11.

0 New Features

Rigid Rigid Dynamic Dynamic Analysis Analysis in in Workbench Workbench

2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

11.0 New Features ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

Inventory #002382 1-1

ANSYS v11.0
Introduction
Training Manual

• Rigid Dynamic Analysis:
– Calculates dynamic response of an assembly of rigid bodies. – Can be used to study the kinematics of an assembly. – Bodies are linked via joints and springs.

2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

11.0 New Features ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

Inventory #002382 1-2

ANSYS v11.0
Rigid Dynamics
Training Manual

• Inputs and outputs are forces, moments, displacements, velocities and accelerations. • All parts are assumed rigid (no stress/strain). • Viscous damping is accounted for via spring definitions.

2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

11.0 New Features ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

Inventory #002382 1-3

ANSYS v11. • Parts are considered rigid so density is the only required material property. • To begin a rigid dynamic analysis parts must have their stiffness behavior flagged as rigid. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-4 .0 Rigid Dynamic Setup Training Manual • Solid geometry is used to define the model (no multibody parts). All rights reserved. 11. Inc.0 New Features ANSYS. 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Inc.

joint DOF are with respect to the joint’s reference coordinate system. All rights reserved. • Examples follow . Inc. . Joint Types • There are 9 available joint types in Simulation: • • • • • • • • • Fixed Joint Revolute Joint Cylindrical Joint Translational Joint Slot Joint Universal Joint Spherical Joint Planar Joint General Joint Training Manual • Remember. . Inc.ANSYS v11.0 New Features ANSYS. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-5 . 11. 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS.0 D.

Inc.0 Dynamics Joint Types Training Manual Spherical Revolute Cylindrical Planer Universal Translational Slot 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. All rights reserved. 11.0 New Features ANSYS. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-6 .ANSYS v11. Inc.

11. ROTX. ROTY Training Manual Fixed Free 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Inc. Inc. UY. All rights reserved.0 Joint Types • Revolute Joint: – Constrained DOF: UX.ANSYS v11. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-7 . UX.0 New Features ANSYS.

Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-8 . All rights reserved. Inc.0 Joint Types • Cylindrical Joint: – Constrained DOF: UX.ANSYS v11. UY. ROTX. ROTY Training Manual Fixed Free 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS.0 New Features ANSYS. Inc. 11.

All rights reserved.0 New Features ANSYS. 11. UZ. ROTY. Inc. ROTZ Training Manual Free Fixed 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS.0 Joint Types • Translational Joint: – Constrained DOF: UX. Inc. ROTX.ANSYS v11. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-9 .

0 Joint Types • Slot Joint: – Constrained DOF: UY. UZ Training Manual Free Fixed 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS.0 New Features ANSYS. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-10 . 11.ANSYS v11.

Inc. 11.0 New Features ANSYS. UY.ANSYS v11. Inc. All rights reserved.0 Joint Types • Universal Joint: – Constrained DOF: UX. UZ. ROTY Training Manual Free Fixed 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-11 .

UZ Training Manual Free Fixed 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Inc. UY. Inc.0 Joint Types • Spherical Joint: – Constrained DOF: UX. 11. All rights reserved.ANSYS v11.0 New Features ANSYS. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-12 .

Inc. ROTX.ANSYS v11. ROTY Free Training Manual Fixed 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. All rights reserved.0 Joint Types • Planar Joint: – Constrained DOF: UZ.0 New Features ANSYS. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-13 . 11. Inc.

Free All – General joints allow configurations not covered by the basic joints shown on the previous pages. – A free body must be linked to ground using a general BTG joint with “Free All” specified (recall that all bodies must be defined such that a path to ground exists via joints).ANSYS v11.0 Joint Types • Fixed Joint: – Constrained DOF: All Training Manual • General Joint: – Constrained DOF: Fixed All. 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Inc. Free X.0 New Features ANSYS. All rights reserved. Inc. Free Z. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-14 . Free Y. 11.

Inc. Inc.ANSYS v11. • In BTG a reference CS is used to locate the ground location.0 New Features ANSYS. 11. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-15 . Training Manual 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS.0 Springs • Springs can be added from the BTG or BTB menus. All rights reserved.

Training Manual • The “Analysis Setting” branch contains the controls for setting up the analysis: – – – – Number of steps Time step controls Output controls Solver tolerances • Note.ANSYS v11. 11. Inc.0 New Features ANSYS. 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Inc.0 Rigid Dynamic Solution Setup • From the “New Analysis” menu choose “Rigid Dynamic”. All rights reserved. additional steps are generally used when loads are applied or removed or when load histories undergo abrupt changes. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-16 .

• Once inserted each joint in the model is available via the drop down list in the joint condition details. No loads or supports are used as in flexible body analyses.0 New Features ANSYS. • Joint conditions are used to apply all other loads as constants or time varying using tabular or functional definitions.0 Rigid Dynamic Solution Setup Training Manual • For rigid dynamic analysis only inertial loads (acceleration and/or gravity) are used. 11. Inc. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-17 .ANSYS v11. All rights reserved. 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Inc.

11. • Once entered in Simulation the data can be saved to the ED application. • Tabular data can be input in the table in Simulation or in the Engineering Data application. tabular or as a function.ANSYS v11.0 New Features ANSYS. Inc. All rights reserved. Training Manual 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS.0 Joint Conditions • Joint conditions can be defined as constant. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-18 . Inc.

0 Joint Conditions • Functional joint conditions can be entered in the details or defined in the ED application. 11. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-19 . All rights reserved. Training Manual 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. • From the EDA choose to “Insert New Load History”. • Select the appropriate type and indicate the data is in the form of a function.ANSYS v11. Inc.0 New Features ANSYS. Inc.

Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-20 . 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Training Manual • The function is displayed in function and graphical formats. Inc. Inc.0 New Features ANSYS.0 Joint Conditions • Various mathematical functions and arithmetic operators can be used to construct functions using time as an independent variable. All rights reserved.ANSYS v11. 11. • Can type in functions or choose to insert them.

accelerations and various probe results. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-21 . Inc.ANSYS v11. 11. edges or points. velocities. • As with other analysis types results may be scoped to entire assemblies or to individual parts.0 New Features ANSYS. surfaces. 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. All rights reserved.0 Rigid Dynamic Postprocessing Training Manual • Results available from rigid dynamic analyses are deformations. Inc.

All rights reserved. 11. Training Manual 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-22 .0 Rigid Dynamic Postprocessing • Rigid dynamic results are graphical.ANSYS v11. Inc.0 New Features ANSYS. tabular or animations. Inc.

0 New Features ANSYS.0 Training Manual Rigid Dynamic Demonstration Body to Ground Fixed Body to Body Revolute Body to Body Translational Body to Body Revolute Body to Ground Revolute 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. 11.ANSYS v11. All rights reserved. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-23 . Inc. Inc.

ANSYS v11. Inc. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-24 . 11.0 Training Manual 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. All rights reserved. Inc.0 New Features ANSYS.

0 New Features ANSYS. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-25 . All rights reserved.11.0 New New Features Features Lecture Lecture Workbench Workbench Simulation Simulation Flexible Flexible Dynamic Dynamic Analysis Analysis 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Inc. Inc. 11.0 New Features 11.0 11.

Inc. and stresses and strains can be output. nonlinear materials can be included. Assembly shown here is from an Autodesk Inventor sample model 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. All rights reserved.ANSYS v11. For flexible bodies. Inc. the use of static structural analyses is not sufficient in determining the dynamic response of a system • Flexible dynamic analysis in Workbench Simulation 11. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-26 . bodies can be either rigid or flexible. 11.0 New Features ANSYS.0 Introduction Training Manual • If inertial effects are significant. – Flexible dynamic analysis is also known as time-history analysis or transient structural analysis.0 provides users with the ability to determine the dynamic response of the system under any type of time-varying loads. – Unlike rigid dynamic analyses.

Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-27 . 11.ANSYS v11. All rights reserved.0 New Features ANSYS.0 Dynamics From Rigid to Flexible Training Manual Step 1 .Add Flexible Dynamics Analysis to solution leg of tree 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Inc. Inc.

Inc. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-28 . 11.ANSYS v11.0 Dynamics From Rigid to Flexible Training Manual Step 2 .Change part definition from Rigid to Flexible 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. All rights reserved. Inc.0 New Features ANSYS.

Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-29 . 11.ANSYS v11.Preview Flexible Part Mesh 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS.0 New Features ANSYS.0 Dynamics From Rigid to Flexible Training Manual Step 3 . Inc. All rights reserved. Inc.

0 Dynamics From Rigid to Flexible Training Manual Step 4 . All rights reserved.Set Analysis Options for time step etc. and solve 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS.0 New Features ANSYS.ANSYS v11. Inc. Inc. 11. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-30 .

Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-31 . Inc. 11. This gives the user flexibility in the load definition. loads. any type of load or support can be applied • For rigid bodies. and joints may be deactivated or activated at any step simply by right-clicking on the Timeline. acceleration load and joint conditions are available • Multiple Steps are supported for load histories: – Similar to the static case. user can easily define multiple steps – As shown below. Inc.0 New Features ANSYS. All rights reserved.ANSYS v11. supports. 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS.0 Loads and Supports Training Manual • For flexible bodies.

the user can check/uncheck the columns to show what will be displayed in the Timeline – A “New Chart and Table” can also be added to create customized charts and tables for output purposes.ANSYS v11. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-32 .0 to include more results. Inc. From the Tabular Data view. 11. Inc.0 Postprocessing Probe Results Training Manual • The “Probe” tool has also been enhanced at 11. and Spring results – After a Probe result is added.0 New Features ANSYS. the Timeline and Tabular Data views show the values. Joint results. Reactions. including Energy. All rights reserved. 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS.

0 New Features ANSYS. Inc.ANSYS v11.0 Training Manual Flexible Dynamic Demonstration 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. 11. Inc. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-33 . All rights reserved.

0 Training Manual 2/23/2007 © 2007 ANSYS. Inc. Inc. Proprietary Inventory #002382 1-34 . All rights reserved.ANSYS v11. 11.0 New Features ANSYS.

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