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Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering LINEAR ELECTRONICS CIRCUITS QUESTION BANK
Multiple choice questions
1. A differential amplifier amplifies the ---------- between two input signals. a) addition b) subtraction c) multiplication 2. The differential amplifier can amplify ac as well as dc signals because it employs ----------. a) b) 3. Noise a) b) c) of input signal in differential amplifier increases decreases remains the soul
Cascaded differential amplifier requires level translator because of d) impedance matching e) isolating each stage f) d.c.shift. In case of constant current bias ,R1 is replaced by diodes D1 & D2 g) increase the input impedance h) improve thermal stability i) increase gain
6. If CMRR is high ,the wide variation of input within the tolerable limits of the equipment makes output j) high k) low l) the same 7. For a.c analysis of differential amplifier we use m) h-parameters n) r-parameters o) none of above
11. In all types of differential amplifier DC operating point p) is not equal q) is equal r) is dependent on application A single supply operational amplifier is a) LM 318 b) MC 414 c) LM 324 The cascode amplifier is composed of direct coupled s) CE-CB configuration t) CC-CC configuration u) CC-CB configuration Input bias current is always is ________. Slew rate is defined by________ a) dv/dt(max) b) di/dt(max c) none of the above The a) b) c) slew rate has _______ positive temperature coefficient negative temperature coefficient none of the above 16. If input frequency is exceed the slew rate the output will be________. Operational amplifier offset voltage due to input bias circuit can be significantly reduced if we use . a) distorted b) not distorted c) amplified 13. Open _________. 10. a) greater b) equal c) less than input offset current 9. The operational amplifier can be nulled by _________. a) using an offset voltage compensating network b) using an error minimizing resistance c) cutting off the power supplies loop configuration of operational amplifier is not need for linear operation nonlinear operation none of above 14.8. 17. a) b) c) 15. 12.
741 opamp is a chip of type _________. . 23. The standard supply voltage for an ordinary operational amplifier is _________ a) 15 volts b) 13 volts c) 12 volts 19. a) industrial b) military c) commercial voltage follower is a special case of __________.a) b) offset compensatory network offset minimizing resistance 18. 25. 26. a) 30 dB b) 40 dB c) 90 dB 21. a) inverting configuration b) non-inverting configuration c) difference configuration frequency response of differetiator is same as that of ______. The input offset voltage _______ with negative feedback . Specified value of CMRR for 741 opamp is ________. a) high pass filter b) low pass filter c) band pass filter frequency response of integrator is same as that of ______. a) increases b) decreases c) does not change 20. a) high pass filter b) low pass filter c) band pass filter voltage shunt configuration is nothing but ________ a) inverting configuration b) non-inverting configuration c) difference configuration voltage series configuration is nothing but ________ a) inverting configuration b) non-inverting configuration c) c) difference configuration 22. 24.
What is the difference voltage if the inputs are an ideal inphase signal? . What is the difference output voltage of any signals applied to the input terminals? a) b) c) d) the differential gain times the difference input voltage The common-mode gain times the common input voltage the sum of the differential gain times the difference input voltage and the common-mode gain times the common input voltage the difference of the differential gain times the difference input voltage and the common-mode gain times the common input voltage 33. In which of the following is an operational amplifier (op-amp) used? a) b) c) d) oscillators filters instrumentation circuits all of the above 32. a) low frequency b) high frequency c) medium frequency 30. the type of feedback used for closed loop configuration is _______ a) positive feedback b) negative feedback c) none of the above 28. a) speaker b) transducer 29. basic differentiator fails to work at ________.27. instrumentation amplifier is used to amplify the output of __________. basic integrator fails to work at ________. a) low frequency b) high frequency c) medium frequency 31.
b) The input impedance of the circuit is increased over that of the op-amp alone. The larger the value of CMRR. third order Butterworth low pass filter has upper cut off frequency of 1KHz. a) . the closer the output voltage is to the difference input times the difference gain with the common-mode signal being rejected a) True b) False 35.if frequency is increased to 2KHz. What is the scale multiplier (factor) of a basic integrator? a) R/C b) C/R c) –RC d) –1/RC 37. Which of the following is (are) the result of gain reduction by a feedback? The amplifier voltage gain is a more stable and precise value.a) b) c) signal d) the differential gain times twice the input signal the differential gain times the input signal the common-mode gain times twice the input the common-mode gain times the input signal 34.The gain of the filter drops by -------. d) all of the above 38. c) The output impedance is reduced over that of the opamp alone. a) 6db b) 18 db c) 20 db d) 60 db. What is the voltage gain of the unity follower? a) 0 b) 1 c) –1 d) infinity 36.
Input impedance of DIBO-DA is________. 8. 7)The distortion increases in case of _______ feedback. The specified value for slew rate of 741 opamp is ______. The transfer curve of opamp is the graph of ________ versus differential input voltage. c) The loop gai is equal to 1. 6). b) The loop gain is less than 1. then the cause is ---------------. a) the amplifier gain is too high. 10)The level translator is to shift _______ level down to ground.of OPAMP 21)Output stage of opamp provides -----. OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS 1. What is the figure of merit of a differential amplifier? 3. if the oscillations stops after a few cycles. What are the Four types of differential amplifiers ? 2. What is the swamping resistor in differential amplifier? 4. 11)For emitter coupled amplifier RE-> ∞. The gain reduces in case of ________ feedback. d) The loop gain is greater than 1.39.output differential amplifier.o/p resistance 22)1DC voltage is well above the ground potential due to ------coupling. 9) The specified value for open loop gain of 741 opamp is ______. 23)To overcome noise problem in level shifter ------. For an Op-amp based wien Bridge Oscillator . CMRR-> ----12)The second state of OP_AMP consists of dual input ------.is used . 5. 13)Differntial amplifier is ----------coupled amplifier As common mode gain decreases the value of CMRR ------------14)Current source is used as ----------element in amplifier 15)Biasing circuit provides ----------stabilization 16)Level shifter of op-amp should have ----------input impedance 17)Differntial amplifier is perfectly balanced if transistors are ----------18)Level shifter of op-amp shifts o/p dc level down to -----------19)CMRR is -----------proportional to RE 20)Offset voltage compensating network is connected in between pin number ----&----.
it is said to operate in -----------.than input dc level 25) When same voltage is applied to both the terminals of differential amplifier.configuration. 29) ______ to_______ has application in tansmission lines. 30) The input resistance of NI configuration is given by ________-.Input two-voltage range of for 741 IC is ±-------------41).24)O/p DC level is always -------. 28) Photodiode is an example of _______to________ converter. 31)Average rate of change of offset voltage per unit time is called as --32)OPAMP has standard slew rate of --------33)CMRR has standard value for 741 IC as ---------34)UGB mean gain of opamp at a frequency ----------35)Maximum rate of change of o/p voltage is ----36)Ideal OPAMP has -----.voltage gain 37)For ideal opamp when i/p voltage is zero then o/p voltage is ---38)The ideal value of SVRR for 741 opamp is -----------39)Algebric difference between two i/p currents of OPAMP is ---------40). 26) Summing amplifier can be converted into summer by takin all the resistors of ___ equal value.The average of two-i/p bias current is called as ----------42)For DIP package of Operational amplifier DIP means ----------43)The input bias current value for 741IC is -------44)The input offset current value for 741IC is ------45)This is the last stage of OPAMP -----------------46)The circuit in which output current is forced to equal input current is said to be a -----47)What are the different types of adder circuit? 48)What do you mean by scalar adder? 49) Which type of frequency responce of integrator? 50) Which type of frequency response of differentiator? 51) What is difference between practical integrator and ideal integrator? 52)What is difference between practical differentiator and ideal differentiator? 53)What do you mean by average adder? 54)Draw the circuit diagram of subtractor 55) What is importance stability resistor? 56) What is importance of capacitor in integrator? 57) What is importance of resistor in differentiator? 58) What is the effect of noise integartig circuit? 59) What is the effect of noise differentiator circuit? 60)What are the application of integrating circuit? 61)What are the application of differentiating circuit? 62) which type of filter we get from integrator and differentiator 63)What are different application of adder circuit 64)What are different application of buffer circuit 65)What do you mean by quality factor? 66) What is the range of quality factor for band reject filter? 67)What is the range of quality factor for band pass filter? 68) What do you mean by order of filter? . 27)The gain of voltage follower is ____.
What is the difference between comparator & Schmitt trigger ? 91) Define Resolution.69)What do you mean by roll over frequency? 70)What is the importance of higher order filter? 71) What do you mean by cut-off frequency? 72)Is it possible to design band pass filter by using one high pass and one low pass filter? 73)What is difference between active filters and passive filters? 74) What is difference between analog filters and digital filters? 75) Which filters are more useful analog or digital? 76) What are the disadvantages of analog filters? 77) What are the different steps for the designing of low pass filters? 78) What are the different steps for the designing of high pass filters? 79) What is the importance of major and minor lobes in filter response? 80)What happened if order of filter is not increased? 81)What are different application of low pass filter circuit 82)What are different application of high pass filter circuit 83) Define Oscillator &Explain Barkhausain criteria for oscillations ? 84) What are the advantages of Active filter over passive one ? 85) What is Butter worth Response? 86) What are the advantages of Higher order filters? 87) List the most commonly used filters? 88) What is an all pass filter ? Where and why it is needed? 89) How are the Oscillators Classified? 90). Conversion time for D/A Converter? 92) What is comparator? 93) What is Voltage limiting & why it is needed? 94) What is the difference between Clippers & Clampers? 95) What is Sample & hold Circuit? Why it is needed? 96) What is the basic difference between comparator & Schmitt trigger? 97) What is a Multiviberator circuit? 98) What is Phase Locked Loop? . settling time.
Discuss single input unbalanced output differential amplifier 3. if VCC=15V 17)Discuss overload protection circuit . For a DIBO differential amplifier RC=2.Calculate operating points. Write a short note on Constant current source 5. RE=4KΩ.7V. What is complementary push pull amplifier? 15. Draw four-stage block diagram of OPAMP 2.βac=βdc=100. Write a short note on level shifter with zener diodes 10. Why CMRR->∞for emitter coupled differential amplifier when RE>∞ 4.7KΩ. Write a short note on simple current source 7. Perform DC analysis over DIBO differential amplifier 12. VBE=0.Calculate operating points.2KΩ. then determine common mode output if CMRR is 55db 14. Write a short note on level shifter 8.2V.βac=βdc=50. voltage gain & input resistance. If differential gain of differential amplifier is 112 & input is 2sin100t V. Write a short note on level shifter with potential divider 9. What is offset? How it can be eliminated? 13. if VCC=12V 16.100) What is the major difference between Analog & digital PLL? 101)List the applications of PLL? 102)What are the two basic modes of operation of IC 555? 103)List important features of IC 555? 104) What is a Regulator? List four different types of Regulators? 105)What is Switching Regulators? SUBJECTIVE QUESTIONS : 1. For a DIBO differential amplifier RC=2KΩ. Write a short note on current mirror 6. voltage gain & input resistance. VBE=0. Perform AC analysis over DIBO differential amplifier 11. RE=4.
26)Draw offset voltage compensating network 27)Draw pen loop frequency response of 741 IC 28)What is Miller effect compensation? 29)What is the difference between internal & external compensation? 30)How fast the output of OPAMP will change by 20V. instrumentation amplifiers a typical examples sate its two important advantages with the help of the circuit diagrams derive an expression for its gain in terms of the circuit components. 47) For the circuit show. 34) Discus the errors on integrators due to input bias current and in put offset voltage. Derive its expression. find Vo in terms of bridge deviations bridge power supplies and resistor. 43)Write a short note on bridge amplifier and its type. Vo and V1 if V1 is in put voltages as shown.amp. 49)Draw the circuit for full wave precision rectifier and deduce its characterstics 50)Define oscillator . 37) what is the differentiator? What are their limitations? Who they are over come in practical differentiator. 41) write a short note on divider. derive the expression for Vo in terms of Vs and the circuit parameters.18)Write a short note on frequency response 19)Write down ideal characteristics of ideal OPAMP 20)Draw ideal voltage transfer curve of 741 21)Why negative feedback is desirable in OPAMP 22)Explain virtual ground concept 23)Define CMRR. 48)For the differential amplifier show in figure.How are oscillator classified ?What is frequency stability?Explain its significance 51)Write short note on phase shift oscillator . SVRR. 39) draw the circuit of simple logarithmic amplifier find the expression for its out put. 35) for the given integrators show the waveforms of out put voltage. 44) For the inverting bridge amplifier. if its slew rate is 1V/u sec 31)Explain in detail packages of 741 available in market 32)Explain the concept of virtual ground in detail 33)the integrators used in analog computation has three mode of operation draw the circuit for such an integrators and explain its work. UGB & power consumption 24)What is thermal drift? How affects performance of OPAMP 25)Define slew rate. 46)For the instrumentation amplifier shown in figure verify that.State Barkhausens criteria for oscillator . 40) write a short note on multiplier. 42)write a short note on differential amplifier configarations. 45) If is common particle to employ more than one op-amp to realize differential DC amplifier. 38)List two demerits of differentiator using op. 36) Prove that the circuit show in figure is a non-inverting integrators with Vo=2/RC/Vidt. find conduction so that common mode in put signal dose not contribute to the out put hence derive relation for differential gain.
? 84)Explain a)Lock Range b) center frequency c)capture range d) Loop gain . 83)What is PLL? Explain in detail. 71)Show the difference between frequency response of different order filters.Explain its working 53)Explain how the problem of growing oscillator in a wein bridge oscillator is overcomed 54)Write short note on RMS to DC conversion 55)Write a short note on unidirectional current source and sinks. 74)Design a second order narrow band pass filter.Find the order of the filter. Draw the circuit of second order low pass filter 59)Draw the first order high pass butterworth filter. 61)What is the Band pass filter?How do you define the measure of selectivity of band pass filter?What are the various types of band pass filter?How do you identify the type of filter? 62) Design a phase shift oscillator to oscillate at 100 Hz. 69)Give the name of different types of filter. 77)Explain RC phase shift oscillator .convert the 1 khz cut-off frequency of low pass filter of above question to a cut-off frequency of 1. 81)Design oscillator for generating oscillations of 1mhz and the phase shift of 360 degree. 58)State the advantages of active filters over passive filters. 73)Design a Notch filter for the notch frequency of 100 Hz.4khz to 90. 76)State different types of oscillators. 63)For voltage to current convertor shown in figure . 82)Design a 2 nd order filter which allow the frequency of range 1.Fh=2 Khz and passband gain 4 using op-amp 65)Using the frequency scaling technique . 72)Explain a)Low pass active filter b) High pass active filter c) Band pass active filter d)Band reject active filter. 75)Design a band-pass active filter with center frequency of 750hz .Derive its equation 60)Ahigh pass butterworth filter is to be designed to have 3-db bandwidth of 200Hz and an attenuation of 30 db for less than 100Hz . 56)Define communication filter .52)Draw a wein bridge oscillator circuit using op-amp.5 and Q = 5.8khz. gain of 1.determine expression for IL 64) Design wide band pass filter with Fl=400 Hz.6 khz 66)What is a filter ckt ? Why it is necessary in electronics ckt? 67)Compare active filter with passive filters? 68)State advantages and limitations of active filter over passive filter. 70)Explain 2nd order Butterworth filter in detail.How are the filter classified 57) With neat sketches explain the operation of the active low pass filter. 80)Describe the application of oscillators and filters in analog ckt . 78)Explain wein bridge oscillator And give its two application. 79)Explain Quadrature oscillator .
93)Give the block diagram of IC 566 VCO and explain its operation. 102)Draw a block schematic of PLL IC NE/SE 565and describe its functions. 105)Draw and explain ckt diagram for astable Multivibrator. 104)Draw and explain ckt diagram for monostable Multivibrator. 95)Discuss FSK generator using IC555 timer. 111)Draw and explain the ckt of scmitt trigger using Ic 555 timer. 89)Explain different modes of operation of IC555 . 106)Draw and explain ckt diagram for bistable Multivibrator. 86)Explain the application of IC565 as a a) FM demodulator b)freuquency multiplier 87)What do you mean by voltage regulator . 107)Give the block diagram of IC 566 VCO and explain its operation. e)Free running frequency.Explain in detail. 110)Draw and explain block diagram of frequency multiplier. 96)Draw and explain block diagram of frequency multiplier. 91)Draw and explain ckt diagram for astable Multivibrator. 97)Draw and explain the ckt of scmitt trigger using Ic 555 timer.and explain its operation.and explain its operation. 98)Design symmetrical square wave generator of 10khz. 92)Draw and explain ckt diagram for bistable Multivibrator. 112)Design symmetrical square wave generator of 10khz. 109)Discuss FSK generator using IC555 timer. 88)Draw a block schematic of PLL IC NE/SE 565and describe its functions. 90)Draw and explain ckt diagram for monostable Multivibrator. 114)An amplifier system has the following input and output signals .i. 85)List the desirable characteristics of VCO. Also give its application.Explain in detail. 94)Draw the ckt of PLL AM detector and explain its operation. 113)Draw and explain characteristics of three terminal IC regulators. 103)Explain different modes of operation of IC555 . 108)Draw the ckt of PLL AM detector and explain its operation. 100)Explain the application of IC565 as a a) FM demodulator b)freuquency multiplier 101)What do you mean by voltage regulator . 99)Draw and explain characteristics of three terminal IC regulators. Also give its application.
The following diagram shows the op-amp set up as a voltage amplifier. for a voltage amplifier which could be used for this system. based on a single op-amp.(i)What is the voltage gain of the system? (ii)Draw a circuit diagram. Give suitable values for any components. The op-amp is powered from a ±15 V power supply and saturation occurs at ±12 V . 115) An extract from the data sheet of an op-amp is shown in the following table.
c) gain Calculate the bandwidth of the amplifier for this value of voltage d) In response to a step input.An opamp has slew rate of 0.5 mA and Vbe = 0.7 V and Iz = 53 mA c) Bac = Bdc = 100. the output voltage of the amplifier changes from -5 V to +5 V.what is the maximum frequency for which the amplifier will give an undistorted sinusoidal output signal of (a) 30Vp-p (b) 50Vp-p. common mode gain.715 V d) Supply voltge –Vee = -9 V 117) Design the DIBO-DA using the diode constant current bias to meet the following specifications a) supply voltage = 12V b) Ie = 1. . Vbe = 0. Calculate the time taken for this change in output voltage to occur. The two inputs are V1 = 10 mV and V2 = 20 mv. 118) A differential amplifier has an output voltage given by Vo = 9 V2-10 V1.7V. c) voltage gain less than equal to 60. 116) Design a zener constant current bias circuit for the following specifications a) emitter current Ie = 10 mA b) zener diode with Vz = 4. .5 V/Us .a) Calculate the voltage gain of the amplifier b) Complete the following graph to show how the output voltage VouT varies as the input voltage VIN is increased from -2 V to +2 V. Determine common mode input voltage. common mode output and CMRR. the differential gain.
Rf = 100 k. 123) Find the expression of output Vo for differential amplifier with 3 opamps or instrumentation amplifier.2 K ohms. . (1) Calculate error voltage & output voltage at 45°C.5mV.01 uF. Find the value of the variable resistor such that the amplifier is supposed to offer the gain of 1300 and R4 = 10K and R1 = 10K and Rf =1M.If a 20 mv peak sine wave 100 Hz is applied at input. (b) if a sine wave of 1V peak at 1000 Hz is applied to this differentiator draw its output waveform.119)For inverting amplifier with following specifications find total output offset voltage due to Voi and input bias current Ib. 122) (a) Design a differentiator to differentiate an input signal that varies frequency from 10 Hz to 1KHz. 121)Find R1 and Rf in the lossy integrator so that peak gain is 20 dB down from its peak value when w = 10000 rad/sec. (2) Draw output voltage waveform at 25°C & 45°C. Use capacitance of 0. Ib = 250Ma 120) The opamp used as NI amplifier has following specifications. dVio/dT = 30 uV/°C .dIio/dt = 10 nA/°C the amplifier is nulled at 25°C and uses R1 = 100 ohms and Rf = 8. Vio = 7. R1 = 1K.
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