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Member End Forces

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Technical Reference
1.19 Member End Forces
Member end forces and moments in the member result from loads applied to the structure. These forces are in the local member coordinate system. Figure 1.18 shows the member end actions with their directions.

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Member End Forces

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Member End Forces

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Stress Zones due to bending about Y axis (MY) Notes: Local X axis goes into the page; Global Y is vertically upwards; Shaded area indicates zone under compression; Non-shaded area indicates zone under tension. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Member End Forces

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Stress Zones due to bending about Z axis (MZ) Notes: Local X axis goes into the page; Global Y is vertically upwards; Shaded area indicates zone under compression; Non-shaded area indicates zone under tension. See section 5.41 for more details.

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