Matrix Organization A matrix organization is a blended organizational structure.

It is one where functional leaders are responsible for more than one area. Employees report to both their immediate manager and a cross function leader. Although a functional hierarchy is still in place, the project manager is recognized as a valuable position and is given more authority to manage the project and assign resources. Matrix organizations can be further divided into weak, balanced, and strong matrix organizations. A weak matrix gives more authority to the functional manager (FM), whereas the strong matrix gives more power to the PM. As the name suggests, the balanced matrix balances power between the FM and the PM. The difference between the three is the level of authority given to the project manager (PM).

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