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Magnetic materials

Magnetic materials

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Published by warezisgr8
Magnetic materials
Magnetic materials

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Published by: warezisgr8 on Sep 11, 2013
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01/27/2015

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•Results in a net magnetization even when there
is no applied field (similar to ferromagnetic).
•It comes from opposite magnetizations in crystal
structure of differing magnitudes resulting in a
net permanent magnetization in one direction

Fig. 1.2: Illustration of magnetic ordering in a ferrimagnetic crystal. All A–atoms have their spins aligned in one
direction and all B–atoms have their spins aligned in the opposite direction. As the magnetic moment of an A–
atom is greater than that of a B–atom, there is net magnetization, M, in the crystal.

e.g. Magnetite (lodestone) Fe3O4

•Generalized formula Fe2MO4
M is a divalent metal ion, e.g.
Cu, Pb, Mg, Mn, Co, Ni or Fe
•Tetrahedral site(M2+

), each with

4 neighboring O atoms
•Octahedral sites(Fe3+

), each with

6 neighboring O atoms
•At low T, Tetra spin aligned along
cube edge, Octa opposite to it.
•Understood as two interlaced sublattices.
•Exchange energy minimum when spins
on different sublattices are antiparallel.
•Spins on same sublattice aligned becuz
of exchange interaction with other
sublattice.
•Good insulators, minimize losses
due to eddy currents

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