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• Tajweed Lecture 2

• What is LAHN?
• Lahn Jalee
• Lahn Khafee
• Examples of Lahn Jalee
• Examples of Lahn Khafee
• Keywords
• What is Lahn?

• Linguistic Definition
– ‘incorrect pronunciation’

• Applied Definition
– Failing to adhere to the rules of Tajweed
whilst reciting the Qur’an

‘In simple words’ LAHN is a MISTAKE you


make in the Qur’an
Lahn Jalee & Lahn Khafee

• Lahn JALEE = MAJOR mistakes


• Lahn Khafee = Minor mistakes

• Lahn Jalee means to make a BIG mistake


in the Quraan
• Lahn Khafee means to make a small
mistake in The Holy Quran
Yes, it is like a driving test.
Make 1 MAJOR and you FAIL. FAIL
Minors are forgiven to a certain limit.
What is LAHN JALEE?
• Incorrect Makhraj or Sifat (Not to pronounce
letters from the correct place of articulation and their
respective qualities)
• Addition (To add on letters to words)
• Omissions (To take off letters from words)
• To replace Harakah with Sukoon and vice
versa (To replace a Zabar, Zer or Pesh with a Saakin and
vice versa)
• Change the Harakah (To change the Zabar, Zer or
Pesh)

It is HARAM to make any of these MAJOR mistakes.


What is LAHN KHAFEE?
• Full Mouth / Empty Mouth (To overlook
the rules of Tafkheem and Tarqeeq only when
reciting The Name of Allah, The Letter Raa’)
• Ghunnah (Not to adhere to the the rules of
Izhaar, Idghaam, Iqlaab, Ikhfaa etc in their
respective places)
• Madd (Prolongation) (Not to prolong /
stretch a letter when a MADD is present)

It is MAKROOH to make any of these MINOR mistakes.


SIFAT
(Permanent / Intrinsic Quality)

Full Mouth (Tafkheem)


Applying pressure to the roof of the
mouth
due to elevation of the deepest part of
the tongue
MAKHRAJ
Tip of the TONGUE &
Inner section of the INCISOR
MAKHRAJ
Tip of the TONGUE &
Inner section of the INCISOR
THE DIFFERENCE

• In the letters TAA and tAA there is only 1


difference
• (1) Sifat (quality) is different
• The Makhraj is the same
Qalqalah Jahr
If Taa is saakin The Apparent

Tafkheem
The Apparent Shiddah
The Strength

Isti’laa
The Elevated
• The change of meaning
• CORRECT- By the figs, by the olives
• INCORRECT – By the soil, by the olives
Key Words

• Lahn: a Tajweed mistake

• Makhraj: place where the letters originate


• Sifat: The quality & characteristic of the letter
MISTAKES
• What is a Tajweed Mistake?
• And what are the consequences?

• Learn how to stay away from MISTAKES


• By firstly recognising MISTAKES
Language Problems!
Articulation Phonetic Diagram
The Letter Point
Word Example

Tip of the
Tongue and
gums of the
teeth - gums of
the Central
Incisors.
LENTILS
LENTILS

Tip of the
Desk
D
Tongue and
slightly above
the gums to
touch the hard
palate.

Tip of the Back


of the Tongue
and further up
the palate as
compared to
the letter ‘D’.
To SLIP

To become LOW

To KEEP DOING

To go ASTRAY