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Case Against the Carbon Tax Geo-Engineering NBN, Technocracy & Socialism

Case Against the Carbon Tax Geo-Engineering NBN, Technocracy & Socialism

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Published by Carl Cord
These documents are the compilation of key articles from 2011 to 2013 regarding the strategy and agenda behind the Carbon Tax, the NBN Co and the revived American Technocracy. Also included are the linkages to Geoengineering, weather engineering and the United Nations' Agenda 21
These documents are the compilation of key articles from 2011 to 2013 regarding the strategy and agenda behind the Carbon Tax, the NBN Co and the revived American Technocracy. Also included are the linkages to Geoengineering, weather engineering and the United Nations' Agenda 21

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The Revolt against the Carbon Tax, Revolt against the NBN, Agenda 21 Exposed

Findings 2010‐ 2013
  Compiled internet articles, various authors and commentary by editor 

   

  “The Carbon Tax is a comprehensive system of social, political and economic destruction, part of Rio  Declaration’s Agenda 21 and global transformation of society.” 
 

 

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CHILLING THE PLANET AND CLIMATE: Stratospheric sulfate aerosols (geoengineering)
Stratospheric sulfate aerosols (geoengineering) The ability of stratospheric sulfate aerosols to create a global dimming effect has made them a possible candidate for use in geoengineering projects[1] to limit the effect and impact of climate change due to rising levels of greenhouse gases.[2] Delivery of precursor sulfide gases such as sulfuric acid,[3] hydrogen sulfide (H2S) or sulfur dioxide (SO2) by artillery, aircraft[4] and balloons has been proposed.[5] Tom Wigley calculated the impact of injecting sulfate particles, or aerosols, every one to four years into the stratosphere in amounts equal to those lofted by the volcanic eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1991,[6] but did not address the many technical and political challenges involved in potential geoengineering efforts.[7] If found to be economically, environmentally and technologically viable, such injections could provide a "grace period" of up to 20 years before major cutbacks in greenhouse gas emissions would be required, he concludes. Direct delivery of precursors is proposed by Paul Crutzen.[4] This would typically be achieved using sulfide gases such as dimethyl sulfide, sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbonyl sulfide, or hydrogen sulfide (H2S).[5] These compounds would be delivered using artillery, aircraft (such as the high‐flying F‐15C)[4] or balloons, and result in the formation of compounds with the sulfate anion SO42‐.[5] According to estimates by the Council on Foreign Relations, "one kilogram of well placed sulfur in the stratosphere would roughly offset the warming effect of several hundred thousand kilograms of carbon dioxide."[8] Contents o o o o o o o o o o o 1 Aerosol formation 2Arguments for the technique 3 Efficacy problems 4 Possible side effects 5 Delivery methods 6 Material options 7 Injection regime 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links Aerosol formation Primary aerosol formation, also known as homogeneous aerosol formation results when gaseous SO2 combines with water to form aqueous sulfuric acid (H2SO4). This acidic liquid solution is in the form of a vapor and condenses onto particles of solid matter, either meteoritic in origin or from dust carried from the surface to the stratosphere. Secondary or heterogeneous aerosol formation occurs when H2SO4 vapor condenses onto existing aerosol particles. Existing aerosol particles or droplets also run into each other, creating larger particles or droplets in a process known as coagulation. Warmer atmospheric temperatures also lead to larger particles. These larger particles would be less effective at scattering sunlight because the peak light scattering is achieved by particles with a diameter of 0.3 μm.[9]

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Arguments for the technique –The arguments in favour of this approach are:

Natural process:[10] Stratospheric sulfur aerosols are created by existing atmospheric processes  (especially volcanoes), the behaviour of which has been studied observationally.[11] This contrasts  with other, more speculative geoengineering schemes which do not have natural analogs (e.g. space  sunshade).  Speed of action:[12] Solar radiation management works quickly, in contrast to carbon sequestration  projects such as carbon dioxide air capture which would take longer to have an effect, as the latter  relies on removing large amounts of carbon dioxide before they become effective;[6] however, gaps  in understanding of these processes exist (e.g. the effect on stratospheric climate and on rainfall  patterns)[13] and further research is needed.[14]  Technological feasibility: In contrast to other geoengineering schemes, such as space sunshade, the  technology required is pre‐existing: chemical manufacturing, artillery shells, fighter aircraft, weather  balloons, etc.[5]  Cost: The low‐tech nature of this approach has led commentators to suggest it will cost less than  many other interventions. Costs cannot be derived in a wholly objective fashion, as pricing can only  be roughly estimated at an early stage. However, an assessment reported in New Scientist suggests  it would be cheap relative to cutting emissions.[15] According to Paul Crutzen annual cost of enough  stratospheric sulfur injections to counteract effects of doubling CO2 concentrations would be $25– 50 billion a year.[2] This is over 100 times cheaper than producing the same temperature change by  reducing CO2 emissions.[16]  Efficacy: Most geoengineering schemes can only provide a limited intervention in the climate—one  cannot reduce the temperature by more than a certain amount with each technique. New research  by Lenton and Vaughan suggests that this technique may have a high radiative 'forcing  potential'.[17]  Tipping points: Application of this technique may prevent climate tipping elements, such as the loss  of the Arctic summer sea ice, Arctic methane hydrate release, loss of the Greenland ice sheet[18] 

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Efficacy problems    All geoengineering schemes have potential efficacy problems, due to the difficulty of modelling their  impact and the inherently complex nature of the global climate system. Nevertheless, certain  efficacy issues are specific to the use of this particular technique.   Lifespan of aerosols: Tropospheric sulfur aerosols are short lived.[19] Delivery of particles into the  lower stratosphere in the arctic will typically ensure that they remain aloft only for a few weeks or  months, as air in this region is predominantly descending.[20] To ensure endurance, higher‐altitude  delivery is needed, ensuring a typical endurance of several years by enabling injection into the rising  leg of the Brewer‐Dobson circulation above the tropical tropopause. Further, sizing of particles is  crucial to their endurance.[21]   Aerosol delivery:Even discounting the challenges of lifting, there are still significant challenges in  designing a delivery system that is capable of delivering the precursor gases in the right manner to  encourage effective aerosol formation. For example, it is unclear whether aerial shells should be  designed to leak slowly or burst suddenly. The size of aerosol particles is also crucial, and efforts  must be made to ensure optimal delivery.[21][22]   Distribution: It is logistically difficult to deliver aerosols evenly around the globe. Challenges  therefore exist in creating a network of delivery points sufficient to allow viable geoengineering from  a limited number of launching sites.   Possible side effects      Geoengineering in general is a controversial technique, and carries problems and risks, such as  weaponisation.[citation needed] However, certain problems are specific to, or more pronounced  with this particular technique.[23]   Drought, particularly monsoon failure in Asia and Africa is a major risk.[24]  Ozone depletion is a potential side effect of sulfur aerosols;[25][26] and these concerns have been  supported by modelling.[27]  Tarnishing of the sky: Aerosols will noticeably affect the appearance of the sky, resulting in a  potential "whitening" effect, and altered sunsets.[28]  Tropopause warming and the humidification of the stratosphere.[26]  Effect on clouds: Cloud formation may be affected, notably cirrus clouds and polar stratospheric  clouds.  Effect on ecosystems: The diffusion of sunlight may affect plant growth.[29][30][31] but more  importantly increase the rate of ocean acidification by the deposition of hydrogen ions from the  acidic rain[32] 

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  Effect on solar energy: Incident sunlight will be lower,[33] which may affect solar power systems  both directly and disproportionately, especially in the case that such systems rely on direct  radiation.[34]  Deposition effects: Although predicted to be insignificant,[35] there is nevertheless a risk of direct  environmental damage from falling particles.  Uneven effects: Aerosols are reflective, making them more effective during the day. Greenhouse  gases block outbound radiation at all times of day.[36]  Stratospheric temperature change: Aerosols can also absorb some radiation from the Sun, the Earth  and the surrounding atmosphere. This changes the surrounding air temperature and could  potentially impact on the stratospheric circulation, which in turn may impact the surface  circulation.[37]     Further, the delivery methods may cause significant problems, notably climate change[38] and  possible ozone depletion[39] in the case of aircraft, and litter in the case of untethered balloons.     Delivery methods    Various techniques have been proposed for delivering the aerosol precursor gases (H2S and SO2).[2]  The required altitude to enter the stratosphere is the height of the tropopause, which varies from  11 km (6.8 miles/36,000 feet) at the poles to 17 km (11 miles/58,000 feet) at the equator.   Aircraft such as the F15‐C variant of the F‐15 Eagle have the necessary flight ceiling, but limited  payload. Military tanker aircraft such as the KC‐135 Stratotanker and KC‐10 Extender also have the  necessary ceiling and have greater payload.[4]  Modified Artillery might have the necessary capability,[40] but requires a polluting and expensive  gunpowder charge to loft the payload.  High‐altitude balloons can be used to lift precursor gases, in tanks, bladders or in the balloons'  envelope. Balloons can also be used to lift pipes and hoses, but no moored balloon has ever been  deployed to the necessary altitude.[citation needed]     Material options    Precursor gases such as sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide have been considered. Use of gaseous  sulfuric acid appears to reduce the problem of aerosol growth.[3]     Injection regime  

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   The latitude and distribution of injection loci has been discussed by various authors. Whilst a near‐ equatorial injection regime will allow particles to enter the rising leg of the Brewer‐Dobson  circulation, several studies have concluded that a broader, and higher‐latitude, injection regime will  reduce injection mass flow rates and/or yield climatic benefits.[41][42] Concentration of precursor  injection in a single longitude appears to be beneficial, with condensation onto existing particles  reduced, giving better control of the size distribution of aerosols resulting.[43] 
See also Page 7 of 102  Weather Modification Operations and Research Board o http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stratospheric_sulfate_aerosols_%28geoengineering%

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"SNOWY MOUNTAINS CLOUD SEEDING TRIAL AMENDMENT BILL 2012, AKA Geo‐engineering, commonly AKA "Chemtrails"
"SNOWY MOUNTAINS CLOUD SEEDING TRIAL AMENDMENT BILL 2012 Second Reading The Hon. DUNCAN GAY (Minister for Roads and Ports) [1.00 p.m.]: I move: That this bill be now read a second time. I seek leave to have the second reading speech incorporated in Hansard. Leave granted. The Snowy Mountains Cloud Seeding Trial Amendment Bill 2012 authorises Snowy Hydro Limited to undertake full cloud seeding operations targeting the Snowy water catchment. This follows eight years of the cloud seeding trial, known as the Snowy Precipitation Enhancement Research Project. The aim of the research project was to increase snowfall from clouds passing over the target area in the Snowy Mountains, to assess the effectiveness and reliability of precipitation enhancement technology in the region and to identify any adverse environmental impacts. 15764 LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL 17 October 2012 The trial research project has shown a statistically significant 14 per cent average increase in snow under suitable operating conditions. Furthermore, two separate independent peer reviews support this conclusion, with the Natural Resources Commission report stating: Cloud seeding has increased snowfall in the overall target area under defined weather and operating conditions. Professor Gary Jones, the Natural Resources Commission peer reviewer, has stated publicly that the project has shown: Statistically robust and defensible evidence that cloud‐seeding has increased precipitation in an area of the Snowy Mountains, Australia. Statistically significant increases of 9 per cent to 14 per cent snowfall have been documented. It is important to note that the integrity of the research project is supported by the Natural Resources Commission which in 2010 stated that the research project: ... is of high scientific standard and the evaluation plan is statistically sound. After extensive review, environmental monitoring and analysis over eight years, no evidence of negative environmental impacts caused by the seeding agent silver iodide and the tracer agent indium sesquioxide has been found. The Natural Resources Commission report, which supports this conclusion, states that there is: No evidence that cloud seeding operations have had adverse environmental impacts. In addition, the Natural Resources Commission independent reviewer publicly stated that there are: No negative environmental or downstream effects detected.

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In the interests of transparency, I should note that the Natural Resources Commission supports the continuation of the trial until the ultimate fate of the seeding chemicals is better understood. I am pleased that Snowy Hydro Limited has responded to this with the commencement of an independent environmental fate study in 2010. The study, which will take three years to complete, is being undertaken by the University of Queensland as part of a formal doctorate [PhD] research program, with results to be reported in the scientific literature. An environmental fate investigation does not require cloud seeding to be undertaken as a randomised trial and as such it will not impede a move to an operational program. I further advise that the Cloud Seeding Environmental Management Plan and the Minister's suspension powers will separately provide robust ongoing environmental protection measures. Based on the evidence that I have outlined there is no environmental justification precluding the move to full operation. I will now go into detail about the key elements of the Snowy Mountains Cloud Seeding Trial Amendment Bill 2012. The bill amends the Act to include more stringent reporting requirements. Currently, the relevant Ministers, the Minister for Environment and Heritage and the Minister for Planning and Infrastructure, have discretion to require information on cloud seeding operations, which includes the preparation and implementation of an environmental management plan. The bill amends the Act to include a statutory requirement for Snowy Hydro Limited to prepare and comply with an environmental management plan approved by the relevant Ministers. The requirements of the plan would be imposed by the relevant Ministers. On submitting a plan to the Ministers for approval, Snowy Hydro Limited may also be required to provide an independent scientific assessment of the cloud seeding operations to the extent that they differ from the operations currently authorised. It is intended that the plan will, firstly, incorporate a process to identify and address potential adverse environmental impacts, in particular, with respect to types of operations that differ from the trial or use seeding and tracer agents not used in the trial. Secondly, the plan will include a process for monitoring and identifying any impacts of cloud seeding operations on the environment. Thirdly, the plan will include a public review and approval process that must be undertaken prior to any aerial cloud seeding operations or changes to seeding and tracer agents commencing. Lastly, the plan will include a dispute resolution process for the resolution of issues between Snowy Hydro Limited, the community, relevant Ministers and New South Wales government agencies. In addition, under the amendments in this bill, Snowy Hydro Limited will be required to prepare and submit to the relevant Ministers and the Environment Protection Authority an annual report detailing its compliance with the requirements of the approved environmental management plan and research and monitoring of the impact of tracer and seeding agents on the environment. The bill further provides for the removal of the overall supervision role of the Natural Resources Commission. This is because the purpose of the Act will no longer be to support cloud seeding of a trial nature. 17 October 2012 LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL 15765 The separation of the New South Wales Environment Protection Authority and the Office of Environment and Heritage establishes a stand‐alone environmental regulatory authority.

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The NSW Environment Protection Authority is therefore most suited to independently monitor the ongoing compliance of cloud seeding operations under the approved environmental management plan. In addition to reviewing the annual reports submitted by Snowy Hydro Limited, the bill authorises the New South Wales Environment Protection Authority to conduct its own review of the cloud seeding operations carried out by Snowy Hydro Limited. It should be noted that it is not the Government's intention that the New South Wales Environment Protection Authority review the fundamental premise of the cloud seeding operations. The intention is to ensure that the operations are carried out in accordance with the Act. The second key element of the bill is to increase the primary target area for increased precipitation from cloud seeding to the whole of the Snowy water catchment as defined in the Snowy Hydro Corporatisation Act 1997. This is an area of 5,117 square kilometres, slightly more than double the trial area of 2,250 square kilometres. This will align the target area for cloud seeding operations with the entire area of operation of Snowy Hydro Limited. By expanding the target area, Snowy Hydro Limited will be in a position to produce more precipitation, which can be used to create electricity and potentially increase the amount of water available for release for agricultural and environmental use. The third key element of the Snowy Mountains Cloud Seeding Trial Amendment Bill 2012 is to make amendments to provide for aerial delivery of seeding and tracer agents, a method that was not included in the trial. Aerial delivery will enable more efficient and targeted delivery of the seeding and tracer agents. It also will minimise the requirement for any new infrastructure for ground‐based delivery systems. I am advised that it is not anticipated that aerial delivery of these agents would have any greater environmental impact than ground‐based systems. This is because agents will be delivered at a greater altitude over a broader area and are unlikely to result in localised impacts. As the trial did not identify any concentration or accumulation effects from ground‐based seeding, it is unlikely that the more dispersed aerial seeding will have any such effects. Nevertheless, I advise that, as a precautionary measure, the monitoring of such impacts would be included in any approved environmental management plan. Any shift to aerial seeding would be considered additional to existing operations and its appropriateness would need to be assessed and approved by the relevant Ministers who may also require a public review process to occur. Further to aerial delivery of agents, the bill also makes amendments to the timing of the discharge of seeding agents. The Act requires that the discharge of the seeding agent must be at a time when increased precipitation in the target area is likely to fall as snow. There are no constraints on the elevation at which this should occur. I can advise that 1,400 metres is regarded as the elevation above which precipitation will generally fall as snow within the alpine ski resorts.

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Ensuring the discharge of seeding agents occurs during periods when increased precipitation within the Snowy water catchment is likely to fall as snow above 1,400 metres will minimise the undesirable outcome of such precipitation falling as rain within these resorts. The next amendment under the bill provides for the use of seeding and tracer agents other than the presently allowed silver iodide as a seeding agent and indium sesquioxide as a control tracer. This is because future advances in technology may lead to the development of alternatives that are not only as environmentally friendly as the existing agents but also more effective or less costly. This amendment will allow Snowy Hydro Limited to take advantage of technological advances while the Government retains the safeguard of ultimate control of the use of any new agents. The approved environmental management plan would monitor the impacts of silver iodide and indium sesquioxide, as well as any new agents. The existing ban on the use of land‐based generators within the Jagungal wilderness area is retained and the bill goes further by amending the Act to ban the use of any land‐based generators within any wilderness area and the construction or establishment of any new facilities for cloud seeding operations within wilderness areas. I advise that infrastructure already established by Snowy Hydro Limited in declared wilderness areas will be retained. 15766 LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL 17 October 2012 Finally, the bill amends the Act to provide for the inclusion of a mechanism for the National Parks and Wildlife Service to recover costs incurred by the service in connection with cloud seeding operations. Under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 the National Parks and Wildlife Service is permitted to issue licences. It is through this process that it can require the payment of fees to cover the costs it incurs in administering cloud seeding operations. However, as it stands, the Snowy Mountains Cloud Seeding Trial Act 2004 provides for the operation of cloud seeding activities, despite any other New South Wales legislation or planning instrument. Therefore, the National Parks and Wildlife Service is unable to enforce the licence provisions of the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 for cloud seeding operations. If this amendment is not made to the Act it would preclude the payment of a licensing fee by Snowy Hydro Limited. The National Parks and Wildlife Service receives licensing or leasing fees for the operation of other commercial activities within Kosciuszko National Park. This includes mobile telecommunication towers, alpine accommodation and Snowy Hydro Limited infrastructure. The Government considers it appropriate that Snowy Hydro Limited be required to pay costs incurred by the National Parks and Wildlife Service. As one can see from the key amendments in the bill I have outlined, it presents an opportunity that will yield substantial benefits to the Snowy Mountains region, rural irrigators, local businesses and the environment. With the expansion of the target area, there is potential to more than double the amount of extra precipitation produced than was the case under the trial.

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Additional water stored in the Snowy scheme will increase certainty of releases for irrigators. Increased precipitation through cloud seeding will partially offset the impact of any future drought conditions for New South Wales irrigators in the Murray and Murrumbidgee valleys. Increased snowfall benefits tourism operators and communities in the Snowy Mountains. Improved snow depth and a longer ski season are both expected outcomes from moving to full operation of cloud seeding activities. As the member for Monaro often tells me, many businesses in the region depend on good and regular snowfall to provide for a good ski season. With alpine recreation making a significant contribution to the regional economy, maintaining good snowfall will assist the area to continue to provide substantial benefit to the overall State economy. Increased snowfall will also provide potential environmental benefits to a number of species in the Snowy alpine regions. For example, the mountain pigmy possum, the endangered northern and southern corroboree frog, the alpine tree frog, the broad‐toothed rat and the alpine herb fields are all vulnerable to shallow or declining snowfall. Moving to an operation program will therefore assist to avert adverse effects of future reduction in snowfall in the alpine region of New South Wales. It is important to note that cloud seeding not only provides snow for skiers and water for irrigators but also assists the National Parks and Wildlife Service in the area and the riverine environment of the Snowy and Murray rivers. Another benefit of moving to full operation of cloud seeding activities is the environmental benefit that is provided by increasing the capability of Snowy Hydro to produce clean, renewable energy. Snowy Hydro estimates that the additional water resulting from moving to full operation will be an increase on the trial by about 50 per cent or about 20 gigalitres per year. The additional water will allow Snowy Hydro Limited to produce more hydro‐electricity. The additional amount of hydro‐electricity is estimated at 36 gigawatts hours per annum which, if produced by a New South Wales coal plant, would emit the equivalent of over 28,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions annually and burn more than 12,000 tonnes of black coal. It is clear that there are multiple benefits provided by increasing precipitation in the Snowy Mountains region. These include additional water for regional communities, increased green energy through hydro‐electric production, more consistent energy production, more water for irrigators and the environment, greater flexibility in water use, more snow for the alpine environment, enhancement of skiing opportunities and increased business for local businesses. 17 October 2012 LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL 15767 The Snowy Mountains community also has expressed satisfaction and confidence in the operational procedures implemented to minimise risks of impact on the environment. The Snowy Mountains ski industry, Snowy River shire and Cooma‐Monaro shire councils, the New South Wales Irrigators Council, tourist industry groups and local businesses have all voiced their support for cloud seeding to move to an operational program.

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There have been very few letters of concern and those few were all from individuals. Those concerns have been responded to either by the Government or Snowy Hydro Limited, which has contacted individuals directly. Concerns about negative downwind rainfall impacts were directly investigated by Snowy Hydro Limited in its 2009 report. It concluded that there was no indication of any seeding impacts on downwind rainfall. It was also concluded that rainfall downwind of the trial occurs under very different conditions from those favourable for cloud seeding. The Natural Resources Commission agreed with the assessment of Snowy Hydro Limited and further noted that other independent research suggests no impact is associated with cloud seeding as far as the east coast. The preparation of the bill has been carried out in consultation with the Department of Premier and Cabinet, the Office of Environment and Heritage, including the Environment Protection Authority, the Department of Planning and Infrastructure and Snowy Hydro Limited. The move to a full operational cloud seeding program will lead to increased snowfalls and inflows to storages in the Snowy Mountains, generating further significant public and environmental benefit. I commend the bill to the House. [The President left the chair at 1.01 p.m. The House resumed at 2.30 p.m.]" http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/hanstrans.nsf/V3ByKey/LC20121017/$File/551LC 116%20%5B171012%5D.pdf

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The Coming Carbon Tax Bubble..
This article relates the expected effect of the Carbon Tax on the Australian economy. The article anticipates the formation of a Carbon Bubble from the activities of the certain investment bankers, in our case super funds and banks involved in the system of carbon credit trade. These entities involved, are in the Investor Group for Climate Change (IGCC). Which has lobbied to bring the Carbon Tax into government legislation. http://www.igcc.org.au/who_are_we Some critics argue about the Four Pillars Policy as a barometer of the future health; however it does not account for the potential negative effect seen in the European Union, corruption and speculation on the value of Carbon‐based derivatives. See further reporting by Friends of the Earth, which argues that the Carbon Tax is the precursor to another GFC. http://www.foe.org/subprime‐carbon‐testimony The effects of a Carbon Bubble bursting will have detrimental effects as replicated in the Mortgage‐backed securities in the US, the asset may differ but the concept is the same. You can see the video and transcript from 4 Corners by ABC (Australia) on the Carbon War. http://www.abc.net.au/4corners/stories/2011/09/15/3318364.htm# * * * Obama's Cap and Trade Carbon Emissions Bill ‐ A Stealth Scheme to License Pollution and Fraud by Stephen Lendman

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Global Research, July 10, 2009
On May 15, HR 2454: American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (ACESA) was introduced in the House purportedly "To create clean energy jobs, achieve energy independence, reduce global warming pollution and transition to a clean energy economy." In fact, it's to let corporate polluters reap huge windfall profits by charging consumers more for energy and fuel as well as create a new bubble through carbon trading derivatives speculation. It does nothing to address environmental issues, yet on June 26 the House narrowly passed (229 ‐ 212) and sent it to the Senate to be debated and voted on. More on that below. On March 31, Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Henry Waxman and Energy and Environment Subcommittee Chairman Edward Markey released a "discussion draft" of the proposed legislation and falsely claimed: ‐‐ it's "a comprehensive approach to America's energy policy that charts a new course towards a clean energy economy;" it will ‐‐ create millions of clean energy jobs....that can't be shipped overseas; ‐‐ put America on the path to energy independence; ‐‐ reduce our dependence on foreign oil; ‐‐ save money by the billions; ‐‐ unleash energy investment by the trillions; ‐‐ cut global warming pollution; ‐‐ strengthen our economy;" and

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‐‐ make "America the world leader in new clean energy and energy efficiency technologies." Strong‐arm pressure, threats and bribes got the bill through the House. Forty‐four Democrats opposed it. Eight Republicans backed it. Over 1200 pages long, few if any lawmakers read it. After passage, Chairman Markey said: "It's been an incredible six months to go from a point where no one believed we could pass this legislation to a point now where we can begin to say that we are going to send President Obama to Copenhagen in December as the leader of the world on climate change." Speaker Pelosi praised the bill as "transformational legislation which takes us into the future" and added that after passage she took congratulatory calls from Obama, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid and Al Gore. The former vice‐president has long‐standing ties to Goldman Sachs (GS), and in 2004 he and David Blood, CEO of GS's asset management division until 2003, co‐founded Generation Investment Management LLC, a firm likely to profit greatly from cap and trade schemes. In a prepared June 25 statement ahead of the House vote, Obama said: "Right now, the House of Representatives is moving toward a vote of historic proportions on a piece of legislation that will open the door to a new, clean energy economy." After citing the same false claims as Waxman and Markey, he called the legislation "balanced and sensible" and "urge(d) every member of Congress ‐ Democrats and Republicans ‐ to come together and support" it. Polluters love it. So does Wall Street and corporate‐friendly environmental groups like the Environmental Defense Fund. The opposition, however, includes Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth and Public Citizen. In a joint May 13 press release, they were "extremely troubled (about) compromises to the already flawed American Clean Energy & Security Act." It contains enough loopholes to make its claimed performance standards worthless, one of which prohibits the EPA from using the Clean Air Act to regulate future greenhouse gas emissions. That alone

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means they'll proliferate beyond what new technology reduces on its own, and only then if it's profitable to do it. On June 23, Friends of the Earth president Brent Blackwelder said: "Corporate polluters including Shell and Duke Energy helped write this bill, and the result is that we're left with legislation that fails to come anywhere close to solving the climate crisis. Worse, the bill eliminates preexisting EPA authority to address global warming ‐ that means it's actually a step backward." A June 25 Greenpeace press release stated: "As it comes to the floor, the Waxman‐Markey bill sets emission reduction targets far lower than science demands, then undermines even those targets with massive offsets. The giveaways and preferences in the bill will actually spur a new generation of nuclear and coal‐fired power plants to the detriment of real energy solutions." On June 27, Public Citizen (PC) called the bill "a new legal right to pollute (that) gives away 85 percent of (its) credits to polluters. (It) will not solve our climate crisis but will enrich already powerful oil, coal and nuclear power companies." PC wants polluters to cut their emissions 80% below 1990 levels by 2050 and pay for credits, not get them free. It also cited the American Wind Energy Association saying that the renewable standard will deliver "effectively zero" new ones. PC wants consumers protected, not charged a "carbon tax....The bill doesn't, but should, provide money to help homeowners pay for such things as weatherization or to receive rebates for rooftop solar." Its main "consumer protection provision distributes free pollution allowances to electric and natural gas utilities (on the assumption) that the 50 different state utility commissions will redirect all that money back to consumers." In fact, HR 2454 is a thinly‐veiled scheme to let companies profit from polluted air, in part financed by a consumer "carbon tax." Big Coal gets a waiver until 2025. Agribusiness is exempt altogether even though it's responsible for up to one‐fourth of greenhouse gas emissions. The nuclear industry will benefit hugely from the free allowances provision. A leaked memo had Exelon, the nation's largest nuclear power company, bragging that it will reap a $1 ‐ $1.5 billion annual windfall. Overall, carbon trading is a scam, first promoted in the 1980s under Reagan. Clinton made it a key provision of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. He signed it in 1998, but it was never ratified. As of February 2009, 183 nations did both, but independent scientists call it "miserable failure" needing to be scrapped and replaced by a meaningful alternative.

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ACESA is about profits, not environmental remediation. Its emissions reduction targets are so weak, they effectively license pollution by creating a new profit center to do it. The Next Bubble Wall Street also will reap a huge bonanza through carbon trading derivatives speculation exploiting what Commodity Futures Trading commissioner Bart Chilton believes will be a $2 trillion market ‐ "the biggest of any (commodities) derivatives product in the next five years." Others see a future annual market potential of up to $10 trillion based on these schemes: ‐‐ government‐issued cap and trading carbon allowance permits to let polluters emit a designated amount of greenhouse gases; those exceeding the limit can buy rights for more from companies below their limit; ‐‐ carbon offsets that let companies emit excess greenhouse gases provided they invest in projects purportedly cutting them elsewhere, either domestically or abroad; they can also fulfill their obligation by stretching out investments for up to 40 years ‐ far enough ahead to avoid them altogether; and ‐‐ besides trading allowances and offsets, polluters and Wall Street can play the derivatives game, including with futures contracts for a designated number of allowances at an agreed on price for a specified date. According to Robert Shapiro, former Undersecretary of Commerce in the Clinton administration: "We are on the verge of creating a new trillion dollar market (through) financial assets that will be securitized, derivatized, and speculated by Wall Street like the mortgage‐backed securities market" and all others that inflated bubbles that burst. If cap and trade becomes law, this market will explode so Wall Street is pressuring senators to pass it. According to the Center of Public Integrity (CPI), around "880 total businesses and groups....reported they were seeking to influence climate change policy" as addressed in HR 2454. Representing 770 of them are "an estimated 2340 lobbyists," a 300% increase in the past five years, or more than "four climate lobbyists for every member of Congress." In 2003, Wall Street employed none on climate issues. CPI says it now has 130 representing the usual players like Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan Chase, Citigroup and others, and why so is simple ‐ to create a huge new revenue stream to make up for ones lost with perhaps others in the wings, thus far not revealed. Waxman ‐ Markey delivered splendidly, setting the stage for another bubble if HR 2454 becomes law with huge pressure now on senators to assure it.

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Warning: Cap and Trade Bubble Ahead
On July 1, Catherine Austin Fitts' Solari.com blog headlined "The Next Really Scary Bubble" in stating: "If you think the housing and credit bubble diminished your financial security and your community, or the bailouts, or the rising gas prices did as well, hold on to your hat" for what's coming. "Carbon trading is gearing up to make the housing and derivative bubbles look like target practice." She quoted Rep. Geoff Davis calling it "a scam," Rep. Devin Nunes saying it's a "massive transfer of wealth" from the public to polluters and Wall Street, Rep. James Sensenbrenner stating "Carbon markets can and will be manipulated using the same Wall Street sleights of hand that brought us the financial crisis," and Dennis Kuchinich citing "The best description to date (to) be found in Matt Taibbi's....'The Great American Bubble Machine: From tech stocks to high gas prices, Goldman Sachs (GS) has engineered every major market manipulation since the Great Depression ‐ and they are about to do it again.' " Taibbi calls GS the "world's most powerful investment bank....a great vampire squid wrapped around the face of humanity, relentlessly jamming its blood funnel into anything that smells like money." It operates by positioning itself "in the middle of (every) speculative bubble, selling investments they know are crap." They control Washington and profit by extracting "vast sums from the middle and lower floors of society with the aid of a crippled and corrupt state that (lets it) rewrite the rules in exchange for the relative pennies (it)throws (back as) political patronage." When inflated bubbles burst "leaving millions of ordinary (people) broke and starving, they begin the entire process over again (inflating new bubbles and) lending us back our own money at interest...." They've been at this since the 1920s and are "preparing to do it again (with) what may be the biggest and most audacious bubble yet" ‐ a new cap and trade derivatives scam written into HR 2454 with GS positioned to profit most from it. Taibbi calls its market edge a position of "supreme privilege (and) explicit advantage" ahead of all others on the Street. Contributing $4,452,585 to Democrats in 2008 (around $1 million to Obama) was mere pocket change for what it can reap from scams like cap and trade disguised as an environmental plan. The scheme was devised. GS helped write it. The House passed it and sent it to the Senate. Unless stopped, it will transfer more of our wealth to corporate polluters and Wall Street on top of all they've stolen so far from derivatives fraud and the imploded housing and other bubbles. And Goldman will lead the way finding new ways to do it until there's nothing left to extract.

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Stephen Lendman is a Research Associate of the Centre for Research on Globalization. He lives in Chicago and can be reached at lendmanstephen@sbcglobal.net. Also visit his blog site at sjlendman.blogspot.com and listen to The Global Research News Hour on RepubicBroadcasting.org Monday ‐ Friday at 10AM US Central time for cutting‐edge discussions with distinguished guests on world and national issues. All programs are archived for easy listening. http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=14148 Stephen Lendman is a frequent contributor to Global Research. Global Research Articles by Stephen Lendman Source accessed 26 October 2011 http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=14297

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Bill Gates backs climate scientists lobbying for large‐scale geoengineering
The following article relates the investment by Bill Gates (Microsoft) in climate change technologies, in regards to Geo‐engineering to change the planetary climate. The activities of Bill Gates and his foundation called the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation raised a number of serious questions as to the real agenda behind global warming and its purported solutions. We understand global warming exists as a natural phenomenon, this has been misrepresented by the Scientific Establishment as a threat and an array of solutions have been put foward to solve it. There is the general indication that cooling the planet is in fact an effort to reduce the light incidence on plant life and lower average temperatures. The possibility of a new Ice Age raises its head. A by‐product of a new Ice Age is the reduction of plant life and thus food production to support a global population of 7 billion people. Plant life relies on sunlight for photosynthesis, co‐factor levels of CO2 in the atmosphere (Carbon Capture, remove CO2 from use, deprive plants from its food source) and global temperatures to slow down photosynthesis. An Ice Age can induce exctinctions as it changes the ecosystem's plant life. However this requires a massive mega project to alter it. Could this be the reason for cooling down the planet in this vast effort to change the planet's climate Bill Gates and the satellite organisations around the UN, Club of Rome? See here for more for an Ice Age and its characteristics. Causes of Ice Ages http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_Age#Causes_of_ice_ages Plant Photosynthesis, light‐dependent reactions http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photosynthesis#Light_reactions Revolt Against The Carbon Tax Sydney 7 February 2012 * * *

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Bill Gates backs climate scientists lobbying for large‐scale geoengineering Other wealthy individuals have also funded a series of reports into the future use of technologies to geoengineer the climate • What is geo‐engineering? • Scientists criticise handling of geoengineering pilot project o o John Vidal, environment editior The Guardian, Monday 6 February 2012 A small group of leading climate scientists, financially supported by billionaires including Bill Gates, are lobbying governments and international bodies to back experiments into manipulating the climate on a global scale to avoid catastrophic climate change. The scientists, who advocate geoengineering methods such as spraying millions of tonnes of reflective particles of sulphur dioxide 30 miles above earth, argue that a "plan B" for climate change will be needed if the UN and politicians cannot agree to making the necessary cuts in greenhouse gases, and say the US government and others should pay for a major programme of international research. Solar geoengineering techniques are highly controversial: while some climate scientists believe they may prove a quick and relatively cheap way to slow global warming, others fear that when conducted in the upper atmosphere, they could irrevocably alter rainfall patterns and interfere with the earth's climate. Geoengineering is opposed by many environmentalists, who say the technology could undermine efforts to reduce emissions, and by developing countries who fear it could be used as a weapon or by rich countries to their advantage. In 2010, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity declared a moratorium on experiments in the sea and space, except for small‐scale scientific studies. Concern is now growing that the small but influential group of scientists, and their backers, may have a disproportionate effect on major decisions about geoengineering research and policy.

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"We will need to protect ourselves from vested interests [and] be sure that choices are not influenced by parties who might make significant amounts of money through a choice to modify climate, especially using proprietary intellectual property," said Jane Long, director at large for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the US, in a paper delivered to a recent geoengineering conference on ethics. "The stakes are very high and scientists are not the best people to deal with the social, ethical or political issues that geoengineering raises," said Doug Parr, chief scientist at Greenpeace. "The idea that a self‐selected group should have so much influence is bizarre." Pressure to find a quick technological fix to climate change is growing as politicians fail to reach an agreement to significantly reduce emissions. In 2009‐2010, the US government received requests for over $2bn(£1.2bn) of grants for geoengineering research, but spent around $100m. As well as Gates, other wealthy individuals including Sir Richard Branson, tar sands magnate Murray Edwards and the co‐founder of Skype, Niklas Zennström, have funded a series of official reports into future use of the technology. Branson, who has frequently called for geoengineering to combat climate change, helped fund the Royal Society's inquiry into solar radiation management last year through his Carbon War Room charity. It is not known how much he contributed. Professors David Keith, of Harvard University, and Ken Caldeira of Stanford, are the world's two leading advocates of major research into geoengineering the upper atmosphere to provide earth with a reflective shield. They have so far received over $4.6m from Gates to run the Fund for Innovative Climate and Energy Research (Ficer). Nearly half Ficer's money, which comes directly from Gates's personal funds, has so far been used for their own research, but the rest is disbursed by them to fund the work of other advocates of large‐scale interventions.

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According to statements of financial interests, Keith receives an undisclosed sum from Bill Gates each year, and is the president and majority owner of the geoengineering company Carbon Engineering, in which both Gates and Edwards have major stakes – believed to be together worth over $10m. Another Edwards company, Canadian Natural Resources, has plans to spend $25bn to turn the bitumen‐ bearing sand found in northern Alberta into barrels of crude oil. Caldeira says he receives $375,000 a year from Gates, holds a carbon capture patent and works for Intellectual Ventures, a private geoegineering research company part‐owned by Gates and run by Nathan Myhrvold, former head of technology at Microsoft. According to the latest Ficer accounts, the two scientists have so far given $300,000 of Gates money to part‐fund three prominent reviews and assessments of geoengineering – the UK Royal Society report on Solar Radiation Management, the US Taskforce on Geoengineering and a 2009 report by Novin a science thinktank based in Santa Barbara, California. Keith and Caldeira either sat on the panels that produced the reports or contributed evidence. All three reports strongly recommended more research into solar radiation management. The fund also gave $600,000 to Phil Rasch, chief climate scientist for the Pacific Northwest national laboratory, one of 10 research institutions funded by the US energy department. Rasch gave evidence at the first Royal Society report on geoengineering 2009 and was a panel member on the 2011 report. He has testified to the US Congress about the need for government funding of large‐scale geoengineering and, according to a financial statement he gave the Royal Society, also works for Intellectual Ventures. In addition, Caldeira and Keith gave a further $240,000 to geoengineering advocates to travel and attend workshops and meetings and $100,000 to Jay Apt, a prominent advocate of geoengineering as a last resort, and professor of engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. Apt worked with Keith and Aurora Flight Sciences, a US company that develops drone aircraft technology for the US military, to study the costs of sending 1m tonnes of sulphate particles into the upper atmosphere a year.

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Analysis of the eight major national and international inquiries into geoengineering over the past three years shows that Keith and Caldeira, Rasch and Prof Granger Morgan the head of department of engineering and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University where Keith works, have sat on seven panels, including one set up by the UN. Three other strong advocates of solar radiation geoengineering, including Rasch, have sat on national inquiries part‐funded by Ficer. "There are clear conflicts of interest between many of the people involved in the debate," said Diana Bronson, a researcher with Montreal‐based geoengineering watchdog ETC. "What is really worrying is that the same small group working on high‐risk technologies that will geoengineer the planet is also trying to engineer the discussion around international rules and regulations. We cannot put the fox in charge of the chicken coop." "The eco‐clique are lobbying for a huge injection of public funds into geoengineering research. They dominate virtually every inquiry into geoengineering. They are present in almost all of the expert deliberations. They have been the leading advisers to parliamentary and congressional inquiries and their views will, in all likelihood, dominate the deliberations of the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as it grapples for the first time with the scientific and ethical tangle that is climate engineering," said Clive Hamilton, professor of Public Ethics at the Australian National University, in a Guardian blog. The scientists involved reject this notion. "Even the perception that [a small group of people has] illegitimate influence [is] very unhealthy for a technology which has extreme power over the world. The concerns that a small group [is] dominating the debate are legitimate, but things are not as they were," said Keith. "It's changing as countries like India and China become involved. The era when my voice or that of a few was dominant is over. We need a very broad debate." "Every scientist has some conflict of interest, because we would all like to see more resources going to study things that we find interesting," said Caldeira. "Do I have too much influence? I feel like I have too little. I have been calling for making CO2 emissions illegal for many years, but no one is listening to me. People who disagree with me might feel I have too much influence. The best way to reduce my influence

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is to have more public research funds available, so that our funds are in the noise. If the federal government played the role it should in this area, there would be no need for money from Gates. "Regarding my own patents, I have repeatedly stated that if any patent that I am on is ever used for the purposes of altering climate, then any proceeds that accrue to me for this use will be donated to nonprofit NGOs and charities. I have no expectation or interest in developing a personal revenue stream based upon the use of these patents for climate modification.". Rasch added: "I don't feel there is any conflict of interest. I don't lobby, work with patents or intellectual property, do classified research or work with for‐profit companies. The research I do on geoengineering involves computer model.s http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2012/feb/06/bill‐gates‐climate‐scientists‐ geoengineering?newsfeed=true Other links http://www.carbonwarroom.com/ http://keith.seas.harvard.edu/FICER.html

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Copenhagen's Hidden Agenda: The Multibillion Trade in Carbon Derivatives Architect of Credit Default Swaps behind the Development of "Carbon Derivatives"
Copenhagen's Hidden Agenda: The Multibillion Trade in Carbon Derivatives Architect of Credit Default Swaps behind the Development of "Carbon Derivatives" by Washington's Blog Global Research, December 8, 2009 And I have pointed out that (1) the giant banks will make a killing on carbon trading, (2) while the leading scientist crusading against global warming says it won't work, and (3) there is a very high probability of massive fraud and insider trading in the carbon trading markets. Now, Bloomberg notes that the carbon trading scheme will be centered around derivatives: The banks are preparing to do with carbon what they’ve done before: design and market derivatives contracts that will help client companies hedge their price risk over the long term. They’re also ready to sell carbon‐related financial products to outside investors. [Blythe] Masters says banks must be allowed to lead the way if a mandatory carbon‐trading system is going to help save the planet at the lowest possible cost. And derivatives related to carbon must be part of the mix, she says. Derivatives are securities whose value is derived from the value of an underlying commodity ‐‐ in this case, CO2 and other greenhouse gases... Who is Blythe Masters? She is the JP Morgan employee who invented credit default swaps, and is now heading JPM's carbon trading efforts. As Bloomberg notes (this and all remaining quotes are from the above‐linked Bloomberg article): Masters, 40, oversees the New York bank’s environmental businesses as the firm’s global head of commodities... As a young London banker in the early 1990s, Masters was part of JPMorgan’s team developing ideas for transferring risk to third parties. She went on to manage credit risk for JPMorgan’s investment bank. Among the credit derivatives that grew from the bank’s early efforts was the credit‐default swap. Some in congress are fighting against carbon derivatives: “People are going to be cutting up carbon futures, and we’ll be in trouble,” says Maria Cantwell, a Democratic senator from Washington state. “You can’t stay ahead of the next tool they’re going to create.” Cantwell, 51, proposed in November that U.S. state governments be given the right to ban unregulated financial products. “The derivatives market has done so much damage to our economy and is nothing more than a very‐high‐stakes casino ‐‐ except that casinos have to abide by regulations,” she wrote in a press release...

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However, Congress may cave in to industry pressure to let carbon derivatives trade over‐the‐counter: The House cap‐and‐trade bill bans OTC derivatives, requiring that all carbon trading be done on exchanges...The bankers say such a ban would be a mistake...The banks and companies may get their way on carbon derivatives in separate legislation now being worked out in Congress... Financial experts are also opposed to cap and trade: Even George Soros, the billionaire hedge fund operator, says money managers would find ways to manipulate cap‐and‐trade markets. “The system can be gamed,” Soros, 79, remarked at a London School of Economics seminar in July. “That’s why financial types like me like it ‐‐ because there are financial opportunities”... Hedge fund manager Michael Masters, founder of Masters Capital Management LLC, based in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands [and unrelated to Blythe Masters] says speculators will end up controlling U.S. carbon prices, and their participation could trigger the same type of boom‐and‐bust cycles that have buffeted other commodities... The hedge fund manager says that banks will attempt to inflate the carbon market by recruiting investors from hedge funds and pension funds. “Wall Street is going to sell it as an investment product to people that have nothing to do with carbon,” he says. “Then suddenly investment managers are dominating the asset class, and nothing is related to actual supply and demand. We have seen this movie before.” Indeed, as I have previously pointed out, many environmentalists are opposed to cap and trade as well. For example: Michelle Chan, a senior policy analyst in San Francisco for Friends of the Earth, isn’t convinced. “Should we really create a new $2 trillion market when we haven’t yet finished the job of revamping and testing new financial regulation?” she asks. Chan says that, given their recent history, the banks’ ability to turn climate change into a new commodities market should be curbed... “What we have just been woken up to in the credit crisis ‐‐ to a jarring and shocking degree ‐‐ is what happens in the real world,” she says... Friends of the Earth’s Chan is working hard to prevent the banks from adding carbon to their repertoire. She titled a March FOE report “Subprime Carbon?” In testimony on Capitol Hill, she warned, “Wall Street won’t just be brokering in plain carbon derivatives ‐‐ they’ll get creative.” Yes, they'll get "creative", and we have seen this movie before ...an inadequately‐regulated carbon derivatives boom will destabilize the economy and lead to another crash. Washington's Blog is a frequent contributor to Global Research. Global Research Articles by Washington's Blog http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=16449

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CLIMATE CHANGE BONDS 10 POINT CASE
CLIMATE CHANGE BONDS 10 POINT CASE http://climatebonds.net CLIMATE CHANGE BONDS A 10 CASE FOR CLIMATE BONDS, MARKET AND SPECULATORY BUBBLE The 10‐point case (Climate Bonds Initiative launched at Copenhagen Climate Conference. Check out the Media Release) The solution paths and barriers are largely understood 1. Climate change is an extraordinary challenge facing the world community, fuelled by a mix of continuing increases in anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and environmental feedback loops that threaten uncontrollable change. 2. The solution paths are largely understood: a rapid global shift from emission‐producing to clean‐ energy generation; energy efficiency measures to buy time until that shift can be completed; and sequestering carbon through agriculture, forestry and other measures. A recent International Energy Authority report estimated that US$10.5 trillion will be required in the coming two decades[1] to fund the transition to a low‐carbon economy, at a pace rapid enough to head off run‐away climate change. A major report issued by WWF corroborated that figure. That would only require an investment equivalent to 1.5 % a year of the world’s institutional investment fund assets, every year for just 10 years. 3. There are three central aspects of the problem: Urgency – the critical constraint on avoiding a 2°C warming will be the time taken to develop and deploy the industries of the low‐carbon economy. The Catch 22 of low‐carbon industrial development – many zero and low‐emission commodities are currently low‐volume and therefore high‐cost. They will naturally increase in volume and decrease in cost – even to the point of being cheaper than fossil fuels (as has already occurred with solar hot water, biomass and wind power in several countries). But the urgency means that this process has to be short‐ circuited so that high volumes are developed and deployed even at high cost, with an accelerated transition to low cost occurring as a result. Developing countries are where the climate challenge will be won or lost, but the deployment of high‐cost, low‐carbon solutions represents a potentially unreasonable opportunity cost compared to short‐term poverty eradication, and a competitive disadvantage to third‐party funders. Climate Bonds can fund the transition to a low‐carbon economy

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4. The urgent need for deployment can be addressed by mechanisms that: (a) develop a suite of critical low‐carbon industries in parallel, (b) establish annual growth rates for low‐carbon industries that average 25% per year until 20% of resource capacities harnessed and (c) are in place and growing in key jurisdictions by 2014. 5. The volumes of investment required are large – more than $10 trillion at up to $1 trillion per year. Bonds allow us to borrow against future economic benefits to allow for the investment needed now to deliver those benefits. The global bond market reached a level of $83 trillion in 2008, according to IFSL Research[2]. Climate bonds could be issued each year up to a level of $0.5 trillion for 20 years and still not exhaust the capacity of the global market. The past 200 years have seen numerous successful national initiatives to build infrastructure to meet environmental or social challenges: the vast sewer construction projects of the 19th and early 20th centuries that removed the spectre of cholera in Europe; the building of national energy grids to power the 20th century’s economic booms; the building of hospitals as the foundation of modern health systems. Much of this effort was financed by the issuing of bonds – long‐term debt repayable at pre‐agreed rates, guaranteed by governments. Short‐term price support for renewable energy technologies to achieve economies of scale will result in long term cost savings. Climate bonds are infrastructure bonds tailored specifically for financing climate solutions. Climate bonds, tied to specific climate change mitigation or adaptation investments, allow governments to raise capital, or support the private sector in raising capital to: o o o Build renewable energy generation and its enabling infrastructure. Widely implement energy efficiency measures in cities and industries. Support adaptation measures that will boost the economic development of communities in the face of climate change. There is more than enough private capital in the world to fund the necessary transition. o The capacity of government to directly fund the transition to a low‐carbon economy from current revenues (taxation) is limited. But, with some US$120 trillion of institutional funds under management plus retail investor and corporate funds, adequate capital resources exist. The scale of investment required will demand a constructive partnership with long‐term investors, who manage the larger bulk of the world’s deployable capital. This can be seen as a new partnership between private capital and governments. 6. Institutional investors will invest in long‐term Climate Bonds given adequate and secure returns.

o

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Pension funds, for example, understand the importance of supporting the shift to a low‐carbon economy. But they also have to ensure secure returns for their members. Long‐term bonds are well suited to both the financing of long‐payback energy projects and to providing pension funds with security of returns over the longer term. For investors, Climate Bonds will simply be investments in new Fixed‐interest opportunities, packaged to be more attractive than many existing options. Given the scale of likely offerings, they can be expected to become a new asset class. Because Climate Bonds will be novel, and because of the large scale of issuing required, government contingency guarantees or political risk insurance will be essential. While capital may be available, the challenge is in constructing opportunities for that capital that will allow investors to meet their obligations while funding the essential low‐energy transformation. 7. The trajectory of renewable energy generation costs is downward, and has been for the past 20 years. Generation costs will continue to decline, eventually being lower than fossil‐fuel energy costs, particularly if aided by the economies of scale of large‐scale developments. Volume will drive price competitiveness with fossil fuel generation. Bonds can be used to borrow against longer‐term cost reductions and pay for the scale of investment required in the immediate future. 8. Investibility will be enhanced by using accelerated economies of scale to bring forward cost savings from declining renewable energy prices or from reduced energy consumption, then capturing the difference between business‐as‐usual costs (i.e. fossil‐fuel‐based electricity costs) and converting those savings into long‐term revenue streams used to repay investors. The investibility of specific initiatives will depend on delivering secure, long‐term returns at competitive levels of risk, rather than on values arguments. Investibility for long‐term investors will also involve the aggregation of individual low‐carbon economy initiatives into larger scale opportunities for investment. It will require a close engagement between government, investors and industry. The investments required to address climate change can be profitable – for investors, for companies involved, and for national economies stimulated by capital spending and clean‐energy innovation. Climate Bonds can help keep the planet inhabitable for billions of humans while funding our pensions. 9. The transition to a low‐carbon economy presents capital with what is likely to become the largest commercial opportunity of our time: investing in clean energy and low‐carbon infrastructure. 10. Achieving the scale and speed of development needed will require an active enabling role on the part of governments, at all levels.

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The low‐carbon industry segments that need to grow to avoid tipping points and models their individual contributions. The upward limit of average, global growth rates for the various industry segments is 30%; on that basis we have to see all (not just a few) low carbon industry segments growing at maximum rates by about 2014 to avoid 2 degrees. The sooner rapid growth starts the shallower the trajectory needs to be. The diagram is from the WWF Climate Solutions II report. [1] Climate Solutions II: Low Carbon Re‐Industrialisation, A Report to WWF International. Prepared September 2009 by Climate Risk Ltd. See www.climaterisk.net. [2] International Financial Services London 2008. REFERENCE Climate Bonds – A proposal, the 10 point case http://climatebonds.net/proposals/the‐10‐point‐case/

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 Gillard's Basics Card is Carbon Card is Energy Card Media Release: Norfolk Island to trial world first Personal Carbon Trading program ‐ 27/10/2010 Southern Cross University is set to lead a project testing the world’s first Personal Carbon Trading program conducted in a ‘closed system’ island environment on Norfolk Island commencing early next year. This follows the announcement this week of a Linkage Projects grant by the Australian Research Council valued at $390,000. Leading chief investigator Professor Garry Egger, a Professor of Lifestyle Medicine and Applied Health Promotion at Southern Cross University, said the main goals of the project were to test the effectiveness of a Personal Carbon Trading scheme over a three year period; reduce per capita carbon emissions and reduce obesity and obesity related behaviours. “The funding is fantastic, not just from my own or the teams point of view but the fact that the Australian Research Council recognises the importance of bringing together the whole aspect of climate change and health and this is the first project of its kind in the world to do that,” said Professor Egger. “This is a project for looking at reducing climate change and obesity in the one hit. It is recognising that both obesity and climate change have similar drivers so we are tackling two of the world’s biggest problems at the moment with the one project with a system that is quite unique. “The idea of a Personal Carbon Trading scheme was first developed in England at Oxford University but they had not been able to develop a successful methodology for testing the idea. That’s where myself, and Australian project team, have been able to move the idea forward by identifying Norfolk Island as a great location to test the scheme. “The reason it is so suitable is you have an isolated community with a small population living a similar lifestyle to people on mainland Australia. So now we have an island that it is 1700km off the mainland, it is fully self‐contained and you can measure everything that goes in and out. Plus, the really good thing about it is the Norfolk Island Government and the community are delighted about the idea. “The way the system will work is basically it will involve giving everyone on the island a carbon card, like a credit or debit card, and they will get carbon units on that card. Then every time they go and pay for their petrol or their power ‐ and from the second year their food ‐ it will not only be paid for in money but it will also come off the carbon units that they are given for free at the start of the program.

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“If they’re frugal and don’t buy a lot of petrol or power or fatty foods, then they can actually have units to spare at the end of a set time period so that they can cash those in at the bank and make money from them. “If they aren’t frugal and they are very wasteful and they produce a lot of carbon and consume unhealthy foods then every year they will have to buy extra units. Also over time ‐ as we target lower carbon emissions and increasing health goals ‐ the number of carbon units they are given will go down and therefore the price for the individual will go up to sustain that lifestyle they are not prepared to forego. “The island receives around 30,000 tourists or visitors each year and they will also be included in the project. When they get to the island they will be given a carbon card with a certain number of units depending on how long their stay is. They will be able to recover the money that is left on their cards if they are frugal with it or they will have to pay extra if they go over. It’s quite fun because they can actually make a bit of money while they are out there if they do the right thing. “The project will be run over a three‐year period and in that time‐frame we will have an indication of whether the Personal Carbon Trading system will work. Another big question that we need to answer will be ‘is it acceptable to the public’? We will know in that time whether the people on the island think it is a good idea or not. “Then we can take it to the Australian Government and say, look, these people tested it and they do or don’t think it is a good idea. If they have problems then hopefully we can sort those problems out. If they are in favour of it then it would justify scaling it up to a country level and ultimately to a world level. “We don’t have a lot of time on this, obesity is rising rapidly. In Australia we have two‐thirds of males and over half of all females who are either overweight or obese. Also, the amount of carbon in the atmosphere is way up at about 380 parts per million from 250 parts per million just 50 years ago and it is rising at about 2 parts per million every year. “The general feeling is that once it gets to 450 parts per million then it is ‘shut the gate’ because that is the threshold level beyond which it is going to be difficult to reverse things.” The Norfolk Island Government were partners in the Australian Research Council submission and The Hon Andre Nobbs MLA, Minister for Tourism Industry and Development, said he was delighted the project had been given the go ahead. “The good thing that Norfolk Island has going for it is the population has strong ideals and beliefs about the environment. We are a remote island community so in terms of how everyone would grab hold of this at an operational level, that is where Norfolk shines.” Mr Nobbs said.

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“As far as tourism is concerned I think it will be another welcome experience for people arriving on Norfolk Island. Most tourists already know we are pretty genuine about our quality of life here and in this day and age, to arrive and be given a card that is going to map their carbon usage while they are on holiday, I think will be seen as a very proactive step. We are excited to be part of another innovative pilot scheme with positive outcomes for the environment.” The project has in principle agreement with Southern Cross University, the University of South Australia and Deakin University for collaboration on research and evaluation. There is also an in principal agreement with the Legislative Assembly of Norfolk Island and ’Sustainable Norfolk‘, a voluntary non‐ profit association dedicated to achieving sustainability on Norfolk Island. The principal researchers of the Norfolk island Carbon/Health Evaluation study trialling a Personal carbon Trading program are: leading chief investigator, Professor Garry Egger, a Professor of Lifestyle Medicine and Applied Health Promotion at Southern Cross University; chief investigator, Professor Boyd Swinburn, Alfred Deakin Professor and director of the World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre for Obesity Prevention at Deakin University; chief investigator, Professor Robyn McDermott is a public health physician and professor of Public Health at the University of South Australia; and Professor Kerin O’Dea, director of the Sansom Institute for Health Research at the University of South Australia. Photo: Leading chief investigator for the Personal Carbon Trading program, Professor Garry Egger. Media contact: Jane Munro, Southern Cross University media officer, 02 6620 3508, 0429 661 349. For further information, please contact: Communications and Publications Southern Cross University PO Box 157 • Lismore NSW 2480 • Australia T +61 2 6659 3006 or +61 2 6620 3144 • e scumedia@scu.edu.au • w www.scu.edu.au/scunews http://www.scu.edu.au/news/media.php?item_id=1641&action=show_item&type=M

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 World Bank planned to be collection agency for CO2 tax You heard the news last year on Gillard and the ALP cutting the tax revenue to fund the UN's "development" programs and foreign aid, this news only confirms the actual purpose of the Carbon Tax to decapitalise and plunder Australians without representative government and taxation. A government without legitimacy is a tyranny in its very definition. It is only held by the ritual salute to authority. http://info‐wars.org/2012/05/31/bilderberg‐puts‐finishing‐touches‐to‐carbon‐tax‐agenda/ * * * Bilderberg Puts Finishing Touches To Carbon Tax Agenda By infowarsireland on May 31, 2012 in Featured, Globalists, International World Bank planned to be collection agency for CO2 tax Paul Joseph Watson Prison Planet.com Thursday, May 31, 2012 The Bilderberg Group plans to put the finishing touches to a global carbon tax agenda that is already in full swing, according to our inside sources, with the threat of endangered species set to replace man‐made global warming as the main vehicle through which the elite’s post‐industrial revolution is accomplished. Alex Jones’ source inside Bilderberg has told him that the secretive cabal still plans to use the World Bank as the collection agency for a global CO2 tax. World Bank head Robert Zoellick is in attendance at this year’s confab in Chantilly, Virginia according to the official attendee list. Numerous representatives of the environmental movement are attending Bilderberg this year to help push this agenda through, including Fred Krupp, president of the Environmental Defense Fund, a group that generates revenue in the name of fighting climate change and yet is tied at the hip with some of the biggest corporations on the planet, including McDonald’s and FedEx. Echoing UN reports which call for a similar shift, the widely discredited man‐made climate mantra will largely be dispensed in favor of centralizing power through other means, particularly by using the pretext of endangered species and overpopulation.

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The onset of a global carbon tax is already underway in numerous countries. In Australia, businesses are being threatened with fines of up to $1.1 million dollars if they even dare to criticize the carbon tax set to be implemented on July 1st. Meanwhile, a carbon tax in Europe imposed since the start of the year charges airlines emissions fees for all flights that cross the continent, costs that are inevitably set to be passed on to consumers. As we reported earlier this week, Agenda 21 is set to be a centerpiece of Bilderberg discussion, with the attendance of Alberta Premier and global warming alarmist Alison Redford at this year’s confab to discuss “ecological issues.” The United Nations’ Agenda 21 project demands that member nations adopt “sustainable development” policies that are little more than a disguise for the reintroduction of neo‐feudalism and only serve to reduce living standards and quality of life. As part of this takeover, our source informs us that Bilderberg are keen on fully enforcing the United Nations’ Law of the Sea treaty, which would hand the global body control over all U.S. oceans and force ships to pay a tariff directly to the UN. The true motivation behind the post‐industrial society being pushed by Bilderberg was recently unveiled at the‘Planet Under Pressure’ conference in London, during which climate change alarmists presented their blueprint for humans to be packed into denser cities so that the rest of the planet can be surrendered to mother nature. This process is already well underway in California where laws passed to mitigate car use and carbon dioxide emissions have led to policies that mandate up to 30 homes be built on a single acre of land. It’s a similar idea to the nightmare ‘Planned‐Opolis’ proposal put out by the Forum for the Future organization last year, in which human activity will be tightly regulated by a dictatorial technocracy in the name of saving the planet, with cars for personal use banned and only accessible to members of the elite. ********************* Paul Joseph Watson is the editor and writer for Prison Planet.com. He is the author of Order Out Of Chaos. Watson is also a regular fill‐in host for The Alex Jones Show and Infowars Nightly News.

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 "Sunshade" to fight climate change costed at $5 bln a year By Alister Doyle and David Fogarty OSLO/SINGAPORE | Fri Aug 31, 2012 4:58am IST (Reuters) ‐ Planes or airships could carry sun‐dimming materials high into the atmosphere for an affordable price tag of below $5 billion a year as a way to slow climate change, a study indicated on Friday. Guns, rockets or a pipeline into the stratosphere would be more expensive but generally far cheaper than policies to cut world greenhouse gas emissions, estimated to cost between $200 billion and $2 trillion a year by 2030. Transporting a million tonnes of particles to at least 18 km (11 miles) above the Earth every year to form a sunshade is "both feasible and affordable", U.S. scientists concluded in the journal Environmental Research Letters. The strategy, called "solar radiation management", broadly imitates a volcanic eruption. The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines, for instance, blasted out a haze of sun‐reflecting particles that slightly cooled the planet. The authors did not examine whether such "geo‐engineering" of the planet was a good idea. Other studies show it might have unwanted side effects, such as changing rainfall patterns. "One attribute of solar radiation management is that it is quite inexpensive," co‐author Professor Jay Apt of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh told Reuters. "That doesn't mean it's the preferred strategy." PLANES, AIRSHIPS New aircraft, specially adapted to high altitudes, would probably be the cheapest delivery system with a price tag of $1 to $2 billion a year, they said. A new hybrid airship could be affordable but might be unstable at high altitudes. A 20 km (12 mile)‐long "space elevator" pipe hanging from a helium‐filled platform was possible in theory but highly uncertain. Giant guns or rockets would be much more costly. Some experts favour geo‐engineering as a quick fix when governments are far from a deal to slow climate change that is expected to cause more heatwaves, floods and rising sea levels. Senior officials are meeting in Bangkok this week for a new round of U.N. talks, aiming to agree a deal in 2015. Global greenhouse gas emissions have continued to rise, with China, the United States and the European Union the top emitters.

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Dimming sunlight would not, for instance, slow the build‐up of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which is making the oceans more acidic and undermining the ability of creatures such as mussels or lobsters to build their protective shells. Co‐author David Keith at Harvard University said there were serious risks in trying to dim the sun's rays. But he said it might also "increase agricultural production by limiting impacts of climate change such as heat stress." Independent scientists were also cautious. "Research into climate engineering, including cost, is vitally important," said Matt Watson, a lecturer in Natural Hazards at Bristol University. "However, we must not get drawn into discussion where economics becomes the key driver." Apt said temperatures could jump sharply under suddenly clear skies if society spewed sulphur into the stratosphere for years but then halted, judging that disadvantages outweighed the benefits. "Abrupt stopping of the delivery of particles to the stratosphere would cause very rapid climate changes," he said. (Reporting by Alister Doyle; editing by Andrew Roche) http://in.reuters.com/article/2012/08/30/climate‐sunshade‐idINDEE87T0K420120830

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Cloud seeding can be done by ground generators, plane, or rocket. This image explaining cloud seeding shows the chemical either silver iodine or dry ice being dumped onto the cloud which then becomes a rain shower. The process shown in the upper right is what is happening in the cloud and the process of condensation to the introduced chemicals. Cloud seeding From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Cloud seeding, a form of intentional weather modification, is the attempt to change the amount or type of precipitation that falls from clouds, by dispersing substances into the air that serve as cloud condensation or ice nuclei, which alter the microphysical processes within the cloud. The usual intent is to increase precipitation (rain or snow), but hail and fog suppression are also widely practiced in airports. The most common chemicals used for cloud seeding include silver iodide and dry ice (solid carbon dioxide). Liquid propane, which expands into a gas, has also been used. This can produce ice crystals at higher temperatures than silver iodide. The use of hygroscopic materials, such as salt, is becoming more popular[citation needed] after promising research [1]. Seeding of clouds requires that they contain supercooled liquid water—that is, liquid water colder than zero degrees Celsius. Introduction of a substance such as silver iodide, which has a crystalline structure similar to that of ice, will induce freezing nucleation. Dry ice or propane expansion cools the air to such an extent that ice crystals can nucleate spontaneously from the vapor phase. Unlike seeding with silver iodide, this spontaneous nucleation does not require any existing droplets or particles because it produces extremely high vapor supersaturations near the seeding substance. However, the existing droplets are needed for the ice crystals to grow into large enough particles to precipitate out. In mid‐latitude clouds, the usual seeding strategy has been based on the fact that the equilibrium vapor pressure is lower over ice than over water. The formation of ice particles in supercooled clouds allows those particles to grow at the expense of liquid droplets. If sufficient growth takes place, the particles become heavy enough to fall as precipitation from clouds that otherwise would produce no precipitation. This process is known as "static" seeding. Seeding of warm‐season or tropical cumulonimbus (convective) clouds seeks to exploit the latent heat Cloud seeding ‐ Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_seeding

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1 of 9 28/10/2012 7:33 PM Sources for image: http://www.fletcherboland.com/photos/mountains /11.php released by freezing. This strategy of "dynamic" seeding assumes that the additional latent heat adds buoyancy, strengthens updrafts, ensures more low‐level convergence, and ultimately causes rapid growth of properly selected clouds. Cloud seeding chemicals may be dispersed by aircraft (as in the second figure) or by dispersion devices located on the ground (generators, as in first figure, or canisters fired from anti‐aircraft guns or rockets). For release by aircraft, silver iodide flares are ignited and dispersed as an aircraft flies through the inflow of a cloud. When released by devices on the ground, the fine particles are carried downwind and upwards by air currents after release. An electronic mechanism was tested in 2010, when infrared laser pulses were directed to the air above Berlin by researchers from the University of Geneva.[2] The experimenters posited that the pulses would encourage atmospheric sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide to form particles that would then act as seeds.[2] Contents 1 Effectiveness 2 Impact on environment and health 3 History 4 Modern uses 4.1 Asia 4.2 North America 4.3 Europe 4.4 Australia 4.5 Africa 5 See also 6 References 7 External links Effectiveness Referring to the 1903, 1915, 1919 and 1944 and 1947 weather modification experiments, the Australian Federation of Meteorology discounted "rain making." By the 1950s the CSIRO Division of Radiophysics switched to investigating the physics of clouds and had hoped by 1957 to better understand these processes. By the 1960s the dreams of weather making had faded only to be re‐ignited post‐corporatisation of the Snowy Mountains Scheme in order to achieve "above target" water. This would provide enhanced energy generation and profits to the public agencies who are the principal owners. Cloud seeding has been shown to be effective in altering cloud structure and size and in converting supercooled liquid water to ice particles. The amount of precipitation due to seeding is difficult to quantify. A key challenge is in discerning how much precipitation would have occurred had clouds not been seeded. Overall, there is general expectation that winter cloud seeding over mountains will produce snow, expressed by professional organizations.[3][4][5][6] There is statistical evidence for seasonal precipitation increases of about 10% with winter seeding.[7] The US government, through its National Center for Atmospheric Research, has analyzed seeded and unseeded clouds to understand the differences between them, and has conducted seeding research in other countries.[citation needed]

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Clouds were seeded during the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing using rockets,[8] so that there would be no rain during the opening and closing ceremonies.[9] although others dispute their claims of success.[10] A 2010 Israel University study revealed that the common practice of cloud seeding with materials such as silver iodide and frozen carbon dioxide may not be as effective as it had been hoped.[11] A 2011 study suggest that airplanes may produce ice particles by freezing cloud droplets that cool as they flow around the tips of propellers, over wings or over Cloud seeding ‐ Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_seeding 2 of 9 28/10/2012 7:33 PM Cessna 210 with cloud seeding equipment jet aircraft, and thereby unintentionally seed clouds. This could have potentially serious consequences for particular hail stone formation. [12] Impact on environment and health With an NFPA 704 rating of Blue 2, silver iodide can cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury to humans and mammals with intense or continued but not chronic exposure. However, there have been several detailed ecological studies that showed negligible environmental and health impacts.[13][14][15] The toxicity of silver and silver compounds (from silver iodide) was shown to be of low order in some studies. These findings likely result from the minute amounts of silver generated by cloud seeding, which are 100 times less than industry emissions into the atmosphere in many parts of the world, or individual exposure from tooth fillings.[16] Accumulations in the soil, vegetation, and surface runoff have not been large enough to measure above natural background.[17] A 1995 environmental assessment in the Sierra Nevada of California[18] and a 2004 independent panel of experts (an overview only is presented in the executive summary of the research (http://www.snowyhydro.com.au/files/SPET.pdf) ) in Australia confirmed these earlier findings. Cloud seeding over Kosciuszko National Park ‐ a Biosphere Reserve ‐ is problematic in that several rapid changes of environmental legislation were made to enable the "trial." Environmentalists are concerned about the uptake of elemental silver in a highly sensitive environment affecting the pygmy possum amongst other species as well as recent high level algal blooms in once pristine glacial lakes. The ABC program Earthbeat on July 14, 2004 heard that not every cloud has a silver lining where concerns for the health of the pygmy possums was raised. Research 50 years ago and analysis by the former Snowy Mountains Authority led to the cessation of the cloud seeding program in the 1950s with non‐definitive results. Formerly, cloud seeding was rejected in Australia on environmental grounds because of concerns about the protected species, the pygmy possum (http://www.colongwilderness.org.au/RedIndex /NSW/Jagu99.htm) . Since silver iodide and not elemental silver is the cloud seeding material, the claims of negative environmental impact are disputed by peer‐reviewed research as summarized by the international weather modification association (http://www.weathermodification.org/AGI_toxicity.pdf) . History Vincent Schaefer (1906–1993) discovered the principle of cloud seeding in July 1946 through a series of serendipitous events. Following ideas generated between himself and Nobel laureate Irving Langmuir while climbing Mt.

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Washington in New Hampshire, Schaefer, Langmuir's research associate, created a way of experimenting with supercooled clouds using a deep freeze unit of potential agents to stimulate ice crystal growth, i.e., salt, talcum powder, soils, dust and various chemical agents with minor effect. Then one hot and humid July 14, 1946, he wanted to try a few experiments at General Electric's Schenectady Research Lab. He was dismayed to find that the deep freezer was not cold enough to produce a "cloud" using breath air. He decided to move the process along by adding a chunk of dry ice just to lower the temperature of his experimental chamber. To his astonishment, as soon as he breathed into the deep freezer, a bluish haze was noted, followed by an eye‐popping display of millions of microscopic ice crystals, reflecting the strong light rays from the lamp illuminating a cross‐section of the chamber. He instantly realized that he had discovered a way to change supercooled water into ice crystals. The experiment was easily replicated and he explored the temperature gradient to establish the −40°C[19] limit for liquid water. Within the month, Schaefer's colleague, the noted atmospheric scientist Dr. Bernard Vonnegut (brother of novelist Kurt Vonnegut) is credited with discovering another method for "seeding" supercooled cloud water. Vonnegut accomplished his discovery at the desk, looking up information in a basic chemistry text and then tinkering with silver and iodide chemicals to produce silver iodide. Together with Professor Henry Chessin, SUNY Albany, a crystallographer, he co‐authored a publication in Science Magazine [20] and received a patent in 1975.[21] Both methods were adopted for use in cloud seeding during 1946 while working for the General Electric Corporation in the state of New York. Cloud seeding ‐ Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_seeding 3 of 9 28/10/2012 7:33 PM Schaefer's altered a cloud's heat budget, Vonnegut's altered formative crystal structure – an ingenious property related to a good match in lattice constant between the two types of crystal. (The crystallography of ice later played a role in Kurt Vonnegut's novel Cat's Cradle.) The first attempt to modify natural clouds in the field through "cloud seeding" began during a flight that began in upstate New York on 13 November 1946. Schaefer was able to cause snow to fall near Mount Greylock in western Massachusetts, after he dumped six pounds of dry ice into the target cloud from a plane after a 60‐mile easterly chase from the Schenectady County Airport.[22] Dry ice and silver iodide agents are effective in changing the physical chemistry of supercooled clouds, thus useful in augmentation of winter snowfall over mountains and under certain conditions, and lightning and hail suppression. While not a new technique, hygroscopic seeding for enhancement of rainfall in warm clouds is enjoying a revival, based on some positive indications from research in South Africa, Mexico, and elsewhere. The hygroscopic material most commonly used is salt. It is postulated that hygroscopic seeding causes the droplet size spectrum in clouds to become more maritime (bigger drops) and less continental, stimulating rainfall through coalescence. From March 1967 until July 1972, the U.S. military's Operation Popeye cloud‐seeded silver iodide to extend the monsoon season over North Vietnam, specifically the Ho Chi Minh Trail. The operation resulted in the targeted areas seeing an extension of

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the monsoon period an average of 30 to 45 days.[23] The 54th Weather Reconnaissance Squadron carried out the operation to "make mud, not war".[24] One private organization which offered, during the 1970s, to conduct weather modification (cloud seeding from the ground using silver iodide flares) was Irving P. Krick and Associates of Palm Springs, California. They were contracted by the Oklahoma State University in 1972 to conduct such a seeding project to increase warm cloud rainfall in the Lake Carl Blackwell watershed. That lake was, at that time (1972–73), the primary water supply for Stillwater, Oklahoma and was dangerously low. The project did not operate for a long enough time to show statistically any change from natural variations. However, at the same time, seeding operations have been ongoing in California since 1948. An attempt by the United States military to modify hurricanes in the Atlantic basin using cloud seeding in the 1960s was called Project Stormfury. Only a few hurricanes were tested with cloud seeding because of the strict rules that were set by the scientists of the project. It was unclear whether the project was successful; hurricanes appeared to change in structure slightly, but only temporarily. The fear that cloud seeding could potentially change the course or power of hurricanes and negatively affect people in the storm's path stopped the project. Two federal agencies have supported various weather modification research projects, which began in the early 1960s: The United States Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation; Department of the Interior) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; Department of Commerce). Reclamation sponsored several cloud seeding research projects under the umbrella of Project Skywater from 1964 to 1988, and NOAA conducted the Atmospheric Modification Program from 1979 to 1993. The sponsored projects were carried out in several states and two countries (Thailand and Morocco), studying both winter and summer cloud seeding. More recently, Reclamation sponsored a small cooperative research program with six Western states called the Weather Damage Modification Program,[25] from 2002–2006. Funding for research in the United States has declined in the last two decades. The Bureau of Reclamation sponsored a six‐state research program from 2002–2006, however, called the "Weather Damage Modification Program".[26] A 2003 study[27] by the United States National Academy of Sciences urges a national research program to clear up remaining questions about weather modification's efficacy and practice. In Australia, CSIRO conducted major trials between 1947 and the early 1960s: 1947 – 1952: CSIRO scientists dropped dry ice into the tops of cumulus clouds. The method worked reliably with clouds that were very cold, producing rain that would not have otherwise fallen. 1953 – 1956: CSIRO carried out similar trials South Australia, Queensland and other States. Experiments used both ground‐based and airborne silver iodide generators. Late 1950s and early 1960s: Cloud seeding in the Snowy Mountains, on the Cape York Peninsula in Queensland, in the New England district of New South Wales, and in the Warragamba catchment area west of Sydney. Only the trial conducted in the Snowy Mountains produced statistically significant rainfall increases over the entire

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experiment. Cloud seeding ‐ Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_seeding 4 of 9 28/10/2012 7:33 PM This Cessna 441 is used to conduct cloud‐seeding flights on behalf of Hydro Tasmania An Austrian study[28] to use silver iodine seeding for hail prevention ran during 1981–2000, and the technique is still actively deployed there.[29] Modern uses [...] Australia In Australia, the activities of CSIRO and Hydro Tasmania over central and western Tasmania between the 1960s and the present day appear to have been successful.[42] Seeding over the Hydro‐Electricity Commission catchment area on the Central Plateau achieved rainfall increases as high as 30% in autumn. The Tasmanian experiments were so successful that the Commission has regularly undertaken seeding ever since in mountainous parts of the State. In 2004, Snowy Hydro Limited began a trial of cloud seeding to assess the feasibility of increasing snow precipitation in the Snowy Mountains in Australia.[43] The test period, originally scheduled to end in 2009, was later extended to 2014.[43] The New South Wales (NSW) Natural Resources Commission, responsible for supervising the cloud seeding operations, believes that the trial may have difficulty establishing statistically whether cloud seeding operations are increasing snowfall. This project was discussed at a summit in Narrabri, NSW on 1 December 2006. The summit met with the intention of outlining a proposal for a 5 year trial, focussing on Northern NSW. The various implications of such a widespread trial were discussed, drawing on the combined knowledge of several worldwide experts, including representatives from the Tasmanian Hydro Cloud Seeding Project however does not make reference to former cloud seeding experiments by the then Snowy Mountains Authority which rejected weather modification. The trial required changes to NSW environmental legislation in order to facilitate placement of the cloud seeding apparatus. The modern experiment is not supported for the Australian Alps. In December 2006, the Queensland government of Australia announced A$7.6 million in funding for "warm cloud" seeding research to be conducted jointly by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology and the United States National Center for Atmospheric Research.[44] Outcomes of the study are hoped to ease continuing drought conditions in the states South East region. Africa In Mali and Niger, cloud seeding is also used on a national scale.[45][46] See also Atmospheric moisture extraction Bioprecipitation Chemtrail conspiracy theory Project Cumulus Cloud seeding ‐ Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_seeding 6 of 9 28/10/2012 7:33 PM References ^ Hill, S A., and Yi Ming, August 2012: Nonlinear climate response to regional brightening of tropical

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marine stratocumulus. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L15707, DOI:10.1029/2012GL052064. 1. ^ a b "Laser creates clouds over Germany" (http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18848‐lasercreates‐ clouds‐over‐germany.html) . New Scientist. 2010‐05‐02. http://www.newscientist.com/article /dn18848‐laser‐creates‐clouds‐over‐germany.html. Retrieved 2010‐11‐21. 2. ^ .American Society 3. of Civil Engineers ^ Weather Modification Association (http://www.weathermodification.org) 4. 5. ^ World Meteorological Organization 6. ^ American Meteorological Society 7. ^ http://www.ametsoc.org/policy/wxmod98.html ^ The rocket that stops the rain (http://news.bbc.co.uk /today/hi/today/newsid_7555000/7555737.stm) 8. ^ "Beijing to keep skies clear on Games' opening day", BOCOG, 2007‐04‐26. Retrieved on 2007‐04‐27. 9. ^ claims of success (http://www.impactlab.com/2008/04 /24/controlling‐the‐weather) 10. ^ ‘Cloud Seeding’ Not Effective at Producing Rain as Once Thought (http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases /2010/11/101101125949.htm) 11. ^ Big Hole Filled in Cloud Research (http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07 /110701121623.htm) 12. ^ Bureau of Reclamation, 1977: Project Skywater, A program of Research in Precipitation Management. However, some research indicates that silver toxicity is bio‐accumulative in aquatic environments, causing respiratory distress to some species of fish (Aquatic Toxicology Volume 49, Issues 1‐2, May 2000, Pages 111‐129). Final Environmental Statement (INT FES 77‐39). 13. ^ Harris, Edward R., 1981: Sierra Cooperative Pilot Project ‐ Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, CO, 208 pp. 14. ^ Howell, Wallace E., 1977: Environmental Impacts of Precipitation Management: Results and Inferences from Project Skywater. Bull. American Meteorological Society, 58, 488–501 15. ^ Steinhoff, Harold W., and Jack D. Ives, Eds., 1976: Ecological Impacts of Snowpack Augmentation in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado. Final Report to the Bureau of Reclamation, 489 pp. 16. ^ Donald A. Klein , 1978: Environmental Impacts of

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Artificial Ice Nucleating Agents, Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Inc., Stroudsburg, 256 pp. 17. ^ Parsons Engineering Science, Inc., 1995: Environmental Assessment for the Pacific Gas and Electric Company and the U.S. Forest Service, Stanislaus National Forest. 18. 19. ^ http://www.nmt.edu/about/history/storms/chap3.htm ^ Vonnegut, B.; Chessin, H. (1971). "Ice Nucleation by Coprecipitated Silver Iodide and Silver Bromide.". Science 174 (4012): 945–946. Bibcode 1971Sci...174..945V (http://adsabs.harvard.edu /abs/1971Sci...174..945V) . 20. doi:10.1126/science.174.4012.945 (http://dx.doi.org /10.1126%2Fscience.174.4012.945) . PMID 17773193 (//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17773193) . ^ "Freezing Nucleant", Bernard Vonnegut, Henry Chessin, and Richard E. Passarelli, Jr., #3,877,642, April 15, 1975 21. ^ Ted Steinberg, Acts of God: The Unnatural History of Natural Disaster in America, (Oxford University Press, 2000), p. 128. 22. 23. ^ http://www.acig.org/artman/publish/article_348.shtml ^ http://www.willthomas.net/Chemtrails/Articles /Weather_Warfare.htm 24. 25. ^ http://www.naiwmc.org/NAIWMC/wdmp.html ^ Hunter, Steven M. (12 January 2005) "The Weather Damage Modification Program" (http://ams.confex.com /ams/Annual2005/techprogram/paper_82476.htm) . Retrieved 27 November 2009 26. 27. ^ http://newton.nap.edu/catalog/10829.html ^ Hagelabwehr in Niederösterreich (http://www.hagelabwehr.com/links/studie.pdf) , Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik 28. ^ www.hagelabwehr.com ‐KSV‐ Herzlich Willkommen (http://www.hagelabwehr.com/) 29. ^ China Lets it Snow to End Drought (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia‐pacific/7899086.stm) . BBC 19 February 2009. 30. ^ Branigan, Tania. (2 November 2009) "Nature gets a helping hand as snow blankets Beijing (http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/nov/02/chinasnow‐ beijing) " Guardian. Retrieved 26 November 2009 31. ^ Sibal, Shri Kapil (4‐8‐2005). "Cloud Seeding" (http://dst.gov.in/admin_finance/un‐sq1207.htm) . Department of Science and Technology. http://dst.gov.in /admin_finance/un‐sq1207.htm. Retrieved 26 November 2009. 32.

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^ http://deccan.com /City/Citynews.asp#State%20to%20seed%20clouds%20again 33. ^ Kazmi, Aftab. (8 May 2008) Cloud seeding experiment has thundering success (http://gulfnews.com /news/gulf/uae/environment/cloud‐seeding‐experimenthas‐ thundering‐success‐1.104086) " Gulf News. Retrieved 3 April 2012 34. ^ Sanburn, Josh. (3 January 2011) Scientists create 52 artificial rain storms in Abu Dhabi desert (http://newsfeed.time.com/2011/01/03/scientists‐create‐ 52‐artificial‐rain‐storms‐in‐abu‐dhabi‐desert/) " Time News Feed. Retrieved 3 April 2012 35. ^ National Center for Atmospheric Research (26 January 2006). "Wyoming cloud seeding experiment begins this month" (http://www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2006‐01/ncfa‐wcs012606.php) . Eureka Alert. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2006‐01 /ncfa‐wcs012606.php. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 36. ^ a b c "MITIGATION OF HAIL DAMAGES BY CLOUD SEEDING IN FRANCE AND SPAIN" (http://www.essl.org/ECSS/2009/preprints/P12‐02‐ dessens.pdf) . 5th European Conference on Severe Storms. http://www.essl.org/ECSS/2009/preprints /P12‐02‐dessens.pdf. Retrieved 2010‐11‐21. 37. ^ Gray, Richard (22 April 2007). "How we made the Chernobyl rain" (http://www.telegraph.co.uk 38. Cloud seeding ‐ Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_seeding 7 of 9 28/10/2012 7:33 PM /news/worldnews/1549366/How‐we‐made‐the‐ Chernobyl‐rain.html) . Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/1549366 /How‐we‐made‐the‐Chernobyl‐rain.html. Retrieved 27 November 2009. ^ "Bush's greeting for his pal Blair" (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/5189048.stm) . BBC News. 17 July 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/uk_politics/5189048.stm. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 39. ^ Baldwin, Chris; Janet Lawerence (17 June 2008). "Sometimes it rains cement" (http://www.reuters.com /article/oddlyEnoughNews /idUSHAR75844520080617?feedType=RSS& feedName=oddlyEnoughNews) . Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews /idUSHAR75844520080617?feedType=RSS& feedName=oddlyEnoughNews. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 40. ^ "Moscow Testing Cloud Seeding; Promises Winter Without Snow" (http://www.meteorologynews.com /2009/10/19/moscow‐testing‐cloud‐seeding‐promiseswinter‐ without‐snow/) . Meteorology News. 19 October 41.

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2009. http://www.meteorologynews.com/2009/10 /19/moscow‐testing‐cloud‐seeding‐promises‐winterwithout‐ snow/. Retrieved 26 November 2009. ^ "On the Analysis of a Cloud Seeding Dataset over Tasmania" (http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175 /2008JAMC2068.1) . http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs /10.1175/2008JAMC2068.1. 42. ^ a b "Cloud seeding" (http://www.nrc.nsw.gov.au /Workwedo/Cloudseeding.aspx) . Government of New South Wales, Australia. 2010. http://www.nrc.nsw.gov.au /Workwedo/Cloudseeding.aspx. Retrieved 2010‐11‐21. 43. ^ Griffith, Chris. "Cloud Seeding" (http://media01.couriermail.com.au/multimedia/2007/03 /070300‐water/story6‐1.html) . Courier mail. http://media01.couriermail.com.au/multimedia/2007/03 /070300‐water/story6‐1.html. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 44. ^ West African Monsoon And Rainfall Enhancement Studies ‐ Mali (http://www.rap.ucar.edu/projects /westafrica/) 45. ^ Cloud seeding: taking off in West Africa (http://www.irc.nl/page/10355) 46. Vincent J Schaefer Unpublished Autobiography "Serendipity in Science: My Twenty Years at Langmuir University" 1993 & Personal communication: James M Schaefer, Ph.D. 1991. External links *Cloud Seeding (http://www.cloudseedingprocess.com/) Rainmaking in China (http://www.thingsasian.com/goto_article/article.2843.html) North American Interstate Weather Modification Council (http://www.naiwmc.org/) Weather Modification Association (http://weathermodification.org/) American Meteorological Society Policy Statement (http://www.ametsoc.org/policy/wxmod98.html) World Meteorological Organization Policy Statement (http://www.wmo.int/web/arep/wmp/STATEMENTS /statwme.pdf) World Meteorological Organization Weather Modification Programme (http://www.wmo.int/web/arep /wmp/wmp_homepage.shtml) Nevada State Cloud Seeding Program (http://cloudseeding.dri.edu/) DryIceNetwork.com ‐ Dry ice information source (http://dryicenetwork.com) "The Weather Modification Operations and Research Board (passed Oct.2005) ‐ in corporate cooperation with BAE Systems (HAARP apparatus & facility owner, as well as current company name for the Tesla‐funding Marconi Company) and Raytheon Corporation (HAARP patent owner, as well as UAV manufacturer, distributor, and operations contractor) (http://commerce.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressReleases.Detail& PressRelease_Id=248556) "the Weather Modification Operations and Research Board on Wiki" "Raytheon Aircraft Company (Owner of HAARP patents, and, NOAA‐funded aerosol weather modification/AESA radar weather weapons) (http://www.raytheonaircraft.com/government /multi_jets.shtml#main) " "BAE Systems ‐ APTI/ARCO program and apparatus‐owner of the HAARP facility, railgun technology, electromagnetic armor, and, a sub‐corporation partner with Raytheon via British Aerospace Corporation, as well

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as owner of Nicola Tesla's "Wardenclyffe Tower" (first EM long‐range weapon) funding company, the Marconi Company (http://www.na.baesystems.com/releasesDetail.cfm?a=477) " "Tesla's Wardenclyffe Tower (ionospheric heater) atmospheric/plasma research history, construction, utilization, & association w/ Marconi Company / GE who is now currently BAE Systems in conjunction with the current HAARP array (http://uncletaz.com/library/scimath/tesla/weapon.html) " China to force rain ahead of Olympics (http://www.boston.com/news/science/articles/2007/04 /25/china_to_force_rain_ahead_of_olympics/) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cloud_seeding&oldid=517588117" Categories: Weather modification Cloud seeding ‐ Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_seeding 8 of 9 28/10/2012 7:33 PM This page was last modified on 13 October 2012 at 15:47. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution‐ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non‐profit organization. Cloud seeding ‐ Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_seeding 9 of 9 28/10/2012 7:33 PM

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Snowy hydro's Cloud seeding for water or poisonous chemical spraying?
So those planes leaving those regular trails are commanded by the legislated 2004 Snowy Hydro Cloud Seeding Trials. 8 years on and lots of chemical precursors are in the aerosol form being inhaled on with unknown side-effects on the population. Now why are the Springs and Summer cold, dark and wet?

Watch the Snowy Hydro video posted to youtube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=NvMFUZKXMsw Can find the resource here.

http://www.snowyhydro.com.au/water/cloud-seeding/

"Cloud Seeding in the Snowy Mountains Latest Update

After a comprehensive five month review, the NSW Natural Resources Commission released its independent scientific review of the Snowy Hydro Cloud Seeding Trial.

The Key Findings in the review confirmed that cloud seeding has successfully increased snowfall in the overall target area and, importantly, that there have been no adverse environmental impacts or downwind effects resulting from cloud seeding:

“Overall, the NRC confirms that the trial is being conducted in compliance with the Act, is of a high scientific standard and the evaluation plan is statistically sound.”

“There is no evidence that cloud seeding operations have had adverse environmental impacts over the first phase of the trial (SPERP 1), based on Snowy Hydro’s environmental monitoring results. There is no evidence that the chemicals used as the seeding agent and tracer (silver iodide and indium trioxide) have accumulated in sampled soils, sediments, water or moss in the areas being tested. There is also no evidence of impacts on snow
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habitats, or of difference in the concentrations of ammonia and nitrogen oxides in seeded and unseeded snow. The monitoring results have detected no adverse impacts on rainfall in downwind areas during the first phase of the trial.”

“Snowy Hydro’s 2009 SPERP report provides evidence that cloud seeding has increased snowfall in the target area under defined weather and operating conditions. Its primary statistical analysis of the trial data yielded a positive but inconclusive result. However, Snowy Hydro also analysed physical evidence and carried out a number of secondary statistical analyses of the trial data. Together, these indicate that cloud seeding has had a positive effect in increasing snowfall in the overall target area.”

To read the full version of the report, please visit nrc.nsw.gov.au

For further information, including explanations on points raised within the report, please download Further Information on the NRC Report (PDF File, 154Kb). Background

Cloud seeding is a weather modification technique which involves the introduction of a seeding agent into suitable clouds to encourage the formation and growth of ice crystals or raindrops and, in turn, enhancing the precipitation falling from the cloud.

The terrain of the Snowy Mountains region of New South Wales and the prevailing meteorology during the winter months offers significant potential for cloud seeding. This potential was recognised more than fifty years ago, with study undertaken by the CSIRO and the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Authority over the years 1955 to 1959.

This research reported a 19% increase in precipitation for those storms that were seeded. The outcomes were challenged however because of issues relating to scientific conduct, and the evaluation and interpretation of the results.

Some limited studies on cloud seeding potential occurred during the 1970′s and 1980′s, however no cloud seeding was undertaken. In 2003, an independent Expert Panel was commissioned to investigate any environmental issues associated with cloud seeding. The Panel subsequently reported to the NSW government that cloud seeding “…would be unlikely to have a significant adverse impact on the environment”.

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The Snowy Precipitation Enhancement Research Project (“SPERP”) commenced in 2004, following passage of the Snowy Mountains Cloud Seeding Trial Act 2004 (NSW) (the “Act”) This legislation authorised Snowy Hydro Limited to undertake a second cloud seeding trial over a target area of approximately 1000 km2, with a trial duration of six years. It also mandated that cloud seeding experiments could only be “…carried out at a time when increased precipitation in the target area is likely to fall as snow” rather than rain. In 2008, the NSW Government approved an expansion of the program in area and duration.

The SPERP was designed specifically to answer the question “can cloud seeding be used to increase snowfalls in a cost effective way, and without any significant adverse environmental impacts”. Considerable effort went in to ensure the serious deficiencies associated with the 1950′s trial were comprehensively addressed so that the results could be relied on, and accepted with confidence.

These measures included a formal experimental design and evaluation plan, setting out the methods for analysis and criteria for success – published and publicly available in advance of the evaluation of the trial. At the operational level, procedures were developed to ensure that every cloud seeding experiment – without exception – was undertaken in accordance with the design. Most importantly, the evaluation of the trial outcomes was to be undertaken independently of Snowy Hydro Limited.

There was also a comprehensive environmental management and monitoring plan developed in collaboration with experts from the NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change, with outcomes reported to the NSW government each year.

Download the SPERP 2009 Annual Report Executive Summary | PDF File 1.2Mb

View the “Cloud Seeding Program Video below:

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Sunscreen for Planet Earth by Edward Teller
January 30, 1998 hoover digest » 1998 no. 1 » environment Sunscreen for Planet Earth by Edward Teller January 30, 1998 hoover digest » 1998 no. 1 » environment Sunscreen for Planet Earth by Edward Teller Global warming is too serious to be left to the politicians. Hoover fellow Edward Teller suggests a scientific solution to the problem. (If there is a problem, that is.) Society's emissions of carbon dioxide may or may not turn out to have something significant to do with global warming--the jury is still out. As a scientist, I must stand silent on this issue until it's resolved scientifically. As a citizen, however, I can tell you that I'm entertained by the high political theater that the nation's politicians have engaged in over the last few months. It's wonderful to think that the world is so very wealthy that a single nation-America--can consider spending $100 billion or so each year to address a problem that may not exist--and that, if it does exist, certainly has unknown dimensions. This is especially dramatic given that contemporary technology offers considerably morerealistic options for addressing It's wonderful to think that the world is so very wealthy that a single nation -- America -- can consider spending $100 billion a year on a problem that may not exist. any global warming effect than politicians and environmental activists are considering. Some of these may be far less burdensome than even a system of market-allocated emissions permits. One particularly attractive approach involves diminishing slightly--by about 1 percent--the amount of sunlight reaching the earth's surface in order to counteract any warming effect of greenhouse gases. This is not a new concept and certainly not a complex one. Nature does this routinely: In 1991, the large Philippine volcano Mount Pinatubo threw myriad fine particles into the upper atmosphere, where they scattered small fractions of the sun's light and heat back into space. We already know that the eruption of Mexico's El Chichon a decade earlier induced cooling in the Northern Hemisphere by about one-quarter as much as the average prediction of the global warming expected by 2100 (assuming no politically imposed limits on emissions). In 1979, physicist Freeman Dyson, in his characteristically prescient manner, proposed the deliberate, large-scale introduction of such fine particles into the upper atmosphere to offset global warming, which he thought even then would eventually become a human concern. Some of my colleagues and I have recently surveyed the current technological prospects for such an introduction. We estimated the costs involved and presented our results last August at
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the Twenty-second International Seminar on Planetary Emergencies. The most expensive such "geoengineering" option appears to be the one long ago proposed by Mr. Dyson, which may cost as much as $1 billion a year. More technologically advanced options along the same lines might cost $100 million. That's between 0.1 and 1.0 percent of the $100 billion a year it is estimated would be required to price-ration fossil fuel usage back down to 1990 levels in the United States alone. As the National Academy of Sciences commented a few years ago in a landmark report, Let us play to our uniquely American strengths in innovation and technology, offsetting any global warming by the least costly means possible. "Perhaps one of the surprises of this analysis is the relatively low costs at which some of the geoengineering options might be implemented." Indeed, the director of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Coordination Office has been promoting such geoengineering for three decades. But for some reason, this option isn't as fashionable as all-out war on fossil fuels and the people who use them. Yet if the politics of global warming require that "something must be done" while we still don't know whether anything really needs to be done--let alone what exactly--let us play to our uniquely American strengths in innovation and technology to offset any global warming by the least costly means possible. While scientists continue research into any global climatic effects of greenhouse gases, we ought to study ways to offset any possible ill effects. Injecting sunlight-scattering particles into the stratosphere appears to be a promising approach. Why not do that? Edward Teller, a senior research fellow at the Hoover Institution since 1975, where he specialized in international and national policies concerning defense and energy, died Tuesday, September 9, 2003. He was 95. Reprinted from the Wall Street Journal, October 17, 1997, from an article titled "The Planet Needs a Sunscreen." Used with permission. © 1997 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All rights reserved.

Available from the Hoover Press is the Essay in Public Policy Environmental Fundamentalism, by Thomas Gale Moore. To order, call 800-935-2882.

http://www.hoover.org/publications/hoover-digest/article/6791

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Cloud Seeding Operations in Queensland State: The cause of the floods?
The Queensland Cloud Seeding Research Program | Macquarie University ResearchOnline hdl.handle.net Macquarie University ResearchOnline[..] Description As a response to extreme water shortages in southeast Queensland, Australia, brought about by reduced rainfall and increasing population, the Queensland government decided to explore the potential for cloud seeding to enhance rainfall.

The Queensland Cloud Seeding Research Program (QCSRP) was conducted in the southeast Queensland region near Brisbane during the 2008/09 wet seasons.

In addition to conducting an initial exploratory, randomized (statistical) cloud seeding study, multiparameter radar measurements and in situ aircraft microphysical data were collected.

This comprehensive set of observational platforms was designed to improve the physical understanding of the effects of both ambient aerosols and seeding material on precipitation formation in southeast Queensland clouds.

This focus on gaining physical understanding, along with the unique combination of modern observational platforms utilized in the program, set it apart from previous cloud seeding research programs. The overarching goals of the QCSRP were to

1) determine the characteristics of local cloud systems (i.e., weather and climate),

2) document the properties of atmospheric aerosol and their microphysical effects on precipitation formation, and

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3) assess the impact of cloud seeding on cloud microphysical and dynamical processes to enhance rainfall. During the course of the program, it became clear that there is great variability in the natural cloud systems in the southeast Queensland region, and understanding that variability would be necessary before any conclusions could be made regarding the impact of cloud seeding.

This article presents research highlights and progress toward achieving the goals of the program, along with the challenges associated with conducting cloud seeding research experiments. Description 16 page(s) Resource Type journal article Organisation Macquarie University. Dept. of Environment and Geography

Identifier http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/176376 Identifier ISSN:0003-0007 Identifier mq_res-ext-2-s2.0-84856188029" http://minerva.mq.edu.au:8080/vital/access/manager/Repository/mq:20241

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The laws of global warming How to regulate geo‐engineering efforts to fight climate change?
The laws of global warming How to regulate geo-engineering efforts to fight climate change? By: Tom Snee | 2012.12.19 | 09:22 AM ©istockphoto.com/Trifonov_Evgeniy With policymakers and political leaders increasingly unable to combat global climate change, more scientists are considering the use of manual manipulation of the environment to slow warming’s damage to the planet.

But a University of Iowa law professor believes the legal ramifications of this kind of geoengineering need to be thought through in advance and a global governance structure put in place soon to oversee these efforts.

Jon Carlson “Geo-engineering is a global concern that will have climate and weather impacts in all countries, and it is virtually inevitable that some group of people will be harmed in the process,” says Jon Carlson, professor of law at the UI College of Law. “The international community must act now to take charge of this activity to ensure that it is studied and deployed with full attention to the rights and interests of everyone on the planet.” Carlson is an expert in environmental law and international law who believes geoengineering is inevitable and will likely happen sooner than later.

He considers the issue in a new paper, “Reining in Phaethon’s Chariot: Principles for the Governance of Geoengineering,” published in the current issue of the journal Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems.

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His co-author, Adam D.K. Abelkop, is a UI law graduate now in the doctoral program at the Indiana University School of Public Health and Environmental Affairs.

Carlson says the concept of geo-engineering goes back to at least the 19th century, when scientists proposed seeding clouds to increase rainfall. Today, scientists have a long list of geo-engineering ideas that could be used to slow the impact of global warming while other methods are developed to actually mitigate the damage. Some ideas are simple and locally focused, such as planting new forests to absorb carbon dioxide, or painting roofs and paved areas white to reduce solar heat absorption.

Others are more complex and controversial—manually cooling oceans so carbon dioxideladen water sinks to the bottom more quickly; building space-based shields and mirrors to deflect solar heat from the planet; or injecting chemicals like hydrogen sulfide or sulfur dioxide into the upper atmosphere, creating an aerosol shield that reduces the amount of solar heat reaching the earth’s surface.

But Carlson says geo-engineering comes with obvious international legal implications because no one country can implement its own geo-engineering plan without causing weather or climate changes in other countries. There’s also the law of unintended consequences, because while many geo-engineering concepts have proved hopeful in the lab, nobody knows what will happen when actually put into practice.

For instance, Carlson says that while manually cooling the ocean may be seen as a generally good idea, what impact will that have on farmers in India whose crops depend on rain from heat-induced tropical monsoons?

To address these issues, Carlson urges the creation of an international governing body separate from any existing organization that approves or rejects geo-engineering plans, taking into consideration the best interests of people and countries around the world. He says any legal regimen involving geo-engineering activities should require they be publicly announced in the planning stage, and all countries are notified so they have a voice in deliberations.

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As a model for his oversight body, Carlson suggests the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Like the IMF, his proposed organization would give all countries a place during discussions, but decisions would be made by a relatively small group of directors, each of which has a weighted vote that’s based on their country’s greenhouse gas production. That is, countries that produce more greenhouse gases will spend more money to combat global climate change, and so will have more votes.

Carlson’s proposed body would oversee a compensation fund to help people and countries that are harmed by other country’s approved geo-engineering activities, or by unseen effects of those activities. Contacts Tom Snee, University Communication and Marketing, office: 319-384-0010; cell: 319-5418434 Colleges: College of Law Topics: Research International Sustainability Faculty http://now.uiowa.edu/2012/12/laws-global-warming

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Are the ALP, UN and Global Greens after a glacial age for Australia?
Solar radiation management: the governance of research

Report summarizes opinions and issues surrounding SRM governance raised by global stakeholders

Download: Solar radiation management: the governance of research [PDF] File size: 1.5 MB | Published: December 1, 2011 Supplemental Download: Appendix 3- Solar radiation management: the governance of research [PDF] File size: 150 KB | Published: December 1, 2011 About the report SRMGI has brought together diverse opinions and expertise from multidisciplinary fields, environmental and development NGOs, industry and civil society organizations from around the globe on the topic of solar radiation management governance. The report, Solar radiation management: the governance of research [PDF], summarizes the opinions gathered and issues raised from international conferences and meetings bringing together this wide variety of stakeholders, including input from experts and organizations from 22 countries. Key conclusions include: Nothing now known about SRM techniques provides any justification for reducing efforts to mitigate climate change by reducing greenhouse gases and this should remain a global priority. o Concern about geoengineering, and particularly SRM methods, is significant and it is important to ensure that all perspectives and interests can be expressed and discussed. In addition to misgivings regarding potential side effects, concern is often expressed that geoengineering could be seen to provide an escape route from the impacts of climate change, thus reducing the incentive to reduce emissions. o SRM technologies would take effect relatively quickly and their cost could be comparatively low, and they could reduce some of the most significant effects of climate change. However, the technologies are poorly understood, have the potential to be dangerous and there are risks associated not only with deployment but also medium and large-scale research. o Appropriate research will make it easier to assess the feasibility, risks and impacts associated with SRM, and to reduce the uncertainties. A lack of information about SRM technologies and their potential impacts is making the issues more difficult to debate and resolve at present.
o

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The range of SRM research runs from computer simulations and laboratory studies right up to potentially risky, large-scale experiments in the real world. While most SRMGI participants were comfortable with low risk research, there was much debate over how to govern any research outside the lab. o Governance arrangements for managing any potentially risky research are mostly lacking and must be developed. Initial discussions suggest that the wide differences among the types of SRM technologies and types of research make a “one size fits all” approach inappropriate, and a differentiated regulatory and governance approach is likely to be more effective. o Considering the actual deployment of SRM techniques would be inappropriate without, among other things, adequate resolution of uncertainties concerning the feasibility, advantages and disadvantages. No future technology should be implemented without a thorough characterisation of its potential environmental and social impacts and appropriate governance arrangements. o The SRMGI convening organisations neither support nor oppose solar geoengineering, but share a conviction that further international debate and deliberation, reflecting a range of views and informed by the best scientific advice, must be undertaken to develop effective governance in order to ensure that any future research can be carried out in a safe, transparent and socially acceptable way.
o

News announcement International Groups Call for Coordinated Oversight of Geoengineering Research (December 1, 2011) Nations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and individuals must engage in a wide-ranging dialogue to explore both the potential risks and benefits of solar geoengineering and establish effective governance arrangements for research, according to a new report. The report was released worldwide today from the Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative (SRMGI), an international collaboration of NGOs. Geoengineering is the deliberate large-scale manipulation of the Earth’s climate system to counteract anthropogenic climate change. SRMGI was established in March 2010 to explore how to govern the developing research area of Solar Radiation Management (SRM), a type of geoengineering that would cause a small percentage of inbound sunlight to be reflected back into space, in order to reduce global warming. "Solar Radiation Management might sound, at first, like something from science fiction – but it's not. There are already serious discussions beginning about it, and that's why we felt it was urgent to create this governance initiative,” said Steve Hamburg, Chief Scientist for Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) and co-chair of SRMGI. “Solar Radiation management could be a ‘Plan B’ to address climate change, but first we must figure out how to research it safely. Only then should we even consider any other steps." Interest in SRM technologies has increased rapidly in recent years, as their potential to be both useful and/or harmful to the planet has been recognised. SRM methods may be able to reduce temperatures quickly and relatively cheaply. However, these technologies could also have significant unanticipated side effects. Moreover, they would not affect the cause of climate change, the rising levels of greenhouse gases, and the associated threat of ocean acidification and could conceivably be implemented unilaterally, without consultation or agreement from all individuals and nations that could be affected.
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“Unless the apparent lack of political will to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions changes soon, geoengineering may be needed and SRM methods could be used in unregulated and possibly reckless ways by individuals, corporations or individual countries,” said Professor John Shepherd, Fellow of the Royal Society and a co-chair of SRMGI.” These actions would have consequences beyond national borders that are as yet unknown. We must also work outside our national borders, bringing together interested parties from around the globe to debate the issues of geoengineering, agree appropriate governance structures and ensure that any research is undertaken in a safe, transparent and socially acceptable manner. The question of whether solar geoengineering will prove to be helpful or harmful will largely depend on how humanity can govern the issue and its political implications, and avoid unilateral action.” “Like the effects of global warming we are currently facing, the effects of any solar radiation management deployment are likely to have greater impacts in developing countries that are less resilient and less able to mitigate and adapt to any adverse effects,” said Professor Paulo Artaxo, head of the Department of Applied Physics at the Institute of Physics, University of São Paolo, Brazil, and a Fellow of TWAS. “Any deployment, even of medium to large-scale research initiatives, therefore, needs to be governed by an effective and transparent system. Developing countries need to be involved in the discussions to develop such governance arrangements from the beginning.” SRMGI is convened by EDF, the Royal Society(the UK’s national academy of science), and TWAS (the academy of sciences for the developing world). It has brought together diverse opinions and expertise from the fields of natural sciences, social science, governance and law, as well as environmental and development NGOs, industry and civil society organisations, from across the globe to discuss this issue. Following a major conference in March 2011, the report released today summarizes the opinions gathered and the issues raised from this and other meetings, including input from experts and organizations from 22 different countries. Key conclusions include:
o

o

o

o

o

Nothing now known about SRM techniques provides any justification for reducing efforts to mitigate climate change by reducing greenhouse gases and this should remain a global priority. Concern about geoengineering, and particularly SRM methods, is significant and it is important to ensure that all perspectives and interests can be expressed and discussed. In addition to misgivings regarding potential side effects, concern is often expressed that geoengineering could be seen to provide an escape route from the impacts of climate change, thus reducing the incentive to reduce emissions. SRM technologies would take effect relatively quickly and their cost could be comparatively low, and they could reduce some of the most significant effects of climate change. However, the technologies are poorly understood, have the potential to be dangerous and there are risks associated not only with deployment but also medium and large-scale research. Appropriate research will make it easier to assess the feasibility, risks and impacts associated with SRM, and to reduce the uncertainties. A lack of information about SRM technologies and their potential impacts is making the issues more difficult to debate and resolve at present. The range of SRM research runs from computer simulations and laboratory studies right up to potentially risky, large-scale experiments in the real world. While most SRMGI participants
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were comfortable with low risk research, there was much debate over how to govern any research outside the lab. o Governance arrangements for managing any potentially risky research are mostly lacking and must be developed. Initial discussions suggest that the wide differences among the types of SRM technologies and types of research make a “one size fits all” approach inappropriate, and a differentiated regulatory and governance approach is likely to be more effective. o Considering the actual deployment of SRM techniques would be inappropriate without, among other things, adequate resolution of uncertainties concerning the feasibility, advantages and disadvantages. No future technology should be implemented without a thorough characterisation of its potential environmental and social impacts and appropriate governance arrangements. o The SRMGI convening organisations neither support nor oppose solar geoengineering, but share a conviction that further international debate and deliberation, reflecting a range of views and informed by the best scientific advice, must be undertaken to develop effective governance in order to ensure that any future research can be carried out in a safe, transparent and socially acceptable way. SRMGI is being supported by a range of funders and partners, including FICER, Carbon War Room and Zennstrom Philanthropies. This report is being released concurrently with the latest policy brief in the UNESCO-SCOPE-UNEP series on Engineering the Climate: Research Questions and Policy Implications. You can see the full report here.

The Royal Society is the UK’s national academy of science. Founded in 1660, the Society has three roles, as a provider of independent scientific advice, as a learned Society, and as a funding agency. Our expertise is embodied in the Fellowship, which is made up of the finest scientists from the UK and beyond. For further information on the Royal Society please visit http://royalsociety.org/ Follow the Royal Society on Twitter at http://twitter.com/royalsociety or on Facebook at http://www.facebook.com/theroyalsociety Environmental Defense Fund (edf.org), a leading US nonprofit organization, creates transformational solutions to the most serious environmental problems. EDF links science, economics, law and innovative private-sector partnerships. See twitter.com/EnvDefenseFund; facebook.com/EnvDefenseFund TWAS, the academy of sciences for the developing world, is based in Trieste, Italy, and operates under the administrative umbrella of UNESCO. Founded in 1983, it now counts more than 1,000 eminent scientists, more than 85% of whom come from the developing world, as members. TWAS programmes aim to build scientific capacity and promote scientific excellence in the South. For further information on TWAS please visit www.twas.org Follow TWAS on Twitter at http://twitter.com/twasnews or on Facebook at http://www.facebook.com/pages/TWAS/200586166619221 The Fund for Innovative Climate and Energy Research (FICER) exists to accelerate the innovative development and evaluation of science and technology to address carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions and their environmental consequences. Grants for research were provided to the University of Calgary from gifts made by Mr. Bill Gates from his personal funds. The activities of the Fund for Innovative Climate and Energy Research
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fall outside the scope of activities of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. FICER is not a Foundation project and has no relationship with it. The Carbon War Room is an independent, global, non-profit organisation that harnesses the power of entrepreneurs to unlock gigaton-scale, market-driven solutions to climate change. While its primary focus is on carbon mitigation techniques, it recognises the controversy of SRM and the need for good governance in this area. Founded in 2007, Zennström Philanthropies' mission is to support and engage with organisations that fight for human rights, to work to stop climate change and encourage social entrepreneurship in order to protect our natural environment and allow those who live in it to realize

http://www.srmgi.org/report/

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ESSAY, MAR/APR 2008

Arctic Meltdown
Scott G. Borgerson Thanks to global warming, the Arctic icecap is rapidly melting, opening up access to massive natural resources and creating shipping shortcuts that could save billions of dollars a year. But there are currently no clear rules governing this economically and strategically vital region. Unless Washington leads the way toward a multilateral diplomatic solution, the Arctic could descend into armed conflict.Read
POSTSCRIPT, MARCH 25, 2009

The Great Game Moves North
Scott G. Borgerson The Arctic is rich in natural resources and lies at the epicenter of a rapidly changing climate -- and it is time the United States paid more attention to the region.Read
ESSAY, SEP/OCT 2003

What Future for the Oceans?
John Temple Swing Threatened by pollution, rising temperatures and water levels, and unrestrained fishing, the oceans' future is in jeopardy. The Bush administration and Congress must get their act together to protect them, and their wealth of natural resources, from a deepening crisis.Read

The Geoengineering Option
A Last Resort Against Global Warming?
Article Summary and Author Biography

Each year, the effects of climate change are coming into sharper focus. Barely a month goes by without some fresh bad news: ice sheets and glaciers are melting faster than expected, sea levels are rising more rapidly than ever in recorded history, plants are blooming earlier in the spring, water supplies and habitats are in danger, birds are being forced to find new migratory patterns. The odds that the global climate will reach a dangerous tipping point are increasing. Over the course of the twenty-first century, key ocean currents, such as the Gulf Stream, could shift radically, and thawing permafrost could release huge amounts of additional greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Such scenarios, although still remote, would dramatically accelerate and compound the consequences of global warming. Scientists are taking these doomsday scenarios seriously because the steady accumulation of warming gases in the atmosphere is forcing change in the climate system at rates so rapid that the outcomes are extremely difficult to predict. Eliminating all the risks of climate change is impossible because carbon dioxide emissions, the chief human contribution to global warming, are unlike conventional air pollutants, which stay in the atmosphere for only hours or days. Once carbon dioxide enters the atmosphere, much of it remains for over a hundred years. Emissions from anywhere on the planet contribute to the global problem, and once headed in the wrong direction, the climate system is slow to respond to attempts at reversal. As with a bathtub that has a large faucet and a small drain, the only practical way to lower the level is by dramatically cutting the inflow. Holding global warming steady at its current rate would require a worldwide 60-80 percent cut in emissions, and it would still take decades for the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide to stabilize.

Related
By David G. Victor , M. Granger Morgan , Jay Apt , John Steinbruner , and Katharine Ricke March/April 2009

The Geoengineering Option | Foreign Affairs http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/64829/david-g-victor-mgrange... 1 of 2 30/01/2013 2:50 AM
DISQUS seems to be taking longer than usual. Reload ?

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The Geoengineering Option | Foreign Affairs http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/64829/david-g-victor-mgrange... 2 of 2 30/01/2013 2:50 AM

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Smart Grid Smart City Sydney: Cyborg Cities
Smart Grid Smart City CSIRO expertise is contributing to Australia's first commercial-scale smart grid demonstration project.
o o o o o o

11 June 2010 | Updated 14 October 2011 Smart grid Smart city The Newcastle project EnergyAustralia consortium members The Australian Government has committed up to A$100 million to develop the Smart Grid, Smart City demonstration project in partnership with the energy sector. An EnergyAustralia-led consortium won the bid to build Australia's first commercial-scale smart grid network in New South Wales (NSW). It will demonstrate an electricity system of the future, which uses information and communications to improve the efficiency of power production, delivery and use. CSIRO is working with EnergyAustralia to maximise the benefits from smart grid infrastructure and using CSIRO expertise in advanced control systems and artificial intelligence.

Smart grid A smart grid is a modernised electricity grid that efficiently manages electricity supply and demand. Smart grids have the potential to transform the way we use energy in our homes and businesses, and allow for greater use of renewable energy in the electricity network. Smart grids combine advanced communication, sensing and metering infrastructure with existing energy networks.

Smart grids have the potential to transform the way we use energy in our homes and businesses, and allow for greater use of renewable energy in the electricity network. A smart grid can identify and resolve faults on the electricity grid, automatically self-heal, manage voltage and identify infrastructure that requires maintenance. Smart grids can also help consumers manage their individual electricity consumption and enable the use of energy efficient 'smart appliances' that can be programmed to run on offpeak power.
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Smart city The demonstration project will deploy a live, integrated, commercial size smart grid in the Newcastle area, with parts of the trial also conducted in Newington, Sydney's central business district (CBD), Ku-ring-gai and Scone, NSW.

The Newcastle project This trial will showcase the future of electricity networks in Australia that will lead to Australia-wide advances in energy management and greater uptake of renewable energy. It will involve:
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new generation smart meters will be rolled out to 50 000 homes at five sites in Newcastle, Scone, the Sydney CBD, Ku-ring-gai and Newington around 15 000 households will become 'smart homes', trialling in-house displays and websites that track electricity and water use, costs and CO2 emissions households in Scone will participate in battery storage trials, becoming virtual power stations for green energy smart sensors will be fitted to the electricity network to allow earlier fault detection and repair, including self-healing of some faults. renewable energy and battery storage trials will see power generated locally in buildings in Sydney's CBD Sydney City Council's fleet of 20 electric vehicles will test battery storage and smart charging points built in public areas to test how electric cars can be charged from multiple locations on the grid.

o

EnergyAustralia consortium members EnergyAustralia consortium members include:
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IBM GE Energy AGL Sydney Water Hunter Water Transgrid Newcastle City Council NSW Government. Read more about CSIRO's work in Efficient energy management. http://www.csiro.au/partnerships/Smart-grid-smart-city#a2

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IF TECHNOCRACY KNOWS HOW WE TICK...THUS IBM CAN DESTROY
IBM to Collaborate with Leading Australian Institutions to Push the Boundaries of Medical Research Victorian State Government and IBM Establish Life Sciences Research Collaboratory at the University of Melbourne Melbourne, Australia - 11 Feb 2010: IBM today announced a Research collaboratory in Melbourne, Australia, where scientists from the Victorian Life Sciences Computational Initiative (VLSCI) at the University of Melbourne and the IBM Research Computational Biology Center will use high performance computing – including IBM’s Blue Gene supercomputer – to study human disease. The collaboratory – where IBM Researchers co-locate with a university, government, or commercial partner and share skills, assets, and resources to achieve a common research goal – will enable collaboration between the 10,000 world-class life sciences and medical researchers in the Melbourne area, and IBM’s computational biology experts, who are renowned for applying high performance computing to biological discoveries. The collaboration is dedicated to dramatic improvements in human health through technology innovation in medical diagnostics, drug discovery and drug design, underpinned by a deep understanding of disease. Scientists from VLSCI and IBM Research will work to accelerate the translation of our fundamental understanding of biology to improvements in medical care and health outcomes, with projects such as: Medical Imaging and Neuroscience: high performance computers are used to analyse images from the devices such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Positron Emission Topography (PET) and the synchrotron. o Clinical Genomics: the identification of combinations of genes implicated in disease and the ability to predict susceptibility to disease and treatmentoutcome from an individual’s genome and medical history o Structural Biology: understanding the structure and shape of biological macromolecules, fundamental to pharmaceutical discovery. o Integrated Systems Biology: understanding and modeling the dynamic behavior of complex systems, from genes, proteins, cells, tissues and organs to organisms.
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The Premier of Victoria John Brumby said the supercomputer, to be based at Melbourne University in Parkville, would further boost Victoria’s reputation as a global centre for excellence in life sciences research. “The Victorian Life Sciences Computational Initiative (VLSC) will provide Victoria’s researchers with the necessary tools to solve some of the biggest challenges facing our health system and impacting our quality of life”, Mr Brumby said. “The Victorian Government is taking action to support our world-class researchers and to invest in innovative projects that secure the state’s economy." University of Melbourne Vice-Chancellor Professor Glyn Davis says the University is delighted to link with IBM in this partnership which will help to put Victoria – and Australia – firmly on the international map as a life sciences precinct equal to the best in the world. “The outcome of this partnership will be a significant strengthening of the research
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capabilities of Victoria's life sciences researchers and a dramatic expansion of their capacity to carry out world-class life sciences research right here in Melbourne.” “At IBM, we believe that giving our researchers the opportunity to go outside of the walls of our labs and collaborate with other institutions will further the reach and impact of our research,” said Tilak Agerwala, Vice President, IBM Research. “As the largest IBM Research collaboration in life sciences, the Victorian Life Sciences Computational Initiative holds great potential for driving new breakthroughs in the understanding of human disease and translating that knowledge into improved medical care, and gives IBM Research the opportunity to expand the impact of our Computational Biology Center.” IBM’s Blue Gene/P supercomputer will serve as the high performance computing foundation for much of the VLSCI and collaboratory’s work. Blue Gene's speed and scalability have enabled business and science to address a wide range of complex problems and make more informed decisions -- not just in the life sciences, but also in astronomy, climate, energy and many other areas.

The collaboratory will be fully operational in 2010 and will be located on the campus of the University of Melbourne. It is being established jointly by the University of Melbourne and IBM through the VLSCI, which was made possible through the Victorian State Government in Australia. In addition to the University of Melbourne, the collaboratory will also work with researchers from leading institutions participating in the VLSCI. This is the sixth IBM collaboratory. Other IBM collaboratories worldwide are located in Dublin, Ireland; Shenyang, China; Shanghai, China; Taipei, Taiwan and Hyderbad, India. IBM has been a leader in providing technology and services to healthcare and life sciences organisations for more than fifteen years, and IBM Research devotes significant resources to work that will help pioneer the future of medicine and healthcare. IBM is working with organisations around the world on areas such as: bioinformatics, genomics, proteomics, biochemistry, drug discovery, cancer research, brain research, avian influenza and pandemic research, information based medicine, and health informatics.

About IBM For more information visit www.ibm.com/research.

About University of Melbourne For more information visit live.unimelb.edu.au http://www-03.ibm.com/press/au/en/pressrelease/29383.wss

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THE BASICS CARD: PRECURSOR TO THE CARBON/ENERGY RATIONING CARD?
This is the extract form the US Technocracy Inc on the Energy Rationing Card, which presently is known as the Carbon Ration card to hide its purpose and origin. Below is the sample from Technocracy Inc's historical document: The Energy Rationing Card.

*** The Energy Distribution Card 1 of 9 THE ENERGY DISTRIBUTION CARD THAT WHICH CEASES TO FUNCTION, CEASES TO EXIST.

Adapted from an article in the Technocracy Magazine, July 1937

Copyright 1938, Technocracy Inc. Edited, Updated and printed: August 2006 THE ENERGY DISTRIBUTION CARD

As each day passes it becomes more evident that our socio-economic structure is unsustainable in the technological, scientific age in which we live. Consequently, Technocracy Inc., a membership organization which is scientifically oriented, continues to put forward the ideas which the organization developed and presented more than 75 years ago.

One aspect of Technocracy’s analysis is that our “Price System,” which include our current “means of exchange and accounting” (i.e. money), is not a natural requirement of a functioning society in our advance age of science and technology. Though debt tokens go back over 7,000 years in human history, the time is here when wrenching an accountable profit from society’s interactions is too expensive in environmental and human costs.

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Using an Energy Distribution Card as a means of accounting is a part of Technocracy’s proposed change in the course of how our socioeconomic system can be organized. This Energy Distribution Card pamphlet describes in part the “how” and “why” of moving from a Price System to Energy Distribution Cards.

PREFACE In this day of computers, credit cards, and microchips, an addendum should be included. It is now possible to use a plastic card similar to today’s credit card embedded with a microchip. This chip could contain all the information needed for an energy distribution card as described in this booklet. *Since the same information would be provided in whatever form best suits the latest technology, however, the concept of an “Energy Distribution Card” is what is explained here.

* In the process of editing to update this booklet, it was found prudent not to change some of the wording that might not be in current use. The word ‘abundance’ is one such word. At the time of the original compilation of this booklet, ‘abundance’ had a dual meaning: not only goods and services in great quantity, but also the potential of our productive capabilities to overproduce. Such abundance meets with the inherent inability of our present economic system to distribute goods and services equitably or efficiently.

The Energy Distribution Card 2 of 9 PART I THE APPLICATION OF SCIENCE TO THE MEANS WHEREBY WE LIVE Throughout countless centuries people have found their own security in the insecurity of others, have found their own economic and cultural haven in the poverty and subservience of the majority, and have found that a higher station in life has only been possible for the few, not the multitude. Throughout human history selfishness, greed, and wars have been constant. Simultaneously, some dreamers have engaged in a gigantic effort to erase from the face of the earth all “evil” among individuals, groups, and nations. The approach has been an attempt to reform and convert the individual with the hope that an international gathering of “good” men and women could bring about peace and equality. There is no need to describe here the futility of this approach and its very evident failure to accomplish these idealistic ends.

It is perhaps one of the major ironies of history that a new and the only adequate approach should be offered by certain interpreters of applied physical science who distinctly disclaim
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as their motivating force an idealistic search for truth, love, peace, harmony, and other imponderables. These interpreters, early Technocrats and people of science, undertook an analysis of the operational problems of the North American Continental area. From this analysis, they synthesized a Technological Design of Social Operations that they predicted as the next most desirable and probable form of society. It was objectively presented. By it, human history can become for the first time a planned progression based on a quantitative analysis of the continental resources. It is precisely the intricate immensity of continental problems arising in the control and operation of a unique high energy-consuming civilization that requires a unique methodology.

When power – applied energy – is used in vast quantities, the result is an abundance of goods and services. Never in history have people faced the technical problem of everyone having a comfortable lifestyle. Efforts in the past have been directed toward philosophical speculation as to how abundance might be achieved

Now, this state of affairs has been thrust upon us by technology. The production problem has been solved, but people must now solve the problem of distributing abundance. (We do not dispute that large numbers of people today are going without, but from a Technocratic perspective, we contend this deprivation needs to be addressed by discarding our “Price System.”)

The Energy Distribution Card 3 of 9

Adequate production and use of vast quantities of power (applied energy) opens up many vistas of possible human achievement previously seen only as shifting mirages by the Utopian dreamers of history. It realizes the physical fact of abundance. It contains within itself the technique whereby goods and services can be distributed. It provides not just another variation of the method of haphazard exchange now in operation throughout the world but a technique of physical accounting on a continental order of magnitude. In operation, this continental accounting system would allow a high degree of certainty in meeting human needs

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THE ENERGY CAUSE

The increase of energy-consuming technologies in a high-energy civilization tends to nullify prior concepts of “value” as it applies to the Price System. The rate of energy consumption of this continental area has reached a magnitude that results in a plethora of goods and services beyond our control. Properly used, this energy consumption could also result in a comfortable lifestyle for everyone on the North American Continent. When power – applied energy – is used in vast quantities, the result is an abundance of goods and services. Never in history have people faced the technical problem of everyone having a comfortable lifestyle. Efforts in the past have been directed toward philosophical speculation as to how abundance might be achieved. Now, this state of affairs has been thrust upon us by technology. The production problem has been solved, but people must now solve the problem of distributing abundance. (We do not dispute that large numbers of people today are going without, but from a Technocratic perspective, we contend this deprivation needs to be addressed by discarding our “Price System.”)

Adequate production and use of vast quantities of power (applied energy) opens up many vistas of possible human achievement previously seen only as shifting mirages by the Utopian dreamers of history. It realizes the physical fact of abundance. It contains within itself the technique whereby goods and services can be distributed. It provides not just another variation of the method of haphazard exchange now in operation throughout the world but a technique of physical accounting on a continental order of magnitude. In operation, this continental accounting system would allow a high degree of certainty in meeting human needs.

SOCIAL DESIGN NOW POSSIBLE

Science and technology have developed the method of research and analysis. People are now adept at the discovery and classification of physical knowledge by which we have constructed energy-consuming technologies that have created a new world, so to speak. Today, the data are available. More research is being conducted than ever before. In the matter of design, too, science and technology have made strides but only in the minutiae of science and technology. People have
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The Energy Distribution Card 4 of 9

designed and constructed enormous dams, power plants, and canals, but we have never designed and constructed a continental hydrology. People have designed automobiles and highways but never perfected a superhighway system controlling the origin of traffic and the “load factor” (here meaning how much can be moved safely and efficiently). People have built haphazard Price System economics and political empires, but never have we designed a self-contained technological social mechanism. In other words, the designs of the past have been only designs of minutiae, the working up from the part to the whole; never were they designs of the whole, leading down into the microcosmic parts. When a continental social mechanism is designed as an operational totality, then, and only then, will the whole exceed the sum of its parts. A planned social structure is possible when, and only when, all the factors relevant to the operation of a social mechanism are measurable. With measurable factors, effective social planning is possible. Today, the predominant immeasurable factor is “price,” which explains why neither the United States nor any other country has been able to achieve sustainability. But, of course, until slightly over 100 years ago, science and technology had never had the opportunity to design in this manner. Even the science and technology of the Industrial Revolution are comparatively new. These fields have never approached managing the social order (except in science fiction). The discovery of the importance of the energy factor in social measurement was first made by Technocracy. The discovery forms the basis of a continental design. MEASUREMENT BY ENERGY COST The problems of the commodity exchange method of distributing goods and services, and of Price System economics in general, became apparent before World War I. The disrupted conditions at that time led to an investigation which, in turn, uncovered the astounding, yet almost obvious, fact that the only common denominator of all commodities and services is energy. The scientists who pointed this out simply proposed to measure the total amount of energy used by the continent in a given period, measure the energy cost of physical production and services, and use these measurements as the basis for the regulation of all continental production and distribution. THE PRICE SYSTEM The Price System grew out of the days of scarcity, when trading crude materials, or stealing them, was the only way in which people could acquire the articles they needed. Through complex ramifications, the trading system has grown until it is now the overwhelming structure of finance, business, commerce, and politics – in short, the price system in-toto – a gigantic structure but still a method of exchanging goods, springing from the ancient custom and necessity of barter. There is only a pretense of accurate measurement and control:
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physical accounting is inadequate; accurate predictions are impossible, as is overall stabilization. The Price System is simply a method of erratic The Energy Distribution Card 5 of 9 exchange, in scarcity, it sufficed well enough as an exchange method; with enough to go around, it cannot even do that.

When the possibility of assuring accurate measurement of all goods and services in quantities of physical terms was announced, it was treated with scorn by all of the institutions of the Price System. To take science out of the laboratory and apply it to social operations seemed inconceivable to many vested interests, but now the inevitability of such a development is slowly becoming apparent, as is the coming scarcity of oil and other important resources. Those who are blind to the possibilities of energy accounting are like those who refused to accept many other new technologies. They may find themselves footnotes in history as the proverbial Luddites. They will have to accept energy accounting or remove themselves from its sphere. Let us add that it is a long, cold swim to the next continent

FACTS AND SOCIAL REGRESSION

Physical development has made the next step mandatory, and Technocracy, grown from the work of the interpreters of science previously mentioned, now states the following: That the North American Continent has many potentially sustainable resources; that we have designed, developed, and are operating the largest and most complex technology in existence; that we have many intelligent men and women who are technically trained; and that we have the highest average consumption of energy per capita of any continent. Technocracy also states that there need be no uncomfortable restrictions on our physical standard of living due to inadequate resources; that we can only continue to optimize per capita consumption by the increased substitution of energy and technology for man-hours of labor and by a continuous improvement of our equipment; that we will be forced to greater and greater integration of our data and of our physical equipment; and that we will do well to adopt a technological administration for all forms of social operation. This, then, is our social progression whether we like it or not. If we do not accept these physical conditions and refuse to adopt a method of control capable of administering these processes, the most likely other alternative is the complete abandonment of our technological developments with the consequent chaos. Technocracy urges that we not permit that catastrophe. The North American people are going to demand that we move forward; and the citizens can choose to conscript their leaders, the technologists, the scientists, and engineers to lead them in establishing this new system. ENERGY ACCOUNTING
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This new system will put into operation a Continental Energy Accounting, utilizing the Energy Distribution Card. Production and distribution will depend on continent-wide statistics expressing the desires of all citizens in their choices of consumable goods and available services. This system will do the following things in a geographical area where sufficiency is certain The Energy Distribution Card 6 of 9 1. Record on a continuous 24-hour basis the total net conversion of energy for continental plant construction and maintenance, the availability of energy for continental plant construction and maintenance, and the amount of physical resources and services for use by the total population during a given period 2. By means of the registration of energy converted and consumed, make possible the best use of equipment and resources (a “balanced load”). 3. Provide a continuous 24-hour inventory of all production and consumption 4. Provide a specific registration of the type, kind, size, etc. of all goods and services, where produced, and where obtained 5. Provide specific registration of the consumption by each individual 6. Allow citizens the widest possible latitude of choice in consuming their individual shares of goods and services 7. Distribute goods and services to every member of the population The challenge of producing continental abundance is without precedent in the social history of human beings. The magnitude of this problem prescribes that there be a highly innovative solution. The physical resources of our continent can be usefully developed only by the technological application of sustainable energy supplies. This continental production of sufficiency, therefore, will provide the largest per capita consumption of extraneous energy while maximizing the conservation of natural resources This use of energy in producing “enough to go around” would require the maximum efficiency at close to “full-load operation.” It is obvious that for this production to be attained with a minimum of human toil, we must have an accurate measurement of all extraneous energy converted on the continental area and the continuous recording of its allocated degradation in providing the citizens of this continent with sufficient physical wealth for optimal individual consumption Science and technology have no philosophical or moral “values,” only measurement. The single method known to science in the measurement of the cost of all physical operations is that of the amount of energy consumed per unit of mass, per unit of time, and per unit of distance. Technocracy presents the only system for calculating and distributing extraneous energy on this North American Continent

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The Energy Distribution Card 7 of 9 PART II

THE CONTINENTAL ENERGY DISTRIBUTION CARD

Each citizen on the North American Continent will be issued a card allowing for a certain expenditure of energy to provide for goods and services. All public services (such as local transportation, health care, housing, education, and our infrastructure and its maintenance) will be provided free, without any personal expenditure of energy units. An individual’s personal energy units would be for food, personal effects and entertainment, creative development, and expression. The individual’s share is not based upon his contribution of work or effort for the larger community. (The term “work” is often used derogatorily in this Price System society.) All would receive equally, leaving personal decisions about how to expend that share up to the individual. Technocracy has no theory of the “value” of labor. People will largely want and need to “make and do” because we are human beings, and human beings are highly creative and altruistic

INDIVIDUAL CONSUMING PRIVILEGES

Every adult above 25 years of age will receive as his/her share of purchasing power an equal part of the total net consumed energy; and from birth to the twenty-fifth year, every individual will receive a maintenance allowance.

The certificate will be issued directly to the individual. It is nontransferable and nonnegotiable; therefore, it cannot be stolen, lost, loaned, borrowed, or given away. It is noncumulative; therefore, it cannot be saved, and it does not accrue or bear interest. It need not be spent but loses its validity after a designated time period. Gender, ethnic, and sexual preference distinctions will not be applied to individuals for purposes of accounting.

The Energy Distribution Card represents equal, though not identical, purchasing power for every adult living on this continent. In itself, it represents nothing of value. It is much in the nature of a blank check – a scrap of paper. The certificate is valid only for the purchase of items individually consumable. Means of production and distribution cannot be owned by an individual. The individual owns nothing
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beyond his/her immediate personal belongings and apparel. For example, he/she does not own an automobile but merely “pays” with energy units for the use of personal transportation on a time-distance basis.

Technocracy’s system will permit no curtailment or differentiated increases of individual purchasing power. This card furnishes the individual with the means of maximum social expression and choice. Purchasing power is the only avenue whereby the individuals can participate in directing what is wanted and needed in their local areas. The flow of goods and services in sufficient quantities can be controlled by feedback from everyone’s use of the Energy Distribution Card.

The Energy Distribution Card 8 of 9

The Energy Distribution Card eliminates both the cause and the existence of all social work, charity, and philanthropy. It will reduce crime to but a small fraction of what exists today. That fraction will fall into the field of pathology. The reduction in crime will not be due to any change in “human nature,” but to the absence of objects of competitive “value” and the lack of gain to be had from crime, the element of a chance of “winning” or the risk of “losing” would disappear. In the Technological Continental Design, the means of distribution, based on the cost per unit produced and service provided, is not subject to fluctuations of “value.”

TECHNOLOGICAL ACCOUNTING

We find the card to be, then, a methodology of technological accounting -- which applies the same rigid measurement that our mass production of today employs, and has to employ, in its swiftly-moving flow lines of intricate equipment and varied products.

Inflation, deflation, fiat money, social dividends, currency markets, etc. are -- and have to be -- dismissed as instruments unsuitable for the distribution of an abundance (or sufficiency) of goods and services. Those instruments all presuppose a condition of scarcity with its corollaries of value: demand and supply, haphazard and meager flow of goods and services, and political interference superimposing control upon the functions of our national economies.

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Today, wealth is measured according to the possession of the medium of exchange (money). A person’s possessions may have originated through channels ethical or unethical, legal or illegal, socially detrimental or beneficial, but once in possession of the medium of exchange, the holder may apply it with little thought to social responsibilities, the only limiting factors being shrewdness, legalities (if caught doing something illegal), and the volume of money on hand. Under the system proposed by Technocracy, energy accounting would automatically exclude the possibility of abuses, legal or otherwise

THE ENERGY DISTRIBUTION CARD

The Energy Distribution Card is a way to measure what is consumed. In use, it becomes a dependable, invariable, and integral part of operations. By contrast, all mediums of exchange represent “values,” fictitious or only ostensibly based upon physical objects, distinctly apart from or merely a unit of the totality of operations. The medium of exchange must always be restricted to processes of evaluation and can never be a process of measurement

The Energy Distribution Card will not partake of that miraculous feature of a medium of exchange – expanding at a compound rate of interest; and it has nothing to do with that other convenient property of a medium of exchange that allows manipulation in such a manner as to result in a handsome multiplication of the leaven with which the first transaction is affected. We must mention here that the original nest egg may have been a borrowed one; so, to mix metaphors even further, the golden cow has been milked for its cream by the financial world Previously, that item which was scarcest and involved the largest expenditure of human effort was the highest in “value.”

Now, in a sea of “enough to go around,” one who stubbornly holds fast to a The Energy Distribution Card 9 of 9

social philosophy and “values” is much like the poor hen who with bewilderment watches the ducklings she has hatched take to the water. She herself lacks the webbed feet required for swimming and cannot understand such peculiar goings-on. As a case in point, let us consider one material without which no life can continue on this globe – air. Air has never been subjected to the operations of trading, financing, mortgaging,
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loaning, borrowing, evaluation, or any other manipulations of the Price System. Why? Because it’s bountiful supply has never permitted the creation of a demand. The characteristics of air can be duplicated with any other needed thing if we establish the requirement of “enough to go around.” (Now, we need to worry whether air will remain reasonably breathable.)

The Energy Distribution Card is the only instrument that can be used on the North American Continent’s emerging era of abundance The Injection of Monetary concepts into all discussions of natural wealth and income wholly confuses the people as to the actual issues at stake. Furthermore, it serves as a handy screen behind which, with a little juggling, the business-political operators of this Price System can continue their profitable activities without being too greatly embarrassed by outside influence. It is high time that the significance of national wealth and income be understood by every citizen on the North American Continent. -- Howard Scott http://surepost.com/igdtech/technocracy/pdf/THE_ENERGY_DISTRIBUTION_CARD.pdf http://www.technocracy.org/transition/energy-distribution-card/118-energy-distribution-card

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NBN, E‐HEALTH AND THE VERICHIP
Kevin Rudd's e-Health bill paves the way for PositiveID human implantable RFID microchips By Greg Nikolettos (about the author) opednews.com

From July 1st every single Australian will be branded with a unique, 1.16 digit identification number courtesy of Medicare Australia in accordance with Kevin Rudd's new e-health revolution. The stated purpose of this act 2."is to provide a way of ensuring that an entity that provides, or an individual who receives, healthcare is correctly matched to health information that is created when healthcare is provided." Understandably it is a simple transition from localized medical records to an online system, that would allow your medical records to be accessed by medical facilities all across Australia.

For many this would seem to be the perfect solution to holiday accidents and prevent any unnecessary delays when facing treatment from an uncommon doctor who would require any past medical records. If a doctor in a different state previously treated you, they would need to determine if any further treatments/medications could cause adverse reactions to a prescription you or your family might currently be on. Having access to your usual doctors detailed medical reports, anywhere in the country, might just be a life saver.

But is there more to it than meets the eye? There is indeed a surreptitious plan to set up the ground work for this system to progress seamlessly to implantable RFID microchips. All that would be required is a simple distribution of the PositiveID microchip and the necessary RFID scanners into the medical infrastructure the software side would already be functioning at full steam.

3."The Australian healthcare sector is a complex of public and private interests, hospital and community facilities, GP's, laboratories, health funds, professional associations, special interest groups and individual consumers". The introduction of this system would aim to revolutionize the way medical records are accessed and updated, ensuring every time it is accessed by a medical professional, the information is up to date and accurate. 4.Privacy advocates have lambasted the proposed bill quoting medical record privacy breaches, in 2007-2008 there were 234 serious accounts of this occurring yet 160 of these resulted in an emailed warning or counseling. If the Unique patient identification number was to go ahead, Australian Privacy Foundation chair Roger Clarke said "The situation will be many hundreds of times worse, as the HI database will ultimately be accessed by more than 600,000 medical providers and organizations".

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Knowing of the obvious security flaws that are inherent with a system of this scale, why does the Rudd government choose to bulldoze it into legislation? Could this in fact be the Hegelian dialectic at work? It could very well be a future road map that would lead to the more 'secure' method of accessing medical records via RFID implants as scores of complaints flood the media regarding security breaches and invasions of 'privacy'. Scott R. Silverman, chairman and CEO of PositiveID claims 5."In addition to helping consumers protect themselves from identity theft as it pertains to credit fraud, we are also focused on combating the growing problem of medical identity theft, which affects 7 percent of identity theft victims". How noble of Scott.

Lets move to the hardware side of things, as we already have established that Medicare is providing the 16 digit number. Why 16-digits? Introducing the PositiveID implantable RFID microchip. The microchip itself 6.contains only a 16-digit number that when scanned with a hand held reader, connects to a secure online database. The database houses the patient's identification information and personal health record data. The Council of Australian Governments even state themselves that 7."The identifiers are an important building block for the future introduction of a patient-controlled Individual Electronic Health Record". Scott R. Silverman states, on behalf of PositiveID, 8."we put consumers in charge of their own health information through a robust, patient-controlled interface." Interesting indeed.

9.It has been established already that IBM has seed funded PositiveID since inception, would it come as any surprise to you that 10.Medicare relies on IBM for its technology infrastructure and has just paid $189 million for a one-year extension on a services contract? Of course not. This is the most disturbing element, the very people designing and maintaining the system currently in use in Australia, are also the ones behind the PositiveID RFID microchip for humans.

Currently Microsoft and Google both have an e-health record management service. Microsoft's product is 'MS HealthVault', Google's is simply 'Google Health'. 11.Both of these services are fully interoperable with PositiveID's RFID microchip. 12.Microsoft has already made a submission to the national health and hospitals reform commission (NHHRC) and proposed an electronic health record system for the improvement of Australia's healthcare. 13.Google isn't far behind in the race either, with CEO Eric Schmidt stating that he "hopes to deliver Google Health to Australia by the end of the year". Staying true to the science of gradualism, we are having an information cage slowly erected around us and we won't know until it is too late to do anything about it. Maybe the implantable RFID microchips are coming sooner rather than later, we do know that they will be introduced for the purpose of cost efficiency and 'reliability' of patient identification, perhaps a failed e-health system could provide the perfect chaos to accommodate an implantable RFID solution. What we wont be told is that it will simply be a 'plug in' upgrade to our existing infrastructure, meaning a rapid deployment nation wide. To some money minded bureaucratic sell outs, this is an extremely easy system to sell to an uneducated public.

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Australians have already researched the 'benefits' of implantable microchips in a published article titled 14."Lend me your arms: the use and implications of humancentric RFID". The article suggests that social and ethical concerns "plague the technology" yet goes on to imply that "Initial adoption of the invasive technology has met with some success but any real assessment of the industry is prejudiced by the commercial monopoly of the VeriChip Corporation [now known as PositiveID]".

"Security and convenience are generic wants" and "Care-related humancentric RFID devices provide unparalleled portability for medical records." To all the disbelievers that think the human microchipping agenda is light years away, think again, this article was published in 2006. I'm going to be keeping my eye on the Rudd governments new health plan, in particular the

15.$436 million dollars that has been proposed to deal with the rising number of diabetics just how much of this money is going to be used for a feasibility analysis of PositiveID's iGlucose system? 16."The iGlucose system is a standalone, self-contained unit that will automatically query a diabetic's data-capable glucometer for blood glucose data and send that data via encrypted SMS text messaging to an online database." The machine is well oiled and vigilance is needed, we are dealing with a company that has no qualms when it comes to 17.micro chipping Alzheimer patients with 18.cancer causing RFID microchips. There is going to be a huge, vulnerable market in the form of diabetic patients and with the 19.US government and now the 20.Australian government both trying to tackle the expanding financial burden that this disease places on both respective economies. You don't have to look too far for an 'easy' and 'cost effective' solution, especially with PositiveID ready to jump at any opportunity it can to 'help'.

NOTE: Legislation has been presented to Senators within Australia to prevent the mandatory implantation of humans, and it is sitting on their desks currently awaiting further action. Please contact your representatives and encourage them to introduce this into the senate and have it passed into law. For more information on the legislation itself there is a website found at http://www.wethepeoplewillnotbechipped.com/action/ that explains the process you will need to follow including a letter template and fact sheet.

By Ben Parry http://wethepeoplewillnotbechipped.com/

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References:

1 Patients have no choice - a health number ID for us all click here http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/news/patients-have-no-choice-a-health-number-id-for-usall/story-e6freuy9-1225831125547

2 Healthcare identifiers and privacy: Discussion paper on proposals for legislative support click here http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/pacd-ehealthconsultation/$File/Typeset%20discussion%20paper%20%20public%20release%20version%20070709.pdf

3 Healthcare Identifiers Bill 2010 click here;fileType%3Dapplication%2Fpdf http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/legislation/bills/r4299_first/toc_pdf/10027b01.p df

4 Medicare data breaches increase privacy fears click here http://www.theaustralian.com.au/australian-it/medicare-data-breaches-increase-privacyfears/story-e6frgakx-1225841101367 5 PositiveID's Latest Human Chip-Implant Scare Story: "Medical Identity Theft" 6 click here http://industry.bnet.com/pharma/10007567/positiveids-latest-human-chipimplant-scare-story-medical-identity-theft/

7 PositiveID: HealthID http://www.positiveidcorp.com/health-id.html

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8 Council of Australian Governments' Meeting click here=616596&CFTOKEN=68544706#ehealth http://www.coag.gov.au/coag_meeting_outcomes/2009-12-07/index.cfm?CFID

9 PositiveID Corporation's Identity Security Business Achieves Record Growth to 20,000 Active Subscribers click here=MW_news_stmp http://www.marketwatch.com/story/positiveid-corporations-identity-security-businessachieves-record-growth-to-20000-active-subscribers-2010-04-01?reflink

10Verichip is now called PositiveID! Roll up your sleeve for the implantable human microchip, it's now Positive? click here=33 http://www.wethepeoplewillnotbechipped.com/main/articles.php?article_id 11Medicare extends its long-standing contract with IBM for another year click here http://www.theaustralian.com.au/australian-it/medicare-extends-its-long-standing-contractwith-ibm-for-another-year/story-e6frgakx-1225850070857

12PositiveID Corporation's Identity Security Business Achieves Record Growth to 20,000 Active Subscribers click here=MW_news_stmp http://www.marketwatch.com/story/positiveid-corporations-identity-security-businessachieves-record-growth-to-20000-active-subscribers-2010-04-01?reflink

13SUBMISSION TO THE NATIONAL HEALTH AND HOSPITALS REFORM COMMISSION (NHHRC) click here http://www.health.gov.au/internet/nhhrc/publishing.nsf/Content/111mhv/$FILE/Submissions%20111%20-%20Microsoft%20Healthvault%20Submission.pdf

14Google CEO coughs up Australia Health plans click here,339028227,339287342,00.htm

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http://www.builderau.com.au/news/soa/Google-CEO-coughs-up-Australia-Healthplans/0,339028227,339287342,00.htm

15 Lend me your arms: the use and implications of humancentric RFID 16 http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1390&context=infopapers http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1390&context=infopapers

17Rudd plan a 'stimulus' to diabetes care click here http://news.ninemsn.com.au/health/1035321/rudd-plan-a-stimulus-to-diabetes-care

18PositiveID Corporation Launches iGlucose Second-Stage Product Development click here=454613 http://investors.positiveidcorp.com/releasedetail.cfm?ReleaseID=454613

19The Controversy Magnet: PositiveID "Chips" Alzheimer's Patients, Quite Possibly Without Permission click here http://industry.bnet.com/pharma/10007254/positiveids-ethics-lapse-in-study-of-alzheimerspatients-with-microchip-implants-will-fuel-critics-ire/

20Microchip Cancer Report http://www.rense.com/general79/micro.htm

21PositiveID Corporation Launches iGlucose Second-Stage Product Development click here=454613 http://investors.positiveidcorp.com/releasedetail.cfm?releaseid=454613

22Rudd injects $430m into diabetic care click here=justin http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/03/31/2861131.htm?section=justin

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http://www.wethepeoplewillnotbechipped.com/main/news.php The We the People will not be Chipped - No Verichip Inside Movement, is based on the irrefutable fact, that mankind has inalienable human rights that are absolute and can not be debased, nor perverted. Human life can not be degraded to a 16 digit (more...)

http://www.opednews.com/author/author27761.html The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author Source: accessed 22 September 2011-09-22 http://www.opednews.com/articles/Kevin-Rudd-s-e-Health-bill-by-Greg-Nikolettos-100408839.html

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Connecting the NBN to the Smart Grid:Smart Grid Smart Cities project
 

The next step in consolidating the Smart Grid Australia to the NBN and its system of optic fibers and Smart Meters lies with the integration project called Smart Grid Smart Cities. The following are the documents from the NBN's several press releases and related documents.

Smart Grid, Smart City The government has provided up to $100 million to the Smart Grid, Smart City69 initiative that will demonstrate an electricity system of the future—one that uses ICT to improve the efficiency of power production, delivery and use. The project will employ a mix of innovative technologies to demonstrate the potential of smart grids to manage peak electricity demand, identify and resolve faults on the grid, and help customers make informed choices about their energy use. The project, conducted in NSW’s Newcastle and the Hunter regions, is currently being rolled out. The energy utility Ausgrid is leading the industry consortium, which includes IBM Australia, GE Energy Australia, AGL Energy, Sydney Water, Hunter Water Australia, and Newcastle City Council.

The project will gather robust information about the costs and benefits of smart grids, and roll out Australia’s first commercial scale smart grid. Information gathered from the project will inform the business case for future deployment of smart grid technologies and applications and decisions by government, electricity providers, technology suppliers and consumers across Australia.

The proposed NBN synergy projects under the Smart Grid, Smart City project are:

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o

Project 1—Smart Home Digital Gateway. This project involves the design of a ‘smart meter base’ that could be used to consolidate an optical network termination unit and smart meter on to the same footprint, allowing use of NBN services for smart metering with minimal overhead.

o

Project 2—NBN Support for Smart Grid. This project involves a physical trial of NBN services used by Ausgrid meters for the delivery of both smart grid and smart metering applications. Subject to NBN Co’s endorsement and support, the trial would cover about 3000 homes/ endpoints. It would concern developing NBN Co’s service offerings relevant to an energy utility, associated business models and technical synergies. http://www.nbn.gov.au/ndes_site/ndes_section2-web-21.htm

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  NBN Co begins smart grid talks 

By James Hutchinson on Aug 31, 2011 7:47 AM Filed under Voice & Data

Network termination and smart grid.

NBN Co has kicked off preliminary talks with NSW electricity distributor Ausgrid over potential collaboration in the roll out of a smart grid and the fibre network across New South Wales.

A spokesman said the talks were led by its general manager of commercial networks Gareth Simmons. The talks, which extended to other distributors, concerned "possible testing of smart grid applications utilising the NBN as the communications network".

Managers at NBN Co and Ausgrid had previously sought cooperation in the rollout of smart grids and the national fibre network, including use of the same civil labour to roll out meters and customer premises devices. However, concerns remained on the electricity distributor side as to the cost of using the NBN for the minimal bandwidth requirements of a smart grid network. Closer negotiation of the two parties, however, could lead to changes in business models relevant to energy utilities. According to the government-run NBN website, potential points for synergy included a possible device that combined a smart meter used by the utility and an optical network termination unit used by NBN Co in the same package. Ausgrid, the distribution arm of the former NSW Government-owned EnergyAustralia, was last year awarded a $100 million Smart Grid, Smart City contract from the Federal Government to trial 50,000 smart meters at homes in Newcastle, the Hunter Valley, as well as western Sydney suburbs. It had begun rolling out a joint WiMAX and TD-LTE network across the state to support the deployment and provide communications between smart meters at homes, back-end equipment and mobile field computers used by service personnel.

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The private communications network included rolling out 140 base stations and 800 kilometres of fibre optic cable to support the backhaul. A consultant in the negotiations, IBM chief architect Chris Pavolvski, had personally pushed for continued talks around the synergies between the smart grid rollout and NBN with hopes of providing examples to similar rollouts. "You've got such a big broadband pipe there, you've got plenty of room because it's only small amounts of data," he told iTnews.

"The opportunity to leverage infrastructure or internet use at home as well as metering technology is certainly there." IBM was one of a consortium of vendors used as part of Ausgrid's bid for the national smart grid trial. Smart grids to smart cars Pavlovski had pushed for investigation of a third potential application for the synergy between NBN Co and Ausgrid, rolling out the smart grids to focus on establishment of fast-charge stations for electric vehicles.

He said the broadband network, in collaboration with further subsidisation of solar power grids on homes and buildings, could help to encourage the proliferation of electric vehicle take-up. The NBN would be used to provide the communications needed between the utility and photovoltaic grids set up at fast-charge stations or carparks.

"We need this distribution monitoring and control so we can route the power loads... and attend to repairs and outages," he said. However, distributors had so far failed to adequately plan for the advent of electric or hybrid vehicles. New South Wales itself was home to few electric charging stations. Those that did exist were primarily for private use, including some installed by motoring group the NRMA and a single station in the Sydney central business district to serve a three-year trial of five Mitsubishi i MiEV hybrid vehicles by the NSW Government.

"I think it's on the plan but it's not their number one priority," Pavlovski said. "Most distributors probably view this as, 'In two years' time, we'll have five percent market saturation'.

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"Really this is not how technology is typically [adopted], particularly disruptive technology. It's typically overnight, when consumers want something and they'll buy it en masse. We've seen it in cassette taps to CD, or VHS tapes to DVD." http://www.crn.com.au/News/268620,nbn-co-begins-smart-grid-talks.aspx http://www.nbn.gov.au/environment/government-initiatives/smart-grid-smart-city-initiative/ Full document: Smart Grid New Direction http://www.ret.gov.au/energy/Documents/smart-grid/smartgrid-newdirection.pdf

Accessed date 18 September 2011

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Install NBN and smart grid as one: NBN Co
ZDNet / NBN / Story Install NBN and smart grid as one: NBN Co By Josh Taylor, ZDNet.com.au on November 16th, 2010

Smart grid technology and the National Broadband Network (NBN) could potentially be rolled out at the same time, according to NBN Co's general manager of design and planning Peter Ferris. Peter Ferris (Credit: Josh Taylor/ZDNet Australia) Speaking to energy and technology executives at the IQPC second national Smart Grids Forum in Sydney this morning, Ferris said that a single roll-out for both the NBN and a smart grid network would offer many advantages. "There seems to me to be a large amount of synergy between these two projects and if we didn't make use of it, and we didn't optimise and maximise the returns from various planning decisions along the path then we would be somewhat negligent in giving the taxpayers and customers the best return on what they would have on the money that is being spent on this project," he said. Right from the outset, a sharing of work resources wouldn't be too difficult for NBN Co and energy companies, he said. "If you're going out there to install a device on a premise that is actually an electronic meter, then the activity to install an optical network terminating unit is a relatively similar sort of activity," he said. "There's lots of people that have started out as a cabler, as an engineer worker, as a telecommunications worker that have got their electricians licence as well to do power work. There's lots of power workers who now do structured cabling and data cabling." Ferris said a joint project would also offer benefits for both companies down the line, with NBN Co technology able to utilise smart grid technology and vice versa. "From our particular perspective it would be really good to have network terminal units that are grid-side powered that the home-owner or the people living in the premise have no control over so they don't turn the damn things off," he said. NBN Co is meeting with electricity providers on a monthly basis, Ferris said, but he encouraged further participation from the energy industry in the consultation process. "To be blunt, we don't get a lot of feedback from the power companies. So it's very good if you all speak up," he said.

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However, timing is a critical factor, Ferris said, because NBN Co has to ensure a certain amount of the network is rolled out before the next federal election. There were also issues of cost to be addressed. "We still have to provide a cost-effective build. So again, there's various issues of how we do that," he said. "How we ensure that the costs that we incur to put out the network terminal units are not blown out by having to provide a smart grid installation at the same time." Ferris said the company would also have to determine what would happen if a home wanted smart grid technology but didn't want to take up a service from NBN Co.

http://www.zdnet.com.au/install-nbn-and-smart-grid-as-one-nbn-co-339307288.htm Access date 13 Sept 2011

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THE MISSING PIECE: NBN'S SECRET VENUS PROJECT
THE VENUS PROJECT AND THE NBN REINVENTNG TECHNOCRACY IN THE 21st CENTURY Update 16 July 2011 The Promise of technocratic socialist utopia or Global Digital Leviathan? The general thrust of the NBN is to create a fully wired, automated, and controlled city. This is referred in government literature as "SMART GRID SMART CITY". The concept is to wire up by way of optic fibers the entire with a network of cables and wireless systems to monitor, regulate, power and control the City systems to the finest detail. The designer of the Venus Project, a fully digitized and centrally planned Smart City. It uses the concepts of the Smart Grid, DESERTEC and central planning concepts by the Club of Rome, the intellectual heir to Technocracy Inc. BIBLIOGRAPHY ACCESS 16/07/2011 Man Site: The Venus Project -Energy http://www.thevenusproject.com/en/technology/energy -City Systems http://www.thevenusproject.com/en/technology/city-systems - Venus Project's Aims and Proposals http://www.thevenusproject.com/en/the-venus-project-introduction/aims-proposals -About Jacque Fresco http://www.thevenusproject.com/en/jacque-fresco/resume

-The Technocracy Movement http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technocracy_Movement * * *

The Smart Grid Smart Cities plan Intelligent design: implementing the Smart Grid, Smart City project
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Intelligent design: implementing the Smart Grid, Smart City project EcoGeneration — July/August 2011 The foundations for the Smart Grid, Smart City project are well underway, with the installation of more than 200 sensors and the construction of all 4G wireless communication sites either completed or underway. The Australian Government’s Smart Grid, Smart City initiative, which is being delivered by a consortium led by Ausgrid, is a three-year, $100 million program that will demonstrate Australia's first fully-integrated smart grid. The program is about using new energy technology to give electricity networks and households across Australia more information and control over electricity use, costs and carbon emissions.

http://ecogeneration.com.au/news/intelligent_design_implementing_the_emsmart_grid_smart _city_em_project/061603/

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Smart Grid Australia on Smart Cities, Power Utilities and the NBN SGA welcomes NBN developments Smart Grid Australia welcomes the significant progress that has been made with the signing of the definite agreement between Telstra and the Government. With the NBN now firmly moving forwards the opportunities for smart grids are firming up. Smart Grid Australia and NBN Co have a work group relationship where such issues can be discussed. The NBN legislation also enables NBN to work directly with the electricity companies to interconnect their networks. Just like existing carriers arrangements, electricity companies will have to become carriers if they offer communications services to their customers.

Increasingly the focus of the industry is moving towards ‘The Internet of Things’ and smart grids are seen as one of the largest elements of this new development. Increasingly names such as ‘Super Grids’ and Super Intergrid’ are popping up in industry papers. The development of IPv6 is also getting the attention of the electricity industry as this IP address system would allow them to make every sensor in the network and every power point in the home an IP addressable element of the grid. http://www.smartgridaustralia.com.au/

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GREENTECHGRID

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EnergyAustralia Wins $100M Smart Grid, Smart City Project

Australia’s largest electric utility will lead a multi-city demonstration of various smart grid technologies. EnergyAustralia Wins $100M Smart Grid, Smart City Project The Australian government has announced that the country's largest energy supplier and retailer, EnergyAustralia, will lead a $100 million "Smart Grid, Smart City" project in the state of New South Wales that will begin later this year. The project will be a little bit of everything when it comes to smart grid, from substation automation and charging stations for electric vehicles to home area networks and time-of-use pricing.

http://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/energyaustralia-wins-100m-smart-grid-smartcity-project/

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Smart Grid Smart City Project

Tuesday, 8 June 2010 Smart Grid, Smart City initiative

The Federal Government announced yesterday that TransGrid is part of the winning team selected for $100 million in Federal Government climate change funding for the Smart Grid, Smart Cities Project.

TransGrid, together with EnergyAustralia, CSIRO, IBM Australia, AGL, GE Energy, Newcastle City Council and the NSW Government will deliver Australia's first commercialscale smart grid.

For more information, please click on the links below:

Department of Climate Change - Newcastle to be Australia's first Smart Grid Smart City AusGrid - Hunter and Sydney to become international Smart Grid showcase
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Energy Networks Association - Smart Grid Smart City Winner

http://www.transgrid.com.au/mediaweb/articles/Pages/TransGridtoundertakeSmartGridSmart CityProject.aspx

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NBN Co Limitd

Smart Grid, Smart City initiative

Home Environment Government initiatives Smart Grid, Smart City initiative The government has provided up to $100 million to the Smart Grid, Smart City initiative that will demonstrate an electricity system of the future—one that uses ICT to improve the efficiency of power production, delivery and use.

The project will employ a mix of innovative technologies to demonstrate the potential of smart grids to manage peak electricity demand, identify and resolve faults on the grid, and help customers make informed choices about their energy use. The project, conducted in NSW’s Newcastle and the Hunter regions, is currently being rolled out. The energy utility Ausgrid is leading the industry consortium, which includes IBM Australia, GE Energy Australia, AGL Energy, Sydney Water, Hunter Water Australia, and Newcastle City Council.

The project will gather robust information about the costs and benefits of smart grids, and roll out Australia’s first commercial scale smart grid. Information gathered from the project will inform the business case for future deployment of smart grid technologies and applications and decisions by government, electricity providers, technology suppliers and consumers across Australia.

The proposed NBN synergy projects under the Smart Grid, Smart City project are:
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Project 1 – Smart Home Digital Gateway. This project involves the design of a ‘smart meter base’ that could be used to consolidate an optical network termination unit and smart meter on to the same footprint, allowing use of NBN services for smart metering with minimal overhead.

Project 2 – NBN Support for Smart Grid. This project involves a physical trial of NBN services used by Ausgrid meters for the delivery of both smart grid and smart metering applications. Subject to NBN Co’s endorsement and support, the trial would cover about 3000 homes/endpoints. It would concern developing NBN Co’s service offerings relevant to an energy utility, associated business models and technical synergies.

http://www.nbn.gov.au/environment/government-initiatives/smart-grid-smart-city-initiative/

DOWNLOAD/VIEW

SMART GRID SMART CITY: GRAND GUIDELINES

http://www.docstoc.com/docs/21657691/Smart-Grid-Smart-City---Grant-Guidelines---Word

Smart Grid Australia (SGA) Press Release:

Smart Grid Australia provided the vision for the Smart Grid/Smart City project

In 2009 Smart Grid Australia presented its vision and ideas to the government in relation to what is now known as the Smart Grid/Smart City Project (SGSC). The project was so well received by the government that it doubled the proposed funding to $100 million. The aim is to link 9,500 homes to a smart grid during the period 2010-2013. The project was awarded to a consortium and is expected to deliver many valuable lessons and highlight key issues to be considered in the deployment of Smart Grid solutions across Australia.

Click here to download the document SGA Media Release
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http://smartgridaustralia.com.au/SGA/Documents/SGA_Media_Release.pdf

http://www.smartgridaustralia.com.au/ Ecogeneration - News- Intelligent Design Implementing The EM Smart Grid Smart City Project http://ecogeneration.com.au/news/intelligent_design_implementing_the_emsmart_grid_smart _city_em_project/061603/

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