Section 7 Nomenclature and classification

All tumors (benign and malignant) have two basic components. and suppertime stroma made up of connective tissue and blood vessels. Proliferating neoplastic cells that constitute their parenchyma. .

g. skin pailloma.1. ovarian cyst adenoma . More detail: The name of organ and derived tissue/ cell + morphologic character + oma i. g. adenoma of thyroid. Principle of nomenclature (1) Benign tumors Attaching the suffix-oma to the cell origin of the name of organ and derived tissue cll + oma i.

More details: The name of organ and derived tissue/ cell + morphologic futures + carcinoma i.(2) Malignant tumors (cancers) ① Carcinoma: Malignant tumors of epithelial cell origin The name of organ and derived tissue/ cell + carcinoma. i. g. ovarian cytadenocarcinoma. signet ring cell carcinoma of stomach . g. oat cell carcinoma of long. adenocarcinoma of thyroid. papillary carcinoma of skin.

② Sarcoma: malignant tumors arising in mesenchymal tissue or its derivatives The name of organ and derived tissue/ cell + sarcoma i. g. leiomyosarcoma of uterus .

But malignant i. melanoma. dysgerminoma. seminoma. g. lymphoma. most of them are malignant i.g. endodermal sinus tumor .(3) Special nomenclature ① Blastoma: tumors rigging in immature tissue or nervous tissue. nephroblastoma ② Some tumors attaching the suffix-oma. medulloblastoma retinoblastoma.

Ewing’s tumor ⑤ Mixed tumors: tumors which derived from one germ layer may undergo divergent defferentiation creating i. i. but called disease. leukemias. Hodgkin’s disease. g. mixed tumor of salivery gland . paget’s disease ④ Some malignant tumors nominated by scientists’ name i. g. g.③ Some malignant tumors.

⑥ Teratomas: tumors containing mature or immature cells or tissues representative of more than one germ layer and sometimes all the three layers. which is totally benign. ⑦ Hamartoma: tumor-like malformation composed of a haphazard arrangement of tissues indigenous to the particular site. .

Nomenclature of tumors Tissue of Origin Benign Malignant Composed of One parenchymal cell Type Fibroma Mesenchymal tumors Lipoma Connective tissue and derivatives Chondroma Osteoma Endothelial and related tissues Blood vessels Lymph vessels Synovium Mesothelium Brain coverings Hemangioma Lymphangioma Fibrosarcoma Liposarcoma Chondrosarcoma Osteogenic sarcoma Angiosarcoma Lymphangiosarcoma Synovial sarcoma Mesothelioma Invasive meningioma Meningioma .

Nomenclature of tumors Tissue of Origin Blood cells and related cells Hematopoietic cells Lymphoid tissue Muscle Smooth Striated Epihelial tumors Stratified squamous Basal cells of skin or adnexa Epithelial lining Glands or ducts Benign Malignant Leiomyoma Rhabdomyoma Leiomyosarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma Squamous cell papilloma Adenoma Papilloma Cystadenoma .

Nomenclature of tumors Tissue of Origin Benign Malignant Epihelial tumors Stratified squamous Basal cells of skin or adnexa Epithelial lining Glands or ducts Squamous cell papilloma Squamous cell or epidermoid carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma Adenoma Papilloma Cystadenoma Adenocarcinoma Papillary carcinoma Cystadenocarcinoma .

Nomenclature of tumors Tissue of Origin Benign Malignant Respiratory passages Neuroectoderm Renal epithelium Liver cells Urinary tract epithelium (transitional) Placental epithelium (trophoblast) Testicular epithelium (germ cells) Nevus Renal tubular adenoma Liver cell adenoma Transitional cell papilloma Hydatidiform mole Bronchogenic carcinoma Bronchial adenoma (carcinoid) Malignant melanoma Renal cell carcinoma Hepatocellular carcinoma Transitional cell carcinoma Choriocarcinoma Seminoma Embryonal carcinoma .

Usually Derived From One Germ Layer Salivary glands Breast Renal anlage Pleomorphic adenoma (mixed Malignant mixed tumor tumor of salivary origin) salivary gland origin Fibroadenoma Malignant cystosarcoma phyllodes Wilms tumor of .Mixed Tumors.Nomenclature of tumors Tissue of Origin Benign Malignant More Than One Neoplastic Cell Type.

Nomenclature of tumors Tissue of Origin More Than One Neoplastic Cell Type Derived From More Than One Germ Layer. dermoid Immature teratocarcinoma teratoma.fogenous Benign Malignant Totipotential cells in gonads Mature or in embryonic rests cyst teratoma. .Tera.

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