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RC 99233-234

RC 99233-234

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Published by: bharath_mv7 on Sep 09, 2013
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3) Sum m arize t he point m ade by t he environm ent alist s in ¶4: t he fly keeps herd anim al populat ions in check and t hereby prevent s t hem from dest r oying t he African grasslands. ( C) rest at es t his point . ( A) : Opposit e. The environm ent alist s argue t hat t he grasslands will disappear if t he t set se fly is eliminated. ( B) : Opposit e. As abov e, t hey believe t hat t he t set se prev ent s t his sit uat ion from happening. (C): The correct answer ( D) : Opposit e. The environm ent alist s believe t hat dest ruct ion of t he fly will lead t o dest ruct ion of t he grasslands. ( E) : I ncorrect . The t se t se fly does not hav e an indirect effect on t he grasslands by rest rict ing t he populat ion of cat t le Strategy Point: You've now researched this information in ¶4 three times. On test day, make sure to use previous research to answer questions quickly and score easy points.

4) The first t hree paragraphs of t he passage describe t he negat ive im pact of t se t se flies but t his paragraph provides an indirect benefit of t he flies – prot ect ion of grasslands. ‗C‘ captures this perfect ly. ( A) : Opposit e. This paragraph act ually describes a benefit of t he t se t se fly ( B) : Opposit e. I t is act ually t he eradicat ion of t se t se flies t hat can lead t o deforest at ion of African grasslands (C): The correct answer ( D) : Dist ort ion. This is act ually st at ed in t he fift h paragraph ( E) : Too specific t o be t he correct answ er


( C) : Out of Scope. Mapping the Passage ¶1 describes t he m echanism of light ning form at ion and not es t hat scient ist s hope t o som eday cont rol it . Only A cat ches t his cause.effect relat ionship. ( D) : Opposit e. 2) Go back t o t he referenced line num bers t o read about breakdown pot ent ial. The aut hor prese nts two competing theories. (A): The correct answer ( B) : Opposit e. (D): The correct answer ( E) : Out of scope. The aut hor never st at es his preference for any t heory . ¶2 int roduces t wo com pet ing t heories of cloud elect rificat ion. t his is a qualit y of t he light ning rat her t han a precondit ion for it . it‘s not the main idea of t he passage.aristotleprep. Though this is mentioned in the passage. precipit at ion. convect ion and 1) What is the author‘s main purpose? To describe the competing theories on cloud charge and t o describe how t hey m ight help t o cont rol light ning.com . but it‘s not a charact erist ic of t he light ning it self.235 PASSAGE 11 Topic and Scope . but doesn‘t endorse one or the other or argue that they‘re inaccurate. (E): Takes the meaning of ‗breakdown‘ too literally www. The author doesn‘t discuss recent breakthroughs. ¶3 describes t he conv ect ion m odel of cloud elect rificat ion.and. As wit h ( B) .The aut hor describes t w o t heories of cloud elect rificat ion and t heir possible im pact on cont rolling light ning form at ion. and describes t he older t heory of precipit at ion. ( C) : Dist ort ion. The passage says that lightning occurs after the ―breakdown potential‖ is reached. and only one of t he t heories present ed has evidence described. ( B) : Fault y Use of Det ail. ( D) fit s w ell ( A) : Out of Scope. Th e breakdown potential is required for lightning to occur. The author doesn‘t mention the distance between the earth and cloud.

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