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Research Proposal Part II Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend CJA/334
1. Why do sex offenders continue to offend after incarceration? 2. Do sex offenders offend the same victims more than once? 3. However. Is there any way to help sex offenders so they do not continue to offend? . every Sex offender’s mind does not operate the same the goal is to figure out exactly what takes place in their minds as they commit such acts. It seems almost as though some sex offenders find enjoyment in offending continuously even after punishment. It is normally understood that once an individual has committed a crime or chose to be an offender that they are subject to some form of punishment to help them understand the consequences of their actions. How does the mind of sex offenders function? 4. although the Criminal Justice system was designed this way some individuals do not learn this way. In this study researches will be taking a closer look at Sex offenders and how they offend.Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 2 Abstract No one can fully understand what takes place in the minds of all individuals. There are questions that need to be answered and researchers have set out to find those answers to gather understandings. but individuals can conduct research and studies to try to gather a better understanding of how individuals think and react. Although.
.Page 11-12 Personnel……………………………………………………………..Page 12 Budget……………………………………………………………...Page 9-10 Significance of objectives…………………………………………... Page 4 Proposed Study and Work… …………………………………… .Page 12-13 References……………………………………………………………Page 14-15 .Page 5-6 Past Works…………………………………………………………Page 6-8 Methodology……………………………………………………….Page 11 Facilities……………………………………………………………...Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 3 Table of Contents Introduction …………………………………………………….
. In a new study researchers are beginning to take a closer look as to how sexual offenders truly operate. If sex offenders commit a wide variety of offenses. Considering this.Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 4 Introduction It is not understood as to why criminal offenders tend to commit offenses over and over again. ―Of all crimes. things tend to be different in the minds of sex offenders. One would think that once an individual is punished for committing such acts that they would learn their lesson. programs are set in place to assess the behaviors of sex offenders. However. offenders who have had inappropriate sexual contact with . sex offenses arguably have received the most public and legislative attention in recent years. The study of recidivism—the directive of a succeeding offense. It is important that within the research. and identify any factors associated with sex offender recidivism. responses from a public strategy and treatment may be no different from is suitable for the general unlawful population (Quinsey. 2008). Sexual offenses have serious negative consequences to victims. we define what the sex offender population is. define recidivism. “Sex offenders are a highly heterogeneous mixture of individuals who have committed violent sexual assaults on strangers. 1984). the length of time for follow up. At least this is what the justice system thought when it set the guidelines for punishment. especially with individuals who receive convictions regarding sex offenses. Proposed Study and Work A major reason corrections plays a major role within the criminal justice system is rehabilitation. especially sexual offenders. and to assist these individuals not to offend again. their families and communities and tax overextended criminal justice systems‖ (McGarth et al.
It is important that when we review case studies. we must determine when recidivism may occur. the definition of what a sex offender is clearly stated. owing to gross underreporting of sex crimes‖ (Furby et al. This can be measured by when the offender arrested. This review will differ from typical research and reviews that have been done regarding recidivism in sex offenders.. 2001). convicted. recidivism rates for sex offenders are unusually hard to establish. and Seymour. however. 1989). and 1998 indicate that only 32 percent (one out of three) of sexual assaults against persons 12 or older are reported to law enforcement. A three-year longitudinal study (Kilpatrick. To measure recidivism. 2001). Previous studies grouped a particular sex offender to assess the sex offender’s population. including violent sex offenders. and those who have engaged in a wide range of other inappropriate and criminal sexual behaviors‖ (Bynum. individuals who have molested children. the sample population will have different results and different factors related to recidivism. each measure something differently. Our study will include and identify the population of sex offenders. this proposed study will broaden the sex offender population to obtain a more accurate assessment of recidivism rates. Past Works ―Some evidence suggests sex offenders often continue offending even after incarceration or clinical treatment. If we group offenders together. however.008 adult women found that 84 percent of respondents who identified themselves as rape victims did not report the crime to authorities‖ (Bynum. However. ―The National Crime Victimization Surveys (Bureau of Justice Statistics) conducted in 1994. This .Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 5 family members. 1995. These all measure recidivism. or in custody. 1992) of 4. Edmunds.
―A prospective study allows one to design an assessment battery that can be sensitive to events that occur during incarceration or treatment and after release. making a quasi-experiment design with a nonequivalent control group is more concrete. as they were single case studies. This is typically for reviews much older. Quinsey (1977) and Bradford (1985) studies did not address the population of sex offenders. 1989). unlike reviews from Quinsey (1977) and Bradford (1985) will not target a specific type of offender. determined that previous studies were hard to understand because of lack of a comparison group. (1989). as it is a more accurate way of calculating the likelihood of men in the sample recidivating during a specified follow-up period‖ (Furby et al. The equation is as follows: . Furby et al. According to Furby et al. although different sex offenders will have different recidivism rates. it is important and more useful to obtain what the larger population of sex offenders should be. (1989).. 1989). the ―life-table‖ method was used. It also permits the investigator to ensure careful data collection and recording for all participants‖ (Furby et al. When calculating and assessing the data. however. The researchers did address treatment groups. (1989) reports that although a random assignment would be more beneficial. there were no reports or data show regarding sex offenders that receive treatment and those who did not receive treatment. Furby et al. Unlike other reviews and studies.Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 6 review. This is an important factor regarding recidivism in sex offenders.
―In a study focused on dynamic factors. ―In order to reduce underestimations of the risk of recidivism. The psychotherapy sessions took place once a week at the Court Clinic in East Cambridge. recidivism was defined as a conviction or charge for a new sexual offense. they also must strive to gather information about offenders’ criminal histories . The results of Hackett’s (1971) study. This study fails to answer general questions regarding recidivist individuals and identifying major factors. in which altered the outcome and results of the review and study. fail to acknowledge their recidivism risk. 2001). however. included four recidivist dropouts without tabulating the individual’s relapse. selected 37 exhibitionists from a total of 214 individuals who acknowledged guilt and wanted to understand his problem on probation and seen for psychotherapy.Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 7 ―T is the duration of follow-up time period (in years) and N is the number of offenders in the sample. 1989). the methods and data can be used within this review as a comparison in relation to reanalyzing statistics and results regarding recidivism of sex offenders. According to Hanson and Harris (1998). Hackett (1971). Hanson and Harris (1998) collected data on over 400 sex offenders under community supervision. This study is missing reliable information. a violation of supervision conditions for sexual reasons. particularly anger‖. and show sharp mood increases. have access to victims. MA between a six months to 14-year timeframe. this measure theoretically provides information on the total number of crimes committed by recidivists‖ (Furby et al. In contrast to the percentage of men who are recidivists. approximately one-half of whom were recidivists (for the purposes of this study. ―at most risk of reoffending when they become sexually preoccupied. a non-sexual criminal charge that appeared to be sexually motivated.. There are no comparisons in relation to a treatment group and a non-treatment group. and self-disclosure by the offender)‖ (Bynum.
74). p. beyond official criminal justice data. ―Quasiexperimental designs do no use random assignment of groups and instead employ matching or other means of obtaining equivalence of groups‖ (Hagan. typically between 1 to 3 years. Research Design Research design is the framework the monitors the proposed study and validates the research. 2010. 2001). practitioners should not lose sight of how these issues impact research outcomes‖ (Bynum. In comparing results of various studies. The reason for a quasi- . and what is missing within studying recidivism rates of sex offenders. It is important that we gather information from both to determine the means of recidivism in sex offenders as those who have received treatment is the study group and the sex offenders who did not receive treatment are the control group. to capture the rate of recidivism of said subjects. Past research is important to this study in regards to what has been assessed. Sampling This study will use a quasi-experimental design to collect samples and data. The subjects will be studied for a period of time.Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 8 from multiple sources. Methodology The methodology utilized in this proposal consist of an extensive review of literature and research that outlines recidivism in sex offenders. what is included. This study will gather data of sex offenders from federal prison databases for recently released sex offenders who received treatment and sex offenders that have not received treatment.
023 released sex offenders who have received some form of treatment. and is extremely important depending on the type of data that is being collected. This is important as treatment.023 released sex offenders who have received some form of treatment and a sample size of 1. whether therapy or medication. We will also maintain and guarantee confidentiality for the sex offenders who are selected to participate within the study to obtain precise and accurate data. The sex offenders who are not receiving treatment will be evaluated and assessed by . we will randomly select a sample size of 1.Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 9 experimental design is we have to obtain our data from other means to obtain our sample group for the proposed study. is identified as a factor that can directly affect recidivism rates of sex offenders.145 released sex offenders who have not received treatment at all. The study will include mental and behavioral evaluations of all subjects prior to being released.145 released sex offenders who have not received treatment at all. The subjects will be monitored once a month in assessing his or her stability with maintaining as a law abiding citizen within his or her community. This study has a large sample size of 1. By gathering information from a federal prison data base. Maintaining confidentiality is essential as we would also need to capture the mental status of the sex offenders chosen and his or her behavior with and without treatment after being released. We will also randomly select a sample size of 1. Those who have received treatment and continue his or her treatment after being released will be evaluated by those who are treating him or her. The large size of the population has been chosen to increase accuracy and validity of the data that is collected and reduce bias within the study. Data Collection Tools There are many factors to consider when selecting data collection tools.
average. As data is collected. and if this issue comes to light. The effect on a sexual predator when they are listed on the sexual offender registry can hamper the rehabilitation of a sexual predator. it will be analyzed using statistical tools like mean.Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 10 using questionnaires. and how as a society we can possibly help them to become a productive member of society. and other methods. and law enforcement. To learn the programs that is available to them. to allow us to gain the knowledge as to why sexual offenders offend in the first place. The reason for this is because there are occasions where innocent people are wrongly convicted of a sexual offense. If this study can help just one person. To determine the . It is our hope that the study will give the state a clearer picture of the recidivism rate. The purpose for this study is to determine whether a sexual predator can be rehabilitated while they are incarcerated. We need to determine if giving the general public the knowledge of every sexual predator is a benefit to society or does it hamper the efforts of the criminal justice community in trying to rehabilitate a sexual offender. percentages. then it is very hard for the person wrongly convicted to get out from under the stigma or classification of being a sexual predator. then it will be worth the effort. community assessments. programs that can be implemented to assist those who do have this issue facing them. Facilities Facilities required to conduct this study would be a room within the prison system to conduct the interviews with a select few sexual offenders. and if they victimize the same victims that they originally were convicted of. Significance of objectives The significance of this study is to determine how many sex offenders re-offend when they are released from prison. It is to determine why they re-offend.
and not to incur additional costs as a result of gaining this knowledge.Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 11 steps that are taken once a sexual offender is released from custody. a psychologist. employees who already work within the criminal justice system and the nature of the study should not cost the state very . These personnel would have to be willing to volunteer to work on this study. and all necessary office equipment to construct this study into a proposal format. The only other facility needed would be a space within the criminal justice system to gather the results of the interviews. and any necessary pertinent information that will go into the study to get a clearer picture. and a team leader to oversee the study and those working on the study (preferably someone of the management staff). Personnel Personnel required for this study would come from those who are already employed by the state. One of the main objectives of this study is how to save the state money. so that the state does not incur any further costs or have any budgetary issues. computers. a police officer. to allow these employees to devote time to the study. that they receive in their normal every day job duties. These personnel would be paid as if they were working in their regular capacity or their normal positions. a probation officer. The personnel required would be employees from the prison system (preferably some clerical staff members). a parole officer. the surveys conducted. Budget Budgeting for this study is going to be really brief. so that we can present it to the state for approval. and receive the normal compensation. software programs to compute the numbers and put them into perspective. These facilities will need to contain the necessary equipment to conduct the study such as. We would have to obtain prior approval from the necessary departments. a sexual offender social worker. Due to the fact that we will be utilizing facilities within the prison system and criminal justice system. a statistician.
Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 12 much money at all. we will ask the state for a small percentage of funds to assist in purchasing these supplies or the prison can include the cost in their yearly budget request. Within this proposal. . If there are any additional costs. those costs will be determined at the time that they are needed. The supplies needed to conduct this study will come for supplies already purchased by the facility that are surpluses and required during daily operation of the criminal justice system itself.
Organic treatments for the male sexual offender. (2009) Website Bynum. M. & Blackshaw.Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 13 References Books Bradford.. E. Canadian Psychological Review.1037/0033-2909. Recidivism of Sex Offenders. (2001) Furby. Sciences and the Law. Psychological Bulletin. (1989) Quinsey.). (1958) Hackett. 204-220. (2010).html. Sex offender recidivism: A review.. 3(4).105. 355-375. (2012) . 18(3). V. (1989). (1971). Upper Saddle River. 3(4). (1977). (1985).1. The assessment and treatment of child molesters: A review. 105(1). (1971) Hagan. 355-375. Behavioral Sciences and the Law. J. The psychotherapy of exhibitionists in a court clinic setting.org/pubs/recidsexof. doi:10. F. L. M. L. T. 297–306. 3. NJ: Prentice Hall. R. Retrieved from http://csom. L. Weinrott. P. 3-30. T.3. W. Research methods in criminal justice and criminology (8th ed. Seminars in Psychiatry. (2001).
(2005) . (1998). R. J. R. M. (2008). (1998) Documents McGrath. A Model of Static and Dynamic Sex Offender Risk Assessment. F. Dynamic predictors of sexual recidivism. A.pdf. P. & Harris. G..gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/236217. & Cumming.K. Retrieved from https://www..Sex Offenders Continuing to Offend 14 Article Hanson.ncjrs. Lasher. Ottawa: Solicitor General of Canada.
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