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14 Days Step by Step Perfect Puppy Training Guide

14 Days Step by Step Perfect Puppy Training Guide

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Published by Sheryl L Maiorano
puppies are wonderful, but unruly, untrained puppies often end up at the pound. This guide gives you a step by step plan to train your puppy to be a loved and loving member of the family
puppies are wonderful, but unruly, untrained puppies often end up at the pound. This guide gives you a step by step plan to train your puppy to be a loved and loving member of the family

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Published by: Sheryl L Maiorano on Sep 08, 2013
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14 Days Step by Step Perfect Puppy Training Guide

Introduction Chapter One: You and your puppy – a welcomed addition to the family                             Proper home care for your puppy Training equipment that may come in handy Other Necessary Equipment Puppy nutrition Balanced diets Good feeding habits Choosing the Food Treats Potty training – a necessary evil Your puppy needs exercise A collar and leash may be your best friend Training Classes Training Equipment Instill discipline in your puppy Improving your puppy’s socialization skills Teaching your puppy Prepare for emergencies Basic commands Basic tricks to help keep your puppy alert Safety in the parks and playgrounds Protection from other hazards Secure your backyard Vaccines Choosing a veterinarian Pet Insurance Common Ailments in Puppies Chart the Growth Social Media

Chapter Two: You are in charge – be the pack leader

Chapter Three: Tips to keeping your puppy healthy

Chapter Four: Now to the tricks!

Chapter Five: Safety First

Chapter Six: Miscellaneous ideas you may want to keep in mind

Conclusion

Introduction
The day you bring your new puppy into your home is an exciting time. You are bringing home a new member of your family and you expect that everything will be perfect. That happiness can quickly disappear when your puppy starts to misbehave. It is not the puppy’s fault, they do not know any better. It is up to the puppy’s owner to teach them how they need to behave. This guide will help provide the information that you need to make your home a happy place for the newest member of your family. The step by step guide will take you through the basics of how to train your puppy, and what to expect from the puppy. It will also offer you a variety of options for you to consider t hat will help both your puppy and you. You should not wait to teach your puppy how to behave. It needs to begin from the time that you bring them into your home. If you read this guide before you get your puppy, it will help you know what to expect. If your puppy is already in your home, it is not too late. The information will still be useful for both you and your puppy.

Chapter One: You and your puppy – a welcomed addition to the family
It is definitely an exciting time for your family – having a new puppy to fuss over can have that effect on you. It is a fun time to remember and cherish. There are certain things that need to be done right before you take your puppy to his new home. This will make the transition to home life much easier and smoother. Raising a puppy is not very different from raising a child. You will not do everything perfectly. It is okay to make mistakes as long as you learn from them. With a little help, a little guidance and a whole lot of love, you will raise a great puppy into adulthood. Up to this point in your puppy’s life, he has been with his mother and other litter in a sterile environment. To make the transition smooth, it is advisable to make sure that your puppy’s immediate environment in your home be sterile as well. The first week of your puppy’s home life should be quiet and idyllic. This does not mean your puppy should not be allowed to explored and meet other family members. Now is a good time to start teaching him stuff like his name, how to relieve himself in an area designated for that

purpose as well as leaning how to keep him on a leash. Learn how to supervise you puppy as this is very important this first few weeks. You may even talk to yo ur puppy. Experts say it helps!

Proper home care for your puppy
Expect the first few nights of your puppy being home to be little challenging. Your puppy may sometimes feel the pangs of loneliness and may whine as a result. He has been removed from familiar surroundings, so this is to be expected. There are a few things you can do to care more for your puppy and make his initial stay less challenging. 1. Make sure your puppy’s sleeping quarter is in a small crate. Although your puppy will grow rapidly, you do not want to get a crate that is too large. It will not be comfortable for the puppy that is adjusting to a new environment. 2. This crate should be kept near your bed in a draft free area. It is important to get attuned to his cries at this point. If he cries, take him out to a relieving area and afterwards put him back into his crate. This is not the best time to start giving him treats or offer play time. He should get right back to sleep afterwards. 3. Get your puppy a stuffed toy. The best toy to give is a stuffed Dog toy. This toy will serve as his littermate and keep him company. 4. Never take your puppy to bed with you. This will help you avoid future headaches and bad habits. Learn to keep him in his crate.

Training equipment that may come in handy
It is not too early at this point to consider buying training equipment for your puppy. There are several types of training equipment that can be got easily from the stores to help tone your puppy’s muscles. Consider having training activities about 3 -4 times per week. The inherent benefits of training equipments are:       Improved body and sensory awareness Increased reaction and control Strengthening and increase of the trunk Stabilization, especially in weak areas of the body Elongation of the muscles and overall increase in the motion of the joints Improved balance and perception

Other Necessary Equipment
A trip to the pet store can provide you with plenty of things that they say your puppy will need. You can easily spend a lot of money on things that you will never use. There are some other pieces of equipment that can come in very handy when you are dealing with your new puppy.  Travel crates – In addition to the crate that you use in the puppy’s bedroom, a crate that you can use when you are in a car is very useful. This will keep the puppy from being hurt whenever they are riding in the car. You would never allow your child to drive without a seatbelt. Keep your puppy safe as well. A bathtub – You can clean your puppy in your bathtub, but a separate tub may make the bathing experience easier. Your puppy will get dirty, so have the tub handy when you are ready to bathe him. Food and water bowls – These may seem obvious, but there are plenty of choices that you will find. It is important for the puppy to quickly learn where their food and water supply is and the right type of bowls will help identify this.

Child gates – These are needed to keep your puppy out of places in your home where you do not want them. The gates are the best way to train a puppy about where they are allowed. Microchip – This device is implanted in your puppy. If the puppy is lost, they can be located using the microchip. This should be done as soon as possible when bringing a puppy home.

Grooming Supplies – It is never too early to get your puppy used to being groomed. Brushes, toothbrushes and doggie shampoo are some of the things that you will need to keep your puppy looking good. Exercise equipment – A walk is a great way for a puppy to get exercise, but they need more than that provides. The type of equipment that you can get will depend on the size of your home. Dog runs and toys that induce activity are the best way to allow your puppy to get the exercise they need.

Pooper Scooper and Doggy Doo bags – When you do take a dog for a walk, make sure you have something to pick up the poo that they leave behind. It is the right thing to do and your neighbors will appreciate using this piece of equipment

Clothing – If you want to dress up your dog, make sure the clothing you choose fits. In cold environments, it might be necessary to provide clothing to keep your dog warm. Remember that you puppy will grow quickly and that you will need to make sure that the clothing you have is not too tight.

Chapter Two: You are in charge – be the pack leader
You should be the center of your puppy’s world. Make this known to him early by being the one that brings him his food, take him out exercises and walks, and also be the one that teaches him to do things. The most important however is feeding. Once you have established that connection with your puppy as his care giver you have strengthened the bond between you both.

Puppy Nutrition
Puppies just like human babies are growing rapidly. Their muscles, organs and bones are forever taking shape and as such they need extra nutrients in other to fuel this rapid growth. You should start your puppy on solid food by the 4 th week of life. This is mainly because they are no longer able to get the calories they need from their mother’s milk alone. If you are going to feed him dry food, be sure to moisten it first until it feels spongy before giving it to him. When it comes to selecting high quality puppy food, your veterinarian should be able to recommend something. In the first 6 months of life, the nutrient needs of your puppy are forever changing rapidly. Your best bet would be to ask your veterinarian for recommendations since he is most experienced with puppies and will likely recommend what would be most helpful for your puppy.

Balanced Diets
The type of balanced diets that will suit your puppy’s need will need to comply with the standards set forth by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). When purchasing your puppy foods, be sure to check the label to make sure it conforms to AAFCO nutrient guidelines. Any food you purchase should be able to state in the labels the life stage for which the food is most suited for. If any food is labeled for “growth” or “for all stages of life”, it is probably a good choice for your puppy.

It is time to access your puppy after feeding him a particular food for 6 weeks. If he is playful and energetic with a thick shiny coat, then he is probably digesting all his nutrients an there are no cause for alarm. His feces at this point should be brownish.

Good feeding habits
Puppies should be able to feed at least thrice a day until they are at least 6 months old. After 6 months, feeding him for at least twice a day is normal. Remember to make use of feeding guides on the labels of foods. Adjust the amount of food available to your puppy weekly; this will help keep him in optimal condition. Puppies need lots of calories in other to fuel their growth. It is best to evaluate you puppy’s body conditioning score to make sure he is getting the right amount of nutrients. In some special circumstances, it is possible for large bred dogs to develop skeletal and joint problems. These conditions can be worsened by overfeeding. In other words, if your puppy is a Great Dane, Labrador retriever or even a Doberman pinscher, do not over feed him. There are puppy foods made exclusively for such large bred dogs which are usually designed to control growth. This makes such foods a little lower in calcium and phosphorus than other puppy foods but rich in fiber.

Choosing the Food
There are hundreds of varieties of food that you can choose from to feed your puppy. Dry food, wet food, dry food that can be served wet are just some of the choices. You can choose a name brand dog food or you can save money by choosing a generic dog food. How are you supposed to know which is best? Before you decide on the brand of food for your puppy, you need to decide whether you want dry food or wet food. There are pluses and minuses to both of these foods.   Cost – dry food is typically less costly than wet food. The type of food you can buy may depend on your budget. Storage- When you buy a bag of dry food, you can put it into a container with a lid. The food will be good for several months. Wet food is not as easy to store. Once the can has been opened, it will have to be used in a fairly short time. You can store an opened can in the refrigerator to extend its life. The length of time that you can keep the food will also affect the amount of money that you spend on food.

Nutrients. Wet food can be over ¾ water. It will pass through the dog very quickly. This means that the puppy will not always absorb all of the nutrition that they should with wet food. Dry food takes longer for the puppy to digest. This allows them to absorb more of the nutrients in the food. Dental Health- Dry food can help a puppy clean their teeth, Wet food can be trapped in the teeth.

Some people might think that a moist food would be a good compromise for peop le who cannot decide between wet or dry food. Studies have shown that this type of food is higher in preservatives and salt and may not be as healthy for the puppy as the other types of food. It is best to stay with either wet food or dry food. Another option would be to use a combination of wet and dry food. One meal of wet food followed by two meals of dry food could be the right combination for some puppies. It is a good idea to consult with your vet to find out what the best combination of food will be for your puppy. The brand of your food is a matter of personal choice. They are similar, but you can choose a brand based on the price, the ingredients or the reputation of the manufacturer. Be aware of what is in the food and whether it contains natural ingredients or not. There have been reports in the past of food that made dogs ill. It was not manufactured properly and has been removed from the market. You need to be aware of any stories you see about contaminated food products.

Treats
Dogs love treats and puppies are no exception. Treats can be used as rewards for good behavior or they can be offered to help supplement the puppy’s health. It is important not to overdo the treats. You also do not want to use table food for treats. If a puppy gets used to eating food from the table, it is a hard habit to break. You can choose from different types of treats. The hard treats can be used to help promote dental health. Treats can also be used to help with doggy breath. When choosing treats, follow the same guidelines you use for introducing any new type of food to the puppy’s diet.  Make sure that you give it enough time to evaluate how the puppy handles the treat

   

Stay away from the moist treats that are high in salt and preservatives

Do not overdo the treats. A puppy should not fill themselves up on the treats Choose the treats that are appropriate for your puppy’s size Keep them in a place the puppy cannot get to

Chapter Three: Tips to keeping your puppy healthy
So you have finally decided you have the most adorable pet in the whole world until you found his piddle right in your furniture or in the middle of your living room carpet. This is when you begin to realize it is a big responsibility owning and maintaining a dog. You need to prepare yourself fast for such eventualities and others.

Potty training – a necessary evil
The best ways to potty train your puppy to be attentive and pay attention to particular details. The first step is to make sure your puppy is always within your sight. This is where having baby gates is important so as to keep your puppy from wandering around the house. If you happen to notice your puppy sniffing around or see him squat, quickly scoop him up and take him out side to relieve himself. Also if you just finished feeding your puppy, take him outside to go potty about 10 minutes later. A thing about puppies is that they will always need to go potty after eating or drinking. So be prepared for that. This also means you should be able to control what your puppy eats and when he eats it. This gives you a greater measure of control over his potty. When you take him outside after eating, remember not use this time to play with him. Stand around and wait for him to go. In cases when you are probably occupied or need to go to work, you need to consider crate training your puppy. This ensures the safety of your puppy or extended periods of time when you are not able to take care of him. It is equally important chose a crate that is large enough for your puppy to give him room to play. Crates should never be used as forms of punishment. Always remember to take him out to go potty before putting him in his crate. Soon your puppy will learn to hold it while he is in his crate until you are ready to take him out to go potty.

When it comes to potty and crate training, consistency and repetition are the way to go. When potty training, always use the same exit door and take to him a particular spot in the backyard. He will come to associate this spot with potty. When he becomes more independent, he will learn to go potty in this area on his own. You may also consider using potty training pads. They have lined pads that are scented to attract puppies to potty on them. Learn to leave clean potty training pad near the door you want the puppy to use as this will help alert you when he needs to go. There are certain words you can use to help your puppy associate these words in potty. You may consider saying “Go potty, good boy! Good potty!" this way you are training him to understand what needs to be done and when. Remember to praise your puppy anytime he goes potty in the appropriate area. Dogs are pleasers they always want to please their masters. Praising your puppy will encourage him throughout the process.

Your puppy needs exercise
Maintaining a daily dose of exercise is good for your puppy’s physical and mental well -being. Exercise can help avert life threatening disease like arthritis and help your puppy lea a more fulfilled life. Just like humans, dogs are prone to obesity related diseases. Exercises help to keep him healthy. It is good for his mental health as this will help curb destructive tenancies like incessant chewing, digging and nonstop barking. The amount of exercise you give to your puppy will depend on his stamina, health condition and age. Rigorous exercises should be suspended until he is of age. Some dogs like Dalmatians, Labrador retrievers, Border collies and Jack Russell terriers are built more for exercise than others. Generally, your puppy needs 5 minutes of exercise per month of age up to twice a day. What this simply means is that your 3 month old puppy will need a total of 15 minutes of exercise and at 4 months, he will need 20 minutes of exercise. The type of exercises you engage your puppy in should include a variety of activities like swimming, playing with dog exercise balls, and going for short walks on a leash. If you puppy is tired, allow him to rest before starting over. If he does not resume walking, please carry him home as he may be over tired. Your puppy will generally feel happier and sleep better at night after good doses of exercise.

A collar and leash may be your best friend
Collars and leashes allow you to have a better control of your puppy especially when going for walks. It helps in teaching skills and discipline to your puppy. There are different types of leashes available for your leash. Before you make the choice of what type of leash to use, consider which ones better serve your needs.  If you are thinking of taking your puppy for walks in the park, the flexi- lead leashes are your best bet. It helps the puppy be able to explore away from you. The length means your puppy can have a measure of independence while still under your custody. However, using this type of leash is not a good idea if you are in an area with high foot traffic or off- leash dogs. This is because the line may wrap around your puppy’s necks or around a person or another dogs leg.  Chain leashes look really nice and are good for puppies who like to tug and bite the leash. However, metal leash are much heavier than you think; they are heavier than nylon or the leather.  The use of leather leashes are encouraged because they are the easiest to hold on the hands.  If you are considering going for nylon leashes, be aware that they can cut into the hands or even give your puppy a “leash burn”. The good thing going for nylon leashes is that they hold up well after repeated exposure to the elements.

Training Classes
There are plenty of people that can train their puppy on their own. There is nothing wrong with this. If you are confident in your ability to train your puppy, go for it. It is a fun experience that you and your puppy will remember. The bonds you form with your puppy while training t hem can last a lifetime. But what do you do if you are not sure how to train your puppy? Where can you turn? Training classes can be done as early as 6 weeks. It is a good idea to wait until the puppy is a little older before enrolling in any classes. Most classes can be done for puppies up to one year old. There are solutions for people who need help potty training and leash training their dog. You can find experts who will teach you how to be the pack leader. The choices you have include instructional videos, online support, books and classes. You need to figure out which one of these will fit in your schedule and your budget.

You will find many places that offer training classes for both you and your puppy. You need to understand that you are an important part of the equation when it comes to training your puppy. When you look for classes, you can check several different places     Your veterinarian may be able to provide recommendations about the classes you need The local animal shelter may offer classes or will know places that do The local pet store may offer classes or will have a list of trainers that offer the classes Friends and relatives could provide the recommendations that you need

When you are looking for classes you will need to make sure that you will be able to make it to the classes with your puppy. You can turn over all of the training of your puppy to another person, but how will your puppy recognize you as the pack leader when you do this. The classes will not only teach your puppy what to do, it will also teach you the techniques you need for your puppy. Many classes require the person accompanying the dog to be at least 16 years old. Check this requirement before enrolling in any class. Once you have signed up for the class, make sure you attend. It is in you and your puppy’s best interest to attend all of the classes so that the training is done consistently. Instructional videos can be an alternative to people who cannot find a class that they can attend. You can use these videos when they are convenient for them. They are very effective if they are used correctly. Consistency is the key to using videos. Try to do the training at the same time on a regular basis. Keep the training environment similar so that the puppy will know that it is time to learn. The downside of videos is the inability to get feedback from the experts who made the videos. You will have to rely on yourself to make sure that the techniques you are doing are working. You can use books in the same way that you use the videos. The techniques that you learn in the books can be taught to your puppy. The support that is offered with books is not very good. You may not be sure if you are doing things right. The only way you can tell is by the behavior of your puppy. If you are getting the behavior that you want, you will know that you are doing it right. Online resources for training can include videos and written material. This is a combination of the videos and books that may be more comprehensive than using one method. You will also have access to support person’s to help guide you as you train your puppy.

It does not matter what method of training classes you turn to. Both you and your puppy will benefit from what they are teaching. It is a great way to start your puppy off on the right track in your home.

Training Equipment
One of the keys to training is to have the right equipment for the job. When you have the right equipment, you will find that training the puppy is much easier and is much more effective. There are many types of equipment that you can choose for to help you with your training.   Collars that prevent pulling – Often referred to as choke collars or pinch collars, these will discourage a dog from pulling on the leash as they are walking. Electronic Fences – These consist of two parts. A wire that is buried in the ground and creates a fence perimeter and a color that will shock the dog when they go over the wire. It can teach a puppy what the boundaries of a property are. Dog Whistles – These have been sued for a long time. The high pitch can heard by a dog, but not by a human. A puppy can be taught to respond to the whistle in the way that you want. Doggy bathrooms – The use of carpeting and fake grass to teach a puppy to do their business in a specific area may take time to work, but it can be done. People used to put down old newspapers, but there are now pieces of equipment that are much better.

There is all sorts of equipment that you can use to help you train your puppy. The best piece of equipment in the end is your time. If you give that to your puppy, you will get the best results. Al of the other stuff may help, but your time will always work.

Chapter Four: Now to the tricks!
Instill discipline in your puppy
You puppy is prone to several disciplinary problems due to no fault of his. It is usually good to start early to teach him basic disciplinary skills that will help him develop. Instilling discipline in your puppy will also save you pains later on. HOWLING

Howling is a form of vocal communication used by dogs. This they do in other to attract attention and also announce their presence to the outside world. Howling can easily get irritating and your puppy may fall into this habit to your irritation. If your puppy is howling, it is good to rule out problems first. For example, if your dog’s howling is done at times when you are at work, it means, he is suffering from separation anxiety. Some puppies and by extension dogs often howl when they are sick. So you should rule out these situations before deciding to discipline your dog for howling. If your dog is sick, take him to a veterinarian immediately. If your puppy’s howling is caused by a trigg er like the sound of a passing siren, the howling will usually stop when the siren passes. This type of howling usually isn’t excessive. If and when howling becomes excessive, you need to learn some desensitization and counter conditioning (DSCC) techniques to help him stop. DSCC helps to treat fears, aggression, anxiety and phobias. There are people trained in using these techniques to quell bad behavior in puppies. Inquire from your veterinarian of the availability of such an expert near you. It is good to bear in mind that any animal behaviorist chosen to look at your puppy be professionally certified. DESTRUCTIVE CHEWING AND BITING Chewing and bite are normal process of growing in puppies. You should expect your puppy to sometimes bite and chew his way around. However, it becomes a problem when chewing and biting becomes destructive. The first thing to do is to decide the root cause of your puppy’s chewing problem. The number one reason may be separation anxiety and a way to relieve boredom. If your puppy, whines, chews, barks, urinates, is restless, paces when he is left alone, it is a sign that he is anxious and lonely. Sometimes, your dog may bark and chew when he is hungry. In this case, it is a sign that you should feed him immediately. If your puppy sucks at fabrics for protracted periods of time, it is sign that he may have been weaned too early. You may have to consider seeing an animal behaviorist to fix this problem. Again, it may also be that your puppy is teething and therefore has the tendency to chew and bit on objects. Here are a few suggestions to help curb your baby’s biting and chewing tendencies.  You may give your puppy ice cubes to help with the teething process. Teething is a normal part of growing up. You should expect your puppy to go through this phase. Hopefully, this phase will pass as he hits and passes 6 month of age.  Provide alternative toys that your puppy can chew on instead. Whenever you notice him chewing on a fabric or chair, gently guide him into chewing the toys instead.  Invent activities that will distract him from chewing. Take him for exercises or play with him at that point. Remember, that chewing is a normal behavior of dogs. Teaching him

to differentiate between what should be chewed on and what should not is important. Teach him gently but firmly. In time, he will learn to differentiate between what is right and what is not. Greeting people in the Home One of the first things that people do when they have guests come over is to put the dog in another room and close the door. Or they use the dog crate to keep the dog from becoming a pest to their guests. Instead of locking the dog up when people come over is to teach them to behave when people come to the home. They should not bark when the doorbell rings and they should not race to the door to greet the guests. This type of behavior by the puppy should not be accepted. It is also very important to teach the puppy not to jump up on a guest as they enter the home or to lick the hands of the person. Inappropriate sniffing also needs to be discouraged. Puppies can be taught how to behave properly when guests arrive as long as you are consistent and have patience. When you notice that people do not want to come over to your home after you have gotten a new puppy, you might want to think about how your puppy behaves when guests arrive. With the right amount of time and training, your guests will not even realize that you have a new puppy in the home.

Improving your puppy’s socialization skills
In simple terms, socialization means learning to be a part of the society. Socialization in regards to puppies means helping them become an integral part of the human society. This makes to feel comfortable with humans, environments, building, noises, sights and smell. Most times, puppies learn socialization skills all by themselves. Thy do not need any special training to do this. Then, again, it is also important to aid your puppy though this process. The best time to socialize your puppy is from 3 weeks of age. After 18 weeks of age it becomes increasingly difficult for them to accept new experiences and may likely be wary of people and events. Socialization for puppies is very important because it teaches them social skills that will make them become much more enjoyable and relaxed. It reduces the possibility of aggression in your puppy. The wider the variety of experiences, your puppy is exposed to, the better his chances of relating well to these conditions. The ways to social your puppy is to take him places, events, see sights, let him experience sounds such that you would be comfortable with him in these conditions. It all depends on the type of lifestyle you planned for you puppy. Basically take him out and let him perceive sight and sound of trains, garbage trucks, and school yards of screaming children, crowds, cats, livestock or crying infants.

Always learn to monitor your puppy during the socialization experiences. If you see your puppy cowering at his own party, it means he has not learned anything good about strangers. Ensures he has the right amount of exposure and praise him for his efforts. Give him a special treat when he does something good with people. You may also consider enrolling your puppy in puppy classes where he will be taught basic socialization skills. Consider this to be a puppy kindergarten class.

Teaching Your Puppy
There are many things that your puppy will have to learn. It is important to remember that it is a puppy and will not immediately behave in the manner that you want. As you try to teach your puppy’s basic discipline and how to interact with other, the teaching techniques that you use are very important. If you use the wrong techniques, your puppy will not understand what behavior you expect from him. When you use the right techniques, the puppy will quickly learn what is right and what is wrong. A Rolled up Newspaper This technique has been used many times. When a puppy does the wrong thing, they are hit on the nose with a rolled up newspaper. It is no different that spanking a child who has misbehaved. It is not the best way to teach a child and it is not the best way to teach your puppy. Hitting with a newspaper is a destructive way to teach a puppy. It is much better to use constructive techniques that reward the puppy when they behave properly. Another training technique is to rub the dog in the mess they make in the home. This is another technique that does not work. Any type of destructive technique to train your puppy needs to be avoided. Use Positive Reinforcement When you are training the puppy, make sure they are rewarded when they do the right things. If they use the bathroom outside instead of inside the hose, let them know that they did a good job. The type of positive reinforcement can vary. You can use treats to reward good behavior. You can also tell them they are a good puppy and pat them on the head. Either way the puppy will try to repeat the behavior to get the reward again. Another key to training a puppy is patience. Even though you are training them in the right way, they will still do things that are considered to be bad behavior. You can let the puppy know they have done wrong. One punishment can be time spent in their crate, but you need to be careful

about this. You want the crate to be a place they are happy to be in and they might get confused when it is used for punishment. While it is important to be patient when training a puppy to behave properly, it is also important to scold the puppy or reward the puppy for their behavior when it happens. Make sure that the puppy knows immediately if they have done something right or wrong.

Basic commands
Much of your time spent teaching a puppy tricks will be involved on basic behaviors. Howling, chewing, and barking are all important tricks that your puppy needs to learn. But what about the other tricks that many dog owners like to see their puppy do? Can you teach a puppy some basic commands at an early age? The answer is that you can teach young dogs new tricks. They may not always learn them easily, but with patience and persistence, a puppy can learn a few simple tricks to show everyone.  Roll over – When teaching this trick, choose a soft surface such as grass or carpet. The puppy first needs to be taught to lie down. Speak in a firm, but not an aggressive voice when issuing the command. Once the dog is lying down, use a treat and a gentle motion with your hand to get them to roll over. Keep repeating the process with the command to roll over until the puppy is doing it on their own. Shake Paw – This is an easy command for puppies to learn. Try putting your hand in front of the dog as you say the command. If the dog does not put the paw in your hand, gently lift the paw and shake it up and down. Reward the dog for the behavior. Keep repeating the command and picking up the paw until the puppy does it without your help. Jumping through a hoop – This trick is a little harder, but the principles are the same. Make sure you have enough room for the puppy to do this. Offer them a treat if they go through the hoop. You can start out with the hoop on the ground and getting the puppy to walk through. Gradually raise the height of the hoop until the puppy is jumping through it.

Not all puppies will be able to learn these tricks at a young age. It is something that requires time and patience. Eventually a puppy will start to perform the tricks that you want to see. The key for the teacher is to be consistent. You have to be willing to devote the time that is needed on a regular basis. This is the best way to reinforce the behavior that you want. If more than one person is working with the puppy, make sure you are all doing it in the same way. That consistency is important to the puppy.

Prepare for emergencies
Emergencies are a normal part of life. They can come in various forms. Emergencies require that you keep your puppy safe. The method to keeping your puppy safe is to prepare for an emergency ahead of time. Below are some tips to get help you get started in preparing for an emergency. 1. Go get yourself a Rescue Alert Sticker When you paste this kind of stickers in your home, it will help people and rescuers know that pets are inside your home. A Rescue Alert Sticker may carry any of the information below:  The phone number and of your veterinarian  The type and numbers of pest in your home  The name of your veterinarian In cases of emergency and you have already evacuate your pets and by extension your puppy, write the word “Evacuated” across the sticker. Rescue Alert Stickers are available from Animal Welfare League shelters. 2. If possible arrange a safe haven This is very important tip. Remember that if it isn’t safe for you, it probably isn’t safe for your puppy. Since not all evacuation units accept pets, it is important to determine beforehand the evacuation units that are most suitable for your circumstances. Here are a list of things you can do while arranging for a safe haven for you and your puppy.  Contact your veterinarian for a list of preferred boarding kennels and facilities.  Ask your local animal shelter if they provide emergency shelter or foster care for pets.  Identify hotels or motels outside of your immediate area that accept pets.  Ask friends and relatives outside your immediate area if they can take in your pet. 3. Get your eme rgency supplies and travelling kits ready Buy and evacuation pack and have it handy and ready for use. Make sure everyone in your household knows where it is. Make sure the kit is clearly labeled and easy to carry. The most essential items that should be in your evacuation kit are:

 Pet first- aid kit and guide book. If you don’t know what it is or where to get one, ask your vet.  3-7 days worth of canned or dry food. Please replace this food every 2 months  Liquid dish soap and disinfectant  Disposable garbage bags for clean-ups  Pet feeding dishes  Extra harness and leash  Copies of medical records and a waterproof container with a two-week supply of any medicine your pet requires. It is good to replace or rotate your medical supplies periodically to avoid them getting spoilt and therefore useless  Bottled water - at least 7 days worth for each person and pet. Please replace this every 2 months  A travelling crate or sturdy carrier  Flashlight  Blanket  Recent photos of your puppy. This may be needed if your puppy is lost and need identifying  Long lead and yard stake, toys and tidy bag 4. Register your Puppy There is nothing worse than seeing a sign looking for a lost dog. Puppies can get out of your yard and your home. They might not always know the way home. There are several things that you can do that will help you find your puppy if it is lost. A microchip is the best defense against a lost puppy. The microchip is implanted in the puppy. It does not harm the puppy, but it does provide some very valuable protection. The microchip will have an ID number for your puppy. This ID number is registered with the company that makes offers the microchips. If your puppy is lost, the veterinaria n can use a scanner that identifies the ID number for the puppy. That number can be checked on a registry and the information about who owns the puppy and where its home is will be known to the individual who found it. The puppy can be reunited with their owner. It is a low cost solution to what to do if your puppy is lost. In order for this to work, you must keep the information about your puppy current with the registry. In addition to using a microchip, keep a current picture of your puppy on file. This is easy to do with a digital camera and a computer. If your dog is lost, you can print up posters that include a picture of your puppy. It will make it much easier for others to identify your puppy. It is also important to keep this picture updated as well.

Chapter Five: Safety First
Basic tricks to help keep your puppy alert
Many of the behavioral problems often encountered in dogs are caused chiefly by their lack of mental and physical exercise. For your puppy to be alert, he needs to be mentally and physically active. The truth of the matter is that dogs are naturally born to lead active lives. For thousands of years, dogs have worked alongside man helping him herd his cattle, hunt and control vermin. These days most pet dogs spend most of their time alone at home and napping in couches and chairs with no scavenging and hunting required of them. As result, it is common to see many bored and obese dogs having excess energy with no way to exert them. It is not surprising that your puppy might come up with activities like barking, chewing, gnawing on your shoes and raiding trash cans in other to fill his time. The best way to keep your puppy alert and active is to simply fill his time with activities that will exercise his brain and body. This will not only keep him out of trouble but will also keep him fit and healthy at all times. It is also a good suggestion to take him for walks in the parks where he will likely meet and interact with members of his own species. This will enrich his life and save you countless hours in training. There is also the option of going with your puppy to a dog park. Here are basic tricks to aid the mental and physical development of your puppy.  Take your puppy for exercises at least once a day: Exercises for your puppy include both physical and mental exercises. You may take him for a walk in the park or a walk in the neighborhood and allow him to wander off leash. If you have a large compound area in your house, you can decide to allow him wander within the vicinity to his heart’s content. Allow him to investigate new smells, wrestle with his dog buddies and fetch toys for you. Allow him to do these activities until he happily collapses. These forms of mental and physical exercises are of paramount importance to the well-being of your dog. Some dogs would become so exhausted after such exercises that they would happily collapse and doze for hours.  Seek new opportunities to develop his social skills: Just like humans, dogs enjoy social activities with their own kind. Take your puppy to a dog park where he will learn to horn and develop his social skills. At the park, you puppy will be able to learn social skills like reading body languages, using his own communication skills as well as becoming familiar with dogs and people. This is a good way to guard against your puppy developing fear and aggression later on in life.  Dog parks can be fun for you too!

As you take your puppy to the dog park and other recreational areas, you will find that they are also refreshing for you too. You get the chance to interact and meet other dog owners. You are also in a better position to learn other skills on how to handle your puppy from other parents like you. The choice is up to you to make the experience as fun as you wish.

Safety in the parks and playgrounds
In spite of the fact that taking your dog has many inherent benefits attached, it is also important that you be aware that it carries with it some measures of risk. Your ability to handle the risks involved will help in your decision to become a dog park devotee. Number of health risks: If your puppy is properly vaccinated and healthy, there is a low risk assoc iated with his visits to the park. Just bear in mind that there are health risks each time your puppy comes in contact with other dogs just as there is a health risk involved when humans interact with other humans. One of the important risks is that of contracting Bordatella also known as Kennel cough. Talk to your veterinarian about the possibility of having your puppy vaccinated against this disease and also ask to be educated on other health risks associated with dog parks. Fleas are another important health risk for your puppy. Fleas’ are everywhere from dogs, to squirrels, to rabbits. If you want to protect your puppy adequately against fleas, the key is providing vaccination. Another health risk worth mentioning is the possibility of your puppy being trampled in the parks by larger dogs. This risk is small but it exists all the same. Think of the dog problems: Some dogs are naturally shy and may not associate well with other dogs. A visit to the park may elicit stress in your dog, especially if he has had unpleasant experiences in the park. If your dog is constantly being bullied, harassed, intimidated or simply played rough with, he may decide parks are not for him at all. Signs that your puppy is finding his visit to the park stressful include barking, growling, snarling, snapping and lunging in other to drive other dogs away. He might even bite in self-protection. There are also people problems: Human behavior problems may arise from differences in perspective regarding normal dog relations. It is true that pet owners do not always agree on what is best for a pet. They may argue about what behavior is truly aggressive and what is acceptable during play. The problem arises since there are no authority figures to appeal to at the parks. This may sometimes result in human behavior problems as well. Be ready for the unexpected:

You will not always be prepared for how your puppy will react in different situations. You also cannot control how others will react to your puppy when they see it. It is important that you prepare yourself for either your puppy or someone else to react in a way you did not expect. Always have a plan to get your puppy out of the way when a situation does not seem safe. There is nothing wrong with removing your puppy from the situation before something bad happens.

Protection from other hazards
There is the need to protect your puppy from common hazards that are found in the house. There is no gainsaying that your house needs to be puppy proofed. Your youngster needs to be supervised carefully or you may find yourself with a potential dangerous situation. Take your eyes of your puppy for a few minutes and you may find your puppy has eaten the wall carpet or even stripped off all the wall paper he could reach. Here are a few things you can do to protect your puppy from hazards:  Be sure to cover all electrical outlets, tape wires to the wall and put a tight lid on your trash can. Put houseplants, remote outlets, sharp objects, shoes, cell phones, and other items which your puppy might find attractive out of reach. It is best at this point to put virtually everything attractive away from your puppy especially when he is teething.  You should never allow your puppy under any circumstances to eat chocolate. It is very dangerous to allow your puppy to drink alcohol. It may be amusing to you at first, but you run the risk of security hazard.  Fruits are good for the body but not every fruit should be given to your puppy. Fruits pose a choking hazard to your puppy and should therefore be kept away from him.  Do not under any circumstances allow your puppy to wander around in the garage. A few drops of high attractive antifreeze or rat poison are enough to kill him.  Keep common household items such as the cocoa mulch, bleach, crayons, deodorants, furniture polish, mothballs, nail polish remover, and suntan lotion away from your puppy’s reach.  Plants like amaryllis, azaleas, daffodils, elephant ears, hyacinths, lily of the valley, oleander, and rhubarb are toxic to dogs as well as humans. They should not be within the vicinity of your puppy. Do you also know that tomato leaves are dangerous to your puppy as well?  Be aware that there is another dangerous substance called XYLITOL that is common in sugarless gum, baked goods, candy, toothpaste, vitamins, and many other substances. Xylitol is a common sugar substitute that has proven dangerous to dogs and can kill your puppy.

 Never leave your paper shredder lying around. Do not leave it on the automatic setting. Be sure to always turn it off when not in use. Otherwise, you might find your puppy seriously injured by the shredder blades.  If your puppy has had surgery or skin problems that require him to wear Elizabethan collar, please be aware that there are new varieties that will make him feel more comfortable.  Do not allow your puppy to wander unsupervised in your swimming pool. It is easy for him to get drowned.

You need to treat the home you are bringing a puppy into just like you would when you bring a baby home from the hospital for the first time. You need to look at anything and everything that could pose a danger to the puppy and make sure you take steps to make it safe.

Chapter Six: Miscellaneous ideas you may want to keep in mind
Puppies are cute cuddly creatures. The responsibility lies on you to offer him as much protection as you can muster. Puppies need an environment where they are safe and free to roam and play as they please. This you can do by organizing, cleaning and keeping hazardous objects away from him. Here are some ideas that will help you keep your puppy safe, rare him to be use and also enjoy him while you are at it.  Assume your puppy is a baby and puppy proof your home. Just like a baby, your new puppy is clueless about the world around him and should be protected as much as possible. This also means you should exercise enough patience and show love to your puppy to help him grow and develop.  As much as possible crate your puppy. This will offer him a secure little area of his own. While you are away from the house, you will feel confident knowing your puppy is safe and won’t be injured while you are away. Crating provides a comfort zone for your puppy free from harm and household hazards.  Decide now if you wa nt your puppy on your furniture. If you don’t want him on your furniture, now is the time to take steps to protect you furniture and always prevent him from climbing on the furniture. Protective covers on your furniture will prevent accidental clean ups.

 Purchase plastic or rubbers for electrical cords. Your puppy can easily get electrocuted if he chews on those electrical cords.  Get a hold of bitter tasting sprays and use them on all areas where you don’t want your puppy to bite on. Bitter tasting sprays can be bought at pet stores and supermarkets. Your puppy will not like the bitter taste of the sprays and will in time come to learn that items sprayed are off limits for him.  Children toys are never dog toys and possess a health risk to your puppy. Keep all toys away from your puppy where they are inaccessible to him.  Small items like pin, earrings, and coins that can be easily ingested should be kept away from your puppy.  Your windows and locks should be secured and fastened so your puppy cannot fall out.  Set up a house training schedule and follow it diligently. House training may include taking you puppy out every 3 hours.  Buy a baby gate to help you safe guard and keep your puppy away from the stairs and other areas in the house here he can easily get injured.  Be firm and designated a regular sleeping area for your puppy. Eating area must be set up with dog food and water bowls. This will help your puppy in learning the house rules. Secure your Backyard If you have a backyard, you need to make sure that it is safe for your pet. That not only means making sure that there are no plants that present a danger to your puppy, it also means making sure that your backyard will keep your puppy in. Puppies can chew and they can dig. They can do it much faster than many owners realize. They will dig holes in fences and chew through other areas to get out of the yard. Keep a constant eye on your yard to make sure that your puppy cannot get out and run loose. It is also important to keep your backyard clean to prevent any diseases that your dog can catch. All of this may seem basic and repetitive. The bottom line is that you will be protecting your puppy from the hazards that they will face if they are out of the yard on their own. Vaccines During the first year of life, you puppy will need series of vaccinations to protect him from many dangerous diseases. Vaccinations are done according to a specific dog’s risk factors.

Vaccination schedules may differ depending on your location. Below is a table showing the recommended vaccination for your puppy. The vaccinations you can get depend on the age of the puppy.        6 to 8 weeks - Distemper, measles, parainfluenza, Bordatella 10 to 12 weeks - DHPP (vaccines for distemper, adenovirus [hepatitis], parainfluenza, and parvovirus), Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Bordatella, Lyme disease 12 to 24 weeks - Rabies 14 to 16 weeks – DHPP, Coronavirus, Lyme disease, Leptospirosis 12 to 16 months - Rabies, DHPP, Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Boradetella, Lyme disease Every 1 to 2 years – DHPP, Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Bordetella, Lyme disease Every 1 to 3 years - Rabies (as required by law)

Choosing a veterinarian Choosing the right veterinarian for your puppy is important to his wellbeing. Here are a few factors to consider when choosing the right veterinarian for your puppy.  Office hours and location are important : It is better to choose a veterinarian closer to home than one that lives far away. A question to ask is if the clinic handles after hour emergencies.  The staff: Is the office staff friendly and helpful? Do they seem to like animals? Are they always organized?  Facilities at the clinic: any clinic you choose should be clean and calm. There should be spaces for walking your dog onsite.  Communication: how communicative is your veterinarian? Is he easily reachable to answer questions about your dog? Are there knowledgeable members of staff that can help?

 Veterinarian credentials: is your veterinarian certified? And how long has he been in practice?  References: it is easy to be referred to your veterinarian by friends and family. A good recommendation is important. It may seem like too much bother choosing the right veterinarian for your puppy but the results are worth it in the end. Having the right veterinarian care for your puppy is important for his physical and mental wellbeing. Introduce your puppy to his veterinarian and allow the m to get acquainted. Allow the staff to offer your puppy treats to make him feel relaxed. This will ensure your puppy stays calm. Whenever in doubt about your puppy’s physical and mental well -being, be sure to inquire from your veterinarian.

Pet Insurance
A few years ago the idea of purchasing pet insurance may have seemed foolhardy. The cost of taking your puppy to the vet could not be so great that you would need any type of health insurance to protect you. Over the years the type of care that can be provided for your pet has improved. They are now able to treat your dog for a wide variety of conditions that they would not have done in the past. Of course, all of this treatment comes with a cost. The price for the veterinary care of a puppy that grows up into adult hood is much larger today. It makes sense to have insurance that helps cover the costs and can help you give your puppy all of the care that it deserves. You do not want to have to make a decision for the newest member of your family based on money. Pet insurance can help solve that issue. There are plenty of companies that offer pet insurance. Not all policies are the same and they charge different rates for their coverage. They can also vary widely on the coverage that they offer. There are two types of policies that most people choose from.  A traditional policy that covers the cost of the medical care for a puppy by paying the veterinarian directly for the bills that are incurred. This means that the owner of the puppy does not have to pay money out of their pocket bill for any vet expenses they might have. The bills are submitted by the vet to the insurance company and any money that is not paid by the insurance will be billed to the owner of the puppy. A policy that reimburses the owner for any money they put out for the care of the puppy. The owner is responsible for payment at the time of the care by the vet. Once you get the bill from the vet and pay it, you submit a claim to the insurance company. They send you a check to cover your expenses.

The type of insurance policy you choose depends on whether you want to pay more for the insurance or if you want to wait to get your money back later. This is not the only thing that you have to consider when you are looking at pet insurance for your puppy. You will also need to think about what you want covered. The cheapest insurance policies will cover accidents that your puppy gets in. If they are injured when hit by a car or other type of injuries that are the result of an accident, a policy can be bought that only covers those events. It does not cover routine care for your puppy. Many puppies and dogs will never need to use an accidental insurance policy. If they do not get hurt, there will never be a need to collect on it. The money spent on this policy is an expense that you need to consider. The cost of an accident may be high, but the cost of routine care can be expensive as well. A puppy will take several trips to the vets for vaccines and for other routine care in the first year. An insurance policy can be found that covers these costs. These policies are usually more expensive than traditional policies, but they are also more likely to be used. The policies that are sold will not cover all types of routine care, and will not cover all types of accidents or illnesses for your puppy. The amount they charge will depend on the amount of risk that the insurance company is taking. The more things they cover, the higher the risk will be for them and the higher the price will be for the owner of the puppy. In order to figure out what type of insurance you should get for your puppy you will have to consider several things. These include the budget that you have for pet insurance. The insurance that you vet covers, and the amount of insurance you want for your puppy. The internet is a good resource to find all of the companies that offer pet insurance. Your vet will also usually have information about the insurance companies that they deal with and that they accept. A checklist about what you need and what you do not need will help you narrow down the choices.  Type of coverage o Accident only o All accidents o Routine care o Vaccinations o Illness coverage

o Surgical procedures 

Deductible o A deductible that you pay for each visit to the vet o A deductible that has to be met annually before any coverage kicks in o A deductible for specific procedures.

Coverage limits o The maximum amount of coverage that insurance will pay in a years’ time o The maximum amount they will pay for specific visits

Type of payments for any covered procedures o Payment directly to veterinarian o Payment directly to the policy holder

Exclusions o Some policies will exclude payment for specific types of care for your puppy. Each one must be considered individually to make sure that it covers what you want for your puppy.

How long is the policy o You can save money by purchasing longer policies and paying for them in advance. On, two and three year policies can be found.

This list should help you make choices about what is important to you. The more you want, the higher the cost of the policy will be. It can be a difficult balancing act to find a policy that gives you the coverage you want, yet is within your budget. Regardless of what you decide to get, any pet insurance may help you in the event that something happens to your puppy.

Common Ailments in Puppies

There are many common ailments that puppies can suffer from. If you know what they are and what to look for it will be easier for you to know what to do. Some of the common ailments, symptoms and treatment are:  Fleas and ticks – Symptoms include excessive itching especially around the tail, legs and stomach. Red blotches and loss of hair may also occur. A flea shampoo can be used when a puppy has fleas. Flea and tick drops to prevent the fleas can be used on puppies over the age of 7 weeks Heartworms - Coughing, difficulty breathing and unwillingness to exercise re the symptoms. A heartworm pill can be given once per month to prevent them from forming. If heartworms are detected they need to be treated with medication to get rid of them. Kennel Cough – This is a common ailment for puppies. Symptoms include a dry cough with a honking sound, and a runny nose. The best cure for this is prevention. Have your dog vaccinated before they are put into any boarding facility. Mange - A skin disease caused by mites that causes hair loss and itchy, crusty or oozing skin. There are also forms of Mange that cause dandruff like symptoms. A medicated shampoo can be used to treat mange. This may need to be repeated for a period of time. There are also injectable medications to help with more serious cases of mange. It is a highly contagious disease. Parvovirus - This potentially deadly disease has symptoms that include diarrhea with blood in the stools at time, vomiting, and fever. Treatment by a vet needs to be done quickly. The puppy can die within two days of contracting this disease. There is a vaccination that can be given to prevent this disease from happening.

Chart the Growth If you talk about a baby, the idea of having a book or chart that marks the milestones that the baby achieves may seem perfectly normal. There are a lot of houses that have marks in a closet that shows the growth of a child through the years. One of the most popular gifts at a baby shower is a book that allows the parent to mark down all of the events that happen during the first year of their life. It makes sense to do the same for a puppy. Keep trackof when all of the important events in a puppy’s life occur. The chart can include:

 Housebroken  Leash Trained  Kennel Trained  Flea Treatment  Visit the Vet  Spayed/Neutered  Tricks Learned o Sit Up o Shake Hands o Play Dead o Roll Over o Stay o Doggie Park  Weight

A puppy is part of your family, and you can track all of the changes that you see over the first year of your puppy’s life. A chart can help with this. When making the chart, the first 6 weeks are not included since they are often spent at home of the breeder ort the place where the puppy was born. Most puppy owners do not take possession of the puppy until it is six weeks old. The length of the chart is up to you. You can keep it for the first year or longer.

You can add anything you want to your chart to mark the progress that your puppy is making. You can also include pictures of your puppy each month. The changes that occur in puppies is very fast. Take advantage of the tools that are available to help you keep track of all the things that happen to your puppy.

Social Media
The use of social media for humans has grown at an incredible rate. It should not surprise people to find out that puppies are featured on social media sites as well. Facebook has several pages dedicated to puppies. They encourage puppy owners to post pictures of their puppies and to share stories that they have about their puppy. It may not be exactly allowed, but many people have created a page on the social media networks dedicated to their puppy. It is another way to share your puppy and to share all of the enjoyment that you get out of your puppy. You can also create a blog where you can share all of your experiences with your puppy. The only limit to how your puppy can use social media is your own imagination.

Conclusion
There is a lot of information about what you need to know when you are raising a puppy. Not all of the information will agree. Some people have their ideas about the right and wrong ways to raise your puppy. As you read through all of the information, you can decide what you want to listen to and what you want to ignore. In the end the decisions you make are the ones that you and your puppy will have to live with. Just like when you are raising a child, some of those choices will be right and others will be wrong. You can enjoy the things that you do right and learn from the mistakes you made. No matter what you can do, you will be sure of one thing. Your puppy will show you unconditional love. They will greet you with a tail wagging wheneve r you come home. They will always be able make your day a little better by showing that they love you. This book is dedicated to my dog Yippie. Now six years old, I still remember the day that he came into our home. Through the years he has grown and learned many things. The most important thing he has learned is that he is a part of our family and we will do everything we can to keep him happy. We know he will return that to us.

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