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16 2011

1. ( Fermat)
2. ( )
3. .
.
.
.
.


1.
_______

z 3i z 3i z 3i :

z 3i z 3i 2 2 z 3i 2 z 3i 1
z
(0,3) =1.

z x yi . :

z 3i z 3i 2 x yi 3i x yi 3i 2 x ( y 3)i x ( y 3)i 2
x 2 ( y 3) 2 x 2 ( y 3) 2 2 2 x 2 ( y 3) 2 2 x 2 ( y 3) 2 1
x 2 ( y 3) 2 1
z
(0,3) =1.

2.
:

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_______

z 3i 1 z 3i 1 ( z 3i )( z 3i ) 1 ( z 3i )( z 3i ) 1
2

z 3i

1
z 3i


z x yi . :

1
1
1
x yi 3i
x ( y 3)i

z 3i
x yi 3i
x ( y 3)i
x ( y 3)i
x ( y 3)i
x ( y 3)i
x ( y 3)i 2

x ( y 3)i x ( y 3)i
x ( y 3) 2
x ( y 3)i x ( y 3)i
z 3i

x 2 ( y 3) 2 1

3. w z 3i

1
1
z 3i
.
z 3i
z 3i

: w z 3i

1
z 3i z 3i z z 2 Re( z ) 2 x z x yi .
z 3i

w.
: x 2 ( y 3) 2 1 :

x 2 1 x 1 1 x 1 2 2 x 2 2 w 2
4. 3 w z z 2 x :

z w z (z z) z z z z z z


1. x :

e x [ f ( x ) f ( x ) 1] f ( x ) xf ( x ) e x f ( x ) e x f ( x ) e x ( x ) f ( x ) xf ( x )

e x f ( x ) e x xf ( x )

e x f ( x) e x xf ( x) c1

(1)

f (0) 0 (1) :

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e0 f (0) e0 0 f (0) c1 c1 1
(1) :

e x f ( x) e x xf ( x) 1 (e x x) f ( x) e x 1

(2)

x e x x 0 .
g ( x ) e x x , x

g ( x ) e x x e x 1

g ( x) 0 e x 1 0 e x 1 e x e0 x 0
g ( x) 0 e x 1 0 e x 1 e x e0 x 0
x
g'(x)
g(x)

-
-

+
+

: g (0) 1 .
x g ( x ) 1 g ( x ) 0 e x x 0 .
(2) : f ( x )

f ( x )

ex 1
, x
ex x

x
f ( x ) [ln( e x x )]
x
e x

f ( x) ln( e x x ) c2

(3)

f (0) 0 (3) :

f (0) ln( e0 0) c2 c2 0
f ( x ) ln( e x x ) , x

2. f ( x ) ln( e x x ) , x f ( x )

ex 1
, x
ex x

f ( x) 0 e x 1 0 e x 1 e x e0 x 0

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f ( x) 0 e x 1 0 e x 1 e x e0 x 0
x
f'(x)
f(x)

-
-

+
+

: f (0) 0 .
f (,0] f [0,] . f x0=0

f (0) 0 .

ex 1
3. x : f ( x ) x
, :
e x

e
f ( x )

1 (e x x ) (e x 1)(e x x ) 2e x xe x 1

, x
(e x x ) 2
(e x x ) 2

x, f ,
.
h( x) 2e x xe x 1 , x.

h( x ) 2e x xe x 1 e x (1 x )

h( x) 0 1 x 0 x 1
h( x) 0 1 x 0 x 1
x
h'(x)
h(x)

-
+

+
-

: h(1) e 1 .
x
x
lim h( x ) lim (2e xe 1) lim (
x

2
x
x 1)
x
e
e

u x :

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lim (

2
x
2
u
2
u
2
(u )
x 1) lim ( u u 1) lim u lim u 1 lim u lim
1
x
u e
u e
u e
u e
u
u
e
e
e
e

2
1
lim u 1 1
u
u e
u e

lim

lim h( x ) lim (2e x xe x 1) lim [e x (2 x


x

1
)]
ex

h (,1] (-1, e-1].


x1 (-,1] h( x1 ) 0 .
h [1,) (-, e-1].
x2 [1,+ ) h( x2 ) 0 .
:
i) x<x1 h( x ) h( x1 ) , ( h (,1] ) h( x ) 0 .
ii) x1<x<1 h( x1 ) h( x ) , ( h (,1] ) 0 h( x) h( x) 0 .
iii) 1<x< x2 h( x ) h( x2 ) , ( h [1,) ) h( x ) 0 .
iv) x> x2 h( x ) h( x2 ) , ( h [1,) ) h( x ) 0 .
:
x
f(x)
f(x)

x1
-

x2
+

+
-

f .

4. ( x ) ln( e x x) x , x
[0,/2] .

(0) ln( e0 0) 0 1 0

( ) ln( e )
2

ln( e 2

)0

e x x 1 x 1.

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(0) ( ) 0 olzano x0

2
(0,/2) ( x0 ) 0 .

ex 1
x 0 x (0,/2) [0, ] .
x
e x
2
x
ln( e x) x (0,/2).

( x )


1. f,g:

1 f ( x)

e2 x

e 2t
e 2t
dt f ( x ) 1 e 2 x
dt , x
g( x t)
g( x t)
0

1 g ( x)

e2 x

e 2t
e 2t
2x
dt g ( x ) 1 e
dt , x
g( x t)
g( x t)
0

f (0) 1 g (0) 1 .
u x t , du d ( x t ) ( x t )dt dt .
t 0 u x , t x u 0 .
2 u 2 x
e 2 u 2 x
e 2u
e 2u
2x e e
f ( x ) 1 e
du 1 e
du 1
du 1
du
g (u )
g (u )
g (u )
g (u )
x
x
x
0
0

2x

2 u 2 x
e 2 u 2 x
e 2u
e 2u
2x e e
g ( x) 1 e
du 1 e
du 1
du 1
du
f (u )
f (u )
f (u )
f (u )
x
x
x
0
0

2x

e2 x
e2 x

( )
f ( x)
g( x)
x

e2u
0 g (u) du

e 2u
du .
f (u )

f,g ( ).
x

e 2u
e2 x

du f ( x )
f ( x ) 1
f ( x ) g ( x ) e 2 x
g (u )
g ( x)
0
x

g ( x ) 1

e 2u
e2 x
du g ( x )
f ( x ) g ( x ) e 2 x
f (u )
f ( x)

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f ( x ) g ( x ) f ( x ) g ( x )

f ( x ) g ( x )
[ln f ( x)] [ln g ( x)] .

f ( x)
g ( x)

ln f ( x) ln g ( x) c , x
x=0 ln f (0) ln g (0) c 1 1 c c 0 . :

ln f ( x) ln g ( x) f ( x) g ( x) , x

2. x f ( x) g ( x) f ( x) g ( x) e2 x , :

f ( x ) f ( x ) e 2 x f ( x )

(e

2x

) . f ( x ) e 2 x c
2

x=0 : f (0) e 0 c c 0
2

f ( x ) e 2 x f ( x ) 0 x f ( x ) e x .
2

ln f ( x ) ln e x
x e x
3.
1 1
1
1
f( )
ex
ex
x
x

ln f ( x )
e x
lim
lim
x 0
x 0
1
1
f( )
x
x

1
u :
x

e
e u
e u
e u
lim
lim
lim
lim
lim e u

u
x 0
1
u
1
u
x

1
x

4. f ( x ) e x f (t 2 ) e t
2

( ).
x

F ( x )

f (t

)dt .

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2
2
F ( x ) f (t )dt f ( x 2 ) e x , F ( x ) 0 x.
1

F R . x x<1 F ( x) F (1) F ( x) 0 .
1

( F (1)

f (t

)dt 0 ).

CF, x=1 xx,


yy :
1

E F ( x ) dx F ( x )dx ( x )F ( x )dx [ xF ( x )]10 xF ( x )dx


0
1

[1 F (1) 0 F (0)] xe x dx 0
2

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12 (e 1) .

1
1 x2
x2
e
dx

e
2 0
2
1