Jennifer Knight SOC 152 Mondays & Wednesdays, 2:00-3:15 Instructor’s Office: SOC 262 Office Hours: Mondays & Wednesdays 3:30-4:30 and by appointment Office Phone: 974-6177 e-mail: jlknight@usf.edu T.A.: Justin Fewless jfewless@mail.usf.edu

Celtic History

Throughout the ages, the Celts have been one of the most enduring and influential peoples on history and society; yet, the Celts are often disregarded as peripheral, and are usually only superficially treated in discussions of European history. In this course, we will discuss the history of the Celtic peoples in the Iron Age, the Roman period, and the early histories of Ireland, Scotland, and Wales in the Medieval period. While Celtic history admittedly suffers from a lack of reliable narrative accounts, the medieval Celtic nations do possess one of the richest traditions of surviving literature, law, and poetry in all of Europe. This material offers exceptional insight into medieval Celtic culture, which will also be investigated in this course. Student Learning Outcomes: Students who complete this course will be able to demonstrate the following:  Students will gain a broad familiarity with the history of the Celtic peoples from the Iron Age up to the Norman period.  Students will understand how different historians have debated and analyzed elements of Celtic Studies.  Students will be able to critically analyze primary and secondary resources.  Students will improve their writing, reading, and discussion skills.


Mid-term Examination: 25% Final Examination: 30% Response Papers: 15% Term Paper: 20% Attendance and Participation: 10% Grading Policy –  Grading scale: A+ = 97-100; A = 93-96.9; A- = 90-92.9; B+ = 87-89.9; B = 83-86.9; B- = 80-82.9; C+ = 77-79.9; C = 73-76.9; C- = 70-72.9; D+ = 67-69.9; D = 60-66.9; F = <60  this course may not be taken for S/U  Students may only request ‘I’ grades for legitimate extenuating circumstances, and must do so before the final week of classes. EXAMS: This course will require you to complete a Mid-term and a Final exam. Exam format will be a combination of term identification, short answer, and essay questions. There will be an in-class review prior to each exam. RESPONSE PAPERS: You will be required to write two short response papers for this course, each 2-3 pages in length. For these papers, you should draw on primary and secondary sources made available to you for the topic, class and Canvas discussions, and your own opinions. These papers will not require additional research. TERM PAPER: This course will require you to compose a research paper on a topic of your choice related to Celtic Studies. Optional topic suggestions will be provided, though you are encouraged to propose your own original ideas. You will be expected to make and defend a thesis in this paper, through the use of primary and/or secondary resources. Papers should be 5-7 pages in length, double-spaced with 12-point Times New Roman font, with accurate citation of all sources. ATTENDANCE & PARTICIPATION: Your regular attendance of class meetings, as well as your engagement (i.e. being awake, asking questions, and participating in discussions, not on facebook, not talking to friends, etc.) will both be considered for this portion of the grade.

UNIVERSITY ACADEMIC DISHONESTY POLICY: Plagiarism: Plagiarism is defined as “literary theft” and consists of the unattributed quotation of the exact words of a published text, or the unattributed borrowing of original ideas by paraphrase from a published text. On written papers for which the student employs information gathered from books, articles, web sites, or oral sources, each direct quotation, as well as ideas and facts that are not generally known to the public at large, or the form, structure, or style of a secondary source must be attributed to its author by means of the appropriate citation procedure. Only widely known facts and first-hand thoughts and observations original to the student do not require citations. Citations may be made in footnotes or within the body of the text. Plagiarism also consists of passing off as one’s own segments or the total of another person’s work. Cheating: Cheating is defined as follows: (a) the unauthorized granting or receiving of aid during the prescribed period of a course-graded exercise: students may not consult written materials such as notes or books, may not look at the paper of another student, nor consult orally with any other student taking the same test; (b) asking another person to take an examination in his/her place; (c) taking an examination for or in place of another student; (d) stealing visual concepts, such as drawings, sketches, diagrams, musical programs and scores, graphs, maps, etc., and presenting them as one’s own; (e) stealing, borrowing, buying, or disseminating tests, answer keys or other examination material except as officially authorized, research papers, creative papers, speeches, other graded assignments, etc. (f) Stealing or copying of computer programs and presenting them as one’s own. Such stealing includes the use of another student’s program, as obtained from the magnetic media or interactive terminals or from cards, print-out paper, etc. The University of South Florida has an account with an automated plagiarism detection service which allows instructors to submit student assignments to be checked for plagiarism. I reserve the right to submit assignments to this detection system. Assignments are compared automatically with a huge database of journal articles, web articles, and previously submitted papers. The instructor receives a report showing exactly how a student's paper was plagiarized. Punishment Guidelines: The student who submitted the subject paper, lab report, etc., shall receive an “F” with a numerical value of zero on the item submitted, and the “F” shall be used to determine the final course grade. It is the option of the instructor to assign the student a grade of F or FF (the latter indicating dishonesty) in the course. Student Academic Grievance Procedures http://www.ugs.usf.edu/catalogs/0708/arcsagp.htm

NOTE: Tape recording of lectures is not permitted except in extenuating circumstances and with the prior permission of the instructor. Materials from this course such as tape recordings, lecture notes, and handouts may not be offered for resale. Students with disabilities are responsible for registering with Students with Disabilities Services in order to receive academic accommodations. SDS encourages students to notify instructors of accommodation needs at least 5 business days prior to needing the accommodation. A letter from SDS must accompany this request.

REQUIRED BOOKS: Patrick K. Ford, trans. & ed., The Mabinogi and Other Medieval Welsh Tales. University of California Press, 2008 Thomas Kinsella, The Táin. Oxford, 2002 (earlier publications of these texts are acceptable, but the editor/translator must remain the same.) The majority of readings for this course will be posted to Canvas. The Mabinogi and The Táin should be read throughout the course and completed by 10/16 and 10/23, respectively. A NOTE ON READING ASSIGNMENTS: The reading assignments are intended to supplement and prepare you for each week’s meeting, but are not a substitute for attending class. I will assume that you have done the relevant reading before coming to lecture. Above all, you need to be aware that the readings and class lectures are both equally important to your success in this class, and in ensuring that you get the most out of the time you are investing here. Further, I will expect you to display familiarity with the themes in the reading in your papers and examinations.

(provisional and subject to change)

WEEK I - Introduction and Understanding Celticity Monday 8/26- Introduction, Review of Syllabus, Class Expectations Wednesday 8/28- What is a Celt? : The ‘Celticity’ Debate Reading assignment: Patrick Sims-Williams, “‘Celtomania’ vs. ‘Celtoscepticism,’” pp. 1-15, 33-35. Miranda Green, “Who were the Celts?”pp. 3-7.

WEEK II - The Celtic Iron Age Monday 9/2 - Labor Day Holiday, no class Wednesday 9/4 - Hallstatt Culture Reading assignment: Barry Cunliffe, “Barbarian Europe and the Mediterranean,” pp. 47-67

WEEK III - The Iron Age, continued Monday 9/9- La Tène Culture Reading assignment: Barry Cunliffe, “The Migrations 400-200 BC,”pp. 68-90. Wednesday9/11- Celtic Britain Reading Assignment: Nora Chadwick “La Tène Art in Britain and Ireland,”pp.233258

Week IV - Celtic Paganism & Roman Gaul Monday 9/16- Celtic Paganism Reading assignment: Miranda Green, “The Gods and the Supernatural,” pp. 465488 ` Proinsias Mac Cana, “Mythology and the Oral Tradition, Ireland,”pp.779-784 Sioned Davies, ““Mythology and the Oral Tradition, Wales” pp. 785-791 Classical Sources on the Druids, selections Wednesday 9/18- Roman Gaul Reading assignment: Julius Caesar The Conquest of Gaul, selections Gardner, “The ‘Gallic Menace’ in Caesar’s Propaganda,” pp.181-189

Week V – Roman Britain and the Boudiccan Rebellion Monday 9/23- Roman Britain & collapse of the Empire Reading assignment: Tacitus, Speeches of Calgacus and Agricola Hobbs and Jackson, Roman Britian, selections Wednesday 9/25- The Boudiccan Rebellion: Film “Warrior Queen” Reading assignment: Christoph Bulst, “The revolt of Queen Boudicca in A.D. 60,”pp. 496-509 Week VI – Boudicca, continued Monday 9/30- Discussion, Image vs. Reality Reading assignment: Boudicca in the ancient authors, selections Assignment Due: Response Paper on Boudicca (2-3 pages)

Wednesday 10/2- Celtic Women Reading assignment: Fergus Kelly, “Law of Persons: Woman,”pp. 68-90; 134-37 Lisa Bitel, “’Do Not Marry the Fat Short One’: The Early Irish Wisdom on Women,” pp. 137-159

WEEK VII – Midterm Exam Monday 10/7- Midterm Review Wednesday 10/9- Midterm Exam

WEEK VIII- Wales Monday 10/14- Political History of Wales Reading Assignment: John Davies, A History of Wales. Chapter 3 “Dinas Powys, Catraeth and Llantwit Major”, pp. 44-66 Chapter 4 “Aberffraw, Dinefwr and Mathrafal”, pp. 80-101 Wednesday 10/16- Early Welsh Literature and Culture Reading Assignment: Please have The Mabinogi read by this date

WEEK IX - Ireland, Political History, part 1 and Early Irish Literature Monday 10/21- Ireland before the Vikings Reading Assignment: Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, Early Medieval Ireland Chapter 2 “Kingdoms, Peoples, and Politics, AD400800”, pp. 41-62 Wednesday 10/23- Early Irish Literature Reading Assignment: Please have The Táin read by this date

WEEK X - Saints and Samhain Monday 10/28- Saints Reading Assignment: Kim McCone, “An Introduction to Early Irish Saints Lives,” selections Assignment Due: Response Paper on society in the sagas (2-3 pages) Wednesday 10/30- Samhain!! A fun class meeting for the Celtic festival of Fall when the boundaries between this world and the síd are at their weakest

WEEK XI - Saints and Celtic Christianity Monday 11/4- Video: In Search of Ancient Ireland: Saints Reading Assignment: Charlie Doherty, “The Problem of Patrick,” pp. 15-18 Wednesday 11/6– Early Christian Ireland Reading Assignment: Kathleen Hughes and John Bannerman, “The Church and the World in Early Christian Ireland,”pp. 99-116

WEEK XII - Ireland, Political History, Part 2 Monday 11/11- Veterans’ Day Holiday- no class Wednesday 11/13- From Viking invasions to the coming of the Normans Reading Assignment: Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, Chapter 9 “The Viking Age”, pp. 233-269 Clare Downham, “The Battle of Clontarf in Irish History and Legend,”pp. 19-23

WEEK XIII - Scotland: Political History: Monday 11/18- The ‘Northern Mosaic’ and the formation of Alba Wednesday 11/20- Video: A History of Scotland Reading Assignment (for the week): Thomas Owen Clancy & Barbara Crawford, “The Formation of the Scottish Kingdom,”pp. 28-70.

WEEK XIV - Society Monday 11/25- Law, Justice, Kingship, and Society Reading Assignment: Fergus Kelly, A Guide to Early Irish Law, pp. 1-38 Wednesday 11/27: Who’s kidding who? No one is coming today. Have a nice Thanksgiving ;-)

WEEK XV - The Celt in the Modern World: Monday 12/2 – Where are they now?: The Celt in the Modern World Reading Assignment: Philip O’Leary, “’What Stalked through the Post Office?’: Pearse's Cú Chulainn, ”pp. 21-31 Glanville Price, “The Celtic Languages Today,” pp. 804-813

Wednesday 12/4 - Review for Final Exam Assignment Due: Term Paper (5-7 pages)

FINAL EXAM: Wednesday, December 11, 3:00‐5:00pm , SOC 152

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