A dominant tenement is a real estate parcel which benefits from an easement on an adjoining property.

For example, in a situation where the residents of a property access a public road by using a drive which crosses a neighboring property, their property is the dominant tenement, because they are the beneficiaries of the easement which is designed to ensure that their parcel is accessible. People may also use terms like “dominant parcel” and “dominant estate” to refer to dominant tenements.

In land law, easements are permanently attached to pieces of real property and they vary in nature. The land which is obliged to provide the easement is known as the servient tenement, estate, or parcel. Dominant tenements may take advantage of things like utility easements, public access easements, and so forth. Without the easement, the functionality of the dominant tenement might be radically altered, perhaps most markedly in cases where properties do not have a way to access a public road. servient estate n. real property which has an easement or other use imposed upon it in favor of another property (called the "dominant estate"), such as right of way or use for access to an adjoining property or utility lines. The property giving usage is

the servient estate, and the property holding usage of the easement is the dominant estate.

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