Defense Mechanisms: unconscious psychological strategies brought into play by various entities to cope with reality and to maintain

self-image.

Examples Acting out: The person deals with internal or external stressors by actions rather than reflections or feelings. Affiliation: The person deals with internal or external stressors by turning to other for help or assistance Altruism: The person deals with internal or external stressors by dedications to meeting the needs of others. Unlike self – sacrifice the individual receives gratification from the response of others. Avoidance: consisting of refusal to encounter situations, objects, or activities because they represent unconscious sexual or aggressive impulses and/or punishment for those impulses Compensation: Encountering failure or frustration in some sphere of activity, one overemphasizes another.

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