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1 Febrero 2003
K n o w y o u r r i g h t s i n Ti j u a n a
I T Y OF S AN
L I FORNI A
AN ER V IGI L
S TAT E
C. JOSÉ AGUSTÍN SANTIAGO ARREOLA Council Chairman of the Tourism and Business Committee
Since the first day of my administration as City Council Chairman of the Tourism and Business Committee of the Honorable XVII Tijuana City Government, I have been working to promote the tourism sector, one of the most important sectors of our economy. Conscious of problems negatively affecting our development, I propose by way of a true commitment, to achieve mechanisms that will day-by-day contribute to the formation of the new Tijuana that we all desire. This new Tijuana, requiring the commitment of all sectors of society, would guarantee a
Tijuana is one of the most important cities in the country, and by far the most frequently crossed Mexican border. Among Tijuana's visitors are the large number of California residents. The Baja California Secretary of Tourism estimates that more than 4.2 million families from five California counties have visited Tijuana on at least one occasion. We receive visitors from the rest of the world as well.
The presence of California residents and other U.S. citizens in Tijuana has a long history and has influenced to a large extent the recreational, commercial, and tourism options that exist in Tijuana. The relationship between the United States of America and Mexico along the border is constant, ongoing and profound on both sides.
climate of safety for our population and foster a spirit of confidence and respect towards our visitors. I invite you to get to know Tijuana, a city that welcomes you with open arms, a city that day-by-day is transforming itself, a city that through this commitment is WORKING FOR YOU. WE AWAIT YOUR ARRIVAL!
THE CITY OF TIJUANA WELCOMES VISITORS AND EXPLAINS THE ROLE OF THE MUNICIPAL JUDGE TO HELP VISITORS THAT ENCOUNTER LEGAL SITUATIONS
RAQUEL STABINSKY VELAZCO President of the Tijuana Convention and Visitors Bureau
Dear Visitor, On behalf of the Tijuana Convention and Visitors Bureau, I give you all a warm
The role of the Municipal Judge is based on constitutional articles 16, 21, and 115; articles 44 and 45 of the Laws of the Municipal Regime of the State of Baja California; and in the Code of Justice for the Municipality of Tijuana, Baja California.
welcome to the most visited border city in the world. We hope that your stay in our city will be a pleasant and memorable experience. To achieve that, as in any other city in the world, it is necessary that visitors observe our laws, and enjoy all the rights that Mexicans have. The main purpose of the Convention and Visitors Bureau is to guide and in other ways
Jesús González Reyes, Mayor of City of Tijuana, Dick Murphy, Mayor City of San Diego Tourist Councilman, Lic. José Agustín Santiago Arreola, Presidente de la Comision de Turismo y Comercio Chief of Police of City of San Diego, David Bejarano, Detective, James F. Dickinson Binational Operations Sergeant, Juan R. González, Southern Investigations U.S Consul of Tijuana, Alfredo Anzaldúa Chief of Protection Unit, Local Judge Coordinator, Lic. Juanita Rojas Luna, Public RelationS, Ing. William Yu International Affairs Lic. Paola Navarro, Public Saffety director, Martin Dominguez Rocha President of the Tijuana Convention and Visitor Bureau, Raquel Stabinsky Graphic Desing and Photography, L.D.G. Sammy L. Durand
help visitors to the city. With this document we have tried to provide useful and practical information that will facilitate a visitor's dealings with City authorities. Again we express our gratitude for chosing the city of Tijuana as your tourist destination, and we wish you a pleasant stay. Welcome!!!
WHAT IS A MUNICIPAL JUDGE?
A Municipal Judge is an official of the municipal government with the authority to apply sanctions (penalties) against persons who commit infractions and misdemeanors and refer persons who commit major crimes or felonies to another competent authority. The Municipal Judge can also resolve complaints about or disagreements with sanctions dictated by other municipal authorities. The Municipal Judge is independent from all police forces and is prepared and trained to resolve cases in an objective, impartial, and independent manner. Tijuana has 56 Municipal Judges in 17 different locations of the city. Nine of these courts offer service 24 hours a day. Among these 24 hour courts is one next to the San Ysidro/Tijuana border, making Tijuana the first Mexican city to offer a bilingual municipal judge on the U.S./ Mexico border.
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN MINORS COMMIT AN INFRACTION?
Minors who violate municipal ordinances and are brought before a municipal judge, will be turned over to their parents if possible. If it is not possible to turn the minor over to his/her parents, the minor will be sent to the Detention Facility for Minors. Remember in Mexico you are considered an adult if you are 18 or over.
Juvenile Probation Center in Tijuana
Vía Rápida Poniente s/n (without street number), Next side the Tijuana Sport Center. Tel: 622-0084 or 622-0694
Juvenile Probation Center in San Diego
2901 Meadowlark drive, San Diego CA. 92123, Tel: (858) 694-4600
WHAT CAN I DO IF I AM FACED WITH A FINE I CONSIDER UNFAIR?
When faced with a fine that you consider unfair, you can contest the fine by filing an appeal (recurso de incomformidad), either orally or in writing, for a municipal judge to review. To do this, immediately go to the nearest municipal judge.
WHERE CAN I FIND A MUNICIPAL JUDGE?
AT THE FOLLOWING CITY OFFICES:
WHAT CAN I DO IF A POLICE OFFICER ASKS FOR MONEY?
You should always politely insist on a written citation. Note: Offering money to a police officer to avoid a ticket or other penalty is a crime in Mexico. Likewise, it is against the law for a police officer to demand or ask for money.
INTERNATIONAL BORDER OFFICE: On the Mexican side of the border, near the SENTRI Lane. Open 24 hours a day.
CENTRAL ZONE OFFICE Avenida 5 de Mayo (G) & Avenida International s/n (without street number), Zona Norte (North Zone) Open 24 hours a day. Tel: 685-3736.
AT THE FOLLOWING CITY OFFICES:
LA PRESA OFFICE Aranjuez and Montes de Oca s/n,
INTERNATIONAL BORDER OFFICE: On the Mexican side of the border, near the SENTRI Lane. Open 24 hours a day.
Fracc. Villa Fontana, Open 24 hrs. Tel: 701-3541
COLONIA INDEPENDENCIA OFFICE Calle Abasolo #7560, between Galeana and Matamoros,Colonia (neighborhood) PLAYAS DE TIJUANA OFFICE Av. Pedregal & del Agua s/n, Section Jardines, Playas de Tijuana. Open 24 hours a day. Tel: 630-8346. MARIANO-FLORIDO SUBSTATION OFFICE MESA DE OTAY OFFICE Blvd. Industrial s/n, Ciudad Industrial, Mesa de Otay (Next to the fire station) Open 24 hours a day. Tel: 647-2647. Ruta Matamoros and Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, Fracc. Mariano Matamoros (Next to the DA's Office) Tel:629-8365. Monday through Saturday-10:00 am - 6:00 pm Independencia. Monday through Thursday 8:30 am - 11:30 pm. Friday and Saturday 9:00 am - 01:00 am.
MUNICIPAL DETENTION FACILITY (CITY JAIL) FOR PERSONS WHO COMMIT MINOR VIOLATIONS ("Vía Rápida" jail). Detentions for minor offenses and infractions, where the alleged perpetrator remains no longer than 36 hours. When the detainee can pay the corresponding fine, he/she will be released immediately upon payment. Vía Rápida Poniente and Ave. de las Americas S/N Col. 20 de Noviembre. Open 24 hours a day. Tel: 622-1881, 82.
LOS PINOS SUBSTATION OFFICE Old highway to Tecate s/n, next to the Abelardo L. Rodríguez dam Tel: 689-4825 Monday - Thursday 8:30 am - 11:30 pm. Friday & Saturday 9:00 am - 1:00 am.
PACIFIC INDUSTRIAL PARK SUBSTATION OFFICE LA MESA OFFICE Av. de los Charros & Allende s/n, in Fracc. (neighborhood) Moreno La Mesa (at the rear of La Mesa State Prison). Open 24 hours a day. Tel: 621-6625 Blvd. Pacifico s/n (between OXXO store, Banamex y Bancomer banks) Tel: 622-8943 Monday - Thursday 8:30 am - 11:30 pm. Friday - Saturday 9:00 am - 1:00 am.
SAN ANTONIO DE LOS BUENOS OFFICE Av. Miraflores s/n, Fracc. Rubí, approximately 300 meters from Calimax store Fundadores Open 24 hrs. a day. Tel: 637-0956.
MIGUEL ALEMÁN SUBSTATION OFFICE Río Eufrates and Amazonas s/n., Infonavit Capistrano Tel: 625-1996 Monday - Friday 4:00pm - 11:00 pm Saturday: 9:00 am - 1:00 pm
WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON INFRACTIONS AND MISDEMEANORS COMMITTED BY VISITORS IN TIJUANA?
WHAT ARE THE TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS MOST COMMONLY COMMITTED
BY VISITORS TO TIJUANA?
$ 211 to 843 295 126 to 295
Loitering on street, which causes a public nuisance. Using costume or disguises which cause a public naisance. Creating excessive noise with cars, motorcycles, or musical equipment.
21.10 to 84.30 29.95
Exceeding the speed limit. The speed limit in the the city is 40 km (25mi.) per hour, unless a traffic sing indicates another speed limit. Not obeying a traffic signal while driving.
12.60 to 29.50 42.10 to 126.50 21.10 to 84.30 21.10 to 84.30 21.10 to 84.30 42.10 to 126.50 12.60 to 29.50 21.10 to 84.30 21.10 to 84.30
632 to 1,265 253 to 421 253 to 421 253 to 421 253 to 421 464 to 632
63.20 to 126.50 25.30 to 42.10 25.30 to 42.10 25.30 to 42.10 25.30 to 42.10 46.40 to 63.20
421 to 1,265 211 to 843 211 to 843 211 to 843
253 to 421
registration has expired
25.30 to 42.10
Crimes relating to drugs, alcohol or prostitution. Satisfying physiological needs (excreting or urinating) on the street. Introducing or drinking intoxicating beverage in public or private places without authorization.
421 to 1,265 126 to 295 211 to 843 211 to 843
464 to 632
Driving on the fast lane.
46.40 to 63.20 25.30 to 42.10 25.30 to 42.10 25.30 to 42.10
253 to 421 253 to 421 253 to 421
Drinking alcoholic beverage in a vehicle while on a public street or road.
Parking on a red curb
* Based on the exchange rate of November 21, 2002.
These fines can only be paid at special cashier offices that are open 24 hours a day at: OFICINA DE TRANSITO MUNICIPAL (MAIN POLICE STATION) Calle (Street) 8va corner of Av. Constitución, Zona Centro (Central Zone) Tel: 685-6557 ESTANCIA MUNICIPAL PARA INFRACTORES (CITY JAIL) ("Vía Rápida" jail). Vía Rápida Poniente (Rapid Way West) and Ave. de las Americas S/N Col. 20 de Noviembre Tel: 622-1881, 82
It is not against the law to drive a U.S rented vehicle in Mexico. To avoid
other problems, however, foreign visitors must make sure that the lease agreement has a clause allowing travel into Mexico. You can pay Tijuana traffic fines in the US with a check or money order made out to: H. Ayuntamiento de Tijuana 416 W. San Ysidro Blvd., Suite L., #725, San Ysidro, CA 92143.
WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON CRIMES COMMITTED IN TIJUANA?
Firearms: Carrying firearms or bringing firearms into Mexico is a serious crime. (Federal Law on Firearms and Explosives) Other Weapons: Possession of any knife or other (non-firearm) weapon, such as a razor, metal knuckles, dagger, ice-pick, etc., is a crime in Mexico. (Article 245 of the Penal Code and Penal Procedures of the State of Baja California).
occurs, the Deputy DA will take a report and initiate an investigation to locate your vehicle. Do not file a report in México, if the vehicle was stolen in the United States.
If your vehicle is recovered, you can go to the Municipal Judge to resolve your case, without having to pay towing, storage, or a fine.
Illicit Drugs: Possession or consuming street drugs, no matter how small the quantity, is a crime. Graffiti: Marking or spraying graffiti is considered damage to property and is against the law and carries a penalty.
If you are a California resident and your vehicle is stolen while visiting Mexico, you may file a courtesy report with the California Highway Patrol upon returning to the U.S. The requirements for filing a report are to: 1) Be resident of California, USA. 2) Vehicle registered in California at the time of theft. 3) Provide a copy of the Mexican stolen vehicle report.
WHAT HAPPENS IF AM CAUGHT DRIVING WITH ALCOHOL ON MY BREATH?
If you commit an infraction while driving, and an officer detects alcohol on your breath, you must be brought before a Municipal Judge. At that point, you will have the right to make a phone call. You will then be brought to a doctor who will examine you to determine if you are intoxicated (i.e., under the influence of alcohol). If so found, you will be turned over to a Deputy State District Attorney (DA) and your car will be towed to an impound yard. If you simply have alcohol on your breath, but the doctor determines that you are not intoxicated, you will be fined. When you pay your fine you will be able to recover your vehicle.
Note: For more information call the California Highway Patrol, Border Division, Mexico Liason Unit at (858) 637-7158.
The listed fines apply if a certified doctor determines any intoxication or the person to be under the influence of any controlled substance that may impair his/her ability to drive.
Fine in Pesos
Fine in Dollars
WHAT SHOULD I DO IF MY VEHICLE IS STOLEN IN MEXICO?
You should immediately contact the nearest Deputy State District Attorney and present documents showing that you are the owner of the vehicle. Once that
WHERE CAN I GET HELP IF I AM THE VICTIM OF A CRIME?
! You can go to the State District Attorney's Office located at Calle Constitución & Calle 8va, Central Zone, next to the fire station. Tel: 638-5209 or 638-9184. !
WHAT LEGAL ASSISTANCE CAN I OBTAIN IN TIJUANA?
Baja California Secretary of Tourism provides tourist information. At the booth at Plaza Viva Tijuana, Zona Centro (downtown), Tel: 9730424 & 973-0430. General Offices on Paseo de los Héroes, No. 10289, 4th floor, Zona Río (River Area), Tel: 634-6330, 634-3085 & 634-6873. Tijuana Convention and Visitors Bureau (COTUCO), Information Booth, International Border s/n (no street number), San Ysidro Port-ofEntry, Tel: 683-1405. ! Tijuana Convention and Visitors Bureau, Information Booth Revolución. Av. Revolución, s/n, entre calle 3ra and 4ta, Tel: 685-2210. ! Tijuana Convention and Visitors Bureau, Information Booth, Andador Turístico. Línea Internacional Puerta México, Tel: 683-4987. ! Tijuana Convention and Visitors Bureau, General Offices: Paseo de los Héroes 9365 - 201 Zona Rio. Tel: 684-0537 or 684-0538. E- mail email@example.com. ! Office of Municipal Judges, Avenida Independencia & Paseo Centenario, City Hall (Palacio Municipal), 1st Floor,. Lic. Juanita Rojas Luna. Tel: 683-4261 Fax 683-4262. E-mail, firstname.lastname@example.org ! City of Tijuana International Affairs Office, Avenida Independencia y Paseo Centenario City Hall. 2nd Floor. Lic. Paola Navarro Martínez. Tel: 683-4000. E-mail: email@example.com. ! Office of Internal Affairs . Complaint Department. Avenida Independencia and Paseo Centenario. 3ro floor. C.P. Martín Domínguez Chiu. Te l : 688-2810. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org To file your complaint use: www.sindicatura.gob.mx/quejas.
WHAT SHOULD I DO IF IM INVOLVED IN A TRAFFIC ACCIDENT ?
! Dial the number 066 (emergency number) to notify the municipal
police. Ask that a police officer and an accident investigator (perito) respond to the scene to take a report.
! ! ! !
Do not move the vehicles involved in the accident. Follow the accident investigator to the corresponding police station. At the police station, you will have the right to ask for an attorney. You have the right to call your auto insurance company representative to discuss the accident with the accident investigator. The Municipal judge, will determine who was at fault.
If someone is injured in the accident, no matter how slight, the party at fault must appear at the State DA's Office. If no one is injured, the parties to the accident can go before a municipal judge to make an agreement concerning payment for the repairs. This will avoid going to the State DA's Office. Mexico.
To avoid serious problems,
it is very important that you obtain Mexican auto insurance while driving in
Consulate of United States, Av. Tapachula # 96 Col. Hipódromo, CP 22420, Tel. 622-7400. Open Monday Friday, from 8:00 am. to 4:00 pm. After 5:00p.m and on weekends, U.S. number is (619) 692-2154, for emergencies only.
Consulate of Honduras, Av. Revolución # 1651, Zona Centro, between 8th. & 9th. streets. Tel: 688-3862. Open Monday Friday, from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.
Consulate of Finland, Av. Revolución Edif. Revolución # 1650-M 2nd. floor, Zona Centro, Tel: 685-6330. Open Monday - Friday, from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.
Consulate of Mexico Office at the San Ysidro Port-ofEntry, California. Tel: (619) 231-3847.
Consulate of France, Av. Revolución # 1651 3rd. floor, Zona Consulate of Germany, (calle) Cantera # 400 building 304, Terrazas de Mendoza, Playas de Tijuana, Tel: 6802512. Consulate of Gambia, calle Ignacio Comonfort # 9351, Edif. Consulate of Austria, Blvd. Agua Caliente #10535-804, Condominio Gallego, Tel: 686-3625, Open Monday Friday, from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm. Consulate of Great Britain, Blvd. Salinas # 1500, Fracc. Consulate of Canada, calle Germán Gedovius #10411101, Zona Río, Tel: 684-0461, Open Monday - Friday, from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm. Consulate of Italy, calle Santa Maria # 155, Col. Gabilondo, Tel: 688-2663. Consulate of the Peoples Repuplic of China, Av. San Luís Potosí # 147 Fracc. Chapultepec, Tel: 621-9759. Consulate of Japan, calle Saturnino Herrán # 3 suite 101, Zona Río, Tel: 634-2401, Open Monday - Friday, from 9:00 Consulate of Korea, Av. H # 940 between 3ra. And 4ta. Street, Zona Centro, Tel: 622-0129. Consulate of Norway, Calle "E" # 4, Fracc. Rubio, Consulate of Spain, Av. De los Olivos, # 3401, Fracc. Cubillas, Tel: 686-5780.
Centro, Tel:681-3133. Open Monday - Friday, from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm.
Gilt 9th floor, Zona Río, Tel: 684-9868 or 9869. Open Monday - Friday, from 8:00 am to 6:00 pm.
Aviación, Tel: 686-5320.
am to 4:00 pm.
Consulate of Sweden, Av. Revolución # 608-8, Zona Centro, Tel: 685-4501.
It is unlawful to remove the following listed items from Mexico:
1) Archeological jewels or gems or historical objects. 2) Wild flora or fauna. 3) All substances, products, goods, and items regulated by Mexican trade laws.
Consulate of Israel, street (Calle) 1ra. # 1620, Zona Centro. Tel: 685-5000. Open Monday - Friday, from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm.
Consulate of Belgium, Av. Independencia esq. Paseo del Centenario # 1350, Zona Río, Tel. 683-4037
It is unlawful to introduce the following listed items into the us:
1) Fruits and vegetables that are not on the "permitted list."
Consulate of Denmark, street (calle) Virgilio Uribe # 496, Teniente Azueta, Ensenada, B.C. Tel. 01 (646) 176-6035.
2) Pork meat (except canned pork meat). 3) Poultry (except cooked poultry is permitted). 4) More than one liter of an alcoholic beverage per person. 5) More than $10,000 (without declaring the amount to US Customs)
It is unlawful to introduce into Mexico the following listed items:
1) Firearms, cartridges, bullet clips, explosives, chemical substances associated with weapons, ammunition, and other weapons. (Unauthorized buying and selling such items in Mexico is a federal crime which carry severe penalties. 2) All substances, products, goods and items regulated by Mexican trade laws. 3) Narcotics and other street drugs. 4) Items that might carry diseases or harmful biological vectors, such as: - Soil - hay or cattle feed - straw or artifacts made with straw - home made foods - fresh, dried, frozen, or canned meat. Also, meat products, such as cold cuts, or smoked, salted, or preserved meats, coming from unauthorized countries.
Additional suggestions: Every international visitor should bring a current passport. To purchase medicines in Mexico, you need a prescription from a Mexican doctor. (Note: In case of doubt, contact the Pharmacy Association at 685-0021 or 685-0046.) To purchase medicines from pet and animal supply houses, such as anabolic steroids and anesthetics, you need a prescription from a veterinarian. Without a prescription, you are committing a crime. Mexican laws apply equally to foreigners and Mexicans. Use common sense and respect the law.
The city of Tijuana has established an office of Internal Affairs (Sindicatura).
One of the goals of Internal Affairs is to monitor local public officials and the services they provide. Our Internal Affairs Office, is ready to assist you.
If you have a complaint against a city official, you can contact the City of Tijuana Internal Affairs at 688-2810, 24 hours a day. You can also register your complaint, in person at City Hall, or via the Internet at the following address: www.sindicatura.gob.mx/complaints
The form on the next page is provided by the Internal Affairs office for use by any Mexican Citizen or foreign visitor to file complaints against mexican police officers or any other local public official.
Note: Any information provided will be part of the investigation and will help resolve the complaint, which may result in disciplining the officer or the public official. If possible, please provide the officer's name, police unit number and a physical description. If you are not familiar with the City, describe businesses, stores, or nearby buildings, where the event took place. If you were injured, you should obtain a medical report from the State District Attorney's Office. Don't forget to write down the date and time of the incident. You can file your complaint.
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