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CLASSICIST MODERN

FEATURES
WORLDVIEW WORLDVIEW
• Views the world as • Views the world as dynamic
complete and fixed for all and evolving through
eternity historical development

• The world is marked by • The world is marked by


harmony of an objective progressive growth and
CHARACTERISTICS
order change

• Speaks of the world in • Speaks of the world in


terms of well-defined terms of individual traits
essences using abstract, using concrete, historical
universal concepts concepts
CLASSICIST MODERN
FEATURES
WORLDVIEW WORLDVIEW
• Begins with the abstract • Begins with experience and
and derives principles derives principles from
from universal essences accumulated experience

• Primarily deductive • Primarily inductive

METHODOLOGY
• Conclusions will remain • Some conclusions will change as
the same empirical evidence changes

• Conclusions are always • Leaves room for incompleteness,


secure as long as possible error, open to revision;
deductive logic is correct conclusions are as accurate as
evidence will allow, but these
are accurate enough