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Golf Mk3 Manual

Golf Mk3 Manual

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Published by Miroslav Petrovic
Golf III
Golf III

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Categories:Types
Published by: Miroslav Petrovic on Sep 05, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/05/2014

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Sections

  • Doors
  • Boot lid
  • Electric windows*
  • Safety for children
  • Head restraints*
  • Front seats
  • Rear seat
  • Luggage compartment
  • esh partition* (Estate)
  • Manual gearbox
  • Automatic gearbox*
  • Height adjustable steering wheel*
  • Ignition lock
  • Warning lamps
  • Switches
  • Turn signal and dip lever
  • Cruise control system *
  • Windscreen wiper and washer system
  • Heating and ventilation
  • Air vents
  • Sliding/tilting roof*
  • Shelves and boxes
  • The first 1500 km -and afterwards
  • Driving economically and ecologically
  • Brakes
  • Driving a four-wheel drive vehicle*
  • Care of vehicle
  • Bonnet
  • Engine c ompartment
  • Engine oil
  • Automatic transmission fluid (ATF)*
  • 11 Automatic Transmission Fluid
  • Power assisted steering
  • Cooling system
  • Brake fluid
  • Battery
  • Spark plugs V-belts
  • Washer system
  • Wheels
  • Driving abroad
  • First aid kit, warning triangle
  • Vehicle tools Spare wheel
  • Changing wheels
  • Fuses
  • Changing bulbs
  • Installing radio
  • Emergency starting
  • Lifting vehicle
  • Body
  • Environment compatibility
  • Performance
  • Fuel consumption
  • Tyre pressures
  • Weights
  • Trailer weights
  • Dimensions
  • Capacities
  • Vehicle identification data

Instruction Manual

l
,
l
You have chosen the European bestseller, the Golf
... and the environment
Built for the future
You I ave chosen a car Whlcli is l adlcal in
ev ry respeCt. Even concerning the environ­
ment Your new Golf has been developed to
damage the environment as little as poss­
IL le Nor only today, but tomorrow and In he
'utur .
Clean solutions from clean ideas
We beheve that more can be done for the
envtronment today If we forgo some th ings.
So In manufacturing your new Golf, we
have. wherever possible, forgone environ­
mentall y harmful materials, for e :ample
CFCs In plastic parts, cadmium and asbes­
tos .
For [he paintwork. we are f OI going chemical
solvents to an ever rncreaslng degree, and
sing more and more al er-based paints
Clean performance
Naturally, all engines fitted III the Golf are
low pollutants.
They are particularly qUiet and low In uel
consumption That is of course dependent
on your driving style . Tips and advice on the
subject can be found in thiS manual Exactly
Ihere can be found in the alphabetrcallndex
under the heading" EnVIronment" .
Reduced emissions
Vaporrzation - from plastics in the vehicle in­
teriol or from the fuel tank -Will hardly occlIr
In your new Gol f .
For example, we have llserl new materlals­
for the Instrument panel, and the walls of
the fuel tank have been trea ted to reduce
emiSSions a" much as pOSSible
A s ign of the times
Your new Golf has been constructed In such
a way that It can be disposed of environmen­
tally
The plastiC parts have a speCial marking to
Simplify Ident lfeatlon and reprocessing of
materials at a later date.
Some of these plastiC parts are made entire­
ly from recycled material.
These reall y are signs of tile times.
... and more safety
Safe all round
Your nevy Golf has exemplary safety.
It offers an extraordinary high deg ree of ac­
i e and passi e safet
Active - from the running gear to the ergo­
nomics of the interior. Passive - from the
fron enlj structure nd the passenger cell ,
the steenng, the steerlllg wheel , the seats,
through 10 he seat belt sYStem With bel
tra e\ an oressure limiters for driver ilnd
fro· seat passenger.
.411 15 S he result of our safety philosophy.
For us sa ety means protection .
~ '" e ar Iples
Safe and Sound
All
mo,
By,
eve
wh
stri
Sa
E VE
fee
The
anc
fro'
eVE
It (
Th ,
Slt
m"
da
r
inc
Cu
Th
op·
be
pre
im
~ I I in all passive safety, strictly tested in
"1ore than 30 different crash tests.
9y our own standards, standards which are
even higher t han those laid down by law ~ d
....,h ich in many pOi nts go further than tne
strict US standa rds.
Safe and comfortable
':: ven the seats in your new Golf ensure ef­
' ective protection for the occupants.
They have a robust base, a firm seat .ramp
and are designed so that you do not sl ip out
from under the seat belt (submarining) in the
event of a collision .
It contracts
The new Golf is equipped w ith a safety
steering column, whose increased defor­
mat ion distance considerably reduces the
:!anger of it penetrating the interior and thus
Increases passive safety
Cushions
The new Volkswagen Airbag System is the
Jpti mal supplement to the fastened seat
[Jelt. nggered by an electronic sensor, It
orotects the breast and head form possible
pact WIt parts of the vehi cle interior.
· .. and the service
One of the largest and most efficient service
organisations in the world IS wait ing to look
after your Golf : in Europe alone there IS a
network of more than 9000 Volkswagen
dealers, who work effi Ci ently and according
to works guidelines.
The Volkswagen dealers will also ensure
that everything is OK on your Golf . BeSides
the
• 1-year unlimited mileage warranty
against defects in manufacture
a whole package of further guarantees and
services is offered in most countries, like for
example:
• 3-year warranty against defects in paint­
work .
• 6-year warranty against rusting through
on the bodywork -the warranty is valid with­
out annual protection treatment but does
not cover rusting that results from external
damage.
• The mobil ity guarantee.
If you should IJ'lve a breakdown at any time,
Volkswagen dealers w ill help you at short
notice. Either by a qUick repair, a hire car or
even an overnight stay at a hotel for you and
your passengers
• The reliable Volkswagen emergency ser­
vice.
Help around-the-clock -;- only a phone call is
required The numbers are In the list of ad­
dresses in tI-,e veh icle wallet.
• The Volkswagen Service telephone
If you have any questions, suggestions or
criticisms, please call our service advisor
free-of-charge on 130/3102 or In eastern
Germany on 0371/5600426 This service IS
at present only available in Germany.
• 1-year warranty on workshop repairs.
• 1-year warranty on all Genuine parts and
on Volkswagen accessories approved by us.
• The quick, low-priced Express Service
for smaller jobs.
• A reasonabl y priced replacement car for
the period that yours is being serviced or re­
paired - ask your dealer.
• The Volkswagen Accessory Service.
Tested, factory-approved accessories and
professional installation - please read the
notes on page 115.
Volkswagen dealers will gladly supply de­
tails on the above-mentioned services and
possible deviations in individual countries.
See also the notes in the Service Schedule.
We wish you safe, reliable and en joyable
motoring
Volkswagen
VEHICLE LITERATURE
In the vehicle wallet you will find, in addition
to this Instruction manual, a Service
Schedule and a Service address list.
Also depending on vehicle model and equip­
ment there can be various Supplements
(e.g. for car radio, Taxicabs and Hire cars)
If one of these publications appears to be
missing or you have the impression that the
information on some equipment or model
version is not complete, please contact your
Volkswagen dealer. He will be pleased to
help you.
The Instruction Manual
should be read carefully as soon as possible
so that you get to know your vehicle quickly.
Besides regular care and maintenance, cor­
rect operation serves to maintain the value
of the vehicle and is, in many cases, also
one of the stipulations for upholding war­
ranty claims.
For safety reasons please note also
the information on Accessories,
modifications and the renewal of
parts on page 111.
The Service Schedule
contains
identification data for your car
- the Service intervals
- the Service operations
- important details about Warranty
Service work which has been carried out is
also confirmed in the Service Schedule.
This can be important when a claim is made
under warranty.
Your should always present the Service
Schedule when taking the vehicle to a
Volkswagen dealer.
The Service address list
contains
- important addresses and telephone
numbers in Europe and overseas.
- important information on the Volks­
wagen dealer emergency services
Notes on the layout of this Manual:
It descri bes the largest possible range of
equipment envisaged at the time of going to
press Some 0 the equipment may be avall­
able lat er on or not at all or will not be offered
in cert ai n Export markets.
Items of equipment marked with a * are
only standard on certain model versions or
are only available as optional extras on cer­
tain models.
All blocks of text which have this
colour backing and the title
"Attention" refer to potential
accident or injury risks.
& Texts following this symbol and
~ printed in italics are imp ortant
notes on environmental protection.
One final request:
When you sell your car please give the com­
plete Vehicle Wallet to the new owner be­
cause the vehicle literature belongs to the
vehicl e
2
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Dashboard and Controls ..... 4
. eys, Cen tral locking . . .... 6, 7
::"tl-theft warning system .... 8
Joors .......................... .... 9
oot li d .... . .......... . . . . . 10
:: Iectric windows .. . .. 10
• I r r o r s . . ..... . ... 12
Seal belts 13
"" rbag System . . . . . 18
Safety for children .. ... 21
ead restraints . . . . . .. 24
=ront seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Rear seat . . . 27
Luggage compartment ... . ... . ...... 28
Mesh partition (Estate) ...... 29
Luggage compartment cover /
Folding/sliding cover ... 30
Pedals, Hand brake .. 31
Manual gearbox .... ... .... 31
Automati c gearbox . . . . . .......... 32
Height-adjustable steering wheel ..... 35
Ignition lock. . . . . .. 35
Starting/stopping engine 36, 38
\lIstrumellts .. .... 39
Warning lamps ....... 46
Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Turn signal and dip lever ............. 53
Cruise control system ........... 54
Wi ndscreen wiper and washer system 55
Heating and ventilation .. . ...... 56
Air conditioner ......' 59
Sliding/ti lting roof. . . . . . . . . . . . ... 65
Sun visors / Interior li ghts 66,67
Cigarette lighter, Ash tray ..... 68
Shelves and boxes . . . . . . . . . . . ... 69
Roof rack / Roof railings ... 70
DRIVING TIPS
The first 1500 km - and afterwards .... 71
Drivi ng economically and ecologically .. 72
Brakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Tra iler tow ing . .. ..... . .... ... ...... 77
Driving a four-wheel dri ve vehicle .. 79
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Filling the tan k, Fuel. 81, 82
Care of vehicle ........ .. . . 85
Bonnet . . ... 90
Engine compartment .. ...... .... .... 91
Engine oil ..... .......... ........... 92
Automatic transmission fluid (ATF)* ... 96
Power-assisted steering .. 96
Cooling system . . . . . . . . . . .. . 97
Brake fluid ...... 99
Battery . . . . .. 100
Spark plugs. V-belts . . . . . . . . . 102
Washer system ... . .. 103
Windscreen w iper blades . . . 104
Dust and poll en fi lter * . 104
Wheels . 105
Driving abroad ..... . .............. 110
Accessories, modifications and
renewal ot parts .............. III
Mobile telephones and tw o-way rad ios 111
DO-lT-YOURSELF
Fi rst-ai d kit, Warning triangle ........ 112
Storage of vehicle tools, spare wheel
and ball coupling trailer bracket ...... 113
Vehicle tools, Spare wheel 114
CONTENTS
Changing w heels . 116
Fuses . ........ .. .. . . . ... . .... 119
Changing bulbs. . .... .. . 121
Install ing radio . . . . .. 127
Emergency starting .. .. 128
Tow starting / towing . . .. 129
Lift ing vehicle ......... 131
SPECIAL INFORMATION
Body ..... .... . .......... 132
Environmental compatibility ... 133
TECHNICAL DATA
Engine data . .. , .... .... . 134
Performance .. ... ... ... . .. 136
Fuel consumpt ion .. 137
Wheels . . 139
Tyre pressures .. .. ... .. . . .. ... 141
Weights ... 143
Trailer weights .. 144
Dimensions. ...... .. ... 145
Capacities " ..... 146
Vehicle identification data ... 147
ALPHABETICAL INDEX
Alph abetical index ... 148
3
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
General view
4
__CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Page
1 Switch for electric front windows 10
2 Door lock release lever 9
3 Remote controlled outside mirror 12
4 Warning lamps 49
5 Air vents 57
6 Light switch 50
7 Instrument li ghting regulator 50
8 Headlig ht range control 51
9 Lever for heig ht adjustable steeri ng w heel 35
10 Combi instrument:
Instruments
Warning lamps
39
46
1 1 Emergency light system switch 51
' 2 Ignition lock 35
' 3 Knurled wheel for seat heating 51
'4 Air vents 57
' 5 Radio 1)
·6 Controls and switches for heating and
ventilation/air conditi oner
56
59
17 Glove box or passenger side Airbag 69,1 8
18 Bonnet release handle 90
'9 Fuse box behind shelf 119
Page
20 Cold starting aid/idling speed boost
(Diesel engines)
37
21 Turn signal and headlight dip lever
Cruise control system
53
54
22 Horn (on ly functions with igniti on switched on)
or driver's ai rbag
18
23 Windscreen w iper/washer lever
w ith switch for multi function indicat or
55
42
24 Push buttons for air conditi oner 59
25 Ash tray 68
26 Gear lever (manua l gearbox)
Sel ector lever (automatic gearbox)
31
32
Xl- Handbrake lever 31
28 Cassette or CD storage box
29 Cigarette lighter/electri c socket 68
30 Heated rear window switch 52
31 Switch for rear electric w indows 10
• Some of the items listed are only fitted on certain models or are
opti onal extras .
• On right-hand drive vehic les the arrangement of the swi tches
and the location of some items can vary. However the symbols on
the switches are the same as for left-hand dri ve vehicles.
n Vehicles with a factory fitt ed radio have a radio instruct ion leafl et sup­
pli ed When retrofitting a radio pay attention to the instructi ons on
page 127 in the" Do-it-yourself " sect ion.
5
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Keys
The vehicle is supplied with two keys.
These keys fit all locks on the vehicle.
Attention
When leaving the vehicle unat­
tended - even if only for a few
moments - always take the keys
with you.
Key tag
The key number is on the plastic tag. With
th e aid of the number, a replacement key
can be ordered from a Volkswagen dealer.
It must then be stated if it is the main key or
the second key
The key tag should be kept separ·
ately as keys can only be replaced
using this number.
If you sell the vehicle, you should also give
the buyer this key tag .
B1H-087 I
Key with light*
In one of the two keys there may be a
built-in light. To switch the light on, press
the cent re of the key (arrow 1)
To change battery or bulb
• Insert a coin in the slot at the side of the
key (arrow 2) and lever the upper part off.
• Change battery or bulb.
Spare batteri es and bulbs can be obtained
from Volkswagen dealers.
&... The flat battery should be dis­
~ posed of appropriately.
6
Central locking system*
When one of the front doors is locked or un­
locked w ith the key, all the other doors, the
tank flap and - depending on the position of
he t ailgate lock cylinder - the tailgate as
w el l, are locked or unlocked by the central
locking system
The centra l locking system is equipped with
a safe mechanism: Once the vehicle has
been locked from the outside, the door lock­
Ing knobs on the inside are also blocked
aft er approx. 12 seconds. This makes
breaking in diffi cult.
W hen unlocking, all the locking knobs
move upwards.
If the key is held at the open position on ve­
hicles with electric windows, all windows
wi ll open.
W hen locking all door locking knobs must
move downwards. If this does not happen,
open the door concerned again and lock by
pressing the locking knob down .
On ve hicles equipped w ith electric w in­
ows/electri c sliding roof , windows/electri c
sliding roof w hich have been left open can
be automaticall y closed when the doors are
locked. To do thi s one only needs to hold the
ey in the locking position, until all windows
and the sliding roof are completely closed.
The doors can also be locked by pushing
down the locking knobs. However, the
s fe system IS not activated when th is is
done. When the driver's door is locked all
the other doors are locked as well.
The driver's door cannot be locked by pres­
sing the locking knob down as long as the
door is open. This is to prevent you from
locking yourself out.
Notes
• If you lock the car using the ignition key
and with the driver's door open, get into the
car and shut the door, all doors are locked.
They cannot be opened from the inside or
from the outside. As soon as the ignition is
switched on, the doors are unlocked.
• If t he central locking should fail , all locks
apart from the tank flap can be operated
manually.
Releasing tank flap manually, see Page 82.
Attention
• When the vehicle is locked
from outside, no-one should re­
main in the vehicle - especially
not children - because the doors
can no longer be opened from the
inside. This applies particularly
where the vehicle has electric
windows, because then the win­
dows cannot be opened either ­
see page 10.
• If the locking knob in the
driver's door is pushed down, all
the other doors are automatically
locked as well.
• Locking the doors can prevent
them from bursting open in an
extraordinary accident situation.
Locked doors also prevent per­
sons entering the vehicle forcibly
e.g. at traffic lights. However, in
an emergency, they make it more
difficult for outside help to open
the doors.
7
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Anti-theft warning
system*
Tailgate
• When the key slot is horizontal (a) the
tailgate is locked or unlocked automatically
by the central locking system. The tallgate
can also be locked or unlocked separately
wit h the key.
• When key slot is vertical (b) the tailgate
wi ll be locked all the time after closing. It
can then only be unlocked with the key.
To unlock tailgate, insert key and turn It fully
to the right (c) Hold in this position and
press button in .
The alarm system is switched on automati­
call y when the driver's or front passenger 's
door is locked. Simply hold the key briefly in
the locking position until a warni ng light
near the driver's door locking knob fl ashes
to show that the system IS operative. The
system becomes active about 30 seconds
later.
If the warning lamp does not flash, check
the doors and tailgate and close if necess­
ary.
The alarm will be tri ggered if, with the ve­
hicle locked, one of
• the doors,
• the bonnet,
• the tailgate/boot lid
is opened or
• the ignition is switched on.
When the alarm is triggered the horn
sounds and a flashi ng signal is activated for
about 30 seconds (in Switzerland a continu­
ous note for about 30 seconds), and the en­
gine cannot be started.
The windows and sun roof* are not separ­
ately monitored.
Note
• The wami ng lamp goes out after approx.
24 hours. ThiS prevents the batt ery becom­
ing discharged when the vehicle is not used
for a long peri od
• The tailgate/boot lid can be opened sep­
arately wi th the key even w hen the system
is active. This wi ll not trigger the alarm.
When the lid is closed the luggage compart­
ment wili again be included In the alarm cir­
cu it.
• The alarm signal will be triggered a sec­
ond time if one of the protected part s of the
car is interfered w ith again aher th e alarm
si gnal has stopped (for instance if the tail­
gate/boot lid is opened after one of the
doors has been opened)
8
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Doors
From outside the front doors can be
ocked or unlocked wi th t he key.
hen unlocking, the locking knobs move
.Jp.
I the key is held in the opening posit ion in
.119 driver's door (with central locking front
passenger door also), on vehicles with elec­
-'le wi ndows all windows will be opened.
:Jhen locking, the locking knobs move
dow n.
- on vehi cl es with central locking or electric
Nlndows the key is held in the locking posi­
- on in the dri ver's door (with central locking
'ront passenger door also), windows and
:ne electric sl iding roof which have been left
open will be closed.
The f ront passenger's door and the rear
doors can be locked from outside without
Jsing the key Just press locking knob down
and close door.
-he dri ver's door cannot be locked when
:Jpen by pre ssing the locking knob down
and closing door. This prevents you from
eavi ng the key in the car and forgetting it.
From inside all t he doors can be locked by
pressing down the locking knobs.
As long as the knobs are pressed down the
doors cannot be opened from inside or out­
si de.
Attention
Locking the doors can prevent
them from bursting open in an
extraordinary accident situation.
Locked doors also prevent per­
sons from entering the car forci­
bly e.g. at traffic lights. However,
in an emergency they make it
more difficult for outside help to
open the doors.
Child-proof catch
The rear doors also have chi ld-proof
catches. When the small lever at the bot­
tom of the lock is moved down the chi ld­
proof catch is engaged. The inner lock re­
lease is inoperative and the door can only be
opened from outside. The locking knob
must be in the up position .
9
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Boot lid
To open the tailgate when key slot is hori­
zontal, press the lock cylinder and lift tail­
gate.
To close, pull tailgate down, the best way
to do this is to grip in the recess in the inner
tailgate trim, swing it down and slam it to
gently. The tailgate is locked when the key
slot is vertical (with central locking horizon­
tal)
Attention
• After closing the tailgate al­
ways pull up on it to make sure
that it is properly closed - other­
wise it could open suddenly
when vehicle is moving, even
though the key has been turned
in lock.
• The tailgate must always be
fully closed when vehicle is mov­
ing, otherwise exhaust gas will
be drawn into the vehicle in­
terior!
Electric windows*
The switches are arranged as follows:
• In driver's door handle: Two switches for
the two front windows.
• One switch in door pull of front passen­
ger's door and rear doors.
• In the centre console above the ciga­
rette li ghter:
Two switches for the rear windows and a
safety switch (A), which puts the switches
In the rear doors out of action.
The windows function with t he ignition
switched on.
If the igniti on is switched off and t he driver's
door clos ed, the wi ndows can still be oper­
ated for about ten minutes.
For safety reasons, the single-t ouch clos­
i n g ~ of the driver' s door window only f unc­
ti ons when the ignition is on.
10
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
-I windows can be opened automatically
o ~ touching the lower part of the appropri­
ate switch.
< the appropriate switch is tapped once
aga in, the window will stop immediately
.... wi ndows can be closed by pressing the
_oper part of the appropriate switch. On ve­
cl es wit h single-touch closing* of the
qver's door window, to close the window
-: IS suffici ent to touch the switch while the
gnltion is on. If the switch is touched again,
e window will stop immediately
- he windows can also be closed or opened
cent rally To do this, the key in the driver's
door lock (or in t he front passenger door
lock as well if a centralized locking system
's f itted) must be held in the locking/unlock­
ng position
Attention
• Be careful when closing the
windows!
Careless or uncontrolled closing
of the windows can cause in­
juries.
Therefore
- if necessary put the rear win­
dows out of action with the
safety switch (A).
- when leaving the vehicle, al­
ways take the ignition key with
you. However the window mo­
tors are only put out of action if
the driver's door is opened.
If the vehicle has been locked
from the outside, nobody should
remain in the vehicle as the win­
dows cannot be opened, even in
an emergency. This is the case es­
pecially for vehicles with central
locking, as the doors cannot be
opened from the inside either ­
see page 7.
11
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Mirrors
Adjusting mirrors
The rear view mirrors should always be ad­
justed properly before moving off so that
good vision to the rear is obtained.
Anti-dazzle inside mirror
The lever on the lower edge of the mirror
shou ld be pointing to the rear when the
basic setting is made.
To set the anti-dazzle position, push lever
forwards .
Exterior mirrors controlled mechan­
ically from inside are adjusted wi th the
knob in the door trim panel.
Electrically adjustable mirrors· are
set by moving the knob in the dri ver's door
trim .
By pressing the two lower buttons L or R
switches to the left or right mirror.
If the electrical control of the mirror fails at
any time the mirrors can be adjusted man­
ually by pressing on the edge of the mirror
surface.
Mirror heating *
The electrically operated outside mirrors are
heated as long as the heated rear Wi ndow
is switched. on.
Note for vehicles with convex or as­
pherical outside mirrors •
Convex (curved outwards) mirrors enlarge
the fi eld of vi ew but they make objects look
smaller. These mirrors make it difficult to
est imate how far away a following veh icl e
IS .
Aspherical outer mirrors have a mirror
surface vlfi th different curvature. This wide­
angle mi rror increases the area of vis ion
e en more so than conventional convex
mirrors. Their usefulness is also limi ted
" hen Judgi ng the distance to vehicles ap­
proaching from behind.
12
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Seat belts
Why have seat belts?
It has been proven that seat belts
give good protection in accidents. In
most countries therefore the wear­
ing of seat belts is required by law.
Attention
• The belts should be put on be­
fore every journey - even in town
traffic. This also applies to the
rear seats.
Pregnant women too should al­
ways wear a seat belt.
• The routing of the belt is of
major importance to the protec­
tive effect of the belt. How the
belt should be worn is described
on the next pages.
How childr en can be carried safel y in the ve­
hicle is explained on page 21 .
In case of a frontal collision accident, occu­
pants w ho are not belted up are thrown for­
wards and collide with parts of the vehicle
interior, e.g steering wheel, instrument
panel or w indscreen.
The widespread opinion that you can pro­
tect your body with your hands in the event
of a light accident is not corr ect. Even at low
speeds of coll ision, forces which cannot be
deflected act on the body.
It is also important that occupants sitting on
the rear seat are belted in, as they can also
be th rown through the vehicle in t he event
of an accident. Somebody sitting on the rear
seat and not using a seat belt is endangering
not only himself, but also the occupants of
the front seats.
13
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~
General notes
• The belt must not be twisted.
• Two persons (including children)
must never be secured with one belt.
• The belts give maximum prot ection only
in the correct seat position - see page 25.
• The belt should not be worn over hard or
breakable articles (glasses, bal l pens etc.)
because this can cause injury to the body.
• Loose, bulky clothing (e.g. overcoats
over Jackets) affect s the fit and funct ion of
the belts.
• The lock tongue may only be inserted
into the lock part belonging to the appropri­
ate seat otherwise, the protective effect is
impaired.
• The belts must be kept clean otherwise
the redactors may not work properly (see
also" Care of car" section)
• The slot for the belt tongue must not be
blocked with paper or anything similar,
otherwise the tongue cannot engage
properly.
• Seat belts which have become damaged
or have been stressed in an accident and
stretched must be renewed - preferably by
a Volkswagen dealer. The anchorages
shoul d also be checked.
• In some export countries seat belts
could be used on w hi ch the functions differ
from those described on the next pages.
Three-point inertia reel belts
The inerti a reel belt gives compl ete free­
dom of movement when pul[ed slowly.
Sudden braking however will cause the belt
to lock.
The mechanism w il [ also lock the belt when
accelerati ng, dri ving down st eep gradients
or cornering.
The backrests of the front seats
must not be inclined too far t o t he
rear or the belts are no longer f ull y
effecti ve.
14
L-___________________________________________________ ~ ~ _
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Putting 3-point belt on
Pull the tongue slowly and smoothly across
the chest and hips and push it into the lock
part fitted on the seat unti l the tongue en­
gages audible (pull to check)
The shoulder part of belt must run
roughly across the centre of the
shoulder as shown in the left-hand
illustration - on no account against
the neck - and be firmly in contact
with the body.
T he lap part of belt must always fit
tightly across the pelvis. If necess­
ary, pull the belt tight.
With the aid of the belt height adjust­
ment the routing of the shoulder belt for
the front seats/outer rear seats * can be set
to fit the body properl y.
• To adJUSt. push button with relay fitting
up or down so that the shoulder part of belt
runs roughly across the centre of t he shoul­
der as shown in the left-hand illustration ­
on no account against the neck.
• Aft er adjusting, jerk belt to check that
the rel ay fitting is properly engaged.
Note
The seat height adjustment' can also be
used to adjust belt routing on front seats.
Pregnant women too should always
wear a seat belt.
Particularly in the case of pregnant
women, the lap part of the belt
should be as low across the pelvis as
possible so that no pressure is ex­
erted on the abdomen.
Taking 3-point belt off
To release the belt, press the orange-co­
loured button in the lock. The tongue will
then spring out.
Pass the tongue towards the door by hand
so that the retractor can roll the belt up
properl y. A plastic knob in t he belt holds the
tongue in a convenient position.
15
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Lap belt
The centre place on the rear seat is fitted
with a lap belt.
Th e belt lock is used in the same way as on
the three-point inertia reel belts.
For safety reasons a lap belt not being used
shou ld be connected to the lock part.
The lap belt must always fit tightly
across the pelvis, if necessary, pull
the belt tight.
To lengthen belt hold the tongue at right
angles to belt and pull belt through to the re­
quired length - see illustration.
The belt is easier to adjust if tongue and cap
are pressed together.
To shorten belt it is only necessary to pull
the free end of belt.
The surplus belt length is taken up by mov­
Ing the plastic slide.
16
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Belt holder*
Front
The belt holder (also backrest release lever)
holds the belt in a handy position on 2 door
veh icl es.
Before releasing the backrest t he belt must
oe unhooked. After folding back the
backrest the belt should be hooked onto the
holder again so that it is always in a handy
positi on .
Rear
To prevent ratt ling noi ses or damage to
belts, on 4 door vehi cles the belt tongue
should be inserted into the slot in the side
panel trim (centre ill ustration) or on 2 door
vehicles placed behind the retaine rs next to
the backrest (right illustrat ion)
17
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Airbag-System*
Vehicles with Airbag System for the
driver and passenger can be recognized by
an inscription "AI RBAG" on the steering
wheel padded plate and on the right end of
the dash panel.
Supplementary to the three point
seat belts the Airbag System offers
additional protection for the driver's and
passenger's head and chest In a serious
frontal collision.
Apart from its normal protective function
the seat belt also has the task of keeping the
driver or passenger in such a position so
that the Airbag can offer maximum protec­
tion in the case of a frontal collision.
The Airbag system will not be trig­
gered for:
• Side collisions
• Rear collisions
• Rol ling-over
• Minor frontal collisions
Therefore the seat belts should al­
ways be used not only for reasons of
statutory regulations, but also for
safety reasons!
Essentially the system consists of
• The electronic control and monitoring
unit
• Both airbags (air sack with gas gener­
ator) with gas generator for the:
- Driver (in steering wheel),
- Passenger (in right of dash panel)
• A warning lamp in the dash panel - see
page 49.
The functional readiness of the Airbag
System is electronically monitored.
Each time the ignition is switched on the
warning lamp lights for about 3 seconds
(self diagnosis).
The system has a fault, if
• When swi tching on the ignition the
warn ing lam p does not light.
• After switching on the ignition the warn­
ing lam p does not extinguish after about 3
seconds
• The warning lamp comes on or fli ckers
duri ng the Journey.
Attention
When a fault is present the sys­
tem should be checked by a
Volkswagen dealer immediately.
Otherwise there is the danger
that the Airbag will not be acti­
vated in the case of an accident.
18
----------------------------------
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT

I 81H- 143 I
Function
The Airbag System is so designed that it wil l
be triggered during a serious frontal colli­
slon.
The range in which the system will be trig­
gered is shown in the left-hand illustration.
If the system is triggered, the air sacks fill
with propellant gas and unfolds in front of
t he driver and passenger.
When plunging into the f ully inflated air sack
(see right-hand illustration) the forwards
movement of the front seat occupants will
be cushioned and the risk of injury to head
and upper body reduced.
Special openings in the air sack allow a con­
trolled exit of gas when under load from the
occupants, and therefore after an accident
the air sac k will have emptied to the point
that forward vision is again possible
The Airbag inflates in a split second to be
able to offer additional protection during an
acc ident.
Attention
It is therefore important to main­
tain a certain distance from the
steering or instrument panel so
that the front seat occupants
have the best possible effective
protection if the system is trig­
gered. The front seats should
also always be correctly adjusted
according to the height of the
occupant (see 25).
Notes
• On vehicles whi ch do not have an airbag,
a driver'S ai rbag can be retrofitted on al l Golf
models manufactured from 1991. Volks­
wagen dealers have the necessary informa­
tion .
• If the vehicle or individual parts of the Air­
bag System is scrapped one must always
observe the relevant va lid safety regula­
tions. Volkswagen dealers are familiar w ith
these regulations.
19
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Attention
A child seat in which the child
sits with its back to the direction
of travel may only be used if the
passenger-side Airbag has been
deactivated. Serious injuries
could otherwise occur to the
child.
Ask your Volkswagen dealer
about the conversion.
As soon as the child seat is no longer
needed, the passenger-side Airbag
should again be made operational.
Attention
• The steering wheel padded
plate and the padded surface of
the airbag module on the passen­
ger side of dash panel must not
be bonded or covered or re­
worked in any other way. It must
only be cleaned with a dry cloth
or a cloth damped with water.
• No modifications of any kind
may be undertaken on the parts
of the Airbag System.
• All work on the Airbag System
as well as removing and instal­
ling system parts due to other re­
pair work e.g. removing steering
wheel) should only be carried out
by Volkswagen dealers.
• The protective function of the
Airbag System is only sufficient
for one accident. If the Airbag is
activated, the system must be ex­
changed.
• No other persons, animals or
articles should be carried be­
tween the front-seat occupants
and the effective range of the
Airbag.
• If you sell the vehicle, please
pass on this Instruction Manual
to the new owner.
20
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Safety for children
Children under 12 years of age
should normally travel on the rear
seat
1
). Depending upon their age,
height and weight, they must be pro­
tected with either a child restraint
system or the seat belt provided. For
reasons of safety, the child restraint
system should be fitted in the
middle of the bench seat or behind
the passenger seat.
Attention
Children under 1.50 m (5') tall
must not use normal seat belts
without the child restraint sys­
tem. This could cause injury to
the stomach and neck.
Observe any statutory regul ations to the con­
rary.
Only officially approved ch ild restraint sys­
tems w hi ch are suit abl e for the child should
be used.
The ECE-R 21 standard 44 applies to child re­
straint systems. This categorizes restraint
systems Into four classes:
Cla ss 0: 0-10 kg
(approx to 9 months)
Class 1 9-18 kg
(approx. 8 months to 4 years)
Class 2: 15-25 kg
(approx. 3 to 7 yea rs)
Class 3: 22- 36 kg
(approx 6 to 12 years)
Child restraint systems tested according to
ECE-R standard 44 are clearly marked w ith
the ECE-R test mark 44 (capital E in a Circle,
with test number below) .
Class 0
For babies up to approx. 9 months/10 kg
Most suitable are those which ca n be ad­
Justed to the lYing position (see Ill ustration)
2) Econom ic Co mi ssion of Europe regulat ion
Attention
A child seat in which the child
sits with its back to the direction
of travel may only be used if the
passenger-side Airbag has been
deactivated. Serious injuries
could otherwise occur to the
child.
Ask your Volkswagen dealer
about the conversion.
As soon as the child seat is no longer
needed, the passenger-side Airbag
should be put back into operation by
your Volkswagen dealer.
21
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Class 1
For babies and small chi ldren up to approx.
4 years/18 kg. Best sui ted are chil d seats
wi th safety board or chi ld seats in which the
chil d faces backwards.
Attention
A child seat in which the child
sits with its back to the direction
of travel may only be used if the
passenger-side Airbag has been
deactivated. Serious injuries
could otherwise occur to the
child.
Ask your Volkswagen dealer
abut the conversion.
As soon as the child seat is no longer
needed, the passenger-side Airbag
should be put back into operation by
your Vol kswagen dealer.
Class 2
Fo chil dren up to approx. 7 years/25 kg.
Best sUited are child seat s combined with
3-point safety belt s.
Attention
The shoulder belt must lay across
the middle of the shoulder - on no
account on the neck - and the
upper body. The lap belt must sit
across the pelvis - not across the
stomach.
22
CONTROLS AND EQUI PMENT
Class 3
=or children from approx. 7 years - less t han
i .50 m/5' tall. Most suited are seat cushions
combined with the 3-point seat belts.
Attention
The shoulder belt must lay across
the middle of the shoulder-on no
account on the neck - and the
upper body. The lap belt must sit
across the pelvis - not across the
stomach.
Children more than 1.50 m/5' tall can use
"lle seat belt s fitted without seat cushions.
Attention
On no account should children,
even small babies, travel sitting
on somebody's lap.
When using the belt the section "Seat
belts" should also be noted.
Notes
• We recommend that child restraint sys­
tems from the genuine accessory range of
the Volkswagen dealers are used. Here, re­
straint systems for all age groups are of­
fered under the name "Bobsy"l l. These
systems f ulf il all the requirements men­
ti oned and over and above thi s, have been
developed and tested by us for use ill Volks­
wagen vehicles.
I) Not in all export markets
Attention
• Particular care is required if
child restraint systems are used,
which are bolted on together
with the belts fitted in t he ve­
hicle. The bolts must be screwed
into the hole for the complete
nominal length and tightened to
40Nm.
• The seat belts must be
checked for correct routing. Fur­
thermore, the belt must not be
able to be damaged by sharply
edged fittings.
• Only one child may be belted in
usi ng a child restraint system.
• For the installation and use,
attenti on must be paid t o t he legal
regulations and the instructions of
the restrai nt system manufacturer.
23
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Head restraints*
B1H-168 I
The head restraints are height adjustable
and should be set to suit the size of the per­
son in the seat. Correctly adjusted head re­
straints together with the seat belts offer ef­
fective prot ecti on. The front head restraints
can also be adjusted for rake.
Adjusting height
• Grip sides of head restraint with both
hands and pull up or push dow n.
• The best protection is obtained when
the upper edge of res traint is roughly at eye
level.
Note
Th e front head restra ints can be pulled ou t
an additional 20 mm using slightly more ef­
fort.
Removing and installing
Front head restraints
Using a screwdri ver push spring clips side­
ways out of the guide rings in the backrest.
Pull out head restraint.
To refit first push the spring clips into guide
rings so that the straight leg of the cl ip is at
the front. Then push the head restraint rods
into the guides until they are heard to en­
gage.
Recaro sports seat head restraints
Pull paddi ng apart, press the two springs
(arrow) on the guides simultaneously fo r­
w ards and have a second person pul l head
restraint out.
When installing f irst insert head restraint
and then adjust height.
24
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Front seats
Rear head restraints
=>ress button on guide ring and pul l head re­
s-rai nt out upwards.
- 0 refi t, insert head restraint rods as far as
ossible into guides. When doi ng this it is
~ o t necessary to press the button.
Note
On vehicles without rear head restraints it
5 possibl e t o retrofi t them without excess-
e expenditure - Vol kswagen dealers have
-'"'e necessary information.
The correc t adjustment of the seats is im­
portant for
- reaching the controls safely and qui ckly
- relaxed low-fatigue body positi on
- maximum protection from the
seat belts and the Airbag System_
Attention
• For this reason, the front seats
should not be pushed too close to
the steering wheel or the instru­
ment panel.
• Feet should remain in the foot­
well when the vehicle is moving
- never resting on the instrument
panel or seats_
I B1H-012 I
1 - To move seat backwards and
forwards
Li ft lever and move seat. Then release lever
and move seat fu rther so that the catch en­
gages
The driver's seat should be adjusted so that
the pedals can be full y depressed with the
legs slightl y angled.
Attention
For safety reasons the driver's
seat must only be moved back­
wards or forwards when vehicle
is stationary_
25
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
2 - Adjusting backrest angle
Take weight off backrest and turn knob.
The backrest of the driver's seat shou ld be
adjusted so that the top of the steering
wheel can be reached wi th the arms angled
sli ghtly.
Attention
Do not lower the backrest too far
when on the move because the
seat belts are then no longer fully
effective.
3 - Releasing backrest
(2 door vehicl es only)
Lift the lever (also bel t holder) and move the
backrest forward. Before releasing the
backrest pull belt out of the belt holder (see
page 17).
Attention
For safety reasons, ensure that
the backrest lock is engaged
when the vehicle is moving!
4 - Adjusting angle of the seat
cushion*
If the angle of the seat cushion is to be
changed, pull lever up and bring seat
cushion to the desired angle by placing
more or less weight on the backrest.
5 - Adjusting seat height*
Take weight off seat cushion and pull up
lever. The whole seat cushion moves up­
wards. To adjust the seat cushion down­
wards, push seat downwards wi th body
weight.
Attention
• For safety reasons the height
of the driver's seat must only be
adjusted when vehicle is station­
ary.
• Be careful when adjusting the
seat height! Careless and uncon­
trolled adjustment can cause in­
juries.
6 - Adjusting lumbar support
By turning the hand-wheel the seat padding
in the lumbar area of the spine can be made
to arch forward slightly. This gives effective
support to the natural curvature of the spine
so that t he sitting posi ti on is less fat igui ng,
particul arly on long trips
26
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT

Rear seat
- ncrease the size of the luggage area the
ar seat can be folded forward; on vehi cles
-h split rear seat the two parts can be
oved separately.
rear head rest raints " should be re­
before folding the backrests down­
see page 24.
- 0 prevent damage, the front seats must be
sltioned beforehand so that the rear seat
not contact the front seats w hen the
-r-2 rear seat is folded forward.
Fol ding seat forward
On the saloon lift seat cushion slightly
the loop and pul l forwar d onto stop
:::- ow 1) Then fold cushion forward (arrow
_ - see left illustration.
• On the Estate lift seat cushion by the
loop (arrow 3) and fold forward - see centre
Illustrat ion.
• On both saloon and estate, pu ll release
knob (on the one piece back rest both knobs
simultaneously) in the rear seat back rest in
directi on of arrow (4) - see centre il lustra­
tion - and fold back rest forward - see flght­
hand ill ustration.
Fol ding seat back
Sa loon and estate
• First fold back rear seat backrest.
• Fold back seat cushion.
On t he saloo n, push seat cushion to rear
unti l it engages When doing this hold up the
centre seat belt, ot herwise the belt w il l be
wedged between the backres and seat
cushion and then cannot be used.
Attention
The rear seat backrest must be
properly engaged so that arti cles
in the luggage area cannot slide
forward if the brakes are applied
suddenly.
27
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Luggage compartment
In the interests of good handling ensure that
the load (persons and luggage) is distributed
evenly. Heavy items should always be car­
ried as near to the rear axle as possible or
better still, between the axles. The per­
missible axle and gross weights
must on no account be exceeded ­
see page 143.
Attention
• It should be noted that when
transporting heavy items the
handling will change due to the
displacement of the centre of
gravity. Driving style and speed
must be altered to suit.
• The load must be stowed so
that no items of luggage can fly
forward if brakes are applied
suddenly.
One should ensure that
- the heater element wires in the rear win­
dow are not damaged by articles rubbing
against them and
- the ventilation slots in the luggage com­
partment side trim * are not covered.
Attention
Never drive with the tailgate not
properly closed as exhaust gas
can then be drawn into the ve­
hicle interior.
On the estate, four eyelets are provided in
the luggage compartment for securing
items of luggage. These are accessible
through small flaps in the covering of the
luggage compartment f loor.
The two front eyelets are also used to se­
cure the mesh partition - see next page.
28
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
esh partition* (Estate)
e mesh part it ion prevents light articles of
'99age and dogs from being thrown for­
ard when brakes are applied suddenly or
~ an accident.
I nstalling
- "e part ition can be installed either behind
"9 rear seat s or behind the front seats. For
"'a::h position there are two upper and two
~ ver securing points:
Attaching at the top
~ : ) I d t he flaps in the opposing roof trims up,
5ert the upper cross bar on one side into
• e recess in the roof and press forward
5' ght ly.
Then place the other side of the bar in the
roof reinforcement and push forward
slightly Subsequently fold flaps (A and 8)
down again - see left-hand illustration.
Attaching at the bottom
Depending on fittings, hook the t wo straps
on the lower cross bar into the t wo front
eyelets in the luggage compartment floor
(see previous page) or onto the bars on the
vehicle floor in front of the rear seat - see
right-hand illustration . Ten sion straps by pul­
ling the ends.
Removing
To take the partition off first loosen the
straps . To do this it is only necessary to
press the button marked "PRESS" in the
belt tensioner and pull the released strap
until the hook can be detached at the bot­
tom.
Open the flaps and then pull the upper cross
bar backward slightly, first at one end, then
at the other, and remove from the recesses.
The upper recesses can be closed with the
flaps when not in use.
29
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Luggage compartment cover / Folding/sliding cover*
Articles of clothing can be placed on the lug­
gage compartment cover.
Attention
Do not place heavy hard articles
on the luggage compartment
cover or folding/sliding cover ­
they could endanger the vehicle
occupants or damage the fold­
ing/sliding cover if the brakes are
applied suddenly_
Furthermore, the heater element wires in
the heated rear window could be damaged
by articles rubbing against them.
The folding/sliding cover can be pushed to­
gether to the front or rear.
When the tailgate of the saloon is opened,
the luggage compartment cover is also
lifted.
If large items of luggage are to be carried,
the cover can be removed:
Saloon
• Unhook retaining cords fro m the tail­
gate.
• Pull cover to rear out of the retainers ­
see arrows in left-hand illustration.
When removed, the luggage compartment
cover can be stored behind the rear seat
backrest:
- Unlatch rear seat backrest and fold for­
wards slight ly.
- Place the cover vertically between the
back rest and the wheel housing, with
the upper side to the front and the retain­
ing straps at the bottom. Secu re back­
rest.
• When installing, sli de the cover forward
into the side retainers and hook the retain­
ing cords onto tail gate.
Estate
• Press the two front locking fl aps in the
side consoles forwards (arrow 1 in right­
hand ill ustration).
• Pull folding/sliding cover backward and
out of the consoles (arrow 2) I n so doing,
dislodge th e front/rear cross bar of the
cover with a qUick jerk.
• When instal ling the folding/sliding cover,
push the front cross bar of the cover for­
ward and the rear cross ba r backward until
they engage securely.
30
CONTROLS AND EaUIPMENT
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ - - -
Pedals
- _ movement of the pedals must never be
~ S ncted.
::- thIs reason, do not put articles in the
' 00 well which cou ld roll or slide under­
-3ath the pedals.
-< round the pedal area there should not be
,,'l foot mats or other additional floor cover­
llaterials :
• In the case of defects on the brake sys­
'em, a greater pedal travel may be necess­
a ,
t should always be possible to depress
-"'e clutch and accelerator pedals full y.
Al l pedals must be able to return, unhin-
Jered, to their rest positions. .
=or t hese reasons, the only foot mats which
e
'Y'\ ay be used are those which leave the
edal area compl ete ly free and which are
prevented from sli pping.
' 11
Hand brake
To apply the handbrake pull lever up firmly.
On hills t he 1 st gear, or with automatic gear­
box the parking lock, should also be en­
gaged. The handbrake should always be ap­
plied so fir mly that it is not possible to drive
inadvertentl y with the handbrake on.
W hen handbrake is applied with the ignition
on, the brake warning lam p* comes on.
To release handbrake, pull lever up sli ghtly,
press locking knob in and push lever right
dow n.
Manual gearbox
• Only engage reverse gear when vehicle
is st ationary With the engine is running, de­
press clutch fully and wait a few seconds
before moving gear lever. Thi S prevents
grating noi ses.
When reverse gear is engaged with ignition
on , the reversing lights come on.
Note
When driving you should not rest your hand
on t he gear lever. The pressure of your hand
is transmitted to the selector forks In the
gearbox and can cause premature wear on
the forks .
31
Automatic gearbox*
Driving programmes
The gearbox control unit is equipped with
two driving programmes:
• Sport programme
• Economy programme
The programme is selected automati­
cally depending on operation of the accel­
erator pedal.
The sport programme is selected if the
accelerator pedal is operated rapidly. In this
case the accelerator pedal need not be de­
pressed to the point of kick-down (see Page
33) . In the sport programme, full use is
made of the engine's power reserves
through delayed change to higher gear
The economy programme is selected
when the accelerator, pedal is operated
slowly or normall y. Fuel consumption is re­
duced by changing early into higher gear
and later into lower.
Selector lever lock
In positions "P" and " N" with the ignition
swi tch on the selector lever is locked . To
move the selector lever out of these posi­
tions the brake pedal must be depressed
and the selector lever button pushed in .
This prevents a gear being engaged inadver­
tently and the vehi cle unintentional ly mov­
ing off .
A delay circuit prevents the selector lever
f rom locking when it is moved quickly past
the" N" position (for Instance from" R" to
" D" ) This enables for example the vehicle
to be " rocked" out of a "bogged down "
position The shift lock only locks the selec­
tor lever if it is left in the " N" position for
more than about 1 second without the
brake pedal being depressed.
At speeds above 5 km/h the selector lever
is automatically switched-off in position
"N".
Selector lever positions
P - Parking lock
The driving wheels are locked mechanically
The parking lock may only be engaged
when the vehicle is stationary. Before mov­
ing the lever in or out of the" P" position the
lock button in the selector lever handle
must be pressed. Before moving the selec­
tor lever out of the" P" pOSition, the brake
pedal must also be depressed w hen the
ignition is switched on .
R - Reverse gear
The reverse gear should only be engaged
when the vehicle is stationary and wit h the
engine idling. Before engaging the position
"R" from the positions "P" or " N" the
brake pedal must be depressed and the lock
button in the selector lever handl e must
also be pressed.
The reversing lights come on then the se­
lector lever is in the "R" position with the
ignition switched on.
N - Neutral (i dling position)
To move the lever out of neutral when sta­
tionary or at speeds below 5 km/h and with
ignition switched on depress the brake
pedal and press the lock button in the selec­
tor lever handle.
32
___________ AND EQUIPMENT
D - Normal driving position
- e four forward gears are shifted up and
automatically depending upon engine
:lad and road speed.
Jnder certain dri ving condit ions it is advan­
--"geous to engage one of the following de­
s"ri bed selector lever positions.
3 - Position for hilly regions
ne 1st, 2nd and 3rd gears are shifted up
a'1d down automatically depending upon
load, road speed and selected pro­
gramme (E or S) The 4th gear IS not en­
;}aged. This increases the engine braking ef­
-eel when the accelerator pedal is released.
- hi s selector positi on is recommended in
5. uations where the gearbox alternates fre­
quently between 3rd and 4th gears in the
D" position.
2 - Position for steep hills
- his selector lever position is sUitable for
ng climbs and descents.
The 1 st and 2nd gears are shifted up and
down automatically depending on engine
load and road speed . The 3rd and 4th gears
are not engaged in order to avoid unnecess­
ary gear changes. This further increases the
engine braking effect on deceleration .
1 - Position for very steep hills
This selector lever position is recom­
mended for very steep climbs and de­
scents.
To engage this gear, the lock button in the
selector lever handle must be pressed in.
The vehicle only moves in 1st gear. The 2nd,
3rd and 4th gears are not engaged. Maxi ­
mum possible engine braking effect is now
available.
The cruise control * cannot be used in posi­
tion "1".
Note
When changing down manually the selector
lever can be moved into the lower gear posi­
tion, but the automatic will not change
down until it is no longer possible to over­
rev the engine.
Kick-down device
The kick-down device gives maximum ac­
celeration. When the accelerator pedal is
pressed righ t down past the fu ll throttle
position, depending on road speed and en­
gine speed, the box changes down into a
lower gear. The shift up into the next higher
gear then takes place as soon as the maxi­
mum specified engine speed is reached.
Notes on driving
Starting
The engine can onl y be started when selec­
tor lever is at "N" or "P". See also " Starting
engine" on page 36 .
Selecting a driving range
When the vehicle is stationary and
the engine is running always de­
press the foot brake when selecting
a gear.
When the vehicle is stationary do
not depress the accelerator when
selecting a gear.
If the lever is moved accidentally
into "Nu when driving, release ac­
celerator and let the engine speed
drop to idling before selecting a for­
ward gear again.
33
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
• Attention
• When the engine is running it
is necessary to hold the vehicle
with the foot brake in all gears.
Because with an automatic gear­
box the transfer of power is not
fully interrupted even at idling
speed - and the vehicle tends to
"creep" .
If a driving range is selected
while the vehicle is stationary,
the throttle must on no account
be opened (e.g. by hand from in­
side the engine compartment).
The vehicle can then start mov­
ing, possibly even when the hand
brake is applied.
Before working on a running en­
gine, ensure that selector lever is
in position "p" and thatthe hand­
brake is applied.
Moving off
Select driving range (R, 0, 3, 2, 1) Wait
until the gearbox has shifted and the
power flow is made to the driving
wheels (light selection jerk perceptible).
Then one can accelerate.
Stopping
To stop vehicle temporarily such as at traffic
lights, it is only necessary to apply the
brakes. It is not necessary to move selector
lever to "N". The engine should however
on ly be running at idling speed.
Parking
On level ground all you need do is engage
the parking lock. On a gradient the hand­
brake should be applied firmly first and then
the parking lock engaged. This will ensure
that the locking mechanism is not too heav­
ily loaded and makes the lock easier to dis­
engage.
Tow starting
On vehicles with automatic gearbox the en­
gine cannot be started by towing or pushing
the vehicle. See page130 .
When the battery is flat. the engine can be
started from the battery of another vehicle
by using jumper cables See" Emergency
start ing", page 128.
Towing
If the vehicle has to be towed at any time,
you must read the instructions in the sec­
tion "Towing/tow starting on page 129.
Emergency programme
If functional defects occur in the electronic
system the gearbox can, amongst other
things, carry on operating in two emergency
programmes:
• The gearbox continues to change up and
down automatically as before but hard shift
jerks are however noticeable. The vehicle
should be taken to a Volkswagen dealer.
• The gearbox no longer changes up and
down automatically.
The gearbox can then be shifted manuall y
but in the selector lever positions "0", " 3"
and "2" only the 3rd gear is avai lable.
I n selector lever positions " 1 " and " R", the
1 st and reverse gears are available as nor­
mal .
However, the converter must. due to the
absence of 2nd gear work harder, and under
certain circumstances this causes the con­
verter to overheat. In a case such as this the
vehicle should be taken, as soon as poss­
ible, to a Volkswagen dealer.
34
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Height adjustable
steering wheel*
- ne steering wheel height can be adjusted
as required. To do thi s pull the lever on the
:::1 of t he steering column down and move
- ~ e wheel to the desired position
Attention
For safety reasons, the lever
must then be pressed fully up
again, so that the steering wheel
position cannot move while ve­
hicle is moving.
Ignition lock
Petrol engines
1 - Ignition off - Steering can be
locked
2 - Ignition on
3 - Starting engine
Diesel engines
1 - Fuel supply cut off! engine
stopped, steering can be locked
2 - Glow and drive position
No other current co nsumers should be
sw itched on together w ith the glow plugs ­
this aVOids draining the battery unnecessar­
il y.
3 - Starting engine
For all vehicles:
Position 1:
To lock the steering wheel withdraw
key and turn wheel unti l you hear the lock­
ing pin engage
Attention
Do not withdraw key from lock
until vehicle is stationary! The
steering lock could be uninten­
tionally engaged.
Position 2:
If the key is difficult to turn in the lock or can­
not be turned to this position at all, the steer­
ing wheel must be rocked to and fro slightly
to release the locking pin.
Position 3:
In this position the headli ghts and other
heavy current consumers are switched off.
Before the starter can be operated again the
key must be turned back to position 1. The
non-repeat mechanism in the ignition lock
prevents the starter from being operated
w hen engine is ru nning, as this could dam­
age the starter.
35
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMEN-=-T-=------___
Starting the engine
General hints
Attention
When starting the engine in con­
fined spaces there is a danger of
poisoning.
• Before starting, move gear lever to neu·
tral (with automatic gearbox: Selector lever
in "P" or"N" position) and apply handbrake
fi rmly
• On vehicles with a manual gearbox de­
press the clutch pedal when operating
starter so that starter only has to turn en­
gine.
• As soon as engine starts, release the
ignition key so that starter can disengage.
• After starting a cold engine It may sound
noisy for a moment or two because the 011
pressure has to build up in the hydraulic
tappets first. This is normal and no cause for
alarm .
~ Do not warm engine up by run­
~ ning it with vehicle stationary.
Drive off straight away.
Do not overrev or use full throttle until the
engine has reached the normal operati ng
temperature.
• On vehicles with a catalytic con­
verter the engine must not be
started by towing the vehicle in ex·
cess of 50 m. Otherwise unburnt
fuel can pass into the converter and
lead to damage.
• Before trying to start engine by
towing, the battery from another ve·
hicle should be used for starting if
possible - see page 128.
Petrol engines
These engines are equipped with a petrol in­
jection system that automatical ly supplies
the correct fuel/air mixture at all ambient
temperatures.
When engine is cold or at operating
temperature do not accelerate before or
during the starting procedure.
If the engine does not start at once, stop
using t he starter after 10 secs. wait about
half a minute and then try again.
If the engine sti ll does not start, the electric
fuel pump fuse may have blown - see page
119.
When the engine is very hot it may be
necessary to accelerate slightly after the
engine has started.
/
36
___CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Diesel engines
Glow plug system
Ith the 47 and 66 kW Diesel engines.
sw itching to the driving position (igni­
on on ), the required glow plug warm-up
• me is Indicated by a lamp which is con­
:rolled by the coolant temperature - see
page 47 .
On he 55 kW Diesel engine the glow
plug system is automaticall y act ivated after
the driver's door. If the engine is not
subsequently started, the gl ow pl ug syst em
.111 not be acti vated by each further opening
an closing of the dri ver's door.
Cold starting aid/idling speed
boost (47 and 55 kW engines only)
- 0 facilitate starting f rom cold, there is a
cold starting device (cold starting aid) in the
nJection pump.
he cold starting device is actuated when
"'1e knob on he left of the st eerinq column
s pulled out fully. ­
fl addition, the idling speed can be in­
with the knob to reduce any vehicle
• brati on whi ch may occur.
47 and 55 kW engines
Starting a cold engine
• At ambient temperatures down to
-155C, pull the cold start knob out fully
before operating the starter .
At lower t emperatures, the knob should not
be pulled out until engine is firing reg­
ularly - the engine wi ll then start more
readily.
• Turn the key in the igniti on lock to posi­
tion 2 (see page 35) - the glow plug wa rning
lamp comes on. It goes out when the igni­
tion temperature is reached (see page 47)
While the glow plugs are working do
not switch on any other heavy cur­
rent consumers because this would
place an unnecessary load on the
battery.
• When the w arning lam p goes out, start
the engine immediately
Do not depress the accelerator while start­
ing
If the engine only fires irregul arl y, cont inue
to operate the starter a few seconds longer
(30 seconds at maximum) until the engine
runs under its own power.
If the engine does not start , switch the glow
plugs on again and try starting it again as de­
scribed. If the engine still does not start the
fuse for the glow plugs may have blown ­
page 120 .
• Push the cold start aid knob in full y as
soon as the engine has reached its normal
operating t emperature.
If vehicle vibrati on then occurs when idli ng,
the knob can be pul led out again until the en­
gine runs free of vi bration at the lowest
possible idling speed
Starting a warm engine
The glow plug lamp does not come on - the
engine can be started straight away. Do not
pull the cold start aid knob and do not press
the accelerator pedal.
37
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Stopping engine
66 kW engine
Starting a cold engine
Ambient temperature above +5 0C:
The engine can be started without pre­
glow Do not depress throttle during the
starting procedure.
Ambient temperature below +5 0C:
• Turn the key in the ignition lock to posi­
tion 2 (see page 35) - the glow plug warning
lamp comes on It goes out when the igni­
tion temperature is reached (see page 47).
While the glow plugs are working do
not switch on any other heavy cur­
rent consumers because this would
place an unnecessary load on the
battery.
• When the warning lamp goes out, start
the engine immediately
If the engine does not start, repeat preglow
and try starting it again as described. If the
engine still does not start the fuse for the
glow plugs may have blown - see page 120.
Starting a warm engine
The glow plug lamp does not come on - the
engine can be started straight away
When engine has been running fast
for a long time, let it idle for about
2 minutes so that it can cool down
slightly before being switched off.
Attention
After the engine has been
stopped the fan can continue
running for a while (up to about
10 minutes) with the ignition
switched off. It can also start to
run again suddenly after a short
time if
- the coolant temperature in­
creases due to heat build-up
- when engine is hot and the en­
gine compartment is heated
additionally by strong sun­
light .
Special care must therefore be
taken when working in the en­
gine compartment.
On vehicles with a catalytic con­
verter, the ignition must not be
switched off as long as the vehicle
is rolling with a gear engaged, other­
wise, unburnt fuel can pass into the
catalytic converter and cause dam­
age.
38
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Instruments
r;e arrangement of the instruments de­
- ~ n d s on the model concerned and the en­
'le fitted .
1 ­ Speedometer ................ 39
with service interval indicator. . 40
2 ­ Analog clock ... 41
or rev counter* ... 41
with digital clock. . . . 41
or multi-function indicator* . . 42
3 ­ Coolant temperature .. 45
4 ­ Fuel gauge . . .... 45
1 - Speedometer
Carefully read the notes on page 71.
Mileage recorder
If the word "total" appears in the mileage
display, the total mileage covered is indi­
cated.
Briefly pressing the button below the
speedometer (left arrow) will switch over to
trip recorder and the word "trip" will appear.
The fi?ure behind the comma indicates 100
m or ha mile.
If this button by the "trip" display is pressed
for longer than one second, the trip recorder
will be zeroed.
39
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
1 - Service interval display
The display appears after switching on the
ignition (engine not started) for a few sec­
onds in place of the mileage recorder in
speedometer. If no service is necessary IN
00 will be displayed.
If a service is due, the following appears in
the display for a few seconds even after
starting the engine
• 0 E: L - Engine oil change
• :n 0 : - Inspection service
• : n 02 - I nspection service with addi­
tional work
After a service has been carried out, each
service must be called up individually and
the display zeroed . If for instance the in­
spection service IN 02 with oil change is car­
ried out, the OEL, IN 01 and IN 02 must be
zeroed . The zeroing will be carried out by
the Volkswagen dealer as follows :
• The zeroing of the service interval dis­
play should only be carried out in "total"
mileage recorder mode. If the service inter­
val display is zeroed in the "trip" recorder
mode the trip recorder can be erased.
• With the ignition switched off, press and
hold the button below the speedometer
(left arrow)
• Switch off ignition and release button.
The word OEL can be seen in the display By
briefly pressing the button for adjusting the
analog clock (right arrow) or the minute but­
ton of the digital clock will zero the service.
• By again pressing the button below the
speedometer the other services will be dis­
played and can be cancelled individually
• Switch on ignition.
Notes
• Do not zero the display between the ser­
vice intervals - otherwise an incorrect read­
ing will be shown.
• If the battery is disconnected the details
in the service display are retained.
• If a defective speedometer is replaced,
the service interval display must be repro­
grammed This should be carried out by a
Volkswagen dealer. Should the display not
be reprogrammed, then the service work
must be carried out in accordance with the
Service Schedule and not according to the
service display. The service display only be­
comes valid again after an inspect ion IN 02
is carried out and the service display is
zeroed.
40
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
2 - Analog clock
- -e the time there is a button below the
_- (right arrow):
• - pressed briefly, the time is advanced
one minute.
• pressed continuously the minute hand
ss faster and the hours are set as well.
;h the button the clock can be set exactly
-he second:
• Press button until time is one mi nute be­
.,re ti me to be set.
• ress button at the moment when the
_=f'"onds indicator of an accurate clock
a full minute or when the time signal
s eard on the radio.
2-Rev counter *
- e rev counter needle must not move into
e red zone of the sca le on any account.
Changing up in good time helps
to save fuel and keeps the noise
down.
_hange down to the next lower gear before
engine starts labouring or no longer runs
l oothly.
ri ng the running-in period, high engine
' 9VS should be avoided.
2-Digital clock *
To set the time there are two buttons on
right below the re v counter. The hours are
set with the upper button (h) and the min­
utes with the lower one (min) :
• If pressed briefly, preferably w ith a ball
pen, the time changes one hour or one min­
ute.
• If pressed continuously the hours or
minutes change continuously.
With the minute button the clock can be set
exactly to the second:
• Press button until time shown by clock
is one mi nute before time to be set.
• Press button at the moment w he n the
seconds indicator of an accurate clock
shows a full minute or when the time signal
is heard on the radio.
41
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
2 - Multi function indicator *
In addition to the time display, the multi­
function indicator (MFI) gives a whole range
of additional information:
• Driving time
• Distance driven
• Average speed
• Average fuel consumption
• Engine oil temperature
• Ambient temperature
The function currently switched on - with
the exception of the time - is indicated by a
triangle on the top or bottom edge which
points to the appropriate symbol for
example the average fuel consumption is
shown in the illustration.
By repeatedly pressing button B in the
windscreen wiper lever with the ignition
switched on, the additional information is
displayed, starting with the time.
If the button B is pressed for longer than 1
sec., the function being displayed at that
time will change over automatically to the
time display.
The memories
The system is equipped with two automatic
memories:
A single journey memory collects the
following data from the time the ignition is
switched on to when it is switched off. Driv­
ing time, distance covered and fuel used.
From this data the average driving speed
and the average consumption is worked
out.
If the journey is resumed within two hours
of switching off the ignition, the new figures
are automatically included in the calcula­
tion. If the journey is interrupted for more
than two hours, the stored information is
automatically erased.
A total journey memory stores the data
from any number of individual Journeys up
to a total of 100 hours driving time, a dis­
tance of 10000 km (6214 miles) and 1000
litres (220 gallons) of fuel consumed. This
data is only used to work out the consump­
tion and speed averages for all the individual
journeys.
If one of the given figures is exceeded, the
memory is erased and calculation starts
from the beginning again. Contrary to the
single Journey memory, this memory is not
erased after a journey pause of more than
two hours.
42
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
- 0 call up the da ta th e memories are se­
acted by means of the switch A in the wiper
ever :
. - Single journey memory
2 - Total journey memory
l1e foll owi ng data can be obtained from the
memories:
• Dri ving time
• Distance driven
• Average speed
• Average fuel consumpti on
he amount of fuel used IS not indicated.
Erasing the memories
Wi t h the igniti on switched on, both mem­
ori es can be erased separately in each
switch position by pressing switch A
passed the appropri ate detente positi on to
oposition for longer than one second.
If the battery is disconnected for any rea­
son, the stored information is automaticall y
erased .
The displays
No symbol - Time
The time is shown even when the ignition
is switched off.
The time can be set wit h the buttons (h and
min) on right below the rev count er - see
"Digital Clock" page 41
G - Driving time
In switch position 1 the driving time
whi ch has elapsed since igniti on was
switched on or the memory cancelled is
indicated - see previous page also "Single
journey memory"
In switch position 2 the tot al driving
time for al l IndiVi dual journeys is ind icated­
see previous page also " Total journey mem­
ory"
The maximum time in both sw itch positions
is 99 hours 59 minutes. When thi s figure is
exceeded the indication starts at zero again.
km - Distance covered
The remarks made under "Dri ving t ime"
also aoply in principle to "Dist ance cov­
ered" ' The maximum distance indi cated is
9999 km or 6214 mi les.
km/h - Average speed
After swi tching on the ignition or erasing
the memory being used, the average speed
is indicated after a distance of about 100 m.
Up to th is point a dash appears instead of a
figure.
In switch position 1 the average speed
for the current single journey is ind icated.
In switch position 2 the average speed
indicated is that achieved during all single
journeys - see previous page "total journey
memory"
Itr./100 km - Average fuel
consumption
It is the average fuel consumpti on which is
indicated and not the momentary consump­
t ion at the time of reading. In principle the
remarks made under "average speed" also
apply here.
Note
The amount of fuel used is not indicated.
43
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
~ DC _ Engine oil temperature
Oil temperatures (within a range of + 50°C
to 160°C) are shown. When no oil tempera­
ture indication is shown, the eng ine is still
not warm, and it should not therefore be
worked hard . The engine speed should be
reduced if the oil temperature rises to
+ 145°C.
,I,
.e·DC
'1' - Ambient temperature)2)
The measuring range is from - 40°C to
+ 50°C. When the vehicle is stationary or
only moving very slowly, the indicated tem­
perature could be slight ly higher t han the
actual ambient temperature due to heat
radiation from the engine.
After switching off the ignition the last indi­
cated temperature is stored in memory for
about 45 minutes. If the ignition is switched
on after 45 minutes or the vehicle is moved
at about 30 km/h with in the 45 minute
period, a new up-to-date temperature w ill
be displayed.
Attention
If the ambient temperature read­
ing is used as an ice warning, re­
member that ice can form on the
road at temperatures above O°C.
2) On vehicles with Climatronic 1he ambient
temperature is shown in the Climatronl c dis­
play.
44
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
3 - Coolant temperature
gauge
- I<e gauge starts to work when igniti on is
5 "" tched on, but it takes a few seconds be­
-are the needle reaches its final posi ti on.
'hen ignition is switched on the warning
amp (c) lights up for a few seconds as a
-uncti onal check.
3 - Cold
high engine speeds and do not work
engine too hard yet.
b- Normal
When the is normally the
needle should settle down in the central
zone.
When engine is working hard and t he ambi­
ent temperature is high, the needle may
move a long way to the right.
This is not serious as long as the
warning lamp (c) does not flash.
c - Warning lamp
If the lamp flashes when driving, check first
what the coolant temperature is.
If the needle is in the normal zone, top the
coolant up at the next opportunity.
If the needle is over to t he right, the coolant
temperature is too hi gh. Stop. switch en­
gine off and try to determine cause of
trouble - see page 46 .
Notes
• Additional lights in front of the
radiator grille interfere with t he
flow of cooling air. At high ambient
temperatures and full there
is a danger that the engme Will then
overheat!
4 - Fuel gauge
This gauge works when ign ition is. switched
on but it takes a few seconds for the needle
to reach its fina l position.
The ta holds about
- 55 ItL (12 gallons) on the Golf saloon
- 60 Itr. (13 gallons) on the Golf estat e
- 65 Itr. (14 gallons) on the Golf syncro
When the needle reaches the start of the re­
serve zone (arrow) t here is about 7 litres (1 .5
gallons) of fuel left in the tank.
45
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Warning lamps
Attention
• Be careful when opening the
coolant expansion tank! When
the engine is hot the cooling sys­
tem is under pressure - Danger of
scalding! Let engine cool down
therefore before unscrewing the
cap_
• Do not touch the fan. The fan
can switch on suddenly - even
when ignition is switched off.
For further details see pages 98 and 98.
1 - Coolant temperaturel _ ~ _
If the coolant level is in order the trouble
Coolant level') may be due to failure of the radiator fan.
Check radiator fan fuse and renew is
The wa rni ng lamp lights up for a few sec­
necessary - see page 119.
onds as a functional check when ignition IS
coolant level . . 46 switched on.
2 - Engine oil pressure . .. . . 47 If the warning lamp does not go out al ­
If the lamp does not go out afterwards or
3 - Alternator . 47 though coolant level and fan fuse are in
flashes when driving, either the coolant
4 - Glow plugs ... 47 order, do not drive on - call in expert as­
temperature is too high or the coolant
5 - Brake system .. 48 sistance .
level
1l
too low:
6 - Brake pad wear indicator .48
If the trouble is only caused by the fan and
Stop, switch engine off and check
7 - Turn signals 48
assuming coolant level is in order and tem­
level . Add coolant if necessary .
8 - Main beam . 48
perature warning lamp is out - one can drive
on to the nearest Volkswagen dealer. In
11 Onl y 011 vehicles wi h a tomatic cool ant
order to make good use of the air stream for
level lllonitor (see page 97 l.
cooling, do not let engine idle or drive very
slowly.
he layout of the warning lamps depends on
the model and the engine fitted. The sym­
bols shown here are also on the actual
warning lamps.
1 - Coolant temperature/
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
2 - Engine oil pressure
e warning lamp flashes when ignition is
:ched on. the lamp must go out when
ne has started.
, ' Il e warning lamp does not go out or
ashes when driving - a buzzer also sounds
-' e!,gine spe,eds above 2000 rpm - stop,
switch engine off, check oil level and if
ecessary, add oil - see page 94.
- -he lamp comes on although the oil level
5 n order, do not drive on. Do not even
"'., t he engine at idling speed - call in expert

- during the Journey the engine is operated
a: a speed less than idling speed, it ca n
appen that the oil warning lamp lights up.
"crease engine speed by accelerating or
:'langing down.
Note
The oil pressure warning lamp is not
an oil level indicator. The oil level
shou.'d therefore be checked at reg,
ular Intervals, preferably every time
the fuel tank is filled.
J
3 - Alternator
The warning lamp comes on w hen the igni­
tion IS sWitched on and must go out when
the engine is started.
The alternator is driven by a long-life ribbed
belt.
If the warning lamp lights during the
Journey, stop, switch off engine and
check ribbed belt.
If ribbed belt is loose or broken, do not
drive on - the coolant pump is no longer
being driven. The ribbed belt must be
checked/renewed by the next Volkswagen
dealer.
If the ribbed belt is not loose or broken, one
can normally drive on to the next Vo lks­
wag en dea ler. However as the battery is
then discharging co ntinuously, all electrical
consumers which are not absolutely essen­
tial should be switched off.
4 - Glow plugs
(Diesel engines only)
When the engine is cold the w arning lamp
comes on when key IS turned to Drive posi­
tion (ignition on)
If the warning lamp does not come on, there
IS a defectln the glow plug system - call in
expert assistance.
When the lamp goes out, start the engine
Immediately - see page 37.
As the 55 kWDiesel engine glow period be­
gins automatically after closing the drivers'
door, It can happen that after switching to
the driving position (Ignition on) with a cold
engine, that the glow plug warning lamp
does not light up. The engine can be started
straight away
When the engine is warm the glow plug
lamp does not come on - the engine ca n be
started straight away
Note
If while driving a fault occurs in the engine
management system of the 66 kW Diesel
engine, this is indicated by a flashing warn­
Ing lamp The engine must be checked by a
Volkswagen dealer as soon as possible.
47
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
5 - Brake system
(CD)
The warning lamp* co mes on when
• the handbrake is on
• the brake fluid level is too low
The ignition must be switched on.
Attention
If the lamp does not go out when
handbrake is released or comes
on when driving, the fluid level in
the reservoir is too low. Immedi­
ately contact a Volkswagen
dealer and have the brake system
examined.
You can drive on carefully to the
nearest Volkswagen dealer but
allow for higher pedal pressures
and longer braking distances on
the way.
I
6 - Brake pad wear
I
,
'0'
,
indicator*
The wa rning lamp lights up for one second
when the ignition is swi tched on as a func­
tiona l check.
If the lamp then does not go out or it lights
up during the Journey, the front brake pads
are worn. You should visit a Volkswagen
dealer to have the brake pads checked.
As the brake pad wear indicator only moni­
tors the front brake pads, we recommend
that you have the rear brake linings
checked as well .
7 - Turn signals
The warning lamp flashes when turn signals
are sWitched on. If a turn signal fails, the
warning lamp flashes tw ice as fast. (Not
w hen towing a trailer)
Further details are given on pages 49
and 53.
8 - Main beam
The warning lamp comes on when the main
beam is on or when the headlight flasher is
used.
48
----
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Q 1 ~ Trailer turn signals
(8 ) Anti-locking Brake System
(ABS)*
The warning lamp" f lashes when turn sig­
nals are switched on when towing a trailer.
The warning lamp comes on for a few sec­
onds when the ignition is switched on. The
If a turn signal fai ls on the trailer or vehicle,
lamp goes out after an automatic test se­
the warning lamp does not flash.
quence has taken place,
If the ASS warning lamp does not go out. or
if the ASS warning lamp comes on when
driving, the system is fau lty The vehicle can
then only be braked with the normal system
- that is without ASS. The vehicle must be
taken to a Vol kswagen dealer as soon as
possible .
- ne warning lamp cluster can contain Further details on ASS is given on page 76 .
•anous warning lamps. The warning lamps
actually fitted can be recognized by the
5 mbols
to
~ Airbag system
n e warning lamp lights for about 3 seconds
Nhen the ignition is switched on. If the
Narning lamp does not go out or lights/
;Ii ckers during the Journey, there is a fault in
:he Airbag system, The system should be
ct16cked immediately by a Volkswagen
:lealer For further details see page 18.
49
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Switches
Note
• On vehicles with right-hand drive the ar­
rangement of the switches di ffers. The
symbols on the switches are however the
same as on vehicles with left-hand drive.
• The use of the lighting described here is
subject to local regulations.
1 - Lighting swit ch -'0­
, , '
El ­ Swi tched off
- Side lights 1)
Awarning lamp next to the side light symbol
lights up.
§D - Dipped or main beam
The headlights onl y work when the ignition
is on . When the engine is being started and
after ignition has been swi tched off, the
headlights are switched off automatically.
Dipping and flashing the headlights - see
page 53.
- Front fog lights*
With lighting swit ch in side light or dipped/
main beam position pull sw itch out to first
detente.
A w arning lamp next to the front foglight
symbol lights up.
'I) On vehicles for some export countri es when
the side lights are switchea on with the igni­
tion sWitched on, the dipped headlights also
come on with reduced inte slty.
0$ - Rear fog light-
Vehicles without fog lights
Turn lighting switch to dipped/mai n beam
positi on and pull switch out to 1st detente.
Vehicles with fog lights
With lighting switch in dipped/main beam
position, pul l svvitch out t o 2nd detente.
A warning lamp next to the rear fog light
symbol lights up.
Due to the amount of dazzle it causes the
rear fog light should only be sWitched on
when the visibility is very poor (in Germany
for example, below 50 metres)
2 - Instrument
lighting
When the lights are on, the level of the in­
strument lighting can be regul at ed by turn­
ing the knurled wheel.
50
____CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
3 - Headlight range
control *
lIJi th the electrical range control the head­
ght settings can be matched exactl y to the
oad condition of vehicle. This prevents on­
:::omi ng traffic from being unnecessaril y
dazzled. At the same time the correct head­
ght beam setting provides the best poss­
ble visibility for the driver.
-he headlights can only be regulated with
:he dipped headlights switched on .
To lower the beams, turn knurled disc from
:he basic position H downwards.
Hazard warning lights
~
When the hazard lights are on, a warn ing
lamp in the switch flash es as well.
The system also works when the ignition is
switched off .
Knurled wheel for
seat heating*
The cushion and backrest of the front seats
can be heated electrically when the ignition
is on.
The heating is switched on and regu lated
with the knurled w heel.
To sWitch heating off, turn knurl ed wheel
down to the detente position.
51
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
1 - Heated rear window
The heating works onl y when ignition is on.
W hen heat er is on a lamp in the switch
li ghts up.
~ As soon as window is clear,
~ switch element off. The reduced
current consumption helps to re­
duce the fuel consumption - see also
page 73.
On vehicles with electrically adjustable ex­
teri or mirrors the mirrors are heated as long
as the rear window heating is switched on.
2 - Rear electric
windows·
Using the rocker switch with the safety
switch f or t he rear windows - see page 10.
52
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Turn signal and dip lever
~ e turn signals only work when the ignition
-witched on.
~ ght turn signa ls - lever up
_z turn signals - lever down
"en turn signals are working, the warning
p f lashes as well - see page 48 also.
- '? tur n signals cancel aut omatica ll y after
rnpleting a turn
To signal a lane change Note
Move lever up or dow n to pressure point The use of the signals and lighting de­
and hold in th is positi on ­ the w arning lamp scribed he re is subject to local regu lati ons
must also be f lash ing
To dip headlights
Pull lever past pressure point t owards steer­
ing w heel. When high beams are on, the
high beam warning lig ht w ill light up
Headlight flasher
Pull lever towards steeri ng wh eel to pres­
sure point - the main beam wa rning lamp
lights up.
Parking lights
The park ing lights on ly work when ignition
is sw itched off .
Right parking lights - lever up
Left parking li ghts - lever dow n.
53
------------------------------------------------
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Cruise control system *
To relieve the foot on the accelerator pedal
this system can hold any speed above about
35 km/h (20 mph) constant, so long as en­
gine output permits.
Attention
The cruise control system should
not be used in dense traffic and
poor road conditions (slippery
surfaces, aquaplaning, gravel).
When system is switched on do not
move into neutral without depres­
sing the clutch pedal, otherwise the
engine will race and can, under cer­
tain circumstances, become dam­
aged.

The system is operated with the sliding
switch A and the press button B on the turn
signal lever.
The system is switched on by moving
switch A to ON.
When the speed to be maintained has been
reached the press button B (SET) must be
pressed briefly The foot can then be taken
off the accelerator pedal
The programmed speed can also be in­
creased w ithout pressing the accelerator
pedal. The button B need only be pressed
until the desired speed has been reached.
The speed can also be increased in the nor­
mal way wit h t he accelerator pedal. When
the pedal is then released the previously
programm ed speed is resumed
The system is temporarily switched
off when brake or clutch pedals are used or
when speed IS considerably below pro­
grammed speed i.e. when driving up a
steep gradient in too high a gear.
To resume speed previously programmed
when brake or clutch pedals are re leased or
at end of gradient, push sWit ch A to the left
(RES)
Attention
The programmed speed must
only be resumed when it is not
too high for the existing traffic
conditions.
The system is completely switched off
by moving the switch A to the ri ght (OFF) or
- when vehicle is stationary - by switching
the ignition off.
54
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Windscreen wiper and washer system
Vi pers and washers only work w hen igni­
tion is swit ched on.
ff
: r
The heated windscreen washer jets*
are switched on when the ignition is
9
swi tched on and the amount of heat is regu­
ated automatically accordi ng to the ambi ­
ent temperature
When it is freezing, check that the wiper
bl ades are not fro zen to the glass before
switchi ng the wipers on for the f irst ti me.
Windscreen
• Flick wipe
_Ih lever to pressure point before detente 1 .
• Wiper slow
Lever at position 1.
• Wiper fast
Lever at position 2
• Intermittent wipe
Lever at position 3
The wipers "vork about every 6 seconds.
W ith an infinitely variable intermit­
tent wipe* the wipe delay can be pro­
grammed between about 1.5 and 22 sec­
onds:
- Switch on intermi ttent wipe and wipe
once.
- Swi tch off intermittent wipe and then
swi tch on again after the desired del ay
The selected delay can be changed as often
as requi red . After swi tchi ng off igni t ion the
selected pause reverts back to a si x second
Interval.
• Automatic washJwipe facility
Pull lever towards steering wheel - wipers
and washer work.
Release lever-
The washer stops and the wi pers carry on
for about 4 seconds.
Headlight washer system*
When the headlights are on, the lenses are
washed every time t he windscreen is
w ashed.
At regular intervals such as when f illi ng the
tank, caked-on dirt and Insects should be re­
moved.
Rear window
Press lever aw ay from st eenng wheel and
rel ease - the wiper works about every 6
seconds (i ntermittent wipe) Pressing and
releasi ng lever again swi tches the w iper off .
Automatic wash/wipe
Press lever away f rom steering wheel, and
hold in t hi s positi on ­
The wiper and washer work as long as the
lever is held in thi s posi t ion
Release lever ­
The washer stops and the wiper carries on
for about 4 seconds,
Notes
• Topp ing-up washer fl uid
- see page 103.
• Changing wi ndscreen wiper bl ades
- see page 1 04
55
-------------------------------
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Heating and ventilation
The normal heating and ventilation system
described below can be supplemented by
an automatic heating regulation (Thermo­
tronic)*.
With the Thermotronic* the desired in­
terior temperature is attained as quickl y as
possible and held constant. Outside and in­
side temperat ure sensors measure the ex­
isting temperatures continuously and pass
the values to an electronic control unit
which then alters the warm air temperature
accordingly. Strong sunshine is also taken
into account by the system.
The " Thermotronic" makes regulation of
the heating by hand unnecessary.
Controls
Rotary switch A - Blower and air
supply and air conditioner* cut-off
The air flow can be regulated in four stages.
Between positions 1 and 0 the fresh air sup­
ply can be regulated without blower assist­
ance.
In position 0, air supply and blower are off.
Thi s can prevent uncl ean air from outside
from entering the vehicle. However, as the
wi ndows could then mist over, the air sup­
ply should only be switched off briefl y.
Normal heating and ventilation
On vehicles w ith a fresh air filt er* this is onl y
necessary for a gas type pollution. Dust,
pollen etc. will be held back by the filter.
Rotary regulator B - Temperature
selection
Clockwise - increases heat output
Anti-clockwise - decreases heat output
With Thermotronic* the figures on the
scale serve as approximate values f or the
interior temperature.
. (G' __
.. wi th Thermotronic*
Rotary regulator C - Air distribu­
tion
Switch at
symbol.
Vents ..
fully
open
Vents ..
slightly
open
~
1,2 3, 4
~
5 1,2,3,4
~
3,4,5 1,2
~
3,4 -
For vent layout, see next page
56
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Air vents
J epending on the position of rotary regula­
cor B heated or unheated fresh air flows
'rom all vents.
- he vents 3 and 4 can be opened and closed
separately:
nurled w heel upwards or to right ­
ant opened.
nurled wheel downwards or to left ­
ent closed .
3y swinging the complete outl et gri ll e of
, ents 3 and 4 the ai r fl ow can be moved
vertica lly
N hen the knurl ed disc in the grill e is rotated
:0 and fro the air flow direction is altered lat­
erally.
The rear foot well vents are supplied to­
gether Wi th vents 5.
Defrosting windscreen and side
windows
• Rotary switch A to stage 3.
• Rotary regulators Band C turned fully to
right.
• Vents 3 closed.
• Additional warm air can be directed to
the side windows via vents 4.
Demisting windscreen and side
windows
When the w indows steam up due to high air
humidity, e.g. when it is raining, we recom­
mend the following settings:
• Rotary switch A to stage 2 or 3.
• Rotary regulator B, if necessary, clock­
wise into heating range.
With the "Thermotronic"" the value then
set is controlled automatically.
• Rotary regulator C at ~
• Vents 3 closed.
• Additional warm air can be directed to
the side windows via vents 4.
Heating interior quickly
(without "Thermotronic" *)
• Rotary switch A t o stage 3.
• Rotary regulator B fully to right.
• Rotary regulator C at tIl
• Vents 3 closed .
• Vents 4 fully or partially opened w ith
knurled discs as required.
57
Heating interior comfortably
(without "Thermotronic" *)
When the windows are clear and the de­
sired temperature has been reached we
recommend the following settings
• Rot ary switch A at stage 1 or 2.
• Rota ry regulator B at the desired heat
out put.
• Depending on ai r distribution
desired, turn rotary regulator C
between
and
If the windscreen mists over again,
the reg ul ator can also be turned
between
and
• Vents 3 closed.
• With vents 4 the desired amount of
warm air and the air flow directi on can be
set.
Heating interior as quickly as
possible and comfortably
(with "Thermotronic" *)
When the windows are clear, the foll owing
setting is recommended:
• Rotary switch A to stage 2.
• Rotary reg ulator B to desired va lue on
scale. Approx.: 22 . tIj
• Upper lever to . . . ....
The system works most efficient ly in thi s
position, .
• Close vents 3.
• With vents 4 the desired amount of
warm ai r and the air flow direction can be
set.
Ventilation (fresh air operation)
With the following settings, unheated fresh
air flows from vents 3 and 4:
• Rotary switch A to desired stage.
• Rotary regulator B anti-clockwise to the
stop PW!l
• Upper lever to . . ~
• Ve nts 3 and 4 open.
If required, regulator C can be turned to
another position.
General notes
• To ensure that the heat ing and ventila­
tion can work properly, the air inlet in front
of the windscreen should be kept free of
ice, snow and leaves.
• The heat output depen s on the coolant
temperature - the ful l heat output is there­
fore available when t he engine is warm.
• The stale air escapes through openings
in the luggage compartment side panels.
Therefore when loading t he luggage com­
partment ensure that the ope 11ngs are not
covered.
• All controls except the rota ry switch A
blower speeds 1-4 can be set to any inter­
mediate position.
• To prevent the windows from misting up
the blower should be runn ing slowly when
dri ving at low speeds


58
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Air conditioner*
- 'le air conditioner is available as a normal
:r fu lly automatic system (Climatronic*)
'le air conditioner in both cases is a com­
u ned cooling and heating system which
c " ers maximum comfort at al l seasons of
"18 year.
h e air conditioner works only when the en­
gine is running, the ambient temperature is
,:move about + 5°C and the blower speed is
cetween 1 and 4.
. ' hen air conditioner is switched on it re­
duces not only the temperature inside the
.ehicle but also the air humidity When the
.ambient air humidity is high this not only
akes the vehicle occupants feel more
_omfortable but also prevents the windows
c ~ r o m steaming up.
Ni t h the Climatronic* the selected ve­
Icl e interior temperature is maintained fully
automatically. This is done by automatically
.Iarying the temperature of the air from the
" ents, the blower speed (air volume) and
meair distribution.
Notes
• The operation of the normal air
conditioner* is described on pages 59
- 61.
• The differences for the Climatronic*
are given on pages 62 and 63.
Controls
Rotary switch A - Blower and air
supply and air conditioner cut-off
The air flow can be regulated in four stages.
In position 0, the blower and air conditioner
are switched off. If contaminated air should
be prevented from entering the vehicle in­
terior, button E (air recirculation) should be
pressed.
On vehicles with a fresh airfilter ' t his is only
necessary for a gas type pollution. Dust,
pollen etc. will be held back by the filter.
Rotary regulator B - Temperature
selection
Clockwise - increases heat output
Anti-clockwise - decreases heat output
When the air conditioner is switched on
turning the regulator to the left increases
the cooling performance.
Rotary regulator C - Air distribu­
tion
Switch at
symbol.
Vents..
fully
open
Vents ..
slightly
open
~
1,2 3,4
m 5 1,2,3,4
~
3,4, 5 1,2
81
3,4 -
For vent layout, see next page.
Button D - Air conditioner on/off
The system is switched on by pressing t his
button. The letters" AC" light up in the but­
ton pressed.
The system is switched off by pressing the
button again. The symbol then goes out.
Button E - Air recirculation
Air recirculati on is selected using t hi s but­
ton. When select ed, the symbol li ghts up.
Air recirculation is switched off by pressing
the button again, The symbol then goes out.
59


CONTROLS AND EQUIPMEN. -=T-""------__________________
Air recirculation should only be se­
lected for short periods of time as
no fresh air is taken in in this mode
and the windows can steam up if the
air conditioner is switched off.
Note
Buttons D and E can be pressed In conjunc­
tion w ith one another.
Air vents
Depending on the position of rotary regula­
tor B heated or unheated fresh air or cooled
air flows from all vents.
The vents 3 and 4 can be opened and closed
separately:
Knurled wheel upwards or to right ­
vent opened .
Knurled wheel downwards or to left ­
vent closed.
By swinging the complete outlet grille of
vents 3 and 4 the air flow ca n be moved
verticall y.
When the knurled disc in the grille is rotated
to and fro the air flow direction is altered lat­
erally
The rear footwell vents are supplied to­
gether with vents 5.
Defrosting windscreen and side
windows
• Rotary switch A to stage 3.
• Rotary regulators Band C turned fully to
right.
• Vents 3 closed .
• Additional warm air can be directed to
the side windows via vents 4.
Demisting windscreen and side
windows


When the windows steam up due to high air
humidity, e.g. when it is raining, we recom­

mend the following settings
• Rotary switch A to stage 2 or 3.
• Rotary regulator B, if necessary, clock­
wise into heating range. ~
• Rotary regu lator C to . J J ~
• Press button D
• Ve nts 3 closed.
• Additional warm air can be directed to
the side windows via vents 4.
60
__C_ONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Heating interior quickly
• Rotary switch A to stage 3.
• Rotary regulator B fully to right. PWll
• Rotary regulator C to .. ~
• Vents 3 closed .
• Vents 4 fully or partially opened w ith
1urled discs as required
Heating interior comfortably
hen the w indows are clear and the de­
s red temperat ure has been reached we
recommend the following settings
Rotary switch A at stage 1 or 2.
• Rotary regulator B at the desired heat
Jtput.
Depending on air distribution
esired , turn rotary regulator C
re ween . . .. ~
'ld ~
, the windscreen mists over again,
e regulator can also be turned
et w een
• Vents 3 closed.
• With vents 4 the desired amount of
warm air and the air flow direction can be
set.
Ventilation (fresh air operation)
With the following settings, unheated fresh
air flows from vents 3 and 4:
• Switch air conditioner off with button D
• Rotary switch A to desired stage.
• Rotary regulator B anti-clockwise to the
stop D.1
• Rotary regulator C to . .. ~
• Vents 3 and 4 open.
If required, regulator C can be turned to
another position.
Maximum cooling
• All windows and sliding/tilting roof*
closed.
• Rotary swi tch A to stage 4.
• Rotary regulator B to left.
• Rotary regulator C to
• Right-hand button 0 (max) pressed.
• Select air recirculation by pressing but­
ton E
• Vents 3 and 4 open.
In this mode, air is drawn from inside the ve­
hicle and cooled (air recirculation) The air
recirculation mode should not be se­
lected for long periods of time as no
fresh air is then supplied.
Note
Smoking should be avoided w hen air recir­
culation is selected, as the smoke drawn in
from the vehicle interior deposits on the
evaporator of the air conditioner. This leads
to permanent odours when the air condi­
tioner is in operation. These can only be
eliminated by exchanging the evaporator,
which is time-consuming and expensive.
Normal cooling
• Switch air condit ioner on by pressing
button 0
• Rotary switch A to stage 1 - 4 as re­
quired.
• Rotary regul ator B to the desired air tem­
perature (so that heating is also possible)
• Rotary regulator C to desired position
• Vents 3 and 4 set as required.
In this operating mode air is drawn in from
outside and cooled (fresh air operation)
To operate the Climatronic* , see pages
62 and 63.
61
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT

Climatronic*
1 - Display for blower speed
2 - Display for ambient temperature
3 - Display for defrosting windscreen
4 - Display for air recirculation
5 - Display for air flow direction
6 - Display for selected interior tempera­
ture
7 - Di splay AUTO (automatic operation or
OF F (system off)
8 - Button for automatic operation
9 - Button for " Blower faster"
10 - Button for "Blower slower"
11 - Button for defrosting windscreen
12 - Button for air recirculation
13 - Button for "Air f low to upper part of
body"
14 - Button for " Ai r flow to footwell "
15 - Button for Celsius or Fahrenheit read­
ing (best operated with ball pen)
16 - Button for "Warmer"
17 - Button for "Colder"
18 - Button for" System off"
When the appropriat e buttons are pressed
the displays 1, 6 and 7 change or the dis­
plays 3, 4 and 5 appear.
The automatic regulation of the sys­
tem can be influenced by the but­
tons 9 - 14.
Recommended standard setting for
all times of the year:
Temperature about 22 degrees C (72
degrees F) and AUTO button.
With this setting a pleasant climate in the
vehicle is reached most quickly
This setting should therefore only be altered
when required for personal comfort.
Using the system
When ignition has been swi tched on the
system normally works in the Automatic
mode. Items 1, 2, 6 and 7 appear in the dis­
play.
The Climatronic maintains t he selected ve­
hicle interior temperature full y automati­
cally.
To do this temperature of the air flow as well
as the blower speed (air volume) and air dis­
tribution are altered automaticall y.
If the settings deviated from Automatic
operation before the igniti on is switched off
the selected functions are stored for one
hour. If ignition is switched on again later the
system works in the Automatic mode.
The layout of the air vents is shown on page
60.
62
2
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
r
Notes on Automatic mode
• The interior temperature can be freely
selected w ith buttons 16 and 17 and is
S ored al ways unt il another temperature is
selected ,
-he interior temperature can be set be­
-wean + 18°C (64°F) and + 29°C (86°F) In
th iS range it is automatically regulated,
f temperatures below 18°C are selected
LO" appears in the display, With tempera­
- res above 29°C (86° Fl. " HI " is di splayed,
., these two end positions the system
Norks continuously at maximum cooli ng or
neating output. The temperature is not
regulated
• In certain operat ing condit ions it may be
found that the system temporarily carries
out functions which are not quite as ex­
5-
pected, This includes, for example, that for
a few seconds after starting from cold, air is
directed mainly into the footwel l. Thi s is
ntentional so that damp air in the system
does not cause the windows to mi st up,
Deviating from Automatic mode
In nearly all cases t he Automatic mode
offers the best conditions for the comfort of
the vehicle occupants all the year round,
In isolated cases however it might be
necessary to deviate from some functions
of Automatic mode by pressing certain but­
tons, The Climatronic still works fu ll y auto­
matically
• With buttons 9 and 10 the blow er speed
and thus the air volume can be increased or
reduced, This is shown by a change in the
number of li nes in display field 1
• With bu tton 11 the de-humidifying and
defrosting effect for the windsc reen can be
increased if, for example persons w ith
damp clothing are picked-up shortly after
moving off,
• W ith button 12 air recirculation can be
selected to prevent for example dust or
st rong smells from entering the vehicle in­
terior. At ambient temperatures below 5
c
C
the system automaticall y sw itches off ,
This can lead to the window misting
up as t he air is no longer de-humidi­
f ied.
Note
Smoking should be avoided when air recir­
culation is selected as the smoke drawn in
from the vehicle interior deposits on the
evaporator of the air conditioner, This leads
to permanent odours when the air condition
is in operation These can only be efiminated
by exchanging the evaporator, which is
time-consuming and expensive.
• With buttons 13 and 14 the air flow can
be to the upper part of the body or into the
footwe ll,
The air distribution buttons 11, 13 and 14
can be used in combination ,
• With button 18 (OFF) the complete sys­
tem is switched off , This button should only
be pressed in isol ated cases eg when
there is a fault in the system.
When the special functions are no longer re­
quired the Automatic mode should be
switched on again without delay by pres­
sing the AUTO button,
63
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Operating instructions
• Ensure that the sensor betvveen the
windscreen defrost outlets in the centre of
the instrument panel and the air grille next
to the radio is not covered.
• If, after switching on the ignition, all sym­
bols in the display area flash for about 15
seconds, there is a fault in the system - con­
tact a Volkswagen dealer.
Notes for both air conditioning
systems
• To ensure that the heating, ventilation
and air conditioner can work properly, the air
inlet in front of the windscreen should be
kept free of ice, snow and leaves.
• The heat output depends on the coolant
temperature - the full heat output is there­
fore available when the engine IS warm.
• The stale air escapes through openings
in the luggage compartment side panels.
Therefore when loading the luggage com­
partment ensure that the openings are not
covered.
• When the ambient temperature is high
and the air very humid, condensed water
can drip off the evaporator and form a
puddle under the vehicle. This is quite nor­
mal and does not indicate a leak.
Notes for the normal air condi­
tioner
• All controls except the rotary switch A
and buttons 0 and E can be set to any inter­
mediate position.
• To prevent the windows from misting up
the blower should be running slowly when
driving at low speeds.
Using air conditioners economi­
cally
In cooling operation the air conditioner com­
pressor places demands on the engine and
therefore influences the fuel consumption.
To keep the period switched on as short as
possible, the following points should be
noted:
• If the in side temperature is very high
after the car has been parked in the sun, it
is recommended to open doors or windows
briefly to enable the hot air to escape
• The air conditioner should not be
switched on during a Journey if the windows
or sliding/tilting roof* are open.
• If the desired interior temperature can
be attained w ithout switching on the air
conditioner the fresh air operation should
be selected (does not apply to Climatronicl.
Operating faults
• Should the air condi:i oner not work at
any time, either .
- the ambient temperature IS below about
+5°C,
- or the fuse has blown.
Check fuse and if necessary renew it - see
page 119. If the troub le is not due to a defec­
tive fuse, SWitch the system off and have It
checked.
- the air conditioner has svvitched off due
to coolant temperature being too high - see
page 45.
• If the cooling output drops off, switch
the AlC off and have the system checked.
64
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Sl iding/tilting roof*
lh ignition sWitched on, the glass roof
cl' be opened and closed with the switch.
To open
'de switch t o rear.
o close
- de switch to front.
To lift at rear
Ih roof closed, press up rear of switch .
o lower
lJe switch to front.
Notes
• When opening the glass roof the screen
to prevent sun rays shining in w ill also open
automatical ly. If req uired it can be closed by
hand when the roof is closed .
• The glass roof can also be closedon ve­
hicles with cent ral locking or electric win­
dows if when locking the vehicle with a key
in the driver's door (with central locking al so
in passenger' s door) the key is held in the
locking position.
Attention
Be careful when closing the roof!
Careless or uncontrolled closing
of the roof could cause injuries.
Therefore, when leaving the ve­
hicle always take the ignition key
with you.
Emergency operation
If the system should develop a fault the roof
can also be closed by hand.
• Pull cover down at rear (arrow 1) and
take out t o rear (arrow 2) .
65
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Sun visors
• Turn crank opening protective cap to the
right.
• Take crank out of retainer, insert in the
opening and close sliding roof.
• Replace crank in the retainer and turn
protective cap over the crank opening.
• Insert cover lugs in the roof trim. Then
using a screwdriver (out of the vehicle tools)
slide headlining trim over the cover retain­
ing strip. Slide cover to rear slightly.
Sun visors
The sun visors can be pulled out of the
centre mountings and swung towards the
doors.
Also there is a make-up mirror fitted in the
rear of the passenger sun visor.
66
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Interior li ghts
nterior light A
Switch pressed on leh - Light on all the
"TIe
SWitch in centre position - Light off/door
:O'1tacts ])
Swit ch pressed on right - Door contacts/
9"t out 1)
terior li ghts with time delayed switch off"'
E'TIai n on for about 10 seconds after doors
co e cl osed.
On vehicles with electric sliding roof
Reading light front * B
• Switch pressed on left - Light off/light
permanent ly on 1)
• Swi tch in centre position - Light off 1)
• SWi tch pressed on right - Light perma­
nentl y on
Gl ove box light*
The li ght in the glove box in the instrument
panel only comes on when the ignition is on
and the lid IS open.
Luggage compartment light*
The light comes on when tailgate is opened
(even when lighti ng and ignition is switched
off) It is therefore essential to ensure that
the tailgate is always closed INhen vehicle
is parked.
67
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Cigarette lighter
The cigarette lighter is switched on by
pushing in the element. When the heating
element glows, the lighter springs out auto­
matically - pull it out immediately and use it.
The cigarette lighter socket can be
used for other electrical accessories with a
capacity of up to 120 watts. However, when
the engine is not running this will discharge
the battery. For further information see
chapter Accessories on page 111 .
• Attention
• Be careful when using the
cigarette lighter!
Careless or uncontrolled use of
the cigarette lighter can cause
burns.
The cigarette lighter and the
socket also work when the igni­
tion is switched off and the key
removed.
For this reason children should
never be left in the vehicle on
their own.
Ashtray
Front
To empty: Open ashtray, press but­
ton on ashtray and pull
ashtray out.
To replace Push ashtray into the
guides.
Attention
Never use the ashtrays as paper
containers. Danger of fire!
Rear
To empty
To replace:
Open ashtray and pull it
out verticall y upwards
Press ashtray down verti ­
cally and close flap.
Attention
Never use the ashtrays as paper
containers. Danger of fire!
68
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Shelves and boxes
Glove box
- 0 open lockable glove box* lift handle.
Attention
For safety reasons all stowage
box lids should always be closed
w hen vehicle is moving.
On the estate there is further stowage
space behind flaps on the left and right-hand
sides of the luggage compartment. Pull
handle in the direction shown to open these
boxes - see right-hand illustration .
Note
The stowage locations of the first aid kit and
the warning triangle in both the saloon and
the estate are described on page 112.
69
CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT
Roof rack I roof railing
When loads are to be carried on the roof, the
following should be noted:
• As the rain channels are moulded into
the roof for streamlining reasons, the nor­
mal type of roof rack cannot be used. To
avoid ri sks we advise that on ly the cross
bars provided by the factory are used.
• These cross bars are the basis for a com­
plete roof load carrying system For safety
reasons when carrying luggage, bicycles,
surf boards, skis and boats, the appropriate
special adapters are required .
All the components of this system are avail­
able from Volkswagen dealers.
• Any damage which may occur to
the vehicle as a result of usi ng other
roof load carrying systems or by in­
correct fitting will not be covered by
the warranty.
• The roof load ca rrying system must be
secured exactly as described in the instruc­
tions supplied. When fitting the carrier feet
on the roof ensure that the feet are posi­
tioned exact ly between the marks stamped
on the plastic roof mouldings - see il lustra­
tion.
• On the estate with roof railing, the
base carriers can be attached to the ra ilings
at any position desired. The distance be­
tween the carriers should however be
matched to the articles to be transported .
Also, on vehicles with a sliding/ti lting roof*
the front ca rrier should not be attached in
the region of the rear edge of the of the tilt­
ing roof.
• Distribute the load evenly. Each cross
bar may carry 40 kg if loaded uniformly over
the full length. The permissibl e roof load (in­
cluding the rack) of 75 kg and t he permiss­
ible gross vehicle weight must not be ex­
ceeded - see page 143.
• When carrying heavy or large objects on
the roof, bear in mind that the vehicle handl­
ing changes due to the displacement of the
centre of gravity and the increased area ex­
posed to the wind. Driving style and speed
must be adapted to allow for thiS .
• Ensure that the opened tail gate does not
knock against the roof load .
70
DRIVING TIPS
The first 1500 km - and afterwards
Running-in
DUring the first few operat ing hours the en­
gi ne int ernal friction is hi gher than later on
when al l the movi ng parts have bedded
down . How well this running-in process is
done depends to a considerable extent on
the w ay the vehicle is dri ven during the first
1500 km (1000 miles)
Up to 1000 kilometers
the following general ru les apply:
• Do not use full throttle
• Do not drive faster than 3/4 of
top speed
• Avoid high engine speeds
• Trai ler towing shou ld if possible be
avoided .
Attention
• New tyres must also be .. run
in" because they do not have
maximum adhesion at the start.
This must be taken into account
by driving carefully during the
first 100 km_
• • New brake linings must also
be run in and do not have the
optimum friction properties dur­
ing the first 200 km. The slightly
reduced braking effect can be
compensated for by more pres­
sure on the brake pedal. This also
applies when new linings have
been fitted.
From 1000 - 1500 km
The speed can gradually be increased to the
road or engine maximum.
During and after the running-in
period the following applies:
• Do not overrev t he engine when cold ­
either in neutral or in the gears.
All speeds and revs given are only vali d
w hen engine is properly warm.
r:Gb Do not drive with the engine
C!!t) speed unnecessarily high ­
changing up early helps to save fuel,
reduces noise and protects the envi­
ronment - see also page 72.
• Do not let engine labour - change down
when eng ine no longer runs smoothly.
After the running-in period
• On vehicles with a rev counter* t he
maximum permissible engine speed is
shown by the begin ning of the red zone on
the rev counter scale. The needle of the
counter must not move into this zone.
Extremely hi gh engine revs will be auto­
maticall y governed.
71
DRIVING TIPS
Driving economically and ecologically
Vari ous factors det ermi ne the fuel con­
sumpt ion, the burden on the environment
and the wear on the engi ne, brakes and
t yres .
The personal style of driving
Determines t o a great ext ent the economi­
cal aspect and the exhaust and noise deve l­
opment:
r:Q,., Do not warm up the engine with
'(!t!5 the vehicle stationary.
At idling speed it takes a very long time
until the engine becomes operationally
warm. However, in the warm-up phase,
wear and the discharge of pollutants is
particularly high. For this reason, drive
off immediately the engine has started
and avoid high engine speeds.
QiP Avoid full throttle acceleration.
N'6t only is the fuel consumption reduced
considerably if one accelerates with feel­
ing, but the disturbance to the environ­
ment and the wear are also reduced.
r:Q,., Do not drive with unnecessarily
'(!t!5 high engine revs - change up as
soon as possible, only change down
when the engine no longer runs
smoothly.
The fuel consumption is for example
more than twice as high in 2nd gear than
it is in top gear. At the same time, the re­
duced engine speed means a reduction
in engine noise.
r:Q,., Try not to drive at maximum
'(!t!5 speed.
The fuel consumption, exhaust pollution
and noise increase disproportionately at
high speeds. If approximately only 3
quarters of top speed is utilised, the fuel
consumption will be reduced by about
half. Experience has shown that the loss
in time is only marginal.
r:Q,., Drive as smoothly as possible
'(!t!5 and look well ahead.
Unnecessary acceleration and braking
must be paid for with higher fuel con­
sumption and more disturbance to the
environment.
r:Q,., Switch the engine off during
'(!t!5 traffic hold-Ups.
The individual operating condi­
tions
Naturall y also affect fuel consumpt ion.
The foll owing fact ors for instance are not f a­
vourable to good fuel consumption:
• Hi gh traff ic density, parti cul arl y large
t owns with numerous t ra ffi c lights
• Frequent stop/st art dri ving, always re­
st arti ng and warming up t he engine
• Drivi ng in heavy, slow moving traffic in
low gear so t hat the engine speed is rela­
ti vel y hi gh in rel ati on to t he di stance cov­
ered.
r:Q,., One should, therefore, plan trips
'(!t!5 in advance and try to a void l ocal
traf fic and overcrowded motor­
ways.
Obviously the fuel consumpt ion is also af­
fected by f act ors over w hi ch the dri ver has
no control. It is for exampl e normal for t he
consumpti on to increase in the ,,\l inter or in
arduous conditi ons (bad roads, trail er tow­
ing etc)
72
DRIVING TIPS
The technical prerequisites
for a low fuel consumpt ion and effi ciency
"" ere " built in" at the factory. Particular Im­
portance was placed on the lowest possible
disturbance to the environment. To retain
and make the best possi ble use of these
characterist ics attention should be paid to
the following points
~ Even those vehicles which do
W not have a catalytic converter
should be driven on unleaded petrol
f or the sake of the environment.
~ The prescribed maintenance
W operations should be carried out
exactly as specified in the Service
Schedule.
Having your vehicle regularly serviced
by a Volkswagen dealer not only ensures
that it is always operationally fit, but it
also ensures economy, lowest possible
burden on the environment and a long
service life.
~ Check the tyre pressures every 4
W weeks.
Low tyre pressures increase the rolling
resistance. This not only increases the
fuel consumption and tyre wear, but the
handling is also impaired.
~ Do not carry unnecessary ballast
W in the luggage boot
Particularly in town traffic when one has
to accelerate often, weight has a great in­
fluence on the fuel consumption. As a
rule of thumb: For every 100 kg of weight
the consumption increases by approxi­
mately litre per 100 km.
~ Remove roof rack immediately
Wafter use
Particularly at high speeds the increased
air resistance makes itself felt consider­
ably.
~ Electrical consumers should
W only be switched on when they
are actually required
Heated rear windows, additional driving
lights and heater blower consume a con­
siderable amount of current. The higher
alternator load also increases the fuel
consumption. For instance, over a period
of 10 hours, the heated rear window will
increase the fuel consumption by ap­
proximately 1 litre.
~ Check the fuel consumption reg­
W ularly
The fuel consumption should be checked
each time the tank is filled up. By doing
this inconsistencies on the vehicle which
lead to an increased fuel consumption
can be discovered sooner.
• Check the engine oil level each
time the tank is filled up
The oil consumption depends to a great ex­
tent on the engine load and speed. Depend­
ing on the styl e of driving the consumption
can be as much as 1.0 litres/1 000 km .
It IS normal for the oil consumption of a new
engine to reach its lowest level after a cer­
tain mileage has been covered. The con­
sumption cannot be properl y assessed until
the vehicle has run approx. 5000 km.
This also applies to the fuel consumption
and the engine output.
73
DRIVING TIPS
Trouble-free functioning of the ex­
haust emission control system is de­
cisive for the environment-friendly oper­
ation of the vehicle.
The follow ing points should therefore be
noted:
• Vehicles fitted with a catalytic converter
may onl y be driven on unleaded petrol (see
page 82).
• Never drive until the fuel tank is com­
pletely empty on vehicles with a catal yst.
The irregular fuel supply ca n cause misfir­
ing This allows un burnt fuel into the ex­
haust system. This can cause overheating
and damage to the catalyst.
• If whilst driving, the engine misfires,
loses power and runs unevenly, this could
be due to a fault in the ignition system . In a
case like this, unburnt fuel can enter the ex­
haust system and then escape to atmos­
phere. Furthermore, the catalytic converter
could become damaged due to overheat­
ing The vehicle speed must be reduced im­
mediately and the defect should be elImIn­
ated at the nearest Volkswagen dealer.
• Do not sw itch off ignition whilst driving
- see page 38 .
• Do not overfill engine oil- see page 95.
• Do not tow start vehicle for more than
50 m - see page 130.
Attention
Due to high temperatures which
can occur in the catalytic con­
verter on petrol engine vehicles
in very unfavourable conditions,
the vehicle should not be parked
so that the catalytic converter
can come into contact with in­
flammable materials_
Note
Even in the case of a perfectly working ex­
haust emission control system there can,
under certain engine operating conditions,
be a sulphur-type exhaust smell.
This depends upon the sulphur content in
the fuel being used.
Quite often this can be remedied by select­
ing another brand of fuel or, filling up with
unleaded premium petrol.
74
DRIVING TIPS
Brakes
General notes
• Brake lining wear depends to a large ex­
tent on the operating conditions and style of
riving. On vehicles which are used mai nly
n town traffi c and stop/start conditions or
are dri ven hard it may be necessary to have
the thickness of the brake linings checked
by a Volkswagen dealer in between the in­
tervals given in the Service Schedule. On
' ehicles with brake pad wear indicato r,
worn front pads w il l be indicated by a warn­
Ing lamp - see page 48.
• Change down in good ti me when driving
downhill , in order to make use of the engine
braking effect. Thi s relieves strain on the
brake system. When the brakes are appl ied
do not keep them on conti nuously, apply
and release alternately.
• Under certain operating conditi ons, for
example aft er driving through water, after
heavy rain or after washi ng the vehicle the
braking effect may be reduced by wet, or in
li nter iced-up brake di scs and linings - the
brakes must be dried out first by applying
th e footbrake.
The fu ll braking eff ect may also be reduced
when vehi cle has been dri ven for some
time on heavi ly salted roads without using
the brakes, because the layer of salt on
discs and pads has to wear off first.
Attention
If a front spoiler or full size wheel
trims are retrofitted, it is necess­
ary to ensure that the flow of air
to the front brakes is not re­
stricted - otherwise the brakes
can overheat.
Brake serve
Attention
The servo is operated by vacuum
which is only generated when en­
gine is running. For this reason
the vehicle should not be allowed
to roll with the engine switched
off.
When the brake servo is not
working because, for example,
the vehicle is being towed or be­
cause a defect has occurred on
the brake servo itself, the brake
pedal must be pressed consider­
ably harder to compensate for
the absence of servo assistance.
75
DRIVING TIPS
Anti-locking brake system *
The ABS plays a major part in increasing t he
active safety of the vehicle . The big adva n­
tage when compared with a conventi onal
brake syst em is that even when braking
hard on a slippery road surface t he best
possible steerabili ty is retained for the road
condition because the wheels do not lock.
However one must not expect the ABS
sys tem short en the braking dist ance in all
conditions. When driving on gravel or o n
fresh snow covering a slippery surface, I.e.
when one should be dri ving very carefull y In
any case, the stopping distance may even
be sli ght ly longer
How the ABS system works
An automati c check is made when a speed
of approx. 7 km/h is reached,. When thi s
happens a pumping noise can be heard.
When the tu rning speed of a wheel reaches
a level which is too low for the ve hi cle speed
and it tends to lock, the brake pressu re to
t his wheel is reduced. On the front axle the
brake pressure is regulated for each wheel
individuall y, whereas on the rear axle, t he
pressure is regul at ed for bot h wheels at the
same tim e. As a result the braking effect IS
the same for both rear wheels and the dri v­
ing stabi li ty is retained as far as
This regulating process makes Itself
known by movement .of the
pedal and is accompanied by nOises.
This is done deli berat ely as a warni ng to t he
driver that a wheel or the wheels are In the
locking range So that the ABS can regulat e
effectively in this range t he brake pedal
must remai n depressed - on no account
should it be pumped
l
Attention
However the ABS system cannot
overcome the physical limits.
This must be borne in mind par­
ticularly on slippery or wet
roads. When the ABS comes into
the control range the speed must
immediately be adapted to the
road and traffic conditions. The
increased amount of safety avail­
able must not tempt one into tak­
ing risks.
If a defect occurs on the ASS It is indicat ed
by a warni ng lamp - see page 49.
76
DRIVING TIPS
Trailer towing
The vehicle is intended main ly for the trans­
portation of persons and luggage but it can,
with the appropriate technical equipment,
also be used to tow a trailer.
Technical requirements
• If the vehicle is suppl ied with a factory­
fi tted towing bracket, all that is technically
and legally necessary for trailer towing wil l
have been taken into account.
• If the trailer to be towed has a 7 pin plug,
an adapter cable can be used whi ch IS ob­
tained from a Volkswagen dealer.
• Volkswagen dealers have all the necess­
ary information on the Installation of towing
brackets and the fitti ng of a heavy-duty cool­
ing system. The instal lation should there­
fore be done by them.
Operations instructions
• On the Golf saloon with a factory
fitted towing bracket* the removable ball
coupling will be fitted . Fitting/removing in­
structions and instructions on correct stow­
age of the ball coupling in the spare wheel
well can be found in a linen bag in the ve­
hicle luggage compartment.
• On the Golf estate with a factory fitted
towing bracket* the remova ble ball coupl­
ing is stored inside the vehicle next to the
spare wheel, together w ith instructions on
fitting.
• Pitching movements between towing
vehicle and trailer can be reduced by hea vy­
duty springs and shock absorbers on the
rear axle. If these springs and shock ab­
sorbers have not already been fitted at the
factory, they can, in many cases, be service­
installed by a Volkswagen dealer.
• The permissible trailer weight - see
page 144 - m ust not be exceeded on any ac­
count.
• If the the trailer weight is below the
permissible maximum, a correspondingly
steeper gradient can be climbed.
• The given trailer weights are only appli­
cable for altitudes up to 1000 m above sea
level. As the engine output and thus the
climbing ability drops due to the decreasing
air density, the weight of vehic le and trailer
must also be reduced by 10 % for each
further 1000 m or part thereof.
• Where possible make full use of the
maximum permissible drawbar weight on
ball of the towing bracket - see page 144 ­
but do not exceed it.
• While observing the permissible trailer
and drawbar weight, distribute the load in
the trailer so that heavy objects are as nea r
as possible to the axle. The objects must
also be secured so that they cannot slip
about.
• Check the tyre pressures on the towing
vehicle, and adjust for full load conditions,
and also check the pressures on the trailer
• The headlight settings, should be
checked w ith trailer attached before mov­
ing off and adjusted as necessary.
On vehicles with headlight beam control it
is on ly necessary to turn the knurled disc in
dash in the appropriate directIOn .
77
DRIVING TIPS
Driving instructions
To obtain the best possible handl ing of ve­
hicle and trailer, the following should be
noted:
• Try to avoid driving w ith an unladen ve­
hicle and a loaded trailer. If this cannot be
avoided, only drive slowly to allow for the
unfavourable weight distribution.
• As driving stability of vehicle and trailer
decreases when the speed increases do
not drive at the maximum permissible top
speed in unfavourable road, weather or
wind conditions - particularly when going
downhill.
In any case the speed must be reduced im­
mediately the trailer shows the slightest
sign of snaking. On no account try to stop
the snaking by accelerating.
• For safety reasons one should not drive
faster than 80 km/h (50 mph). This also
applies in countries where hi gher speeds
are permitted.
• Always brake in good ti me. If the trailer
has an overrun brake, apply the brakes gen­
tl y at first then f irmly. This will avoid the Jerk­
ing caused by the trailer wheels locking.
Change down before going down a steep
hill so that the engine can act as a braka.
• When a long climb in a low gear with ex­
tremel y high engine revs must be nego­
tiated at exceptionally high ambient tem­
peratures the coolant temperature gauge
must be observed. When the gauge needle
moves to the upper end of the scale, the
road speed must be reduced immediately
If nevertheless the warning lamp flashes,
stop immediately and allow the engine to
cool off at id ling speed for several minutes.
• The cooling effect of the radiator fan can­
not be increased by changing down, be­
cause the speed of the fan is not dependent
on the engine speed. One should t herefore
not change down even when towi ng a
trailer as 10ll g as the engine can cope wit h­
out the vehicle speed dropping too much .
General notes
• It is advisable to have t he vehicle ser­
viced between the Inspect ion intervals it it
is used frequently for towi ng a trailer.
• The trai ler and draw bar load figures on
the data plate of the towing bracket are for
test certification only. The correct figures
for the vehicle, which may be lower t han
these figures, are given in t he ehicle docu­
ments and in this manual.
78
DRIVING TIPS
Driving a four-wheel drive vehicle*
The drive concept
- he syncro is equipped with a four-wheel
dri ve whi ch automatically distributes the
jnve force to the front and rear wheels by
eans of a viscous coupling.
n e distribution of the drive is so regulated
- at in normal driving conditions the front
• heels always receive slightly more drive
' han the rear wheels.
owever, on very slippery surfaces when
-'le grip at the fr ont wheels is not adequate
transfer the drive to the road, the viscous
:oupling automatically diverts more drive to
-'le rear wheels.
e four-wheel dri ve remains in operation in
' everse gear.
Attention
The style of driving must always
be adapted to suit road surface
and traffic conditions. The in­
creased safety offered by this
type of vehicle must not encour­
age one to take unnecessary
risks.
In particular, one must always re­
member that the braking ability
is limited by the adhesion of the
tyres on the road surface and no
different from a two-wheel drive
vehicle.
For this reason, one should never
be tempted by the good acceler­
ation capabilities, even on slip­
pery road surfaces, into driving
too fast.
It should be noted that the front
wheels can aquaplane when driv­
ing at high speeds on wet road.
When this happens - contrary to
vehicles with front wheel drive
only - the start of the aquaplan­
ing is not indicated by a sudden
revving up of the engine. For this
reason, do not drive too fast, al­
ways adapt the speed to the ex­
isting road conditions.
What else should be noted?
Using winter tyres
With the four-wheel drive the vehicle has
good traction in winter road conditions even
with the standard tyres. However the use of
winter/all-weather tyres on all four wheels
is recommended to further improve handl ­
ing and braking.
Using snow chains
Snow chains must also be used on vehicles
with four wheel drive when snow chains are
obligatory. Further details about using snow
chai ns are given on page 109
Renewing wheels/tyres
On the syncro all four wheels must always
have the same rolling circumference. For
further information see page 107.
Output testing
If any time an output test is to be carried out
on a single axle test stand the propshaft
must be detached at the front
79
DRIVING TIPS
Brake testing
For brake testing on a brake test stand the
props haft does not have to be detached.
On the rear w heels the brake test is carried
out in the same way as on two-wheel drive
vehicle .
When testing the front w heel brakes how­
ever there are some special points to be
noted:
• The ve hicle must be reversed onto the
test stand so that the test stand roll ers drive
the front w heels backwards .
• Then the gear lever must be moved into
1 st gear w ith the ignition on and then back
into neutral again Th is disengages the free­
wheel lock in the back axle.
Note
On no account must the reverse gear be se­
lected when the rollers are running other­
wise the freewheel lock would be engaged
again. Thi s would cause the rear wheel s to
be driven suddenly.
80
Filling the tank
B1H-040
When tank cap has been taken off it can be
placed on the tank flap - see illustration.
r::ljb As soon as the correctly oper­
ated automatic nozzle switches
off for the first time, the tank is full.
Do not try then to put more fuel in
because the expansion space in tank
will be filled - the fuel can then over­
flow when it becomes warm.
After filling tank, screw cap on until it clicks
audibly.
The filler neck is under a small flap in the
right rear side panel.
With the central locking ' the tank flap is
also locked and unlocked automatically. If
the central locking system is defective the

The tank holds about
- 55 Itr (12 gallons) on the Golf saloon
- 60 Itr. (13 gallons) on the Golf estate
- 651tr. (14 gallons) on the Golf syncro
Open tank flap as shown in left illust ration.
Note
• Never drive until 1he fuel t ank is
completely empty on vehicles with
a catalytic converter. The irregular
fuel supply can cause misfiri ng,
which allows unburnt fuel into the
exhaust system. This can cause
overheating and damage to the cata­
lyst.
• Note any legal requirements when carry­
ing a spare fuel canister. For saf ety reasons
we do not recommend carrying a spare fuel
canister. In the event of an accident the can­
ister could be damaged and the fuel spi lt.
81
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Fuel
Releasing tank flap manually
If the central locking system * should be­
come defective the flap can be released
manuall y:
• Open tailgate and - if fitted - fold back
t he right luggage compartment trim from
side panel.
• Then reach through bet ween body panel
and positioner and pull back locking rod In
direct ion of arrow - see Ill ust ration.
Petrol engines
Vehicles with catalyst
40. 44 and 55 kW engines
Unleaded regular petrol
RON1) not lower than 91
66 and 110 kW engines
Unleaded premium petrol
RON1) not lower than 95.
85 kW engine
Unleaded premium petrol
RON') 95
or unleaded regular petrol. 91
RON')
The use of unleaded regular petrol, with a
minimum of 91 RON ') leads to a slight loss
of power
11 Research Octane Numb r, indicates anti
knock properties of the pe rol
128 kW engine
Unleaded premium petrol
RON1) not lower than 95
When using un leaded premium petrol
RON1) 98 the engine develops more pul li ng
power (higher torque) at the same nominal
output - see page 134.
140 kW engine
Unleaded premium petrol
RON') 98.
The use of unleaded premium petrol.
RON1) not less than 95. is possible with­
out restrictions.
The automatic adaption of the ignition tim­
ing to the qual ity of the fuel (knock control),
can during unfavourable operating condi­
tions cause a sli ght loss of performance
This can be partly compensated for by uS ing
unleaded premium pet rol RONlI 98.
82
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Vehicles without catalytic
converter
44 and 55 kW engines
un leaded or leaded regular petrol
RON' ) not lower t han 91
66 kW engine
Unleaded or leaded premium petrol
RON') not lower than 95
85 kW engine
Premium petrol unleaded or leaded
RON ') 95
or regular petrol unleaded or leaded.
RON1) 91.
The use of un leaded regular petrol, with a
mini mum of 91 RON1) leads to a slight loss
of power.
Research Octane Number, indicates anti­
knock properties of the petrol.
Notes
• Unleaded petrol must comply with DIN21
51 607 and leaded petrol with DIN 51 600.
• If in an emergency the octane rating of
the available petrol is lower than that re­
quired by the engine only drive with me­
dium engine speeds and low engine load­
ing. High engine loading with full
throttle or high revs can cause en­
gine damage. Fill tank with petrol of the
correct rating as soon as possible
&.., On vehicles with catalytic con­
~ verter only unleaded petrol may
be used.
Even a single tank of leaded petrol
will reduce the effectiveness of the
catalyti c converter.
In the i nterests of the environment,
unleaded petrol should always be
preferred to leaded fuel. even on ve­
hicles without a catalytic converter.
21 Standards issued by the G rman Standards
inslltu\lon
Petrol additives
The quality of the fuel has a decisive influ­
ence upon the running behaviour, perform­
ance and service life of the engine. The addi­
ti ves which are mi xed into the petrol are of
particular sign ificance. One is advised
therefore only to use good qual ity pet­
rol containing additives.
If such fu el is not available, or if engine
troubles such as starting difficulties, stall ing
during idling, vibration and loss of power
occur, the appropriate additives should be
mixed with the petrol when filling the tank.
These additives have an anti-corrosion ef­
fect, clean the f uel system and prevent de­
posits building up in the engine.
Petrol additives available in accessory
outlets have not all shown themsel ves to be
effecti ve. Therefore additives which have
been test ed for Volkswagen engines are
available from Volkswagen dealers in Ger­
many and in many export countries. The
Volkswagen dealers are al so informed with
regard to the use of additives, and they
know what to do in cases where deposits
have already built up.
83
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ = - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Diesel engines
Diesel fuel
to DIN 51 601.
eN1) not lower than 45.
Driving in winter
When using summer Diesel trouble may be
experienced at temperatures below Ooe
because the fuel thickens due to wax separ­
ation.
For this reason, w inter Diesel which is more
resistant to cold is sold during the winter in
Germany, and this works satisfactorily
down to between -15 and -22°e, depend­
ing on the type of fuel used.
In countries with different climatic condi­
tions the Diesel fuels offered have a differ­
ent temperature characteristic. Check with
Volkswagen dealers or filling stations in the
country concerned regarding the character­
istics of Diesel fuels.
Filter preheating
The vehicle is fitted with a filter preheater.
This will ensure, that the fuel system re­
mains operational down to about - 25°e
provided that winter Diesel which is cold re­
sistant down to -15°e is used. Diluting with
petrol is then no longer necessary under
these conditions.
If, at temperatures below - 25°e the fuel is
waxed to such an extent that the engine w ill
not sta rt it is sufficient to place the vehicle
in a warm room for a while .
Fuel additives (anti-waxing agents) and
similar fluids must not be mixed wi th the
Diesel fuel.
11 Cetane Nu bee indicates the ignltabill ty of
Diesel.
84
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Care of vehicle
Regular and careful care helps to
maintain the value of t he vehicle.
Furthermore it can be one of the sti­
pulations for the upholding of war­
ranty claims should corrosion dam­
age and paint defects occur.
Every Volkswagen dealer carries stocks of
suitabl e car care material s. The instructi ons
for use on the contai ner should be followed.
Attention
• If misused, car care materials
can be injurious to health.
• Car care materials must al­
ways be stored in a safe place
w here they are out of the reach of
chi ldren.
~ When buying car care materials
W one should select produc ts
which do not damage the environ­
ment. Empty cont ainers which
these materials were in do not be­
long with household waste.
Washing
The best protection against environmental
influences is frequent washing and waxing.
How often this treatment is required de­
pends, amongst other things on how much
the vehicle is used, how it is parked (garage,
in open under trees etc.), the seasons,
weather conditions and environmental in­
fluences.
The longer bird droppings, insects, tree
resin, road and industrial grime, tar spots,
soot, road salt and other aggressive ma­
teri als remain on the vehicle paint the more
lasting their destructive effect w ill be . High
temperatures e.g. from strong sunlight in­
tensi f ies t he corrosi ve effect.
In cert ain circumstances weekly washing
can be necessary, but month ly washing
with appropriate waxi ng may be fully ad­
equa te.
After the period when salt is put on the
roads the underside of the vehicle should al ­
ways be washed thoroughly.
Automatic wash plants
The vehicle paint is so durable that the ve­
hicle can normally be washed without prob­
lems in an automatic wash plant. However
the inf luence on the paint depends to a large
extent on the design of the plant, the filter­
ing of the wash water, the type of wash and
care material, etc . If the paint has a matt ap­
pearance after gOing through the wash
plant or is even scratched thi s shou ld be
brought to the notice of the plant operator
immediately If necessary a different wash
plant should be used.
Notes
• Before going through the wash plant,
apart from the usual precautions (closi ng
windows and sliding roof, retracti ng the aer­
ial) there is nothing further to note. The VW
roof aerial does not have to be taken off.
• If there are special f ittings on the vehicle
- such as spoilers, roof rack, two-way radio
aerial etc . it is best to speak to the plant op­
erator.
85
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Washing the vehicle by hand
~ In the interest s of envi ronmental
~ protection the vehicle should
only be washed in specially pro­
vided wash bays. In some districts,
washing cars elsewhere may even
be forbidden.
First soften the dirt with plenty of water and
rinse off as well as possible.
Th en clean the car with a soft sponge, glove
or brush starting on the roof and going from
t op to bottom using only slight pressure.
Paint shampoo should only be used for very
persistent dirt.
Rinse the sponge or glove out thoroughly at
sllort intervals.
Wheels and sil l panels should be cleaned
last, using a different sponge if possible.
After cleaning the vehi cl e, rinse thoroughly
wit h water and leather it off.
Notes
• The vehicle should not be washed In
strong sunshine.
• If the vehicle is rinsed with a hose, do not
direct the jet of water at the lock cylinders
- they can freeze up in the winter.
Washing vehicle with high pressure
cleaner
• The operating instructions for the high
pressure cleaner must be followed closely
- particularly with regard to pressu re and
working distance.
• Do not use a concentrated Jet.
• The water temperature must not be
above 60°e.
Attention
Tyres must never be cleaned with
a concentrated jet! Even at a rela­
tively large working distance and
a very short spraying time, dam­
age can occur.
Waxing
A good coat of "vax protect s the vehicle
paintwork to a large extent against the envi­
ronmental influences listed under "Wash­
ing" on the previous page and even against
light mechanical damage
At the latest when water on the clean paint
does not form small drops and roll off, the
vehicle should be protected by applying a
coat of good hard wax. Even when a wax
solution is used regularly in the washing
water it is advisable to prot ect the paint vVlth
a coat of hard wax at least twi ce a year.
Polishing
Should only be done if paint has lost its
shine and gloss cannot be brought back
with wax. If the polish used does not con­
tain preservative compounds, t h ~ pain t
must be waxed afterwards.
Note
Matt painted and plastic parts should
not be treated with pol is h or hard wax.
86
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Paint damage
Small marks in the paint su ch as scratches
or stone damage should be touched up im­
mediately with paint (Volkswagen touch-up
stick or spray can) before the meta l starts to
rust.
However, should rust be found at any time
it must be removed thoroughly and then the
area treated first with an anti-corrosion
primer and then the correct paint applied.
You can of course have this work done by a
Volkswagen dealer.
The number of the original vehicl e paint is
given on the data sticker (see page 147 )
Windows
Remove snow and ice f rom w indows and
mirrors with a plastic scraper only To avoid
scrat ches due to dirt on the glass, the
scraper should onl y be pushed in one direc­
tion and not moved to and fro.
Traces of rubber, oil, grease or silicone can
be removed with a window cleaning sol­
ution or a si licone remover.
- he windows should also be cleaned on the
nside at regular intervals.
00 not dry the w indows with the leather
used for the paintwork because traces of
paint cleaner wil l cause streaks to appear on
the glass.
To avoid damaging the heating element
wires in the rear window do not put
stickers over the wires on the inside.
Door, boot and window
weatherstrips
The w eatherstrips wi ll remain flexible and
last longer if they are rubbed lightly with a
rubber protecti ve compound from time to
time. This will also stop the weatherstrips
from freezing on in the w inter.
Plastic parts and leatherette
Exterior plasti c parts are cleaned wi th nor­
mal w ashing and interior parts with a damp
cloth. If this is not suff icient. these parts and
leatherette may only be cleaned with
special solvent-free plastic cleaners .
Upholstery cloth and textile
trim
Upholst ery cloth and texti le trim on door
panels, parcel shelves, luggage compart­
ment covers, headlining ete. must be
cleaned with special cl eaners or dry foam
and a soft brush .
Leat her
Leather should, depending on usage, be
treated from time to time in accordance
wi th the following instruct ions. It must be
noted that on no account may solvents,
f loor w ax, shoe polish, spot re­
mo vers and si milar products be
used for thi s purpose.
For the norma l clean ing of leather covered
steering wheels, seat upholstery etc. a cot­
ton or woollen cloth light ly moistened with
water should be used to clean dirty leather
surfaces. Dirtier areas can be cl eaned with
a mild soap solution (2 dessert spoonfuls of
a neutral soap to 1 li tre of water) . It is essen­
tial to note that the leather must not be
made too wet and that no water seeps
th rough the seams. After cl eani ng, wipe dry
wi th a soft cloth.
Furthermore we recommend that. with nor­
mal usage, the leat her is treated at half­
yearly interva ls with a special leather care
agent which can be obtained from Volks­
wagen dealers. This agent is to be applied
very sparingly. After it has dried in, wipe
w ith a soft cloth.
87
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Cleaning seat belts
Keep belts clean because they may not
retract properly if very di rty.
Dirty belt s can be cleaned by washing with
a mild soap solution without taking the belts
out of the vehicle.
Note
Inert ia reel belts should be completel y dry
before they are allowed to roll up.
Attention
Do not have the belts cleaned
chemically because the cleaning
compounds damage the webbing
material. Ensure that the belts do
not come into contact with cor­
rosive fluids.
Steel wheels
The wheels and the wheel trims should be
cleaned thoroughly at regular intervals
w hen the vehicle is being washed. This w ill
prevent brake dust, dirt and road salt f rom
accumulating on the wheel. Persistent
ingrained brake dust can be removed With
an industrial grime remover. Paint damage
should be repai red before rust can form.
Alloy wheels
In order to maintain t he smart appearance
of al loy wheels for a long period, regular
care is necessary. In particular, salt and
brake pad dust must be washed off thor­
oughly at least every two weeks otherwise
the surface of the alloy Will be damaged
After being w ashed, the w heels shou ld be
treated with an acid-free cleaner for al loy
wheels. About every three months it is
necessary to gi ve wheels a good rubbing
with hard wax. Paint polish or other abrasive
solutions must not be used. If the protecti ve
paint coat has been damaged, eg. by stone
impact, the damaged spots should be dealt
with as soon as possible.
Cleaning and anti-corrosion
treatment of engine compart­
ment
Attention
Before doing any work in the en­
gine compartment it is essential
to read the notes on page 91!
The leaves, blossoms etc . w hich drop into
the water box (underneath the engine
bonnet in f ront of the windscreen) should
be cleaned out occasional ly This w ill pre­
vent the water drain holes becoming
blocked and - on vehicles without a fresh air
filter - foreign bodies entering the vehicle
interior via the heating and ventilat ion sys­
tem.
Attention
For safety reasons pull out igni­
tion key before reaching into the
water box. Otherwise if the wind­
screen wipers are switched on
unintentionally the movement of
the wiper linkage could cause in­
jury.
The engine compartment and the outsi de
surface of the power unit are given anti-cor­
rosion treatment at the factory.
In th e winter w hen the vehicle is being
driven frequ ently on salted roads, good anti­
corrosion treatment is very important. For
this reason the entire engine compartment
and the plen um chamber should be thor­
oughly cleaned before and after the salting
period and then preserved so that the salt
cannot have a damaging effect
The ignition must be switched off
before washing the engine.
If the engine compartment is cleaned at any
time with grease removi ng solutions 1) or if
one has the engine washed, the anti -cor­
rosion compound is nearly always removed
as wel l. It is therefore essential to ask for
durable preservation of all surfaces, seams,
joints and components in the engine com­
partment to be carried out. This applies also
1) Onl y the corree cleaning sol utions may be
used - on no aecoun petrol or Diesel.
88
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
w hen corrosion protected parts are re­
ewed.
dih Because when washing the en­
~ gine petrol, grease and oil de­
posits are washed off, the dirty
water must be cleaned by an oil sep­
arator. For this reason engine wash­
ing should only be carried out in a
workshop or filling station.
\folkswagen dealers have stocks of the
high-quality cleaning and preservation ma­
terials recommended by the factory and
have the equipment necessary to appl y
them .
Underseal
The underside of the vehicle is coated with
a special compound to protect It from cor­
rosion and damage.
How ever, as this protective layer becomes
am aged when the vehicle is in use, the
protecti ve coating under the body and on
the running gear should be examined at de­
fi ned intervals - preferabl y before and after
the winter season - and any damage made
good.
Volkswagen dealers have stocks of the cor­
rect compound, have the necessary equip­
ment and are famil iar w ith th e application
procedure. We advise you therefore to have
the patching up or additional coating done
by a Vol ksw agen dealer.
Note for vehicles with a catalytic
converter
Due to the high temperatures which occur
in the aft erburning process, additional heat
shi elds are fitted over the catalytic con­
verter. Underbodysealant must not be ap­
plied to these shields, the catal ytic con­
verter or the exhaust pies. Removal of the
heat shields is also not permissible.
Cavity preservation
All cavities on the vehicle which could be
susceptible to corrosion are given perma­
nent protect ion at the factory.
This coating does not need checking or any
subsequent treatment. Should a small
amount of wax run out of the cavities at high
ambient temperatures it can be removed
with a plastic scraper and some white spirit.
Note
On no account allow the tail lights to com e
Into contact wit h dry cleaning sol vent.
<i> If the wax which has run out is
removed with clean petrol, heed
the safety and environmental
protection regulations.
89
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Bonnet
To release lock, pull lever on left under in­
strument panel until bonnet springs up
slightly.
Note
Before opening the bo nnet ensure that the
wiper arms are not lifted off the wind­
screen. Otherwise damage can occur to the
palntwork.
To open, lift bonnet slightly and disengage
hook by pressing it to the side.
Lift bonnet, take rod out of clip and put end
of rod in hole provided (see right illustra­
tion)
To close, lift bonnet slight ly and unhook
rod. Press rod into retaining cl ip on front
cross panel. Let bonnet fall into the lock
from a height of about 30 cm - do not press
it down.
B1H-043
Attention
For safety reasons the bonnet
must always be properly closed
when vehicle is moving. Always
check therefore after closing the
bonnet that the lock is engaged.
This is the case when the bonnet
is flush with the adiacent body
panels.
Should you notice at any time when driving
that the bonnet is not properly secured,
stop at once and close it.
90
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Engine c ompartment
Page
Engine oil dipsti ck . . 94
2 - Engine oil fi ller openi ng ... . ..... . 94
3 - Coolant expansion tank .. 97
4 - ATF-dipsti ck " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
5 - Power assisted steeri ng
flu id reservoir '
6 ­ Brake fl uid re servoir .
7 - Wi ndscreen w ash er container
8 ­ Battery .
Attention
Particular care should be taken
when working in the engine com­
partment!
• Switch off engine. remove
ignition key_
• Pull handbrake on firmly.
• Move gear lever into neutral or
"P" position.
• Allow engine to cool off.
• As long as the engine is at op­
erating temperature:
- Do not put your hand into the
radiator fan. it could switch on
suddenly.
- Do not open the radiator cap be­
cause the cooling system is
under pressure.
• Avoid causing short circuits in
the electrical system - particu­
larly at the battery -.
. .. 96
. .. 99
103
100
• If tests have to be ca rried o ut
with the eng ine running. there is
an additional dange r present
from rotating parts - e .g . ribbedl
V-belts, alternator, ra d iat or f an
etc. - and from the high voltage
ignition system.
Attention must be paid t o the
wa r nings given in this Instruc­
tion Manual and to the generally
a pplica ble s afety regulations .
When topp ing up fl uids one should
ensure that they are not mistaken.
one for the other, under any circum ­
stances. otherwise serious f u nc­
tional defects will result.
rJjh So that leaks are quickly de­
(!J!J tected the ground underneath
the vehicle should be checked reg­
ularly. If spots as caused by oil or
other operating fluids can be seen,
the vehicle should be taken to the
workshop for checking.
91
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Engine oil
Viscosity and specification
A special, high quality multigrade oil is put in
the engine at the factory and thi s can be
used all the year round - except in very cold
climates.
The specifications shown on thi s page must
be marked either separately or toget her
with other specifications, on the containers.
When topping-up, the oils can be mixed
with one another.
The viscosity class of the oil must be se­
lected in accordance wi th the illustration. If
the ambient temperature exceeds the given
range briefly, the oil does not need to be
changed.
Important note
Quite naturally engine oils are also being
continuall y developed. For this reason the
statements in this Instruction Manual are
only in line with the current state at th e time
of going to press.
Volkswagen dealers are kept up-to-date by
the factory regarding changes. For this rea­
son the oil change should preferably be
done by a Volkswagen dealer.
80
60
20
10
40
--- --­
00
0
MM
20
?:?:
-10
,,",0
0
-20
-20
Petrol engines
A - Multigrade improved lubricity engine
oils, specification VW 500 OOn
B - Multigrade oils, specification \lW
501 01
- Multigrade oils, specification API-SF2)
or SG2)
1) This VW norm is followed by a date. This
should !'lOt be earlier than ) 0.91.
21 These oils should only be used if no other ap­
proved oil IS ava ilable.
Diesel engines
A - Multigrade improved lubri city oils,
specification VW 500 001) (for turbo­
diesel engines only in conjuncti on wit h
specification VW 505 00)
B - Multigrade engine oi ls, speci fication
VW 505 00 ) (suitable for all diesel en­
'
gines)
- Multigrade oils, specification API-CD
(with turbo-diesel only for topping-up
in an emergency)
- Multigrade oils, specif ication VW
501 01 ) (for turbo-di esel engines only
'
in conjunction w ith specification VW
50500).
92
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Oil characteristics
Mult igrade oils to VW Standard 501
01 and 505 00 are reasonably priced oils
. h the following properties
- Al l year round use in temperate climate
areas .
- Excellent cleaning capability.
- Efficient lubrication at all engine tem­
peratures and load conditions.
- High resistance to ageing.
The multigrade improved lubricity
oils as per VW Specification 500 00
h ve in addition the following advantages:
- All year round use at practically all tem­
peratures.
- Low frictional losses in the engine
- Best possible starting even at very low
temperatu res.
Notes
• Single grade oils. Due to their limited
viscosity ranges these oils are not generally
acceptable for all year round use .
Therefore these oils should only be used in
extreme climatic zones.
• When using SAE 5 W-30 multigrade oil,
continuous high engine speeds and engine
loading should be avoided. Thi s restriction
does not apply to multigrade improved lu­
bricity oils .
93
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Checking oil level
Every eng ine uses a certain amount of oil.
The oil consumption can be up to 1.0
litres per 1000 km - see also page 73. The
engine oi l level must therefore be checked
at regular intervals, preferably when f illing
the tank and before a long Journey.
The location of the dipstick (A) IS shown in
th e illustration.
Left-hand illustration - 40, 44 and 55 kW
(1 .6 Itr) en gi nes
Right-hand illustration - all other engines
The vehicle must be on a level surface when
checking the oi l level. After stopping engine
wait a few minutes for the oil to drain back
to the sum p.
Then pu ll the dipstick out, wipe it with a
clean cloth and insert again
Then pull dipstick out again and check th e oi l
level :
a - Oil must be topped-up.
Afterwards it suffices when the oil level
is somewhere in area (b)
b - Oi l can be topped-up.
It can then happen that the oil level is in
area (c)
c - Oil must not be topped-up.
When the engine is working hard such as ir
sustained high-speed motorway cruising in
summer, when towing a trailer or w hen
climbing mountain passes, the oil leve!
should be kept at area (c) (not above).
Note
If t he di psti ck does not have an offset in
measuring area, the upper and lower ends
of the etched area forrn the MAX. and MIN.
marks. The oi l level must be between the
two marks. If it has dropped to the M I N.
mark, oil must be added, however on no
account above the MAX. mark.
94
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Topping up engine oil
Unscrew the cap (b) from oil f il ler opening in
cylinder head cover and pour 0 11 in 0.5 litres
at a ti me. Then check level with the dipstick.
On no account must the oil level be
above area C. Otherwi se oi l can be drawn
nto the engine via the crankcase breather
and escape into the atmosphere via the ex·
haust system. On vehicl es fitted with a
catal ytic converter, the oil could burn inside
the converter causing it to become dam·
aged
Attention
When topping up the oil. do not
spill it onto hot engine compo­
nents - danger of fire.
Carefully close the fill er cap and push the oil
ipstick in as far as possible, thi s w ill pre­
vent oil spill when the engine is running.
Changing engine oil
The engine oil must be changed at the inter­
vals given in the service schedule.
Attention
Old oil must be stored out of
reach of children until it is dis­
posed of in the correct manner,
r1Ib On no account must oil be
~ poured down d,'ains or into
earth.
Because of the disposal problems,
the necessary special tools and
specialist knowledge required the
engine oil and filter changing should
preferably be done by a Volkswagen
dealer.
Engine oil additives
No additives should be mixed with
the engine oil.
A ny damage caused by the use of
such additives will not be covered
by the warranty.
95
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Automatic transmission fluid (ATF)*
The ATF' ) level must however be
checked between the interva ls given in the
Service Schedule. To do this the vehicle
must be standing on a level surface. The
level must only be checked when the ATF is
warm ( approximately 10 km after starting
from cold the ATF wi ll reach the required
temperature). If ATF is cold or too hot the
reading w ill be incorrect.
The engine must be running at idling speed,
the handbrake must be appl ied and the se­
lector lever at "N ".
To check, pull dipstick (see Fig .) out. wipe
with a clean lint-free rag and then insert it
fully again.
Pull the dipstick out and check ATF level.
When the ATF is warm the level must
11 Automatic Transmission Flui d
- Specificati on ATF Dexron®
be between the two marks - other­
w ise the vehicle must be taken to a Volks­
wagen dealer without delay so that they can
find the reason for the incorrect level. It is
not sufficient to merely top up or drain off
ATF.
Changing oil
The ATF must be changed at the intervals
given in Service Schedule.
r£il:-, Because of the disposal prob­
~ lems, the special tools necessary
and the specialist knowledge re­
quired, the ATF changing should
preferably be donfY'by a Volkswagen
dealer.
Note
• No additives may be mixed with
ATF
Power assisted steering
The reservoir is located in the engine com­
partment next to the battery.
The power assisted steering is fil led with
our hydraulic oil G 002 000.
The level can only be checked With the en­
gine at normal operating temperature but
not running.
The oil level should always be between the
"MAX." and "MIN" marks. When the level
has dropped down below the "MIN" mark
the power assisted steering should be
ched:ed at a Volkswagen dealer. It is not
suff iCient merely to top up wi th hydraulic oi l.
96
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Cooling system
The cooling system is fi lled at t he f actory
with a permanent coolant which is not
changed. The coolant consists of water and
a 40 % concentration of our coolant additive
G 11 V8B (anti-freeze on glycol basi s with
anti-corrosion addit ives). Thi s mi xt ure not
only gives the necessary frost protection
down to -25°C but also protects the alloy
parts in the cooling system against cor­
rosion. In addit ion it prevents scal ing and ra­
ises the boiling point of the coolant
The concentration of the coolant therefore
must not be reduced in the summer or in
warm countries, by tOPPing up wi th plain
w ater. The coolant additive propor­
tion must be at least 40 %.
If greater protecti on agai nst frost is re­
quired, the proportion of G 11 V8B additive
can be increased, but onl y up t o 60 % (I rost
protection to approx. -40 Cl. ot herwise the
anti-freeze protection is reduced and fur­
thermore the cool ing effect is impaired.
Vehicles for export to cold countri es usually
have frost protection down t o -35°C.
Only our G 11 V8B or an additi ve wi th the
specification TL- VW 774 B (marked on
container) should be added to the coolant.
The additives can be obtained from Volks­
wagen dealers.
Other additives can be very detri­
mental t o t he anti·corrosion effect
i n particular.
The subsequent corrosion damage
can lead to coolant loss resulting in
major engine damage.
Checking coolant level
The expansi on t ank is in the engine com­
partm ent on the bulkhead - see Fig
The level can only be checked properly
when engine is not running.
The coolant level must be between the MIN
and Mt>,X marks on expansion tank when
engine is cold and can be slightly above the
MAX mark when it is warm .
07
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Coolant losses
Coolant loss normally indicates leaks in the
system . In this case the cooling system
should be checked by a Volkswagen dealer
wit hout delay. It is not sufficient merely to
add coolant.
Ii'! ~ ~ M I ~ d ~ v ~ t ~ m IMMS canonly occur if
the boiling point of the coolant is exceeded
as a result of overheating, and coolant is
forced out of the system.
Topping up coolant
Switch engine off and let it cool down . Then
cover expansion tank cap with a cloth and
turn cap carefully to the left and remove.
Attention
Do not remove expansion tank
cap when engine is hot - Danger
of scalding.
System is under pressure.
If, in an emergency only water can be
added the correct mixture concentration
must be restored with the specified coolant
additive (see previous page) as soon as
possible.
If a lot of coolant has been lost. on ly add cold
coolant after the engine has cooled down.
This will prevent engine damage.
Do not fill above the MAX. mark.
The excess coolant will be forced out
through the pressure rel ief valve in the cap
when engine becomes hot.
Screw cap on again tightly.
Attention
The coolant additive and the
coolant are a danger to health.
The additive must therefore only
be stored in the original con­
tainer well out of reach of
children. If the coolant has to be
drained at any time it must be
caught and also stored in a safe
place.
dih Drained coolant should not nor­
~ mally be reused, i t must be dis­
posed of, bearing in mind environ­
mental protection regulations.
Fan
The radiator fan is driven electrically and
controlled by a thermoswitch from the cool­
ant temperature (also from the engine com­
partment temperature on some models).
Attention
After the engine has been
stopped the fan can continue
running for a while - even with
the engine switched off - (up to
about 10 minutes). It can also
start to run again suddenly after
a short time if
- the coolant temperature in­
creases due to heat build-up
when engine is hot and the en­
gine compartment is heated
additionally by strong sun­
light.
Special care must therefore be
taken when working in the en­
gine compartment.
98
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Brake fluid
The brake fluid reservoir is on the left in the
engine compartment.
On vehicles wi th ABS* the brake fluid reser­
voir can be found in the same place, only the
shape of the reservoir is different to that
shown.
On vehicles with right-hand drive the reser­
voir is on the other side of the engine com­
partment.
Checking fluid level
The fluid level must always be between the
" MAX" and "MIN" marks.
The level of flu id tends to sink slightly when
the vehicle is used due to the automatic ad­
Justment of brake linings. This IS quite nor­
mal.
However, if the level sinks noticeably in a
short time or drops below the" MIN" mark
the system may be leaking. A low fluid level
in the reservoir is indicated by the brake
wa rning lamp lighting up (see page 48 also)
If this happens, take car to a Volkswagen
dealer immediately and have the brake sys­
tem checked.
Renewing brake fluid
Brake fluid absorbs moisture. In the course
of time it takes in water from the ambient
air. Too high a content of water in the brake
fluid can In time cause corrosion damage in
the system Furthermore the boiling point
of the brake fluid IS reduced considerably.
For this reason the brake fluid must
be renewed every f'wo years.
Attention
When the brake fluid becomes
too old vapour bubbles can form
in the brake system when the
brakes are used hard. The effi­
ciency of the brakes and thus the
vehicle safety is then seriously
affected.
Only use our genuine brake fluid (spec ifica­
tion to US standard FMVSS 116 DOT 4).
The fluid must be new.
Attention
Brake fluid is poisonous!
It must therefore only be stored
in the closed original container
out of reach of children.
Remember also that brake fluid will
attack the paintwork.
,.Q,., Because of the disposal prob­
~ lems, the special tools necessary
and the specialist knowledge re­
quired, the brake fluid changing
should preferably be done by a
Vo/kswagen dealer.
It is advisable to have the fluid change car­
ried out during an Inspection Service.
99
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Battery
The batt ery IS In the engine compartment.
Starting by connecting an addi tional battery
is descri bed in the Do-it-yourself secti on.
Attention
Note the f ollowing w a rning
n ote s a nd safety precautions
when working on the battery.
We ar eye protection. Do
not allow particles c o n­
t a ining acid or lead t o
c ome into c ontact with
the e yes, s kin or cloths.
Battery Jlcid is highly
caustic. Always wear pro­
tective gloves and
glasses. Do not tip bat­
tery - a c id can spill out of the
vents . Should acid conta ct the
eyes, rinse f or several minutes
using clea n running water. Seek
medical a s sist ance immediately.
Should aCi d cont act skin or
clot hes, neutrali ze immediately
using an alkaline soap solution
and ri nse thoroug hly. Should
acid ina dvertently be drunk, s eek
med ical attention immediately.
Keep a cid and battery out
of t he reach of children.
When battery is being
charged, a highly explos­
ive mixtu re of gases is
produced.
Keep we ll c le a r of naked
flame and sparks. Do not
smoke. Avoid generating
sparks when handling
cables and electrical compo­
ne nt s . Avoid s hort c ircuits.
Never s ho rt batte ry t e rminals ­
danger of injury from high­
e nergy s parks.
• Disconnect negative terminal
of battery before doing any work
on t he electrical syste m. When
changing bulbs it is suffi cient t o
s witch off lamp.
100
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
• When disconnecting the bat­
tery from t he vehicle electrical
system first disconnect the nega­
tive cable and t hen the positive
cable.
The battery must not be discon­
nected with t he engine runni ng,
as this will damage t he electrical
system (electronic components).
• When reconnecti ng t he bat ­
tery connect the positive cable
first and then the negative cable.
The connect i ng cables must on
no account interchanged - can
cause wiring t o burn out.
In order to protect the casing from
UV radiation, do not expose battery
t o direct sunlight.
Checking acid level
In normal operating conditions the battery
requires hardly any maintenance. At 111 (;) 11
ambient temperatures Ilowever It IS advI s­
able to check t he acid level at regular inter­
al s. It should always be bet ween the MIN
and MAX marks on t he battery
If t he acid level drops below the MIN mar k,
the affected cells must be topped-up to the
MAX mark With dist illed water.
It is recommended that the acid level is
checked and corrected by a Volkswag en
dea ler.
Winter driving
Winter weather is part icularly hard on the
battery. Furt hermore at low temperatures it
has only a part of the capacity it has at nor­
mal temperatures. We recommend there­
fore t hat the battery should be checked pre­
ferably by a Volkswage1l dealer before the
onset of cold weather and charged if
necessary
If the vehicle is not driven for sev­
eral weeks when t emperat ures are
very low, t he battery should be
taken out and stored i n a frost-free
room, so that it cannot f reeze up and
become damaged.
To ake battery out, first disconnect the two
cables and then remove retainer.
Charging battery
When charging with a low current (e.g. wi th
a smal l charger) the battery cables need not
normally be taken off . The instructions from
the charger manufacturer must however be
noted.
Before Quick charging, that is charging
wi t h a high current, both battery cables
must be disconnected .
The following information must be noted:
• When charging the battery do not re­
move caps.
• A discharged batt ery can freeze at
-10°e. It is essential to thaw out a
frozen battery before it is given a
quick charge otherwise it may ex­
plode!
• The mains cable of the charger should
not be connected unti l after the cl ips of the
charger have been properly secured to the
battery ter minals
Red =pos it ive
Black = negative
• Reconnect cables correct ly after charg­
ing battery.
101
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Spark plugs V-belts
Renewing a battery
If the battery has to be renewed, the new
battery must have the same capacity, volt­
age (12 Volts). current strength and shape
and a cap sealing arrangement. Volkswagen
dealers have a range of suitable batteries.
&-. Because of the problem of dis­
~ posing of the old battery the re­
newal of a battery should preferably
be done by a Vo/kswagen dealer.
Batteries contain, amongst other
things, sulphuric acid and lead and
must on no account be put with nor­
mal household waste.
The spark plugs are renew ed during the
Volkswagen Inspection Service
If the spark plugs have to be renew ed be­
tween the Inspection Services, the fOllow­
ing should be noted:
• Spark plugs and ignition system are
matched to the engine and as such contrib­
ute to reducing the levels of exhaust pollu­
tants. To avoid faulty operation, engine
damage and even the w ithdrawal of the
type approval due to excessive emissions
values or non -suppressed spark plugs, only
the Genuine Volkswagen spark plugs for the
engine concerned should be used. Import­
ant, am ong other thing'S, are the number of
electrodes, the heat value and if necessary
the radio suppression .
• The plugs may be, for technical reasons,
changed at short notice. It is therefore ad­
visable to obtain plugs only from Volks­
wagen dealers - they have the latest in­
formation
• The V-belts are among the most se­
verely stressed parts of a vehicle. The belts
must therefore be subjected to very high
quality requirements.
• When renewing a belt it is not sufficient
to use just any belt of the same size. For
safety reasons only the special Genuine
Volkswagen belt for the vehicle concerned
should be used.
• The V-belts may be, for technical rea­
sons, changed at short notice. It is therefore
advisable to obtain V-belts onl y from Volks­
wagen dealers and t o have them changed
there - they have the latest information.
• On some engines durable ribbed belts
are used, which are checked and if necess­
ary tensioned during an Inspection Service
(every 60,000 km/40,OOO miles).
102
Washer system
The fluid container is on the left of the en­
gine compartment. The container holds
about 4 litres, on vehicles with headlight
washer system * about 7 litres. The con­
tainer illustrated is for vehicles with head­
light washer system.
The rear window washer is supplied w ith
f lu id from the container in the engine com­
partment.
Filling the container
It is advisable to add a window cleaning sol­
ution with a wax remover (with anti -freeze
additive in winter) to the water because
plai n water is not usually sufficient to clean
the glass and headli ght lenses quickly and
thoroughl y The mi xi ng ratios on the win­
dow cleaner packaging must be adhered to.
Even when heated windscreen
washer jets* are fitted, a w indow clean­
ing solut ion containing anti-freeze should be
added to the water in th e w inter.
Note
I'
If at any time no window cleaning solut ion
with anti-freeze additi ve is avai lable,
methylated spirits can be used. Do not,
under any ci rcumstances, add engine cool­
ing system fluid or other additives.
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Adjusting washer jets
When the vehicle is stationary, the water
should hit the windscreen approximately as
sh own .
The Jet for the rear w indow washer is in the
wiper shaft. The water jet should hit the
glass in the centre of the wiped area.
The jets can be adjusted with a needle.
The jets fo r the headlight washer sys­
tem* can only be adjusted with a special
tool. When adjustment is necessary, con­
tact your Volkswagen dealer.
103
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Windscreen wiper blades Dust and pollen fil ter*
Good wiper blades are essential for clear vi­
sion.
To prevent streaks from forming on the
glass the wiper blades should be cleaned
regularly with a window cleaning so lution .
When very dirty and full of insect remain s,
the blades can be cleaned with a sponge or
cloth.
Jerky operation of the w iper blades can be
caused by wax remains on the w indscreen,
after washing the vehicle in an automat ic
car- wash. Filling the windscreen washer
container with a window cleaner containing
a wax remover can cure the problem
For safety reasons the wiper blades shou ld
be renewed once or twice a year Wiper
bl ades can be obtained from all Volkswagen
dealers.
B1H 052 1
;
Changing w iper blades
Taking the wiper blade off
• Hinge the w iper arm up and position the
blade horizontally.
• Press the retaining spring (arrow A) and
push the blade towards the sc ree n at the
same time (arrow B)
Securing the w iper blade
The retai ning spring must engage audibly in
the w iper arm.
When fitting wiper blades with moulded
wind deflectors one should ensure that the
deflector is pointing downwards.
The dust and pollen filter for t he heating and
vent ilati on system can be found under the
two-piece cover on the right in the plenum
chamber. The fi lter should be changed in ac­
cordance with the detai ls given in the Ser­
vice Schedul es. If the air throughput re­
duces considerably, the filter shou ld be
chang ed earl ier:
• Loosen and remove tJ, e four plastic
screws.
• Pull off rubber seal on the bulkhead to
engine compartment upwards as far as
centre of vehi cle.
• Push the connect ing parts towards the
side of the vehicle.
• Push front cover upwards.
• Push back element spring clips and take
out el ement upw rds.
104
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Wheels
General notes
• New tyres do not give maximum grip
straight away and should therefore be run in
a moderate speeds and a careful style of
dri ving for about the first 100 km. This wi ll
"I elp to make the tyres last longer.
• The tread depth of new tyres can vary
due to constructi on and design features,
and depending on version and manufac­
:ures.
• Check tyres for damage from time to
-lin e (cuts, spl its, cracks and lumps) and re­
move any foreign bodies embedded in the
-reads.
• To avoid damage to tyres and wheels
drive over curbs and simi lar obst acles very
sl owly and as nearly at right angles as poss­
Ibl e.
Damage to w heels and tyres is not al ways
easy to see, so if you t hi nk that a wheel is
damaged, It must be checked by a Volks­
w agen dealer.
• Keep grease, 011 and fuel off the tyres.
• Replace missing dust caps as soon as
possible.
• Mark wheels before taking them off so
that they rotate in t he same direction when
put back on again
• When taken off, the tyres should be
stored in a cool, dry and preferably dark
place
Tyres which are not on wheels should be
stored In a vertical position.
Tyre life
Tyre life depends to a considerable extent
on the following factors:
Inflation pressure ..-
Tyre pressures can be found on page 141
and on a sticker on the inside of of the tank
filler flap - see page 81.
The inflation pressure is very important par­
ticularly at high speeds. Therefore, the pres­
sures should be checked at least once a
month and before every long Journey.
At this opportunity do not forget the spare
w heel
• On the temporary spare the pressure is
shown on the sidewall.
• The spare wheel w ith normal tyre shou ld
al ways be inflated t o the highest pressure
required on the veh icle.
• Always check the pressures when the
tyres are cold. When warm, the pres­
sure is higher but do not reduce. If
the load changes a great deal the pressure
must be altered to suit.
Pressures which are too high or too low
short en tyre life - quite apart from the detri­
mental influence on vehicle handling.
Attention
At continuous high speeds a tyre
in which the pressure is too low
flexes more and heats up excess­
ively. This can cause tread separ­
ation and tyre blowout.
dit-. A pressure which is too low in­
~ creases the fuel consumption
and this burdens the environment
unnecessarily.
Mode of driving
Fast cornering, hard acceleration and Viol­
ent braking also increase tyre wear.
105
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Balanci ng wheels
The wheels on new vehicles are balanced.
However when the vehi cle is running vari­
ous influences can cause the whee ls to be­
come unbalanced and this causes steering
vibration .
As imbalance also increases steering, sus­
pension and tyre wear the wheels should be
balanced again. Furthermore a wheel
shoul d always be rebalanced when the tyre
has been repaired or when a new tyre has
been fitt ed.
Incorrect wheel alignment
Incorrect wheel alignment not only causes
excessive, usuall y uneven tyre wear but
can also impair the car's safe hand li ng. If un­
usual tyre wear is noti ced, contact a Volks­
wagen dealer.
Wear indicators
At the bottom of the tread of the original
tyres there are 1.6 mm high " wear indica­
tors" running across the tread - see fig.
There are 6 - 8 of these indi cators - accord­
ing to make - evenly spaced around the tyre
circumference. Marks on the wal ls of t he
tyre (f or example the letters " TWI" or
triangles) show t he locati ons of t he wear
indi cators.
Attention
• At the latest when then the
tyres are worn down to the wear
indicators they must be renewed
without delay.
• Worn tyres are detrimental to
roadholding, particularly at high
speeds on wet roads. Moreover
the vehicle tends to aquaplane
sooner.
Note
When tread depth is down to 1.6 mm
measured in the tread groove next to the
wear indicator bar - t he official permissi bl e
minimum tread depth has been reached (i n
export countries this figure may dj"fer)
106
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
I S1H-053 I
Changing the wheels round
, the front tyres are worn more than the
rear it is advi sable to change the wheels
round as shown. Al l tyres wi ll then have ap­
proximately the same length of service life.
N ith certain types of tread wear it can be an
advantage to change the wheels diagonall y.
Jolkswagen dealers have the necessary in­
:ormation.
Renewing wheels/tyres
N heels and tyres are important design fea­
.ures. The wheels and tyres approved by us
should be used. They are special ly matched
~ o the model concerned and contribute
argely to the excellent roadholding and safe
dri ving characteri stics.
Volkswagen dealers are fully in­
formed as to which makes of tyre
are approved by us. Furthermore,
many Volkswagen dealers keep a
wide range of tyres and wheel s.
• Fitti ng and repairing tyres requires ex­
pert knowledge and special tools. This work
may only be carried out by specialist person­
nel.
r.Q:., Because of the problem of dis­
'{!J!J posing of the old tyres, the
special t ools necessary and the
specialist knowledge required, tyre
changing should preferably be done
by a Vo/kswagen dealer.
• For safety reasons the tyres shou ld be
renewed in pairs and not singly. The tyres
with the deepest tread shoul d always be on
the front w heels.
• Only combine radial ply tyres of the
same type, size (roll ing circumference) and
if possible the same tread pattern.
Apart from th is, on the Golf syncro the ve­
hicl e m ust be fi tted with tyres of the same
mak e. Otherw ise t he resulting speed dif­
ference between t he axles wi ll cause the
viscous coupli ng to increase the drive split
to the rear axl e unnecessa ril y Thi s can lead
to damage.
Different tread depths front to rear tyres,
e.g. due to wear is insignificant. It is though
recommended that tyres with the most
tread are fi tted on the front If the front tyres
are noticeably more worn than the rear they
have a smal ler ro lli ng radius and therefore
rotate quicker. This wi ll cause wind-up in the
transmission resul ti ng in more rapid tyre
wear. However increased wear to the f our
wheel drive system need not be feared.
To prevent wind-up from occurring, the Gol f
syncro is equipped with a larger temporary
spare wheel than the normal Golf models ­
see page 1 39.
The temporary spare from the nor­
mal Golf models must not be used.
• If the spare wheel differs from the ver­
sion fitted on the vehicle (e.g. winter tyres
or wide tyres) the spare may only be used
brief ly to replace a flat t yre and with an ap­
propriately careful style of drivi ng. It must
be replaced with the normal wheel as soon
as possible
107
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
• Never fit used tyres where their previ ­
ous history is not known.
• Knowing the tyre lettering and its
meaning makes the selection of the correct
tyres easier. Radial ply tyres have the fol­
lowing lettering on the sidewall:
e.g. 195/50 R 1582 V
195
50
R
15
82
V
Tyre w idth in mm
Height/width ratio in %
Radial constructi on code letter
= Radial
Wheel diameter in inches
Carrying capability code
Speed code letter
The manufacturing date is also to be
seen on th e tyre wall (possibly on ly on inner
side of wheel):
DOT ... 123 . . means that the tyre was pro­
duced in the 12th week of 1993.
Attention
Tyres which are more than 6
years old should only be used in
an emergency and then with a
particularly careful style of driv­
ing.
If you wish to fit your car with non­
standard wheels or tyres please
note:
Attention
• For technical reasons it is not
normally possible to use wheels
from other vehicles - in certain
circumstances not even wheels
from the same vehicle model!
• Using wheels and/or tyres
which have not been approved by
us for your vehicle model can be
detrimental to the safety of the
vehicle. It can also affect the ve­
hicle under the Construction and
Use regulations.
• If wheel trim discs or a front
spoiler are subsequently in­
stalled it is essential to ensure
that the air flow remains ad­
equate to cool the brakes.
• On the BBS alloy wheels with
the bolted-on outer ring* the
multi-point screws must not be
loosened under any circum­
stances. The wheels could than
leak air - Accident danger!
Volkswagen dealers have all the necessary
information about the possible conversion
of wheels, tyres and wheel trims.
108
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Winter tyres
winter conditions win ter tyres w ill dis­
- nctly improve the vehicle's handling even
the case of four wheel drive vehicles. This
appli es In particular to vehicles that are
equipped with w ide/high-speed tyres (Code
ett ers H or V in the tyre designation on the
: re wall). Because of their construction
,lIdth, rubber mixture, tread formation etc)
:n se tyres provide less traction on ice and
snow.
hen fitting winter tyres note the f ollow­
ng:
• Only radial ply winter tyres may be fitted.
he factory recommended tyre si zes are
gi ven on page 139.
• To obtain the best possible handl ing
characteristics, winter tyres must be fitted
on all fou r wheels.
• The pressures for winter tyres must be
0.2 bar higher than with summer tyres ­
see Techni cal Data on page 142.
• Winter tyres are no longer fully effecti ve
hen the tread has worn down to a depth
of 4 mm.
The following speed limits are vali d for
winter tyres:
Code letter Q max. 160 km/h
Code letter T max. 190 km/h
Code letter H max. 210 km/h
In Germany, vehicles w hich can exceed this
speed must have an appropriate sticker in
the driver's field of view. Suitable stickers
are available from Volkswagen dealers.
Please note regulations to this effect in your
country.
• All-weather tyres can also be used in­
stead of wi nter tyres.
• If you have a flat tyre the remarks on
using the spare wheel on page 114 should
be noted.
• Do not leave winter tyres fitted for an un­
necessary long period because w hen the
roads are free of snow and ice the handling
wi th summer tyres is better.
r:lil:.-. For environmental reasons
(!Jtf summer tyres should be fitted
again as soon as possible because
normally they are quieter in running,
tyre wear is reduced and the fuel
consumption is lower_
Snow chains
Snow chains can be used on all tyre sizes
listed on page 139. The chains may only
be fitted on the front wheels - this
applies also to the syncro.
The use of snow chains on the temporary
spare wheel is not permitted for technical
reasons. Further details are given on page
114.
Only use thin chains w hich do not stand
clear more than 15 mm (including ten­
sioner).
When using snow chains wheel trim plates
and trim rings must be ta ken off . For sa fety
reasons the wheel bolts must then be fitted
with caps w hich are available from Volks­
wagen dealers.
When driving over roads whic h are free of
snow you must remove the chains. On such
road s they are detrimental to vehic le handl­
ing, damage the tyres and wear out Quickly.
In Germany, the maximum permissible
speed w ith snow chains is 50 m/h
109
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Driving abroad
If the vehicle IS to be taken abroad, the fol­
lowing must also be borne in mind:
• If the ve hicle has a petrol engine and
catalytic converter, one must ensure that
unleaded petrol will be available during the
journey - see page 92. The automobi le
clubs offer information about the unl eaded
filling station network.
• Although there are more than 10 000
Volkswagen dealers all over the world to
service Vol kswagen vehicles there are
countries in which only a limited amount of
service is avai lab le or none at all.
• In certain countries it is also possible
that your vehicle model is not sold so that
certain spare parts will not be available or
that the Volkswagen personnel are not fam­
iliar with the repair procedure should any­
thing go wrong.
The Volkswagen Sa les Centres in Germany
or the Importer concerned will be only too
pleased to give advice on the necessary
technical preparation of the vehicle, on the
maintenance required and on th e repair
possibilities.
The addresses are given in the vehicle
wall et.
Masking headlights
When the vehicle is used in a country which
drives on the opposite side of the road tothe
home country, the asymmetr ic dipped
headlights wil l dazzle oncoming traffic .
To prevent this, the wedge-shaped sector
on the headlight lenses must be covered up
with an opaque adhesive strip.
The illustration shows t he strip install ed for
the change from right-hand to left-hand
traffic.
110
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Mobi le tel ephones and
Accessories, mods. and renewal of parts two-way radi os
- he Golf is built in accordance wit h the
"n ost modern principles of safety technol­
'Jgy and offers therefore a high degree of ac­
,lYe and passive saf ety. To ensure that this
remains so the vehicl e as supplied by the
;actory may not be modifi ed without careful
hought. The following points must be
noted if the vehicle is to be subsequently
(tted with accessories, technically modi­
' ied or have parts renewed later on:
• Always consult a Volkswagen dealer be­
fore purchasing accessories and before
any modifications are carried out becau se
cl ose cooperation with us the
Volkswagen Organisation is particularly
competent in such matters.
Attention
In your own interests we recom­
mend that only genuine acces­
sories or only expressly
Volkswagen accessories I and
Genuine Volkswagen Parts are
used on your Golf. The reliability,
safety and suitability of these ac­
cessories and these parts has
been specially determined for
the Golf
. ) No! availabl e in all Export markets.
• Despite continuous market ob­
servation we cannot assess or ac­
cept responsibility for other
products even though in some
cases approval has been given by
a legally appointed test centre or
an official permit has been given.
• Approved Vo lkswagen accessories and
Genuine Vol kswagen Parts can be obtained
from Volkswagen dealers who will of
course carry out the fitting correctly.
• Additionall y connected electric con­
sumers e.g. cold box, horns, fans etc. must
correspond to the electromagnetic com­
patibility as pel' DI VDE 40 839. Otherwise
functional defects can occur in the vehi cl e.
• If technical modifications are to be
made, our gu idelines must be observed .
Thi s is to ensure that no damage occurs to
the vehicl e, the t raffic and operating safety
is retained and that the modifications are
permissible. Volkswagen dealers wil l also
carry out th is work correctly or will recom­
mend a special ist workshop
Mobile telephones or two-way ra­
dios must not be operated inside the
vehicle without a separate external
aerial.
The use of mobile telephones and two-way
radios can result in extremely high electro­
magnetic fields generated in the vehicle in­
terior (resonance effect). In suc h cases ma l­
functions of the vehicle electronics cannot
be ru led out.
Attention
Mobile telephones and two-way
radios operated inside the ve­
hicle without a separate external
aerial can be injurious to health
due to the extremely high elec­
tromagnetic fields generated!
Furthermore, optimal range is only achieved
with an external aerial.
Note
The operating instructions of the
mobile telephone or two-way radio
must be adhered to!
111
DO-lT-YOURSELF
First aid kit, warning triangle
A standard first aid kit fits together with a
warning triangle of the type shown here, in
the mounting on left of luggage compart­
ment. On the sa loon they are also secured
with a rubber band.
Saloon: left-hand illustration
Estate: right-hand illustration
Note:
The first aid kit and w arning triangle are not
part of the equipment supplied w it h t he ve­
hicl e.
112
DO-lT-YOURSELF
Storage of vehicle tools, spare wheel and
ball coupling* of trailer bracket
On both the Golf saloon and the Golf estate
the vehicle tools are stored in a recess be­
neath the floor covering in the luggage com­
partment.
On the estate the w ell is closed with a lid.
To take off the lid the handles of the two fas­
teners must be lifted and the fasteners
turned to the left - see right-hand illustra­
ion.
Golf saloon
On the Golf saloon, the vehicle tools are lo­
cated in the spare wheel recess and are se­
cured with a rubber strap.
On vehicles with a towing bracket* with re­
movable ball coupling there is a plastic foam
part underneath the vehicle tools in w hich
the ball head is stored. Instructions on cor­
rect stowage of ball coupling can be found
in a linen bag in the vehicle luggage com­
partment. On these vehicles the tools and
the plastic foam part are secured in the
spare wheel with a strap and buckle.
Golf estate
On the Golf estate, the vehicle tools and the
removable ball coupling (vehicles with
trailer bracket*) are stored in a recess next
to the spare w heel.
1 - Sealing plug for trailer bracket
2 - Removable ball coupling
When ball coupling is fitted, the cover
from the bumper can be stored here.
3 - Tool box with vehicle tools
4 - Plastic bag with instructions for fitting/
removing ball coupling and various
small parts
113
-----------------------
DO-lT-YOURSELF
Vehicle tools
Spare wheel
1 - Tool box
2 - Wire hook" for wheel trims
3 - Towing eye
4 - Hook* for w heel bolt caps
5 - Open Jaw spanner 10 x 13
6 - Jack handle
7 - Screwdriver with box spanner in handle
for the wheel bolts.
The screwdri ver blade is reversible.
8 ­ Wheel spanner (a lso wit h extendible
handle ")
9 ­ Jack
Before the Jack is placed back into the
tool box, the cl aw must be fully wound
back.
Attention
• The jack supplied by the fac­
tory is only designed for your ve­
hicle model. On no account
should heavier vehicles or other
loads be lifted!
• With the vehicle lifted. never
start the engine - danger of acci­
dent.
• If work has to be done under­
neath the vehicle. ensure that it
is supported on suitable stands.
A tool for removing and fitting the spark plug
connectors on the si x cylinder engine is at­
tached to the bonnet support.
The vehicle is equipped with a temporary
spare wheel
1
) Thi s wheel not only takes up
less space in the boot than a normal spare
wheel , it is also considerabl y lighter.
On the Golf saloon, the temporary spare
wheel is secured with the wheel bolt
spanner below (right-hand illustration) and
on the Golf estate with the vvheel bolt
spanner above (illustration next page).
11 In some export countries and on certain
models there is a normal sized spare wheel
in place of th e temporary spare. Note the in­
structi ons on page 107 when USing this
w heel.
114
DO-lT-YOURSELF
The pressure (4.2 bar) must be checked reg­
ularly so that the wheel is always ready for
use. The temporary spare w heel need not
be removed to do this. The valve is access­
ible through an opening in the wheel.
The w heel is located in the well under the
floor covering in the boot and is secured
with a plastic nut
When using the temporary spare
wheel. note the following points:
• This spare wheel is only for temporary
use, for short periods, in emergencies. It
must therefore be replaced by the normal
sized wheel as soon as possible .
• When the temporary spare has been
fitted, the tyre pressure must be checked as
soon as possible. The pressure should be
4.2 bar (60 psi) .
• Do not drive faster than 80 km/h (50
mph). Full throttle acceleration, hard braking
and fast cornering should also be avoided I
• The temporary spare is smaller
2
) than
the normal w heels and this reduces the
ground clearance under the axle concerned
by about 30 mm. To avoid damage to low
parts of the vehicle do not drive over large
obstacles or deep holes. Do not use auto­
matic washing plants when the temporary
spare is fitted - the vehicle could bottom.
2) On the Golf syncro the temporary spare
vvheel is roughly the same diameter as
a normal wheel. This helps to prevent
wind-up in the transmission .
• The temporary spare wheels for the vari­
ous Golf models have been specially devel­
oped for each vehicle type. They must not
therefore be exchanged or used on other
models. Likewise, temporary spares from
other vehicle models must not be used in its
place
• The use of snow chains on the tempor­
ary spare is not permissible for technical
reasons.
If snow chains have to be used and the tyre
on a front wheel becomes defective, the
temporary spare should be put on the rear
axle. The rear wheel removed is then fitted
in place of the defective front wheel. It is ad­
visable to fit the snow chains before putting
the wheel on. The tyre pressure must then
be corrected as soon as possible.
• No other type of tyre - normal or winter
tread - may be fitted on the temporary
spare.
• Never use more than one temporary
spare wheel at the same time.
115
DO-lT-YOURSELF
Changing wheels
Park the vehicle as far as possible away
from the traffic f low. If necessary switch on
emergency warning lights and place the
warning triangle in position - note legal re­
Quirements,
• All vehicles occupants should leave the
vehicle and move to a safe area (e,g, behind
the barrier),
• Apply handbrake firmly, If the car is on a
slope, block one of the wheels on the oppo­
site side with a stone or some similar ob­
ject.
• Take tools and spare wheel out of lug­
gage compartment.
• Remove wheel bolt caps:
- Remove wheel bolt caps with hook (from
vehicle tools),
- Remove wheel trim with the wheel
spanner and the wire hook (from vehicle
tools) ,
Depending on the t rim version, either put
the hook in the two holes on the edge of
the trim (VW emblem) or on the edge of
the trim itself, Pass wheel spanner
through hook and lever trim off - see left­
hand ill ustration,
Some alloy wheels have a trim which can
be levered off with the flat blade of the
screwdriver (from vehicle tools)
• Push the wheel spanner as far as poss­
ible onto the wheel bolt as shown and turn
the spanner anti-clockwise, When doing
this, gri p the spanner as far as possible to­
wards the lever end, The extendible handle
wheel spanner" can be used to loosen
wheel bolts with the extendible handle
pulled out.
If the bolts cannot be loosened, one can in
an emergency, carefully push the spanner
down wi th a foot on the end of the lever.
One should ensure that one is standing
properly and has a good gri p on the vehicle,
Loosen wheel bolts about one turn,
Attention!
On the BBS alloy wheels with the
bolted-on outer ring· the multi­
point screws must not be loos­
ened under any circumstances.
The wheels could then leak air ­
Danger of accident!
116
DO-lT-YOURSELF
B1H:D5SI
• Place lack under vehicle
- Depressions in the side member at front
and rear indicate the points at w hich the
jack must be fitted - see arrows in left­
hand illustration.
On vehicles w ith side member trims'
there are marks at these points.
These marks are about 17 cm from the
front and 25 cm from the rear wheel arch.
If the jack is not placed at the
marked points. the vehicle can be
damaged.
- Wind lack arm up by turning the T handle
in the spindle until the jack just goes
under the veh icle.
- The cla w of the jack must fit round the
vertical rib on the side member so that
the jack cannot slip when vehicle is lifted
- see centre illustration.
- If the ground is soft, place a large strong
piece of packing under the jack base
plate.
- Align lack and at same time wind claw up
further until it contacts the vertical rib on
side member - see right-hand illustra­
tion.
• Engage Jack crank in T-handle and lift ve­
hicle until the defective wheel is clear of
ground.
117
DO-lT-YOURSELF
• After loosening remove wheel bolts
using box spanner in screwdriver handle,
place them on a clean surface (hub cap,
cloth, paper) next to the jack and take the
wheel off.
• Fit spare w heel and lightly tighten all
bolts using box spanner in screwdriver
handle. The wheel bolts must be clean and
easy to turn - do not under any circum­
stances use grease or oill
• Lower vehicle and fully tighten bolts in
diagonal sequence.
With the extendible handle wheel
spanner* the wheel spanner must
not be used to tighten wheel bolts
with handle pulled out!
• On vehicles w ith normal spare, fit the
wheel trim again.
• Place defective wheel in well and secure
with wing nut.
Notes
• When using the temporary spare wheel
or a spare wheel which differs from those
on the vehicle, the points on pages 107 and
114 must be noted I
• Pay attention to the following after
changing a wheel:
- Check the tyre pressure immediatel y on
the spare wheel which has been fitted .
- Have the tightening torque of the wheel
bolts checked with a torque wrench as
soon as possible. The torque for steel
and alloy wheels, and for the temporary
wheel is 110 Nm .
If it has been established when changing
the wheel that wheel bolts are corroded and
hard to screw in, they must be renewed be­
fore checking the tightening torque.
Until these checks have been carried out
one should, for safety reasons, only drive at
a moderate speed.
• The defective wheel must be repaired as
soon as possible and, on vehicles with tem­
porary spare wheel, put back on vehicle im­
mediately. The wheel trim cover must also
be installed.
Attention
If the vehicle is to be subse­
quently fitted with wheels or
tyres which differ from those
fitted by the factory. it is essen­
tial to read the remarks in the
centre and right-hand columns
on page 108.
118
________
Fuses
The individual current circuits are protected
by fuses .
The panel w ith the relays and fuses is in the
front footwell behind a cover.
It is advisable to always carry a few spare
fuses on the vehicle. These can be obtained
from any Volkswagen dealer.
Changing a fuse
• Switch off the component concerned.
• Remove cover. To do this press both but­
tons in, pull front of cover down in direction
of arrow and take off.
• With the aid of the list of fuses (see next
page). determine w hich fuse belongs to the
component that has failed.
• Pull out the fuse concerned.
• Replace blown fuse - can be recognised
by the burnt metal strip - w ith a fuse of
same amperage.
• Insert the four lugs on the rear of the
cover into the trim and fold upwards until it
engages securely.
Notes
• If the newly inserted fuse blows again
after a short time, the electrical system
must be checked by a Volkswagen dealer as
soon as possible.
• On no account should fuses be
patched up because this can cause
serious damage elsewhere in the
electrical system.
• Some of the components listed are only
found on certain models or are optional ex­
tras.
119
DO-lT-YOURSELF
Fuse layout
(from left to rig ht)
No. Component A 1)
1 Dipped beam left,
headlight range control left 10
2 Dipped beam right,
head light ra nge co ntrol right 10
3 Instrument and number plate
lighting . 10
4 Rear w iper, slid ing/tilti ng roof , 15
5 Windscreen w ipe r, windscreen
and rea r w indow washer,
elec. heated windsc reen washer
jets . . . . . . 15
6 Blower, air co nditioner ... . 30
7 Tail and side light ri ght 10
8 Tail and side light left . . 10
9 Rear window heating, mirror
heating ... 20
10 Fog light s, rear fog light 15
11 Main beam left, main beam
w arnin g lamp 10
12 Mai n bea m right . 10
13 Horn, radiator fan (run-on) . 10
14 Reversi ng lights, electric out­
side mirrors, seat heating,
elec. w indows, air conditioner
cruis e control system 15
No. Component Amp. 1)
15 Engine el ectronics, cool ant
circulat ion run-on pump,
(six cylinder engine) .. . .. .. . . . 10
16 Warning lamps, glove box light,
cassette storage box light, 15
17 Turn sig nals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
18 Electri c fuel pump,
Lambda probe .. .. . . . ... .... 20
19 Radiat or fan, air conditioner. . 30
20 Brake lights, cruise control
system (tri gger contacts on
brake and clutch pedals) . 10
21 Interior and luggage compart­
ment lights, clock, cigarette lighter,
central locking, multi-function
indicator 15
22 Radio 10
Automatic fuse
All electric windows are protected to­
gether via an automatic fu se (see rig ht-hand
colum n) which breaks the circuit when
overloaded (e.g. windows frozen) and
makes the circuit again after a few seconds.
Additional fuses
(in separate holders)
• above the rela ys:
Fu se for ABS motor re lay. ..... . .... 30
Fuse for ABS main relay. ... 30
Fuse for normal air conditioner 10
Fuse for fresh air blower on
Climatronic ... ... ... . 30
Fuse for C1imatronic .. .... ... 5
Automatic fuse for electric w indows .. 20
Trail er permanent + 15
• in the engine compartment on the bulk­
head above the brake servo:
Diesel glow plugs
21
. . 50
Fuse colour code:
Light brown :
5 Ampere
Red: 10 Ampere
Bl ue: 15 Ampere
Yellow 20 Ampere
Green 30 Ampere
21 This fuse should onl y be renewed by a Volks­
wagen dealer.
1) Ampere
120
DO-lT-YOURSELF
Changing bulbs
Before starting to replace a bulb, swi tch off
the light concerned.
Do not touch the glass part of the new bulb
with bare fingers because the finger marks
left on the glass evaporate when the bulb
becomes hot. the vapour settles on the
reflector and dims it .
Always use the same type of bulb . The des­
ignati on is marked on the base of the bulb
or on the glass .
It is advisable to always a carry a box of
spare bulbs in the vehicle. These can be ob­
tained from Volkswagen deal ers. It should
contain at least the following bulbs w hi ch
are essential for traffi c safety:
12 V60/55W Main headlight (H4)
12 V 55 W Double headl igh t (H 1)
12 V 21W Turn signals
12 V 21W Brake light
12 V 5W Tail light
12 V4W Side light
12 V5W Number plate light
Glass base
Main headlight and si de light
bulbs
• Open bonnet.
• Turn headl ight cap in di rect ion of arrow
and ta ke it off.
• Pull connector off headlight bulb.
• On vehicles w ith separate main beam
headlights · before changing a bulb the
combined cover for the main headlight and
main beam headli ght must be removed. To
dothi s push down both spring straps and re­
move cover to rear. Carry out bulb change
on these vehicles as described under fo­
glights.
121
DO-lT-YOURSELF
• Press spring clip downwards in direction
of arro\lv (1) and fold to rear.
• Take bulb out and insert new bulb so that
the locating lug on the bulb plate engages
the recess in the reflector. The centre one
of the three terminals on bulb is then at the
top.
• Fold spring clip over the bulb plate and
press forwards, until the clip engages.
• Connect plug.
• Start cap so that after turning the word
TOP is at the top or on vehicles with separ­
ate main beam headlights guide cover into
the eyes at bottom and allow both upper
spring straps to engage.
• Have the headlight beam alignment
chec ked .
Side light bulb Fog lights*
• Open bonnet.
• With the flat screwdriver blade (from ve­
• Remove headlight cap - see removing
hicle tools) lever out cover trim forwards
main headlight bulb. and take out.
• Pul l bulb holder out of the reflector.
• Press defective bulb into holder, turn it to
the left and take it out.
• Insert new bulb.
• Insert holder in reflector.
• Refit cap - see chang ing main headlight
bulb.
122
DO-lT-YOURSELF
• Change screwdri ver blade round, re­
move both screws and pull headlight out
forw ards.
• Turn cover cap to left and take off.
• Pull bulb plug (A) out of wiring connector.
• Unhook bulb holder spring clip (8) (ar­
rows) and fold it away.
• Take out Hal ogen bulb. Insert new bulb
so that the lug in reflector engages in recess
in bulb plate.
• Swing spring clip over bulb plate,
squeeze ends t ogether and engage in re­
taining lugs.
• Insert bulb plug in cable connector.
• Plac e on cover cap and turn to right. The
wi ring connector is then on the right hand
side.
• Secure headlights with both screws.
• Place outer cover trim in retainers, then
swi ng trim to centre of vehicle and allow to
engage.
• Have beam alignment checked .
123
DO-lT-YOURSELF
• Disengage spring strap in direct ion of
Front turn signals
arrow and pull turn signal out forwards .
• Lever cover trim forwards w ith flat blade
screwdriver (from vehicle tool s) and re­
move.
• Turn bulb holder in direction of arrow and
take off .
• Press defect ive bulb into socket, turn it
to the left and take it out .
• Install new bulb and turn it to the ri ght
onto stop.
• Install bulb hol der and turn it slightly to
th e righ t onto stop.
• Place turn signal from outside with both
ret ai ning lugs in t he recesses in body and
allow spring straps to engage
• Refi t cover trim as desCi"lbed under
changing fogl ight bUlb.
124
DO-lT-YOURSELF
Side mounted turn signals
• Lever out turn signal - preferably with a
coin.
• Turn bulb holder slightly to left and take
off.
• Pull out defective glass based bu lb and
insert new bulb.
• Fit bulb holder and turn slightly to right
onto stop.
• Press turn signal securel y back into
opening in body
Rear lights
• Open tailgate.
• Open tailgate.
• Press both spring retainers towards
centre of bulb holder (arrows) and take out
holder.
On the estate, the spring retainers are lo­
cated above and below the bulb holder.
• Push defecti ve bulb into holder, turn to
left and take out.
• Insert new bulb and turn to right onto
stop.
• Insert bulb holder - the spring retainers
must engage.
Number plate light
• Open tailgate.
• Unscrew lens.
• Pull defective glass based bulb out of
bu lb holder and insert new bu lb.
• Do not overtighten lens . Ensure that the
seals on the securing screws are properly
located .
DO-lT-YOURSELF
B1 H-073
Luggage compartment light
On the saloon, the luggage compartment
light is located beneath the left-hand con­
sole of the luggage compartment trim. On
the estate, this light is installed in the roof
trim above the tai lgate.
• Remove luggage compartment light
downwards.
• Exchange bulb.
• Refit light
Glove box light
• Insert screwdriver on side between light
and glove box and carefully press light out.
Then take out the light upwards at an angle.
• Exchange bulb.
• When refitting insert bottom of light
first
Interior light
• Insert a knife or something similar in the
gap between housing and lens and carefully
lever lens off.
• Exchange bulb.
• Press lens back into housing.
Reading light
• Remove complete light carrier (Inner and
reading light), to do this insert the flat blade
of screwdriver (is in long end of wheel
spanner - see "Vehicle tools", page 114)
between light and headlining and turn
screwdriver.
• Turn white bulb holder on back of light to
left and take it out.
• Pull defective glass based bulb out of
holder.
• Insert new bulb.
• Insert holder in housing again and turn
fully to right
• First insert left side of light carrier and
then press Into the opening in headlining
126
DO-lT-YOURSELF
Installing radio
When service installing a radio or replacing
a set installed by the factory the following
points should be noted
• The connection " in the vehicle is for
Genuine Volkswagen radi os
ll
from Model
Year 1994.
• Radios with other connections must be
connected with an adapter cable which can
also be obtained from a Volkswagen dealer.
Attention
On no account cut wires off and
leave them without insulation. If
necessary use a proper adapter.
Otherwise the wiring can be
overloaded or short circuits can
occur - Fire danger!
11 Not avai lable in all export markets
Apart from this, important elec­
tronic components can be damaged
or the functioning impaired. If for
example the speed signal is dis­
turbed this can lead to faulty engine
management, automatic gearbox,
ABS etc.
Even connecting the speed signal to
radio sets with speed dependent
volume control from other manufac­
turers can cause such faults.
• It is advisable therefore to have the in­
stallati on of the radio system done by a
Volkswagen dealer. They are fully informed
about the technical features of the vehicle,
have the Genuine radios 1), the necessary
fitting parts from the Genuine Volksvvagen
Accessory Programme
1
) and work in ac­
cordance with the guidelines developed by
the factory.
• The radios from the Genuine Volk­
swagen Accessory Programme
1
) are similar
to those used in the factory and ensure
trouble-free Installation .
These sets are in keeping with the ad­
vanced technology and well-planned easy­
to-operate design.
In Germany there is also an Exchange Ser­
vice for these radios so that even after years
of use a set requiring repair can be ex­
changed cheaply for a completely recondi­
tioned, good-as-new set by a Volkswagen
dealer.
• Loudspeakers, fitting parts, aerials and
suppression kits shou ld also be taken from
the Genuine Volkswagen Accessory Pro­
gramme1) These parts have all been
specially developed for each vehicle model.
127
----
DO-lT-YOURSELF
Emergency starting
A - Flat battery
B - Boosting battery
The battery is located in the engine com­
partment.
If the engine wi ll not start because the bat­
tery is flat. jumper cables can be con­
nected to the battery of another vehicl e to
start the engine. The follow ing points
should be noted
• Both batteries must be of the 12 Volt var­
iety and the capacity (Ah) of the booster bat­
tery must be approximately the same as
that of the flat battery.
• The jumper cables must be heavy
enough to carry the load. Note cable manu­
facturer' s data.
• Only use Jumper cables with insulated
clips.
• A flat battery can freeze at -1 Ooe and if
a battery is frozen it must be thawed out be­
fore connecting Jumper cables, otherwise it
could explode.
• There must be no contact bet ween the
vehicles, otherwise current can flow as
soon as the plus terminal s are connected.
• The flat battery must be properly con­
nected to the electrical system.
• The engine of the boosting vehicle must
be running.
• The jumper cables must only be con­
nected as follow s:
1. One end of (+) cable (usually red) to the
(+) term inal of the flat battery.
2. Other end of the red cable to the (+l ter­
minal of boosting battery.
3. One end of H cable (usually black) to the
H terminal of boosting battery.
4. Other end of black cable (X) to a solid
metal part bolted to t he block or to cylinder
block itself.
Do not connect the cable to the flat battery
minus terminal. The sparks could Ignite the
explosive gas flowing out of the battery
Attention
• The non-insulated parts of the
cable clips must not touch one
another on any account. Further­
more the jumper cable attached
to the battery positive terminal
must not come into contact with
electrically conductive vehicle
parts - Short circuit danger!
• Route the jumper cables so
that they cannot come into con­
tact with rotating parts in the en­
gine compartment.
• Do not stand with your face
over the battery - danger of acid
burns!
• Keep sources of i g n i ~ i o n
(naked flames, burning cIga­
rettes etc.) well away from the
battery - Explosion danger!
• Start the engine as described in the
"Starting engine" section.
• If the engine does not start at once, stop
using starter after 10 seconds, wait about
half a minute and then try aga in.
• With engine running, disconnect cables
in reverse sequence.
128
DO-lT-YOURSELF
Tow startingfTowing
Front towi ng eye
(Left-hand illustration)
To be able to tow the vehicle, a towing eye
must be screwed into front bumper on
right. The towing eye is in the vehicle tools.
• Lever cover out forwards with flat blade
of screwdri ver (from vehi cle tools) and re­
move - see also page 124.
• The towi ng eye has a left-hand thread.
eye in onto stop and
tighten with wheel spanner - see il ­
lust ration.
• . After use unscrew towing eye and place
with vehicle tools. The towing eye must
always be carried in the vehicle_ Refit
cover - see page 123.
Rear towing eye
(Right-hand il lustration)
The rear towing eye is located on the right
In the bumper and is covered by a cap. To
open, unclip ca p, first at the top, then at the
bottom and leave it hanging To close flap,
lit bottom first and then push upwards unti l
It engages .
General notes
Tow-ropes or bars should be attached at
these points only.
• The tow-rope should be sl ight ly elast ic to
reduce the risk of damage to both vehicles.
It IS advi sable to use synthetic fibre ropes,
or ropes of Similar elastic material.
Avoid excessive towing effort and do not
Jerk. DUring tow ing operations on other than
surfaced roads there is always the danger
that the att achment points will be over­
loaded and damaged.
• Before trying to start engine by
t?wing, the battery from another ve­
hicle. should be used for starting if
possible - see previous page.
If the vehicle has to be tow started
or towed at any time, the following
must be noted: .
• Check whether there are any local traff ic
regulat ions concerning the towing of ve­
hicles.
• Both drivers must be familiar with tow­
Ing procedures. Inexperienced drivers
should not attempt to tow start or tow.
• When using a tow-rope the driver of the
towing vehicle must engage the clutch very
gently v,/ hen moving off and changing gear.
• The driver of the veh icle being towed
must ensure that the tow -rope is always
ta ut.
129
DO-lT-YOURSELF
• The emergency lights must be switched
on on both vehicles - unless local regula­
tions differ.
• Turn ignition key to "Drive" position so
that the steering wheel is free and the turn
signals, horn, and, if necessary, the wind­
screen wiper and washer can be used.
• As the brake servo only works when the
engine is running, considerably more pres­
sure is required on the brake pedal when
the engine is not running
• On vehicles with power assisted steer­
ing more force is required to turn steering
wheel when engine is not running.
• When there is no lubricant in the manual
gearbox/automatic gearbox, the vehicle
may on ly be towed with driving wheels
lifted.
Tow starting
The following points must be
noted when tow starting:
• Before moving off, engage 2nd or 3rd
gear.
• Switch ignition on.
• As soon as engine starts, depress clutch
and move gear lever into neutral to avoid
running into the towing vehicle.
• On vehicles with a catalytic con­
verter the engine must not be
started by towing the vehicle in ex­
cess of 50 m
ll
. Because then, fuel
can pass into the converter and
cause damage.
• For technical reasons tow start­
ing a vehicle with an automatic
gearbox is not possible.
Towing
When towing vehicles with an auto­
matic gearbox, the following points
must be noted in addition to the details on
the previous page :
• Selector lever at " N".
• Do not have the vehicle towed faster
than 30 mph (50 km/h)
• Do not tow further than 30 miles (50 km).
If the vehicle has to be towed long dis­
tances it must be lifted at the front.
Reason: When the engine is not running,
the gearbox oi l pump is not working and the
gearbox is not adequately lubricated fo r
high speeds or long distances.
• With a breakdown vehicle the vehicle
may only be suspended at the front.
Reason: If given a rear suspended tow, the
drive shafts turn backwards. The planetary
gears in the automatic gearbox then turn at
such high speeds that the gearbox will be
severely damaged in a short t ime.
1) Does not apply to Diesel engines wi h cata­
lytic convert er
Note for the Golf syncro:
• The veh icle can be towed like any two­
wheel drive Golf.
• With a recovery vehicle the car can be
towed with front or rear wheels suspended.
If the vehicle has to be towed with the rear
wheels lifted and the rear wheels cannot
turn freely, one must ensure that the free­
wheel in the rear axle has not been bridged
beforehand by driving vehicle in reverse. To
reintroduce the f reewheel action the gear
lever must be moved briefly into 1 st gear
wi th ignition on and then back into neutral.
130
Lifting vehicle
Trolley jack
To prevent damage to the underside of the
vehicle it is essential 0 use a sUitable
rubber pad
On no account should the vehicle be
lifted under the engine,
rear axle or front axl e as thIs can
cause serious damage.
Attention
• With the vehicle lifted neve.r
start the engine - danger of accI­
dent!
• If work has to be done under­
neath the vehicle, the vehicle
must be supported on suitable
stands.
Vehicle hoist
Before driving over the vehicle
hoist, ensure that there i:; adequate
clearance between hOIst super­
structure and low parts on under­
side of vehicle.
Lifting points for workshop
hoist and trolley jack
The vehicle may only be li ft ed at the points
shown in the illustration:
Front (left il lustration)
At the welded floor plate reinforcement.
The vehicle must not be lifted on the
vertical side member reinforcemen.t
at the front, as this cause seri­
ous damage to the vehIcle.
DO-lT-YOURSELF
Rear (right illustration)
On the verti cal side member reinforcement
in the area of the marking for the vehicle
jack
Vehicle jack
Lifting with the veh icle jack is described on
pagel17 .
131
---------------------------------
SPECIAL INFORMATION
Body
• All steel unitary construction body/ chas­
sis w ith safety passenger cell
• Front and rear ends designed as crumple
zones
• Long-term body protecti on with special
high-quality materials - this makes the
extraordinary long warrant y period for paint
defects and rust penetration possible (see
Service Schedule)
The safety levels of the Golf body
shell not only exceed present US
safety standards, but even satisfy
the new US regulations which will
come into force in 1993, and are the
strictest in the world_
The most important new components in the
body shel l are
1 - More solid passenger compartment
2 - Reinforced door breast
3 - Side reinforcement in doors
4 - Reinforced door sill
5 - Upper side member
6 - Lower Side member
7 - Driver and passenger-side Airbag
The illustration shows the Golf saloon. The
Golf estat e bodywork has identical safety
components.
I B1H-152 ;
132
SPECIAL INFORMATION
Environment
compatibility
Protection of the environment played a de­
cisive role in the construction, selection of
materials and manufacture ot the new Golf.
Amongst other things special attention was
given to the following POI t s
Constructive measures for econ­
omic recycling
• Easy-to-dismantle Joints
• Easier disassembly by modular con­
struction methods
• Improved purity of materia ls
• All larger plastic parts marked in accord­
ance with VDA recommendation 260.
Selection of material
• CFC free refrigerant for air conditioner*
• Materials which can be recycled are
used as far as possible
• Use of similar plastic within an assembly
group
• Use of materials which have been re­
cycled
• No Cadmium
• No Asbestos
• Reduction in vapours emitted by plastics
Manufacture
• Recycled material used for the manufac­
ture of plastic parts
• Solvents aban doned for the cavity seal­
ing
• Solvent free transport preservation
• Use of solvent free bonding agents
• CFCs abandoned as far as possible dur­
ing manufacture
• Surplus material recycl ed as far as poss­
ible t o gain energy and manufacturing sup­
port materials
• The water required during manufacture
is reprocessed.
TECHNICAL DATA
General information
Where not otherwise indicated or
listed separately, all the f ollowing
technical data is for standard ve­
hicles in Germany.
For special vehicles and vehicles for Which engine is f itted in your ve­
other countries these figures may hicle can be found in the vehicle
be different. data in the Service Schedule or in
the official vehicle paperw ork.
Please note that the details in the
official vehicle documents can be
taken as the correct figures.
Engine data
Petrol
engines
Output
1
)
kW (bhp) at rpm
Maximum
torque
Nm at rpm
Num­
ber of
cylin­
ders
Capac-
ity
cm
3
Stroke
mm
Bore
mm
Com­
pres­
sion
ratio
Fuel
2
)
40 (60) / 5200 103 / 2400 - 2800 4 1391 78.7 75.0 9.2 91 RON un leaded
44 (60) / 5200 107 / 2800 - 3200 4 1391 78.7 75.0 9.2 91 RON un leaded
55 (75) /5200 126/2600 4 1598 86.4 76.5 9.5 91 RON unl eaded
55 (75) / 5000 140/2500 4 1781 86.4 81.0 9.0 91 RON unleaded
66 (90) / 5500 145/2500 4 1781 86.4 81.0 100 95 RON unleaded
85 (115) / 5400 166/3200 4 1984 92.8 82.5 10.4 95 RON unleaded or
91
3
) RON un leaded
110 (150) / 6000 180/4800 4 1984 92 .8 82.5 10.5 95 RON unl eaded
128 (174) / 5800 235
4
)/4200 6 2792 90.3 81.0 100 95 RON4) unleaded
140 (190) / 5800 245/4200 6 286 1 90.3 82.0 10.0 95 RON4) unleaded
1) According to EC o( DI N regulati ons. 21 Engines without catalyst - also leaded, 41 240 Nm when using premium plus nleaded
Due to different ethods of measuring, slight For further details - see page 82. 98 RON
devlatio s are pOSSible.
3) With slight reduction of output. 51 For some export countries only.
134
----------------------------------------------------------------
TECHNICAL DATA
Diesel engines Output
1
)
kW (bhp) at rpm
Maximum
t orque
Nm at rpm
Num­
ber of
cyli n­
ders
Ca -
paci ty
cm
3
Stro ke
m m
Bore
m m
Co m­
pres­
si on
ratio
Fuel
2
)
47 (64) / 4400 124 /2000 ­
3000
4 189 6 95. 5 79.5 22.5 Diesel
55 (75) / 4200 150 /2400 -
3400
4 1896 95. 5 79. 5 22. 5 Di esel
66 (90) / 4000 202/ 1900 4 1896 95.5 79 .5 19.5 Diesel
6) According to EC or DI N regul ations.
D e to different methods of measuring, slight
devi ations are possible.
71 For further details see page 83 184.
135
TECHNICAL DATA
Performance
The performance figures were measured equipment such as air conditioner, mud performance.
without the vehicle being fitted with any flaps, very wide tyres etc. which affect the
Maximum speed In km/h
Saloon
I
Estate
Acceleration in sec.
0- 80 km/h 0- 100 km/h
Saloon
I
Estate Saloon
I
Estate
Petrol engines
40 kWl) 150
2
) 148
2
) 11.5 - 18.3 -
44 kW I) 157
2
) 154
2
) 10.5 11.0 16.7 17.7
55 kW ­ 1.6 Itr. 168
2
) -
8.9
-
14.0 -
55 kW ­ 1.8 Itr. 168
2
) /164
31
165
2
) / 162
31
9.0/109
3
) 9.5/11431 142/176
31
149/184
3
)
66 kW 180/175
31
177 / 173
3
) 8.1/9.3
31
8.6/100
3
) 12.1/147
3
) 12.8/154
3
)
66 kW syncro 175 - 8.8 - 13.3 -
85 kW 198/194
3
) 195/191
3
) 74/82
3
) 7.7/8.6
3
) 10.9/119
31
11.3/ 12.3
31
110 kW 215
- 6.2
- 8.7 -
128 kW 225/221
3
) -
54/6.3
31
- 7.8/90
3
) -
140 kW syncro 225
- 5.2
- 7.5 -
Diesel engines
47 kW 156 154 11.2 11.8 17.6 18.6
55 kW 165 163 9.8 10.2 15.1 15.9
66 kW 178 176 8.5 8.9 12.8 134
1) 4 and 5-speed manual gearbox 21 Maximum speed IS reached in 4th gear. 31 Automati c gearbox.
136
TECHNICAL DATA
Fuel consumption
The consumption figures are determined • 120 km/h (75 mph) are carried out at vehicle condition, the figures obtained in
according to EC guideline 80/1268 EEC. a constant test speed actual practice may differ from those given
Three different conditions are used for the
• For the urban measurement normal
test:
town traffic driving is simulated .
Depending on driving style, road and traffic
• The measurements for 90 km/h (56
conditions, environmental influences and
mph) and
Petrol engines
litres/lOO km 90 km/h
Saloon
120 km/h Urban 90 km/h
Estate
120 km/h Urban
40 kW 4/5-speed 5.4 /5.2 7.4 /7.0 8.2/8.2 - - -
44 kW 4/5-speed 5.4 / 5.2 7.4 /70 8.2/8.2 - / 5. 3 - / 7.1 - /8 2
55 kW - 1.6 Itr. 5-speed 5.3 7.2 8.9 - - -
55 kW - 1.8 ItL 5-speed
Automatic
5.4 7.2 9.3 5.6 7.3 9.5
6.7 8.5 11.2 6.8 8.8 11.5
66 kW 5-speed
Automatic
5.6 7.5 9.7 5.8 7.6 9.9
6.5 8.1 10.8 6.7 8.3 11 .2
66 kW syncro 5-speed 6.3 8.2 11 .1 - - -
85 kW 5-speed
Automatic
5.8 7.4 10.3 5.9 7.6 10.5
6.4 8.1 11 .7 6. 7 8.4 11 .9
110 kW 5-speed 6.3 7.9 10.8 - -
-
128 kW 5-speed
Automatic
7.3 8.9 12.5 - - -
7.7 9.4 13.8 - - -
140 kW syncro 5-speed 7.8 9.6 14.4
- - -
TECHNICAL DATA
Saloon Estate Diesel engines
Urban 90 km/h 120 km/h 90 km/h 120 km/h Urban litres!1 00 km
47 kW 5-speed 4.3 6.1 6.5 4.6 6.4 6.8
4.9 55 kW 5-speed 4.7 6.5 7.4 6.7 7.5
66 kW 5-speed 3.8 5.6 4.1 5.4 5.7 6.0
138
TECHNICAL DATA
Wheels
Golf saloon and
Golf syncro
Normal tyres
Tyre size on wheel, offset 1)
Recom mended winter tyres
Tyre size on wheel, of fset
1
)
Petrol engines:
40, 44, 55, 66 kW
Diesel engines:
47,55,66 kW
175 /70 R 13 82 T21
185/60 R 14 82 T / H
195/ 50 R 15 82 V
5 1/2 J x 13
21
, 0/5 : 38
6 J x 14, 0/ 5 : 45
6 J x 15, 0/5 : 45
175 / 70 R 13 82 Q M + S21 or
175 / 65 R 14 82 Q M + S or
185 / 60 R 14 82 Q M + S
5 1/2 J x 13
2
) , 0 / 5 : 38
6 J x 14, 0/5 : 45
6 J x 14, 0/ 5 : 45
85 kW petrol engine
GL version
185/ 60 R 14 82 H
195 / 50 R 15 82 V
6 J x 14, 0/5 : 45
6 J x 15, 0/5 : 45
185/55 R 1581 T M + S 6 J x 15, 0/ 5 38
85 kW petrol engine
GTI version
195/ 50 R 15 82 V
195 / 50 R 15 82 V
205 / 50 R 15 86 V
6 J x 15, 0/5 : 38
6 1/2 J x 15, 0 / 5 : 43
6 1/2 J x 15, 0/5 : 43
185/55 R 1581 T M + S 6 J x 15, 0 / 5 : 38
110 kW petrol engine 195 / 50 R 15 82 V
195 / 50 R 15 82 V
205 / 50 R 15 86 V
6 J x 15, 0/5 : 38
6 1/2 J x 15, 0/5 : 43
6 1/2 J x 15, 0 / 5 : 43
185/55 R 1581 T M + S 6 J x 15, 0/ 5 : 38
128, 140 kW petrol 205 / 50 R 15 86 V 6 1/2 J x 15, 0/5 43 185 / 55 R 1585 T M +S rei nforced 6 J x 15, 0/5 : 38
Temporary spare wheel
85
3
), 110,128 kW T 115 / 70 R 15 90 M 3 1/2 J x 1 5, 0/5 : 38
all other engines T 105 /70 R 14 84 M 3 1/2 J x 14, 0 / 5 : 45
syncro 66 kW T 125 / 75 R 1595 M 3 1/2 J x 15, 0/5 : 40
syncro 140 kW T 125 / 80 R 1 5 95 M 3 1/ 2 J x 15, 0/5 : 38
See notes on next page.
11 Offset in mm
2) Not for 66 kW GT model
TECHNICAL DATA
Golf estate Normal tyres
Tyre size on wheel, offset
1
)
Recommended winter tyres
Tyre size on wheel, offset 1)
40, 44 kW petrol 175 / 70 R 13 82 T
185 / 60 R 14 82 H
195 / 50 R 15 82 V
5 1/ 2 J x 13, o/s : 38
6 J x 14, o/s : 45
6 J x 15, o/s : 45
175 /70 R 1382 Q M + S or
175 / 65 R 14 82 Q M + S or
185 / 60 R 1 4 82 Q M + S
5 1/ 2 J x 13, o/s : 38
6 J x 14, o/s : 45
6 J x 14, o/s : 45
55 kW petrol
47, 55 kW Diesel
185 / 60 R 14 82 H
195 / 60 R 14 85 H
195 / 50 R 15 82 V
6 J x 14, o/s 45
6 J x 14, o/s : 45
6 J x 15, o/s : 45
175 / 65 R 14 82 Q M + S or
185 / 60 R 14 82 Q M + S
6 J x 14, o/s : 45
6 J x 14, o/s : 45
66 kW petrol
66 kW Diesel
195 / 60 R 14 85 H
195 / 50 R 15 82 V
6 J x 14, o/s : 45
6 J x 15, o/ s : 45
175 / 65 R 14 82 Q M + S 6 J x 14, o/s : 45
85 kW petrol 195 / 60 R 14 85 H
195 / 50 R 15 82 V
6J x 14, 0/ s : 45
6 J x 15, o/s : 45
175 / 65 R 14 82 Q M + S 6 J x 14, o/s 45
Temporary spare wheel
all engines T 115 / 70 R 1 5 90 M 3 1/2 J x 15, o/s : 40
The tyre/wheel combinat ions in the table
are vali d for st eel and alloy wheels. Details
on whether other tyres or wheel s can be
used can be obtai ned from Volkswagen
dea lers.
For winter tyres the most suit able tyre/
wheel combinati on is gi ven . The winter tyre
recommendation appli es al so to AII ­
weat her tyres. Further remarks on the use
of winter tyres are given on page 109
1) Offset in mm
Attention
If you wish to fit your car with
non-standard wheels or tyres
(e.g. alloy wheels or wheels with
winter tyres), you must read the
appropriate notes in the centre
and right-hand columns on page
108.
On the Golf syncro all four wheels must
have t he same rol l circumference - see
page 107.
Snow chains may be used on the front
wheels in the case of all summer and w inter
tyres listed (not on tem porary spare) - see
page 109 also .
For tyre pressures, see next page
140
---
TECHNICAL DATA
Tyre pressures
Golf saloon and
Golf syncro
bar
up to half payload / up to full payload
175/70 R 13
1
)
185/60 R 14
195/50 R 15
Front Rear
185/60 R 14
Fron t Rea r
195/50 R 15
Fron t Rear
205/50 R 15
Fro nt Rea r
40, 44 kW petrol 18 /20 1 8/22
-
- - - - -
55 kW petrol
47 kW Diesel 2. 1 /24 1 9/26 - - - - - -
55, 66 kW Diesel 2.3/2.6 2 1 /28
- - - - - -
66 kW petrol 2. 1 /2 4 1 9/26 - - - - - -
66 kW petrol syncro 2.2/2.4 2.2/2.8 - - - - - -
85 kW petrol - -
2.3/ 2.5 2.1/2. 7 23 / 25 2.1 /2.7 2.0 / 2. 2 1 8/ 2.4
110 kW petrol
- - - -
2.6/2.8 24/30 2.2/2.4 2.0/ 2.6
128 kW petrol
- - -
- - - 2.6/ 2.8 24 /3.0
140 kW petrol syncro - - - - - -
25/27 2. 5 /3 1
Spare wheel
Temporary 4.2
Normal Maximum permiss ible t yre press ure for vehi cle.
See notes on next page.
1) Not fo r 66 kW GT model
141
TECHNICAL DATA
up to half payload / up to full payload
Golf estate 175/70R13 185/60R14 195/60 R 14 195/50 R 15
185/60R14
195/50 R 15
bar Front
40, 44 kW petrol 18/20
47,55 kW Diesel
55 kW petrol
66 kW petrol
66 kW Diesel
Spare wheel
Temporary
Normal
-
-
Rear Front Rear Front Rear Fron t Rear
18 / 26
- - - - -
-
- 2. 2/ 2.4 2.2 / 3.0 19/ 21 19/27 2.2 / 2.4 2.2/3.0
- 21 /2.4 2.1/ 3 0 18/21 18/27 2.1 / 2.4 2.1 /3.0
- -
18/21 18/27 2.1/2.4 2.1/3.0
- - -
2.0 / 2.2 2.0 / 2.8 2. 3 /2.6 2 3/ 32
4.2
Maximum permissible tyre pressure for vehicle .
These pressures are for cold tyres. When
tyres are warm the pressure is higher but do
Attention
not reduce it.
The tyre pressures must be
checked at least once a month.
When using winter tyres, increase pres­
They are very important particu­
sures gi ve by 0.2 bar.
larly at high speeds - see page
105.
The inflation pressures are given on a
sticker on the inside of the glove box lid. As
the pressures may be altered at short notice
for technical reasons there may be differ­
ences between sticker and Instruction
Manual. If this shou ld be th e case, ask your
Volkswagen dealer for the correct pres­
sures.
142
----------------------------
TECHNICAL DATA
Weights
kg
Permissible gross
ve hicle weight
Saloon I Estate
Unladen weig ht
1
)
Ready for road
Saloon Estate
2-door I4-door 4-door
Permissible front
axle weight
Saloon Est ate
Permissible rear
axle we ight
Saloon Estate
Permissible roof
load
Saloon Estate
Petrol engines
40/44 kW 1505 1565 1000 1030 1085 790 790 770 860 75 85
55 kW 1540 1615 1035 1065 1115 820 820 770 880 75 85
66 kW 1540 1615 1035 1065 11 15 820 820 770 880 75 85
66 kW
syncro
1700 - - 1220 - 890
-
880 -
75 -
85 kW 1610 1670 1110 1140 1170 860 860 800 890 75 85
110 kw 1665 - 1165 1195
- 915
-
800 - 75 -
128 kW 1690 - 1210 1240 - 950 - 800 - 75 -
140kW
syncro
1800 - - 1335 - 980 - 900 - 75 -
Diesel engines
47kW 1595 1660 1085 1115 1160 860 860 770 880 75 85
55 kW 1605 1670 1095 1125 1170 875 875 770 880 75 85
66 kW 1655 1715 1145 1175 1215 915 915 770 880 75 85
1) These fi gures are for th e basic model. With
Ihe automatic gearbox the unladen weight is
increased by approx. 30 kg.
Other model versi ons and optional extras -
e.g . air conditioner, sl iding roof, towing
brackets etc. and the service i stall ation of ac­
cessories also increases the unladen weight.
143
TECHNICAL DATA
Trailer weights
Figures apply to both saloon and estate
kg
Permissible trai ler w eight
Trai ler w ithout brakes
I
Trailer vvith brakes
1
)
Permissible weight of trailer drawbar on ball
coupling of towing hitch
max. m ln
Petrol engines
4 % of actual trai ler
w eight.
It does not have to be
more than 25 kg.
It is advisable to
uti lize the maximum
permissible drawbar
w eigh t
40 and 44 kW 500 800/1000
2
) 50
55 kW ­ 1.6 Itr 500 1000 /1 200
2
) 50
55 kW ­ 1.8 Itr. and
66, 85 and 110 kW
500 1200 50
66 and 140 kW syncro 570 1500 75
128 kW 600 1200 50
Diesel engines
47 kW 500 850/1000
2
) 50
55kW 500 1000 / 1 200
2
) 50
66 kW 500 1200 50
liOn gradient s up to 12 %.
21 On gradi ent s up to 10 %
144
TECHNICAL DATA
Dimensions
Saloon Estate
Petrol engines:
40, 44, 55 and 66 kW 85 and 110 kW 128 and 140 kW all engines
all Diesel engines
Length mm 4020 4020 4020 4340
Width mm 1695 1695 1695 1695
width inci. mirrors approx. mm 1890 1890 1890 1890
Height, unladen approx. mm 1425 1410 1410 1430/14701)
Overhang, front mm 830 830 830 830
rear mm 715 715 715 1030
Ground clearance
21
at GVW approx. mm 123 123 123 120
Wheelbase mm 2475 2475 2475 2475
Trac k
3
) front
rear
approx. mm
approx . mm
1464
1448
1450
1434
1450
1434
1464
1451
Turning circle approx. m 11 11 11 11
11 Wi h roof railings
21 As per DIN 70020
31 Slight var iations possible due to dl ff erences in
model version and/or w heels.
145
TECHNICAL DATA
Capacities
(Capacities given in litres)
Fuel tank
of that reserve (all model s)
approx.
approx.
approx.
approx.
55 saloon
60 estate
65 syncro
7
Windscreen w asher
with headlight w asher
approx.
approx.
4
7
Engine oil (w ith Iwithout filter change)
40, 44 and 55 kW petrol engines approx. 3.5 I 3.0
110 kW petrol engines approx. 4.3 I 3.8
Six-cylinder engines approx. 6.0 I 5.0
All other petrol engines approx. 4.0 I 3.5
All Diesel engines
The oil level must be checked while topping up.
Do not overfill (see page 94) I
approx. 4.5 14.0
Cooling system
Six-cylinder engine
All other engines
approx.
approx.
8.2
6.3
Automatic gearbox (ATF) approx. 3.0
146
TECHNICAL DATA
Vehicle identification data
1 - The type plate
can be found on the front lock carrier plate.
Vehicles for certain export countries have
no Type plate.
2 - The engine number
is on the front of the block below the joint
between block and head.
• On the four cyl inder engines the number
can be read from the front.
In addition the engine number is given on a
bar code sticker on the toothed belt cover.
• On the six cyl inder engine the number is
visible when you look from the front right
between suspension strut turret and air
cleaner.
On this engine the bar code sticker is on the
right of the cy li nder head cover seen from
direction of travel.
3 - The vehicle identification
number
(Chassis number)
is stamped on the engine compartment
bulkhead. It is visible through a window in
the plenum chamber cover. The vehicle data sticker
is stuck to the rear cross panel in luggage
compartment.
The sticker contains the following data:
1 - Production control number
2 - Vehicle identification number
3 - Model code number
4 - Model explanation/engine output
5 - Engine and gearbox code letters
6 - Paint number/interior trim code
7 - Optional extra number
The vehicle data 2 - 7 is also given in the Ser­
vice Schedule.
147
ALPHABETICAL INDEX
A
Acceleration figu res . . .... . . .
Accessories
Adjusting washer jets
Air conditioner .. ....... .
Airbag
Alloy w heels
Analog clock ..
Anti-freeze.
Anti-dazzle inside mirror
Anti-knock properties of the fuel
Anti-locking brake system (ABS)
Anti-theft warning system
Aq uaplaning .... ..... .
Ashtray .......... . .
ATF.
Automatic gearbox.
Automatic tra ns mission fluid
Automati c wash plants .... . . . .
Axle weights. . ....... .
B
Battery . . . ....... . . . . .
Belt height adjustment ... .. . . .
Blower ...
Bonnet.
Brake fluid.
Brake pad wear indicator
Brake servo .
Brake system
Brake warning I'amp .
Brakes
Bulb changing.
Burglar alarm .
136
111
103
59
18
88
41
97
12
82
76
8
106
68
96
32
96
85
143
100
15
56, 59
90
99
48
75
99
48
75
121
8
C
Capacities .. . . .... . 146
Care 85
Care of body . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Care of vehicle 85
Cavity preservation 89
Central locking system 7
Cetane Number . . . . . . . . . . 84
Changing bulbs . . . . . . . . . . 121
Changing wheels 116
Chassis number 147
Child safety . 21
Child seats .... .... . . . . . . . 21
Chi ld-proof catch ......... 9
Cigarette li ghter 68
Cigarette lighter socket. 68
Cl eaning and anti -corrosion treat ment of
engine compartment . . . . . . . . 88
Cleaning vehicle . . . . . . . . . . 85
Climatronic 62
Clock .. 41
Cockpit . . . . . . . . . . 4
Cold starting aid 37
Compression rat io 134
Consumption figures. . 137
Coolant additive 97
Coolant level 46, 97
Coolant temperature gauge 45
Cool ing system . . . . . . . . . . 97
Cruise control system 54
Cubic capacity 134
D
Dash panel 4
Defrosting windows 57,60,62
Diesel fuel 84
Dimensions. 145
Dip lever 53
Direction indicators 48, 53
Do-it-yourself ......... . 112
Door locks . ..... . . 9
Doors . .. 9
Driver's seat 25
Driving abroad .... . 110
Driving economically 72
Driving tips ...... . ... ..... ..... . 71
Driving wi th four-wheel drive 79
Dust and pollen filter ...... . .. . . 104
148
ALPHABETICAL INDEX
E F H
El ectri c windows 10.52 Fan . . .. 98 Hand brake 31
Emergency li ght s 51 Filling the tank ...... . . 81 Head restraints .. ............... 24
Emergency starting 128 Filter preheating .......... . . 84 Headlight flasher ........ .. . 53
Engine First aid kit ........... . . . 112 Headl ight range control ........... 51
- Code letters 147 Folding/sliding cover 30 Headlight washer system 55
- Data 134 Foot mats ............ . 31 Heated rear window 52
- Number 147 Four wheel drive 79 Heating 56
-Oil .. 92 Fresh ai r filter ........ . 104 Height adjustable seat. 26
- Oil capacity. 146 Fresh air venti lation 58, 61 Height adjustable steering wheel 35
- Oil change intervals 2.95 Front foglights ........... . . 50 High beams. ........... 48
- Oil consumption 94 Front seats 25 Horn 4
- Oil level ..... . . .. . . 94 Fuel ........... . . . 82
- Oil pressure 47 - Additives. 83, 84
- Starting/stopping 36 - Consumption ........ . 72,137
Engine compartment. 91 - Fi lter preh eating . 84 Identification data 147
Engine number. 147 - Gauge 45 Idling speed boost ......... 37
~ Environment - Saving 72 Ignition lock. . . . . . . . . 35
- Battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 102
Fuel gauge
Fuses.
45
119
Increasing luggage space
I nertia reel belts .........
27
14
- Brake fluid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 99
InSide mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
- Care of car. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
- Coolant ......................
85
98 G
Inspection intervals
Instruments
95
39
- Driving with low emissions and
noise......... ............... 72
Gear change marks
Gear stick ....... . .
39, 71
31
Interior lights 67
- Engine oil ....................
- En vironmentally conscious
dri ving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
- Exhaust gas system .... . .. . ...
95
72
74
Glove box light .......... .
Glow plugs
Gross vehicle weight
67,126
37
143
- Filling th e tank ................ 81
- ~ ~ .......................... ~
- Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2
- Old oil . ....................... 95
- Old tyres .................... 107
- Tyre pressure ................ 105
- Tvres .... . .. . . ............... 107
- Unfeaded fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 83
- Washing the vehicle ........... 86
Exha..JS. gas system 74
149
ALPHABETICAL INDEX
J
Jack 11 4, 117
Jack sockets . 117
Jumper cable 128
K
Keys. 6
Kick-down 33
L
Lap belt 16
Leather care .. . .. . . . 87
Lifting vehicle . . ... ...... . . 131
Lighting . ... . . . . 50
Lighting sw itch . 50
Locks . . ... 9
Lubricant add iti ves . 96
Lubricants . 92
Luggage boot light .. 67, 126
Luggage compartment 28
Luggage compartment cover . 30
Luggage compartment light 67, 126
Lumbar support 26
M
M + S tyres 109, 139
Maintenance .. 2
Make-up mirror . . 66
Manual gearbox 31
Masking headlights 110
Maximum speed .. . . . . . . . . 136
Mesh partition 29
Mileage recorder 39
Mirror heating ..... ... . . . 12
Mirrors . 12
Mobile telephones. ... . . .. .. 111
Modifications 111
Multi function indicator ......... . 42
150
N
Number plate lighting 125
o
Octane number .. ... .. . . 82
Oil capacity ...... .. . . 146
011 change intervals 95
Oil change intervals 2
Oil consumption . 94
Oil dipstick
- Automatic gearbox ..... . .. . 96
- Engine . . . . .. ... . 94
Oil pressure ......... . 47
Oil specifications 92
Oils. . .. . ... . . 92
Output. . ... . . . .... .. .... . 134
Outside mirrors 12
P
Paint care ..... . . . 86
Paint number 147
Parking. 74
Par. ing lights 53
Par ing lock .. . 32
Pedals 31
Performance ... . . . . . .. . . ... . .. .. . 136
Petrol,
- Quality . 82
Petrol additives . . ...... . . 83
Pollen filter . . . . 104
Power assisted steering 96
R
Radio ..... 127
Reading light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Rear foglight . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Rear lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Rear seat . 27
Rear window wash/wipe 55
Releasing tank flap . 82
Renewal of parts .... . . . . . . . .. . 111
Restraint systems 13, 21
Rev counter . .... ...... 41
Reverse gear . . . . . . . . . . 32
Reversing lights . . .. 31
Roof load . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 70, 143
Roof load carrying system 70
Roof rack . 70
Roof ra iling 70
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 71
s
21
72
25
13
51
25
28
32
2
40
2
2
50
65
109
77
:; saving temporary spare wheel 114
113, 114
102
39
71
36
35
35
38
66
50
- ~ - € ;estJng 80
; '19 w ith four wheel drive. 79
e .. tyres. 107
- _ '3 mg tyres 107
- - • hams 79
. e vheel . . 107
s-arting 130
9 . . 1 ~
T
Tailgate 10
Technical Data ............. . 134
Telephone 111
Temperature regulation
- Air conditioner ............. . 59
- Climatronic 62
- Heating and ventilation. 56
Temporary spare wheel. 113 114
The fi rst 1500 km / 1000 miles 71
Thermotronic 56
Tilting roof . . .. .... . ... . . 65
Tool kit . 113
Tow starting 77,130
Towing ....... . 130
Towing eye .... . .. .. . . 129
Trailer tow ing 77
Trailer w eights ..... ..... . . . .... . 144
Tread depth. . . . . . . .. . . . ... . . . 106
Trip meter 39
Trip recorder ... . ... . 39
Trolley Jack 131
Turn signal lever . 53
Turn signals ...... . . 48, 124, 125
Two way radios 111
Type plate 147
Tyre pressures ... . ... . . 141
Tyres 105
- Condition .. 106
-Inflation pressure 105
- Running in . . . . . . . . . . 105
ALPHABETICAL INDEX
U
Unbalanced w heel s. . . .. . . . . . ... 106
Underseal ....... .. . . . . 89
Unleaded fuel 82
V
V-belts 102
Vehicle data sticker 147
Vehicle hoist 131
Vehicle identification data 147
Vehicle identification number. 147
Vehicle literature 2
Vehicle tools 113,114
Venti lation 56, 58, 64
151
ALPHABETICAL INDEX
w
Warning lamps ... .. . . . 46
Warning triangle. . . . . . . . . 112
Warranty 2
Washing 85
Weights . 143
Wheels .... .... . . 105,139
Windows 10
- De-icing. 87
- Defrosting. 57, 60, 62
Windscreen washer system . 103
Windscreen w ipe/wash system 55
Windscreen w iper 55
Windscreen wiper blades 104
Winter operation
- Care of vehicle 85
- Cooling system 97
- Engine oi l 92
- Tyres 109
- Windscreen washer system 103
- Snow chains 109
Winter tyres 109
Wiper blades .. . . .. .. . 104
..
152
You can enter the most important data for your vehicle here .
If you have any Questions, any Volkswagen Dealer will be pleased t o help.
Vehicle identification n ber
1
) ••••.•...• . •.••..•... . ..... . .•.• .•
Model
A..
.... .... " ....................................... " .. ............ .. .. .. ............ .... ......... .. ..........................
Engine output
1
) kW . ..... . ... Engine code letters11 •..• .. .. ......
Engine oil specifications
2
)
.:J To Volkswagen Standard 501 01
To Volkswagen Standard 500 00
o To Volkswagen Standard 505 00
Mixture preparation
2
)
o Injection o Di esel
o With Cat alyst
I This da ta can be found In the Service
Schedule
2/ Mark with cross
31 Leaded also for engines w;thout caTalyst
41 Factory fitted tyres
Viscosity: SAE ............................................
Tyre size
41
....................................................
........ .. ........... .. ........ ... ........ .. .. .. ...... .. ........ .. .. ........
Fue!2
1
o Regular unleaded
J
) 91 RON
o Premium unleaded 95 RO N
:J Premium plus unleaded
31
98 RON
:J Di esel
Tyre pressures
4
)
(in bar) fron t rear
With half load
With ful l load
VOLKSWAGEN AG IS working continuously on the development of all models. Please appreciate that we must reserve the right
to change our models in shape, equipment and technology at any time. No legal commitment IS therefore implied b the details,
Illustrations and descript ions in this manual.
Reprintlllg, reprodUCing or translation, in whole or in part , is not perml ted without wri tten permission from VOLKSWAGEN AG.
All rights are reserved expressl y by VOLKSWAGEN AG Subject to modificatioll without notice.
Produced in Germany
@ 1993 VOLKSWAGEN AG <i' ThiS paper was manufactured from pulp bleached without uSing chlorine .
Golf engli ch 9.93
941 . 551 . 1H1 . 20

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