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Unit VI The Basic Solution Techniques

Finite difference method (FDM) is a numerical scheme used for solving heat transfer problems.

One dimensional steady state heat conduction using FDM

and

Therefore the conduction equation become

Above equation is called as finite difference form of heat conduction equation Boundary conditions Three types of boundary conditions are applied in finite difference representations 1. Prescribed temperature boundary conditions

2. Prescribed heat flux boundary conditions Let q0 and qx are heat fluxes entering the medium through the boundaries at x=0 and x=L The energy balance for the differential volume at nodes m=0 and m=M is

For insulated or symmetry boundary conditions, we have above equations become

The

3. Convection boundary conditions

Problems on 1-dimensional steady state heat conduction

1.

for node 1 to 4 for node 5 Node 5 equation is rewritten as

Applying Gauss elimination method, we get temperatures as

is

2.

Solution: The governing differential equation is

temperature boundary for insulated tip boundary

The finite difference equations become

Applying Gauss elimination method, we get

The exact solution is obtained from

Heat flow rate

Two dimensional steady state heat conduction

The finite difference forms of the second derivatives of temperatures at a node ( m, n) are

Therefore, the governing equation become

----1

For the nodes with curved, boundary the equation become -----2

1 Boundary conditions

Problems on 2-D steady state heat conduction 1.

2.