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Flash Cards

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Published by Lemuel Neymar
Biology GCSE plash cards
Biology GCSE plash cards

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Published by: Lemuel Neymar on Sep 07, 2013
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Cells Qu. What 5 elements are in an animal cell? Ans. Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Nucleus, mitochondria, ribosome.

Cells Qu. What 8 elements are in a plant cell? Ans. Nucleus, cell wall, mitochondria, cell membrane, ribosome, chloroplast, vacuole, cytoplasm. Cells Qu. What is the job of the cell membrane? Ans. Controls the passage of substances in and out of the cell.

Cells Qu. What is the job of the Nucleus? Ans. Controls all the activities of the cell, contains instructions for making new cells or organisms. It also contains chromosomes. Cells Qu. What is the job of the mitochondria? Ans. Structures in the cytoplasm, turns glucose into energy.

Cells Qu. What is the job of the cytoplasm? Ans. It’s a liquid gel where chemical reactions happen. 1 of the most important reactions is respiration. These reactions are needed for life. Cells Qu. What is the job of the Ribosome? Ans. All the proteins in the cell are made here. Cells Qu. What is the job of a cell wall? Ans. Made of tough cellulose fibres. It maintains the shape of the plant.

Cells Qu. What is the job of chloroplast? Ans. Where photosynthesis takes place. Osmosis and Diffusion
Qu. Define Osmosis Ans. The net movement of water from an area of high concentration (of water) to an area of low concentration (of water) along a concentration gradient through a partially permeable membrane.

Cells Qu. What is the job of the vacuole? Ans. Contains sugar and water. Keeps the cell firm. Osmosis and Diffusion Qu. Define Diffusion Ans. The net movement of particles of a gas or solute from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration (along a concentration gradient). Enzymes Qu. What are enzymes used for? Ans. Enzymes are used for breaking down substances into simpler molecules.

Osmosis and Diffusion Qu. Define Partially permeable? Ans. A partially permeable only allows water particles through its membrane but doesn’t allow other particles through e.g. sugar. Enzymes

Enzymes Qu. Define Enzymes Ans. A protein which speeds up a reaction (a biological catalyst).

Enzymes

Enzymes

Enzymes Qu. Enzymes Qu. Cells Qu. What is the word equation for glucose? Ans. Where is lipase produced? Ans. However. Enzymes Qu. Name two other enzymes adapted to work in certain conditions. Because acidic conditions will kill off any bacteria in the food. Here they work fastest. Enzymes Qu. Protease enzymes. Enzymes Qu. what happens to the rate of reaction in the human body? Ans. Qu. What is the formula equation for glucose? Ans. pH 2 Enzymes Qu. small intestines. At 40°C. What enzymes break down proteins? Ans. In the pancreas. Enzymes Qu. They speed up reactions and remain chemically unchanged. Enzymes Qu. In the salivary glands. small intestines. In the stomach. Why those the stomach have a low pH? Ans.Qu. Amylase enzymes. water is frozen at this temperature. what happens to the rate of reaction in the body? Ans. What enzymes break down fats? Ans. What enzymes break down carbohydrates? Ans. Lipase enzymes. Biological catalysts are the enzymes in the body. At this temperature the enzymes are still able to work. what happens to the rate of reaction in the human body? Ans. Define Denature Ans. Enzymes Qu. At 37˚C. but it is still relative slow. What and where are biological catalysts? Ans. C6H1206 + 6O2 = . Qu. Enzymes Qu. What pH is pepsin adapted to work at? Ans. Where is protease produced? Ans. The reactions are slow. Ans. pancreas. Enzymes Qu. what happens to the rate of reaction in the human body? Ans. At 0˚C. It is faster than it is at 0˚C. The break down of the protein structure of enzymes so they can no longer catalyse a reaction. Pepsin and Trypsin Enzymes Qu. At this temperature most of the enzymes have denatured. enzymes are at the peak temperature they can work at. Enzymes Qu. At this temperature. small intestines. this is because enzymes need liquid to move around in. At 10˚C. Where is amylase produced? Ans. what happens to the rate of reaction in the human body? Ans. pancreas. enzymes start to denature at this temperature. At 50°C. Glucose + Oxygen Cells Qu.

What is the main purpose of the small intestines? Ans. Homeostasis Qu. Alkaline Enzymes Qu. Is bile and alkaline or an acid? Ans. What does bile do? Ans. which takes the longest to digest? (Carbohydrate. Homeostasis Qu. Isomerase is an enzyme that does what? Ans. Enzymes Qu. Name. large intestines. Out of the following 3 elements. Surface area. Enzymes Qu. Ans. What is urea? Ans. oesophagus (gullet). Converts glucose into fructase. Where is bile produced? Ans. small intestines. Enzymes Qu. To absorb digested food. Amylase or protease) Ans. Ans. Homeostasis Qu. Protease Enzymes Qu. Why does the mitochondrion have a folded inner membrane? Ans. Homeostasis Homeostasis Qu. Where is bile stored? Ans. Ans. stomach. Fill the gap – bile gives a much bigger____ ____ of fat for the lipase to work on. fat) Ans. pH 7 Enzymes Qu. the six main places your food goes when being digested. Maintaining and controlling internal conditions so enzymes can work at optimum temperature. Gall bladder 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy Enzymes Qu. Ans. Mouth. In the liver. What is Fructase used in and why? Ans.= Carbon Dioxide + Water + Energy Enzymes Qu. protein. Homeostasis Qu. Digestion and respiration. Homeostasis Qu. Enzymes Qu. Homeostasis Homeostasis . Enzymes Qu. Bile emulsifies the food. What is the job of the kidneys? Ans. What pH is trypsin adapted to work at? Ans. Fat Osmosis and Diffusion Qu. Broken down proteins and waste products. Gives a larger surface area for the enzymes which control cellular respiration. Define Homeostasis. What sort of enzyme is pepsin? (Lipase. Name two ways the body uses diffusion. anus. Controls the levels of water and ions in the blood and filters the blood of urea from the blood. It also neutralizes the acid from the stomach. in order. Fructase is used in diet foods because it is sweeter than sugar so you use less to sweeten food.

What do chromosomes carry? Ans. Inheritance and genes Qu. Inheritance and genes Qu. 23 pairs Qu. Mother = bb Father = BB Inheritance and genes Qu. Define dominant Ans. Ans. Different forms of the same gene. Inheritance and genes Qu. Inheritance and genes Qu. A hormone which controls your glucose levels in your blood. What is the last pair (23rd) chromosomes used for? Ans. Ans. What is glycogen? Ans. Inheritance and genes Qu. Mother = Bb Father = Bb Inheritance and genes Qu. How many pairs of chromosomes are there in total? Ans. A simple sugar Qu. In the nucleus. Ans.g. The last pair is the sex chromosomes. Inheritance and genes Qu. Inheritance and genes Qu. Inheritance and genes Qu. Both inherited . Inheritance and genes Qu. E. Two of the same genes. Define Allele. Define Co dominant. When a cell reproduces itself by splitting to form two identical offspring. Two different genes. What are the two letters associated with the female sex? Ans. Where are chromosomes found? Ans. XX Inheritance and genes Qu. Define Recessive. Ans. Inheritance and genes Qu. What is glucagon? Ans. Glycogen is a long chain of glucose which is insoluble and is stored in the liver. Inheritance and genes Qu. In each chromosome there are genes which code for the same characteristics. (XY or XX). Ans. XY Inheritance and genes Qu. The production of four haploid cells whose chromosomes are not identical.Qu. Define Homozygous. E. What is glucose? Ans. Define Heterozygous.g. Ans. Define Mitosis. What are the first 22 pairs of chromosomes for? Ans. What is the probability of offspring being male or female? Ans. Ans. The first 22 chromosomes are used for bodily characteristics. Define Meiosis. Ratio = 1:1 Inheritance and genes Qu. The characteristic that will show up in the offspring only if both of the alleles are inherited. The characteristic that will show up in the offspring even if only one of the alleles is inherited. What are the two letters associated with the male sex? Ans.

.alleles are dominant.

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