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Constitutive Material Models

Constitutive Material Models

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Published by: navaratnarajah on Sep 10, 2013
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09/03/2015

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If small displacement gradients are assumed, i.e.

ui,juk,l ui,j

(2.45)

the strain tensors of both configurations are equal.

εij = εL

ij = εE

ij = 1

2(ui,j +uj,i)

(2.46)

εij is called linear or infinitesimal strain tensor. This is equivalent to the assumption of

small unit extensions ε2

ε, yielding

2ε(e) = 2eT

·EL

·e = 2eT

·EE

·e .

(2.47)

With both assumptions the linear theory is established and no distinction between the

configurations respective coordinate system is necessary. The components on the main

diagonal are called normal strain and all other are the shear strains. The shear strains

here

εij = 1

2(ui,j +uj,i) = 1

2γij

(2.48)

2.3. DEFORMATION

35

are equal to one–half of the familiar ’engineering’ shear strains γij. However, only with

the definitions above the strain tensor

ε =

ε11 ε12 ε13

ε12 ε22 ε23

ε13 ε23 ε33

(2.49)

has tensor properties. By the definition of the strains the symmetry of the strain tensor

is obvious.

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