Calculus Workbook

33

Section 3.1 Information
Alternate Notations for the derivative of y = f (x)
1. f (x) or f 2. y dy 3. dx “the derivative of y with respect to x” d [f (x)] 4. dx

List of Shortcut Formulas
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
d dx [c]

= = =

d n dx [x ]

d dx [cf (x)] d dx [f (x) d dx [f (x) d x dx [e ]

+ g (x)] = − g (x)] =

=

Section 3.1 – Derivatives of Polynomials and Exponential Functions
Example 1. Let f (x) = x4 − 2x3 . Find f (x)

Example 2. Let y = x2 + x + 4 +

1 . Find y . x3

Exercises √ 1. Sketch in the tangent lines to f (x) at x = 1. x = 2. whose graph is given to the right. and x = 3. y 8 6 4 2 2 4 6 8 1 2 3 4 x . Let f (x) = 2ex − 3x2 x. and calculate their slopes.34 Sonoma State University d Calculate dt √ 3 t2 4 √ +t t 3 2 t Example 3.

. 35 (b) At what value of x does f (x) have a tangent line parallel to the line 3x − y = 5? 3. Let f (x) = 1 + 2ex − 3x. Find the equation of the tangent line to f (x) = x3 − 2x2 + 4x + 1 at x = 1. (a) At what value(s) of x does f (x) have a horizontal tangent line? Give answer(s) in exact form and as decimal approximations.Calculus Workbook 2.

Example 3. Calculate f (x).2 – Product and Quotient Rule d [f (x) g (x)] = dx d f (x) = dx g (x) Example 1. dx Example 2. Calculate d x2 · x3 .Calculus Workbook 37 Section 3. Let f (x) = (1 + x2 − 3x4 )(x7 − 8x4 ). Calculate c + xex dy dx . Let y = x2 . .

If y = x4 f (x). √ ax + b (a) f (x) = (x2 − x) · ex (b) g (x) = cx + d . c. Find the derivative of each of the following functions. Exercises 1. ﬁnd formulas for y and y . Let f be a diﬀerentiable function. and d are constants. b. You may assume that a.38 Sonoma State University Example 4.

Find the equation of the tangent line to y = 1 at x = 0.Calculus Workbook 2. 1 + x + xex 39 .

4 and 3.Calculus Workbook 43 Sections 3.5 – The Chain Rule and Trigonometric Functions The Chain Rule. dy du dy = · dx du dx d f (g (x)) = f (g (x)) · g (x) dx 2. Find √ dy dx . Let y = (3x2 − 2x − 5)4 . If y = f (u) is diﬀerentiable and u = g (x) is diﬀerentiable. Example 2. Find d x3 −2x2 +1 e . Example 3. Find dy dx . Note: Example 1. then 1. Let y = 2ex + 1. dx .

.Calculus Workbook 45 Derivatives of Trigonometric Functions d sin x = dx d cos x = dx d tan x = dx d cot x = dx d sec x = dx d csc x = dx Examples and Exercises 1. Find the equation of the tangent line to f (x) = (x2 + 1)−1 at x = 1.

Find d x dx (sin(xe )).46 2. . 3. Use the fact that d dx (sin x) Sonoma State University = cos x and d dx (cos x) = − sin x to prove that d dx (tan x) = sec2 x.

Calculus Workbook 4. Find the derivative of each of the following functions. (a) f (x) = x2 + 9 x+3 (b) f (t) = sin(t2 ) 47 (c) y = xe−x 2 (d) g (t) = tan2 t (e) f (x) = cos(sin2 x) .