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Cause of the Revolution Flow Chart

Year Event Effect on Colonies Effect on England How it led to the American (Economic, Political, (Economic, Political, Revolution. Social) Social) French and The colonists United the Increased Created bitter feelings towards the British. and the British colonists against a colonial empire Indian War vs. the French common foe. in America. and the Indians. Created socializing Enlarged British wanted experience to Englands debt. the French out learn about the Britain felt like of North other colonists. they should show America while the colonists who the French were in charge. wanted the Proclamation of Mississippi Prohibited Took away the Allowed England Beginning of political settlement in land that was won to still have actions taken by the 1763 the area after the war. power over the British. beyond the colonists. Appalachians Description




Sugar Act

First tax on American colonies Taxed on sugar

Increased the duty on foreign sugar imported from West Indies.

Help the British pay their debt.

Angered the colonists on being taxed





Stamp Act

Effect on Colonies (Economic, Political, Social) Mandated the Jeopardized the use of stamped basic rights of the paper or the colonists as affixing of Englishmen stamps, certifying payment of tax

Effect on England (Economic, Political, Social) Helped pay off the debt.

How it led to the American Revolution. Made the colonists realize that if they make a big wave, British government will back off after repealing the stamp act.


Quartering Act

Measures required certain colonies to provide food and quarters for British troops.

Felt like there was no purpose for the soldiers to stay.

Made sure the colonists were following orders

Made the colonists question the British.


Declaratory Act

Reaffirming Parliaments right to bind the colonies in all cases whatsoever.

The colonists didn't like to be controlled.

Absolute and unqualified sovereignty over its North American colonies.

The colonists would do anything to gain control.





Townshend Duties

Taxed duty on glass, white lead, paper, paint, and tea.

Effect on Colonies (Economic, Political, Social) Paying more tax Not buying British goods

Effect on England (Economic, Political, Social) Money used to support British officials

How it led to the American Revolution. Boston Massacre and boycott.


Boston Massacre

British soldiers acting without order and firing at colonists.

Deaths and causalities.

Showed the colonist who still had the power.

Fighting together against the British.


Tea Act

Tax on tea

Colonists started to smuggle tea

Lowered the price so smuggling would stop

Colonists started to become suspicious of the Britain.


Boston Tea Party

Bostonians loosely disguised as Indians boarded the docked ships, smashed 342 chests of tea and dumped it into the ocean.

Triumph against the British.

British politicians refused to surrender

Went against British policies and became more independent.





Coercive/ Intolerable Acts

Series of acts that were designed for Boston for the tea party.

Effect on Colonies (Economic, Political, Social) Closed the Boston Harbor Officials who killed colonists went to England for trials Restrictions on town meetings

Effect on England How it led to the American (Economic, Political, Revolution. Social) Further showing of It made the colonists angry power over the with the amount of control American colonies the British had over them


First Continental Congress

Meeting in Philadelphia to consider ways of redressing colonial grievances Deliberated for 7 weeks

Working together

No importation, no exportation and no consumption from the colonists to the British.

United together on a common ground. Formed a small congress


Battles of Lexington and Concord

British commanders in Boston sent a detachment of troops. Marched off the Concord but were forced to retreat by ready and forceful Americans

Stood together and fought of the British.

Colonists showed the British that they were through with them.

Turning point for the colonists





Second Continental Congress

Full states of 13 colonies were represented.

Effect on Colonies (Economic, Political, Social) Desire to continue fighting. All the colonists coming together as one.

Effect on England (Economic, Political, Social) Losing control of the colonists

How it led to the American Revolution. United the colonists.


Publication of Common Sense

Written by Thomas Paine who challenged the authority of British government.

First work to openly ask for independence.

Rejected British heritage and condemned monarchy.

Demanded independence and establishment of a strong federal union.


Declaration of Independence

Document stating freedom from Britain.

Gave freedom to the colonists

Loss of the American empire

Made America an independent nations.