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HOOKER CHLORINE FOREWORD ‘The purpose of this booklet is to provide useful information to anyone who buys, uses, or handles chlorine. Everyone using chlorine should be thoroughly familiar with safe methods of handling, storage and uses, In the preparation of this booklet special attention has been paid to safety in the handling and use of chlorine. ‘The information contained herein is, to the best of our knowledge, accurate and should he helpful to the chlorine consumer. However, no guarantees as uracy re made, and Hooker Chemical Corporation assumes no responsibility or liability for the failure of any procedure, method, or equipment described herein. These suggestions should not be confused with Federal, State, municipal or insurance requirements ‘The assistance of The Chlorine Institute, Inc. in the preparation of this booklet is gratefully acknowledged, to completeness or Copyright 1985, Hooker Chemical Corporation SECTION 1 2 CONTENTS General Information Equipment for Handling Chlorine Shipping Containers Safety in Handling Chlorine Preparation of Sodium Hypochlorite Analytical Procedures Manufacture of Chlorine Neb PAGE 2 40 42 SECTION 1 Liquid chlorine is a clear, amber-colored liquid shout one and one-half times as heavy as water, At 68 F the vapor pressure of this element is 8: pounds per square inch gauge. Chlorine enters into substitution and addition reactions with a great variety of organic and organic materials. Dry chlorine does not react appreciably with most metals at room tempera- ture, At elevated temperatures, or in the presenee of even small amounts of moisture, chlorine does react readily with many metals, Dissolved in water, chlorine is an oxidizing agent of moderate strength, It is nonexplosive, noncombustible and a nonconductor of electricity. PURITY OF AL MLR Commercial liquid chlorine contains in solution solid, liquid and gaseous impurities. The amounts of these impurities vary widely. The following figures on the principal impurities may be taken as illustrative: Gaseous impurities: co. 0.50% by volume 0. 0.04 by volume N. 0.07% by volume Liquid impurities: 40 ppm, total, These are large chloride, chloroform, and chioroethanes, Solid impurities: 25 ppm, total, Largely hexachloroethane and ferric chloride. The solid impurities may be troublesome, in that they deposit in pipes, valves, and control in- struments, To a large measure these solid impuri- ties can be removed by a suitable trap or filter A chamber, packed with alternate layers of acti vated alumina and glass wool, placed ahead of throttling valves and control instruments, helps prevent clogging. A short length of pipe 4” to 6” bon tetra. NSERAL INFORMATION in diameter, packed with alternate layers of glass wool and Raschig rings, is also helpful, $ Ref. Symbol Atomie Weight Melecular Weight Critical Density Critical Temperate rams per liter wo var ry 2 Critical Pressure 118 pou © inch, Cabsoluted Compressitity US per unit wl per (3) ‘mosphere increase at 20° © between 6100 atmos.) Specie Gra 29 (aie = 1) ry (sas) Specific Gravity TAL (at 20°C. watee=1) (a) guid) Boiling Point BSC (30. BY wo (700 mm Preecing Point Viscosity (us = 100.95" C (=149.76" Fy 0000094 Ibs. per see. per EE (5) absolute) ats’ Viscosity (Liquid) 00023 Ibs, por see, per ft (7) es F 4 volume liquid = 456.8 volumes chlorine gas 48) ehlosine {at 0 C, Vatmosphere) {pound fiquid = 4.98 eubie ft chlorine gas ¢S) chlorine. (at 0° C1 atmospheret 1 eubie fof 91.64 pounds (at a- ©, Diquid chlorine 29 psig) 1 eit of 06 ponds (at °C. ey chlorine atmosphere) Grams per Pounds per Tea TUF titer 1000 Gallons 10 50, 9.98 82.2 20 63 7.30 607 40 104 455 38.0 60 140 3.24 27.0 80 16 218 rt