Frederick Edwin Church Twilight in the

The backgroung
1. F.E. Church - methaphisical painter. 2. He was a naturalist. 3. Road to God found only in the dramatism of nature. 4. References to religion in symbols 5. References to Manifest Destiny. 6. Twilight in the Wilderness (1860) – territory of Maine
Frederick Edwin Church Twilight in the

The Work
1. The whole work – vastness of American continent. 2. Fiery-red sky (clouds cross the sky diagonally)– the phisycal presence of God in the nature. 3. The river – journey westwards for expansion. Seems to add peace to the cryptic and enticing wildreness.
Frederick Edwin Church Twilight in the

The Work
1. The purplish mountain in the background stands for the destination, land yet to be explored and acquired.

The trees in the foreground – strenght required in the quest for wilderness.
Frederick Edwin Church Twilight in the

The Work
Some other interpretations branches wood Passion Christianity

3. The trees are the guardians of the new land.
Frederick Edwin Church Twilight in the

The Work
1. The absence of man – the wilderness seems to be deterrnent and hostile.
2. This new man is yet to come – the American as New Adam. 3. This unexplored land can only belong to New Adam as God has given such a right (Manifest Destiny)
Frederick Edwin Church Twilight in the

Sources
1. Jules David Prown Malarstwo amerykańskie – od początków do armory show. 2. John Wilmerding, (ed.) The Genius of American Painting. 3. Art Archive
Frederick Edwin Church Twilight in the

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