SUBJECT: ANCIENT HISTORY

GRADE LEVEL: 6-8

From Lead Sheet to Arrangement: Star Spangled Banner Practice Sessions

PAGE 1 OF 13

DURATION: TWO CLASSROOM PERIODS

Task Reharmonize “Red River Valley” using these four techniques. a fifth away. for example. • a lone tonic chord. Above the second staff of the lead sheet below (the piano right hand staff. 3. for example. Reharmonize the 7th chords by extending ii-V-I progressions from single minor 7. for example. PAGE 2 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE. • single minor chords can be preceded by their dominant chord. A7 in this tune. Procedure 1. Add/Substitute chords with similar functions.COM ©2012 . Simply copy the chord symbol from the top staff and add a 7th to it following the rules below: • major triads convert to major 7th chords (C becomes Cmaj7) • minor triads convert to minor 7th chords (D. write the chord symbols for the tune as 7th chords. can be preceded by a E-7.IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS Practice Session 1 Four Techniques for Reharmonization Objective To learn to use four reharmonization techniques: 7th chords. functional substitution and messing with V chords.becomes D-7) • dominant chords stay dominant 2. Dmaj7. • a lone dominant chord. cycle extension. treble clef). can be preceded by a A7. dominant or major 7 chords.

• resolve sus4 chords to 7b9 chords • deceptively resolve V chords to bImaj7 (Ebmaj7) or bVImaj7 (Bbmaj7) • deceptive resolutions make good endings. • functional substitutes don’t always have to replace each other but can be played in addition to one another. 5. You don’t have to use all of these techniques. Don’t pass up an opportunity to mess with your V7 chords (C7.IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS • B-7 and F#-7 can be swapped for Dmaj7. for example.COM ©2012 . in this tune) • change them into sus4 chords. Listeners appreciate repetition. These chords all function as tonic chords in the key of D. • Gmaj7 and E-7 are both subdominant functioning chords and can be substituted for one another. PAGE 3 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE. 4. Make sure any added chords work with the melody. Make sure you use them musically. 7. 6.

IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS ”Red River Valley” PAGE 4 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE.COM ©2012 .

IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS ”Red River Valley” continued PAGE 5 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE.COM ©2012 .

It is difficult to perform a self-assessment on a task like this.COM ©2012 . Compare your answers with the reharmonization of “Red River Valley” found at the end of the document. PAGE 6 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE.IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS Self Assessment 1. There are infinite possibilities for reharmonizing a tune. Eventually you should strive to be able to use these techniques “on the fly” when you are playing. The best way to improve your skill at this task is to practice using these techniques on many tunes. 2.

PAGE 7 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE. Choose spread voicings (check out the solo jazz piano lessons) if you are playing solo piano or rootless voicings (check out the rootless voicings series of lessons) if you are playing with a bass player. you can decide how to voice them.COM ©2012 .IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS Next Steps Once you have settled on your new chords.

COM ©2012 .IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS ”Red River Valley” Reharmonization PAGE 8 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE.

IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS “Red River Valley” continued PAGE 9 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE.COM ©2012 .

IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS “Star Spangled Banner” Reharmonization from the lesson PAGE 10 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE.COM ©2012 .

IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS PAGE 11 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE.COM ©2012 .

COM ©2012 .IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS PAGE 12 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE.

COM ©2012 .IMPROVISATION & LICKS REHARMONIZE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PRACTICE SESSIONS PAGE 13 OF 13        JAZZPIANOONLINE.

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