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QUESTION 1 Correct!

With Cloud Computing, it is now almost effortless for an entrepreneur to set themselves up with some ____________ and ____________ upon which to run their business. servers and hardware infrastructure and applications applications and mainframes democratization and infrastructure

QUESTION 2 Correct!
Cloud Computing enables organizations to reduce aggregate cost by paying only for what is required when it is required because of what? The organization accesses faster hardware. Resources are scalable on demand. Outsourcing to low-cost economies. Memory usage is more efficient.

QUESTION 3 Correct!
Studies have shown that what percentage of start-ups are self hosting their web infrastructure? 35% 50% 65% 25%

QUESTION 4 Correct!
The demand for _______________ access via multiple devices using multiple form factors led to a rapid growth in Cloud Computing – at an infrastructure, a platform, and an application level. restricted application immediate full

QUESTION 5 Correct!
Commoditization of Infrastructure allows IT to focus on the ___________________ aspects of its role because IT has more time to spend on business planning. strategic

support traditional technical

QUESTION 6 Correct!
Initial widespread corporate computing occurred within a shared resources model where massive ____________ computers took up acres of space and users would book time for both the machines themselves and the skilled technicians who knew how to operate them. mainframe wireframe personal Dell

QUESTION 7 Correct!
Studies have found that Cloud applications consume how much energy compared to on-premise applications? 80% less 90% less 85% less 70% less

QUESTION 8 Correct!
The definition of Democratization of Computing is: Bringing enterprise scale infrastructure to multi-national corporations and government Bringing democratic scale infrastructure to small and medium businesses Bringing nationalized scale infrastructure to medium businesses and corporations Bringing enterprise scale infrastructure to small and medium businesses

QUESTION 9 Correct!
Virtualization was developed to overcome the limitations of ____________ ____________ as it enables multiple pseudo-servers to be run on one physical device. heavy lifting over provisioning physical hardware server configuration

plus indirect income of installation. repairs. technical support. Larger Cloud providers can therefore achieve some economies of scale. repairs. average unit costs are reduced by distributing fixed costs over more units of ____________. . training. downtime. training.QUESTION 10 Correct! Which of the following terms describes the division of a single physical server into multiple “virtual” servers? Democratization Scalability Commoditization Virtualization QUESTION 1 Correct! Which of the following is NOT a distinct mechanism though which cost saving are generated using Cloud Computing? By allowing for a shift from capital expenditure to operating expenditure By lowering the opportunity cost of running technology By lowering the total cost of ownership of technology By giving organizations the ability to decrease business value by focusing on extracurricular activities QUESTION 2 Correct! Cloud Computing provides significant economic benefits to organizations. technical support. and upgrading The total direct depreciation of hardware and software. plus the indirect income in hardware and software The total direct capital investment in hardware and software. training. and upgrading. repairs. downtime. technical support. repairs. and upgrading. technical support. One of the ways it does this is… Indirectly by allowing for decreased focus on core business functions Indirectly by allowing for increased focus on core business functions Directly by allowing for decreased focus on core business functions Directly by allowing for increased focus on core business functions QUESTION 3 Correct! The definition of Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) in computing is? The total direct capital investment of installation. and upgrading QUESTION 4 Correct! According to Cloudonomics Law #5. downtime. plus the indirect capital investment in hardware and software The total direct depreciation of installation. downtime. training. plus indirect costs of installation.

as it gives it the flexibility to match ____________ to ____________.input feedback measurement output QUESTION 5 Correct! Opportunity cost is an important concept when discussing the economics of Cloud Computing because it allows one to assess the ______________ cost of any potential action. This approach is similar to the concept of Specialization of Labor developed by? Joe Weinman Gregory Ricochet Adam Smith . income to demand expenditure to demand expenditure to supply income to supply QUESTION 8 Correct! Cloud Computing enables organizations to focus on core activities. hardware expensive fixed true QUESTION 6 Correct! Who created “The 10 Laws of Cloudonomics” for the foundation for the economics of Cloud Computing in 2008? John Stuart Mill Jonathan Koomey Joe Weinman Vilfredo Pareto QUESTION 7 Correct! Operating Expenditure (OpEx) is beneficial for the organization.

Which of the following describes a potential drawback of PaaS? . utility pricing model QUESTION 2 Correct! Cloud Computing is a model for enabling convenient. technology development shared pool measured service common standard QUESTION 3 Correct! While a powerful solution for developing applications.George Reese QUESTION 9 Correct! Which type of expenditure typically appears on the balance sheet? Travel Expenditure Corporate Expenditure Operating Expenditure Capital Expenditure QUESTION 10 Correct! Gartner has estimated that what percentage of IT budget is spent on routine maintenance? 80% 60% 90% 70% QUESTION 1 Correct! Which is NOT a core characteristic which describes IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service)? Allows for dynamic scaling Web access to commercial software Resources are distributed as a service Has a variable cost. Platform as a Service (PaaS) may not always be ideal. on-demand network access to a ____________ ____________ of configurable computing resources that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.

IaaS PaaS . the risk of vendor lock-in can be greater than with an Infrastructure as a Service offering All of the above QUESTION 4 Correct! Which of the following statements describes a major characteristic of SaaS (Software as a Service) ? Web access to commercial software Software managed from a central location Users not required to handle software upgrades and patches All of the above QUESTION 5 Correct! Which of the following applications would likely be a good candidate to be delivered in a Software as a Service (SaaS) model? Applications where extremely fast processing of real time data is required Applications where legislation or other regulations do not permit data being hosted externally Applications where an existing on-premise solution fulfills all of the organization’s needs Applications where there is significant interplay between the organization and the outside world QUESTION 6 Correct! Public Cloud is considered infrastructure that consists of shared resources. deployed on a self-service basis over the ____________. hardware network intranet Internet QUESTION 7 Correct! _____________ is the set of tools and services designed to make coding and deploying applications quick and efficient.Some PaaS offerings are based on proprietary programming languages that make it difficult to move applications between hosting providers PaaS makes it difficult to customize the underlying hardware and software used for application development and deployment when required Because applications typically must be architected to take advantage of PaaS offerings.

_______________ service.DaaS SaaS QUESTION 8 Correct! Hybrid Cloud is a combination approach to Cloud Computing which combines the following: Traditional shared hosting alongside public and/or peripheral Cloud networks Traditional shared hosting alongside public and/or private Cloud networks Traditional dedicated hosting alongside public and/or private Cloud networks Traditional dedicated hosting alongside public and/or peripheral Cloud networks QUESTION 9 Correct! PaaS (Platform as a Service) can be defined as a computing platform that allows the creation of web applications quickly and easily. storage. without the complexity of buying and maintaining the ____________ and ____________ underneath it. un-requested wholly-owned on-demand in-session QUESTION 1 Correct! Which of the following concepts seek to ensure that data will continue to exist in the event of a Cloud server failure? restore and function redundancy and failover resolution and filename routing and flowchart QUESTION 2 Correct! . network and operating systems) as a (an) ____ . software and infrastructure application and architecture platform and architecture network and infrastructure QUESTION 10 Correct! Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) is a way of delivering Cloud Computing infrastructure (servers.

what is the definition of “Size of a Slice”? The amount of SQL databases within a virtual server The amount of virtual servers included in random-access memory (RAM) The amount of random-access memory (RAM) included with a virtual server The amount of random-access memory (RAM) included with personal computer (PC) QUESTION 3 Correct! __________ __________ storage for virtual storage is analogous to an external hard drive attached to a PC. performance.In Cloud Computing. and other relevant measures To determine which particular path along the network individual packets will be transferred QUESTION 6 Correct! Which is NOT an example of an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) delivery model? Private Cloud Cirrus Cloud Hybrid Cloud . The aim of Load Balancing is what? To optimize server utilization and throughput while reducing response time To optimize server performance and scalability while increasing response time To monitor uptime. hypervisor protocol driver macro QUESTION 5 Correct! Load Balancing is a technique that allows workloads to be distributed across multiple resources. Bit torrent Block level Boot disk Base station QUESTION 4 Correct! A ____________ is a software component that allows multiple operating systems to run concurrently on a single server. throughput.

Private or Internal External or Public Private or Virtualized Public or Private QUESTION 9 Correct! Using Cloud storage. is often a combination of traditional dedicated hosting alongside ____________ or ____________ Clouds. Along with direct access.Public Cloud QUESTION 7 Correct! A Content Delivery Network (CDN) is a system of ___________ dispersed servers containing multiple copies of data used to decrease page load times. customers are allowed to access their storage via ____________ ____________ ____________ enabling programmatic control of the data. application programming interfaces (API) domain name system (DNS) content delivery networks (CDN) infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) QUESTION 10 Correct! What are two critical components of the quality and reliability of data transfer? loading and balancing scaling and registry throughput and quality switching and routing QUESTION 1 Correct! . data are stored on multiple virtual servers among large storage pools provided by Cloud Computing vendors. which allows an organization to move workloads to the cloud when additional resources are needed. randomized locally geographically nationally QUESTION 8 Correct! Cloud bursting.

access is needs based. bookmarks and other potentially sensitive information on a ____________.In order to maintain security in the event of the termination of an employee. service or primary data source? firewalls patching networks backups QUESTION 4 Correct! Which of the following is NOT a level of Network Security? scientific control controls to limit network access perimeter control lists to regulate access control QUESTION 5 Correct! Rationalized Access ensures that. Network Administrators should have the ability to remotely wipe stored passwords. easy-to-remember passwords The use of encryption for communication The use of audit logging QUESTION 3 Correct! What ensures access to data in the event of a loss of connectivity. rather than all users being able to access all services the organization uses. Rationalized Access is also known as what? restored access real-time access role-based access . hypervisor laptop computer firewall mainframe QUESTION 2 Correct! Which is NOT a best practice of Virtual Server security? The firewalling of virtual machine layer service ports The use of simple.

remote access QUESTION 6 Correct! Cloud Computing security should be seen as a partnership between ____________ and ____________ where both take responsibility for their own particular areas. connectible authorized unsolicited unauthorized QUESTION 8 Correct! The Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) is a non-profit organization formed to promote the use of best practices for providing security assurance within Cloud Computing. customers and clients vendors and customers vendors and wholesalers staff and employers QUESTION 7 Correct! The main purpose of a firewall is to prevent the ____________ access to a local computer by third parties using the Internet. process password phishing patching QUESTION 10 Correct! . The objective of the CSA is: To promote a common level of understanding between the consumers and providers of Cloud Computing regarding security requirements To promote independent research into best practices for Cloud Computing security To create consensus lists of issues and guidance for Cloud security assurance All of the above QUESTION 9 Correct! ____________ is the updating of software on individual devices with the latest version.

Network security consists of the policies and procedures adopted by the Network Administrator to prevent and monitor unauthorized access. Which is NOT one of those compliance requirements? Sarbanes-Oxley . What is this concept called? vendor lock-in vendor monopoly vendor blocking vendor control QUESTION 4 Correct! There are a number of different compliance requirements that may have an impact on Cloud Computing usage. Specific things to think about here include: The bandwidth cost of moving significant amounts of data to the Cloud The time taken to transfer data in the migration process The business process involved in a migration including downtime. or denial of the computer network and ________________________ resources. business continuity. CPU or RAM ROM or CAD RTE or CPU CGI or RSS QUESTION 2 Correct! Often overlooked is the cost and time it takes to migrate existing workloads to the Cloud. modification. rationalized-access detection-prevention in-depth network-accessible QUESTION 1 Correct! Applications that have very high ________ or __________ requirements may be difficult or cost prohibitive to move to the Cloud. misuse. and training All of the above QUESTION 3 Correct! There is a common concern about moving to Cloud Computing and being fixed to one provider.

CMS GAAP HIPPA QUESTION 5 Correct! There are three broad areas that organizations need to consider when moving to Cloud Computing. authenticated automated architected animated QUESTION 7 Correct! Classic economics states that __________ __________. Which one is NOT one of those resources? compute storage bandwidth iteration QUESTION 9 Correct! . should not affect decision making when making a move to Cloud Computing. scalable costs sunk costs significant costs spent costs QUESTION 8 Correct! Most Cloud vendors provide transparent pricing for Cloud Computing resources. or costs that have already been incurred. Which one is NOT an area of consideration? technical considerations external business considerations environmental considerations internal business considerations QUESTION 6 Correct! Cloud Computing provides real benefits for organizations but to realize these benefits the applications being utilized sometimes need to be ____________ to maximize the benefits of Cloud Computing.

Applications that provide a specific point of differentiation between an organization and its competitors are good first test candidates for a move to the Cloud. away from themselves so that they are able to focus on core __________ issues. True False UserAnswer:False CorrectAnswer:False QUESTION 10 Correct! When an organization makes a decision to move to Cloud Computing. strategic tactical conceptual corporate QUESTION 3 Correct! . controls/tactical operations/strategic output/corporate strategic/ operations QUESTION 2 Correct! Cloud Computing is truly unique in that it enables IT departments to minimize their involvement in the technical aspects of IT and become true ____________ partners of the business. IT managers may be reluctant to change. including managing and running email servers. database servers. or application infrastructure. Which department within the organization should managers partner with to work out strategies to achieve employee buy in when moving to Cloud Computing? human resources marketing operations finance QUESTION 1 Correct! Cloud Computing enables organizations to abstract the responsibilities for non-core __________.

creation. and manipulation of the “glue” that binds different services together. What is an API? Application Page Interlaced Application Programming Interface Appliance Partition Interface Access Pipeline Index QUESTION 4 Correct! Cloud Computing is a step change in the concept of __________ outsourcing. Build It Now Happy Go Lucky Never Say Die Not Built Here QUESTION 6 Correct! Many argue that ____________ will be the default way of delivering computing resources in the future. One loose community of Cloud Computing thought leaders that communicates primarily over Twitter is known as what? The Cloudotarians The Cloudunion . IP IM IT ISP QUESTION 5 Correct! Many traditional IT staffers have the “__________ __________ __________” mentality that technology solutions should always be built in house.The advent and rise of APIs has led to an entire industry based around the utilization. which suggests that any solution that is obtained from third party provider is suboptimal when compared to something built and deployed in-house. Batch Process Operating Systems Cloud Computing Markup Language QUESTION 7 Correct! Cloud Computing has built a very strong community of practitioners who tend to put aside vendor allegiances to collaborate and share knowledge about the industry.

Hybrid Cloud Cloud bursting Private Cloud Public Cloud . many formal Cloud Computing qualifications exist? True False UserAnswer:False CorrectAnswer:False QUESTION 9 Correct! When management is faced with a shift to Cloud Computing. training. Twitter.The Clouderati The Cloudapalooza QUESTION 8 Correct! Compared to training based on the client-server model of computing. and other social media outlets All of the above QUESTION 1 Correct! ____________ ____________ delivers IT resources in a way that the infrastructure or software is operated solely for an individual organization on dedicated hardware. there are three areas that need to be assessed to ensure they are ready for the opportunities and challenges that accompany the move. hiring and retention of Cloud professionals QUESTION 10 Correct! With a narrow talent pool for experienced Cloud practitioners. Which is NOT an area that needs to be assessed? planning for shifting IT responsibilities purchasing a bank of servers developing new skills recruitment. organizations should: encourage internal professional development give employees the freedom to explore new areas of technology embrace new forms of knowledge gathering via blogs.

managed by a third party on-demand. Which is NOT a benefit of Hybrid Cloud? minimizing ROI on existing infrastructure compliance flexibility maximizing ROI on existing infrastructure QUESTION 3 Correct! To help simplify the definition of Cloud Computing. managed by a third party off-line. one of the founders of the CloudCamp series of conferences. Dave Nielson. Which is NOT part of the OSSM mnemonic? scalable self-provided measureable on-demand QUESTION 4 Correct! There are four general ways to deploy a Private Cloud. pronounced 'Awesome'. What is this concept called? independent iteration instance isolation isolation input instance interface QUESTION 6 Correct! Which is NOT a distinct delivery mechanism in the world of Cloud Computing? Nimbus Cloud Private Cloud .QUESTION 2 Correct! A Hybrid Cloud approach can deliver several benefits to an organization. created the mnemonic OSSM.” ea ch with its own operating system. managed by the organization on-line. Which of the following is a common approach? off-premise. managed by a third party QUESTION 5 Correct! The hypervisor splits physical servers into separate “instances.

having the majority of IT running on-premise with customer owned infrastructure tends to ___________ the potential time and flexibility benefits that organizations might achieve from a move to the Cloud.Public Cloud Hybrid Cloud QUESTION 7 Correct! Hybrid Cloud is sometimes called what? Hybrid ICS Hybrid IM Hybrid IT Hybrid ISA QUESTION 8 Correct! What are the most commonly described Service Models of Public Cloud? Software as a Service (SaaS) Platform as a Service (PaaS) Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) All of the above QUESTION 9 Correct! Which of the following is a benefit of Public Cloud? high upfront costs increased flexibility compliance requirements reduced import footprint QUESTION 10 Correct! In terms of agility and flexibility. reduce upgrade increase regulate QUESTION 1 Correct! What are virtual machines that allow multiple operating systems to exist on one piece of physical hardware called? .

Hypertexts Hyperlinks Hypervisors Hyperthreads QUESTION 2 Correct! Launched at OSCON in 2011. Which of the following is NOT a component of LAMP? Perl. Source/Standards Server/Source Session/Standards Standards/Source QUESTION 5 Correct! LAMP is an acronym for a complete solution of Open Source software that goes together to build a general-purpose web server. the development and adoption of Open ____________ software. PHP. which is the non-profit advocate of Open Cloud Computing? Open Source Initiative (OSI) Open Standard Initiative (OSI) Open Computing Initiative (OCI) Open Cloud Initiative (OCI) QUESTION 3 Correct! Open __________ are the building blocks upon which Open _________ software is built. built upon Open ____________ is key. or Python LinkedIn operating system MySQL database Apache HTTP sever . Standards/Code Datacenters/Source Standards/Source Source modules/Standards QUESTION 4 Correct! In order to maximize Cloud Computing innovations.

much attention was given to building the ____________ and rapid provisioning aspects of the Cloud. Online Source Open Firmware Operating System Open Source QUESTION 9 Correct! Application ___________ Interfaces (APIs) are a particular set of rules and specifications that software programs can follow to communicate with each other. Password Programming Portal Pipeline QUESTION 10 Correct! The spread of technology was ____________ and accelerated as Open Source and Open Standards both reduced end users’ concerns about adopting technology and the cost of that technology.QUESTION 6 Correct! Which is NOT an example of an Open Source project? Nimbus Eucalyptus OpenCluster OpenStack QUESTION 7 Correct! When Cloud Computing was first developed as a concept. commoditization virtualization bandwidth scalability QUESTION 8 Correct! __________ __________ software was fundamental in building the web into what it is today. commoditized virtualized .

amortized democratized QUESTION 1 Correct! Cloud Computing is generally depicted as a technology stack. organizations are able to ____________ their infrastructure up and down to closely match demand curves. Which of the following is NOT a component of the typical Cloud Computing stack? Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Software as a Service (SaaS) Platform as a Service (PaaS) Database as a Service (DaaS) QUESTION 2 Correct! By using Cloud Computing. scale develop architect reconfigure QUESTION 3 Correct! Private Cloud delivers IT resources so that the infrastructure or software is operated solely for an individual organization on ____________________? uncommitted software uncommitted hardware dedicated software dedicated hardware QUESTION 4 Correct! Which of the following impacts an organization’s decision to move to the Cloud or stay in -house? Industry type Existing IT situation Size of organization All of the above QUESTION 5 Correct! .

organizations can significantly ____________ the risk of new projects and are able to execute on more development opportunities. In doing so. aggravate mitigate magnify exasperate QUESTION 7 Correct! Security in the Cloud is a partnership between vendors and whom? customers philanthropists engineers developers QUESTION 8 Correct! “Hybrid Cloud” can be defined as any pairing of Public Cloud with any other __________ infrastructure. organizations can ____________ the management of disparate Cloud resources. the need for manual intervention can be reduced which potentially increases the reliability of the infrastructure compared to traditional models. IS IM IP IT QUESTION 9 Correct! With Cloud Computing. access aggregate . Public Hybrid IT Hybrid Private QUESTION 6 Correct! By moving development to the Cloud.____________ Cloud is Cloud Computing infrastructure where the service is available to the general public or a large industry group.

. A situation where an organization is unable to move vendors because their data.archive automate QUESTION 10 Correct! What is Vendor Lock-in? A situation where an organization is unable to move vendors because their data. processes and infrastructure are inextricably linked with one particular vendor. A situation where an organization is able to move vendors because their data. A situation where an organization is able to move vendors because their data. processes and infrastructure are inextricably linked with multiple vendors. processes and infrastructure are inextricably linked with multiple vendors. processes and infrastructure are inextricably linked with one particular vendor.