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# Mathematics Form 4

ACTIVITY SHEET Pupils copy Lesson 93: Quadrants and Angles in the Unit Circle

Question 1. Complete all the answer boxes with the correct angles.

90o 0o 360o

180o

180o 270o

270o 360o

Question 2. For each of the following, state the quadrant the angle lies in: a) 88o Answer : b) 156o Answer : c) 320o Answer : d) 190o Answer :

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Question 3.

y M 1 L

N 1 P

The above diagram shows a unit circle with four points L, M, N and P on its circumference. Find the x coordinate, ycoordinate and the ratio of ycoordinate to x coordinate for each point. a) For point L, The x coordinate = The ycoordinates = The ratio =

## b) For point M, The x coordinate = The ycoordinate = The ratio =

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c) For point N, The x coordinate = The ycoordinate = The ratio =

## d) For point P, The x coordinate = The ycoordinate = The ratio =

Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET Teachers copy Lesson 93: Quadrants and Angles in the Unit Circle

Question 1. Complete all the answer boxes with the correct angles.

90o 180o

0o 90o 0o 360o

180o

180o 270o

270o 360o

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Question 3.

y M 1 L

N 1 P

The above diagram shows a unit circle with four points L, M, N and P on its circumference. Find the x coordinate, ycoordinate and the ratio of ycoordinate to x coordinate for each point. e) For point L, The x coordinate = 0.7 The ycoordinates = 0.7 The ratio = 1

f) For point M, The x coordinate = 0.4 The ycoordinate = 0.9 The ratio = 2.25

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g) For point N, The x coordinate = 0.8 The ycoordinate = 0.6 The ratio = 0.75

h) For point P, The x coordinate = 0.5 The ycoordinate = 0.85 The ratio = 1.7

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ACTIVITY SHEET Pupils Copy

## LESSON 94: Angle in Quadrant I

1. Based on the unit circle given, complete the table given by determining the values of sine, cosine and tangent of the following angles . Your answers should be rounded off to two decimal places .

y 2
1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2
50 20 70

C B 2

A 2

o
No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

0.2 0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

Trigonometrical ratios sin 20 sin 50 sin 70 cos 20 cos 50 cos 70 tan 20 tan 50 tan 70

Mathematics Form 4
2. From the answers above, make an inference about the values of sine, cosine and tangent as increases from 0 to 90, by completing the table below.

sine ? ( 0 to 90 )

cosine ? ( 0 to 90 )

tangent ? ( 0 to 90 )

Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET Teachers Copy

## LESSON 94: Angle in Quadrant I

1. Based on the unit circle given, complete the table given by determining the values of sine, cosine and tangent of the following angles . Your answers should be rounded off to two decimal places.

y 2
1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2
50 20 70

C 2 B 2

A 2

o
No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

0.2 0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

Trigonometrical ratios sin 20 sin 50 sin 70 cos 20 cos 50 cos 70 tan 20 tan 50 tan 70

Answer 0.34 0.77 0.94 0.94 0.64 0.35 0.36 1.20 2.69

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2. From the answers above, make an inference about the values of sine, cosine and tangent as increases from 0 to 90, by completing the table below. sine ? ( 0 to 90 )

The value of sin ? increases as ? increases from 0 to 90. The value of cos ? decreases as ? increases from 0 to 90.

cosine ? ( 0 to 90 )

tangent ? ( 0 to 90 )

## The value of tan ? increases as ? increases from 0 to 90.

Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET Pupils Copy

## LESSON 95: Angle in Quadrant II, III and IV

1. Based on the unit circle given, complete the following table by determining the values of sine, cosine and tangent for the stated angles. Your answers should be rounded off to two decimal places.

1 0.5

220

120

-1

0.5 0.5
310

0.5

B
-1

No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Trigonometrical Ratios sin 120 sin 220 sin 310 cos 120 cos 220 cos 310 tan 120 tan 220 tan 310

Mathematics Form 4
y
M(0.71, 0.71) 210 135

2.

O
N(0.87, y)

75

P(0.23, 0.97)

Based on the unit circle shown, determine the values of (a) sin 135 (b) tan 285 Answer: Answ er:

(c) cos 210 (d) cos 135 (e) y if tan 210 = 0.57

Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET Teachers Copy

## LESSON 95: Angle in Quadrant II, III and IV

1. Based on the unit circle given, complete the following table by determining the values of sine, cosine and tangent for the stated angles. Your answers should be rounded off to two decimal places.

1 0.5

220

120

-1

0.5 0.5
310

0.5

B
-1

No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Trigonometrical Ratios sin 120 sin 220 sin 310 cos 120 cos 220 cos 310 tan 120 tan 220 tan 310

Answer 0.87 or 0.86 0.64 or 0.65 0.77 or 0.76 0.5 0.77 or 0.76 0.64 or 0.65 1.73 or 1.74 0.84 or 0.83 1.19 or 1.2

Mathematics Form 4
y
M(0.71, 0.71) 210 135

2.

O
N(0.87, y)

75

P(0.23, 0.97)

Based on the unit circle shown, determine the values of (a) sin 135 (b) tan 285 Answer: sin 135 = 0.71 Answer: tan 285 =
0.97 0.23 = 4.22

(c) cos 210 (d) cos 135 (e) y if tan 210 = 0.57

y 0.87 y = tan 210 ( 0.87 ) = 0 .57 ( 0.87 ) = 0.5

Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET Pupils Copy LESSON 96: Values of Sine, Cosine and Tangent. 1 State the quadrant of each angle and the determine whether the value of each of the following is positive or negative. Angle 56 145 280 96 265 175 315 185 323 2 Quadrant Trigonometric ratio cos 56 sin 145 tan 280 cos 96 sin 265 sin 175 tan 315 tan 185 cos 323 Positive or Negative

## (e) 10 cos 60 6 sin 90 =

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Mathematics Form 4
(a) Given cos = 1 and 0 360, state the values of .

4.5 cm

9 cm

(b)
10 cm

x
10 cm

## (d) sin x = 0.5 and 0 x 180 .

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Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET Teachers Copy LESSON 96: Values of Sine, Cosine and Tangent. 1 State the quadrant of each angle and the determine whether the value of each of the following is positive or negative. Angle 56 145 280 96 265 175 315 185 323 2 Quadrant 1 2 4 2 3 2 4 3 4 Trigonometric ratio cos 56 sin 145 tan 280 cos 96 sin 265 sin 175 tan 315 tan 185 cos 323 Positive or Negative Positive Positive Negative Negative Negative Positive Negative Positive Positive

Calculate the value of each of the following: (a) 4 sin 30 3 cos 60 = 4(0.5) 3(0.5) = 2 1.5 = 0.5 (b) 6 tan 45 + 2 cos 180 = 6(1) + 2( 1) =62 =4 (c) 5 sin 270 7 cos 90 = 5( 1) 7(0) =5 0 =5 (d) 3 tan 180 + 9 cos 360 = 3(0) + 9(1) =0+9 =9 (e) 10 cos 60 6 sin 90 = 10(0.5) 6(1) = 5 6 =1

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Mathematics Form 4

(a) Given cos = 1 and 0 360, state the values of . If cos = 1 and 0 360, then = 0 or 360 .

(b) Given tan = 0 and 180 360, state the values of . If tan = 0 and 180 360 , then = 180 or 360 .

## Find the value of x in each of the following: (a) cos x = 4.5

9 =1 2

4.5 cm

9 cm

x = 60
(b) tan x = 10
10

10 cm

=1

x = 45
(c) cos x = 0 and 180 x 360. If cos x = 0, then x = 90 or 270 but since 180 x 360,

10 cm

x = 270
(d) sin x = 0.5 and 0 x 180 . If sin x = 0.5, then x = 30 or 150 .

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Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET Pupils copy Lesson 97: Relationships between the Values of Sine, Cosine and Tangent.

Question 1. Find the angle in quadrant I which corresponds to each of the following. a) 110o c) 144o b) 94o d) 168o

Solution:
y

O
x

## d) Angle in quadrant I which corresponds to 168 =

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Question 2. Find the angle in quadrant I which corresponds to each of the following. a) 220o c) 209o b) 186o d) 256o

Solution:
y

## d) Angle in quadrant I which corresponds to 256 =

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Question 3. Find the angle in quadrant I which corresponds to each of the following. a) 280o c) 309o b) 345o

Solution:
y

O

O

## c) Angle in quadrant I which corresponds to 309 =

O

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Question 4. Express the following in terms of trigonometrical functions of acute angles. a) tan 170o b) sin 133o c) cos 190o d) tan 340o e) sin 200o f) cos 120o Solution: a) tan 170o =

b) sin 133o =

c) cos 190o =

d) tan 340o =

e) sin 200o =

f) cos 120o =

Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET Teachers copy Lesson 97: Relationships between the Values of Sine, Cosine and Tangent.

Question 1. Find the angle in quadrant I which corresponds to each of the following. a) 110o c) 144o b) 94o d) 168o

Solution:
y

o

70

110

y 86 94

y 36 144

## d) Angle in quadrant I which corresponds to 168 = 180 168 = 12o

12

y 168

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Question 2. Find the angle in quadrant I which corresponds to each of the following. a) 220o c) 209o b) 186o d) 256o

Solution:
y

220 40

186 6

209 29

## d) Angle in quadrant I which corresponds to 256 = 256 180 = 76

76

256

O
y

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Question 3. Find the angle in quadrant I which corresponds to each of the following. a) 280o c) 309o b) 345o

Solution:
y

280
O

80

345
O

x 15

## c) Angle in quadrant I which corresponds to 309 = 360 309 = 51

309
O

51

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Question 4. Express the following in terms of trigonometrical functions of acute angles. a) tan 170o b) sin 133o c) cos 190o d) tan 340o e) sin 200o f) cos 120o Solution: a) tan 170o = tan ( 180o 170o ) = tan 10o b) sin 133o = sin ( 180o 133o ) = sin 47o c) cos 190o = cos ( 190o 180o ) = cos 10o d) tan 340o = tan ( 360o 340o ) = tan 20o e) sin 200o = sin ( 200o 180o ) = sin 20o f) cos 120o = cos ( 180o 120o ) = cos 60o

Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET
Pupils Copy Problems Solving on Sine, Cosine and Tangent.

Calculate each of the following values based on the table below: sin cos tan (a) tan 226 = 27 0.45 0.89 0.51 46 0.72 0.69 1.04 55 0.82 0.57 1.43 64 0.90 0.44 2.05

## (e) 3 tan 296 + 4 cos 125 =

(a) Given that cos = 0.1736 and 180 360, find the value of . Solution:

(b) Given that sin x = 0.4695 and 0 x 360, find the values of x. Solution:

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(c) Given that tan y = 1.9626 and 90 y 360 , find the values of y. Solution:

In the diagram, KLM is a straight line. Find the values of cos and . Solution: J 11 cm K 15 cm L M

In the diagram, EFG is a straight line. Find the values of z and tan z. Solution: G F z 18.2 cm E 7 cm D

Mathematics Form 4
P T Q 2.5 m S 5 R

The above diagram shows the plan of a garden. PQT is an isosceles triangle. Given that PQ = 2.25 m and QT = 3.6 m, calculate, (a) cos TPQ . (b) the perpendicular distance between P and the line S R. Solution: (a)

(b)

Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET Teachers Copy LESSON 98: Problems Solving on Sine, Cosine and Tangent.

Calculate each of the following values based on the table below: sin cos tan 27 0.45 0.89 0.51 46 0.72 0.69 1.04 55 0.82 0.57 1.43 64 0.90 0.44 2.05

(a) tan 226 = tan(226 180 ) = tan 46 = 1.04 (b) cos 116 = cos(180 116 ) = cos 64 = 0.44 (c) sin 305 = sin(360 305 ) = sin 55 = 0.82 (d) 2 cos 207 + 5 sin 116 = 2( cos(207 180 )) + 5 sin(180 116) = 2 cos 27 + 5 sin 64 = 2(0.89) + 5(0.90) = 2.72 (e) 3 tan 296 + 4 cos 125 = 3( tan(360 296 )) + 4( cos(180 125)) = 3 tan 64 4 cos 55 = 3(2.05) 4(0.57) = 8.43 2 (a) Given that cos = 0.1736 and 180 360, find the value of . Solution: cos = cos 80 = cos(180 + 80) = cos 260 Therefore, = 260 (b) Given that sin x = 0.4695 and 0 x 360, find the values of x. Solution: sin x = sin 28 or sin(180 28) = sin 28 or sin 152 Therefore, x = 28 or 152

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(c) Given that tan y = 1.9626 and 90 y 360 , find the values of y. Solution: tan y = tan(180 63) or tan(360 63 ) = tan 117 or tan 297 Therefore, y = 117 or 297 3 In the diagram, KLM is a straight line. Find the values of cos and .

## Solution: cos = cos(180 ) = JL = 11 15 = 180 42 50' = 137 10' J 11 cm K 15 cm L M

KL

In the diagram, EFG is a straight line. Find the values of z and tan z.

## Solution: tan z = tan(180 z ) = DE F z G

DF
7 EF 2 DE 2
7 18 .2 2 7 2
18.2 cm E 7 cm D

= = =

7 16.8

= 0.4167

z = 180 22 37'
= 157 23'

Mathematics Form 4
P T Q 2.5 m S 5 R

The above diagram shows the plan of a garden. PQT is an isosceles triangle. Given that PQ = 2.25 m and QT = 3.6 m, calculate, (a) cos TPQ . (b) the perpendicular distance between P and the line S R.

Solution:

## 1 QT 1 (a) sin TPQ = 2 2 PQ

1 3 .6 = 2 2.25
=

1.8 2.25

1 TPQ = 53.13 2
TPQ = 53.13 2 = 106.26 Therefore, cos TPQ = cos 106.26 = cos(18 0 106.26 ) = cos 73.74 = 0.2800

## (b) The height of PQT = =

1 PQ 2 ( QT ) 2 2

2 .25 2 1.8 2

= 1.35 m Therefore, the perpendicular distance between P and the line SR = 1.35 + 2.5 = 3.85 m

Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET Pupils Copy LESSON 99: Graphs of sine, cosine and tangent.

1. Based from the graph of sine given, complete the table of value below.

?
y=sin?

00

30 0

60 0

90 0

120 0

150 0

180 0

2100

2400

2700

3000

3300

360 0

0.87

-0.87

y 1.0

30
0

0.5

60
0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0

## 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 300 330 360

- 0.5 - 1.0

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2. Based from the table of value, draw the graph of cosine ? where 0 0 < ? < 3600

y 1.0 0.5 ?
90
0

## 120 150 180 2100 240 0 270 0 3000 330 0 360 0

- 0.5 - 1.0

?
y=cos?

00 1

30 0

60 0

90 0

1200

150 0

180 0

210 0 240 0

270 0

300 0

3300

3600

0.87

0.5

-0.5

- 0.87

-1

-0.87 - 0.5

0.5

0.87

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3. Based from the table of value given, dram the graph of tangent ? where 0 0 < ? < 360 0 ?
y=tan?

00 0

30 0 0.58

45 0 1

75 0 3.73

90 0 8

210 0 0.58

2250 1

2550 3.73

2700 8

## 3300 3600 -0.58 0

y 4 3 2 1 ? -1 -2 -3 -4
90
0

180

270

360

Mathematics Form 4

4. Complete the empty boxes with the properties of each graph given. y
1

Sin ?
1

Cos ?
4

Tan ?
?
900 1800 2700 3600

1800 -1

3600

?
-1

1800

3600

?
-4

## The graph of Tan ?

Mathematics Form 4

ACTIVITY SHEET Teachers Copy LESSON 99: Graphs of sine, cosine and tangent.

1. Based from the graph of sine given, complete the table of value below.

?
y=sin?

00

30 0

60 0

90 0

120 0

150 0

180 0

2100

2400

2700 -1

3000

3300

360 0

0.5

0.87

0.87

0.5

- 0.5

- 0.87

-0.87 - 0.5

y 1.0

30
0

0.5

60
0 0 0

## 90 120 150 180 210 0 2400 270 0 300 0 3300 360 0

- 0.5 - 1.0

Mathematics Form 4

2. Based from the table of value, draw the graph of cosine ? where 0 0 < ? < 3600

y 1.0 0.5

90
0 0 0 0 0 0

120 150 180 210 240 270 300 330 360
0 0 0 0

- 0.5 - 1.0

00 1 30 0 60 0 90 0 1200 150 0

?
y=cos?

180 0

0 210 0 240

270 0

300 0

3300

3600

0.87

0.5

-0.5

- 0.87

-1

-0.87 - 0.5

0.5

0.87

Mathematics Form 4

4. Based from the table of value given, dram the graph of tangent ? where 0 0 < ? < 360 0 ?
y=tan?

00 0

30 0 0.58

45 0 1

75 0 3.73

90 0 8

210 0 0.58

2250 1

2550 3.73

2700 8

## 3300 3600 -0.58 0

y 4

3 2 1

90
0

180
0

270
0

?
0

-1 -2 -3 -4

360

Mathematics Form 4

4. Complete the empty boxes with the properties of each graph given. y
1

Sin ?
1

Cos ?
4

Tan ?
?
900 1800 2700 3600

180 -1

360

?
-1

180

360

?
-4

## The graph of sin ?

Increasing when 00 < ? < 900 and 2700 < ? < 3600 Decreasing when 900 < ? < 2700 Maximum point = ( 900, 1 ) Minimum point = ( 2700 , -1 ) Sin ? = 0 when ? = 00 , 1800, 3600 The graph of sin ? repeat itself at 3600 interval

## The graph of cos ?

Increasing when 180 < ? < 3600 Decreasing when 00 < ? < 1800 Maximum point = ( 00, 1 ) and ( 3600, 1 ) Minimum point = ( 1800 , -1 ) Cos ? = 0 when ? = 900 , 2700 The graph of cos ? repeat itself at 360 0 interval
0

## The graph of Tan ?

Increasing when 00 < ? < 900 and 900 < ? < 2700 Decreasing at none of the intervals Tan ? is undefined when? = 900 and 2700 Tan ? are equal to zero when ? = 00, 1800 and 3600 There are no minimum or maximum points on the graph dotted line drawn through these value of ? are called asymtotes.

Mathematics Form 4
ACTIVITY SHEET Pupils Copy LESSON 99: Graphs of sine, cosine and tangent.

1. Based from the graph of sine given, complete the table of value below.

?
y=sin?

00

30 0

60 0

90 0

120 0

150 0

180 0

2100

2400

2700

3000

3300

360 0

0.87

-0.87

y 1.0

30
0

0.5

60
0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0

## 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 300 330 360

- 0.5 - 1.0

Mathematics Form 4

2. Based from the table of value, draw the graph of cosine ? where 0 0 < ? < 3600

y 1.0 0.5 ?
90
0

## 120 150 180 2100 240 0 270 0 3000 330 0 360 0

- 0.5 - 1.0

?
y=cos?

00 1

30 0

60 0

90 0

1200

150 0

180 0

210 0 240 0

270 0

300 0

3300

3600

0.87

0.5

-0.5

- 0.87

-1

-0.87 - 0.5

0.5

0.87

Mathematics Form 4

3. Based from the table of value given, dram the graph of tangent ? where 0 0 < ? < 360 0 ?
y=tan?

00 0

30 0 0.58

45 0 1

75 0 3.73

90 0 8

210 0 0.58

2250 1

2550 3.73

2700 8

## 3300 3600 -0.58 0

y 4 3 2 1 ? -1 -2 -3 -4
90
0

180

270

360

Mathematics Form 4

4. Complete the empty boxes with the properties of each graph given. y
1

Sin ?
1

Cos ?
4

Tan ?
?
900 1800 2700 3600

1800 -1

3600

?
-1

1800

3600

?
-4

## The graph of Tan ?

Mathematics Form 4

ACTIVITY SHEET Teachers Copy LESSON 99: Graphs of sine, cosine and tangent.

1. Based from the graph of sine given, complete the table of value below.

?
y=sin?

00

30 0

60 0

90 0

120 0

150 0

180 0

2100

2400

2700 -1

3000

3300

360 0

0.5

0.87

0.87

0.5

- 0.5

- 0.87

-0.87 - 0.5

y 1.0

30
0

0.5

60
0 0 0

## 90 120 150 180 210 0 2400 270 0 300 0 3300 360 0

- 0.5 - 1.0

Mathematics Form 4

2. Based from the table of value, draw the graph of cosine ? where 0 0 < ? < 3600

y 1.0 0.5

90
0 0 0 0 0 0

120 150 180 210 240 270 300 330 360
0 0 0 0

- 0.5 - 1.0

00 1 30 0 60 0 90 0 1200 150 0

?
y=cos?

180 0

0 210 0 240

270 0

300 0

3300

3600

0.87

0.5

-0.5

- 0.87

-1

-0.87 - 0.5

0.5

0.87

Mathematics Form 4

4. Based from the table of value given, dram the graph of tangent ? where 0 0 < ? < 360 0 ?
y=tan?

00 0

30 0 0.58

45 0 1

75 0 3.73

90 0 8

210 0 0.58

2250 1

2550 3.73

2700 8

## 3300 3600 -0.58 0

y 4

3 2 1

90
0

180
0

270
0

?
0

-1 -2 -3 -4

360

Mathematics Form 4

4. Complete the empty boxes with the properties of each graph given. y
1

Sin ?
1

Cos ?
4

Tan ?
?
900 1800 2700 3600

180 -1

360

?
-1

180

360

?
-4

## The graph of sin ?

Increasing when 00 < ? < 900 and 2700 < ? < 3600 Decreasing when 900 < ? < 2700 Maximum point = ( 900, 1 ) Minimum point = ( 2700 , -1 ) Sin ? = 0 when ? = 00 , 1800, 3600 The graph of sin ? repeat itself at 3600 interval

## The graph of cos ?

Increasing when 180 < ? < 3600 Decreasing when 00 < ? < 1800 Maximum point = ( 00, 1 ) and ( 3600, 1 ) Minimum point = ( 1800 , -1 ) Cos ? = 0 when ? = 900 , 2700 The graph of cos ? repeat itself at 360 0 interval
0

## The graph of Tan ?

Increasing when 00 < ? < 900 and 900 < ? < 2700 Decreasing at none of the intervals Tan ? is undefined when? = 900 and 2700 Tan ? are equal to zero when ? = 00, 1800 and 3600 There are no minimum or maximum points on the graph dotted line drawn through these value of ? are called asymtotes.