Political Parties

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Political parties

A political party is defined as ‘an organized group of people with at least roughly similar political aims and opinions that seek to influence public policy by getting its candidates elected to public office. It is a political organization that seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating candidates with aligned political views and try to win in the election and ruling the administration. It is a group of people who share the same ideas about the way the country should be governed and come together within an agreed organizational and ideological structure to pursue common goals.Political parties play a crucial role in democracy-building. Parties may exist in undemocratic environment but democracy requires the existence of political parties as it is almost impossible to have political parties in countries that not qualify as a democracy (Andrew Heywood, 2002) A political parties usually categorized into two, the government and opposition. The role of government political parties are to implement policies, sustains electoral support for government and fills government position while the opposition parties’ roles are to develop alternatives, gains electoral support for change and build pool of competent people (McNair B, 2003). An example for political parties isUmno (government) and Party Keadilan (opposition).

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