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THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW Introduction I. Unique Place in the Canon Matthew's Gospel is the perfect bridge between the Old and the New Testaments. Its very first words throw us back to the forefather of the OT people of God, Abraham, and to the first great king of Israel, David. In its emphasis, strong Jewish flavor, its many quotations from the Hebrew Scriptures, and its position at the head of the NT books, Matthew is the logical place to start the Christian message to the world. II. Authorship The external evidence is ancient and universal that Matthew the tax collector, also called Levi, wrote the First Gospel. His name means ―gift of God‖ and he was one of the twelve apostles. Tradition says that Matthew preached for fifteen years in Palestine and then left to evangelize in foreign parts. It is possible that about a.d. 45 he left behind for the Jews who had accepted Jesus as their Messiah a first draft of his Gospel in Aramaic (or just the discourses of Christ), and later made a Greek edition for universal use. A similar thing was done by Matthew's contemporary, Josephus. This Jewish historian made an Aramaic first draft of his Jewish Wars and then the final form of the book in Greek. The internal evidence of the First Gospel does fit well with a devout Jew who loved the OT and was gifted as a careful writer and editor. As a civil servant of Rome, Matthew would have to be proficient in both the language of his people (Aramaic) and of the ruling authorities. (The Romans used Greek, not Latin, in the East.) The numerical details, parables regarding money, and the monetary terms all fit in with a tax collector. So does the concise, orderly style. III. Date If the widespread belief that Matthew made an Aramaic first edition of his Gospel (or at least of the sayings of Jesus) is so, a date for that of a.d. 45, fifteen years after the Ascension, would fit in with ancient tradition. He could have brought out the fuller, canonical Gospel in Greek in 50 or 55, or even later. IV. Background and Theme In his Gospel, Matthew sets out to show that Jesus is the long-expected Messiah of Israel, the only lawful Claimant to the throne of David. Matthew 1 An Introduction to Jesus the Messiah
is a record of the life of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham. (―father‖ and ―son‖ in Hebrew does not mean adjacently as they have no word for grandfather, or grandson. Why does the NT begins with something as seemingly dull as a family tree? Why can‘t we skip over it to where the action begins? However, the genealogy is indispensable. It lays the foundation for all that follows. Matthew is laying down the claim to the throne of David, the legal line of Jesus). The Ancestry of Jesus
fathered Isaac, Isaac fathered Jacob, and Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers. 3Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez fathered Hezron, Hezron fathered Aram, (―Tamar‖: Cf. Gen 38. Perez and Zerah are the illegitimate offspring of Tamar by Judah when he thought she was a prostitute and lay with her. ―Perez‖: 10 generations to David. Ruth 4:18-22. In Leviticus an illegitimate son prohibits inheritance until the 10th generation.) 4Aram fathered Amminadab, Amminadab fathered Nahshon, and Nahshon fathered Salmon. 5Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab, Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth, Obed fathered Jesse, (Rahab: of Joshua‘s time. Thus, Boaz had a Gentile mother, Rahab!) 6and Jesse fathered King David. David fathered Solomon by the wife of Uriah, (―Wife of Uriah‖ = Bathsheba). 7Solomon fathered Rehoboam, Rehoboam fathered Abijah, Abijah fathered Asaph, 8Asaph fathered Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat fathered Joram, Joram fathered Uzziah, 9Uzziah fathered Jotham, Jotham fathered Ahaz, Ahaz fathered Hezekiah, 10Hezekiah fathered Manasseh, Manasseh fathered Amos, and Amos fathered Josiah. 11Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brothers at the time of the deportation to Babylon. (―Jechoniah‖: 2 Chr 36:8; Jer 22:24-30. God pronounces a blood curse on Jechoniah! Matthew takes us down the royal line through Jechoniah to David and then Joseph. The Messiah must be eligible for the throne of David, yet can‘t be under the blood curse of Jechoniah. Luke 3 gives us the answer. This genealogy from Adam to Abraham through David is the same as Matthew, but at David Luke goes through Nathan – not Solomon - down to Heli, the father of Mary. Of the house of David, yet NOT under the blood curse of Jechoniah! Some point to the different genealogies of Jesus as ―errors‖ in the Bible. However, Matthew gives the paternal genealogy of the Messiah through His legal father, and Luke 3:23 gives His maternal genealogy through His mother.) 12After the deportation to Babylon, Jechoniah fathered Salathiel, Salathiel fathered Zerubbabel, 13Zerubbabel fathered Abiud, Abiud fathered Eliakim, Eliakim fathered Azor, 14Azor fathered Zadok, Zadok fathered Achim, Achim fathered Eliud, 15Eliud fathered Eleazar, Eleazar fathered Matthan, and Matthan fathered Jacob. 16Jacob fathered Joseph, the husband of Mary, who was the mother of Jesus, who is called the Messiah. (Messiah is the Hebrew for the Anointed One. Christ is the Greek Translation. Very unusual to have women in a genealogy, yet in Jesus‘ we see 5 women listed: Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, Bathsheba and Mary!) 17So all the generations from Abraham to David totaled fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon totaled fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Messiah there were fourteen generations. (14 = the numerical value of the Heb. name David. The throne of David ends at Babylon. If you count the generations, from Joram to Uzziah there are three guys missing: Ahaziah, Joash and Amaziah! Ahaziah was called the son-in-law to the House of Jacob and slain
by Jehu. Cf 2 Kgs 8-9. Joash was slain by the servants in 2 Kings 12 and Amaziah was slain by the people of Jerusalem in 2 Kings 14. God was visiting them because of idolatry, and fulfilled literally the punishing of the third and fourth generations. Deuteronomy 29 instructs that their names be blotted out! While you will find their records in the Old Testament, they are blotted out of the genealogy!). The Birth of Jesus (Luke 2:1-7)
the birth of Jesus the Messiah happened in this way. When his mother Mary was engaged to Joseph, before they lived together she was discovered to be pregnant by the Holy Spirit. (In NT times, betrothal was a form of engagement, but more binding than engagement today, and it could be broken only by divorce. Although an engaged couple did not live together until the marriage ceremony, unfaithfulness on the part of the betrothed was treated as adultery and punishable by death. A friend of the groom was assigned to watch over the bride during the espousal period to assure her virginity until the wedding day. The espousal period was usually about one year long. The long period, in the case of a virgin, was twofold. It gave them time to make sure that she was not already pregnant by another man and it proved their dedication to each other. During this time, the man could write the bride a bill of divorce if he found anything ―unseemly‖ in her. See Deut. 24: 1,2. She would then be free to marry another man.) 19Her husband Joseph, being a righteous man and unwilling to disgrace her, decided to divorce her secretly. (…when he saw her 3 months later, after she returned from her visit to her cousin Elizabeth. ―Unwilling to disgrace her‖ by having her stoned to death – Lev 20:10.) 20After he had thought about it, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream. “Joseph, son of David,” he said, “don‟t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. (No doubt Joseph had confronted Mary about the baby and she had told him about the angel coming to her and his message. But Joseph didn‘t believe her until the angel spoke to him in a dream. ―son of David‖: Interesting title for Joseph. David was promised by God that the Messiah would come from his line.). 21She will give birth to a son, and you are to name him Jesus, because he is the one who will save his people from their sins.” (The name Jesus means The Lord saves. Many seem to wish somehow to be His people, but they do not quite desire to be saved from their sins. They wish to be saved only from the consequences of their sins. Any salvation that does not save one from sinning, as well as from the consequences, is a delusion. One cannot be a part of His people while giving his allegiance to the world and the satisfying of wrongful desires). 22Now all this happened to fulfill what was declared by the Lord through the prophet when he said, (Matthew claims divine inspiration for the words of Isaiah—the Lord had spoken by the prophet at least 700 years before Christ.) 23“See, a virgin will become
1 Cor 9:5. Two kinds of people found here in Chapter 2.” (Wise men still seek Him. therefore must have been a large group. not to foretell this event.‖ Isaiah 7:14 says that God Himself will give a ―sign. Never before. and he named him Jesus. Acts 1:14. God gave the star to the Magi to proclaim to them that the child had already been born. Mar 6:3. Other references which indicate that Mary had children by Joseph are Mat 12:46. Note the Magi were Gentiles! Why does the Bible commend the Magi for following the star. Isa. 19:26. Deut. The star used in the biblical account was to announce the birth of Christ. (The teaching that Mary remained a virgin all of her life is disproved by the consummation of their marriage mentioned in this verse. cf. These Persians seem to know a lot more than stargazing. means the incarnation of God.e. Joseph abandoned his plan to divorce Mary.) 24When Joseph got up from his sleep. and they will name him Immanuel. i. ―Immanuel‖ = God with us. A virgin conceiving is a supernatural sign.. and Gal 1:19.‖ A young maiden becoming pregnant is not a sign fro m God. ―Herod‖: There were many Herods. We assume that there were three as they gave three gifts. “Where is the one who was born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him. John 7:3. Isa 7:14. wise men arrived in Jerusalem from the east (―Wise men‖ = Lit.” which means. the first question in the New Testament deals with the last Adam. he did as the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took Mary as his wife. and so throughout the chapter. they knew that by this event that they were being moved into was a supernatural event. John 7:5. or magi-astrologers.Matthew pregnant and give birth to a son. Aramaic speaking wise men from Mesopotamia.) 25He did not have marital relations with her until she had given birth to a son. those with hatred or those paying homage! The entire world falls into one of these two categories. Mat 13:55-56. This is the first Herod. citing a statement by the LORD. magoi. Used twice in Isaiah. one each. after which he married her. i. He continued to recognize their betrothal until Jesus' birth. (As a result of the angel's intervention. “God with us. Some say this was not a ―virgin‖ but merely a ―young maiden. More than three. Jerusalem at that time was not a small place to be stirred up easily. ) 2and asked. When they arrived they stirred up the whole town.) Matthew 2 The Visit of the Wise Men 1After Jesus had been born in Bethlehem of Judea during the reign of King Herod. The first question of the New Testament: ――Where is the one who was born king of the Jews? Gen 3:9 is first question of the Old Testament: God called to Adam ――Where are you?‖ The first question in the Old Testament deals with the first Adam.” (Cf. 8:19? Astrology is a belief that the study of the arrangement and movement of the stars can enable one to foretell events— whether they will be good or bad. when it condemns astrology – see Lev. Dan 1:4. but an everyday occurrence.) 3When King Herod heard .e. and in those days one must travel in large groups to survive. They traveled a long way. 18:10.
search carefully for the child. Mark 1:2–3 combines some of Isaiah 40:3 with Malachi 3:1.Matthew this. Herod planned to kill Him. (Herod inquires as to how long the star appeared. and myrrh. then her child. 5They told him. he was put on the throne. as was all of Jerusalem. But evidently when people heard of the baby born in a shed. and the star they had seen in the east went ahead of them until it came and stopped over the place where the child was.) 10When they saw the star.) 9After listening to the king. He told them. This indicates that the star had not guided them all the way from the East. Ordinarily mention would be made of a mother first.the throne of David did not exist in the times of Christ. too. They preserved and taught the law and served as judges in the Sanhedrin).) 11After they went into the house and saw the child with his mother Mary. a family opened their home to them. The wise men worshiped Jesus. may go and worship him. and later decides to pick two-year-olds and under to be slain!) 8and sent them to Bethlehem. 4He called together all the high priests and scribes of the people and asked them where the Messiah was to be born. Then they opened their treasure sacks and offered him gifts of gold.‟” (Micah 5:2: Ruler of Israel . Matthew 27:9–10 combines some of Zechariah 11:12–13 with Jeremiah 19:2. Herod was paranoid that is why he built fortresses like Masada …12 in all). tell me so that I. ―from everlasting‖: One born in Bethlehem is going to be pre-existent! How can we explain Matthew‘s apparent misquotation of Micah 5:2? The phrase that is not mentioned in Micah is actually taken from 2 Samuel 5:2 . the people of Jerusalem were troubled. they set out. but this Child is unique and must be given first place.” (This secrecy betrayed his sadistic motive: he would need this information if he was unable to locate the right Child. found out from them the time the star had appeared. regarding the one ―who was born king of the Jews. There are other instances where an author combines one Scripture with another. These attitudes were omens of the way in which the Messiah would be received. but it strengthens the point that the author is making. They made great personal and financial sacrifices to see this Child: they traveled . they were ecstatic with joy. (These Gentiles diligently sought for Christ. The scribes of the people were lay experts in the Law of Moses. “In Bethlehem of Judea. Also. Their request of Herod. (Their information makes Herod nervous as he was not King of the Jews. “As you go. That‘s why the wise men from the East found the baby Jesus in a house when they arrived. they fell down and worshipped him. because from you will come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.‖ was a calculated insult to him who had contrived and bribed his way into that office. he was disturbed. When you find him. the priests and scribes were. you are by no means least among the rulers of Judah.) 7Then Herod secretly called together the wise men. The combining of verses does not take away what is being said. (The high priests were the high priest and his sons and perhaps other members of his family. indifferent. because that is what was written by the prophet: 6„O Bethlehem in the land of Judah. (Notice that they saw Jesus with His mother. and he was also Idumaean. as yet. not Mary! Jesus was born in a cattle shed. (The star reappeared.11 and 32:6–9. Luke 2:7. frankincense. For example.
” (From infancy the threat of death hung over our Lord. In the millennium. “Stay there until I tell you.) 12Having been warned in a dream not to go back to Herod. It is apparent that He was born to die. according to the time that he had determined from the wise men. Anyone who walks in God's will is immortal until his work is done. Question: What insect went to Egypt on a donkey? The Flea: The angel told Joseph to take Mary. follow His guidance. they left for their own country by a different road. some claim that Jesus must have been two years old when the wise men came. who were two years old and younger. here in Hosea means both Israel nationally and Jesus when God calls His son out of Egypt. an ointment or spice for burial. that he is given gifts: gold and frankincense. the Child and flee to Egypt. Priest.e. There will be no myrrh then because He will not suffer then. and flee to Egypt. “Get up. but no myrrh. “Out of Egypt I called my Son.Matthew a great distance. ―Gifts‖: Ones mentioned are gold. we find from Isaiah. There are times when the text has double meanings. because Herod intends to search for the child and kill him. Those who are wise today will listen for His voice. Because of the wording here. What evidently happened was that very . and be willing to sacrifice everything for so great a privilege as meeting the King. myrrh . (No one who meets Christ with a sincere heart ever returns the same way. so he ordered the execution of all the male children in Bethlehem and all its neighboring regions.is crushed. and King. but only at the appointed time. Isaiah was speaking of Christ's second coming—His coming in power and great glory.” (Hosea 11:1: 700 years before! Cf. I. Prophet. Why was myrrh omitted? Because His death is behind Him. 52:13-14. But in Matthew the myrrh is included because His first coming is in view. frankincense – priesthood. spent months away from their homes. ) 14So Joseph got up. but instead they left secretly. (Herod was angry that the wise men did not honor his request to tell him where the child was. an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream. not necessarily all mentioned. and gave extravagant gifts to this newborn King.” he said. Isa 41:8 and 42:1-4. But that‘s not good reasoning.) The Massacre of the Infants 16Herod flew into a rage when he learned that he had been tricked by the wise men. 15He stayed there until Herod‟s death in order to fulfill what was declared by the Lord through the prophet when he said. and left at night for Egypt. Ex 4:22. Jer 31:9. It is very unlikely that Mary and Joseph would have stayed on in Bethlehem more than a few days after Jesus was born before heading back home. took the child and his mother. frankincense and myrrh. Rom 9:4-5. Maybe others but these mentioned because they are prophetic: gold – deity. True encounter with Him transforms all of life.) The Escape to Egypt 13After they had gone. Israel nationally is spoken of as God‘s son. take the child and his mother.
an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt.” 21So Joseph got up. She no doubt represented the many mothers in Israel who had lost their little sons and were now weeping and wailing hysterically. and she is represented figuratively here as rising from her grave to lament with screams of soulpiercing anguish. 15-17. Rachel was crying for her children. Cf Isa 53:3. 22But when he heard that Archelaus was ruling over Judea in place of his father Herod. Matthew 3 John the Baptist Prepares the Way (Mark 1:1-8. John 1:19-28) . meaning branch .cf. and go to the land of Israel.” (Rachel was buried near Bethlehem. Nazoraios may be a word play between Heb.‖ Nathaniel expresses this by a proverbial question in John 1:46. Jer 31:15) The Return to Nazareth 19But after Herod died. “Take the child and his mother. a despised place ―on the other side of the tracks. 9:26. because those who were trying to kill the child are dead. He felt sure to get Him if he put on the two-year limit. Dan. A more probable explanation is that ―Nazarene‖ is used to describe anyone who lived in Nazareth. He simply affirmed that the OT ―prophets‖ predicted that Jesus would be called a Nazarene. and went into the land of Israel. but simply a general truth found in many prophets to correspond to His Nazarene-like character. netser. If the wise men had come when Jesus was two years of age. She refused to be comforted. they were immediately directed to take Jesus to Egypt. 12:10. It is amazing that when the mighty God came to earth. because they no longer existed. So he left for the region of Galilee 23and settled in a town called Nazareth in order to fulfill what was said by the prophets: “He will be called a Nazarene. Ps 22:6.” (Didn‘t Matthew make a mistake by claiming a prophecy that is not found in the OT? Matthew did not say that any particular OT ―prophet‖ stated this. Then following that. 20“Get up. The reason Herod ordered all boys two years of age and under be put to death was because he didn‘t want his soldiers to misjudge Jesus‘ age and pass Him up.and the name Nazareth. So when verse 23 says He will be called a Nazarene. Cf. 17Then what was declared by the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled when he said.” he said.Matthew shortly after Mary and Joseph had taken Jesus to the Temple – Luke 2:22-39 – they were visited by the wise men. Herod no doubt would have put the age limit much higher than two years). The Gk. Zech. took the child and his mother. Those who follow Him are privileged to share His reproach . Luke 3:1-9. Isa 11:1 . He was given a nickname of reproach. after having been warned in a dream. he was afraid to go there.Heb 13:13). 18“A voice was heard in Ramah: wailing and great mourning. So we should not expect to find any given verse. it means that He would be treated with contempt. the slaughter by Herod.
Baptism is a way of identifying with something.) 5Then the people of Jerusalem.‖ They went into the open air. his father was Zacarias. but like King Og. and the entire region along the Jordan began flocking to him. John the Baptist was born into the priesthood. in the desert . (30 years between chapters 2 & 3! ―John the Baptist‖: Not to be confused with John the gospel writer. not the Church. let us follow in the footsteps of Jesus and the apostles and preach where sinners gather. because the kingdom from heaven is near!” (The first word John the Baptist preached to Israel was ―repent. He who couldn‘t care less that every day multitudes of living people are being swallowed by the jaws of hell has a heart of stone indeed. . Here they are identifying with the confession of their sins. we seem to have it backwards. (Very similar to the description of Elijah in 2 Kgs 1. His self-renunciation was a stinging rebuke to the worldliness of his day. Why. Sin – anything morally wrong. John the Baptist appeared. If we are serious about reaching this world. If you do not make it a matter of study. We take sinners to meetings rather than meetings to sinners. you are acting a very wicked and absurd part as a Christian. the reason is plain enough. 7 P. preaching in the Judean wilderness. They must change directions. used ceremonially. He is preaching out of the camp. They didn‘t carpet the building. Thank God that the disciples didn‘t stay in the upper room. Isa 40:3) 4John had clothing made of camel‟s hair and wore a leather belt around his waist. they have never studied it. ―Tonight: Gospel outreach service.‖ He who loves his neighbor as himself will be concerned for his eternal welfare. —all welcome. scalding experience to meet John —a man who cared for none of the things that people ordinarily live for. John the Baptist was an open-air preacher. (Baptism was a Jewish ritual.‖ Two-thirds of ―God‖ is ―go‖. In thirty minutes. who wrote 5 books of the New Testament. One-third of the word ―gospel‖ is ―go. People complain that they do not know how to take hold of this matter. pad the pews then put a notice outside the front door saying. Peter preached in the open-air at Pentecost and Paul chose to stand on Mars Hill and preach open-air to the Athenians.‖ The King would soon appear. but He would not reign over people who clung to their sins. must confess and forsake their sins. all Judea.Matthew 1About this time. His diet consisted of grasshoppers and wild honey. the ―Sermon on the Mount‖ in the open -air. 2“Repent. It must have been a convicting. a good open-air preacher can reach more sinners than the average church does in twelve months. His absorption with spiritual realities must have made others realize how poor they were.) 3He was the one the prophet Isaiah was referring to when he said. Jesus was an open-air preacher. 6being baptized by him in the Jordan River while they confessed their sins. The gospel is for the world. “He is a voice calling out in the wilderness: „Prepare the way for the Lord! Make his paths straight!‟” (Prophesied by Isaiah over seven hundred years before his time: Cf.). how you may successfully act in building up the kingdom of Christ. The Church prefers to fish on dry land rather than get its feet wet. He preached the greatest sermon of all time. therefore must have rejected the Levitical/Talmudic establishment.M. They have never taken the proper pains to qualify themselves for the work. Charles Finney put his finger on the reason why: ―It is the great business of every Christian to save souls.
or disobedience to God, parents, the state, etc.) 7But when John saw many Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptizing, he told them, “You children of serpents! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? (Jewish leaders upset at lack of attendance to their rituals came to look, to see what was going on, but they refused to be affected by his preaching or to be baptized. Luke 7:30. ―Children of serpents‖: To a Pharisee this refers to Gen 3:15, the seed of the serpent. He is calling them the sons of Satan! ―Pharisees‖ = ―separatists,‖ the legalists, the ritualists, out of them come the traditions of the Talmudic Jew. ―Sadducees‖ = liberalists, modernists, humanists, religious skeptics, denied the inspiration of the Word. They didn‘t believe in the existence of angels, the immortality of the soul, and eternal punishment. They also didn‘t believe in the resurrection. That‘s why they are ―sad-usee.‖) 8Produce fruit that is consistent with repentance! (True repentance amounts to nothing whatever if it produces only a few tears, a spasm of regret, a little fright. We must leave the sins we repent of and walk in the new, clean ways of holiness.) 9Don‟t think you can say to yourselves, „We have father Abraham!‟ because I tell you that God can raise up descendants for Abraham from these stones! (―these stones‖: Josh 3, the stone monuments as a memorial for the crossing of the Jordan River. The saying is true that God has no grandchildren. No one becomes a child of God just because of godly parents or other ancestors. The same is true for Jews.) 10The ax already lies against the roots of the trees. So every tree that isn‟t producing good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire. (John was saying that a work of divine judgment was about to begin. Christ's arrival and presence would test all men. Cf. John 15:1-6) 11I am baptizing you with water as evidence of repentance, but the one who is coming after me is stronger than I am, and I am not worthy to carry his sandals. It is he who will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. (The original Greek word for baptize is ―baupto‖ and means to dip, to immerse. The baptism with the Holy Spirit is distinct from the baptism with fire. The former is a baptism of blessing, the latter of judgment. The former took place at Pentecost, the latter is still future. The former is enjoyed by all true believers in the Lord Jesus, the latter will be the fate of all unbelievers. The former would be for those Israelites whose baptism was an outward sign of inward repentance, the latter would be for the Pharisees, Sadducees, and all who showed no evidence of true repentance. Some teach that the baptism with the Holy Spirit and the baptism with fire are the same event, i.e., could not the baptism with fire refer to the tongues of fire that appeared when the Spirit was given at Pentecost? In light of verse 12 which equates fire with judgment, it probably does not.) 12His winnowing fork is in his hand. He will clean up his threshing floor and gather his grain into the barn, but he will burn the chaff with inextinguishable fire.” (The fire in verse 12 means judgment, and since this verse is an amplification of verse 11, it is reasonable to conclude that the baptism with fire is a baptism of judgment.) Jesus is Baptized
(Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-22)
Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptized by John. (Jesus walked approximately sixty miles from Galilee to the lower Jordan River to be baptized by John. This indicates the importance which He attached to this ceremony and it should indicate the significance of baptism for His followers today.) 14But John tried to stop him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and are you coming to me?” (John didn‘t yet know that Jesus was the Messiah – see verses 16-17 and John 1:31-34, but they were second cousins – Luke 1:5-56 – and John had undoubtedly been deeply impressed for years by Jesus‘ complete dedication to God.) 15But Jesus answered him, “Let it be this way for now, because this is the proper way for us to fulfill all righteousness.” At this, he permitted him to be baptized. (Why did Jesus insist upon being baptized? Baptism usually associated with the confession of sins. Did Jesus have any sins to confess? He was sinless: 2 Cor 5:21; 1 Pet 2:22; 1 John 3:5; John 14:30. See Isa 53:12. At John‘s baptism, Jesus is declaring publicly His identity with the sinner.) 16When Jesus had been baptized, he immediately came up out of the water. Suddenly, the heavens opened up for him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him. (Cf John 1:29-34) 17Then a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love. I am pleased with him!” (This is His formal opening for His ministry. Just as persons and things in the OT were consecrated to sacred purposes by ―the holy anointing oil‖ - Ex 30:25-30, so He was anointed Messiah by the Holy Spirit. Appropriate that this event is commemorated by the Trinity, Father through the voice, Holy Spirit through the dove-like descending and the Son being baptized. The last time a voice from heaven was heard was at Mt Sinai when the Law was given. How interesting it is that the same voice which gave the law, is now announcing the remedy for breaking the law, namely, His Son. This is one of three occasions when the Father spoke from heaven in delighted acknowledgment of His unique Son. The other places are Mat 17:5 and John 12:28.) Matthew 4 Jesus is Tempted by Satan (Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-13)
this, Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. (Mark 1:12 indicates this happened immediately after Jesus‘ baptism. Why should the Holy Spirit lead Him into such an encounter? The answer is that this temptation was necessary to demonstrate His moral fitness to do the work for which He had come into the world. The first Adam proved his unfitness for dominion when he met the adversary in the Garden of Eden. Here the last Adam meets the devil in a head-on confrontation and emerges unscathed. The purpose of the temptation was not to see if He would sin, but to prove that even under tremendous pressure He could do nothing
but obey the Word of God. There is deep mystery connected with the temptation of our Lord. Inevitably the question arises, ―Could He have sinned?‖ If we answer ―No,‖ then we must face the further question, ―How could it be a real temptation if He could not yield?‖ If we answer ―Yes,‖ we are faced with the problem of how God incarnate could sin. Like us, Jesus could be tempted from without: Satan came to Him with suggestions contrary to the will of God. But unlike us, He could not be tempted from within—no sinful lusts or passions could originate in Him. Furthermore, there was nothing in Him that would respond to the devil's seductions (John 14:30; 2 Cor 5:21; 1 Pet 2:22; 1 John 3:5). 2After fasting for 40 days and 40 nights, he finally became hungry. (The number 40 in Scripture is frequently used in contexts of testing or probation. Moses, David, etc. all went into the wilderness, typically for 40 days for a time of fasting and prayer. ―Fasting‖: Many different kinds. Extended fasts, second and third days are tough, yet after third day, easier for about another 37 days. Around 40th day you will be desperately in need of food in a medical sense.) 3Then the tempter came. “Since you are the Son of God,” he said, “tell these stones to become loaves of bread.” (What is wrong with turning rocks into bread? The fast is over and he is validity hungry. Is there anything wrong, morally, legally, levitically with being hungry? Jesus has used His supernatural power in other incidents to feed the multitudes, so why not use it now? The issue is not Him providing for His needs, but rather the Father‘s Will. Jesus discerned that it was not the Father‘s Will for Him to take this path. For us, we can‘t turn rocks into bread so we are not tempted by this incident. However, you are never tempted to do something which you are not capable of doing. You won‘t stumble in your weak suit; you will stumble in your strong suit. For example, Peter - his strongest capability was boldness and courage. Where did Peter fail? Lack of Courage, the night Jesus was betrayed he denied Jesus three times! The way we fall is through PRIDE.) 4But he answered, “It is written, „One must not live on bread alone, but on every word coming out of the mouth of God.‟” (―it is written‖: In all three responses, Jesus counters by quoting the Scriptures. Incidentally, all responses were from the book of Deuteronomy. Bread here includes all material food. It can also refer to much more than food. Cf. Deut 8:3. Bread alone does not fill a person‘s need. We must also feast, meditate on, and store away in our minds and hearts, every word that God has given us. ―Every word‖: Not just New Testament, not just the Psalms... Every word.) 5Then the devil took him to the Holy City and had him stand on the highest point of the Temple. (Implies that they were transported supernaturally.) 6He told Jesus, “Since you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, because it is written, „God will put his angels in charge of you,‟ and, „With their hands they will hold you up, so that you will never hit your foot against a rock.‟” (Satan is quoting Scripture. Satan probably knows the Bible better than you do, don‘t be surprised . Acts 17:11. When Satan quotes Scripture, it is out of context. Quoting from Ps 91:11,12 phrase left out to protect you in all your ways. ―to protect you in all your ways.‖... Satan is misquoting the Psalm and misapplying it.) 7Jesus responded to him, “It is also written, „You must not tempt the Lord your God.‟” (Jesus rebuts with Scripture. Cf. Deut 6:13,16)
‟” (Cf Deut 6:13. Luke 4:14-15) 12Now when Jesus heard that John had been arrested. Matthew is pointing out that those prophecies of those two tribes are being fulfilled in the fact that the Messiah of Israel is present in their borders and is beginning to preach. Gen 49:21. From the temptation of Jesus. This one year period is covered in John 1-4. “Go away. „You must worship the Lord your God and serve only him. Luke 4:5: In order to be tempted. along with their splendor. Like John the Baptist. “I will give you all these things if you will bow down and worship me!” (The devil tempted Jesus to become a Satan worshiper.) 13He left Nazareth and settled in Capernaum by the sea.Matthew 8Once more the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world. 9He told Jesus. Actually He was going right into the center of Herod's kingdom—the same king who had just imprisoned John. He can be bound. It may be that Matthew describes these temptations chronologically while Luke lists them climactically. Satan must really possess them! Cf 2 Cor 4:4. but that he is powerless against those who resist him with the Word of God. Gen 49:13 .) Jesus Begins His Ministry in Galilee (Mark 1:14-15. Satan! Because it is written. on the road to the sea. one must believe that one can deliver what is offered.. which is Gentile country.) 16The people living in darkness have seen a great light. he will flee from you.” (Note that the light would be brought to the Galilee. Jesus‘ first word in preaching to Israel was ―repent. across the Jordan. 1 John 5:19.‖) . Jesus began to announce. Satan does leave. for Jesus to be tempted by Satan‘s offer of all the nations of the world. he went back to Galilee.blessing/prophecy on Zebulun. Luke 4:5–12. Why do Matthew and Luke differ in the order of Christ's temptations? Cf. i. Jesus here resists him three times and the devil fled.e. a light has risen. in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali. Yet also the region which is north and has a lot of deep pagan background. on Naphtali. there were also Jewish settlements and that is whom he is dealing with.) 11So the devil left him. so what is Satan really offering Him? A shortcut! Bypassing the cross!) 10Then Jesus told him. topically. thereby showing that he is NOT omnipresent. and angels came and began ministering to him. 14in order to fulfill what was declared by the prophet Isaiah when he said. that is. It was not fear that drove Him north to Galilee. Galilee of the unbelievers! (Quoting from Isa 9:12. he has location. (A whole year passed between verses 11 and 12. “Repent. we learn that the devil can attack those who are controlled by the Holy Spirit.) 17From then on. Jesus Christ knew that He was destined to rule. because the kingdom from heaven is near!” (―Began to announce‖: Starts his public ministry. (Scripture says if you resist the devil. 15“O Land of Zebulun and Land of Naphtali. Cf. and for those living in the land and shadow of death.
Recognition of the lordship of Christ makes all the difference in the world. (They immediately left the boat. and He asked. When you die. Luke 5:1-11) 18While Jesus was walking beside the Sea of Galilee. son of Zebedee. folks! Eternity is long! Where will you go when you pass on? It‘s going to be Heaven or it‘s going to be hell! So repent while you‘re able! Details in the Bible!) 20So at once they left their nets and followed him. Where. (This was not the first time that they met Jesus Christ. o where will you spend eternity? Heaven or hell when you die! This is your wake-up call! 2.) 19“Follow me. tattoo. (This ―calling‖ involves not just ―leaving‖ but also ―cleaving‖.Matthew Jesus Calls Four Fishermen (Mark 1:16-20. you are not following! The number one reason people don‘t share their faith is that their walk doesn‘t match their talk. the disciple learns to go where the fish are swimming.it was their profession in a very deep cultural sense. Why do you wear that cross. these fishermen became key figures in the evangelization of the world. They were in a boat with their father Zebedee repairing their nets. almost as a disciple. to be patient. tshirt.” he told them. which is different.. If you were to die tonight and stand in front of God. and their father. and his brother John.) 21Going on from there he saw two other brothers—James. most likely their fathers were fishermen. When he called them. They were casting a net into the sea. You can use any of the following questions to start witnessing: 1. jewelry? 7. Remember that if you are not fishing. chapter 1 we see that they were interested in his ministry. They did not change careers like we do! To leave their nets behind was a non-trivial step. ―I need some directions. to endure discomfort and inconvenience. do you know how to get there?‖ 2. because they were fishermen. he saw two brothers— Simon (also called Peter) and his brother Andrew. The concept of a ―calling‖ also involves the leaving behind of the old life. Also found in Gen 2:24 in the context of marriage. Where are you on your spiritual journey? What is happening spiritually in your life? 3. Can you help me out? I am trying to get to heaven. Here He is calling them to service. what do you think will be the most important thing to you? 9. what do you think is on the other side? What do you think is out there when you walk out of here? 6. They were fishermen. to use the proper lure. 22they immediately left the boat and their father and followed him.. What is the most important thing in the world to you? On the day you die. Another reason people don‘t share their faith is that they don‘t know how to. Life is short. are you 100 percent sure that you would go to heaven? 4. “and I will make you fishers of people!” (In following Christ. ―Why should I let you into heaven?‖ what would you tell Him? 5. Had they remained at their nets. Do you want to go to heaven? 8. In the gospel of John. and to keep out of sight. Note that to embrace a calling by the Lord Jesus Christ involves leaving and . By responding to the call of Christ. we would never have heard of them. If you died tonight. Do you know where you are going if you were to die tonight? If you are open-air preaching you can also use any of the following to start preaching and go from there: 1.
Epilepsy is a real medical malady. If we expect to be in His Kingdom in Heaven.) Jesus Ministers to Many People (Luke 6:17-19) 23Then he went throughout Galilee. The term means ―good news of salvation. proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom. which is a real spiritual malady). ―Decapolis‖ = Lit. and from across the Jordan followed him.. Rather He called people of 1 Cor 1:26. Jerusalem. Demon possession will be encountered later in Matthew. and healing every disease and every illness among the people. He wasn‘t talking to them. 25Large crowds from Galilee. the epileptics. His followers. a loose federation of ten cities strongly influenced by Greek culture. because the kingdom from heaven belongs to them! (To be destitute or poor in spirit is to have a humble opinion of ourselves. the demon-possessed. He is talking to His disciples. or men of rank or power. Judea. He was talking to His followers.. and . (Throughout all Syria.) Matthew 5 Jesus Teaches about the Kingdom 1When Jesus saw the crowds. and that doesn‘t mean everyone present was His disciple as He does make reference to the Scribes and the Pharisees. (Verse 23 is the first use of gospel in the NT. we must turn from our sinning and rebellion. not men of letters.‖ The Kingdom refers to both the Kingdom of God in Heaven and God‘s Kingdom on earth. now called the Golan. and the paralyzed—and he healed them. ―taking his seat‖: Shows His authority. and serve and obey Him now as our Lord and King on earth. Interesting who Jesus called. ―demons‖ are not an Old English euphemism for talking about psychiatric problems. as opposed to demon possession. his disciples came to him (―His disciples came to him‖: Don‘t assume that there were 12. and that there is no way that we can save ourselves. teaching in their synagogues. and people brought to him everyone who was sick—those afflicted with various diseases and pains. he went up on the hill.) The Blessed Attitudes (Luke 6:20-23) 3“How blessed are those who are destitute in spirit. to fully realize what sinners we are.Matthew cleaving. Cf Mat 7:28-29). men of influence. the Ten Cities. 2and he began to teach them: (This is the greatest sermon ever preached by the greatest evangelist who ever lived. It is to be willing to be saved only by God‘s rich grace and mercy. After taking his seat. the Decapolis.) 24His fame spread throughout Syria. (Starting to gain a widespread following.
And they will literally inherit the earth and reign with Christ over it when Christ. read the account of the Judgment in Matthew 25:31-46.) 8“How blessed are those who are pure in heart. for unbelievers. because it is they who will receive mercy! (―merciful‖: Why? Basis of all of God‘s dealings for us.Cf 2 Cor 1:3. This is evidence of your new life in Christ. Persecuted. and over all sin. 5:10. heal the broken hearted in Ps 34:8. Rom 8:28. but for righteousness' sake.) 5“How blessed are those who are humble. and to come alive to God‘s plans and desires for us. It is the receiving of injuries with a belief that God will vindicate us. what do you hunger and thirst after? The natural man will have nothing of this . People hate a . To be merciful means to be actively compassionate. it will be fulfilled. A pure-hearted person is one whose motives are unmixed. To hunger and thirst for righteousness. 21:7) 6“How blessed are those who are hungry and thirsty for righteousness. For a graphic picture of the truth of this statement by Christ. whose thoughts are holy. Believers do all their mourning in this life. because it is they who will be comforted! (…mourning with those who mourn. In one sense it means to withhold punishment from offenders who deserve it. It is to such people that Jesus promises Heaven. because it is they who will be satisfied! (… at all times and in every situation. 1 Pet 2:19-22. It is strength under control. In a wider sense it means to help others in need who cannot help themselves. and God will one day acknowledge them as people who bear the family likeness. and those who help keep peace between followers of Christ. nor cowardice. Cf Rom 12:19. a surrender of our rights. By making peace. no matter who or how many make up the opposition. because it is they who will inherit the earth! (To be humble or meek is not an inferiority complex. to be where God wants us to be. today's grief is only a foretaste of eternal sorrow. not choosing to neglect or ignore anything that God‘s desire or command. must be saved in the first place! If you do have this appetite.) 4“How blessed are those who mourn. because it is they who will see God! (―pure in heart‖: Singleness in purpose. How do you know if you‘re saved? One way you can tell is by checking your appetites. which so dishonors God…God of all comfort . to say what He wants us to say. Rev 2:26-27. reigns for a thousand years in peace and prosperity.1 Cor 2:14. The only reason given why those at His right hand receive mercy is because they have shown mercy to Jews and followers of Christ. Being meek is not being a doormat. and their focus is on God‘s glory above all else.) 9“How blessed are those who make peace. the King.) 10“How blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness‟ sake. but especially mourning over our sin. Cf Ps 37. because the kingdom from heaven belongs to them! (This would include taking a firm stand for what you know is right. not for their own wrongdoings. whose conscience is clean.) 7“How blessed are those who are merciful. Rev 21:4. It means to die to all selfish ambitions for ourselves. 1 Cor 6:7. and so it should be reflexive. believers manifest themselves as sons of God.Matthew then to be willing to do what God wants us to do. Cf 1 Pet 2:21. 2 Tim 2:12. to go where He wants us to go. because it is they who will be called God‟s children! (The greatest peacemakers are those who work for peace between God and mankind – thru Jesus Christ. God has been merciful to us. So good that you have nothing to prove.
Never feel sorry for yourself under persecution. History has confirmed this: from the outset the world has persecuted. the greater the dedication. And consider Romans 10:9-10 . To be like the prophets of old. but rejoice – leap for joy! Your future is great! Jesus guarantees it. how can it be made salty again? It‟s good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled on by people. They want their rewards now. Do lukewarm ―Christians‖ and unbelievers speak well of you? If so read what Christ has to say about you in Luke 6:26. and it also creates thirst.) Salt and Light in the World (Mark 9:50. But if the salt should lose its taste.Matthew righteous life because it exposes their own unrighteousness. the greater the reward. but He does promise a GREAT REWARD in Heaven. easy way to Heaven. and that‘s all they will have. and say all sorts of evil things against you falsely because of me! (Expect persecution when you go all out for Him in all things. If a disciple fails to be the salt of the earth by living out the terms of discipleship listed in the Beatitudes. It is recorded in Luke 6:22-23 that Christ told those who were persecuted for their faithfulness to leap for joy when they were persecuted for their faithful and outspoken testimony. and like His faithful servants of the past who have faithfully preached the whole message of the New Testament. Cf Mat 13:21. and killed followers of Jesus. (―salt of the world‖: Salt was used as a preservative. It preserves materials from corruption. Some persecution will be subtle. is to be outspoken as Christ and the apostles were and to teach what they taught! There are so many these days who are called ―a really nice guy‖ who preach a watered-down. they will persecute you. jailed. Always keep that in mind! Always!) 12Rejoice and be extremely glad. No doubt. and introduces flavor. without compromise. The rewards will be extremely great! See 1 Cor 2:9. that there is just no way of comparing the two values. The world has only contempt for an undedicated believer. They are a stench and a disgrace to Christianity! You cannot be like them and expect a great reward in Heaven. and the greater the loss of worldly success and acceptance. If people persecuted Him. Live and speak boldly for God right where you are. Cf Mat 16:24-27. Luke 14:34-35. The great reward that is assured by Christ is the reason for the extreme happiness to be expressed at such a time – and in all future time as we continue faithful.) 11“How blessed are you whenever people insult you. 2 Tim 3:12. Mark 9:50. as mentioned in the next verse. That‘s the reason to be extremely glad in such persecution. Be like Christ. men will tread his testimony under their feet. from the distant past to the recent past. some not so subtle. But consider the great results. because your reward in heaven is great! That‟s how they persecuted the prophets who came before you. and there‘s no telling what the final great results will be. Luke 14:34-35) 13“You are the salt of the world. persecute you. Christ doesn‘t promise popularity in the present life when you do this.” (The rewards promised in Heaven for being faithful will so far outweigh the temporary value of any earthly loss or harm.
(Monastic error: Some who wanted to pursue spiritual growth would withdraw from the world and hide themselves in a monastery. not one letter or one stroke of a letter will disappear from the Law until everything has been accomplished. Cf. However. even the smallest stroke. What is it about you that is to ―illuminate‖ others? Your life is to show the light of Jesus Christ. Error because one is not to hide their light under a basket. I didn‟t come to destroy them. or just keep your faith personal and private?) Jesus Fulfills the Law and the Prophets 17“Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. then ‗Let your light shine to all.Matthew here. He came to fulfil for us. So all these demands. let your light shine before people in such a way that they will see your good actions and glorify your Father in heaven.‘ Miss no opportunity to do good‖. John 8:12. The law came by Moses. even in what might seem small unimportant details. are you a beacon or a flash light with dying batteries? Many can use the keyboard to be a light but what about the real world? Do people in your neighborhood know you are saved and have you been a witness to people in your city or do you only shine that light on Sunday for one hour? Have you shined that light publicly and do you radiant the glory of God. He did not intend that we hoard the light of His teaching for ourselves. We should be set on a hill. and the witness you give for Him. Where is your light to shine? It is to illuminate those around you. (Jesus believed in the literal inspiration of the Bible. but that we share it with others. Your works do not cause your light. lifting up our voice like a trumpet to show this people their transgression. A city located on a hill can‟t be hidden. but to fulfill them. (Are Christians still under the law of Moses? Jesus assumes an authority higher than Moses. Nothing in Scripture. rather it is your light that causes your works. and it gives light to everyone in the house.” (Speaking to saved. neighbors and co-workers about the God of the Bible? Is there any darkness in your personal life and are you willing to take your light into darkness and expose sin for Jesus? And just how bright is that light of yours.) 18because I tell all of you with certainty that until heaven and earth disappear.) 15People don‟t light a lamp and put it under a basket but on a lamp stand. (―light of the world‖: Source of light is Jesus Christ. is without significance. but grace and truth by the Lord Jesus Christ. Jesus tells us that the gospel of salvation is the good news of everlasting life and is for this dying world.) 14“You are the light of the world. Some people say that religion is a personal thing and it should be kept to oneself.) 16In the same way. 9:5. So be visible in the stand you take for Christ. 12:3536. Jesus came to fulfill the Law on our behalf. John Wesley said: ―If doing a good act in public will excite others to do more good.) 19So whoever sets aside one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom from . Have you let your light shine before men or have you hidden your light? Does your family know about God? Have you ever witnessed to your friends. We should be preaching on the housetops.46.
Anyone that tries to reconcile himself to God by his works. the abode of the dead or unseen world. a place without hope. Mark 9:43. It is a place of eternal. Matt. Gehenna is permanent. 16:23. ―Hell‖ is ―ghenna‖ vs. 23:15. Hades. so there can‘t be one. Unbelief doesn‘t change reality. We may believe that poison doesn‘t kill. 11:23. anyone who is angry with his brother without a cause will be subject to punishment. Exodus 20:13. We may believe that the earth is flat. 18:9. 10:28. conscious torment and suffering. There are some who will say: ―I don‘t believe in hell. In Jesus' day. 45. people who used the word Raca were subject to trial before the Sanhedrin.Matthew heaven. Jesus says that the one who utters such a curse is in danger of hell fire. ―You Fool!‖ merits Hell? A ―fool‖ signifies someone who ought to be dead and it expresses the wish that he were. these were the ones closest to perfection. Exod 20:13. Maybe misguided and mistaught. his legalism is pharisaical. Jesus elevated the Law from an external act to the internal motives of the heart.) 23“So if you are presenting your gift at the altar and remember there . the highest court in the land. (Most people can find what they think is a valid cause for their anger. And whoever says.) Teaching about Anger 21“You have heard that it was told those who lived long ago. If anyone was righteous. his rules. Today it is common to hear a person cursing another with the words. Deut 5:17 & Exod 21:12. a place of eternal torment. „You fool!‟ will be subject to hell fire. Jesus states that one must exceed their righteousness. „You are not to commit murder.‟ and. Luke 12:5. Hell is a very real place.In the cultural awareness of that day. describing its horrors in graphic detail. ―God damn you!‖ He is calling on God to consign the victim to hell. unless your righteousness greatly exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees. Cf.‟ (Cf. We need to convince people of its reality and warn them not to go there. Lev 24:17) 22But I say to you. God sees the thought-life: He weighs our motives and judges the intent of the hearts. such people won‘t even make it into the Kingdom of Heaven. they tried to adhere to the keeping of the Law. 47. ―Raka" is Aramaic for ―You worthless one‖.) 20because I tell you. Because according to the next verse. they were zealous and sincere. but it is not. it matters what is true. it was the scribes and Pharisees. These words would have astounded Jesus‘ hearers. but anger is justified only when God's honor is at stake or when someone else is being wronged. especially Christ and the Father. but as to how those presently in the Kingdom of Heaven view you. But whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom from heaven (This is not referring to your future position in the Kingdom of Heavenm. it doesn‘t matter what we believe. you will never enter the kingdom from heaven!” (The scribes and Pharisees were not insincere. Yet. „Whoever murders will be subject to punishment. It is never right when expressed in retaliation for personal wrongs. but it does.‖ Remember. a place of irrevocable alienation from God. And whoever says to his brother „Raka!‟ will be subject to the Council. according to the Bible. Jesus spoke of it thirty-three times.
Cf. because we can lust with our eyes closed. (The passion you have not turned away from.‖ He is amplifying with His own authority what the Law says explicitly. and you will be thrown into prison. It is better for you to lose one of your body parts than to have your whole body thrown into hell. A good way to take this very prudent advice from the Lord is this: You are a sinner. 29So if your right eye causes you to sin. or your opponent may hand you over to the judge. Jesus is talking about our relationship with God and what God sees. quadran. you do not satisfy the sex urge. 24leave your gift there before the altar and first go and be reconciled to your brother. the wrong you have not made right. „You are not to commit adultery.) 30And if your right hand causes you . God receives no worship from a believer who is not on speaking terms with another. Now is the time you must come to an agreement with God. and the judge to the guard.‖ The conscience knows the difference. True. that does not mean there is no application today. Then come and offer your gift. The act is what we presumably could perceive or judge or deal with. There‘s only one breath between you and death. why does He tell us we better take drastic measures not to lust? I do not believe that the end result He intended was literally pluck an eye out. (For those who think of Jesus as one who would not judge someone to Hell. Exod 20:14. Ex 20. God has a lawsuit against you. and He sees into our heart. This principle is what is underlying His whole reinterpretation of the Law of Moses. and He will save your soul. and if we nourish it. the Bible doesn‘t condemn looking at a pretty girl. Jesus is saying that the crime of adultery is not committed in the act.) Teaching about Adultery 27“You have heard that it was said. anyone who stares at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.e. we eventually commit the act. Cf 2 Pet 2:14). You are invited to make amends with God by turning from your rebellion against Him to obeying Him. (Even though these words are written in a Jewish context. it is committed in the intent of the heart. i. Paul interprets this concept in relation to the Lord's Supper. Adultery in Israel was a capital crime. you will not get out of there until you pay back the last dollar!” (Lit. Don‘t delay! Eternity is much nearer than you think. it condemns ―lust. you pour oil on a fire to quench it.) 26I tell you with certainty. will meet you as your adversary at the judgment bar of God. and trusting in Jesus as your Savior.. tear it out and throw it away.‖ Sin begins in the mind.Matthew that your brother has something against you. ―If you think or act adultery. about 1/64 of a daily wage for a common worker. He meant to shock us and motivate us to be serious about taking precautions in this sin and to not ignore the reality of hell. Accept His invitation at once.) 25Come to terms quickly with your opponent while you are on the way to court. not in the act. See 1 Corinthians 11. He says ―But I say. (Jesus spoke with authority.‟ (Cf. The crime is in the heart. If you die in your sins you will never live where God lives. Deut 5:18) 28But I say to you. Men will often try to justify lust by saying that there‘s nothing wrong with looking at a pretty girl.
He did not use the words commits adultery in a tense that meant ―one time. The word for adultery is a completely different word in the Greek. they cut off your right hand.” (What the Lord is pointing out is how serious it is for us not to offend the Father. premarital sex.‖ It is a continuing tense. Jesus told his Jewish audience that they could not ―divorce‖ except for ―porneia‖ which means fornication or in today‘s vernacular. Moichao. If you are caught stealing. That was the only ―escape clause‖ that Jesus points out. If adultery is grounds for divorce and remarriage I am sure almost every man and woman has the right to divorce at least one time in their marriage. ―Right Hand‖: In Moslem countries. that is sex outside of marriage. in this Greek tense. Now.) 32But I say to you. a young man could legally put away that wife. „Whoever divorces his wife must give her a written notice of divorce. except for sexual immorality. causes her to commit adultery. This indicates a situation that started at some point and is continuing. No. Deut 24:1. along with the Arabian people and other Semitic cultures.” (―Sexual immorality‖ = Literally fornication. then. Mark 10:1-12. Deut. but also ostracized from society. during betrothal. He was not talking about those who had been married for 10-15 years. and that which still prevails in the orthodox Jewish communities of today. Luke 16:18) 31“It was also said. Jesus. written in what is called the present indicative tense.3. and it became a loop-hole for the other person to leave. any man who divorces his wife. then one of the spouses had an affair. Your right hand is the only hand that you are allowed to eat with in the Arab cultures. sexually.) Teaching about Divorce (Matthew 19:1-12. You can see that by using two different words. He had twenty-four hours to decide. the setting in which Jesus was speaking. that is premarital sex during the espousal period of Mat 1:18… from moichao/adultery. we have to lay aside our emotions on this .‟ (Cf. The court can decide if one is being tried for the third time for a petty offense.Matthew to sin. The words ―commits adultery‖ are. cut it off and throw it away from you. Jesus called lust adultery. in the original Greek language. no matter what we think about it. It is better for you to lose one of your body parts than to have your whole body go into hell. had children. If just after the wedding it was discovered that there were no ―tokens of virginity‖. The exception Jesus mentioned here dealt specifically with a violation. The parents would willingly write up a divorcement and the young man was free to go and marry again with nothing behind him. A severe interpretation of the divorce laws. is teaching that the relationship in the circumstance of a remarriage is ―committing adultery‖. and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery. Jesus is instructing us in what God‘s righteousness is. Not only was a thief marked by their impediment. in that case. they have a concept of being socially unredeemable. Jesus is separating Porneia/fornication. 22:13-22. this is not referring to that–not in the context of understanding a Jewish view of marriage.
We have to lay aside who it is we may be talking with or about. because it is God‟s throne. That is false. like John the Baptist when He confronted Herod and Herodias with their ―sinful lifestyle‖ Mark 6:14-29. divorce is permissible in the Bible. He initiated this entire topic himself. If someone steals and wrecks your car. However. Some people believe the only reason He talked about divorce is because the Pharisees questioned Him.. Maybe they had heard what was said on the hillside from ―rumors‖ and did not see His intent. however. Jesus is very clear–if someone is divorced and remarried. let your message be „Yes‟ for „Yes‟ and „No‟ for „No. as long as they continue in that relationship then they are in a continuing state of adultery. In reality.. No writ of divorce will equal the covenant of marriage. His Yes should mean Yes. „You must not swear an oath falsely. „An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. it is referring to civil law concerning restitution. authority for punishment was vested in the government. he is to buy you another one. The Pharisees were trying to trap Him later in Matthew 19:9 and Mark 10. because it is his footstool.‟ (This verse is so often misquoted by the world. It does not. an oath is unnecessary. Jesus first addressed it on the hillside.) Teaching about Oaths 33“Again. to be committing adultery. and his No should mean No. nor by Jerusalem. Num 30:2. 36Nor should you swear by your head. Through divorce the way was opened for four people to be involved in committing adultery if there are two remarriages.‟ Anything more than that comes from the evil one.Matthew issue. Many believe it is giving a license to take matters into our own hands and render evil for evil. but possibly their first spouse as well. Deut 23:21-23) 34But I tell you not to swear at all.a car for a car. not in the individual. but remarriage while a spouse is still living is not a biblical option.) Teaching about Retaliation (Luke 6:29-30) 38“You have heard that it was said. See 2 Cor 1:23. Phil 1:8.” (For the Christian. Remarriage violates the marriage covenant. „You must fulfill your oaths to the Lord. forbid taking an oath in a court of law. This was both a command to punish . because you cannot make one hair white or black. an eye for an eye. Gal 1:20. We must deal with the soul of the issue. you have heard that it was told those who lived long ago. a tooth for a tooth. So there was a possibility of Jesus being killed. And they are causing not only the person that they have now married. Yes. 37Instead. 35nor by the earth. Lev 19:12.‟ (Cf. according to the OT. he is to restore the ox. Notice the man was the only one allowed to divorce. Paul used an oath to call God as his witness that what he was writing was true. because it is the city of the Great King. Women were never allowed to divorce and remarry in the Jewish culture. neither by heaven. No one demands an oath from those whose word is known to be their bond. If someone steals your ox.‟ but.
this does not mean to give to people what will harm them. Jesus no more expected His listeners to take. this spirit underlay much of their indoctrination. as we know from other things Jesus said and did. a legal allowance which they could invoke. turn the other to him as well. it does not mean give to those who can work. regards retaliation as part of the duty of the civil ruler. If one wants to be painfully literal. There are many Christians. (A Roman mile consisted of 1. The spirit of what Jesus is saying here is radically different from the ―sue the shirt off the back of your neighbor‖ society in which we live. See verses 29–30!). But what was to happen when Christians became rulers. Lev 19:18. however. Teaching about Love for Enemies (Luke 6:27-28. who hold that this teaching should be put into practice by communities and nations as well as by individuals. Deut 19:21) 39But I tell you not to resist an evildoer. for if the striker is right-handed. who repeats and underlines Jesus‘ teaching of nonretaliation. There was a rule by Roman soldiers that one was to take them a mile.Matthew and a limitation on punishment—the penalty must not exceed the crime. ―Don‘t retaliate at all. Exod 21:24. Unprovoked assault prompts resentment and retaliation. Furthermore. the assault is particularly vicious. let him have your coat as well. See Romans 13:34. Lev 24:19-20. 41And if anyone forces you to go one mile. Although they were never explicitly commanded to hate their enemy. But now Jesus takes a further step. the command to ―give to the person who asks you‖ than He intended them to literally cut off their hands and pluck out their eyes if they caused them to sin. show yourself master of the situation by doing something to his advantage. It belongs to the sphere of personal behavior. Jesus' statement presupposes that the person who asks for help has a genuine need. Cf 2 Thess 3:10. Cf.‖ he says to his disciples. and do not turn away from the person who wants to borrow something from you. The admonition to turn the other cheek is given by Jesus to his disciples. if someone does you an injury or puts you to inconvenience. it is with the back of his hand that he hits the other on the right cheek.” (Should believers literally give anything to anyone who asks? First of all. (Turn the other cheek? This is a hard saying in the sense that it prescribes a course of action which does not come naturally to us. „You must love your neighbor‟ and hate your enemy. 32-36) 43“You have heard that it was said. go two with him. Here Jesus is giving the Kingdom law.) 42Give to the person who asks you for something. but refuse to. This attitude was a . as in due course some did? Should the Christian magistrate practice nonretaliation toward the criminal who comes up before him for judgment? Should the Christian king practice nonretaliation toward a neighboring king who declared war against him? Paul. without qualification.000 paces. not a social ethic for society. (Cf. ―Don‘t harbor a spirit of resentment. whoever slaps you on the right cheek.) 40If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt. Cf Mat 7:10. On the contrary.
) 45so that you will become children of your Father in heaven. flawless.‖ However.Matthew summary of the OT's outlook toward those who persecuted God's people. Perfection in holiness is something that we must continually pursue all our lives – See 2 Cor 7:1. as your heavenly Father is perfect. don‟t they? (The unsaved can do that.) 44But I say to you. (It may seem that Christ is contradicting what He said in 5:16. paying taxes to Rome. love your enemies.) 48So be perfect. See Psalm 139:21-22. because that would require that we be ―without defect. in third person.1 Jn 3:18. 46If you love those who love you. There are several reasons why as Christians we should pray for those who persecute us: 1. we are commanded to. (The fact that love is commanded shows that it is a matter of the will and not primarily of the emotions. He has always been perfect and doesn‘t need to mature. that‟s no great thing you‟re doing.‖ If that were true. One difficulty lies in the sentimental associations that the word love has for many of us. it can lead to the salvation of the persecutor. They were franchised thieves. They were also hated ―sinners‖ because they would often charge more tax than directed. and pocket the surplus.Malachi 3:6. calling God ―mature‖ implies that He was once immature. God never changes .‖ The best way to destroy an enemy is to turn him into a friend. ―lend your enemy a helping hand when that is what he needs.” (Some believe Jesus didn‘t really mean ―perfect‖ here. there is nothing distinctively Christian about it. Matthew 6 Teaching about Giving to the Poor 1“Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of people in order to be noticed by them. In 5:16 Christ is challenging His followers to live in such a way that they will . Your feelings toward him are not the important thing. you will have no reward from your Father in heaven. don‟t they? (―tax collectors‖: Israel was a captive nation at this time. Heb 12:14). It was a righteous hostility directed against the enemies of God. Jews who were willing to collect these taxes and get their cut were thoroughly despised by other Jews. Matthew was a tax collector! Matthew. because he makes his sun rise on both evil and good people. The collaborators.‖ says Jesus. ―Be mature. and pray for those who persecute you. himself. prayer is an antidote against bitterness. 2. and 3. they think He was telling us to be ―mature. The most despised characters around. is it? Even the unbelievers do the same. instruments of Rome. Such a thought is contrary to Scripture. it is certain that we will never make an impact on the world. The love of which the law and the gospel alike speak is a very practical attitude . using as an idiom of belittling. Cf Prov 25:21-22.) 47And if you greet only your relatives. Rom 12:21. what reward will you have? Even the tax collectors do the same. as your heavenly Father is mature. Love to one‘s neighbor is expressed in lending him a helping hand when that is what he needs: ―Right. If our standards are no higher than the world's. and he lets rain fall on the righteous and the unrighteous. hated even more than the Gentiles. If you do. but that is not the case.‖ Instead. then He would be saying.
These eternal rewards will be much greater. go into your room. In Matthew 14:23. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you. In Matthew 6:6 Jesus. So live your life in such a way that you will bring honor to God. The Lord dismissed their conduct with the terse comment: ―They have their full reward‖ i. Prov 5:21. If you get your reward from the people. See Prov 19:17. I tell all of you with certainty.” (―who sees in secret‖: See 2 Chron 16:9. But here in 6:1 the Lord is warning about giving to the needs of others in such a way that you seek honor for yourself. their only reward is the reputation they gain while on earth). They should not purposely position themselves in public areas so that others will see them praying and be impressed by their piety. and obviously far more enduring. For example. but. In the Scriptures. close the door. He went into the . 3But when you give to the poor.) 2So whenever you give to the poor. said to pray in the inner chamber. 15:3. and pray to your Father who is hidden. since it is virtually impossible to make all one's contributions strictly anonymous. don‟t let your left hand know what your right hand is doing. He went to the mountain to pray.. Those rewards will be of far greater value than any reward we could receive now. If the love for prominence is the only motive in prayer. God gives many rewards in this life. Jesus declares. but don‘t seek to do anything in such a way that you will bring honor to yourself.) Teaching about Prayer (Luke 11:2-4) 5“And whenever you pray. I tell all of you with certainty. in Mark 1:35.) 6But whenever you pray. (This passage should not be pressed to prohibit any gift that might be seen by others. than any rewards received in this life.) 4so that your giving may be done in secret. We should be careful not to desire to be recognized and praised for the help we give others in any way. people prayed in a variety of places. you must have it a private deal. (From this verse. they have their full reward! (Next Jesus warns His disciples against hypocrisy when they pray. the prominence gained is the only reward. If you want your reward from the Father. Our great desire should be to serve the Lord in such a way that we will have eternal rewards.Matthew bring honor to God. they have their full reward! (It seems incredible that hypocrites would noisily attract attention to themselves as they gave offerings in the synagogues or handouts to beggars in the streets. 6:10. 2 Cor 5:10. don‟t be like the hypocrites who love to stand in the synagogues and on the street corners so that they will be seen by people. And your Father who sees from the hidden place will reward you. then.e. But this likely refers to the rewards given at the great Judgment Seat of Christ. don‟t blow a trumpet before you like the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets so that they will be praised by people. It simply condemns the blatant display of giving. God will pass. we get the basic biblical principle about the proper place to pray: the principle of seclusion. Daniel prayed in a private home .Dan.
(Should we pray for something more than once? Paul did for his thorn in the flesh. on earth as it is in heaven. See Acts 2:42. readiness state of mind to pray. we should pray for the advancement of God's cause. It was given to His disciples as a model after which they could pattern their prayers. ―Our Father‖: Prayer of the saved. We should be able to pray prayers wherever we are: outside. Our Lord repeated the same words three times when He prayed in Gethsemane. we are told that we should pray in every place. 12. (It is reasonable to ask. constant. why we pray—to be seen by people or to be heard by God. Isa 14:12+ where Satan proclaimed the 5 ―I wills‖. In 1 Timothy 2:8. anywhere we happen to be. It also expresses a longing to see His will acknowledged throughout the world. Sin is doing that which is not in the Will of God. The Bible allows us to pray in any particular place. May your will be done. Just talk to your heavenly Father as candidly and intimately as a young child.Matthew desert to pray. Praying the same words when they come from the heart is not mindless repetition. they prayed on the beach. 7 seems to rule this out. don‟t say meaningless things like the unbelievers do. Must be ―born‖ into the family to be able to use the term. Multiple ―wills‖ in the universe. So there is no mandatory place of prayer in Scripture because the Scriptures encourage us to always be in continuous. we should pray for the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. It was not given as the exact words they were to use. and that is His Word! We should begin our prayers with worship. they prayed by a river side. ―Your will be done‖: In this petition we acknowledge that God knows what is best and that we surrender our will to His. How would you feel if every day your child pulled out a pre-written statement to dryly recite to you. or just walking down the street. 20:36. At issue here is. Before we can pray ―Your Kingdom come‖. this is how you should pray: „Our Father in heaven. ―Father. 2 Cor 12. nestled on Daddy‘s lap. because many words repeated by rote memory can become empty phrases.‖ ―May your Name be kept holy‖: God puts His Name very high. If our real motive is to get through to God. It is the basis of our communicating with God.) 10May your kingdom come. 12:12.) 7“When you are praying. Cf Jam 4:2) 9Therefore. they prayed in a private home. Cf. Specifically. 14:23. we must be willing to pray ―my kingdom go‖.) 8Don‟t be like them. In Acts 12:5. ascribing praise and honor to Him who is so worthy of it. rather than pouring out the events and emotions of that day? God wants to hear from your heart. on a train. ―Why pray at all?‖ The reason is that. because they think they will be heard by being so wordy. as an unsaved person can‘t pray this because he is not a child of God. may your name be kept holy. He will hear and answer. The early church met together for collective prayer. in a car. would talk to his earthly father. putting His interests first. In Acts 21:5. It is reading too much into the passage to use it to prohibit public prayer. It‘s the empty repetition of prayers that our Lord condemns. because your Father knows what you need before you ask him. on a plane. (―this is how you should pray‖: A pattern given. we acknowledge our need and dependence on Him. (After worship. 13:3. Also God does things in answer to prayer that He would not have done otherwise.) 11Give us today our daily . in prayer. v. inside. In Acts 16:13 and 16. with only one thing above His Name. in a home. The point is not where we pray.
Is God asked to deliver his children from evil by preserving them from temptation or by preserving them in temptation? By preserving them in temptation. I tell all of you with certainty. but deliver us from the evil one. probably. that might involve us in moral disaster. 1 Cor 10:13. However. he is saying to keep it a secret. Should be called the ―Disciple‘s Prayer.) 12and forgive us our sins. The last sentence of the prayer is omitted in the Roman Catholic and most modern Protestant Bibles since it is lacking in many ancient manuscripts. (After putting God's interests first.‖ This implies something like the following as the intention of our petition.‖ The Lord‘s Prayer should refer to John 17. Cf James 1:12-15. Job tells us that. Amen. ―When we find ourselves surrounded by temptation. therefore we pray not to be brought into tests of such severity. put oil on your head and wash your face. We know that our faith needs to be tested if it is to grow strong. indeed. Does He allow Satan to put us through trials? Yes. because they put on sad faces to show others they are fasting. If our faith gave way under the strain. (Does this mean that your forgiveness is conditional? Scripture is clear: if we refuse to forgive others.) 18so that your fasting will not be noticed by others but by your Father who is in the hidden place. Study the book of Job. It was given to instruct us as to how to pray. it would also bring discredit on the name of the God whom we call our Father.) 14Because if you forgive people their offenses. as we have forgiven those who have sinned against us. don‟t be gloomy like the hypocrites. (This prayer is often called ―The Lord‘s Prayer. But some tests are so severe that our faith could not stand up to the strain. they have their full reward! (―fast‖ = going without food as part of your earnest prayer. may we not be overpowered by it.‟ For yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever.) 13And never bring us into temptation. your Father will not forgive your offenses.Matthew bread.‖ That seems to mean. but He cannot tempt us to sin. both spiritual and physical. . Yet. we are permitted to present our own needs.” (See Mat 18:23-35) Teaching about Fasting 16“Whenever you fast. This petition acknowledges our dependence on God for daily food. your heavenly Father will also forgive you. It is appropriate to be reminded of a very similar petition which occurs in the Jewish service of morning and evening prayer: ―Do not bring us into the power of temptation. Nothing can come upon you that is not filtered by the Father. ―evil one‖: The source of those trials. we will not be forgiven. If you are in a fast for spiritual renewal purpose.‖ yet Jesus could not pray this prayer … the words are not appropriate for the Messiah to be saying to the Father.) 15But if you do not forgive people their offenses. Don‘t make a big show of it.) 17But when you fast. (A means of appearing in one's normal manner. the conditions of life in this world make it inevitable that our faith must be tested. (Why should we pray that God would not lead us into temptation when God cannot tempt anyone? God can test us. such a doxology is the perfect ending to the prayer and is in the majority of manuscripts. all is under control and limitations by the Father.
) God and Riches (Luke 16:13) 24“No one can serve two masters. But wealth is treacherous. your whole body will be full of darkness.” (It is enough that the Father knows. You cannot serve God and riches!” (The issue is not wealth. You will become like the gods you worship.Matthew And your Father who watches from the hidden place will reward you. Either we . we will know where our treasure is.) 21because where your treasure is. if the light within you has turned into darkness. Jesus goes on to apply it in the next verses. There‘s nothing wrong with money and wealth that is used in a right way for the blessing of mankind and the glory of God. In the first 18 verses of this chapter. So if your eye is healthy. 20But keep on storing up treasures for yourselves in heaven. If He did. This teaching forces us to decide if Jesus meant what He said. where moths and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal. very treacherous. The Lamp of the Body (Luke 11:34-36) 22“The eye is the lamp of the body. there your heart will be also. the word ―Father‖ occurs 18 times!) Teaching about Treasures (Luke 12:33-34) 19“Stop storing up treasures for yourselves on earth. who you worship. the issue is who you serve. ―What are we going to do with our earthly treasures?‖ If He didn't. Jesus says that the only investments not subject to loss are treasures in heaven. then we face the question. (He is indicating that there is no security in material things. Cf Ps 135:18. your whole body will be full of light. His reward will be better than people's approval. because either he will hate one and love the other. 23But if your eye is evil.” (If we know where our heart is. or be loyal to one and despise the other. yet you do it anyway. where moths and rust do not destroy and where thieves do not break in and steal. Therefore. if you know that Christ forbids trusting earthly treasures for security. and knowing where our treasure is will tell us where our heart is. then we face the question. ―What are we going to do with our Bible?‖). how great is that darkness!” (If the eyes of your soul are debased and are keeping you mainly concerned about earthly satisfactions and attainments – if they are diseased and not truly fixed on Heaven and the endless eternity that stretches forever before us – how dreadful that darkness is! In other words. then the teaching you have failed to obey becomes darkness—a very intense form of spiritual blindness.
Cf Matthew 12:12. worrying you? God the Father is our provider. So one can add years to one‘s life. He is not a mere part of the evolutionary process having to yield to the rights of animals. Mark 10:17-27. 16:1-13. What Jesus forbids here is multiplying barns in an attempt to provide future security independent of God. It is a form of blasphemy. They don‟t work or spin yarn. creatures of a lower order. If God gave us the great miracles of life and a body.) 26Look at the birds in the sky. without their conscious participation. Jesus said that mankind is ―more valuable‖ than birds and sheep. Planning is the futurity of today‘s decisions. and the body more than clothing? (―That‘s why‖: Important as it links it to what He just said.) 30Now if that is the way God clothes the grass in the field. and assume that it is not necessary for us to do any planning. can‘t we trust Him to supply our necessary food and clothing in some way? Luke 12:22-34. those for whom creation took place. aren‟t you? (The birds of the air preach to us how unnecessary it is for us to worry. You will miss the intent if you do not link it with the verse prior. does not say not to think about tomorrow. isn‟t it. Solomon .in the Scriptures is always used negatively. 1 Tim 6:10) Stop Worrying (Luke 12:22-34) 25“That‟s why I‟m telling you to stop worrying about your life—what you will eat or what you will drink —or about your body—what you will wear. Worry is assuming a responsibility that God did not intend for you to have. which is alive today and thrown into an oven tomorrow. See 2 Thess 3:10. If God sustains. He will all the more sustain. (His point is. No man builds a bridge but he first count the costs thereof. You are more valuable than they are. who do you get your provision from? Many mistake this verse. but not by means of worrying!) 28And why do you worry about clothes? Consider the lilies in the field and how they grow. See Mat 19:16-26. 29but I tell you that not even Solomon in all of his splendor was clothed like one of them. won‟t he clothe you much better—you who have little faith? 31“So .) 27Can any of you add a single hour to the length of your life by worrying? (Scientific experiments have revealed that people who exercise vigorously three times a week live longer than those who don‘t. Life is more than food. and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. ―Stop worrying‖: Linked to verse before about who is your master. And it denies His power by implying that He isn't able to provide for our needs. It denies the love of God by implying that He doesn't care for us. Worry is a sin. with their active participation. They don‟t plant or harvest or gather food into barns. Issue is not to be anxious. Man is the pinnacle of God‘s earthly creation. We should not infer from this that we need not work for the supply of our present needs. what is driving you. It denies His wisdom by implying that He doesn't know what He is doing.Matthew must put God first and reject the rule of materialism or we must live for temporal things and refuse God's claim on our lives. Luke 12:16-34.
God‘s Kingdom everywhere. I will guarantee your future needs and I will see that you never lack the necessities of life. The real purpose for which they were created and converted would be missed. The unconverted Gentiles live for the mad accumulation of material things. that Christ promises that God will supply all your needs in this life. paralyzing accident. and say.. and to His Kingdom in Heaven and on earth. 2. One's job is simply a means of providing for current needs. who have a heavenly Father who knows their basic needs. They could never be sure that they had saved enough. When faith begins. It is when you make God‘s deep concern for the lost your deep and earnest concern. and all of these things will be provided for you as well. trusting God for the future with unshakable confidence that He will provide. and especially in Heaven. The believer's responsibility is to live for the Lord.. catastrophe. because tomorrow will worry about itself. prolonged illness.) 33But first be concerned about God‟s kingdom and his righteousness.) 34So never worry about tomorrow. so that God may reign as King in every heart.‖) Matthew 7 . Surely your heavenly Father knows that you need all of them! (The conclusion is that we should not spend our lives in anxious pursuit of food. Acknowledging your need for God‘s forgiveness thru Jesus the Savior. Luke 17:21. everything above this is invested in the work of the Lord. Chapter 6 is about priorities. But it should not be so with Christians. Mat 28:18-20.” (This is God's ―social security‖ program. because there is always the danger of market collapse. How do you do that? By … 1.‖ Phil 4:13-19. our excuses fall short. anxiety ends. in effect. This means that God would be robbed of the service of His people.Matthew don‟t ever worry by saying. faith ends. To seek to really know God and His will must be the main business of every Christian. and clothing for the future. ‖If you will put God's interests first in your life. We spend so little time obeying His commandment to warn sinners to flee from the wrath to come. He says. Men and women bearing the divine image would be living for an uncertain future on this earth when they should be living with eternity's values in view. as if food and clothing were the whole of life. „What are we going to eat?‟ or „What are we going to drink?‟ or „What are we going to wear?‟ (Worry is the darkroom in which negatives can develop. To become interested and active in those exploits and pursuits that will please and glorify God. Each day has enough trouble of its own. drink. (This refers to both God‘s Kingdom in your heart.) 32because it is the unbelievers who are eager for all those things. We are called to live one day at a time. and 3. George Muller said: ―When anxiety begins. inflation. This certainly includes obeying the last command of Jesus. do. then their time and energy would have to be devoted to the accumulation of financial reserves. Think about how the Lord must feel when He sees us spending so much more energy satisfying and gratifying self while neglecting our commitments to Him. should be your greatest and all-consuming concern. see Luke 17:21. If Christians were to set before them the goal of providing in advance for all their future needs. When we consider what He‘s done for us. To live now to please God in everything you think.
literally. fainthearted. means two-faced.‘ I always tell them. The NT has many illustrations of legitimate judgment of the condition. Believers are to judge the doctrinal teaching of teachers and preachers by the Word of God: Mat 7:15-20. read: Leviticus 19:15-18. The contrast is one of size. Some of these include: 1. Luke 12:57. 4.) 4Or how can you say to your brother. (Paul Washer once said: ―People tell me. 3.‟ when the beam is in your own eye? 5You hypocrite! First remove the beam from your own eye.‖ Jesus is not teaching that we are to be undiscerning Christians. For more verses on judging. ‗Twist not Scripture lest ye be like Satan. We are to judge the fruits. 41-42) 1“Stop judging. God only. He purposely exaggerated the situation to drive home the point.) 3“Why do you see the speck in your brother‟s eye but fail to notice the beam in your own eye? (―speck‖: Small dried twig. Rom 14:1-5. Substantially larger and more dangerous than a twig. We have to discern which people are unruly. so that you won‟t be judged. or teaching of others. ―Beam‖ : A stick of timber. John 7:24. weak. The local church is to judge serious sins of its members and take appropriate action: Mat 18:17. 2:15-16. 1 Cor 4:1-5. and then you will see clearly enough to remove the speck from your brother‟s eye. 23:36. Jesus exposed our tendency to see a small fault in someone else while ignoring the same fault in ourselves. A question that is often asked is this: ―Why is it the modern day Church does not preach against sin nor use the word ‗repent‘ as we find so many examples in the Word of . And. Ezekiel 22:2. Jam 2:1-4. 6. 1 Cor 14:29. We should not judge the service of another Christian. Also. and treat them according to the instructions in the Bible: 1 Thess 5:14. to discriminate between good and bad or between good and best. Isaiah 58:1) 2because the way that you judge others will be the way that you will be judged. John 7:24. there are several areas in which the Christian is commanded to make a decision.Matthew Judging Others (Luke 6:37-38. 2. we should not judge by appearance. When disputes arise between believers. We must remedy our own faults before criticizing them in others. „Let me take the speck out of your eye. 1 John 4:1. ‗Judge not lest ye be judged. we should not judge a fellow believer by speaking evil about him Jam 4:11-12. conduct. Only one person knows the intent of the heart. 1 Cor 5:9-13. which is typically blown about in the wind. etc. they should be settled in the church before members who can decide the matter: 1 Cor 6:1-8. Christians have to discern if others are believers in order to obey Paul's command in 2 Cor 6:14. 5.” (―hypocrite‖: Actor in Greek. We should not judge those who have conscientious scruples about matters that are not in themselves right or wrong. Those in the church must judge which men have the qualifications necessary for elders and deacons: 1 Tim 3:1-13. and you will be evaluated by the standard with which you evaluate others. Proverbs 31:9. (We are not to judge the intent of the heart.. He never intended that we abandon our critical faculty or discernment. It is hypocritical to suppose that we could help someone with a fault when we ourselves have a greater fault. In addition. 1 Cor.
7. Do witness to those who oppose you. and the door will be opened for you. They are therefore unworthy and unfit to preach repentance. 18:1-8. very few are hostile to the Gospel when it‘s presented in love. and the person who keeps knocking will have the door opened. For example.) Ask. and tell them how they can receive God‘s forgiveness for their sins. don‘t waste much time with people who are savage and snarling haters of the Gospel. at this point. The verses must be understood in their immediate context and in light of the whole Bible's teaching on prayer. Search. it is a commandment in the sense that it is not optional. and you will find. and how they must then live in order to get to Heaven. Commandment an imperative. Not a promise in the sense that it is voluntary. but if you encounter continued strong opposition.) Despising the Holy 6“Never give what is holy to dogs or throw your pearls before pigs. we can get anything we ask for. (All are in the present tense in the Greek. and seek those who are willing to listen. Phil 4:6. and the person who keeps searching will find. God answers. i. encourage them to read the New Testament and discover the answers for themselves. The Christian must pray in faith and in conformity . Use your time wisely. ―Listen. Jas 1:5. At least. who will?‖ Most people wil l then listen. Ps 65:2) 8Because everyone who keeps asking will receive. they will trample them with their feet and then turn around and attack you. Therefore. just say to the person.. and it will be given to you. But this is simply not true. Keep searching.” (Verse 6 proves that Jesus did not intend to forbid every kind of judgment. Isa 26:9. Keep knocking. But very. Otherwise.Matthew God?‖ The main reason many believers do not preach repentance against sin is because they live in sin. The ‗beam‘ is still in their eye and they should not remove that piece of wood from another until they can see clearly. and when you speak to them one on one. Heaven is real – but so is Hell! In which direction is your family going? If you don‘t warn them about Hell. from Psalm 66:18 we learn that the person praying must have no unconfessed sin in his life. what seems like unqualified promises here are actually restricted by other passages. 19.e. They can not with a pure conscience speak against something they partake of. Knock (Luke 11:9-13) 7“Keep asking. verses 7 and 8 might seem like a blank check for believers. Cf. because most people are deeply concerned about their family. The great majority of the unconverted are more willing to listen to the Gospel than most Christians are willing to speak to them about it! But are we really converted to Christ if we refuse to obey and speak to others about Him? Consider Romans 10:9-10 here. (Taken out of context. representing continuous action. Now how do you know a ‗dog‘ or ‗pig‘ unless you judge them? The meaning is. See Luke 11:5-13.
do the same for them. There‘s lots of company on this road. We are all on a journey. Only a few get rich or famous. There‘s great liberty on the broad road. You can do anything and you‘re still on the road. he wouldn‟t give him a snake. miserable. Cf. weary road. Don‘t confuse this with Confucius who said: ―Don‘t do that which you don‘t want people to do to you. If human parents reward their children's requests with what is best for them. These appetites eventually become insatiable. But there are many disillusionments. because the gate is wide and the road is spacious that leads to destruction. Ecumenicalism: it doesn‘t matter what you believe as long as you are sincere. (As you go through life. this is. and many people are entering by it. people of . Cf. Prayer must be offered persistently and sincerely. The same applies to most of the others on this road. appearance of ease and enjoyment. disappointed. how much more will your Father in heaven give good things to those who keep on asking him! (The Lord argues from the lesser to the greater. it would transform all areas of international relationships. Sincerity is not enough.) 11So if you who are evil know how to give good gifts to your children. how much more will our Father who is in heaven do so. they find themselves on the broad road. because this summarizes the Law and the Prophets.) 10Or if he asks for a fish. family life. don‘t do that to somebody else that you don‘t want him or her to do to you. if you find yourself with many people. and the gate you are going through is gigantic and open to all. Jam 1:6-8 & 1 John 5:14. people of pleasure. it is the fruit of the gospel. flat stone. There‘s popularity. The concept of the Golden rule as it is described by Confucius or the Talmud. whatever you want people to do for you. There are the atheists. The way gets wider as you feed your appetites as you wish. Prov 13:15.) The Narrow Gate (Luke 13:24) 13“Go in through the narrow gate. the unconverted. Rom 3:23.Matthew with the will of God. As soon as children reach the age of accountability. would he? (An earthly father would neither deceive his hungry son nor give him anything that might inflict pain. nonreligionists. again in the negative. The Golden Rule is NOT a way of salvation. Most of those who do are discontented. Jas 1:5. This is a rebuttal to universalism Universalism: many paths to God. Same idea also found in the Talmud.) 12Therefore. then you have the wrong gate. The road ahead for those who are unfaithful to God‘s instructions is a miserable. agnostics. Cf. national politics. Jesus goes beyond passive restraint to active benevolence.‖ It‘s negative and it‘s passive. and dissatisfied. is there? (Pita bread in the Middle East is still baked in the shape of a round. and church life. and jolly companionship. Christianity is not simply a matter of abstinence from sin. since anything goes. Luk 18:1-8 & Heb 10:22). is not a declaration of God‘s love. If this verse were universally obeyed. Gal 6:7-8. treacherous. 9“There isn‟t a person among you who would give his son a stone if he asked for bread. it is positive goodness.” (The Golden Rule.
But Jesus has promised to be with you to help you overcome. or obeying all of Christ‘s commands. it‘s the warning of Jesus Christ. Phil 2:12-13. Rev 3:15-16. you are not on the way to life at all. No lukewarmness is accepted by God. and all other sins with which Satan has you enslaved to himself. The narrow gate gets us started on the right road. These ―Christians‖ believe in God and Christ with their minds. No mere human warns of this. He means that because of your sin. See Rom 6:16. to keep from being on either of the roads. Heb 5:9. rank. Are all who consider themselves Christians on the narrow road that leads to Heaven? Just what is the narrow gate that leads to everlasting life? In John 10:7-9 Jesus states that He is the door and the gate that leads to life. with God‘s help. So the key that now opens the gate for you to enter eternal life is your acknowledgment that Jesus Christ is your Savior. If you are satisfied with the disappointing side effects caused by living this way. but not with their hearts. It‘s not easy to triumph over natural inclinations day by day. in Bible reading. You‘re already on one of them. It‘s easy enough to believe and to accept the fact that Jesus is the Savior. the various sins of the flesh. became man. There‘s no middle road. steep. and there aren‟t many people who find it!” (Cf Luke 13:24. There are all kinds of temptations along the way that must be overcome. Luk 16:19-31. obey Him as your Lord. But also. They have little interest in fellowship with God in prayer. What does He mean by that? First of all. The way to Heaven is not an easy way. But if you want real life. to make it possible for God to forgive you. every age. See verses 21-27. but they fail to realize that God considers their selective obedience as rebellion. the road that leads to eternal life is narrow and hazardous. and suffered and died on the cross to make amends for your sin. They do many good things.) 14How narrow is the gate and how constricted is the road that leads to life. excruciating. God‘s incomparable Son and your Creator. The extreme effort needed to enter the gate that leads to Heaven involves determination to overcome. He will do everything in his power to keep you from making the decision in the first place to enthrone Jesus in your life as Lord. It leads to detruction – to the fires of an awful Hell! Ps 9:17. continue on. because in the will of God we must crucify evil passions – we must forgo . look for the narrow gate that leads to eternal life thru Jesus Christ as both Lord and Savior. He is passionately anti-God. But you must also consider the awful cost of not becoming His follower. John 14:23. Rev 20:11-15. Satan will do his dead-level-best to trip you up and get you to leave the path to Heaven. He. There‘s no fence to straddle. and he doesn‘t want you to become a child of God and inherit Heaven. racking pain and suffering at the end of the road. employment – and nominal Christians. and the destruction and endless. And once you enter the gate that leads to life. With His help you will safely arrive home in Heaven! But until you have entered the narrow gate in truth. in witnessing to others. but to truly obey Him as Lord is difficult indeed. But He also means that He is the Lord whom we must now obey if we are to gain life. But there‘s one great disadvantage in traveling this road. and hedged in on both sides. Cf Rev 3:20-21. The path to life is rough.Matthew ―progress‖. No one becomes a follower of the Lord without first counting the cost. but it‘s a most rewarding way. and that you will from now on. with God‘s help. Rom 10:9-10. Mat 10:28. There are tests of obedience that you will constantly meet up with.
Sheep are you and I. They are out to devour you.e. but He has promised that the results in an endless eternity will be glorious indeed! You cannot afford not to enter the narrow gate and then walk the narrow way with resolute. As a wise person is willing to do without many things as he devotes himself to his education.‖ The expression ―wolves in sheep‘s clothing‖ comes from this verse. And just like going on a trip. Their licentious lives and destructive teachings betray them. beware of false teachers! They are everywhere. unflinching and zealous determination!) A Tree is Known by Its Fruit (Luke 6:43-44) 15“Beware of false prophets who come to you in sheep‟s clothing but inwardly are savage wolves. You must be willing to let some of life‘s prizes go by. as C. for the next 60 or 70 years. they are here as minister to the Church of Satan! I. challenging. Spurgeon said. They water down the truth until. are they? (Know them by their fruits. the unstable. So much is at stake! Jim Elliot said: ―He is no fool who gives up what he cannot keep to gain what he cannot lose. They seem like one of us. 16) 16You will know them by their fruit. If a minister‘s message doesn‘t go all the way with Christ‘s teachings. Grapes aren‟t gathered from thorns.Matthew many pleasures and activities. which will never get you there. and total fulfilment ahead at the end of the road. 1 Pet 1:15. and the gullible. in order to make certain that yout endless eternal future will be truly rich and fulfilling.‖ As the next verses in Matthew warn. See v. H. You are called to take up your cross and follow in the footsteps of your Lord. They are not in here innocently misguided. 1 Cor 10:13. John 15:1-5. They are agents of Satan. but .. You may be a pilgrim as you walk the narrow road. if necessary. especially when we have the promise from Him that He will always be with us. especially if Christ would have no part in them. in preparation for a short and uncertain future of possibly 60 or 70 more years. But don‘t ever think that the Christian life is a cheerless life. See Phil 2:12-13. they are vicious unbelievers who prey on the immature. do not believe him. They are preaching an easy way to Heaven. and fulfilling life! It‘s a real challenge to live for Christ and speak out for Him. You must be willing to part with much of what the world calls success. He has also promised He will always be at our side to help us to overcome every temptation and trial. how much wiser it is to be willing to suffer the loss of even all things. Mat 28:18-20. the million dollar question is how do we know a ‗false prophet‘ unless we judge them. (Present tense. Believe what Christ and His apostles taught. No. but inwardly they are ravening wolves. or figs from thistles. and you will be safe. Heb 12:1-2. How do we tell? Again. the flock. Not judging the intents of the heart as that is God‘s business. part of the joy of the Christian life is anticipating the pleasures. it‘s a thrilling. ―There is not enough left to make soup for a sick grasshopper. riches. You‘re living for much higher and unsurpassed eternal prizes. but a crown awaits those who overcome! Christ never promised that the Christian life would be easy.
Teaching. 13:25-27) 21“Not everyone who keeps saying to me. every good tree produces good fruit. it‘s who you know. the majority of a congregation will have the same views and values as its minister. „Lord.) 17In the same way. „Lord. 1 Tim 4:1. and performed many miracles in your name. 1 John 4:1-3. Therefore. Have they become doers of God‘s message as a result of his preaching. and a rotten tree cannot produce good fruit.” (For amplification of this do read Paul‘s letters.‟ will get into the kingdom from heaven. It‘s not how much of the Bible you know. not head-knowledge. Col 2:8. 18A good tree cannot produce bad fruit.Matthew we are called upon to be fruit inspectors. if this applies to you.) 22Many will say to me on that day. A miracle simply means that a supernatural power is at work. Titus 1:10. That power may be divine or satanic. I Never Knew You (Luke 6:46. „I never knew you. He is not dividing his kingdom against itself in such a case. (We must have one goal in mind – obedience to the King! Otherwise we are not converted. 11:13-15. and disregard the rest.) 23Then I will tell them plainly. 2 Peter 1:10. nor is it even service! Just how serious is this warning? The present tense here indicates that they are fresh from the scenes and acts of their disobedience. Those who pick and choose the commands in the New Testament they are willing to obey. but only the person who keeps doing the will of my Father in heaven. sexual promiscuity and perversion then you will be cut down and cast into Hellfire for all eternity! John 15:1-6. Cf.11). preaching and active zeal for Christ are no . (This means that you are going to be judged by the fruit of your life of sin! You are the tree and if the record of your life is one long list of lying. Satan may empower his workers to cast out demons temporarily. 6:20. you who practice evil!‟” (Cf. Lord. but is plotting an even worse invasion of demons in the future. it‘s who you know. 2 Cor 2:17. and make absolutely sure that you are genuinely born again. cheating. Ps 6:8. they will be barred from Heaven. Not what you know. This is plural in both verses because we are not only to judge the life of the preacher. drove out demons in your name. God won‘t accept work for obedience. repent. or merely listeners? James 1:21-22. Lord. in order to create the illusion that the miracle is divine. Get away from me. remember. we prophesied in your name. didn‟t we?‟ (From these verses we learn that not all miracles are of divine origin and that not all miracle workers are divinely accredited. Are you in a personal relationship with Jesus Christ? The issue is fellowship. Within 5 years. but we are to judge the results of his preaching in the lives of his listeners. but a rotten tree produces bad fruit. greed. The life and teaching of those who claim to speak for God should be tested by the Word of God: Isaiah 8:20. 19Every tree that doesn‟t produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into a fire. stealing. are living in blatant disobedience to God! According to this warning from Christ. Also.) 20So by their fruit you will know them.
10:32-33. Tozer said. the intent to fully obey God must be real. in heeding the warning. become truly converted to Christ. 25:1-46. They build their house on sand rather than on the firm foundation of Jesus Christ and His words. because it was so radical? v. but even though imperfect. Eph 5:5). (Why. 21:42-46. no matter how fine a Christian he may think himself to be. but did not obey them. the crowds were utterly amazed at his teaching. ―It is my opinion that tens of thousands of people. 29 answers. James 2:20. See also Mat 8:11-12.‖) 27The rain fell. as indicated by Jesus Himself. They are prophecies of warning that only the rebellious will ignore or regard lightly. It is vital to realize the the Lord demands obedience and service on the part of those who would be His.” (Cf Malachi 3:18. The New Testament is filled with Jesus‘ commands to His followers. 12:36-37. have been brought into some kind of religious experience by accepting Christ. the floods came. 16:24-27. 15:12-14. It‘s not the world that hears the sayings of Jesus and doesn‘t obey them. (Learning is the modification of behavior . but don‘t obey them. people‘s actions have a great deal to do with their salvation. do them. Notice what He says about acting according to what He has taught and commanded.Matthew guarantee that you are living in obedience to Him in other matters.) 29because he was teaching them like a person who had authority. But these disappointments will not be the portion of those who. Most know only the ―Golden Rule‖ and ―Judge not.. (The foolish man was the one who heard the sayings of Jesus. if not millions. Notice the importance Jesus places upon our obedience to those commands. 36-43. The obedience of even the most godly Christians will be imperfect. Obviously. the Church is filled with false converts who sit among God‘s people and hear His words. the winds blew and battered that house. and the winds blew and beat against that house. and not like their scribes. . If obedience to the Lord is lacking. 13:24-30.saying don‘t just listen. Many will have some shocking and terrifying disappointments on that Great Day. there will be no salvation for that person. Read your Bible to know what God would have you do. everyone who listens to these messages of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on a rock. Gal 5:19-24. no matter what the cost. the floods came. A. See also Hebrews 5:9) 26“Everyone who keeps on hearing these messages of mine and never puts them into practice is like a foolish man who built his house on sand. W.‖ and even then their understanding is darkened. Your very life depends on it. 1 Cor 6:9-10. but it did not collapse because its foundation was on the rock. and they have not been saved.) The Two Foundations (Luke 6:47-49) 24“Therefore. These words of Christ are indeed future prophecy. 28When Jesus had finished saying all these things. Then do it. However. and it collapsed—and its collapse was total. (This is a most important prophecy by Jesus Christ.) 25The rain fell.
exactly what sin is. Lesions of the skin. they expect the existence of leprosy to increase. Primarily gets transmitted through improperly sterilized hypodermic needles. Dapsone is a drug that treats it. We have a disease that God identified with leprosy in the Old Testament and His ritualism to educate them about the evils of leprosy apply to you and I. (This leper had faith that the Lord could cure him. Our Savior has power to cleanse from sin and to qualify the cleansed person to be a worshiper. in that we are sinners. In a Biblical sense. if you want to.) 4Then Jesus told him. superficial nerves. We have a disease and there is no known cure. Does seem to be transmitted through prolonged physical contact. and said. and suspect about 11 million if they knew them all. In the case of the Jews. humid. as well as in the New Testament. and tattooing needles. large crowds followed him. A very loathsome disease. other than the Lord Himself. unfit to worship with the congregation of Israel. Luke 5:12-16) 1When Jesus came down from the hillside. Lepers were untouchables. 2 Kgs 5:1-15 for occasions where leprosy is cured.today‘s term for leprosy. See Num 12:13. Yet. South America and the Pacific Islands. leprosy is very detailed in the Old Testament. “See to it that you don‟t speak to anyone. a leper came up to him. theirs was an echo. There is no cure for leprosy in the Old Testament. Be clean!” And instantly his leprosy was made clean.” (―Hansen‘s Disease‖. We have a disease worse than leprosy. this contact made the person ceremonially unclean. Most prevalent in the low.) Matthew 8 Jesus Cleanses a Leper (Mark 1:40-45. and results in deformed and erosive extremities. that is. though people may not like it. Leprosy is a disease.Matthew (The people recognized a difference between Jesus' teaching and that of the scribes. a disease. they can never forget it. and true faith is never disappointed. (Though the teaching of Jesus was radical and extreme. a form of corruption. basic internal corruption that eventually causes the erosion of tissue. others not. and then offer the sacrifice that Moses commanded as proof to the authorities. go and show yourself to the priest. “I do want to. Truth is self-verifying and. Africa. and said. what is causing the external appearance is the corrosion internally. His was a voice. fell down before him. always supernaturally by God. only God Himself can make you clean. That leper is you and I. touched him. during certain times: certain times contagious. and there is an inner corruption that manifests itself outwardly especially in later stages.” . In the Old Testament. It is a manifestation of the corruption within. Instead.) 2Suddenly. very visible in its later stages. He spoke with authority. God is also using leprosy as a symbol of sin. their words were powerless. the genitals. it had a drawing power. extremities.) 3So Jesus reached out his hand. About 2 million known cases on the planet earth. attacks the eyes. in the 1980s around the world they have discovered that the resistance to that drug is increasing and therefore. “Sir. you can make me clean. tropical areas of Asia.
that it should have alerted this priest to investigate whether the Messiah had appeared at last. Not a Jew. But He knew that Israel was still unrepentant. I say to one of them „Go‟ and he goes. This was probably because He was aware that many people.” (Jesus is going to go to a Gentile home.” (The Centurion is making the analogy of authority. my servant is lying at home paralyzed and in terrible pain. (―Centurion‖: The head of about 80 men. he understands that Jesus does not have to go to his house and defile Himself by entering Gentile quarters. not to the world at large! Matthew seems to present the centurion as the one who seeks the help of Jesus. so extraordinary. This is one of two times when Jesus is said to be amazed. It was no doubt a rare event for a leper to be healed. in fact.” (This was an unusual display of compassion—most officials would not have shown such concern for a servant. See also Mat 9:30. Cf Mark 6:6. an indictment to Israel who should have first understood the authority of who was standing before them. Luke seeems to say that the centurion sent elders to see Jesus. it is unclean.) 8The centurion replied.) 6“Sir. not even in Israel have I found this kind of faith! (Compliment to the Centurion. many will come from east and west and will feast with Abraham. “I will come and heal him. theoretically 100. In the 1st century. that Jesus Christ is presenting Himself to Israel. Even in our day this is still the case. 12:16. 7:36. and Jacob in the kingdom from heaven. the other time was at the unbelief of the Jews. required by the Law. Isaac. it was understood that when a representative was sent to speak for his master. 2. but a Gentile. 17:9. but not organized that way.Matthew (Why? 1. But just say the word. He is a rabbi. he was amazed and told those who were following him. and that He must first go to the cross. Cf.. Lev 14:3-32. Matthew will emphasize that the first 12 chapters of his Gospel. But we read of no such reaction. and to my servant „Do this‟ and he does it. wanted to make Him King. He is not suppose to do that. interested only in deliverance from the Roman yoke. 9because I.. but. too.) 10When Jesus heard this. “Sir.) 7Jesus told him. Mark 5:43. This is the first instance in Matthew's Gospel where it is recorded that Jesus commanded someone to tell no one of the miracle done for them or of what they had seen. “I tell all of you with certainty.) 11I tell all of you. that the nation would reject His spiritual leadership. to another „Come‟ and he comes. 8:26. a centurion came up to him and begged him repeatedly. am a man under authority and I have soldiers under me. (Predicting that there will be a time when the Gentiles shall be allowed into the . John 4:43-54) 5When Jesus returned to Capernaum. and my servant will be healed. Is there a mistake in the accounts concerning Jesus and the centurion? Both Matthew and Luke are correct. it was as if the master was speaking himself.) Jesus Heals a Centurion’s Servant (Luke 7:1-10. intended to let the officials realize that God is at work. I am not worthy to have you come under my roof.
but the Son of Man has no place to rest. He drove out the spirits by speaking a command and healed everyone who was sick. though He Himself is not bodily present. We may see in this a picture of Christ's present ministry. sick with a fever. people brought to him many who were possessed by demons. healing the non-privileged Gentiles from the paralysis of sin. Following . a scribe came up and told him. and that therefore physical healing is something the believer can claim by faith.” 20Jesus told him.) 13“Go. even though Jesus was some distance away. 17This was to fulfill what was declared by the prophet Isaiah when he said. “Teacher. “Foxes have holes and birds have nests. Then she got up and began serving him.” (He is saying that there are those that are sons of the kingdom.) 15He touched her hand. “and it will be done for you. In that place there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Many children privileged to be born and raised in Christian families will perish in hell because they reject Christ. But here the Spirit of God applies the prophecy to our Savior's earthly healing ministry and not to His work on the cross.” Jesus told the centurion. (Ordinarily fever leaves a person greatly weakened. The servant was healed instantly.) 12But the unfaithful heirs of that kingdom will be thrown into the darkness outside. But the principle applies today. and the fever left her. (Peter must have been married to have a mother-in-law.Matthew kingdom.) The Would-be Followers of Jesus (Luke 9:57-62) 18When Jesus saw the large crowds around him. Isa 53:4.” (The Lord's answer challenged him to count the cost—a life of self-denial. 19Just then. Cf. “It was he who took our illnesses away and removed our diseases. just as you have believed.) Jesus Heals Many People (Mark 1:29-34. he gave orders to cross to the other side of the Sea of Galilee. those that should have been heir to the promises of Israel that will be cast in the outer darkness because they did not accept the promises and understand the time. he saw Peter‟s mother-in-law lying in bed. (Faith is rewarded in proportion to its confidence in the character of God. but this cure was so instantaneous and complete that she was able to get out of bed and serve Him.” (Verse 17 is often used by faith-healers to show that healing is in the atonement. they didn‘t recognize their opportunity. Luke 4:38-41) 14When Jesus went into Peter‟s house.” And his servant was healed that very hour. while jungle savages will enjoy the eternal glories of heaven because they believed the gospel message. I will follow you wherever you go. Her response to the healing: service!) 16When evening came.
Yet Jesus kept sleeping. This storm was different. we should test ourselves on the two terms of discipleship enunciated by Jesus in this passage. He was also human. At times it seems we are going to be swamped by the waves. “Follow me.) 22But Jesus told him.. Winds sweep down the valley of the Jordan from the north. But the strong implication is that they left Christ to make a comfortable place for themselves in the world and to spend their lives hugging the subordinate. not a hobby.” (The basic trouble was expressed in the contradictory words: ―Lord . Let the spiritually dead deal with the issues of the world. Don't waste it on trivia.. (The Sea of Galilee is noted for sudden. Sea . “What kind of man is this?” they asked. a violent storm came up on the sea.” (An unsaved person can do that kind of work. But. 24Suddenly. violent storms that whip it into a churning froth. “Lord. But there is a work which you alone can do. It is to their credit that they went to the right Person. “Save us! We‟re going to die!” (These guys were fisherman on the Sea of Galilee. Christ wanted him to know that following and serving Him was of far more importance than any other obligation. in addition to being divine. We are not told how these two disciples responded. but the addition of humanity. Luke 8:22-25) 23When Jesus got into the boat. Give the best of your life to what really lasts. “Even the winds and the sea obey him!” (―What kind of man is this... “Why are you afraid. you who have little faith?” Then he got up and rebuked the winds and the sea. picking up speed in the narrow gorge.Matthew Jesus Christ is a commitment. See Mark 4:35.) 21Then another of his disciples told him. He had two natures conjoined in one person.‖ The guy who made them in the first place! How little they comprehended that the Creator and Sustainer of the universe was in the ship that day! All disciples encounter storms sooner or later. This man wanted to follow Jesus. The Incarnation of Christ did not involve the subtraction of deity. Jesus did not cease being God. they should have known what to do.symbolically in the Scriptures. “Lord!” they cried. He rebuked the winds and the sea. By becoming man. his disciples went with him. Jesus clearly claimed to be God on many occasions. and let the dead bury their own dead.) 26He asked them. When they hit the Sea. but wanted to wait until his father had died. so that the boat began to be swamped by the waves. See Matt 16:16–17. John 8:58. What a comfort to know that Jesus is in the boat .) 25They went to him and woke him up. Before we condemn them. first let me go and bury my father. and there was a great calm. (Why is this a lack of faith? Because He said that they were going to go to the other side. which could be many years later. If Jesus was the Son of God.) Jesus Calms the Sea (Mark 4:35-41.first let me. why did He call Himself the Son of Man? If the phrase ―Son of Man‖ is a reference to Jesus‘ humanity.‖ He put self ahead of Christ. 10:30. it becomes extremely unsafe for navigation. it is not a denial of His deity. tends to sound evil.) 27The men were amazed.
animals or other creatures.) Jesus Heals Two Demon-Possessed Men (Mark 5:1-20. saying. ―Coming out of the tombs‖: They have been rejected by society. they are around. they are dangerous. They know that there is a time appointed. and underlines the terrifying possibility that two men can be indwelt by the number of demons it takes to destroy two thousand pigs). and they know that He is in control of it. but they are so similar. some say that there were two different incidences.‖ No one can quell life's storms like the Lord Jesus. they came into the city and . ―No water can swallow the ship where lies the Master of ocean and earth and skies. they are some of his resources. What they say was not known on earth at this time.Matthew with us. or. 33Now when those who had been taking care of the pigs ran away. (In Mark and Luke they only mention one demon-possessed man. they screamed. It was not yet time for their final destruction by the Lord. Suddenly. and the fact that Mark and Luke only describe one of the two. “If you drive us out. they want to indwell human beings.” and they came out and went into the pigs. “Go. (From Mark 5:13 we know that there were 2000! Pigs were illegal in Israel. Perhaps Mark and Luke mentioned the one because he was more noticeable or prominent for some reason. they are malevolent. and so they live out in the tombs. 31So the demons began to plead with Jesus. This incident demonstrates that the ultimate aim of demons is to destroy. In Lev 11:7 they are prohibited). does not make them contradictory. and if you are not a Christian you are vulnerable to them. They are acknowledging His deity. We know that demons are at Satan‘s control.) 29Suddenly.) 30Now a large herd of pigs was grazing some distance away from them. Son of God? Did you come here to torture us before the proper time?” (The demons knew who Jesus was. Luke 8:26-39) 28When Jesus arrived on the other side in the region of the Gerasenes. “What do you want with us. (Strangely enough Jesus granted their request. and their destiny and His control of it. They recognize that there is a time coming that they would rather avoid. Others point out that Matthew describes two. First. we must remember two facts. Not a psychiatric disorder. But why should the Sovereign Lord accede to the request of demons? To understand His action. which is constructive. He prevented their entering men and women and confined their destructive power to animals. demons shun the disembodied state. By allowing them to go into the pigs. send us into that herd of pigs. They were so violent that no one could travel on that road.) 32He told them. Just shows a lack of collusion. Secondly. Scholars divide.” (We don‘t know why they sought embodiment in the pigs. the whole herd rushed down the cliff into the sea and drowned in the water. the purpose of demons is without exception to destroy. If Jesus had simply cast them out of the maniacs. the demons would have been a menace to the other people of the area. if that is not possible. two demon-possessed men met him as they were coming out of the tombs.
Luke 5:17-26) 1After getting into a boat. it was unlawful for them to raise pigs. replied.) 4But Jesus. Prov 12:10. and as soon as they saw him. Notice that He saw their faith. “Get up. Why no concern for the pigs? Didn‘t Jesus care about animals? In the Old Testament God does. Some think that Matthew just left off these details. Jesus crossed to the other side and came to his own city. „Get up and walk‟? (Actually it's as easy to say one as the other. In Mark 5 and Luke 8 they point out that the healed guy wanted to follow the Lord.” (Some think that this is the same story as the one where the friends took the tiles off the roof of where Jesus was speaking and lowered their paralyzed friend down into the place so Jesus could heal him. and the invalid's faith went out to Jesus for healing.‟ or to say. Jesus condescended to give them a miracle . but which is easier to do? Both are humanly impossible. their condemnation is that they valued a herd of pigs more than the healing of two demoniacs. it being the same healing. and go home!” (In order to show the scribes that He had authority on earth to forgive sins and should therefore be honored as God. ―No. But whether or not they were Jews. the Lord says. but the results of the first command are not visible whereas the effects of the second are immediately discernible.) 3Then some of the scribes told themselves. 2All at once some people brought him a paralyzed man lying on a stretcher. He gave the greater blessing first. shouldn‘t he have cared about the livelihood of the owners? He certainly did not ask anyone‘s permission. (―own city‖: Came back across the lake to Capernaum. for example. especially what had happened to the demon-possessed men. son! Your sins are forgiven.) 6But so you will know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins…” he told the paralyzed man. pick up your stretcher. And even if Jesus did not care about pigs. (Ever since then Jesus has been criticized for the needless slaughter of pigs and has been asked to leave because He values human life above animals.Matthew reported everything. sort of His base of operations). there are crowds of welcome.‖ Later in Mark 6. Faith prompted the men to bring the invalid to Jesus. If these Gergesenes were Jews. Jesus talking about healing something far deeper than physical. go witness to your people.) Matthew 9 Jesus Heals a Paralyzed Man (Mark 2:1-12. “Be courageous. they begged him to leave their region. This raises the question whether Christ ever healed a person without also imparting salvation. when Jesus returns to the city the next time. When Jesus saw their faith. he told the paralyzed man. „Your sins are forgiven. “This fellow is blaspheming!” (They are saying that only God can forgive sins. “Why do you have such evil thoughts in your hearts? 5Which is easier: to say. The Great Physician removed the cause before treating the symptoms. knowing what they were thinking. 34Then the whole city went out to meet Jesus.
Actually they were extremely ill spiritually and desperately needed healing. they became frightened and glorified God for giving such authority to humans. He would always have eaten alone.) 11The Pharisees saw this and asked his disciples.Matthew they could see. but sick people do. (The Pharisees considered themselves healthy and were unwilling to confess their need for Jesus. The visible healing of the paralytic was designed to confirm that the man's sins had been forgiven. He used the occasion to call men to truth and holiness. As someone has said.) Jesus Calls Matthew (Mark 2:13-17.) 10While he was having dinner at Matthew‟s home. many tax collectors and sinners arrived and began eating with Jesus and his disciples. He never indulged in their evil ways or compromised His testimony. If He had eaten with the Pharisees. were more willing to acknowledge their true condition and to seek Christ's saving grace. It was his way of confessing Christ publicly and of introducing his associates to the Savior. but he found an adventure the like of which he had never dreamed. From this they should have realized that what they had witnessed was not a demonstration of God giving authority to men but of God's presence among them in the Person of the Lord Jesus Christ. “Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?” (It was the practice in those days to eat reclining on couches and facing the table. Luke 5:27-32) 9As Jesus went on from there. “Follow me. (They completely missed the significance of the miracle. (Matthew adds an autobiographical note here. So the charge was true! Jesus did eat with sinners. (The meal described here was arranged by Matthew in honor of Jesus. He lost a comfortable security. he said. Matthew‘s response to Jesus‘ call was instantaneous.) 7So the man got up and went home. But they didn't understand. he arose and followed. he saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax collector‟s desk and told him.) 13Go and learn what this means: „I want mercy and not sacrifice. 8When the crowds saw this.‟ because I . by contrast. He lost a good income but he found honor. an invisible miracle. He is hated more than a Gentile among the Jewish body because he is a collaborator with the Romans and helping them subjugate his people. the charge would still have been true—perhaps even more so! If Jesus hadn't eaten with sinners in a world like ours. but he found a destiny. Matthew is apparently a tax collector in Capernaum. they went to His disciples and charged Him with ―guilt by association‖. The tax collectors and sinners. leaving a traditionally dishonest job to become an instant disciple of Jesus.‖ Not the least among his rewards were that he became one of the twelve and was honored to write the Gospel which bears his name.” So he got up and followed him. “Healthy people don‟t need a physician. ―He lost a comfortable job. When the Pharisees saw Jesus associating in this way with the social riff-raff. surely no true prophet would eat with sinners!) 12When Jesus heard that. But it is important to remember that when He ate with sinners.
cold. He did not want the rituals to become a substitute for inward righteousness.) . But here the thought is that His call is only effective for those who acknowledge themselves to be sinners. They associated only with self-righteous people like themselves. and both are preserved. If they do. and since His ascension He has been bodily absent from His disciples. so He came to call all men to repentance. Although God had instituted the sacrificial system. the patch would shrink.) 17Nor do people pour new wine into old wineskins. and merciless. (To try to mix law and grace would be like using a piece of new. the skins will burst. can they? But the time will come when the groom will be taken away from them. ―I did not come to call righteous people. but sinners. They observed the letter of the law but had no compassion for those who needed spiritual help. unshrunk cloth to patch an old garment. their hearts were hard. they pour new wine into fresh wineskins. The Pharisees' trouble was that although they followed the rituals of Judaism with great precision. See also 1 Sam 15:1-23. the wine will spill out.Matthew did not come to call righteous people. Luke 5:33-39) 14Then John‟s disciples came to Jesus and asked. and a worse tear results. He can dispense no healing to those who are proud. There must be an entirely new order of things. ripping itself away from the old cloth. “The wedding guests can‟t mourn as long as the groom is with them. When washed. The joy which Christ brought could not be contained within the forms and rituals of the OT. “Why do we and the Pharisees fast often. and then they will fast. The disrepair would be worse than ever. there are no righteous people in the world. the Lord Jesus pointedly told them.) The Unshrunk Cloth (Mark 2:21. Luke 5:36) 16“No one patches an old garment with a piece of unshrunk cloth.” (Quote from Hosea 6:6 . self-righteous.) A Question about Fasting (Mark 2:18-22. and He is not pleased with rituals divorced from personal godliness—precisely what the Pharisees had done.Old Testament idea. they certainly approve it as an appropriate exercise for those who await the Bridegroom's return. and the skins will be ruined. and unrepentant—like the Pharisees. but sinners.” (He was taken from them—in death and burial. The life and liberty of the Gospel ruins the wineskins of ritualism. The introduction of the Christian era would inevitably result in tension. but your disciples don‟t fast?” 15Jesus asked them.” (The pressure caused by the fermentation of the new wine would burst the old skins because they had lost their elasticity. In contrast.‖ In one sense. While Jesus' words do not command fasting. God is not a Ritualist. Instead. because the patch pulls away from the garment.
“Go away! The young lady hasn‟t died. ―Son of David‖ .26.” (Medical science had been unable to help this woman. ―Chronic bleeding‖ . I will get well. She has to be a Gentile. otherwise she would not be allowed there in the crowd. She has had the issue of blood for 12 years. the daughter raised from the dead was 12 years old. border. Some believe.‖) 24he said.badge of commitment or authority.) 21because she had been saying to herself. accessible. (The professional mourners were wailing with what someone has called ―synthetic grief. (True faith never goes unnoticed by Him. Num 15:38.) 23When Jesus came to the official‟s house and saw the flute players and the crowd making a commotion. two blind men followed him. but is sleeping. He turned and pronounced her healed instantly. She would be ceremonially contaminating everyone there. and the young lady got up. “Have mercy on us. an official came up and fell down before him. Jesus Heals Two Blind Men 27As Jesus was traveling on from there.) 19So Jesus got up and followed him. bottom edge of skirt or train. took her by the hand. and approachable.Matthew Jesus Heals a Woman and Resurrects a Girl (Mark 5:21-43. “But come and lay your hand on her. 26The news of this spread throughout that land.34.the ruler of the synagogue. A husband could divorce his wife by cutting off the hem of her robe. Luke 8:40-56) 18While Jesus was telling them these things.” But they ridiculed him with laughter. “If I just touch his robe. daughter! Your faith has made you well. he went in. however. 20Just then a woman who had been suffering from chronic bleeding for twelve years came up behind him and touched the tassel of his garment. A nobleman would authenticate his name on a clay tablet by pressing the hem on the clay. authority. most of the Jewish leaders would have feared the scorn and contempt of their associates for doing so. Ex 28:33. ―tassel‖ . etc. Ex 39:25. He was always poised.) 22When Jesus turned and saw her. these men had acute spiritual discernment. fringe. anything you touched was declared ceremonially unclean.) 25When the crowd had been driven outside.” (―an official‖: Jairus . Son of David!” (Two blind men followed Jesus! Though dispossessed of natural vision. ―to cut off the hem‖ was to strip one of his personality. (Most Bible students believe the Lord was using sleep here in a figurative sense for death. Ruth 3:9. In ancient Mesopotamia.Makes one ceremonially unclean. he said. and she will live. that the girl was in a coma. They recognized Him as the long-awaited Messiah and . Examples: 1 Sam 24:20. 39. The Hebrew word shuwl = hem.very Jewish title. Gen 37:3-4. (Another interruption! Jesus was never annoyed by such interruptions.” And from that very hour the woman was well. Ezek 16:8. along with his disciples.” he said. shouting. It was exceptional that this ruler should seek help from Jesus. “Be courageous. Deut 22:12. “My daughter has just died.
the procedure for exorcism in Judaism requires the demon to identify himself. “According to your faith. God is not pleased with the kind of faith that demands a prior miracle. he was secure. However. The people were as yet unrepentant. the blind men came to him. (Someone was concerned enough to bring the demoniac to Jesus. 1 John 5:13. He could not reign over them until they were born again. the man began to speak. Jesus asked them. He wants us to believe Him simply because He is God.‖ God says. Lord!” 29Then he touched their eyes and said. Under Judaism.” (Man says. Cf Mat 12:32) The Compassion of Jesus 35Then Jesus began traveling throughout all the cities and villages. “He drives out demons by the ruler of demons. (A bona fide offer of the kingdom was made to Israel at this time. probably by stirring up shallow curiosity rather than Spiritinspired interest. and healing every disease and every illness. a man who couldn‟t talk because he was demon-possessed was brought to him. and even to admire their exuberant testimony. The crowds were amazed and said.) 28When he had gone into the house. one of His credentials would be that He would give sight to the blind.Matthew rightful King of Israel.) 34But the Pharisees kept saying. That type of demon was NOT exorcisable under Judaism.‖ Cf John 11:40. “See to it that nobody knows about this. God bless the noble band of the anonymous who have been His instruments in bringing others to Jesus!) 33As soon as the demon had been driven out. Not even gratitude is a valid excuse for disobedience. let it be done for you!” 30And their eyes were opened. teaching in their synagogues. “Yes. Then Jesus sternly told them. Why did Jesus sternly warn the healed men to tell no one? He probably did not want to provoke a premature movement to enthrone Him as King. a revolutionary uprising in favor of Jesus would bring terrible reprisals from the Roman government on the Jews. Also. the hard fact is that they were crassly disobedient and inevitably did more harm than good. Cf Isa 61:1. And they knew that when the Messiah came. if you happen to be confronted with a demon whose specialty was to render his possession dumb. ―Seeing is believing. Heb 11:3. (While we might be tempted to sympathize. proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom. “Do you believe I can do this?” They told him. Besides all this. ―Believing is seeing. so what is going on? The rabbis could cast out demons and they did.) Jesus Heals a Man who Couldn’t Talk 32As the men were going out. the Lord Jesus had to go to the cross before He could reign as King. What would have happened if Israel had responded? The Bible does .) 31But they went out and spread the news about him throughout that region.” (Don‘t ever ascribe something that God is doing to the powers of Satan! This is what Jesus later labeled the unpardonable sin. anything that blocked His pathway to Calvary was at variance with the predetermined plan of God. “Nothing like this has ever been seen in Israel!” (They did cast out demons before Jesus.
Matthew not answer the question. Simon (who is called Peter) and his brother Andrew. (Note how Matthew does not mention any of the disciples professions until himself. so that they could drive them out and heal every disease and every illness. but neither does he pray for laborers. The disciples were probably in their twenties at this time. 2These are the names of the twelve apostles: first. he was deeply moved with compassion for them. Luke 6:12-16) 1Then Jesus called his twelve disciples to him and gave them authority over unclean spirits.) Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Disciples (Mark 6:7-13. This harvest is a matter of life or death.) Matthew 10 Jesus Appoints Twelve Apostles (Mark 3:13-19. and Thaddaeus. (Oh. The devil therefore gets two victories: not only does the professing Christian not labor in the harvest fields. the son of Alphaeus. like sheep without a shepherd. Cf Luke 6:15. and .) 38So ask the Lord of the harvest to send out workers into his harvest. the son of Zebedee. There were more than 12 disciples. we won‘t obey this command. because they were troubled and helpless.” (The Greek word for ―ask‖ means beg. but no other man ever conferred the power on others). the need is always greater than the work-force. Other men had performed miracles. who later betrayed Jesus. We do know that Christ would still have had to die to provide a righteous basis by which God could justify sinners of all ages. “The harvest is vast. forever! If we are not laborers. (The problem has persisted to this day. James. plead. Taken from varied walks of life and probably young men of average ability. (―apostles‖: one who is sent as a messenger.) 4Simon the Cananaean and Judas Iscariot. and his brother John. Thomas and Matthew the tax collector. where he notes that he was a tax collector.) 36When he saw the crowds. because our conscience will condemn us. (―Disciple‖ is a follower. believers must be willing to go themselves. someone learning with the idea of becoming a follower. Luke 9:1-6) 5These were the Twelve whom Jesus sent out after he had given them these instructions: “Don‟t turn on to the road that leads to the unbelievers. but the workers are few. (Cananaean is Aramaic for Zealot. while THE 12 are very special. implore – not merely ask. The uniqueness of Jesus is seen here. as they become ―apostles‖. James. a student. To make that request sincerely. it seems.) 37Then he told his disciples. their true greatness lay in their association with Jesus.) 3Philip and Bartholomew. that we might know more of that yearning for the spiritual welfare of the lost and dying.
Mk 16:15. raise the dead. But if it isn‟t receptive. only part Jewish. Take care not to spend your life making provision for self-support before obeying the call of God. (The disciples were given credentials to confirm their message. You have received without payment. (Samaritans were a mixed blood.) 9Don‟t take any gold. (Not to go house to house if they found more favorable living conditions. 2 Kings 17:24. Isa 60:1-16. Jesus instructed His workers to bring along and use anything in their possession that could be used in their support. Acts 2:23. to Israel. (It was possible that not one home in . shake its dust off your feet. This wasn‘t because of a lack of love and concern for them. or sandals. as you leave that house or town. this proves He didn‘t love Gentiles or Samaritans – which contradicts Matt 22:39. These guys are! Note that this is prior to the crucifixion! After the crucifixion when He is resurrected He gives them a new commission. the plan of God was to preach the gospel to the Jews first before taking it to the Gentiles. or a walking stick. they were not His focus or His mission. 22:35-36. and raising the dead! Casting out demons. Skeptics argue that. Jesus Himself up to this point has been doing the same thing. because Jesus told His disciples not to go to certain groups of people. if they already had a staff. Chapters 10. let your blessing of peace return to you. Cf. even a sword for defensive purposes. so give without payment. They will reject Him in Chapter 12. However. drive out demons. greet its occupants. go to the lost sheep of the nation of Israel. (Probably the meaning is extra sandals or an extra staff. we are not called to go to the House of Israel at the expense of the Gentiles … there may be a few exceptions.) 12As you enter the house. 20. they were permitted to take it. The Lord wanted them to experience how well He could supply all their needs as they served Him. cleansing the lepers. As to remuneration. The idea is that their needs would be supplied on a day by day basis. See Mark 6:8.) 11“Whatever town or village you enter. 14If no one welcomes you or listens to your words. 13If the household is receptive. make this announcement: „The kingdom from heaven is near!‟ (Kingdom presented to Israel. the Lord's representatives were to make no charge for their services. They had received their blessings without cost and were to dispense them on the same basis. Is the first commission repealed? The Kingdom presentation is withdrawn when Israel rejects it! The New Commission is found in Mt 28:19.) 6Instead. Later. Also. 11. Cf 1 Cor 1:22. and 12 deal with the presentation of the King of Israel. because a worker deserves his food. but because the Jews already had the Law which prepared them for the message of grace. find out who is receptive in it and stay there until you leave.Matthew don‟t enter Samaritan towns.47.) 7As you go. The commission which He is sending them on does not apply to you and I. Lk 24:46.) 8Heal the sick. if they would only have faith in God to meet their needs. The Jews demanded signs so God graciously condescended to give them signs. silver. 10or a traveling bag for the trip. Acts 1:8. Supernatural empowerings: Healing the sick. let your blessing of peace come on it. or copper in your moneybags. The Gentiles that He healed were along the way. or an extra shirt. (Their challenge here in Chapter 10 is to go specifically to the lost sheep of the House of Israel. See Luke 10:4. cleanse lepers.
Children would become informers against their parents. So be as cunning as serpents and as innocent as doves. It should be noted that this is advice given to prospective martyrs and not to pastors for Sunday morning worship services! But it is true that in crises. Children will rebel against parents and have them put to death. (In this section Jesus counsels the twelve concerning their behavior in the face of persecution. (In their hour of seeming defeat the disciples would have the incomparable privilege of testifying before rulers and Gentiles. protected by the armor of a righteous character and faith unfeigned. (While one can personally claim verses 19-20. Acts 7 and Stephen. They should be wise as serpents. Mark 13:9-13. They spoke out and . Luke 21:12-19) 16“Pay attention. They would be like sheep in the midst of wolves.) 20It won‟t be you speaking. it will be more bearable for the region of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town!” (This proves that there will be degrees of punishment in hell. surrounded by vicious men bent on destroying them. (The attack against them would be both civil and religious. Father would betray his child.) 22You will be hated by everyone because of my name. otherwise how could it be more tolerable for some than for others?) Future Persecutions (Matthew 24:9-14. avoiding giving needless offense or being tricked into compromising situations. to testify to them and to unbelievers. And they should be harmless as doves.Matthew an entire town would open to them. yet ―no doctrine was ever so helpful to those appointed to govern. now! I am sending you out like sheep among wolves. This verse does not teach that a Christian never needs to prepare a message in advance. Brother would accuse brother.‖) 19When they hand you over.) 17Watch out for people who will hand you over to the local councils and whip you in their synagogues. resulting in the execution of the parents.) 18You will be brought before governors and kings because of me. (The early Christians were very bold in their stand for Christ. it would be out of context. Phil 4. and a father his child.) 15I tell all of you with certainty. don‟t worry about how you are to speak or what you are to say. They need not rehearse what they would say when on trial. God would be working all things together for good. because in that hour what you are to say will be given to you. When you have a challenge and you are delivered up for Jesus Christ. For example. They become mouthpieces for the Spirit of their Father. Cf. but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you. Christianity has suffered much from civil authorities. By this symbolic action they would vividly separate themselves from all connection with those who were rejecting the Lord. 21“Brother will hand brother over for execution. (Jesus forewarned His disciples that they would have to face treachery and betrayal. all believers can claim God's promise to give them wisdom to speak with divine intuition. He will not waste that opportunity. But the person who endures to the end will be saved. severing themselves from all guilt or responsibility for that rejection.
See 22:39. Revelation 21:8. You can even go up to a perfect stranger and begin a witness for Christ by asking that question. Mark 8:38. God will bring the great spiritual awakening that is so desperately needed. ―It is not wrong to escape from danger—only from duty. and now He expects you to expend yourself and be the savior of others! Otherwise your claim to being converted to Him is a very hollow claim. because I tell all of you with certainty that you will not have gone through the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes. When we wake up to the seriousness of our responsibilities. ―Are you planning on making it to Heaven?‖. Mat 28:18-20. and warn those who are lost of their awful condition. Their answer to the question will tell you what to say next. If they have called the head of the house Beelzebul.Matthew reached the then-known world with the message of the Savior. as God demands. at awful cost. The harvest is ripe and ready to be brought in! God is deeply concerned that you be deeply concerned about the welfare and salvation of others. at any time. you can expect to be hated and persecuted even as the early Church was. 2 Kings 1:2. (They were not obligated to remain under the tyranny of their enemies if there was an honorable way to escape. Even if they walk away you have at least planted a seed in their heart and mind.‖) 24“A disciple is not above his teacher. You can ask that question of anyone. For far too long. how are they going to treat you? Any better? When the Church really goes on the offensive. flee to the next. and point them to your Lord and Savior? Read what God told John would happen to cowards. and open your mouth to speak out for Him. . It‘s time that those who claim to be Christians take the bold stand for Christ that God demands. But we will also see the same results that they saw. and we don‘t have long years ahead of us to do the work for Christ that needs to be done.‖ Did Jesus say that He would return during the lifetime of His disciples? ―Another alternative is to take the promise literally and immediately and to interpret the phrase ‗before the Son of Man comes‘ as a reference to the fact that Jesus rejoined the disciples after their mission. and a slave is not above his master. the Christian world has been given the false impression that speaking out for our Lord is optional. Can you truthfully say you love God if you refuse to obey Christ. at any place. how much more will they do the same to those of his household!” (Beelzebub was a god of the Ekronites and the name means Lord of the Flies. The disciples went literally and immediately into ‗the cities of Israel‘ to preach. See Ezekiel 33:8-9. That‘s a lie from Satan! Eternal life or judgment by God are at stake! You can easily begin a witness for Christ with anyone by simply asking them. We must work while we still have the opportunity. and Jesus literally and immediately rejoined them after their itinerant ministry. Rev 2:26) 23So when they persecute you in one town. to the same extent that you are concerned about the salvation of your own soul. (Discipleship involves sharing the Master's rejection. to be your Savior. Cf. And when you witness to others be sure to let them know that being converted to Christ includes going public for Him. But be warned: Is the servant above the Master? If they hated Jesus Christ enough to crucify Him. Jesus was willing. We are living in the end of the age.) 25It is enough for a disciple to be like his teacher and a slave to be like his master. And God is saying the same to every Christian today that He said to Ezekiel.
for when they fear hell. and it is translation into eternal glory. whose epitaph reads.‖) 30Indeed. and nothing secret that will not be made known. Fear God (Luke 12:2-7) 26“So never be afraid of them. aren‟t they? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground without your Father‟s permission. or filth. and what is whispered in your ear you must shout from the housetops.‖) 29“Two sparrows are sold for a penny. Cf. sickness. Instead. (Freely and fearlessly tell others all that God has taught you. (They should not fear the seeming victory of their foes. Spiritual death is the loss that cannot be measured and the doom that should be avoided at all cost.is ghenna. the Twelve. By giving the name to Christ. To die is to be with Christ and thus far better.) 28Stop being afraid of those who kill the body but can‟t kill the soul. The worst that men can do is kill the body. and death. and from hope. ―Here lies one who feared God so much that he never feared the face of any man.Matthew In derision the Jews changed one letter in the word and gave the name to Satan in an Aramean form – Beelzebul … god of dung. even the hairs on your head have all been counted! (He knows more about you than you do! He cares that much!) 31So stop being afraid. ―hell‖ . Physical death is not the supreme tragedy for the Christian. It is deliverance from sin. even martyrdom. from Christ. sorrow. As someone has said.” (God created you to be one of His children. John 15:18). ―God attends the funeral of every sparrow. Because the Jews had given this name to Satan.) 27What I tell you in darkness you must speak in the daylight. He has such great plans for you!) Acknowledging the Messiah (Luke 12:8-9) . He said that they should fear hell themselves. just before He sends them out to declare and demonstrate the kingdom. they will not fear anyone or anything else. they were actually calling Jesus Satan. in a real sense. they poured upon Him the greatest possible abuse and contempt. (Who is He talking to? He is actually addressing Christian missionaries. And thru Christ He has made it possible for you to be forgiven your rebellion and sin and be restored to His family. His cause would be gloriously vindicated in a coming day. So the worst men can do is. This is the greatest loss—eternal separation from God. be afraid of the one who can destroy both body and soul in hell. the best thing that can happen to the child of God. suffering. (…without His knowledge or His presence. You are worth more than a bunch of sparrows. The words of Jesus in verse 28 evoke memories of the saintly John Knox. Leave the consequences with God. because there is nothing hidden that will not be revealed.
) 33But whoever denies me before people I.) 35I came to turn „a man against his father.Matthew 32“Therefore. trials. Romans 6:22. Without obedience/holiness a person will never see God. too. Matthew 7:21-23. and to take a stand for Him. (―… and are more concerned about pleasing them than pleasing Me. It is not merely in one act that we are to do it. Any shame or reproach we might bear will be abundantly rewarded in heaven when the Lord Jesus confesses us before His Father. Christ calls all of His followers to death – to willingly die daily to all selfish desire and ambitions. will deny before my Father in heaven.) 38The one who doesn‟t take up his cross and follow me isn‟t worthy of me. conflict. 36A person‟s enemies will include members of his own family. See Luke 12:8-9.) The Cost of Discipleship (Luke 14:25-27) 37“The one who loves his father or mother more than me isn‟t worthy of me. When either Heaven or Hell are at stake. by refusing or neglecting to speak out and act according to His many commands. too. a daughter against her mother. but Division (Luke 12:49-53) 34“Do not think that I came to bring peace on earth. Proverbs 3:35. everyone who acknowledges me before people I. Romans 10:9-10. and the one who loves a son or daughter more than me isn‟t worthy of me. To be born again means that we have turned from our rebellion toward God. Revelation 3:5. . Mic 7:6. (The cross Christ is speaking of here is not sickness. you will be declaring your opposition to the lost world‘s standards. When you in truth take your stand for Christ and for what He taught. Romans 5:2.‖ Jesus is calling you to a commitment of all that you are. 14-16. but in every act. (A confession of Christ includes our actions as well as our words. Obedience refused is to deny or disown Christ as Lord. I did not come to bring peace but a sword! (i. We are therefore to confess Christ in every circumstance of life and before everyone. and by silence. silence is treason! Mark 8:38) Not Peace. taking advantage of every opportunity to speak out for the Lord. disappointment. Hebrews 12:14. and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law. And the opposition you will face can be very brutal.e. Prepare to fight violently against iniquity.” (Christ can be disowned by both words and actions. A cross is an instrument of death.‟ (Cf. 8:18. and we now obey Him. a means of execution! A man carrying a cross was a man devoted to death. will acknowledge before my Father in heaven. 10:9-10. and work industriously to further His Kingdom and glory and our future glory. this led to the ultimate confession of the Lord in martyrdom. In the case of most of the twelve apostles. or adversity of any other kind. above all other relationships that you have. suffering.
receive him. is to enjoy diplomatic relations with his country.) 42I tell all of you with . The greatest possible difference you could make with the rest of your life is to help others be in heaven with you. it is true. say. the prophet came from the Lord to instruct both priest and king.Matthew 1 Corinthians 15:43. resulting in a sincere desire and intention to do all that is required of us by our Lord. Think of that if you are inclined to criticize a speaker! If you help him to speak for God.” (Love of Christ must overmaster the instinct of self-preservation.) 41The one who receives a prophet as a prophet will receive a prophet‟s reward. because.) Rewards (Mark 9:41) 40“The one who receives you receives me. or do. but the greatest use of a life is to spend it in the service of Christ. Not all disciples are required to lay down their lives for the Lord. and the one who receives a righteous person as a righteous person will receive a righteous person‟s reward. that this brief life offers as he gives his life to Me. He asks for your affection – unto death! Are we worthy of His love and sacrifice for us if we give Him anything less? To carry our cross and follow Him means to do our full duty toward God and man. but you should look beyond these things and say. but if you make it difficult for him to discharge his office. his attitude. and the one who loses his life because of me will find it. or all. his manners or his voice. and encourage him you will get part of his reward. who stands in the place of the government that commissions him. the same reward that is given to the prophet will be given to you. and the one who receives me receives the one who sent me.) 39The one who finds his life will lose it. (The Jews regarded the reward of the prophet as the greatest. with his comfort. you will lose your reward. But it is also true that we are not saved unless we are truly born again. Christ died for you. John 12:24. Obedience is the test of devotion. 1 Cor 15:31. He now asks you to die to yourself for His sake and the sake of others. magnify his word and work. ―Anyone who is mainly concerned about ‗having it made‘ in this life. and pleasures here. but all are called on to value Him so highly that they do not count their lives precious to themselves. and get part of his reward.‖ We are not saved by works. and who denies Me by avoiding any rejection he might experience by openly confessing to one and all that he loves Me and lives only to please Me. according to His instructions in Scripture. (To receive an ambassador. The greatest waste of a life is to spend it in the gratification of self. and is willing to lose out in much. and priests ministered in the name of the Lord. Christ says that if you do no more than receive a prophet in the capacity of prophet. no matter what others may think. But the one who lives only to please Me. Christ is actually saying. security. will lose eternal life. You should not regard his dress. ―Is this message of God for me? Is this man a prophet of God to my soul?‖ If he is. if you help the prophet along. while kings bore rule in the name of the Lord. will gain eternal life. It is a great thing to help a man who is seeking to do good.
who will . Did John send these disciples for himself. the greatest of the prophets. Jer 23:5-6. and the destitute hear the good news. “Go and tell John what you hear and observe: 5the blind see. Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John. he left there to teach and preach in their home towns. and rather die than lie. Zech 9:9. John was a prophet—in fact. I tell you. (John was a simple man of God whose austere life was a rebuke to the enormous worldliness of the people. John was not moved or shaken by anyone or culture. or for them for a training mission?) 4Jesus answered them. whoever gives even a cup of cold water to one of these little ones because he is a disciple will never lose his reward. 53:4. Mic 5:2. was in the Fort of Macherus.) 9Really. On Jesus' lips. he was greater because of his position as forerunner of the Messiah-King.) 7As they were leaving.) 10This is the man about whom it is written. what did you go out to see? A man dressed in fancy clothes? See. (Jesus answered that He was performing the miracles predicted of the Messiah: Isa 35:5-6. by spiritual insight. and humiliation were out of character with the prevailing image of the militant Messiah. lepers are cleansed. 18. I am sending my messenger ahead of you. But God's blessing would rest on those who. the dead are raised. an embodied conscience. His gentleness. John was not like this. the lame walk. John the Baptist Sends Messengers to Jesus (Luke 7:18-35) 2Now when John heard in prison about the activities of the Messiah. what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes. Messiah and Gr. the deaf hear.Matthew certainty. The Lord did not imply here that he was greater as to his personal character. Men who were guided by fleshly desires might doubt His claim to kingship. eloquence. 9:6-7. and even more than a prophet! (Well. Are you?) 8Really.) Matthew 11 1When Jesus had finished instructing his twelve disciples. the Messiah had come as a humble Carpenter. or should we wait for someone else?” (Deut 18:15. “Are you the Coming One. “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? (Meaning someone who is swayed by every person‘s opinion or criticism. it is the valid expression of His personal perfection. those who wear fancy clothes live in kings‟ houses. lowliness.” (No kindness shown to a follower of Jesus will go unnoticed. Heb. 61:1. who would rather suffer than be silent. „See. or persuasiveness. John was a fearless preacher.) 6How blessed is anyone who is not offended by me!” (On other lips this would be the boast of a supreme egotist. not John the disciple. recognized Jesus of Nazareth as the promised Messiah. he sent a message by his disciples (John the Baptist. Isa 7:14. Instead of appearing as a colorful military general.) 3and asked him. Christ have the same meaning – the anointed One.
According to traditional reincarnation. Mal 3:1) 11I tell all of you with certainty. John 1:21. Don't miss the significance of what you are hearing. A person who is least in the kingdom of heaven does not necessarily have a better character than John. To be a citizen of the kingdom is greater than to announce its arrival.‟ (Other men had prophesied the Coming of Christ. To accept one would lead to acceptance of the other. and violent people have been attacking it. Our Lord is describing the energy with which some people are pressing in. peace and spiritual joy.) 12“From the days of John the Baptist until the present. Cf 2 Kings 2:11. one must first die before he can be reincarnated into another body. All Hell will oppose him in every step he takes. John's privilege was great in preparing the way for the Lord. the kingdom of righteousness. too. (Very likely meaning. John was not Elijah reincarnated.‟ (If you preach on the streets you will not be liked . (They were the instructors concerning the Messiah who was to come. he will surely perish everlastingly. the kingdom from heaven has been forcefully advancing. ―John opened the way for Christ and then he got out of the way for Christ. must be in earnest. but then you would not mourn. but he did not live to enjoy the blessings of the kingdom. John closed the Old Testament. When did the Old Testament end? John the Baptist.Matthew prepare your way before you.) 13because the Law and all the Prophets prophesied up to the time of John. Just as a drowning man may become ―violent‖ to be saved and at times have to be knocked out by a lifeguard. John is like Elijah. Jews still put a place setting on the table for the prophet Elijah. then Jesus was the promised Messiah! In thus accrediting John the Baptist. Malachi 4:5-6. not his character. The final segment of the service is called the ―cup of Elijah‖ looking forward to the coming of Elijah as the forerunner of Messiah. He came in the spirit of Elijah. Elijah does not fit the reincarnation model — he did not die. 17„A wedding song we played for you. among those born of women no one has appeared who is greater than John the Baptist. A woeful dirge we chanted. This is the meaning in Luk 16:16. the dance you all did scorn. It has been well said. He was taken to heaven. and if a man be not absolutely determined to give up his sins and evil companions and have his soul saved at all hazards. Nowhere does the Bible teach reincarnation. Jesus opens the New Testament. If John fulfilled the prophecy concerning Elijah. but he does have greater privilege. and urging the need of such energy if salvation is to be obtained. and at every expense.‖ Cf. Luke 1:17. because even John said he was not Elijah. until John came). He that will take. Elijah will return shortly before God judges the earth. Luke 16:16. Jesus was reaffirming His claim to be the Christ of God. In the Passover service today. pay heed. or get possession of. but John was the one chosen to announce His actual arrival. (Jesus was speaking of John's privilege.) 15Let the person who has ears listen! (In other words.) 16“To what can I compare the people living today? They‟re like little children who sit in the marketplaces and shout to each other. This requires a violent earnestness. Yet even the least important person in the kingdom from heaven is greater than he. he is Elijah who is to come. 14If you are willing to accept it. (Those who were ready for the King's coming responded vigorously to the announcement and strained every muscle to enter. Hebrews 9:27.
they will not like you for another reason. (Now the scripture does not say what our Lord preached in those cities but we do know that the word ―denounce‖ is the strongest word for rebuke. Cf 1 Cor 1:30. you never invite people to Church and you are too judgmental. Others find fault in what tracts you pass out or why you do not give out full Bibles. Some have issues with the message on your t-shirts. they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. „He has a demon!‟ 19The Son of Man came eating and drinking. 5.) 18Because John didn‟t come eating or drinking.” (We find several verses in the Gospels where the words ―tax collectors and sinners‖ are used. To treat discourteously. a glutton and a drunk. Though unbelieving men might slander Him. any verse or saying used on those sandwich signs are not gospel. If all sin were the same. having no joy and others will accuse you of joking too much or just not keeping with the gospel. so you can bet the farm that Jesus did not go around quoting John 3:16 to everyone. your signs or banners are bad. 4. you are attacked for taking them out of context and not knowing your Bible. He befriended sinners in order to save them from their sins.Matthew for many reasons. He is vindicated in His works and in the lives of His followers. There are degrees of sin to ears that can hear. Bethsaida! Because if the miracles that happened in you had taken place in Tyre and Sidon. The Lord Jesus is Wisdom personified. Bottom line is people will fault find things in your life or what they think you have said and if they don‘t like you for one reason. (Chorazin and Bethsaida . He was a man of the people. „Look.) Jesus Denounces Unrepentant Cities (Luke 10:13-15) 20Then Jesus began to denounce the cities in which most of his miracles had taken place. right? Not according to the Bible. why were they just all called ‗sinners?‘ Tax collectors are sinners too. And of course the famous. you need to give out water. and they say. your method you used is wrong. They will charge you of looking mean. His claims were completely verified by His miracles and by the spiritual transformation of His devoted disciples. Here are a few definitions to the word ―upbraid‖: 1. 6. Meaning tax collectors were not even considered a regular sinner. but He never shared or approved their sins. as they were measured lower than a sinner and on the food chain of sin. To attribute blame to. To reproach with severe or insulting words. they don‘t like your message. To allege something disgraceful against. You don‘t sing when you preach. To charge with a fault. is wisdom by all her children. You will be told that you do not quote Bible verses. Chorazin! How terrible it will be for you. a friend of tax collectors and sinners!‟ Absolved from every act of sin. Though the mass of the Jews might refuse to acknowledge Him as MessiahKing. or your political view. they were so bad they had their own label. you are too condemning and taunt sinners. because they didn‟t repent. than if you do quote them. 2. yet people say.) 21“How terrible it will be for you. 3. Jesus kept company with sinners. To jeer at.
and where few. Tiberias still stands. This remarkable fulfillment of prophecy is one more evidence of the Savior's omniscience and the Bible's inspiration. Sodom's sin of perversion was great. Its people should have repented and gladly acknowledged the Lord. “I praise you.‖ They assume that everyone will receive the same punishment in hell. In the days of our Lord. will you? You‟ll go down to Hell! Because if the miracles that happened in you had taken place in Sodom. are without excuse. if any.Matthew are nothing but ruins today. it will be more bearable for the land of Sodom on Judgment Day than for you!” (Sinners often accuse God of being unjust by saying ―God is unfair in that Hitler and a dear old lady. the capital of homosexuality. We .) Jesus Praises the Father and Invites the Disciples to Come to Him (Luke 10:21-22) 25At that time Jesus said. it would have remained to this day. Capernaum will be brought down to Hell in judgment. But the depth of suffering in hell is conditional on the privileges spurned and the sins indulged. there were four prominent cities in Galilee: Chorazin. they would have repented. how much truer of places where Bibles abound. however. Therefore. it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon on Judgment Day than for you! (The words indicate that there will be degrees of punishment in hell.) 23“And you. who never accepted Jesus. Lord of heaven and earth. To whom much is given. But Capernaum missed its day of opportunity. and Tiberias.) 24Indeed I tell you. Cf John 3:36. Tyre and Sidon are all through the Old Testament. because you have hidden these things from wise and intelligent people and have revealed them to infants. But Capernaum's privilege was greater. This verse shows that there will be degrees of punishment. Cf 1 Cor 3:12-15. where the gospel is broadcast. Capernaum! You won‟t be lifted up to heaven. What has been the result? The destruction of Chorazin and Bethsaida is so complete that their exact sites are unknown. Why worse for Chorazin and Bethsaida? If the works that were done at Chorazin and Bethsaida where done there. Bethsaida. The location of Capernaum is not positive. Father. just as there will be degrees of reward in heaven. it would have repented and been spared. Chorazin and Bethsaida will have a greater judgment than Tyre and Sidon because they were given greater light and did not respond. (―wise and intelligent‖ as the world sees them. will both go to hell. It was the most favoured spot on earth. If this is true of Capernaum. Lifted up to heaven in privilege. Had vile Sodom. the most exalted in privilege. He denounced the first three but not Tiberias. been so privileged. Capernaum. But no sin is greater than Capernaum's rejection of the holy Son of God.) 22Indeed I tell you. (Jesus had made Capernaum His headquarters during His entire public life. God‘s judgment. The single sin that consigns men to hell is refusal to submit to Jesus Christ. Sodom will not be punished as severely as Capernaum in the day of judgment. Some of His most extraordinary miracles were performed there. much will be required. will be according to righteousness.
But God's plans will not fail. all of you who are weary and loaded down with burdens. In the face of titanic unbelief He found consolation in the overruling plan and purpose of God. Father. a plow. When we read that the Father is revealed only to those whom the Son chooses. (Cf. because this is what was pleasing to you. and I will give you rest. Jesus thanked the Father for ordaining that if some would not have Him.) 29Place my yoke on you and learn from me. They deliberately refused to submit to Him. we might be tempted to think of an arbitrary selection of a favored few. But those who admit their lack of wisdom receive a revelation of Him. Luke 6:1-5) . 27All things have been entrusted to me by my Father. We are yoked with One who gives sufficient grace for every time of need. let us remember that it was issued after the blatant rejection of Jesus by the favored cities of Galilee. (In order to truly come to Jesus. When they refused the light. No one fully knows the Son except the Father. In other words. The cities had every chance to welcome the Lord Jesus.) 26Yes. or heartaches in the Christian life. As we examine this invitation of infinite tenderness. it would have read. Someone has suggested that if Jesus had had a sign outside His carpenter's shop. Jesus was not expressing pleasure in the inevitable judgment of the Galilean cities. it does not chafe.) Matthew 12 Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:23-28. This does not mean that there are no proble ms. the ones to whom He chooses to reveal the Father are those who trust Him as Lord and Savior. and my burden is light.) 30because my yoke is pleasant. Jesus' yoke is easy.Matthew should avoid two possible misunderstandings. Man's hate and obstinacy could not extinguish His love and grace. labor. Secondly. A yoke is supposed to curb the will and bring one under control. others would. God withheld the light from them. etc. But it does mean that we do not have to bear them alone.‖ His burden is light. a person must admit that he is burdened with the weight of sin. and no one fully knows the Father except the Son and the person to whom the Son chooses to reveal him. Jer 6:16.) 28“Come to me. because I am gentle and humble. (The Son will reveal many things about the Father to all who give clear evidence of true and total desire to make Him Lord of all their life.” (A yoke is a wooden frame to fasten two animals together to pull a load. Unlike those of the Pharisees! Mat 23:4. ―My yokes fit well. The following verse guards against such an interpretation. The Lord Jesus issues a universal invitation to all who are weary and heavy laden to come to Him for rest. First. Only those who acknowledge they are lost can be saved. Those who consider themselves too wise and understanding to need Christ become afflicted with judicial blindness. Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is preceded by repentance toward God. trials. He did not imply that God had high-handedly withheld the light from the wise and prudent. To serve Him is not bondage but perfect freedom. and you will find rest for your souls.
If He had been given His proper place. and therefore He was the One most qualified to .see Ex 20:10. Threshing . Instituted in Genesis 1. The Lord Jesus was the rightful King of Israel.Matthew 1At that time. Here the Sabbath day is linked not only to creation. The analogy is clear. His followers would not have been reduced to eating in this way on the Sabbath or on any other day of the week.rubbing it in their hands. Num 28:9) 6But I tell you. but also to the redemption. History was repeating itself. It was not David's fault that he was in exile.” (It was He who had instituted the law in the first place.separating the grain from the chaff). the tabernacle tent. legal nit-pickers. The Lord did not reprove His disciples. Thus. Deut 23:25.) 8for the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath. he and his followers would not have had to eat the showbread. The Sabbath is set apart by the Lord. Lev 8:31. If he had been given his rightful place. legally installed in the ten commandments. there is also. The Law of gleaning which comes into play in the Book of Ruth also plays an important role here. however. A sinful nation had rejected him. It cost the Lord a lot more to redeem you. they told him. Neither David nor his men were priests. yet God never found fault with them for doing this. Jesus walked through the grain fields on a Sabbath. but the nation would not acknowledge Him as Sovereign. the disciples‘ crime was not that they were stealing the grain. something greater than the Temple is here! (―something greater than the Temple‖: This is important because it comes up in His trial. Cf. 2.) 4How is it that he went into the house of God and ate the Bread of the Presence. The Sabbath here is referring to the Sabbath for man. Yet. but rather the apparent crime was that they were doing this on the Sabbath day. which was not lawful for him and his companions to eat but was reserved for the priests? (―house of God‖: that is. 3But he told them.) 7If you had known what „I want mercy and not sacrifice‟ means. There where laws were strangers passing by could pick the grain that they needed for hunger.) 5Or haven‟t you read in the Law that on every Sabbath the priests in the Temple violate the Sabbath and yet are innocent? (―violate the Sabbath‖ by carrying out priestly duties. The Temple hadn‘t yet been built. you would not have condemned the innocent. and is what they ultimately accuse Him of. Deut 5:14. than to create you in the first place. 29:32-33. God puts compassion before ritual. (―Sabbath‖: Saturday. Winnowing . “Look! Your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath!” (Though their specific charges are not stated it is likely that the Pharisees. God permitted an otherwise forbidden act. because they had done no wrong. Exod 25:30. the Jewish day of rest . His disciples became hungry and began picking heads of grain to eat. note that the disciples were not stealing. The Sabbath day is tied to the concept of creation. Also. He would rather see His people picking grain on the Sabbath to satisfy their hunger than observing the day so strictly as to inflict physical distress. Why not? The reason is that God's law was never intended to inflict hardship on His faithful people. “Haven‟t you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry? (1 Sam 21:5. Harvesting picking the grain. The Pharisees added more rules to the Sabbath. (Quoting from Hos 6:6. Because there was sin in Israel. a Sabbath for the land. 3. 15. accused the disciples of: 1. 11.) 2When the Pharisees saw this.
Despite some of these amusing episodes. Sabbath day issue: There are those who are really hung up on this issue. (Rhetorical questions. God’s Chosen Servant 15When Jesus became aware of this. 10Suddenly. he left that place. they thought. (You would think that the Pharisees would have been happy that the man. As a faithful Jew living under the law. “Is there a man among you who. and he healed all of them. They knew that the Savior was always predisposed to alleviate human misery. This doesn‘t mean that God won‘t honor you if you choose to honor the Sabbath day as a day of worship. Jesus went into their synagogue. Faith and human will were called into action. Many crowds followed him. they were an economic unit. we are saved by the Lord we keep. how much more justified is it to do good to a man on the Sabbath!) 13Then he told the man. (He healed ALL of them!) 16ordering . whom they had neither the power nor inclination to help. a man with a paralyzed hand appeared. “Hold out your hand. wouldn‟t take hold of it and pull it out? (Sheep were not pets.) 14The Pharisees.” (If it is right to show mercy to an animal. then they would catch Him in a punishable offense. Just recognize why you are doing it. so it is practical to get it out. (Luke tells us that the scribes and Pharisees were there to watch Him so that they might find some charge against Him). however. as healthy as his other hand. Instead they went into a white rage against Jesus. A set-up or entrapment. If one waited to deliver it until after the Sabbath it may die or be stolen. if he had one sheep and it fell into a ditch on the Sabbath. went out and plotted against Jesus to kill him. We need to realize that we are not saved by the days we keep. If He would heal on the Sabbath. but it is another to ignore the pragmatics of the situation. was healed. He freed it from the false rules and regulations with which it had become encrusted. Luke 6:6-11) 9Moving on from there.) Jesus Heals a Man with a Paralyzed Hand (Mark 3:1-6. It is one thing to ordain the Sabbath so it has reverence and respect. If they had had a withered hand.) 12How much more is a human being worth than a sheep! So it is lawful to do good on Sabbath days. Jesus doesn‘t wait for an answer. That which we do is done as an act of worship. As the Lord of the Sabbath. they would have been glad to be healed on any day of the week. not as a prerequisite to our access to the throne of Grace. Our access is through the completed work of Jesus Christ who did keep the Sabbath day for you and I. don‘t make it a legalistic thing.” He held it out and it became normal. Jesus kept the Sabbath in spite of the accusations of the Pharisees to the contrary.Matthew interpret its true meaning. intending to accuse him of doing something wrong. (Visible problem. Obedience was then rewarded with healing.) Jesus.) 11But he asked them. The people asked Jesus if it was lawful to heal on Sabbath days.
them not to make him known. (Too much public acclaim would only increase the fury of the opposition, causing them to demand His death immediately, before His work was finished. God had chosen the time and place for Him to die. He was the Lamb of God who must die in Jerusalem on the day of Passover as God‘s sacrifice for the sins of the world. Ex 12:1-14; 29:38-39; Isa 53:7; John 1:29, 36; 1 Pet 1:19; Rev 5:6; 12:11. The Passover Lamb was killed on the 14th day of the first Jewish month, Nisan, at twilight … right after sundown, which was the beginning of the day in Israel. Lev 23:5. Christ was sacrificed on the same day at 9 o‘clock in the morning as the 14th of Nisan began at the previous sundown. Mark 15:25. And He died at 3 in the afternoon of the same day. So the last Jewish Passover recognized by God was observed during the first 12 hours of the 14th of Nisan. After which, God made His sacrifice for the sins of all the world during the last 12 hours of the same day. When this happened it was God‘s New Testament, or God‘s New Agreement with mankind, regarding the forgiveness of our sins. See John 3:16.) 17This was to fulfill what was declared by the prophet Isaiah when he said, 18“Here is my Servant whom I have chosen, whom I love, and with whom I am pleased! I will put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to unbelievers. (God would put His Spirit upon Him—a prophecy fulfilled at the baptism of Jesus. And His ministry would reach beyond the confines of Israel: He would proclaim justice to the Gentiles. This latter note becomes more dominant as Israel's ―NO‖ grows louder.) 19He will not quarrel or shout, and no one will hear him shouting in the streets. (In other words, He would not be a political rabble-rouser, stirring up the populace.) 20He will not snap off a broken reed or snuff out a smoldering wick until he has brought justice through to victory. (He will not break the person who is weeping and mourning and broken in spirit because of sin; that is, He will not be severe, unforgiving and cruel. He will pardon, heal, and give strength. He will not further oppress those who have little strength. He will not extinguish life and hope when it seems to be almost gone.) 21And in his name unbelievers will hope.” (Cf. Isa 42:14. In Isaiah this expression is worded ―And the coastlands take ownership of His law,‖ but the meaning is the same. The coastlands refer to the Gentile nations. They are pictured as waiting for His reign so that they might be His loyal subjects.) Jesus is Accused of Working with Beelzebul (Mark 3:20-30; Luke 11:14-23; 12:10)
a demon-possessed man who was blind and unable to talk was brought to him. Jesus healed him so that the man could speak and see. (In Judaism, there were procedures for exorcism, but in the procedures they required the demon to identify himself. Thus, if it was the type of demon that had struck this guy dumb, there was no way to exorcize him as one could not get him to identify himself. In this case, this exorcism was recognized as unusual.) 23All the crowds were amazed and kept saying, “This man isn‟t the Son of David, is he?” 24But when the
Pharisees heard this, they said, “This man drives out demons only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons.” (Second time they have attributed His works to Beelzebub. This ties to the unpardonable sin.) 25He knew what they were thinking and told them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is destroyed, and every city or household divided against itself will not stand. (Jesus knew their thoughts. Only God can know one‘s thoughts.) 26So if Satan drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How, then, can his kingdom stand? (Jesus is pointing out the logical fallacy of the Pharisee‘s position.) 27If I drive out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your own followers drive them out? That is why they will be your judges! (Jesus is referring to they, the other Jewish followers, who did have demonstrated power to cast out demons. Acts 19:13.) 28But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come to you. 29How can someone go into a strong man‟s house and carry off his possessions without first tying up the strong man? Then he can ransack his house. (Jesus is the One who can tie up Satan‘s demons. Far from being in league with Satan, the Lord Jesus was Satan's Conqueror. The Strong man‘s house - Rev 6 - 19 where the strong man‘s house is the Planet Earth!) 30The person who isn‟t with me is against me, and the person who isn‟t gathering with me is scattering. (There is no middle ground. There can be no neutrality concerning Christ. You are either truly for Him and working with Him, or you are against Him, and your indifference or opposition gives evidence of it. To fail to openly take a definite stand for Christ, and openly defend His truths and His true servants, is to be a deserter and a traitor. Rom 10:9-10). 31So I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven, but blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. (The ministry of the Holy Spirit is to convict you of sin, and your need for a savior. While Satan tries to condemn you for your sins. Remember Rom 8:1. How does one tell if it is conviction from the Holy Spirit or condemnation from Satan? Is what is happening drawing you closer to or away from God? If your feeling of remorse for your sin is drawing you into God‘s Word, than that is the Holy Spirit. If the feelings, attitudes, thoughts and doubts over the issue, cause you to shun the Word, that is Satan trying to get you on a guilt trip.) 32Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the one to come.” (If you are worried about having committed the unpardonable sin, you haven‘t done it! Many people worry that they have committed the unpardonable sin. The fact that a person is concerned is evidence that he is not guilty of it. Those who committed it were hard and unrelenting in their opposition to Christ. They had no qualms about insulting the Spirit and no hesitancy in plotting the death of the Son. They showed neither remorse nor repentance.) A Tree is Known by Its Fruit (Luke 6:43-45)
make the tree good and its fruit good, or make the tree rotten and its fruit rotten, because a tree is known by its fruit. (Even the Pharisees should have admitted that the Lord had done good by casting out demons. Yet they accused Him of being evil. Here He exposes their inconsistency and says, in effect, ―Make up your minds.‖ The fruit of His ministry had been good. He had healed the sick, the blind, the deaf, and the dumb, had cast out demons and raised the dead. Could a corrupt tree have produced such good fruit? Utterly impossible! Why then did they so stubbornly refuse to acknowledge Him?) 34You children of serpents! How can you say anything good when you are evil? The mouth speaks about what overflows from the heart. (―children of serpents‖: Gen 3:15. Heart: Jer 17:9, 10; Matt 15:19. The Bible clearly teaches whatever is in a man‘s heart will come out from his mouth. If you wish to see who is a real Christian at work, just hang around the water cooler and listen to what people say. The language is fornication, adultery, drunkenness, drugs, smoking, sports, lying, stealing and gossip. The office watering hole will expose who you are as we will be judged by those very words. No matter what ministry or calling you think God wants for you, speaking, witnessing and preaching should be as natural as breathing. For IF Jesus is in your heart, JESUS WILL come out from those lips be it one on one or one on ten thousand.) 35A good person brings good things out of a good treasure house, and an evil person brings evil things out of an evil treasure house. (A heart filled with goodness will be evidenced by words of grace and righteousness. A wicked heart expresses itself in blasphemy, bitterness, and abuse.) 36I tell you, on Judgment Day people will give an account for every thoughtless word they have uttered, (There is not a word on our tongue that God doesn‘t know. Because the words people have spoken are an accurate gauge of their lives, they will form a suitable basis for condemnation or acquittal.) 37because by your words you will be acquitted, and by your words you will be condemned.” (Rom 10:9, 10.) The Sign of Jonah (Mark 8:11-12; Luke 11:29-32)
some of the scribes and Pharisees told Jesus, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from you.” (They have just seen a leper healed, two blind men, a demoniac, etc. all healed! And they still want a sign!) 39But he replied to them, “An evil and adulterous generation craves a sign. Yet no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah, (The unsaved often want a ―sign‖ from God. This is in spite of the testimony of creation, their conscience, the Bible, and the Christian.) 40because just as Jonah was in the stomach of the sea creature for three days and three nights, so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights. (Authentication of the Book of Jonah! The prophet Jonah wrote the book, and not just a myth, a real story. ―heart of the earth‖ - where is Hades, Sheol, ghenna? Jesus points out that Jonah spent three days and three nights in
1 Samuel 30:12. allege that the Jews counted a part of a day as the whole day. being crucified on Wednesday. Such passages as Genesis 42:17. Luke 11:30. i." There is no reason to take any of the passages cited in any sense except their literal sense. three days and three nights. Since Jesus claimed to be the Messiah. from Hades. the queen of Sheba. Hades was temporary place. yet when they heard the preaching of the errant prophet Jonah. "three days. Cf. They offer the following in support of this contention. Luke 16 . they insist that this is the literal meaning of the phrase ―three days and nights. 72 hours. Divine inspiration declares the young man "had eaten no bread. But look! Something greater than Solomon is here!” (Second. night and day". But there is absolutely no reason to give "three days and three nights" in 1 Samuel 30:12 any meaning except their literal meaning. the Jews demanded a sign of Him to prove His claim. therefore. they argue that the passover was not a fixed day. but floated.e. 18. The Abusso has no bottom: and the only place on earth with no bottom is the center of the earth. There is no mention of any nights at all in the other passages. Men. because she came from so far away to hear the wisdom of Solomon. they repented with deep grief. He is referring to the grave. how could He have been in the grave three days and nights? Some scholars believe Jesus was in the grave for three full days and nights. 1 Kings 20:29. 13. First. there is no explanation for what He did on Wednesday. Jonah 3:1-10) 42The queen of the south will stand up and condemn the people living today. While Ghenna is in the outer darkness. Jesus could give them no better proof that He was the Messiah than the literal fulfillment of the well-known sign of Jonah. they point out that. However. nor drunk any water. on the view that Jesus was crucified on Friday. Third. permanent. Hence the great need for Him to do exactly what He promised them to do. The "three days and three nights" in Jonah 1:17 are to be taken in their literal sense. the Gentiles of Nineveh were far less privileged. Esther 4:15-17. Friday. so shall Jesus spend three days and three nights in the belly of the earth. in order to get the Bible out of an embarrassing situation. All other days are accounted for.‖ Second. Only one of them even contains the expression "three days and three nights" 1 Samuel 30:12." What authority has any man to contradict these plain words by affirming the time was not so long? The expression. and 1 Chronicles 10:5 are cited to prove this theory. The Abusso was probably the center of Hades. is not the same wording as "three days and three nights" in Matthew 12:40. it would prove unto them that He was not the Messiah. unless one has a theory to prove. But look—something greater than Jonah is here! (Jesus depicted the guilt of the Jewish leaders by two contrasts.Matthew the belly of the whale.e. there is a gulf between the good half and bad half of Hades. Was Jesus in the grave for exactly three days and three nights? If Jesus was crucified on Friday. they give no evidence as to the meaning of "three days and three nights. First. in Esther 4:15. a .) 41The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment and condemn the people living today. because they repented at the preaching of Jonah. i. none of these passages prove "three days and three nights" means two nights and one day. If this sign were not literally fulfilled. This was the only sign Jesus ever gave them to prove His Messiahship. in the center of the earth.Abraham‘s bosom is the good side of Hades.
“Look! Your mother and your brothers are standing outside. Acts 1:14. the mention of Jesus' brothers strikes a blow at the teaching that Mary was a perpetual virgin. as the sequel shows. The Jews of Jesus' day did not have to travel at all to see Him. wanting to speak to him. (Jesus had brothers and sisters. but finds none. That‟s just what will happen to this evil generation!” The True Family of Jesus (Mark 3:31-35. And so the final condition of that person becomes worse than the first.) Matthew 13 The Parable about a Farmer . 44Then it says.) 45Then it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more evil than itself. There must be the positive acceptance of the Savior. Yet they had no room in their lives for Him. 7:5. it is evident that Mary did not occupy any place of special privilege as far as access into His presence was concerned. He had traveled from heaven to their little neighborhood to be their Messiah-King. 6:3. (Casting out a demon from someone leaves a vacancy. it wanders through waterless places looking for a place to rest.‟ When it arrives. he said. This view is strengthened by such other Scriptures as Ps 69:8. 1 Cor 9:5. traveled from the South. swept clean.” (Jesus was saying that His circle.” 48He asked the man who told him. “Here are my mother and my brothers. His allegiance. Cf. and who are my brothers?” 49Then pointing with his hand at his disciples. and put in order. it finds it empty. Second.Matthew Gentile outside the pale of Jewish privilege.) The Return of the Unclean Spirit (Luke 11:24-26) 43“Whenever an unclean spirit goes out of a person. Luke 8:19-21) 46While Jesus was still speaking to the crowds. we should mention two points concerning the mother of Jesus. his mother and brothers stood outside. A spiritual vacuum is a dangerous condition. at great effort and expense. 1 Kings 10:1-13. asking to speak to you. Mat 13:55. Mar 3:31-32. „I will go back to my home that I left. John 7:3. but one must fill the vacuum left behind. Reformation is not enough. Before leaving this incident. Gal 1:19. One may cleanse the man of the demon. From here on Jesus speaks only in parables to the public. The implication is strong that these were actual sons of Mary and therefore half-brothers of our Lord. was to His family of faith. for an interview with Solomon. 50because whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother. First.) 47Someone told him. and they go in and settle there. “Who is my mother.
If you are holding back any portion of yourself from the Lord. the seed lays there and the birds of the air take it away. This does not mean that God demands sinless perfection. Cf Isa 55:10. some seeds fell along the path. 19.Matthew (Mark 4:1-9. which is the Word of God. (―birds‖: Jer 5:27) 5Other seeds fell on stony ground. some 60. They sprouted at once because the soil wasn‟t deep. In stony places. and are unwilling to be faithful and obedient in everything. sowing the seed. 7Other seeds fell among thorn bushes. But He certainly does demand perfect intent. the seed of the word of God must be allowed to penetrate deep into the life and soul of a person and take full possession. The first is hard surface. there is a little soil but not enough to take root. A parable is sort of like a riddle. and some 30 times what was sown. Stories happened. an object lesson or an allegory.) 3Then he began to tell them many things in parables. Verse 18 explains the parables to the disciples in private.) 2Such large crowds gathered around him that he got into a boat and sat down. Don‘t confuse parables with stories. Adam and Eve were rebellious in only one area of their lives. there are no roots. The world makes it‘s demands on you and the thorns choke out any spiritual fruit. Lazarus.) 4As he was sowing. the evil one takes away the seed.) 9Let the person who has ears listen!” (The model is that the Lord is the Sower. Who is the Sower and what is He sowing? God is the Sower and the seed is His Word. they dried up. Thus the Lord's movement symbolizes a break with Israel. a little persecution and they are on to the next fad. A little pressure. he had a name. Since they did not have any roots. where they did not have a lot of soil. Hos 10:12. (The Holy Spirit seems to use idioms or ideas consistently … called the ―Principle of Expositional Constancy‖. Third. (Notice the decline in the fruit.) The Purpose of the Parables .) 8But other seeds fell on good soil and produced a crop. In the world there is different kinds of ground. You are not really converted. (Many Bible students see the house as picturing the nation of Israel and the sea. you are living in rebellion against Him. during its interim form. some 100. It is either all or nothing. “Listen! A farmer went out to sow. Perhaps a prophecy. the Gentiles. The field in the collective sense is the world. (Jesus was a ―beach preacher‖. they were scorched. in this case. and the thorn bushes grew higher and choked them out. this was a real event. the kingdom will be preached to the nations. He said. The last type is the condition of the heart where the seed really takes root and bears fruit. (Jer 4:3. The rich man and Lazarus is not a parable. and birds came and ate them up. while the entire crowd stood on the shore. Remember. Luke 8:4-18) 1That day Jesus left the house and sat down beside the sea. 11. To produce fruit. birds are bad in parables. four. they mean well but they get swept up in the cares of this world. 6But when the sun came up. He sat in a boat and taught the multitude on the shore. Who are the birds? See v.
therefore they were not only prevented from receiving more light. to see the Messiah.‟ (Cf. Luke 8:18. He was speaking of Himself—blessed are those who see Him and hear His words.) 13That‟s why I speak to them in parables. 19:26.‖) 14“With them the prophecy of Isaiah is being fulfilled. One commentator compares the parables to the pillar of cloud and fire which enlightened Israel while confusing the Egyptians. therefore. The disciples were favored to live at that crisis moment in history.) . One almost gets the idea that the truth is embodied in parables to tuck it away so some can‘t find them.) 16“How blessed are your eyes because they see. had rejected the Light of the world. They are a learning aid.‖ These are the words of God in human form. and their ears are hard of hearing. (The parables are given to those who are spiritually enlightened so you can know the mysteries of the kingdom. they would be given the capacity for more. The parables would be revealed to those who were sincerely interested but would prove ―only an irritation to those who were hostile to Jesus. they would receive more light.) 11He answered them. Not for those in the darkness. The prophets and righteous men of the OT had longed to be living when the Messiah arrived.Matthew (Mark 4:10-12. Isa 6:9-10. and understand with their heart and turn. and they listen but don‟t hear or understand. The Jewish nation. and I would heal them. more will be given. because „they look but don‟t see. But from the one who doesn‟t have anything.) 17I tell all of you with certainty. because they were seeing what no one had seen before. Luke 8:9-10) 10Then the disciples came and asked Jesus. The disciples had faith in the Lord Jesus. which says: „You will listen and listen but never understand. they would lose what little light they had. He was either the greatest egotist who ever lived. John 12. and your ears because they hear! (These are not the words of merely a ―great teacher. or He was the source of life in the flesh. and hear with their ears. You will look and look but never comprehend. (Is God unfair in giving to those who have? What is He talking about? Spiritual insight. which man could never learn apart from divine revelation. but their desire had not been fulfilled. even what he has will be taken away from him. They had accepted the light. They have shut their eyes so that they might not see with their eyes. to witness His miracles. therefore. and to hear the things you hear but did not hear them. “Why do you speak to people in parables?” (They asked Him to explain His method. “You have been given knowledge about the secrets of the kingdom from heaven.‟ (Cf. Isa 42:20. but only to those who have the Holy Spirit to illuminate His truth. many prophets and righteous people longed to see the things you see but did not see them. Cf.) 12because to anyone who has something. 15for this people‟s heart has become dull. Light rejected is light denied. but it hasn‟t been given to them.” (The disciples were tremendously privileged. on the other hand. and he will have more than enough. A mystery or a secret in the NT is a fact never previously known by man. Mark 4:25. and to hear the incomparable teaching which came from His lips. but which has now been revealed.
but not if it‘s going to cost them very much. to the parable about the farmer. understands it. and produces a crop that yields 100. They try as quickly as possible to forget it. They are more concerned about keeping their old friends who are on their way to Hell. but can‘t take the heat when persecution comes.) 23But as for what was sown on good soil. this is the person who hears the word. Luke 8:11-15) 18“Listen.” (Consider what the Lord is saying here in the parable about the farmer sowing seed. he immediately falls away. 21but since he doesn‟t have any root in himself. or 30 times what was sown. When trouble or persecution comes along because of the word. These are people who agree with the message. Some of these folks even attend church regularly. (See John 15:1-6 to discover what happens to those who don‘t bear fruit. Innumerable preachers and teachers today are preaching an easy way to Heaven. the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. Those receiving the message along the hard pathway are those who hear the message. Bible teacher. There needs to be a breaking up and crushing of the heart in order to get the seed in where it can grow. denoting continuous present action. But every step of the difficult way will be abundantly worth it when we get where we are going. There are probably more unsaved church people than we can begin to imagine. instead of where they are going. but their hard hearts won‘t allow the message to change them. Jesus always let His hearers know that it would cost them everything to follow Him and gain eternal life. are baptized. They think only of their own selfish plans and desires. This is what was sown along the path. then. 19When anyone hears the word about the kingdom yet doesn‟t understand it. The Greek word for ―hear‖ in this instance has been translated ―continue to listen‖. 20As for what was sown on the stony ground. become church . 60. They want Heaven. If those with hard hearts have any concern at all for their future in Heaven or Hell. backed by much prayer by preacher and people. Such hearts need to be plowed deeply by uncompromising preaching.Matthew Jesus Explains the Parable about the Farmer (Mark 4:13-20. or anyone else telling one or more people the Great News God has for them. this is the person who hears the word and accepts it joyfully at once. They way is not easy. this is the person who hears the word. They attend mainly for social reasons. he lasts for only a short time. it‘s hard! Matthew 7:13-14. Those who receive the message among thorns are those who agree with the message. 22As for what was sown among the thorn bushes. They have little interest in the truth. especially if they were convicted by it. they also need to pray. and more concerned about pleasing neighbors and family members than in pleasing the Lord. Those who receive the seed in the thin soil on the rock are those who joyfully accept the message. The one sowing seed is any minister. but the worries of life and the deceitful pleasures of wealth choke the word so that it can‟t produce a crop. or to ease their conscience. Some of this is due to faulty preaching and teaching. because it‘s in the present active.
The work they do for the Lord is done mainly to ease their conscience. 25While people were sleeping. 30Let both grow together until the harvest. They resemble the real thing. You may object and say that that‘s not the way Rev. Join these dedicated ones with all your heart! Fearful warnings from Christ and His apostles hang over all others! Not on just some of the others. This is a good illustration of cults. They don‘t produce a crop. because it‘s also in the present active. You cannot be only half converted and be converted. But it is the way Christ and His apostles taught! Check it out. (―Weeds‖: Actually darnel. and live it. the weeds appeared. but then while it matures it turns black … it shows its true color. trusting Him to make it a blessing instead of a hindrance.) 26When the crop came up and bore grain. Christ demands our all. and they are producing a great harvest.”‟” (Why did the farmer order this delay in . you sowed good seed in your field. They really believe it. and for eternal treasures. 27“The owner‟s servants came and asked him. But they are slaves to their daily cares. Read the Bible for yourself and let God show you what the truth is. and at harvest time I will tell the reapers. as they serve the Lord in whatever occupation they are in. They put obedience to God ahead of all else. indicating continuous present action. “Gather the weeds first and tie them in bundles for burning. So the work they do for God is not from the heart and is not very effective. or they turn it completely over to the Lord. „Do you want us to go and pull them out?‟ 29“He said. and even serve the Lord. or Dr. And they are constantly searching His word so they may obey and serve Him better. too. They would rather spend their time ―in a more profitable and enjoyable way‖. Anything that hinders or keeps them from being their best for the Lord is put out of their lives. But their sights are on the eternal future! No wonder God is blessing. The Greek word for ―hear‖ in this verse is also translated ―continue to listen‖. and are cumbered with desire for wealth and for all in this life that will satisfy their carnal appetites. These folks have a positive attitude about the message of the Lord. So and So preaches and teaches. you might pull out the wheat with them. a weed resembling wheat while it is growing. it is poisonous! Must separate it out. „An enemy did this!‟ “The servants asked him. They are thoroughly enjoying the present. „Master. in spite of the difficulties. But it‘s also in the indicative mood. but on all the others!) The Parable about the Weeds among the Wheat 24He presented another parable to them: “The kingdom from heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field. Be one of those in Mark 4:20. but are not. „No! If you pull out the weeds. didn‟t you? Then where did these weeds come from?‟ 28“He told them. his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat and went away. which is the mood of certainty. They are living for God.Matthew members. but bring the wheat into my barn. Don‘t let the cares of this world and the desire for things and experiences bog you down and bring upon you the judgment received by those in John 15:1-6. nothing less. If it gets mixed up in the wheat and you bake bread with it.
Jesus was not referring to all the seeds in the world. This view. And it is a fact that the mustard seed was the smallest of all seeds which the 1st century Jewish farmer sowed in his field. and a prison for every unclean and hated beast. by history. Mustard seeds grow into bushes about 3 feet tall.‖ Rev 18:2. ―Brassica nigra‖. Jehovah's Witnesses. A burning of the weeds and the wheat into His barn.” (Did Jesus make a mistake when referring to the mustard seed as the smallest of all seeds? Today we know that the mustard seed is not the smallest seed of all. it suffered abnormal growth. and the Unification Church … the latter is also known as moonies. It becomes a structure so large and spacious that birds come and lodge in the branches. is contradicted by Scripture. Today the umbrella of Christendom covers such Christ-denying systems as Unitarianism. something larger than it is supposed to.) The Parables about a Mustard Seed and Yeast (Mark 4:30-32. the ministers of Satan! The seed represents the humble beginning of the kingdom. It would be unhealthy growth. But there will be a separation. When God commanded His people to rid their houses of yeast. At first the kingdom was kept relatively small and pure as a result of persecution. They should not be deceived nor equate growth with success. So there is no contradiction here between science and Scripture. What Jesus said was literally true in the context in which He said it. they understood this. and the birds in the sky come and nest in its branches. “The kingdom from heaven is like a mustard seed that a man took and planted in his field. Though the tiny seed would become an abnormal tree. Luke 13:18-21) 31He presented another parable to them. Mormonism. however. The kingdom became a nesting place for Satan and his agents. Birds are the birds that picked up the seed in the first parable. Yeast is always a type of evil in the Bible. 36 for explanation. The seed is the size of a fleck of ground pepper. and by current events. when it is fully grown it is larger than the garden plants and becomes a tree. Have you ever seen a bird lodge in a small bush? This mustard seed apparently grows to become a monstrosity. its largeness would become ―a prison for every unclean spirit.Matthew separation? In nature the roots of the grain and darnel are so intertwined that it is virtually impossible to pull up one without the other. It is still common in Israel. Christian Science. Ex 12:15.) 33He told them another parable: “The kingdom from heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed with three measures of flour until all of it was leavened. Then the birds came and roosted in it.” (A common interpretation is that the meal is the world and the yeast is the gospel which will be preached throughout the world until everyone becomes saved. So here the Lord forewarned the disciples that during His absence the kingdom would experience a phenomenal growth. If anyone ate what . but only those that a Palestinian farmer sowed in his field. saying. But with the patronage and protection of the state. a prison for every unclean bird. See v.) 32Although it is the smallest of all seeds. (This is evidently the black mustard. Cf.
His disciples came to him and asked. and the context of Gal 5:9 shows that there it means false teaching. Jesus only spoke to the multitudes in parables from Chapter 12 on. yeast means either evil doctrine or evil behavior. Jesus warned against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees in Mat 16:6. In 1 Cor 5:6-8 yeast is defined as vice and wickedness. So in this parable the Lord warns against the permeating power of evil working in the kingdom of heaven. Lk 11:50. I will declare what has been hidden since the creation of the world. 17:8. He sowed directly during His earthly ministry. It is important to emphasize that the field is the world. The parable of the mustard seed shows evil in the external character of the kingdom. He did not tell them anything without using a parable. Why Jesus Used Parables (Mark 4:33-34) 34Jesus told the crowds all these things in parables. We believe that in this parable the meal represents the food of God's people as it is found in the Bible. not on every occasion. while the weeds are those who belong to the evil one. 25:34. (The field is the world. Rev 13:8. “The person who sowed good seed is the Son of Man. “Explain to us the parable about the weeds in the field. “I will open my mouth to speak in parables. The good seed are those who belong to the kingdom. Is it not significant that women have been the founders of several false cults? Forbidden by the Bible to teach in the church.) 38while the field is the world. The woman is a false prophetess who teaches and beguiles. some have defiantly taken the place of doctrinal authorities and have adulterated the food of God's people with destructive heresies. 12 and the yeast of Herod in Mark 8:15. ―creation of the world‖: 7 times in the NT ( Mt 13:35. In general. He sows the world . this parable shows the inward corruption that would take place.” (Cf. The yeast is evil doctrine. These things that the Lord is talking about in Mt 13 are first time occasions. These parables contain truths that are hidden from the Old Testament otherwise they would not have been ―hidden from the creation of the world‖. Jesus identified Himself as the sower. 1 Tim 2:12). and has been sowing through His servants in succeeding ages. Heb 4:3. Ps 78:2.Matthew was leavened from the first till the seventh day of this Feast of Unleavened Bread. It does not say that He always and on every occasion spoke to a crowd only in parables.) 35This was to fulfill what was declared by the prophet when he said. ―The weeds‖: Satan has a counterfeit for every divine reality. 9:26.) Jesus Explains the Parable about the Weeds 36Then Jesus left the crowds and went into the house. he would be cut off from Israel. (In His interpretation of the wheat and tares parable.” 37He answered. See Rev 2:20. (Did Jesus always speak in parables or not? Jesus‘ statement may have only a reference to what He was doing at that time. not the church. Not found overtly in other Old Testament books. See 1 Cor 14:34.
and. Man‘s age. Cf. He died on the cross for all sinners. What did it cost Him? His Blood. to assume that you can add to that which God has called complete is blasphemy. Oysters are not kosher. Let the person who has ears listen!” (This parable does not justify. The treasure is hidden in the field. ―Who has ears …. 1 Cor 5:9-13. (i. He didn‘t buy just one little parcel He bought the whole field. While they might trade in them . The One that gave up all that He had for the sake of the treasure is Jesus Christ! He wanted the treasure. the toleration of ungodly people in a local Christian church. Ps 135 – we are described as His peculiar treasure. he went and sold everything he had and bought it. See Ex 19:5. In that place there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. or the world. Mat 25:41.e.Matthew with those who look like.” (Not saying to sell all and buy Jesus Christ. Who did the buying? He did. 39. extreme pain. Deut 8 forbids oysters. and the reapers are the angels. Lk 16:19-31. To feel that you can add one thing to that which He has done 100% is arrogance. the kingdom of heaven will include the real and the imitation. the harvest is the end of the age. the genuine and the counterfeit. Heb 9:26. who will be taken away in judgment. who will enjoy the glorious reign of Christ on earth.‖ from Rev 2 & 3.) 40Just as weeds are gathered and burned with fire. Then God's messengers will separate the false. 47. so it will be at end of the age. Rev 14:911. as Jesus is free gift. as some mistakenly suppose. the letters to Seven churches. To aspire to doing anything to gain Him is blasphemy. He purchased what? You and I! Who is the treasure hid in the field? You and I!) The Parable about a Valuable Pearl 45“Again.) 39The enemy who sowed them is the devil. 40. 28:20. walk like disciples. yet says jewels. the kingdom from heaven is like a merchant searching for fine pearls. 41The Son of Man will send his angels. The parable simply teaches that in its mystery form. from the true. Remember that the field is the world. But they are not genuine followers of the King. See Mal 3:17. talk like. Local churches are explicitly commanded to put out of their fellowship all who are guilty of certain forms of wickedness. not the church. one can only eat seafood with scales. not pearls.” (Sounds like the parable of the hidden treasure. This means that pearls were not prized by the Jewish community. to some extent. and they will gather from his kingdom everything that causes others to sin and those who practice lawlessness 42and they will throw them into a blazing furnace. 20:10-15) 43Then the righteous will shine like the sun in their Father‟s kingdom. In his excitement he went and sold everything he had and bought that field. and that this condition will continue until the end of the age. Remember in the Torah the laws that were laid down. 24:3. 46When he found a very valuable pearl. (―end of the age‖ found 6 times in the NT: v.) The Parable about a Hidden Treasure 44“The kingdom from heaven is like treasure hidden in a field that a man found and hid.
Then they sat down. the kingdom from heaven is like a large net thrown into the sea that gathered all kinds of fish. 50and will throw them into a blazing furnace.” (i. What a fascinating model of the Church! A Gentile organ grows as the response to an irritation. pearls are distinctly a Gentile ornament. Luke 4:16-30) 53When Jesus had finished these parables. cull out the evil people from among the righteous ones.) 49That is how it will be at the end of the age. (Notice the good fish and the bad fish were in the net together.e.) Jesus is Rejected at Nazareth (Mark 6:1-6. The ―fish‖ that are caught are those who respond to the gospel – the evangelistic ―catch‖. “That is why every scribe who has been trained for the kingdom from heaven is like the master of a household who brings both new and old things out of his treasure chest. The Church always grew under persecution. So why a pearl of great value used by Jesus in this parable? Because of all jewels. by bringing out the truth from both the Old and New Testaments. 54He went to his hometown and began teaching the people in their synagogue in such a way that they were amazed and asked. they were obligated to share with others. not a Jewish ornament. In ministering to others they were now to use truths from both the Old Testament and from the new truth He was giving them. from old truths to be rediscovered and from new truths yet to be discovered in God‘s message. Disciples are to be channels.Matthew because they would sell them to the Gentiles.” (This may surprise us. “Yes. sorted the good fish into containers. they remain in the world. from old and new experiences in life. 48When it was full. he left that place. both spiritual and physical. In that place there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. pearls are the only one that is made by a living organism as a response to irritation that has been introduced. It is removed from its place of growth to become an item of adornment. The world is not caught in the dragnet of the kingdom of heaven. Perhaps we cannot answer ―yes‖ so confidently. extreme pain) New and Old Treasures 51“Do you understand all these things?” They told him. not terminals of blessings.) 52Then he told them. or even make us slightly jealous of them. They remain together until the Day of Judgment when the separation of the good and the bad takes place. “Where did this man get this wisdom .) The Parable about a Net 47“Again.” (Because they understood. and threw the bad ones away. The angels will go out. When you have come to understand the truth. the fishermen hauled it ashore. you are then able to teach others.
The fourth was another Philip. filling needs where there was no consciousness of need. Simon. “This is John the Baptist! He has been raised from the dead. and that‟s why these miracles are being done by him.) 3Herod had arrested John.” (They were offended at Him. Luke 9:7-9) 1At that time Herod the tetrarch. Herod‘s family tree is unusual in that you have daughters that marry great uncles. isn‟t she? His brothers are James. John could not let this pass without rebuke. Herodius. Mar 6:5. and put him in prison on account of Herodias. James and Jude. etc. (Unbelief largely hindered the Savior's work in Nazareth. He teaches in the synagogue and they are impressed. and from each generation there is at least two mentioned. He was Idumean.) 56And his sisters are all with us. he pointed his finger at Herod and . This prompted Jesus to point out that a genuine prophet is generally more appreciated away from home. and Idumea. But Jesus told them. His own district and His own relatives allowed their familiarity to breed contempt. Samaria. Herod tried to silence him by throwing him in prison. isn‟t it? His mother is named Mary.) 4John had been telling him. He healed only a few sick folk there. and Judas. healing people who would have resented being told they were sick.Matthew and these miracles? (―hometown‖: Nazareth.) 55This is the builder‟s son. The Tetrarch of Galilee and Paria. When he died he was succeeded by Herod Archelaus. his brother Philip‟s wife. Then Herod Antipas. But being married to this Arabian daughter of an Arab King was sort of academic because he lived in open adultery with his brother Phillip‘s wife. at least two of his brothers become believers. But He would have been blessing people where there was no desire for blessing. “It is not lawful for you to have her. He was in power because of his politics with Rome. man's wickedness cannot restrain God's power. bound him with chains. 2told his servants. hearing about the fame of Jesus.) Matthew 14 The Death of John the Baptist (Mark 6:14-29. mentioned in Luke 3:1. He undertook extensive building campaigns. (Herod Antipas was married to the daughter of King Aretas of Arabia. Indignantly and fearlessly.” (There are at least three generations of Herods in the New Testament. Masada. Then Philip of Trachonitis. aren‟t they? So where did this man get all these things?” 57And they were offended by him.) 58He did not perform many miracles there because of their unbelief. And that is what John the Baptist kept preaching against. Cf. Remember His last visit where they wanted to stone Him. aren‟t they? (Note his brothers! Mary did not remain a virgin after Jesus! We know that after His resurrection. Joseph. “A prophet is without honor only in his hometown and in his own home.” (As a prophet of God. the one we are discussing in this passage. It was not because He could not do the works. This is not Herod the Great found in Mt 2. the Tetrarch of Judea. who was east of the Jordan. not Jewish.
Actually. ) 5Although Herod wanted to kill him. There is but one end for such a man – ‗off with his head!‘ You had better not try to preach repentance until you have pledged your head to heaven. for the head of John the Baptist on a silver platter. Salome. they fear religion when it breaks loose and begins to challenge their consciences. The only way to repent of both was to release the woman. he is the one that starts the Christian persecutions in Jerusalem … Acts 12.‖) 6But when Herod‟s birthday celebration was held. He did not say: ―It is not lawful for you to have taken her‖ but rather ―It is not lawful for you to have her‖.) 9Under pressure because of his promises and his assembled guests. perhaps violently. Instead. continuous action: ―For John had been telling. but stay with her and don‘t commit adultery again with another woman‖.) 11His head was brought on a platter and given to the girl. Herod was upset because he did not want to do this for political reasons. either dead or behind bars.) 10So he sent word and had John beheaded in prison. 8Prompted by her mother. the daughter of Herodias danced before the guests. The Jehovah‘s Witnesses take this to mean that birthdays are evil and should not be celebrated by God‘s people. right here on a platter. (Does this passage prove that birthdays are evil? In this passage Herod on his birthday put John the Baptist to death. The people acclaimed John as a prophet. (The man whose little sermon is ‗repent‘ sets himself against his age. This is ―guilt by association.‖ This is why Herodias nursed a grudge against John. If adultery were merely an act. He has a son that is also named Agrippa. Jesus commended John as being the greatest man born of women.‖ All this verse proves is that Herod was evil. Some say the sin was that of incest.” (Herodius had more ambitious plans. they carried off the body and buried it. Salome requested. but he had committed himself. “Give me. He should have been more discreet and sensitive. Apparently it was the style of the King at such occasions to grant a broad wish if he is pleased. danced before the King.. and will for the time being be battered mercilessly by the age whose moral tone he challenges. Herod Antipas is succeeded by Herod Agrippa. If he had said. Note also in Mark 6:18 John‘s warning to Herod was a repeated. John died in vain. not that birthdays are evil. the king ordered that it be done. and would have reacted. ―Just recognize you sinned. and she took it to her mother. he was afraid of the crowd. She pleased Herod 7so much that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she asked for.Matthew denounced him for his immorality. ―The ungodly like religion in the same way that they like lions.. the head of John the Baptist. Herod had committed two sins: adultery and incest. since they regarded John as a prophet. (The king was angry enough to kill him but it was not politically expedient. John was rebuking a sinner. calling only for Herod to say he was sorry and giving permission to continue on with Herodias. she said. against John's execution. literally! Her daughter. by the prompting of her mother. she wanted his head. but also for the sinner. So the tyrant satisfied his rage momentarily by having the Baptizer imprisoned. not only for the saint. 12When John‟s disciples came. Salome was married to her great uncle Phillip mentioned in Luke 3. which shows that immorality is sin. Then . Herodius had planned for this occasion. Herodias would not have had reason to be so upset with John.
on the Sea of Galilee. Then the disciples picked up what was left of the broken pieces. This is .) 18He said. You give them something to eat. after 3:00 p. we too should go and tell it to Jesus. our compassionate Lord set to work immediately. in Revelation. Until the right time. Cf John 6:59. So many people. Why five loaves and 2 two fishes? Five is number of grace. it‘s just a many mile journey. (Far from being irritated by this intrusion. (After feeding that immense crowd. Send the crowds away so that they can go into the villages and buy food for themselves.” (A loaf of bread was generally seven inches in diameter and half an inch to once inch thick. one for each to take home. (Getting such a large multitude to sit down was also not a small task!) 20All of them ate and were filled.. and it‟s already late.) 15When evening had come.. “Bring them to me. Jesus by boat. he looked up to heaven and blessed them. “They don‟t need to go away.” 19Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass. “We don‟t have anything here except five loaves of bread and two fish.Matthew they went and told Jesus. Notice that wherever we see the number five used in scripture it is in a place suggestive of the Grace of God. oppression. Two is the number of witness. We can be sure He did not go because of fear. Nor could they have left us a better example. In times of persecution. Taking the five loaves and the two fish. “This is a deserted place. they had far more food left over than when they started! Why did the Lord do this? Practical dimension. and the disciples gave them to the crowds. His disciples felt that a crisis was brewing.) 17They told him. twelve baskets full. (Jesus avoids the region of Herod the Tetrarch and stays in the region of Phillip. Then he broke the loaves in pieces and gave them to his disciples. He had compassion for them and healed their sick. that is. he left that place and went by boat to a deserted place by himself.” (He caught the disciples off guard by saying this. ―Towns‖: Many towns around the Sea of Galilee. (They could not have gone to anyone better to pour out their grief and indignation. (Five thousand men. Can go by foot around the Sea. Luke 9:10-17. he saw a large crowd. He knew that nothing could happen to Him before His time had come.) 14When he got out of the boat. and nothing for them to eat!) 16But Jesus told them. a lot of people came a long way to hear Him. Two witnesses are seen in Joshua. The boy‘s lunch was the best they could bring. John notes that these loaves were in some small basket that a child had. etc. suffering.000 men. so He made sure that their needs were met.” (When evening came.) 21Now those who had eaten were about 5. John 6:1-14) 13When Jesus heard this. and Jesus did a miracle when they brought the best they had. Why 12 baskets left over? Maybe to teach the twelve disciples a lesson. The crowds heard of it and followed him on foot from the neighboring towns. besides women and children. the disciples went to him and said.. and sorrow. plus women and children. Out in the wilderness.m.) Jesus Feeds More than Five Thousand People (Mark 6:30-44.
started walking on the water. 27“Have courage!” Jesus immediately told them. 30But when he noticed the strong wind. As he began to sink.) 24By this time the boat was in the middle of the sea and was being battered by the waves. Believing something and having faith are two different things.” (Peter sensed that Jesus' commands are His enablements. “Lord. because the wind was against them. “It‟s me.m. I can believe that the Lord will sustain me. Why is this one included? The miracle is a spiritual lesson for disciples of every generation. but just a longing to follow the Lord into the realm of the supernatural. trusting. Peter knew Jesus intimately—he knew the mind of the Master. 15. The Savior seems far away.) Jesus Walks on the Sea (Mark 6:45-52.Matthew the only precrucifixion miracle that is in all four Gospels. then he starts to sink. In Jewish reckoning there were two ―evenings‖. 25Shortly before dawn. “Come on!” So Peter got down out of the boat. perplexed. And always there is the compassionate Savior. We often mistake Him even then and push the panic button. One can infer that these experienced fishermen were reluctant to go to sea because they could see a storm coming.) 26When the disciples saw him walking on the sea. save me!” (Lesson for you and I. referred to in v. (―by himself to pray‖: Hos 5:15. I don‘t have faith until I actually step off. he was there alone. The hungry multitude is always present. Cf John 12:26). he was frightened. “It‟s a ghost!” And they screamed in terror. There are very few events that are in all four. When the night seems darkest. in despair. if it‟s you. and came to Jesus. 29Jesus said. began in midafternoon.) 31At . There is always a little band of disciples with seemingly pitiful resources. referred to here. Stop being afraid!” (How true to our own experience! We are often storm-tossed. while he sent the crowds away. Mk 6:30-44. But all the time He is praying for us. walking on the sea. Jesus came to them. (―Shortly before dawn‖: between 3:00 and 6:00 a. at sunset. order me to come to you on the water. they were terrified and cried out. Then we hear His comforting voice and remember that the waves that caused us to fear are under His feet. Jn 6:1-14. We get the impression that while Peter looked at the Lord he was doing fine. and Jesus put His blessing on Peter‘s idea. Faith has to do with believing coupled with relying upon. Cf Lk 9:10-17. and the other. He multiplies it to feed thousands. We get the impression that Peter looked around at his circumstances. that He gives strength for whatever He orders. John 6:16-21) 22Jesus immediately had the disciples get into a boat and cross to the other side ahead of him. When evening came. When disciples are willing to give Him their little all.) 23After dismissing the crowds. (Did Jesus know that there was a storm coming? Jesus made the disciples go on the boat. Peter had the concept. he shouted. he went up on a hillside by himself to pray. “Lord. He is near at hand.) 28Peter answered him. One. He knew that his desire wasn‘t an impertinent presumption.
The oral traditions which were embodied in writings called the Talmud and. Looking down caused him to doubt and the doubt caused him to lose power. Yet. 33Then the men in the boat began to worship Jesus. in another sense.) Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret (Mark 6:53-56) 34They crossed over and came ashore at Gennesaret. “Why do you also disregard the commandment of God because of your tradition? (Jesus escalates the whole discussion up a bit. In some respects Judaism was the embodiment of the commandments of God. there are oral traditions. and it was the respect and reverence that Judaism had for the Torah that preserved them for God‘s purpose. they sent word throughout that region and brought him everyone who was sick. so why mention that these were from Jerusalem? We will be seeing a confrontation between the traditions of Judaism and the commandments of God. For example: Ex 34:26. For a while. of which there is nothing about washing your hands in this sense in the Old Testament. 35When the men of that place recognized Jesus. why did you doubt?” (Why did he sink? Because of his doubt. “You certainly are the Son of God!” (One gets the impression that there was more than the 12 disciples in the boat. This was Gentile country. and everyone who touched it was completely healed. at least. yet here we are talking about your everyday orthodox Jew. “You who have so little faith. The district experienced health and healing through a visit by the Great Physician. which they put above the written tradition. and the kosher laws. Judaism was also ensnared with traditions of men. In Judaism. saying. and asked him. . Notice their belief. the wind stopped blowing. They held the Torah higher. superseded the Torah.” (The Pharisee headquarters was in Jerusalem. Always remember Rom 8:28!) 32As they got into the boat.Matthew once Jesus reached out his hand. ―Don‘t wash their hands‖: Bible does have laws for the priests. there were no sick people. caught him. 36They kept begging him to let them touch just the tassel of his garment. ―tassel of his garment‖: echo back to the woman with the issue of blood?) Matthew 15 Jesus Challenges the Tradition of the Elders (Mark 7:1-23) 1Then some Pharisees and scribes came from Jerusalem to Jesus and asked.) 3But he answered them. 2“Why do your disciples disregard the tradition of the elders? They don‟t wash their hands when they eat. but would only look at it through the interpretation of the Talmud or the Mishna. (And so the doctors in that area had a holiday. the Mishna.
9Their worship of me is empty.) 4Because God said. or in reserve for the performance of a vow. It is what comes out of the mouth that makes a person unclean. Minute instructions were given by God as to foods that were clean or unclean. They insisted.) 10Then calling out to the crowd. what went into the mouth did defile a man. „Whoever tells his father or his mother. “Listen and understand! 11It is not what goes into the mouth that makes a person unclean. „Whoever curses father or mother must certainly be put to death. that before a Jew ate. One being that you could set aside some of your goods for either of two purposes: as a dedication to the Temple. 8„These people honor me with their lips. Exod 20:12. But it is just as important that we show real loving care for our parents in many other ways as well. He said that the food which His disciples ate with unwashed hands did not defile them. Now the Law-giver paved the way for the abrogation of the whole system of ceremonial defilement. (There was a set of traditions. They were not allowed to eat a fish unless it had scales and fins. you have disregarded the authority of God‟s word. and will surely bring down His wrath in judgment upon us sooner or later.” (This all applies to money. then. Lev 20:9) 5But you say.‟ (Cf. „You are to honor your father and your mother. “Whatever support you might have received from me has been given to God. If it was corban it was excluded from your requirement to take care of your parents. or for the keeping of some vow. say grandpa and grandma were hungry.‟ and. or vow. overemphasized. over embellished and eventually became a heresy.‟ Because of your tradition. but their hearts are far from me. for instance. So they used this tradition of reserving it as a gift to God as an excuse to get around the commandment to care for their father and their mother. But if you had a big steak you could declare it corban as being exempt from having to take care of your parents with it. ―Human rules as doctrines‖: Everyone of the great heresies started with a germ of truth that got exaggerated. you were to provide for them. he addressed them.” (Under the Levitical code.) 6does not have to honor his father. Scriptural protection from this sort of trap is to absorb the whole counsel of God.Matthew The elders had added tradition to the cleansing rituals. you could claim them as corban—it is a gift. If he had been in the marketplace. Failure to do so is known by God. But the hypocrisy of the . So Jesus is saying that these traditions are not only wrong. he was supposed to take a ceremonial bath. Which meant specifically that those goods were set aside for the Temple for the Lord. Thus. Deut 5:16 and Exod 21:17. but also the arms up to the elbows. but they have been contrived as to make the commandment of God of no effect!) 7You hypocrites! How well did Isaiah prophesy of you when he said. he should put his hands through an elaborate cleansing process.‟” (Cf. From this idea came a practice. Isa 29:13. If your goods were in that category. the Pharisees criticized the disciples for failing to observe the intricacies of the washings prescribed by Jewish tradition. Their worship was worthless because they were giving higher priority to the traditions of men than to the Word of God. The Jews were forbidden to eat the meat of any animal which did not chew the cud and have cloven hooves. washing not just the hands. because they teach human rules as doctrines.
In fact. Nothing is more deceitful than the heart. 2 Tim 4:3-4) 15Then Peter told him. Incurably wicked. Anything that is in your life that God didn‘t plant is temporal and will be rooted out. If you even think these things. “Are you still so ignorant? 17Don‟t you know that everything that goes into the mouth passes into the stomach and then is expelled as waste? (The Lord first expressed wonder that they were so slow to understand.. adultery. (Here the heart is not the organ that pumps blood. as well as murder. false testimony. (Stealing is also denying someone else the rightful use of his or her own property.) 14Leave them alone.) A Canaanite Woman’s Faith (Mark 7:24-30) 21Then Jesus left that place and went to the region of Tyre and Sidon. This part of man's moral nature manifests itself by impure thoughts. and slander.Matthew scribes and Pharisees—that was truly defiling. “Every plant that my heavenly Father did not plant will be pulled up by the roots. The Law of Moses dealt with the overt act with was enforceable by the society. punctilious observance of hand-washing ceremonies. They could criticize the disciples' failure to keep uninspired traditions. He gives us a new one. translates those intents to the heart.” (The Pharisees and scribes were extremely careful concerning the ostentatious. then explained that true defilement is moral. yet plot to kill the Son of God and be guilty of the whole catalog of sin listed in verse 19. If one blind person leads another blind person. this was the only time during His public ministry that He was outside . stealing. This is not a parable this is a straightforward instruction. Jesus Christ in Matthew 5. they were blind to spiritual realities as were the people they were leading. Edible foods are not intrinsically clean or unclean.” (Though professing to be authorities in spiritual matters. (For a plant to be bad. then by depraved words. They majored in minors and overlooked the matters of real importance. no material thing is evil in itself. But their inner lives were polluted. (As far as we know. then what does? Jesus answered… ) 18But the things that come out of the mouth come from the heart. 6 and 7 on the Sermon of the Mount. and it is those things that make a person unclean. it is the abuse of a thing that is wrong.. all it has to be is a plant that God did not plant! Meaning things in your life.) 12Then the disciples came and asked him. “Explain to us this parable.) 16Jesus said. Luk 6:39. Jer 5:30-31. But eating with unwashed hands doesn‟t make a person unclean. “Do you realize that the Pharisees were offended when they heard this statement?” 13He replied. ―Heart‖: Jer 17:9-10. but the corrupt source of human motives and desires. both will fall into a ditch. Isa 9:13-17. They are blind guides of the blind. Cf Mat 12:33-37) 19It is out of the heart that evil thoughts come. If food doesn't defile. sexual immorality. None of us can lay claim to not having any one of these occur in our heart. not physical. then by evil acts.” (Parables are riddles. God never cures an old heart.) 20These are the things that make a person unclean.
) 24But he replied.) Jesus Feeds More than Four Thousand People . help me!” (―Lord‖: Different than her first calling of Him as ―Son of David. 31As a result. Won't You let me have some crumbs? I am not worthy that You should heal my daughter. 17:6. a Canaanite woman from that territory came near and began to shout.) 25Then she came and fell down before him. bestowing spiritual healing on Gentiles during this age when His ancient people are set aside nationally). the crippled healed.) 26He replied.” (The Jews considered themselves children of God.” (She said. Two prophecies that point to the fact that the Canaanite will be driven out of the land. But even the puppies eat the crumbs that fall from their masters‟ tables. saying.) 22Suddenly.” That very hour her daughter was healed. The fact that our Lord healed this Gentile daughter at a distance suggests His present ministry at God's right hand. ―Son of David‖ is a title of the Messiah. she would come as a creature to her Creator. He does not respond because she has no basis.‖) 28Then Jesus answered her. The people. This is certainly implied from Jesus‘ next words. and she is of a specifically cursed group. Then his disciples came up and kept urging him. those unable to talk. the lame walking. 30Large crowds came to him. “Send her away. They placed them at his feet. Luke 11:5-13. and many others. Jesus Heals Many People 29Jesus left there and went along the Sea of Galilee.Matthew Jewish territory. “Lady. 18:1-8. the crowd was amazed to see those who were unable to talk speaking. and he healed them. associating Jesus and His disciples with Israel.” (His primary mission was to Israel. being Canaanite. your faith is great! What you want is granted. So they praised the God of Israel. correctly deduced that the God of Israel was working in their midst. in effect. And they were accustomed to referring to all other people as dogs. “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the nation of Israel. Lord. Then he went up on a hillside and sat down.) 27She said. (Jesus said she had great faith because she refused to be denied. bringing with them the lame. “Yes. the crippled. she is not Jewish. “It‟s not right to take the children‟s bread and throw it to the puppies. Son of David! My daughter is severely demon-possessed!” (Area of Lebanon. Zech 14:21. Lord. the blind. the Canaanites.” (The Lord chose to ignore her! ―Send her away‖… with her cure. but I beseech You to do it for one of Your undeserving creatures. “Have mercy on me. “Lord. The Canaanites were not supposed to be spared by Joshua.) 23But he didn‟t answer her at all. ―You are right! I am only one of the little puppies under the table. Cf Joel 3:17. she is a Gentile.‖ If she couldn't come to Him as a Jew to her Messiah. because she keeps on screaming as she follows us. But I notice that crumbs sometimes fall from the table to the floor. (The presumption is strong that this was a Gentile neighborhood. and the blind seeing.
at least twice and up to five times bigger. “How many loaves of bread do you have?” They said. 5… less people … 4000 vs. The freethinkers of their day. 5000 men+ women and children … and less left over … 7 vs. the resurrection of the . Matthew 16 Interpreting the Time (Mark 8:11-13. and miscalculation. The fact is that the two incidents are quite distinct. and a few small fish. So the seven baskets here may have been a lot more than was left over last time. five the number of grace. 36he took the seven loaves and the fish and gave thanks. In this case.” (Note that there are seven loaves. the number 3 suggests the resurrection or new beginning. confusing this incident with the feeding of the 5. 39After he sent the crowds away.) 33The disciples asked him. 12 baskets. This might be a hint of the Church.) 35Ordering the crowd to sit down on the ground. then He steps in and does what they can't. the modernists. they did not believe in the supernatural and denied the existence of angels and spirits. the seven baskets full!) 38Now those who had eaten were four thousand men. I don‟t want to send them away without food. and the two fishes—the number of witness. the Sadducees were the unitarians.) 37All of them ate until they were filled.000. the 12 tribes. they had left over 12 baskets full. and the fishes aren‘t numbered. In the first case. 34Jesus asked them.Matthew (Mark 8:1-10) 32Then Jesus called his disciples and said. “Seven. and the disciples gave them to the crowds. “I have compassion for the crowd because they have already been with me for three days and have nothing to eat. (He expects His disciples to do what they can. The word basket here in the Greek is a large hamper. Twelve is the number of government of Israel. besides women and children. they had been with them for 3 days. The first feeding had emphasized. have accused the Bible of duplication.” (Careless or critical readers. They were specifically aimed at Israel. Then he broke them in pieces and kept giving them to his disciples. then the disciples picked up what was left of the broken pieces—seven baskets full. the small boy that had the basket … the basket was actually a small hand bucket. contradiction. (The Pharisees with the Sadducees— strange combination because the Pharisees were the extreme religionists. (This time more loaves … 7 vs. and supplement rather than contradict each other. Luke 12:54-56) 1When the Pharisees and Sadducees arrived. or they may faint on the road. he got into a boat and went to the region of Magadan. in order to test Jesus they asked him to show them a sign from heaven. The Holy Spirit is drawing our attention to the number seven. “Where in the wilderness are we to get enough bread to feed such a crowd?” (Again His disciples became frustrated at the impossible task of feeding such a mob).
000 plus and had twelve baskets of food left.Matthew body.000 plus and had left over only seven basketfuls. the immortality of the soul.” (They thought He was saying.000 and how many baskets you collected. but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah. When there were only five loaves and two fish. ) The Yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees (Mark 8:14-21) 5When his disciples reached the other side. (Why is this here? Partly to alert you as to what yeast really means back in Matthew 13. why are you discussing among yourselves the fact that you don‟t have any bread? (… and concluding among yourselves that I‘m concerned about the same thing? Jesus realizes that they are misunderstanding the whole thing.000 and the 4. but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. ―Little is much if God is in it.000 and how many baskets you collected? (They were still worrying about a food shortage in spite of the fact that He who fed the 5. „Red sky at night.000 was with them. He fed only 4. and the more food there was left over. The seven baskets in this incident are considered to have been larger than the twelve on the previous occasion. 6Jesus told them. “You say. So He reviewed the two miraculous feedings with them. cloudy and storming.) 8Knowing this.” Then he left them and went away. He can multiply them in inverse proportion to their amount. The lesson that emerged concerned divine arithmetic and divine resourcefulness. 10or the seven loaves for the 4. what a delight! 3Red sky in the morning.) 9Don‟t you understand yet? Don‟t you remember the five loaves for the 5. (Second time that Jesus has used the prophet Jonah as a ―sign of the times‖. to know what time it is on God‘s clock. If we put our limited resources at His disposal. natural explanation where a spiritual lesson was intended. “We didn‟t bring along any bread. With more loaves and fish. the more He fed.000.) 2He replied to them. But the underlying lesson remains: Why worry about hunger and want when we are linked with One who has infinite power and resources?) 11How can you fail to understand that I wasn‟t talking to you about bread? Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!” 12Then they understood that he did not say to beware of the yeast used in bread.) . and eternal punishment. ―Don't go to those Jewish leaders for food supplies!‖ Their preoccupation with food caused them to look for a literal. “Watch out! Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!” 7As they began to discuss this among themselves. for the less Jesus had to work with.‖ A different word is used for baskets here than in the feeding of the 5. they had forgotten to take any bread along. “You who have little faith. they kept saying.‟ You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky. Jesus asked them. He fed 5. yet you can‟t interpret the signs of the times? (―signs of the times‖: The signs of the end. See Mat 12:38-41.) 4An evil and adulterous generation craves a sign.
The setting could hardly be more dramatic. “Some say John the Baptist. (―Peter‖: Gr. That‘s the Father‘s job. “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” (Caesarea Philippi. Beside it was a gleaming white temple dedicated to Augustus Caesar. Indeed. Here a huge cave. Up the valley from here stood a vast triad of GraecoRoman temples dedicated to Jupiter. What is important to notice is that the Gospel writers never created these sayings. their reports were in accordance with journalistic standards of the day and even today for that matter. “You are the Messiah. “How blessed you are. we find that it is never used symbolically of man.Matthew Peter Declares His Faith in Jesus (Mark 8:27-30. since flesh and blood has not revealed this to you. He was talking to Jews. Luke 9:20. others Elijah. Dove is a symbol of the Holy Spirit. “But who do you say I am?” 16Simon Peter answered. ―On this rock‖: Gr. that which is hewn out of a rock. Eph 2:20. Petra: the rock out of which a stone is hewn. Simon son of Jonah. or other unbeliever that Jesus is God.) 17Then Jesus told him. all three reports note that Peter confessed that Jesus is ―the Christ of God. In this setting. thought he might fulfill Isa 53:7. Also. a stone. Remember. within a century the Christian Great News had essentially turned ―the world upside down‖ or should we rather say ―rightside up‖ thruout the heathen world in spite of fierce imperial persecutions. Luke 9:18-21) 13When Jesus had come to the region of Caesarea Philippi. Christ prophesied that the Church would attack the ―Gates of Hades‖. Petros: Part of a rock. For example. though my Father in heaven has. and the powers of hell will not conquer it. but .) 18I tell you that you are Peter. Peter may have said exactly what Matthew reported.‖ Sometimes. giving what may have been the word-for-word original statement of Peter. If we trace the figurative use of the word rock through Hebrew Scriptures. Jeremiah: Jer 11:19. all the reports can be put together as a whole.6. located at the foot of Mt. (Son of Jonah or Son of the Dove. opened up in the rock facing of the mountain from which flowed one of the sources of the Jordan River. and it is on this rock that I will build my congregation.) 14They said. Hermon. Don‘t see it as your job to convince a Muslim.” (Elijah was prophesied in Mal 4:5. regarded by the Greeks as the ―Gate of Hades‖. V18. The city was a symbol of the might and splendour of the Roman Empire. and the others may have reported the important parts of Peter‘s confession. whenever there are multiple reports. they all give the essence of what was said. Dionysus. rather.) 15He asked them. they reported them. The true Church is again pitted against demonical-energized forces in the world as the age draws to a close. Why does Peter‘s confession here differ from that recorded in Mark and Luke? Cf Mark 8:29. the Son of the living God!” (―Christ‖ is Greek for Messiah in Hebrew. Moses prophesied to return. Deut 18:18. he asked his disciples. Our part is to share the simple message of the gospel. Pun between Peter the stone and Petra the rock. and Venus. and still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets. the anointed one. Further. 1 Pet 2:4-7. Mormon. 1 Cor 10:4. For example. Who is the Rock? 1 Cor 3:11.
but on the third day he would be raised. They now knew that His cause could never fail. Daniel 7:20-22. the high priests. 12:7. ―No matter how brilliantly the forces of Hell conspire and plot.) 23But Jesus turned and told Peter. Satan! You are an offense to me. and I care not a straw whether they be clergymen or laymen.) 22Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. Jesus did not trifle with figures of speech. it is not upon Peter that the Church is built.‖ A good modern paraphrase of Christ‘s words here could be. Jesus did not imply that the apostle was demon-possessed or Satancontrolled. “Get behind me. the gates of Hades. He took up their old Hebrew illustration — rock. But just when Antichrist thinks everything is going his way. Rev 13:7. a reference to the realm of the dead. Christ will allow the Antichrist to finally overpower them.‖ Peter was not infallible. Lord! This must never happen to you!” (Peter was indignant at the thought of his Master's enduring such treatment. Jesus began to show his disciples that he would have to go to Jerusalem and suffer a great deal because of the elders. that they were on the winning side. Idea of Peter being the first pope is not Biblical. Then he would be killed. Whenever the Church acts in the name of the Lord and really does His will. So the Lord broke the news to prepared hearts.) 19I will give you the keys to the kingdom from heaven. 11:32-35. Paul in Gal 2:11-16 has to dress him down. John Wesley said: ―Give me one hundred preachers who fear nothing but sin and desire nothing but God. and whatever you permit on earth will have been permitted in heaven. saying. ―Upon God Himself —Christ. Meaning the gates of Hell do not have power to stand against the powerful offensive march of Christ‘s triumphant Church.) 20Then he strictly ordered the disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah. Luke 9:21-27) 21From that time on. the Son of the living God—I will build my church. they were ready to hear His first direct prediction of His death and resurrection. (Now that the disciples had realized that Jesus is the Messiah. and powerfully attack to bring about its downfall. “God be merciful to you. given to all disciples in Mat 18:18. the stamp of God is upon their deeds.‖ But when the work of the Church is finished. they will never succeed in overpowering it in its powerful forward march.) Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection (Mark 8:31-9:1. because you are not thinking God‟s thoughts but human thoughts!” (In calling Peter Satan. So here at Caesarea Philippi. always the symbol of Deity—and said. (Why to keep a secret? His time had not yet come. ―Powers of hell‖: Lit. such alone will shake the gates of hell and set up the kingdom of God upon earth. triumph was assured. 25.” (Were these given only to Peter? No. 8:24. and the scribes. Mat 24:9. that no matter what happened. He simply meant that Peter's actions and words were what could be expected . and set up His eternal Kingdom. the Son of the living God. Whatever you prohibit on earth will have been prohibited in heaven.Matthew always of God. Christ will return and powerfully defeat the forces of Hell.
in order to get free and escape to Heaven? But then it will be too late! In Hell there will be no possible way out. and follow me continuously. Today is your day to decide for God and be saved! Then in Heaven you will live for all eternity as one of God‘s glorified children. remember.) 24Then Jesus told his disciples. loneliness. That‘s what Peter found when he tried to deter Jesus from doing God‘s will. See Isaiah 50:7. self. pick up his cross. Give yourself to Him now! You cannot be sure you‘ll be here tomorrow. and instead. lost and suddenly find yourself suffering extreme pain and anguish in Hell. Heb 5:9. No plea of church membership or of service rendered can take the place of obedience to any of Christ‘s commands. those who recklessly abandon their lives to Him. and the world. and perhaps martyrdom for His sake. some people standing here . to save oneself from discomfort. Act now. God will help you all the way. you will not be on your own. “If anyone wants to follow me. pain. before it‘s forever too late. and where you least expect it. suffering. 2 Pet 1:10. (―Wants to follow me‖: That is. and turn to God and accept His rightful lordship of your life. honor and eternal happiness in Heaven. And He will judge us according to how we have obeyed His warnings and commands in verses 24-26. If you are going to do something in the area of evangelism. would find the reason for their existence. He will reward those who have taken these words to heart and obeyed them. and take a firm stand for God. But those who have ignored His warnings and commands will be sent to Hell as their reward. even if you‘d be willing to serve God as a slave for all eternity. would never find fulfillment. to die to sin. and His forgiveness. pleasures. The only way to have a successful life is to project oneself forward to that glorious time. serve.) 26because what profit will a person have if he gains the whole world and forfeits his life? Or what can a person give in exchange for his life? (And you‘re willing to settle for so little of it. for so brief a time – that could end tonight. ―pick up his cross‖: means the willingness to endure shame. And when you do. (Jesus warned that those who hug their lives for selfish purposes. but whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. The enemy will try to discourage you. be sure you set your face like a ―flint‖ to do so. enjoying riches. (Jesus is saying here that He is the Judge who will come. not counting the cost. ―deny himself‖: is not the same as selfdenial. and utterly die to all your sinning by refusing any longer to satisfy the appetites of your body and mind in a wrong way. He will give them glory.Matthew of Satan. A flint is a very hard stone that produces sparks when struck. or loss. whose name means adversary.) 27The Son of Man is going to come with his angels in his Father‟s glory. Look at it this way: If you die tonight. to be a Christian. he must deny himself.) 25Whoever wants to save his life will lose it. obey. how much will you then be desperately willing to give of yourself to God. decide what will really be important then. See Phil 2:13.) 28I tell all of you with certainty. and then he will repay everyone according to what he has done. sincerely worship. when all is yours for all eternity if you will turn from your rebellion and sin. and total fulfilment of such magnitude that it cannot even be imagined by the present human mind. But you do have the present moment. and then go after that with all one's strength. See 1 Cor 2:9 and Psalm 16:11. it means to yield to His control so completely that self has no rights whatever.
” (This verse really belongs in Chapter 17. Elijah called down fire from heaven. Cf Ps 19:5. talking with Jesus. James and John who were standing there are going to have a unique experience. His clothes became white as light. specifically His departure from Jerusalem. whom I love. Seen on Mount Sinai. What does it all mean? See 2 Pet 1:16-20. I‟ll set up three shelters —one for you. James 5:17. the Prophet Elijah was an uniquely empowered prophet. Moses and Elijah appeared to them. but we don‘t know for sure. ―In his kingdom‖: The answer is before us. Elijah did not die. Keep on listening to him!” (We likewise must keep on listening to Him. The Law came by Moses. Very reminiscent of the Baptism. Jesus is not one among equals but Lord over all.6. and his clothes became as white as light.) 2His appearance was changed in front of them. he was translated). It is the presence of the glory of God that inhabits the Holy of Holies of the Temple. it glowed. and his brother John and led them up a high mountain by themselves. See Acts 1:9. (His appearance was changed. James and John: The inner circle. They are discussing the redemption. Luke 9:28-36) 1Six days later. What we are seeing is not only the glory of Jesus Christ. A voice from the cloud said. but probably not because it was inhabited at that time. Some teach that this means that the Kingdom of God would come during the disciples‘ lifetime. I am pleased with him. Peter here alerts you to the . one for Moses. He was right in putting Jesus first. they are by no means equal.) Matthew 17 Jesus’ Appearance is Changed (Mark 9:2-13. ultimately takes Him up in the ascension.” (Peter was deeply moved by the occasion. Most scholars suspect it might be Mount Hermon. but also a staff meeting. he had a real sense of history. Mt 17! Peter. Other prophets were powerful in their writings but. and one for Elijah. Another distinction between them that is provocative—Moses died! In Moses we can typify the dead in Christ that are saved. but wrong in not giving Him the pre-eminence. “This is my Son. Two suggestions: These two men characterize two different things: The Law and The Prophets. Here it sets Peter straight. (Why Moses and Elijah? Luke 9:27. ―Voice‖ is an authentication. 4Then Peter told Jesus. The cloud that followed them by day and the pillar of fire at night in the wilderness wanderings. Cf Luke 4:25. This cloud that overshadows Him here. Jesus took Peter. it‟s good that we‟re here! If you want.) 5He was still speaking when a bright cloud suddenly overshadowed them.) 3Suddenly. ―High mountain‖: Tradition says it was Tabor. (Peter. shut the rain off for 3 ½ years! Mentioned by our Lord and his brother James. his face shone like the sun. Luke mentions that this happens while He is praying. Matthew notes that He was bright as the Sun. ―bright cloud‖: The Shekinah Glory.Matthew will not experience death before they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom. “Lord. It didn‘t. as while there are three personages here on the hill. James.
“Elijah is indeed coming and will restore all things. (His ministry will be to restore people to faith in God and to obedience to Him. then. have mercy on my son. 2.) 6When the disciples heard this. and it was useless to tell the Jews of this vision of Messianic glory. because he is an epileptic and suffers terribly. they fell on their faces and were terrified.6. Luke 9:37-42) 14As they approached the crowd. Jas 5:17. Two ministries unfinished: 1.Matthew fact that there is something about Matt 17 that has not only to do with the glory of Jesus Christ. 4. “Get up. Luke 1:17. the message would be proclaimed worldwide. Often he falls into fire and often into water. and Elijah is to come before You? Malachi 4:5 -6. Messiah: Mal 3:1-3.Elijah: 1 Kgs 18:37. Fire from heaven . “Don‟t tell anyone about this vision until the Son of Man has been raised from the dead.) 15and said. Israel had rejected her Messiah.) 12But I tell you that Elijah has already come. Jesus ordered them. but also His Second Coming. the Son of Man is going to suffer at their hands. 9On their way down the mountain. “Why. but did not want Him as a Savior from sin. 5. (His misery was compounded by burns and near-drownings. 19:13-16. 3. Moses: Deut 18:15-19. Who are these two witnesses? Three different people were prophesied to come: 1. they saw no one but Jesus all by himself. Water to blood .) 13Then the disciples understood that he had been speaking to them about John the Baptist. Given 4 powers: 1. would have welcomed Him to save them from Rome. overanxious for anyone who might liberate them from the Roman yoke. In the same way. the cruelest . 2. do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?” (… if You are the Messiah. 7But Jesus came up to them and touched them. 1 Kgs 17:1. Elijah: 1 Kgs 17:1. Jer 5:14. He was a classic example of the suffering caused by Satan. Deut 3:16-28.) 10So the disciples asked him.Elijah.” (John the Baptist came in the spirit of Elijah. After moments of spiritual exhilaration come hours and days of toil and expenditure. They rejected the forerunner. 2 Kgs 1:10. saying. For all practical purposes.6 . (Life is not all a mountain-top experience. “Sir. a man came up to Jesus.last words in OT. Lk 4:25. 3.12. 2. knelt down in front of him. and to a proper understanding about the Messiah.Moses: Ex 7:19. Plagues Moses: Ex 8-12. 2 Kgs 2:11. (John's death was an advance token of what they would do to the Son of Man. and stop being afraid.” (The Jews. Power to shut the heaven that it rain not . After the resurrection. The time comes when we must leave the mountain to minister in the valley of human need. yet people did not recognize him and treated him just as they pleased.) 11He answered them.” 8When they raised their eyes. Elijah: Mal 4:5. Moses: Num 20:12. they would also reject the King.) Jesus Heals a Boy with a Demon (Mark 9:14-29. But the Scripture is clear that Elijah will return in person shortly before God judges the earth and therefore he may be one of the two witnesses of Revelation 11:1-14.
‖) 21But this kind does not come out except by prayer and fasting. three times he prayed for healing. “Because of your lack of faith. Luke 9:43-45) 22While they were gathering together in Galilee. Nothing is impossible to those who believe. for example Jarius‘ daughter. were a cross section of the Jewish people of that day—faithless and perverse. 19Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and asked. They did not have the faith to heal the epileptic. “Why couldn‟t we drive it out?” 20He told them. That doesn‘t mean that your lack of faith might be an impediment to His healing you. 23They will kill him. Paul the apostle was not healed of his affliction.) 17Jesus replied. The Lord healed people who were dead. it should be understood that true faith must be based upon some command or promise of God. The capacity of them to serve God was constrained by their unbelief.) 16I brought him to your disciples. Jesus told them.” (The father had gone to the disciples for help. you can say to this mountain. but they couldn‟t heal him. but His not healing you is not a proof that you lack the faith. the Christian can have utmost confidence that mountainous difficulties will be miraculously removed. and nothing will be impossible for you. It is a necessary but not sufficient solution. and show you great and mighty things. self-denial. ‗Call to me. Of course. Pray and fasting. (If He had not . which you do not know‘ Jeremiah 33:3. They could not make their witness effective here due to unbelief. Expecting to perform some spectacular stunt in order to gratify a personal whim is not faith but presumption. only to learn that ―vain is the help of man.) 18Then Jesus rebuked the demon and it came out of him. But if God guides a believer in a certain direction or issues a command. “You unbelieving and perverted generation! How long must I be with you? How long must I put up with you? Bring him here to me!” (Addressed to the disciples.” Then they were filled with grief. continuous action. Your faith is not an inhibitor to the Lord causing someone to be healed. let us answer God‘s standing challenge. Don‘t jump to the conclusion that a Christian is ill due to their lack of faith! That would be a misapplication. and the boy was healed that very hour. I tell all of you with certainty. Lazarus. not someone‘s faith. but he will be raised on the third day.‟ and it will move. The Lord may have some other purpose in mind.” (The lesson here is very straightforward.‖ They had been powerless to cure. Was his faith lacking? The Lord may choose not to heal someone. but in that respect. if you have faith like a grain of mustard seed. „Move from here to there. The Lord makes it clear that they should have been able to heal the child. If we want to see mighty works of Divine power and grace wrought in the place of weakness.Matthew of all taskmasters. Hudson Taylor said: ―The prayer power has never been tried to its full capacity. failure and disappointment. It is the power of Jesus Christ that heals.) Jesus Again Predicts His Death and Resurrection (Mark 9:30-32. (―have faith‖: Present tense. and I will answer you. “The Son of Man is going to be betrayed into human hands.
The firstborn of every household had to be redeemed.” When Peter went home. For Jesus. “Yes.) Matthew 18 True Greatness . Simon? From whom do kings on the earth collect tolls or tributes? From their own subjects. that have the characteristic that they pick up bright things off the bottom and carry them in the mouth. They heard His passion prediction but seemed to have missed His resurrection promise. Under our form of government. clearly demonstrates Christ's omniscience. It was a matter of moral indifference to Him. they would doubt less have been completely disillusioned when it happened. the Son of God. Other scholars believe this money was to be raised from the strangers not the locals. And he knew it would be the first fish Peter would catch. so that we don‟t offend them. The point was that the temple was God's house. to pay tribute for the support of this temple would be equivalent to paying tribute to Himself. everyone is taxed. If any divine principle had been involved. go to the sea and throw in a hook. the subjects are exempt. and He was willing to pay rather than offend. and you will find a coin. Jesus would not have made the payment. This astounding miracle. He knew which one of all the fish in the Sea of Galilee had a coin in its mouth. Ex 30 talks of ransom money for the soul. When Peter came home. The question must be understood in the light of those days.” he replied. the collectors of the temple tax came up to Peter and asked. A death of shame and suffering was not consistent with their expectations of the Messiah.) Questions about the Temple Tax 24When they came to Capernaum.” (There is a species of fish. Peter without checking says of course he does. indigenous to the Sea of Galilee. or from foreigners?” (Here we see the omniscience of the Lord. “What do you think. they were greatly distressed that He was going to leave them and that He would be slain. He knew the location of that one fish. Jesus spoke to him first and asked him. but he didn't tax his own family. Take it and give it to them for me and you.‖ Jesus used the fish as a method to demonstrate to Peter that He was the Lord of Creation. He clearly was not subject to this tax. Take the first fish that comes up. “Your teacher pays the temple tax. Peter‘s Fish. Jesus spoke to him first—before Peter had a chance to tell what had happened. open its mouth. All that registered in their minds at the time was that He would be killed.Matthew told them of His death in advance. Locally. doesn‟t he?” (Peter is alone. including the ruler and his household. they now call this fish ―St. “In that case. Questionable whether these are linked. As it was.) 25He answered. A ruler taxed his subjects for the support of his kingdom and his family. Some scholars believe that this is a tribute for the Temple.) 27However. So Jesus told him. narrated with utmost restraint.) 26“From foreigners. (Jesus is saying that they are not subject to this tax.
and degrading. or any attempt to be thought of as more important than we really are. There can be no question that the resurrection body will be complete and perfect. unquestioning. It is better for you to enter life with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into hell fire. then. But haughty pride. we must think Christ's thoughts after Him. Luke 17:1-2) 6“If anyone causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin. “Who. or as you want to believe it? Consider the consequences!) 7How terrible it will be for the world due to its temptations to sin! Temptations to sin are bound to happen. Luke 9:46-48) 1At that time the disciples came to Jesus and asked.‖ . yielding like a little child. and the devil are leagued to seduce and pervert. cut it off and throw it away. the flesh. There are those who say ―My God would never create hell. It is better for you to enter life injured or crippled than to have two hands or two feet and be thrown into eternal fire. (Obviously the standards and values in the kingdom are exactly opposite those in the world. whoever humbles himself as this little child is the greatest in the kingdom from heaven.) 4Therefore. but how terrible it will be for that person who causes someone to sin! (The world. 9And if your eye causes you to sin.) 3Then he said. acceptance. wicked. (Notice the patience that Jesus has. or a haughty attitude.Matthew (Mark 9:33-37. tear it out and throw it away. he had him stand among them. you will never get into the kingdom from heaven. Are you preaching and teaching the truth as God‘s message reveals the truth. See Phil 2:5-8).) 2Calling a little child forward. This is a frightful warning for anyone who would tempt someone to sin. Our whole mode of thinking must be reversed. it would be better for him if a large millstone were hung around his neck and he were drowned at the bottom of the sea.) Causing Others to Sin (Mark 9:42-48. (―like little children‖: simplicity.” (What is done for the disciple is reckoned as done for the Master. innocence. (Our Lord does not imply that some bodies will lack limbs in heaven. but merely describes the physical condition at the time a believer leaves this life for the next. and easily led. But if a person becomes an agent for the forces of evil.) 8“So if your hand or your foot causes you to sin. as mere beginners. It cannot be degrading to think of ourselves as we really are. pride. “I tell all of you with certainty. 5and whoever receives a little child like this in my name receives me. We must regard ourselves as God regards us. his guilt will be great. is the greatest in the kingdom from heaven?” (It doesn‘t take a lot of insight to figure that the disciples seem to be on some kind of ego trip. is foolish. unless you change and become like little children. (… before he had a chance to commit such a dastardly act.… without selfish ambition. The little ones here applies especially to Christians who are children in the faith.
If he listens to you. doesn‟t he? 13If he finds it.‖ and it‘s the oldest sin in the Book. a god they have created to suit themselves. it is not the will of your Father in heaven that one of these little ones should be lost. However.) 14In the same way. thank the Lord!) 11For the Son of Man came to save the lost. reconciliation is achieved.Matthew Those who say that are right: their ―god‖ would never create hell. (… telling Him how those under their guardianship are being treated. only the saved have guardian angels? Don‘t pray to them. go and confront him while the two of you are alone. Spiritually – Be most careful that you don‘t despise anyone who has become humble and childlike in their life and attitude towards God. Rom 7:9 … scholars generally believe that Paul is referring to his childhood before the age of accountability. If the offender acknowledges his guilt. (Explicit instructions are given concerning the Christian's responsibility when wronged by another believer. Biblical support for the concept of guardian angels. 2 Sam 12:23. as Word-Faith teachers argue? They argue . shouldn‘t it be a major priority for you? The real question is. you have won back your brother. He doesn‘t exist.) Dealing with a Brother who Sins (Luke 17:3) 15“If your brother sins against you. he leaves the 99 in the hills and goes to look for the one that has strayed. Lev 19:17. nothing in theology is free of controversy. Gal 6:1. Then the matter spreads like wildfire and strife is multiplied. We gossip to everyone else about it. nor thank them.) 10“See to it that you do not despise one of these little ones. at least for the kids. Step number one: the matter should be handled privately between the two parties. Does this passage prohibit public criticism of a pastor‘s or teacher‘s doctrine. Idolaters will not inherit the kingdom of God. The trouble is that we don't do this. Heb 1:14. The Shepherd's joy over finding a straying sheep should teach us to value and respect His little ones. It‘s called ―idolatry. because he couldn‘t. their angels in heaven always have access to my Father in heaven. because I tell you. The one true God. They will reap His just wrath.” (If it is of the utmost importance for Jesus to reach the lost. I tell all of you with certainty that he rejoices over it more than over the 99 that haven‟t strayed. what are you doing of significance today that will matter 300 million plus years from now?) The Parable about the Faithful Shepherd (Luke 15:1-7) 12“What do you think? If a man has 100 sheep and one of them strays.” (Are small children saved if they die before the age of accountability? One can build a strong Biblical case supporting this idea. (The point is that the one which was lost was received with joy upon its return. could and did create hell for those who reject His mercy. however. He is a figment of their imagination.
etc. not with biblical doctrine. When used in connection with collective prayer in general. This emphasizes the mounting seriousness of his continued unbrokenness. Though Word-Faith teachers often cite Matthew 18 in an effort to maintain church unity in an atmosphere of love. the pastor should not be criticized publicly but rather should be contacted privately about the matter. Cf Gal 2:11-14. regard him as an unbeliever and a tax collector. it is important to understand that true church unity is rooted not only in love but in truth. Our judgments must always agree with what God‘s message to us already reveals as truth. 2. (The word ―agree‖ is ―symphonize. It is important to notice that the local assembly is the body responsible to hear the case.) 18“I tell all of you with certainty. If a Christian does something unethical or he sins. it must be taken in light of all other teaching on prayer. In this respect. however. and the pastor is teaching it publicly from the pulpit or on television. believers should treat him courteously but should also show by their attitude that they do not condone his sin and cannot have fellowship with him as a fellow believer. binds disciplinary action upon a person. Heb 10:22. 3. 3 John 9. prayerfully and in obedience to the Word. Cf 1 Cor 6:1-8. If he also ignores the congregation. When an assembly. In sincerity. James 1:6-8.‟ (If the guilty brother does not listen.) 17If.) 20because where two or three have come together in my name. The purpose of this is to bring him to his senses and cause him to confess his sin. he should first be contacted privately about the matter. False doctrine that is publicly proclaimed from a platform—such as from a pulpit. The Christian is forbidden to go to law against another believer. a television show. 1 John 5:14-15. whatever you prohibit on earth will have been prohibited in heaven. worldly courts often act more righteously than Christian churches or assemblies. ―tax collector‖: These were Jews who collected taxes from Jews for Rome.” (Ancient rabbinical . The assembly should be prompt to receive him back as soon as there is evidence of godly repentance. Cf.) 16But if he doesn‟t listen. (Put out of the fellowship. I am there among them. See Mat 16:19. or a radio show—is to be confronted publicly according to the New Testament pattern. their conqueror. In faith. Deut 19:15. in the context it refers to prayer concerning church discipline. 1 Tim 1:20. 2 Tim 4:14. he ignores them. it will be done for you by my Father in heaven. In conformity to the revealed will of God. then the wronged one should take one or two others with him.‖ While verse 19 may be used as a general promise of answers to prayer. (Verse 18 is linked with what precedes. Until that point is reached. I tell all of you with certainty that if two of you agree on earth about anything you request. take one or two others with you so that „every word may be confirmed by the testimony of two or three witnesses. No one can measure the trouble that has plagued the church through failure to obey the simple rule that a charge against another person must be supported by the testimony of two or three others. This passage deals with personal ethics and morals. tell it to the congregation. not a civil court. For instance.) 19Furthermore.Matthew that even if the doctrine is clearly false. Without a commitment to the truth. seeking his restoration. that action is honored in heaven. there can be no true church unity. and whatever you permit on earth will have been permitted in heaven. our prayers must be: 1.
One of the prerequisites for forgiveness is repentance on the part of the person who is to be forgiven. He forgave them for 70 X 7 times and then called what was due.‖ 2 Chr 36:21. Cf Gen. „Be patient with me. Potiphar's wife and the chief cupbearer. The underlying idea is that we should forgive as God has forgiven us. an important point to stress.000 talents = $12 million). and everything that he owned to be sold so that payment could be made. 10. 37-50. how many times may my brother sin against me and I have to forgive him? Seven times?” (He probably thought he was showing unusual grace by suggesting seven as an outside limit. “Lord. Moses by his brother and sister.) The Parable about an Unforgiving Servant 21Then Peter came up and asked him. in acknowledgment of all that He is. if you continue to live much longer. if you are alive in this world for five minutes. 25Because he couldn‟t pay. 23“That is why the kingdom from heaven may be compared to a king who wanted to settle accounts with his servants. a person who owed him 10. Cf 1 Sam. if that were so. saying. “I tell you. Without exception. 12:1-13. This is very basic. No group can claim to be the only ones who meet in His name. but 70 times 7! (Luke 17:3-4. Col 3:13. if you stay around people. everyone alive today has been sinned against multiple times. Forgiveness is always based on the repentance of the offender. the Lord said you owe me 70 and sent them into captivity in Babylon. his master ordered him. Jesus never suggested that some of His disciples would not be sinned against in this world. not just seven times. but nonetheless. Furthermore. To meet ―in His name‖ means by His authority.) 22Jesus told him. (10. Forgiveness. The Sabbath for the land was six years to cultivate.000 talents was brought to him. he made this point well. on four occasions of Israel‘s history she is forgiven 490 times and then comes ―the axe. the seventh to rest. and I will repay you everything!‟ . Cf Num.000 talents is the price paid in silver by Haman to King Ahasuerus as a bribe to annihilate the Jews. For 490 years Israel failed to keep the Sabbath year of the land. and in obedience to His Word.Matthew teaching noted that where two or three are sitting in judgment. Esther 3:9. even if they are saved.). a talent was worth a lifetime of wages for an average laborer. the Shekinah is in the midst of them. Cf. you have already been stabbed in the back by someone! Though this is an exaggeration. 24When he had begun to settle the accounts. Many godly people were unjustly sinned against: Joseph by his own brothers. His presence would be limited to a small segment of His body on earth. You are not the only one who has been "stabbed in the back" by others who should never have treated you badly! A preacher once made this point well by saying. his children. 26Then the servant fell down and bowed low before him. David by King Saul who personally tried to kill him more than once. ―70 times 7‖: Jesus‘ way of saying a lot more than seven? Yet. There is no avoiding being mistreated by others. his wife. Cf Eph 4:32. Since they failed to keep the Sabbath of the land for 490 years. you'll soon be sinned against again! This age is rampant with this kind of thing. 18:11. 19:10.
just as I had mercy on you?‟ 34In anger his master handed him over to the jailers until he could repay the entire debt.) 31“When his fellow servants saw what had happened." was labeled an "evil servant"! This same description is used in Matthew 25:26 and there we learn that such people will be thrown into the darkness where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth! See Matthew 25:30). he left Galilee and went to the territory of Judea on the other side of the Jordan.Matthew (Like many debtors.000! The detail about the vast amount is intentional. 35This is how my heavenly Father will treat each one of you unless you forgive your brother from your hearts.000 to 1 ratio between these two values! In other words. since his chance of earning money was gone as long as he was imprisoned. What will God‘s judgment be in this regard concerning you? Make that call. they were very disturbed and went and reported to their master everything that had occurred. and said. He is expecting you to forgive those with trespasses against you. We cannot hope to pay). he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii. 27The master of that servant had compassion and released him. „You evil servant! I canceled that entire debt for you because you begged me. „Pay what you owe!‟ (The denarius was the usual day‘s wage for a laborer. Luke 17:3-4.000 times more severely over the years by sinning against Him. now. Mark 11:2526. (It was an epic display of grace. 33Shouldn‟t you have had mercy on your fellow servant. seized him by the throat. Just forgiven $12 million dollars! At the point of our salvation. or write.) 28“But when that servant went away. but refused to forgive the man who owed him a mere "hundred denarii. it is likened unto only "a hundred denarii. we offended God 700. and also to emphasize an immense debt to God. „Be patient with me and I will repay you!‟ 30But he refused and had him thrown into prison until he could repay the debt. our mountainous sin debt that was forgiven is likened to "ten thousand talents. Martin Luther used to say that we are all beggars before Him. 2Large crowds followed . (The man who received personal forgiveness. than people do when they sin against us!) 29Then his fellow servant fell down and began begging him. The basic issue is if you have been forgiven much.” (See Mat 6:14." When someone sins against us. canceling his debt. not justice. 32Then his master sent for him and told him. (A difficult business at best. he was incredibly optimistic about what he could do if only he had time. 100 denari = $17. Galilee's total revenue only amounted to 300 talents and this man owed 10.) Matthew 19 Teaching about Divorce (Mark 10:1-12) 1When Jesus had finished saying these things." That is about a 700. It is to shock the listeners and so capture their attention. Is there a debt of some kind that you also need to forgive? Consider all that God has forgiven you. He grabbed him.
.only adultery. “Haven‟t you read that the one who made them at the beginning „made them male and female‟ (No evolution here. 3Some Pharisees came to him in order to test him.” (Jesus said that marriage is a union of persons. Just like Adam and Eve who had no parents. The marriage relationship should supersede the parental relationship.) 6So they are no longer two. A minister was talking to a children's Sunday School class about kindness to animals. like bad cooking! Shammai . Man and wife. Jesus confirmed that the creation of Adam and Eve was a real historical event when He quoted Genesis 1:27 and 2:24 in His teaching. God‘s intended plan was two by two. all design. I would point out to him. No polygamy. man must never separate. This goes hand in hand with the increasing acceptance of evolutionary teaching and its consequence of the undermining of the authority of the Bible. He would infuriate some segment of the Jews. "that you saw a bad person cutting off the tail of a cat. The male needs the female to reproduce.Matthew him. a perverse and unnatural deviancy. but one flesh.any reason." one of the students said. what God has joined together. „That is why a man will leave his father and mother and be united with his wife. There is no doubt that the acceptance of homosexual behavior is on the rise in Western culture. humans. They asked. the more people reject the Book of Genesis and the rest of the Bible as God‘s authoritative Word. "What God has joined together. birds. That is the only basis for marriage and that is also why we know that homosexual behavior is evil. how did the male of each species reproduce without females? How is it possible that a male and a female each spontaneously came into being. hoping to trap Him by His words. fish. they began to close in. 5:2) 5and said. Gen 1:27." he said.. complementary reproductive systems? If each sex was able to reproduce without the other. Why? Because God made Adam and Eve. and the two will become one flesh‟? (Quoted from Gen 2:24. “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?” (There were two schools of thought: Hillel . purpose.) 4He answered them. dogs. bigamy. No matter how He answered. Almost all forms of complex life have both male and female—horses. However. Which then came first according to the evolutionary theory? If a male came into being before a female. yet they have complex. Genesis is quoted more than sixty times in seventeen books of the New Testament. then the more we would expect to see people rejecting God‘s foundation for marriage. and he healed them there. God's ideal is that this divinely ordained union should not be broken by human act or decree. Like a pack of wild dogs. elephants. man must . Therefore. The concept of cleaving also involves the concept of leaving mother and father. We know it is to be a heterosexual relationship ONLY. etc. singular. "Now let's suppose. The married couple are to cleave unto each other just as if they had no parents. This was a dispute among the sects of the Pharisees. He spoke about the Biblical references to substantiate his case. and the female needs the male to reproduce. Quoted 2x by Jesus and 2x by Paul. One cannot carry on life without the other. monkeys. What Biblical quotation would you use to tell him of the terrible wrong he was doing?" "Sir. moths. why and how would they have developed a reproductive system that requires both sexes in order for the species to survive? Cf. not Adam and Steve! God made one man and one woman.
never separate.‖) 7They asked him, “Why, then, did Moses order us „to give a certificate of divorce and divorce her‟?” (Misquote. Moses did not command, Moses allowed. Cf. Deut 24:1, 3. What about Moses? They wanted to find some loophole. Just like some people are doing today. You tell me, who are the Pharisees? Jesus authenticates that Deuteronomy is written by Moses!) 8He told them, “It was because of your hardness of heart that Moses allowed you to divorce your wives. But from the beginning it was not this way. (Moses allowed it. But Jesus makes it clear that from the beginning divorce was not God‘s idea. If our hearts have been truly transformed by the Spirit of God, then hardness of heart is no longer an issue. God says bluntly, "I HATE DIVORCE‖. Cf Malachi 2:16. Who amongst us, except the hard hearted, would choose to do or condone what God hates? It seems that this is just one more area in which the church has become ashamed of the words of Jesus, no longer confessing him before men.‖) 9I tell you that whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another woman commits adultery.” (―Sexual immorality‖: literally fornication. Matthew was written with a Jewish audience in mind where only the man had the right to divorce and remarry during the betrothal period. Adultery has never been grounds for divorce. In the Old Testament the command was to stone the adulterers. Cf Leviticus 20:10, Deuteronomy 22:23. Matthew 19:9 is not an exception but a clarification that would allow remarriage because of fornication/sexual immorality during the betrothal period under the law of Moses. Matthew's audience was Jewish; if I went to another country, I would want to speak in such a way that they would understand so it makes sense to them based on their culture and practices. Mark records the same scene with the Pharisees in chapter 10 but Mark‘s audience was Romans who did not practice a betrothal period, so it would be irrelevant to hear him say anything about the betrothal period to that audience of people. See Matt 5:32, Matt. 19:9, John 8:41, Matt. 1:18-19. All of these passages discuss the Betrothal or Espousal period. The Jews, to whom Matthew was writing, understood the Betrothal period. So, we believe that Jesus gave no exception but clarification for adultery. Also, many scholars believe the books of Mark and 1 Corinthians were written before Matthew. If that is the case, the first generation of Christians never knew of a so – called exception clause for fornication that some people claim that is found in Matthew 19:9. Mark and Matthew both say that once God has joined a marriage, men may not separate it. See verse 6. This means that the exception cannot not refer to any ground that might arise AFTER God has bound the two into one. Since ADULTERY is a sin which takes place AFTER God has joined a marriage, it cannot be included in the exception. If that is so, then the sexual sin encompassed by the exception, must refer to something which arises BEFORE a "marriage" is joined by God. We are not left without a "case history" which will help us to understand the exception. It is significant that the only Gospel to record the exception is also the only one to include the story of Joseph and Mary. This is the only New Testament example of what Jesus might have meant by "fornication" or "sexual immorality" as a ground for divorce.) 10His disciples asked him, “If that is the relationship of a man with his wife, it‟s not worth getting married!” (The
disciples asked again. They had just heard something that blew them away. If divorce stayed the same as Moses‘ time and Jesus thought the marriage covenant ended at divorce why did the disciples say, ―If that is the relationship of a man with his wife, it‘s not worth getting married!‖ They were as surprised as people are today.) 11“Not everyone can accept this saying,” he replied, “except those to whom celibacy has been granted, (Jesus‘ mind went to eunuchs. Why eunuchs? Celibacy might have to happen for the Kingdom of God.) 12because some men are celibate from birth, while some are celibate because they have been made that way by others. Still others are celibate because they have made themselves that way for the sake of the kingdom from heaven. Let anyone accept this who can.” (This is not an invitation to celibacy. It is simply an indication that some people have the gift of desire to be celibate. These men could be married, and they have no physical impairment. Yet in dedication to the King and His kingdom, they willingly forego marriage in order to give themselves to the cause of Christ without distraction. Cf 1 Cor 7:32. Their celibacy is not physical but a matter of voluntary abstinence. Not all men can live such a life; only those divinely empowered. Cf 1 Cor 7:7.) Jesus Blesses the Little Children (Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17)
some little children were brought to him so that he might lay his hands on them and pray. But the disciples rebuked those who brought them. (It is interesting that children are introduced shortly after the discourse on divorce; often they are the ones who suffer most severely from broken homes.) 14Jesus, however, said, “Let the little children come to me, and stop keeping them away, because the kingdom from heaven belongs to people like these.” (Several important lessons emerge from those words. First, they should impress the servant of the Lord with the importance of reaching children, whose minds are most receptive, with the Word of God. Part of our outreach is to the children. Second, children who wish to confess their faith in the Lord Jesus should be encouraged, not held back. No one knows the age of the youngest person in hell. If a child truly wishes to be saved, he should not be told that he is too young. At the same time, children should not be pressured into making a false profession. Children do not have to become adults to be saved, but adults have to become like children. Thirdly, these words of our Lord answer the question, ―What happens to children who die before they reach the age of accountability?‖ Th is verse should be adequate assurance to parents who have suffered the loss of little ones. Sometimes this passage is used to support the baptism of young children in order to make them members of Christ and inheritors of the kingdom. Closer reading will show that the parents brought the children to Jesus, not to be baptised, but so that He might pray for them. There is not a drop of water in the passage). 15When he had laid his hands on them, he went on from there.
A Rich Man Comes to Jesus (Mark 10:17-22; Luke 18:18-23)
then a man came up to Jesus. “Teacher,” he asked, “what good deed should I do to have eternal life?” (The question revealed his ignorance of the true identity of Jesus and of the way of salvation. He called Jesus ―Teacher,‖ putting Him on the same level as other great men. And he spoke of gaining eternal life as a debt rather than as a gift. Note the basis is on works.) 17Jesus asked him, “Why ask me about what is good? There is only one who is good. If you want to get into that life, you must keep the commandments.” (Here is the Master Evangelist showing us how to deal with a proud, self-righteous person—a typical sinner. This is noticeably different from the approach of modern evangelism. When the man asked how he could obtain eternal life, Jesus did not ask, ―Would you like to have the assurance that if you died tonight you would go straight to heaven? You can have that confidence right now simply by acknowledging that you have sinned against God, and by trusting in the finished work of Calvary‘s cross. Would you like me to lead you in prayer right now so that you can have that assurance?‖ Instead, Jesus pointed him to the Law so that he could recognize his sin. Biblical evangelism is always ―Law to the proud, grace to the humble.‖ John Newton said, ―My grand point in preaching is to break the hard heart and to heal the broken one.‖) 18The young man asked him, “Which ones?” Jesus said, “„You must not murder, you must not commit adultery, you must not steal, you must not give false testimony, 19honor your father and mother,‟ and, „you must love your neighbor as yourself.‟” (―honor your father and mother‖: … by loving obedience during your childhood and youth, and by providing for them when they are sick, weary, old and feeble. One of the greatest provisions you can give them is your sincere love and friendship, at all times. Exodus 20:12-16; Deut 5:1620; Lev 19:18). 20The young man told him, “I have kept all of these. What do I still lack?” (Blind to his own selfishness, the man boasted that he had always kept these commandments.) 21Jesus told him, “If you want to be perfect, go and sell what you own and give the money to the destitute, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come back and follow me.” (Discipleship: costs all that one has! To live for others. Phil 3:7,8; Luke 14:26-27, 33.) 22But when the young man heard this statement he went away sad, because he had many possessions. (In light of the way most Christians share the gospel, Jesus failed because He didn‘t get a ―decision.‖ However, heaven doesn‘t rejoice over ―decisions.‖ It reserves its rejoicing for repentance, and there can be no repentance without a God-given knowledge of sin—and that, according to Scripture, can come only by the Law. Cf Romans 7:7). Salvation and Reward (Mark 10:23-31; Luke 18:24-30)
So what will we get?” (Peter's self-life was showing. Hoarded wealth condemns us as not loving our neighbors as ourselves. to justify the accumulation of earthly treasures! And it is difficult to see how a Christian can cling to riches in view of the appalling need everywhere and the Lord's clear prohibition against laying up treasures on earth. governing the twelve tribes of Israel. “I tell all of you with certainty. “For humans this is impossible. they questioned.” (A common interpretation is that Jerusalem had a main gate. a camel had to forsake its load. only God can save a soul. you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones. because of the response of both the disciples and Jesus. it is easier for a camel to squeeze through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to get into the kingdom of God. It is hard to have them without trusting in them. the disciples would have more than likely responded with something like. It is strange that they use a passage in which the Lord denounces wealth as a hindrance to man's eternal welfare. (Wealth was considered by the Jews to be a sign of blessing and approval by God. (Riches tend to become an idol. then. ―That makes sense.‖ What Jesus had said astonished them.‖ Before leaving this section we should notice that the expressions ‖kingdom from heaven‖ and ―kingdom of God‖ are used interchangeably in verses 23 and 24. He was bargaining with the Lord. who could? Is it possible to be saved if you are rich? Yes. But it is more difficult for a wealthy man to surrender his will to Christ than for a poor man. can be saved?” they asked. it will be hard for a rich person to get into the kingdom from heaven. beside which was a smaller gate called ―the eye of a needle.) 24Again I tell you. This is what a rich man must do to enter the celestial city. therefore.) 27“Look!” Peter replied.) 26Jesus looked at them intently and said. They find it almost impossible to replace trust in visible means of support for faith in an unseen Savior.” (Humanly speaking. couldn‘t make it to Heaven. Commentators and preachers invariably inject here that it is perfectly all right for Christians to be rich.) 25When the disciples heard this. If that‘s what Jesus was saying. It was a spirit each of us must guard against. “I tell all of you with certainty. Rather. Only God can effect such a change. “Who. though it is so wide that the greatest sinner may enter. but for God all things are possible. then get on its knees and crawl through the smaller gate to enter the city. Charles Spurgeon said ―The gate of heaven. approved by God. the old nature reasserting itself. (The Lord assured Peter that everything done . Interesting though it may sound. is nevertheless so low that pride can never pass through it.‖ It would seem therefore that the analogy was to a literal camel and a literal needle. they were completely astonished. “We have left everything and followed you. He used the word ―impossible.) 28Jesus told them. they were ―exceedingly amazed.‖ Instead. If these men. He must forsake his riches and humble himself to enter.‖ When the main gate was closed.Matthew 23Then Jesus told his disciples. when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne in the renewed creation. the two terms are synonymous. because of verse 26. He didn‘t then respond to their astonishment by saying that it was ―difficult‖ for a camel to get through the eye of the needle. it is unlikely that this is correct. it is impossible for anyone to be saved. as evidenced by the fact that few rich men are converted.
(In this life.Matthew for Him would be rewarded handsomely. He asked them. he saw others standing in the marketplace without work. father. As to the twelve specifically. Here the thought is that those who forsake all are rewarded with a greater capacity for enjoying eternal life in heaven. 2After agreeing to pay the workers one denarius a day. This does not mean that we earn eternal life by forsaking all and sacrificing. and I will pay you whatever is right. they receive a hundred Christian homes where they are warmly welcomed. 4He told them. illustrates the truth that while all true disciples will be rewarded.) 29In fact. sisters. „Why are you standing here all day long without work?‟ (They were not lazy. everyone who has left his homes. they receive spiritual riches beyond reckoning. beginning with the last and ending with the first.‟ 5So off they went.‟ 8“When evening came. While those keeping score may be in for some unpleasant surprises. 10“When the first came. the owner of the vineyard told his manager.) 7They told him. „You go into the vineyard as well. mother. they would have places of authority in the Millennium.” (Those who have faithfully focused on Jesus will be startled by the impact that their lives have had on others. He went out again about noon and about three o‟clock and did the same thing. they began to complain to the landowner.) 30But many who are first will be last. This statement may also have been a warning that it isn't enough to start out well on the path of discipleship. All believers will have that life but not all will enjoy it to the same extent. 11When they received it. It's how we finish that counts.‟ (In this way the earliest men hired saw what the others received. The future reward for all believers is eternal life.) Matthew 20 The Workers in the Vineyard 1“The kingdom from heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. 6About five o‟clock he went out and found some others standing around. Eternal life is a gift and cannot be earned or merited. too. children.‟ He told them. and the last will be first. but each received a denarius as well. „Because no one has hired us.) 9Those who were hired at five o‟clock came. For lands or other forms of wealth forsaken. „Call the workers and give them their wages. brothers. and each received a denarius. but you paid them the same as . „You go into the vineyard. they were willing to work and wanted work but hadn't been able to find it. or fields because of my name will receive a hundred times as much and will inherit eternal life. a continuation of the discourse on rewards at the end of chapter 19. they enjoy a world-wide fellowship of believers that more than compensates for severed earthly ties.) 3When he went out about nine o‟clock. they thought they would receive more. (This parable. For the one house they leave. he sent them into his vineyard. the order of rewards will be determined by the spirit in which the disciple served. 12„These last fellows worked only one hour. The denarius was the usual day‘s wage for a laborer.
There will be surprises in the matter of rewards. It doesn‘t matter if one worked all day or one hour. should have counted it an added recompense to serve such a wonderful master all day. You did agree with me for a denarius.) 13“But he told one of them. just. It is better to leave our rewards up to the Lord than to strike a bargain with Him. And what He pleases will always be right. Gave to everyone that which was bargained for. We must abandon our greedy. The point of the parable in Matthew 20 is not that all rewards will be the same.” (… to shine like the stars forever and ever. because many are called. and fair. Those who were hired at 6:00 a. were given the same pay. 2 Cor 5:10. Not all the servants had the opportunity to work for the master the same amount of time. so he paid them according to need rather than greed. „Friend. He can do as He pleases. Some who thought they would be first will be last because their service was inspired by pride and selfish ambition. the more we realize that it is not only fair but eminently beautiful. of course.) Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection a Third Time (Mark 10:32-34. enduring the scorching heat!‟ (Are rewards the same for all. I want to give this last man as much as I gave you. Luke 18:31-34) 17When Jesus was going up to Jerusalem. and we‟ve been working all day. The farmer added. not simply on accomplishment. men got exactly what they deserved. Cf 1 Cor 3:11–15. Daniel 12:3. and think like the Lord. The others cast themselves on the farmer's grace and got grace. Others who served out of love and gratitude will be highly honored. Jesus is simply saying that God will deal as He will. or do they differ in degree? There are different degrees of reward in heaven. one can NOT earn your salvation. didn‟t you? (Did not do anyone wrong. ―Or are you envious because I‘m generous?‖ This question exposes the selfish streak in human nature. is that God is sovereign.) 14Take what is yours and go. nevertheless. 18“See. yet were jealous because the others got the same pay for working fewer hours. Grace is better than justice. The farmer knew that all these men needed money.) 16“In the same way. Rev 22:12. but all. This only proves that in the kingdom of heaven we must adopt an entirely new kind of thinking. depending on our faithfulness to Christ on earth. but all received what they needed for themselves and their families.) 15I am allowed to do what I want with my own money. competitive spirit. The 6:00 a. and the first will be last. we are going up to .m. too. Many of us have to admit that it seems a bit unfair to us. but few are chosen.Matthew us. The more we study the parable in this light.m. It is to show that God rewards on the basis of opportunity. (The first bargained for a denarius a day and got the wage agreed on. am I not? Or are you envious because I‟m generous?‟ (The lesson. the last will be first. No one received less than he deserved. God looks at our disposition as well as our actions and judges accordingly. but that all rewards are by grace. he took the twelve disciples aside and told them as they were walking along. I‟m not treating you unfairly. They are not earning their salvation.
Nothing came as a surprise.” (It is a sad commentary on human nature that. In the counsels of God.) 26That‟s not the way it should be among you.” (Jesus lays out His crucifixion and resurrection.‖ Jesus explained that He could not arbitrarily grant places of honor in the kingdom. 19Then they will hand him over to unbelievers to be mocked. whoever wants to be great among you must be your servant.) 22Jesus replied. whipped. though perhaps their confidence was based more on zeal than knowledge.e. Can you drink from the cup that I‟m going to drink from?” They told him. that because they were so close to Christ. ―James died a martyr's death. immediately after the third prediction of His passion. James and John expressed ability to share in His sufferings. “What do you want?” She told him. She bowed down in front of him to ask him for a favor.” (We are not left to wonder what He meant by the cup. Someone said. (Classical worldly hierarchy.) 23He told them. (The Mother of Zebedee‘s children. He must suffer and die.” (James would be martyred and John persecuted and exiled to the Isle of Patmos.) The Request of James and John (Mark 10:35-45) 20Then the mother of Zebedee‟s sons came to Jesus with her sons. They thought it was a matter of political patronage. “You will indeed drink from my cup. “You don‟t realize what you‟re asking. and they will condemn him to death. (They were probably indignant because they themselves wanted to be greatest and resented any prior claims being made by James and John!) 25But Jesus called the disciples and said. He had just described it in verses 18 and 19. This means that the chief honors in the kingdom are not limited to first century Christians. Not James the brother of Jesus). the places on His right hand and left hand would be given on the basis of suffering for Him. and crucified. and the Son of Man will be handed over to the high priests and scribes. but on the third day he will be raised. “You know that the rulers of the unbelievers lord it over them and their superiors act like tyrants over them. i. 21He asked her. The account that occurs in Mark 10:35 indicates that James and John were of the same mind. some living today might win them — by suffering. the mother of James and John. “Promise that in your kingdom these two sons of mine will sit on your right and on your left. See Luke 18:34. 27and whoever . But it‟s not up to me to grant you a seat at my right hand or at my left. His followers were thinking more of their own glory than of His sufferings.) 24When the ten heard this. John lived a martyr's life.Matthew Jerusalem. “We can. These positions have already been prepared for others by my Father. Did they understand Him? No. they became furious with the two brothers. they had a special claim to places of preferment. the Father had determined a special basis on which these positions would be assigned.. Instead. But it was not a question of personal favoritism. So this was not a case of the mother embarrassing her two sons.
If Jesus can step down from His glorious equality with God to become a man.) 31When the crowd told them harshly to be silent. but to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many people. they didn't indulge in generalities. (Their specific request received a specific response. if you read it carefully you will discover that what Luke is really saying is that they met the one beggar as they got to the city. But it is effective only for those who accept Him as Lord and Savior. while there still were two. Son of David!” 32Jesus stopped and called them. So they followed him. touched their eyes. He did not come to be served. greatness is manifested by service. Luke describes this as they came to Jericho and Mark describes the healing of the blind men when they depart from Jericho. though physically blind. and then further humble Himself to be a servant and wash the feet of twelve undeserving sinners—then humble Himself to die so horribly on our behalf. “Have mercy on us. their spiritual vision was so acute as to recognize Jesus as the Messiah.” (If the sinless Christ.Matthew wants to be first among you must be your slave. as we often do when we pray. they shouted. we want to be able to see!” (When Jesus asked what they wanted. It was sufficient to put away all the sins of all the world.. who is literally God in human flesh and Lord of all. They came right to the point. 30When two blind men who were sitting by the roadside heard that Jesus was passing by. they shouted even louder. The idea that they don‘t quite agree exactly refutes the idea that they are colluding. saying. deeply moved with compassion. and at once they could see again. Have you ever done this?) Jesus Heals Two Blind Men (Mark 10:46-52.) Matthew 21 The King Enters Jerusalem . we dare not denigrate humility or aspire to self-esteem instead of lowliness. a large crowd followed Jesus. would so humble Himself for us. In Christ's kingdom.Do you want to be blessed? Develop a servant‘s heart. Both Mark and Luke describe one blind man.) 34Then Jesus. “What do you want me to do for you?” 33They told him. “Have mercy on us. Lord. Both Matthew and Mark indicate that the healing took place as they were leaving. If you compare this with the same accounts in Luke and Mark they are a bit different. surely we ought to be willing to suffer any indignity to serve Him. Luke 18:35-43) 29As they were leaving Jericho. Son of David!” (Their use of the title ―Son of David‖ means that. (The unbelievers think of greatness in terms of mastery and rule.‖ He gave His life as a ransom for many people. His death satisfied all God's righteous demands against sin. while Matthew describes two. “Lord. Mark and Luke focus on the one who had a better witness. How many were there? Two. Lord..) 28That‟s the way it is with the Son of Man. Yet.
Isa 62:11. Perhaps the people meant. 3If anyone says anything to you. Jesus sent two disciples on ahead and 2told them.) 9Both the crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed him kept shouting. Then He got off the old donkey and mounted the colt. Account in Luke notes that they are singing Psalm 118. ―Crucify Him! Crucify Him!‖) . tell him. In riding into Jerusalem in this manner. „The Lord needs them. Untie them. the Messiah the King. and bring them to me.” (From this it seems that few really understood He was the Messiah. Luke 19:28-38.‟ and that person will send them at once. “Hosanna to the Son of David! How blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest heaven!” (Hosanna means save now.) 10When he came into Jerusalem. Each time Jesus slips away and notes that ―Mine hour has not yet come. (This indicates clearly that Jesus rode both the donkey and her colt. “Go into the village ahead of you. See his computations in the book The Coming Prince. heralding Jesus as the Meshiach Nagid. ―Save us from our Roman oppressors. „Look. Cf Dan 9:26. A prearranged password is implied. “This is the prophet Jesus. at least. John 12:12-19) 1When they came near Jerusalem and had reached Bethphage on the Mount of Olives. unveiled claim to being the Messiah. the whole city was trembling with excitement. This was four days before Passover. according to Sir Robert Anderson. Riding this unbroken colt was a miracle in itself!) 8Many people in the crowd spread their own coats on the road. Some propose that Jesus rode the old donkey until He came to the place on the Mount of Olives where He wept over Jerusalem. The Pharisees are upset because they felt that they were blaspheming. Zech 9:9. (It was a historic moment. 5“Tell the daughter of Zion. and he sat upon them.Matthew (Mark 11:1-11.‖ It later became an exclamation of praise. The people were asking.‖ Here Jesus stages the event! He does this deliberately to fulfill an Old Testament prophecy. your king is coming to you! He is humble and mounted on a donkey.” (―The Lord needs them‖: Literally the Lord of them. (For a moment. Next the Messiah would be cut off. In less than a week. So Jerusalem at this time was a tourist center. There were several times that Jesus became popular and the crowd wanted Him to be King. Sixty-nine weeks of Daniel's prophecy had now run out. the man from Nazareth in Galilee. He was acknowledged as King. At once you will find a donkey tied up and a colt with it. Skeptics try to find sin in Jesus Christ by saying ―Jesus wasn‘t sinless – He stole a donkey‖… It isn‘t stealing if the owner gives permission.) 6So the disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them.) 7They brought the donkey and the colt and put their coats on them.‟” (Cf.) 4Now this happened to fulfill what had been spoken through the prophet when he said. while others began cutting down branches from the trees and spreading them on the road. the Lord Jesus made a deliberate. even on a colt of a donkey. “Who is this?” 11The crowds kept saying. the fickle crowd would be crying. Luke 19:41-44. Every able-bodied male was required by the Law to go to Jerusalem for Passover.
Confrontation in the Temple over Money (Mark 11:15-19; Luke 19:45-48; John 2:13-22)
Jesus went into the Temple, threw out everyone who was selling and buying in the Temple, and overturned the moneychangers‟ tables and the chairs of those who sold doves. (The bazaars and Temple markets were the franchise of the Sons of Annas. In order to comply with the requirements of the Temple, you had to have the Temple currency. This created the need for moneychangers. The whole practice was corrupt and also in the wrong place. Also a foreshadow corresponding to Revelation where judgment starts in the House of God. Mal 3:1-3; 2 Thess 2:3, 4. Genuine outrage is not just a permissible reaction to the hard-pressed Christian; God himself feels it, and so should the Christian in the presence of pain, cruelty, violence, and injustice. God, who is the Father of Jesus Christ, is neither impersonal nor beyond good and evil. By the absolute immutability of His character, He is implacably opposed to evil and outraged by it. Tolerance is a virtue for those who have no convictions.) 13He told them, “It is written, „My house is to be called a house of prayer,‟ but you are turning it into a hideout for bandits!” (Cf. Isa 56:7; Jer 7:11. These merchants were selling birds and animals to the visiting pilgrims to sacrifice. But they were taking advantage of them and robbing them by charging exorbitant prices. The exorbitant prices charged the public by some professional and business people today comes under the same solemn indictment. This incident has a twofold message for today. In our church life, we need His cleansing power to drive out bazaars, suppers, and a host of other money-making gimmicks. In our personal lives, there is constant need for the purging ministry of the Lord in our bodies, the temples of the Holy Spirit.) 14Blind and lame people came to him in the Temple, and he healed them. (He attracted the needy wherever He went, and never sent them away without meeting their need.) 15But when the high priests and the scribes saw the amazing things that he had done and the children shouting in the Temple, “Hosanna to the Son of David,” they became furious (Hostile eyes were watching.) 16and asked him, “Do you hear what these people are saying?” Jesus told them, “Yes! Haven‟t you ever read, „From the mouths of infants and nursing babies you have created praise‟?” (As if they expected Him to forbid the children from addressing Him as the Messiah! If Jesus had not been the Messiah, this would have been an appropriate time to say so once for all. But His answer indicated that the children were right. If the supposedly knowledgeable priests and scribes would not praise Him as the Anointed, then the Lord would be worshiped by little children. Children often have spiritual insight beyond their years, and their words of faith and love bring unusual glory to the name of the Lord. Cf. Ps 8:2) 17Then he left them and went out of the city to Bethany and spent the night there. (Bethany, a Sabbath day‘s walk from Jerusalem. Some very special times in Bethany, where Lazarus is raised.) Jesus Curses a Fig Tree
(Mark 11:12-14, 20-24)
the morning, as Jesus was returning to the city, he became hungry. 19Seeing a fig tree by the roadside, he went up to it but found nothing on it except leaves. He told it, “May fruit never come from you again!” And immediately the fig tree dried up. (Matthew places the cursing of the fig tree after the cleansing of the temple. But Mark places the cursing before the temple was cleansed. But, it cannot be both. Did one Gospel writer make a mistake? Jesus actually cursed the fig tree on His way to the temple as Mark said, but this does not mean that Matthew‘s account is mistaken. Christ made two trips to the temple, and He cursed the fig tree on His second trip. Matthew addresses the two trips of Christ to the temple as though they were one event. In Mark's account the comment is made that it was not the season for figs. Therefore, His condemning the tree because it had no fruit would seem to picture the Savior as unreasonable and grumpy. Knowing this cannot be true, how is this difficulty explained? Fig trees in Bible lands produced an early, edible fruit before the leaves appeared. This was a forerunner of the regular crop. If no early figs appeared, as in the case of this fig tree, it indicated that there would be no regular figs later on. This is the only miracle in which Christ cursed rather than blessed—destroyed rather than restored life. This has been raised as a difficulty. Such criticism betrays an ignorance of the Person of Christ. He is God, the Sovereign of the universe. Some of His dealings are mysterious to us, but we must begin with the premise that they are always right. In this case, the Lord knew that the fig tree would never bear figs and He acted as a farmer would in removing a barren tree from his orchard. Even those who criticize our Lord for cursing the fig tree admit it was a symbolic action. This incident is the Savior's interpretation of the tumultuous welcome He had just received in Jerusalem. Like the vine and the olive tree, the fig tree represents the nation of Israel. When Jesus came to the nation there were leaves, which speak of profession, but no fruit for God. Jesus was hungry for fruit from the nation. Because there was no early fruit, He knew there would be no later fruit from that unbelieving people, and so He cursed the fig tree. This prepictured the judgment which would fall on the nation in a.d. 70. Although the primary interpretation of this passage relates to the nation of Israel, it has application to people of all ages who combine high talk and low walk. The lesson here for the disciples is if they don‘t bear fruit they are in jeopardy. One cannot judge the human heart—that is God‘s job—however, one can inspect the fruits!) 20When the disciples saw this, they were amazed. “How did the fig tree dry up so quickly?” they asked. 21Jesus answered them, “I tell all of you with certainty, if you have faith and do not doubt, not only will you be able to do what has been done to the fig tree, but you will also say to this mountain, „Be removed and thrown into the sea,‟ and it will happen. 22You will receive whatever you ask for in prayer, if you believe.” (Again we must explain that these seemingly unqualified promises concerning prayer must be understood in light of all that the Bible teaches on the subject. Verse 22 does not mean that any Christian can ask anything he wants and expect to get it. He
must pray in accordance with the conditions laid down in the Bible. Also make sure that you don‘t substitute the sacrifice of prayer for the obedience of evangelism; to do so is to play the hypocrite. It is easier to pray for this world than to preach the gospel to them. C.T. Studd said: ―We Christians too often substitute prayer for playing the game. Prayer is good; but when used as a substitute for obedience, it is nothing but a blatant hypocrisy, a despicable Pharisaism …. To your knees, man! And to your Bible! Decide at once! Don‘t hedge! Time flies! Cease your insults to God. Quit consulting flesh and blood. Stop your lame, lying, and cowardly excuses. Enlist!‖.) Jesus’ Authority is Challenged (Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:1-8)
Jesus went into the Temple. While he was teaching, the high priests and the elders of the people came to him and asked, “By what authority are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?” (By what authority? We hear this often from religious people, who are your leaders they ask? Who is your pastor? Who ordained you? Do you have an education and where did you go to school? Who are they that gives you counsel or are you just a loose cannon? This is what is being said to Jesus. Who does He sit under, who is His leader and what religious school did He attend, as He was considered a lone rebel. They not only wanted to question Him, they were on a fault finding mission. They hoped to trap Him, no matter how He answered. If He claimed to have authority in Himself as the Son of God, they would accuse Him of blasphemy. If He claimed authority from men, they would discredit Him. If He claimed authority from God, they would challenge Him. They considered themselves the guardians of the faith, professionals who by formal training and human appointment were authorized to direct the religious life of the people. Jesus had no formal schooling and certainly no credentials from Israel's rulers. Their challenge reflected the age-old resentment felt by professional religionists against men with the power of divine anointing.) 24Jesus answered them, “I, too, will ask you one question. If you answer it for me, I will also tell you by what authority I am doing these things. (He will give them His answer when He is under oath at the trial.) 25Where did John‟s authority to baptize come from? From heaven or from humans?” They began discussing this among themselves: “If we say, „From heaven,‟ he will ask us, „Then why didn‟t you believe him?‟ (The priests and elders were in a dilemma. If they admitted that John was sent by God, they were trapped. John had pointed men to Jesus as the Messiah.) 26But if we say, „From humans,‟ we are afraid of the crowd, because everyone regards John as a prophet.” (―Catch 22‖: No matter how they answer they lose. If they had correctly answered that John was divinely sent, they would have had the answer to their own question: Jesus was the Messiah of whom John had been the forerunner.) 27So they told Jesus, “We don‟t know.” He in turn told them, “Then I won‟t tell you by what authority I am
He is talking to the Scribes and Pharisees. and built a watchtower.29. Then he will lease the vineyard to other farmers who will . “I tell all of you with certainty.) 31Which of the two did the father‟s will?” They answered. killed another.‟ but later he changed his mind and went. they told one another. 30Then the father went to the other son and told him the same thing. „I don‟t want to. Gentiles guilt: Acts 4:26. he sent his son to them. Come on.John 1:11. He went to the first and said. and killed him. But even when you saw that.14. but he does.Acts 2:23. but he doesn‘t.27.) 40Now when the owner of the vineyard returns.” (Therefore the out-and-out sinners entered the kingdom of God while the self-satisfied religious leaders remained outside. 6:38. 37Finally. In contrast to the Scribes and Pharisees whose words are supportive and yet their hearts are far from Him.‟ but he didn‟t go. (One says that he is not going to do it. he sent other servants to them. (Isa 5:1-7. put a wall around it. what will he do to those farmers?” 41They told him. let‟s kill him and get his inheritance!‟ (Son . Jer 2:21. 35But the farmers took his servants and beat one. „They will respect my son.15. ―tax collectors‖: These were Jews collecting taxes from their own people for Rome.‟ 29His son replied. so they pleaded ignorance. (Killed . „This is the heir.Matthew doing these things. (Killed: Acts 7:52. you didn‟t change your minds at last and believe him.) 36Again. go and work in the vineyard today. Why should He tell them what they already knew but were unwilling to admit?) The Parable about Two Sons 28“But what do you think? A man had two sons.” Jesus told them. 7:28. but the tax collectors and prostitutes did. and you didn‟t believe him. Jewish guilt: 1 Thess 2:2. and attacked another with stones. Avowed sinners receive the gospel more readily than those with a veneer of false piety. Then he leased it to tenant farmers and went abroad. He replied. he sent his servants to the tenant farmers to collect his produce.) 39So they grabbed him.) 32John came to you living a righteous life. sir. and the other says he will. thinking. “The first one. but they might repent. dug a wine press in it.) 38But when the tenant farmers saw his son.) The Parable about the Tenant Farmers (Mark 12:1-12. Luke 20:9-19) 33“Listen to another parable. „Son. a greater number than the first.” (They refused to face the facts. Ps 80:8) 34When harvest time approached. tax collectors and prostitutes will get into God‟s kingdom ahead of you! (Why tax collectors and prostitutes? Their lifestyle is rebellious. “He will put those horrible men to a horrible death. There was a landowner who planted a vineyard. It is the same today. „I will.‟ (―his son‖: in Mk 12:6 notes ―a son whom he loved‖. but the tenant farmers treated them the same way. threw him out of the vineyard.
The wine-press signifies the fruit which Israel should have produced for God. The Jewish historian Neander said that by the end of the first century A.D. In the Passover service. more than one million followers of Jesus were Jewish.) 42Jesus asked them. This was the Lord‟s doing. God sent His Son. no born-again experience. (This prophecy has already been fulfilled. Repeatedly God sent His servants. The hedge is the Law of Moses which separated Israel from the Gentiles and preserved them as a distinct people for the Lord.) 43That is why I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce fruit for it. “Have you never read in the Scriptures. It is mainly among the Gentiles that Christ has been received.‟? (Cf. The tower suggests God‘s watchful care for His people.” (The parable is not difficult to interpret. must do so with such abandon that they are completely broken in their rebellion and self-will. we trust – when great numbers among the people of Israel will also turn to Christ. The Kingdom of God was taken from the Jews long ago and given to the Gentiles. At His first coming. the Messiah was rejected by most of His own people. But God has made the Messiah to be the Cornerstone of His coming Kingdom on earth. The first church was entirely Jewish. ―This is the heir‖—a fatal admission. the prophets. But the people persecuted the prophets and killed some of them. Finally. but it will crush anyone on whom it falls. and seek mercy from Him. though publicly denying it. Even now there has already been a great increase in converts to their Messiah among the Jewish people. Cf. Jer 2:21. 46Although they wanted to arrest him. They will be crushed at last by the Supreme Judge of the earth. Matthew 22 The Parable about a Banquet (Luke 14:15-24) . God is the landowner. they were afraid of the crowds. But a day is coming – soon now. there is no conversion. Israel the vineyard. this psalm is sung in the concluding part of the service. Mark 8:34-38. and it is amazing in our eyes. the non-Jewish people. Ps 80:8. the Rock of humanity‘s salvation.Matthew give him his produce at harvest time. they knew that he was talking about them. to the people of Israel seeking from the vineyard the fruits of fellowship. His authority came from the fact that He was God the Son. Those who reject His mercy and reject His Lordship over their lives will experience the awful descending blow of judgment.) 44The person who falls over this stone will be broken to pieces. They privately agreed that Jesus was the Son of God. Isa 5:1-7. Without this death to self. The chief priests and scribes said. who considered Jesus to be a prophet. So not all Jews rejected Him. and thus answered their own question concerning His authority. The vinedressers are the chief priests and scribes. to this day. and love. holiness.) 45When the high priests and the Pharisees heard his parables. Ps 118:22-23.” (All who cast themselves on Christ. Revelation 7:1-8. „The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.
provided by Him thru Jesus Christ. Jesus came to them. (i. it disproves the notion that the fires of hell exert a purifying effect. and throw him into the darkness outside!‟ In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. In this parable. ―our righteous acts‖ is as filthy rags. He said. He is obviously taking about something far broader in impact than simply a wedding and a breach of etiquette. The guests were expected to be wearing the robes provided by the King.) 11“When the king came in to see the guests.) 7Then the king became outraged.) 10Those servants went out into the streets and brought in everyone they found. Saul of Tarsus: At first would have tried to come by his own righteousness. but also of the blood of the prophets.e. We will be standing before God by Jesus‘ righteousness. treated them brutally. one to his farm. (Eastern custom is for the host to provide the garments for the guests. Israel is guilty of not only having rejected the Messiah. Isa 64:6. 2“The kingdom from heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding banquet for his son.Matthew 1Again Jesus spoke to them in parables. 70. If so. 3He sent his servants to call those who had been invited to the wedding. (Remnant slew his servants. not our own.) 13Then the king told his servants. (―who had been invited‖: John 1:11. Titus and his Roman legions. (The call to the Gentiles. Everything is ready. how did you get in here without wedding clothes?‟ But the man was speechless. John is talking about Israel. but those who were invited were not worthy. „The wedding is ready. (To spurn the robe offered was an expression of highest contempt. „Tell those who have been invited. extreme pain. and the wedding hall was packed with guests.‟ (Scrapping the first guest list. Nu 21:14!) 8“Then he told his servants.) 4So he sent other servants after saying. „Tie his hands and feet. They were His officially even if they did not know Him personally. Some suggest that the gnashing of teeth signifies continued hatred and rebellion against God. Those refusing to wear this robe will be rejected by God and thrown into outer darkness. „Friend. (Armies! That is. polite words for ―used menstrual cloths‖. They were ―his troops‖ in the sense that He used them as His instruments to punish Israel. Ex 15:3. to destroy Jerusalem and most of its people in a. The whole idea is that Jesus came first unto Israel. the robe represents the right standing with God.) 12He asked him. He sent his troops. evil and good alike. or the mechanic of the parable yields to the reality which Christ is focusing on. Others note the parallel with Peter in Acts 3:19-21 with the stoning of Stephen.d. one is the slaughtering of the prophets. and they destroyed those murderers and burned their city. 6The rest grabbed the king‟s servants. Clearly. The Jews rejected Him. This can be seen many ways. and then killed them. Rom 10:3. “Look! I‟ve prepared my dinner. Come to the wedding!”‟ 5But they paid no attention to this and went away. My oxen and fattened calves have been slaughtered. The weeping suggests the suffering of hell. he issued a general invitation to all who would come. etc. Here is where the idiom. another to his business. but they refused to come. he noticed a man there who was not wearing wedding clothes. but was confronted . 9So go into the roads leading out of town and invite as many people as you can find to the wedding.
16They sent their disciples to him along with the Herodians. Mat 11:12. Cf Rom 10:1-13.” They brought him a denarius.” (Those chosen by God to eternal life … Rom 8:29. Acts 4:12. the question of paying taxes to Caesar would never have arisen. as well as what He has told us to keep from doing. They had hoped to trap Jesus on the question of tribute to Caesar. 1 Pet 1:2 … are those whom He foreknew would be determined to meet His conditions for being born again.) 20Then he asked them. we know that you are sincere and that you teach the way of God truthfully. He exposed their failure to give tribute to God. They were pro-Roman Jews. he was Idumaean. Phil 3:7-9. John 3:1-8. A lot of prophetic overtones: the word going out twice. As the Passover lamb was examined for four days before Passover. Only thing in common here is that they are both trying to entrap Jesus. Herod was not Jewish.. You don‟t favor any individual. obeying both what He has told us to be busy doing. Galling as it was.” So he told them. so Jesus was examined by the religious leaders of the nation thru intense questioning.. They were joined with the Pharisees politically. Only those who are determined to enter Heaven will gain entrance there.) 14because many are invited. they . by trusting in Jesus as their Savior. Had they been true to God. and obeying Him as their Lord. the righteousness required.) 17So tell us what you think. Luke 20:20-26) 15Then the Pharisees went and planned how to trap Jesus in conversation. “Caesar‟s. he was established there by Rome. This parable shows the need to be properly attired for the wedding feast. and to God the things that are God‟s.) A Question about Paying Taxes (Mark 12:13-17. as both were powerful groups even though they had some very substantial differences: the Pharisees being ultra Judaistic and the Herodians being pro-Roman. because you pay no attention to external appearance. they thought that Jesus would have to side with one of the groups: either pro-Roman or pro-Temple. Jesus asked. “Teacher.) 18Recognizing their wickedness. first to Israel and then the Gentiles. but few are chosen. “Then give back to Caesar the things that are Caesar‟s. by turning from their sinning to living in obedience to Him.Matthew on Damascus Road and accepted Christ‘s robe of righteousness. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not?” (In asking this question. “Why are you testing me. The denarius should have reminded them that their bondage to Rome was a result of their sin. They said. They realize full well that mere selective obedience will not gain them entrance into Heaven. “Whose face and name is this?” 21They told him. Caesar‘s picture was on the coin. They are the ones who are indeed born again. (The denarius was the usual day‘s wage for a laborer. Every time the Jews saw the likeness and title of Caesar on the coin it was an annoying reminder that they were under Gentile authority and taxation. (―Herodians‖: Royal party sympathizers. you hypocrites? 19Show me the coin used for the tax.” (Their question had boomeranged.
‟ (… to inherit his property.) 26The same thing happened with the second brother. who claim there is no resurrection. If there is ever a conflict between the two. Deut 25:5-6) 25Now there were seven brothers among us. and since he had no children. most of us emphasize the part about Caesar and skip lightly over the part about God — exactly the fault for which Jesus reprehended the Pharisees!) 22When they heard this. They are not trying to get at this Levitical law. (He does not deal with the issue deeply. He will do. his brother must marry the widow and have children for his brother. ―God‘s power‖: If He could create men from dust. „If a man dies having no children. See Act 5:29. Moses said. He is not to speak evil of his rulers nor work to overthrow his government.) 24“Teacher. Dan 12:2. and finally with the rest of the brothers. 30because in the resurrection. 28Now in the resurrection. He is responsible to obey and financially support human government. And One stood before them who is the express image of God's Person and they failed to give Him His rightful place. (Will we be like angels or spirits in . In fact. the woman died. Whatever He has promised. As a citizen of heaven. Luke 20:27-40) 23That same day some Sadducees. but rather the idea of a resurrection. Then they left him and went away. A Question about the Resurrection (Mark 12:18-27. The Sadducees did not accept the rest of the Old Testament. and then the third. This is the error of the ungodly. but they did accept the five books of Moses. too. instead He focuses on one issue. ―the Scriptures‖: about the resurrection: Job 19:25-27. He just points out that they are all messed up. They are ignorant of Holy Scripture and they have a darkened understanding of the power of God. since all of them had married her?” (Their way of poking fun at the Pharisaical belief of a resurrection. (Obviously a contrived question meant to entrap Jesus. Gen 18:14). denying the resurrection of the body. He is to pray for those in authority. Isa 26:19. “You are mistaken because you don‟t know the Scriptures or God‟s power. came to Jesus and asked him. but they had disregarded the claims of God on their lives. he left his widow to his brother. his first loyalty is to God. people neither marry nor are given in marriage but are like the angels in heaven. 27Finally. their denials were more numerous than their affirmations. Therefore the dead definitely will be raised. Jesus does not attack a lot of things here. the Torah. The first one married and died. and miracles. could He not as easily raise the dust of those who had died and refashion it into bodies of glory? There is absolutely nothing too hard for God. they were amazed. whose wife of the seven will she be.) 29Jesus answered them. he is responsible to obey God. He draws upon the one common base that they all have. the Torah or what we call the Pentateuch. Cf. the liberal theologians of that day. (―Sadducees‖: The modernists. In quoting verse 21. Cf Heb 1:3. Jesus' reply shows that the believer has dual citizenship.Matthew did give Caesar his due. the existence of angels.
39The second is exactly like it: „You must love your neighbor as yourself. He does not say that angels are sex-less. however. Then we should try to imagine what it would be like if we showered that love on our neighbors. of how much of our activity centers around the care and comfort of self. Present tense. Mark's account adds the phrase. and strength of the physical nature.) 33When the crowds heard this.‟ (Quoting Deut 6:5. just that they do not marry.) 38This is the greatest and most important commandment. the mind of the intellectual nature. Luke 10:25-28) 34When the Pharisees heard that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees. We should think of how very much we do love ourselves. Jesus points out that the concept of marriage in the resurrection is just not Scriptural. Phylacteries are leather boxes containing Scriptures that are strapped to their left hand and to their foreheads. This means that man's first obligation is to love God with the totality of his being. 35One of them. haven‟t you read what was spoken to you by God when he said. there would be an automatic check on our selfish love. but of the living. is contradictory to those verses that claim there will be a resurrection of the physical body from the grave. and the God of Jacob‟? He is not the God of the dead. “„You must love the Lord your God with all your heart. Cf John 5:28–29. with all your soul. the soul of the volitional nature. Cf Mark 12:30. 1 John 3:14. beings without physical bodies? According to Hebrews 1:14 angels have no physical bodies—they are spirits. but that those three men are in the present tense..” A Question about David’s Son . but like them in that they do not marry.Matthew heaven. 5:1.‟ (Quoting Lev 19:18. it is argued that we will have no physical bodies in the resurrection. In this way. which Jesus addresses head on. Note that He does not say that He was the God of. Exod 3:6. But rather is the God of . This. and with all your mind. which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” 37Jesus told him. The Jews wore phylacteries containing Deut 6:5.. It is amazing that the God of the universe is calling Himself by the names of these three men. tested him by asking.) 31As for the resurrection from the dead. The heart speaks of the emotional nature. The Greatest Commandment (Mark 12:28-34. since we would have to love others this much too. not just that God is in the present tense. 36“Teacher. not past. Cf.) 40All the Law and the Prophets depend on these two commandments. Then we should do it. they were amazed at his teaching. Luke 24:39. Love is the controlling principle: 2 Pet 1:4. 15.2. Jesus did not say that we would be like angels in that they are spirits. an expert in the Law. they met together in the same place. Rom 13:8-10. (The real issue is the resurrection.” (Cf. First.) 32„I am the God of Abraham. ―and with all your strength‖. Thus. the God of Isaac.
but they refuse to lift a finger to remove them. “David‟s.”‟? (This was God the Father speaking to God the Son. but would not assist anyone in lifting these intolerable loads. Cf Ex 13:9-16. until I put your enemies under your feet.‖ Generally. (The word Rabbi was an honorary title which meant Lord. Micah 5:2. We all are victims of cultural background or style of worship. a descendant of David. but stop doing what they do. 42“What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?” They told him. the best seats in the synagogues. For that reason. 7to be greeted in the marketplaces. for outstanding . they would be the first to espouse Moses as an authority. because they don‟t do what they say. and to be called „Rabbi‟ by people.” (On this question hangs our entire life. Jesus asked them. 44„The Lord told my Lord. and from that day on no one dared to ask him another question.) 45If David calls him „Lord‟. how can he be his son?” (Christ is actually the Son of God. They increase the size of their phylacteries and lengthen the tassels of their garments. Deut 6:9. and received His human body thru the ancestry of David. Their creed was better than their conduct. they are doing these things to be seen of men. But He took on human form.Matthew (Mark 12:35-37. Jesus is referring to the condition of their heart. It was a case of high talk and low walk. ―Whose son is he?‖) 43He asked them. He is called the Son of David.) 6They love to have the places of honor at festivals. therefore David‘s Lord. but their practice was not.) 4They tie up burdens that are heavy and unbearable and lay them on people‟s shoulders. “Sit at my right hand. not as I do. (They made heavy demands on the people by their extreme interpretations of the letter of the law.) 3So do whatever they tell you and follow it. Great Teacher. Cf. Quoting Ps 110. Luke 20:41-44) 41While the Pharisees were still gathered. their teachings were dependable. Ps 2. Luke 20:45-47) 1Then Jesus told the crowds and his disciples.) 46No one could answer him at all. Jesus‘ point is that the Pharisees are doing all this for show. (Meaning that they put themselves in the position of Moses‘ authority. (―Do as I say. Rom 1:1-4. ―Tassel of the garment‖ was a symbol of rank. “Then how can David by the Spirit call him „Lord‟ when he says. or My Lord. nor is He indicting some of the observances that were their cultural pattern or style of worship. not because of their love for God. 2“The scribes and the Pharisees administer the authority of Moses. Master. He is not saying all that wear phylacteries are for show. (Hereafter they would use another method—violence. or.) Matthew 23 Jesus Denounces the Scribes and the Pharisees (Mark 12:38-40.) 5“They do everything to be seen by people. (―Phylacteries‖: leather cases containing Scripture texts.
as there are degrees. you will receive greater condemnation! (Some modern cults use a similar technique by getting elderly widows. 2 Tim 1:2). Paul used them rightly in reference to those whom he had begotten through the gospel. This should be Street Preaching 101.) 13“How terrible it will be for you. 9And don‟t call anyone on earth „Father. True disciples who humble themselves will be exalted in due time. sometimes undiscerning believers. Both are offenders no doubt and have committed a crime. professional or academic relationships. as not all sin is the same sin and not everyone will receive the same judgment. Yet think of the pompous titles found in Christendom today: Reverend. Two problems. you hypocrites! You devour widows‟ houses and say long prayers to cover it up. and all of you are brothers.‟ because you have only one Father. Also there will be degrees of judgment for certain sin. True greatness stoops to serve. and you don‟t allow those who are trying to enter to go in. Still bad fruit. that they are preventing others from going in! Strangely. scribes and Pharisees. Pharisees who exalt themselves will be brought low. Therefore. even with our land laws there are degrees of criminals. Cf 1 Corinthians 4:15. the Messiah! (The Lord warned His disciples against using distinctive titles which should be reserved for the Godhead.Matthew teachers of the Law. Jesus condemned these titles because of their hypocrisy. Same .‖) 11The person who is greatest among you must be your servant.‖ The Pharisees loved to be seen and praised by men.) 14“How terrible it will be for you. (Once again the revolutionary character of the kingdom of heaven is seen in the fact that true greatness is exactly opposite to what people suppose. scribes and Pharisees. and whoever humbles himself will be exalted. and two. Father. the one in heaven. Natural man doesn't want to be the object of God's grace and doesn't want God to show grace to others. The obvious meaning of the Savior's words is that in the kingdom of heaven all believers form an equal brotherhood with no place for distinctive titles setting one above another. They can be sweetly tolerant of everything but the good news of salvation.‖ nor a patient's addressing his physician as ―Doctor. 12Whoever exalts himself will be humbled. Pharisees and hypocrites‖ treated as synonyms. Bible aside.‟ because you have only one teacher.‟ because you have only one teacher. to sign over their property to the ―church. yet their crimes are not the same.) 8“But you are not to be called „Rabbi. but different levels of decomposing. Even the seemingly harmless ―Doctor‖ means teacher in Latin. 10Nor are you to be called „Teachers. Right Reverend. (Jesus commanded His followers not to call any man ―father. For instance. Prayer of the wicked = abomination. For example the person that steals a candy bar from the local store is not the same criminal as one who murdered three people for drugs. 22:1. it does not prohibit a child's calling his parent ‖Father. one that they are missing it themselves. ―Greater condemnation‖: There are degrees of sin. religious leaders are often the most active opponents of the gospel of grace.‖ Prov 28:9. You don‟t go in yourselves. rather than natural. Cf Acts 7:2. you hypocrites! You shut the door to the kingdom from heaven in people‟s faces. much like there are degrees of bad fruit. They cherished their titles—Rabbi and Father. This warning clearly applies to spiritual. and a host of others. (―scribes.
Thus. In fact the scriptural description of a fool is one who say to themselves `There is no God‘ ‖. People who think that gold has intrinsic value are blind. Secondly. it becomes valuable only as it is used for God's glory.) 16“How terrible it will be for you. and when this happens you make him twice as fit for hell as you are. Ps 14:1. (The third charge against them is misdirected zeal.) 18Again you say. but the final result is evil.) 20Therefore. Hence. it is used in the context of someone who is ―angry‖ with his brother. The Lord denounced them for their casuistry. One group is willing to knock on 700 doors to reach one person for their cause. scribes and . the gift or the altar that makes the gift holy? (Addressing them as blind men. It is useless to appeal to technicalities to evade obligations. it is tantamount to calling him an unbeliever. (The fact is that whatever these Pharisees swore by. „Whoever swears an oath by the altar is excused. Most sinners will get the red flame hellfire and those who God considers more wicked will get the blue flame of hellfire. Jesus exposed their sophistry.‟ 19You blind men! Which is more important. blind guides! You say. As someone has said. when He who ―knew what was in every person‖. It was the altar that gave value to the gift upon it. the one who swears an oath by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. In view of this. It is very clear that there are degrees of judgment for the degrees of sin against God. called unbelievers ―fools. Man cannot escape his obligations by specious reasonings. cf. or deliberate dishonest reasoning.‖ it was a most appropriate description of what they really were. Firstly. A modern analogy is the zeal of false cults.‖ not an unbeliever. but whoever swears by the gift that is on it must keep his oath.Matthew principle is applied with sin. ―The most converted often become the most perverted.) 15“How terrible it will be for you. God was involved and they were obligated to fulfill the vow. Jesus never harbored hatred toward those to whom He applied the term. John 2:25. They went to unimaginable lengths to make one convert. His use of the term ―fool‖ does not violate His prohibition against calling others a fool. They had built up a false system of reasoning to evade the payment of vows. scribes and Pharisees. but there are degrees of said sin and death. 21The one who swears an oath by the sanctuary swears by it and by the one who lives there. 22And the one who swears an oath by heaven swears by God‟s throne and by the one who sits on it. those given to the Lord or in the Lord's Name have eternal value.) 17You blind fools! What is more important. in Matthew 5 . you hypocrites! You travel over land and sea to make a single convert. indicating a hatred. Vows are binding and promises must be kept. All have sinned and as a result we will all die. but whoever swears an oath by the gold of the sanctuary must keep his oath.) 23“How terrible it will be for you. Jesus only commanded that a ―brother‖ not be called a ―fool. but after he was won they made him twice as wicked as themselves. technically speaking. The gold of the temple took on special value only because it was associated with God's abode.‟ (See Mat 15:5. one can see the seriousness of calling a brother a fool. Gifts given for carnal motives are valueless. „Whoever swears an oath by the sanctuary is excused. the gold or the sanctuary that made the gold holy? (Why did Jesus call people fools and yet condemn others for doing the same thing? Mat 5:22.
shed the blood of the prophets. (First clean the inside. mercy and faith. trivia vs. without neglecting the others. scribes and Pharisees. dill. of whom they were physical sons. Cf. so that a stranger would not inadvertently stumble upon a grave which would ceremonially make you unclean. and greed. (During the feasts in Jerusalem. But Jesus used the word descendants in the sense of meaning people with the same characteristics. ―The only prophets we like are dead ones.) 32Then finish what your ancestors started! (This was a prediction of what they were about to do to Jesus. then bolt down the largest unclean animal in Palestine! The Pharisees were infinitely concerned with minutiae. He knew that even as they were decorating the prophets' graves. so that its outside may also be clean.) 29“How terrible it will be for you. you hypocrites! You build tombs for the prophets and decorate the monuments of the righteous. they were plotting His death.‖ In this sense also they were descendants of their fathers. but grossly blind to enormous sins like hypocrisy. yet swallow a camel! (They placed such importance upon little things. will also be clean. „If we had been living in the days of our ancestors. but on the inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. then the outside.) 28In the same way. scribes and Pharisees. 26You blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup. your heart. and cummin. you testify against yourselves that you are descendants of those who murdered the prophets. you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs that look beautiful on the outside but inside are full of dead people‟s bones and every kind of impurity. the things you say and do. we would have had no part with them in shedding the blood of the prophets. they admitted that their fathers. scribes and Pharisees. Second. mercy.Matthew Pharisees. you will fill up to the brim the cup containing the sins of your fathers until that measuring cup is full – until as much has . He was saying. The gnat. 24You blind guides! You filter out a gnat. they would whitewash the tombs so that they were marked. They had lost their sense of proportion. ―By slaying Me. Micah 6:8).) 25“How terrible it will be for you. and faithfulness. (Men thought that contact with these religious leaders would be sanctifying. dishonesty. but ignored the truly important things. in effect. a tiny insect that often fell into a cup of sweet wine. but actually it was a defiling experience because they were full of hypocrisy and iniquity. First. on the outside you look righteous to people. but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness. not be able to celebrate Passover. (He is referring to the tithing of spices and grains. cruelty. the important traits: justice. you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your mint. 30Then you say. (But how did they testify against themselves? It almost seems from the preceding verse that they dissociated themselves from their fathers who killed the prophets.) 31Therefore. was strained out by sucking the wine through the teeth. and thus.‟ (This is what we might label outward homage.) 27“How terrible it will be for you. they were saying. inward homicide. How ludicrous to take such care with the insignificant. These are the things you should have practiced. you hypocrites! You clean the outside of the cup and the plate. but have neglected the more important matters of the Law: justice. in showing such respect for the dead prophets.
from the blood of the righteous Abel to the blood of Berechiah‟s son Zechariah. But then you must take the consequences. If one thinks Christ referred to this Zechariah. and some of them you will whip in your synagogues and persecute from town to town. The purpose of all history: that God might gather His children together. 70. capable of no emotion but love. died about 800 B.C.‖ And they have been taking the consequences ever since A. all these things will happen to those living today. and drove almost 100. and scribes.) 35As a result. 37-39 summarizes all of history in three parts: 1. and must always be just. and his father is listed as Berechiah. the purpose of all history. The Zechariah referred to has to be the son of Berechiah. ―But you were unwilling‖: The .D. 3. which extended to 400 B. in A. you will be held accountable for all the righteous blood shed on earth. it would not be too difficult to imagine two Zechariahs dying from similar circumstances. The popular conception of Jesus as an innocuous reformer. 2. but you were unwilling! (v. Some of them you will kill and crucify.D. the tragedy of all history.C.) 33You snakes. (―I‖: Jesus is doing the sending of the prophets. son of Jehoiada.Matthew been committed as God can possibly stand. He would be the most likely candidate because the other Zechariah. then burned the city. you children of serpents! How can you escape being condemned to hell? (Can Incarnate Love speak such scathing words? Yes. Gen 4:8. This Zechariah is one of the minor prophets. is unbiblical.) 36I tell all of you with certainty. because true love must also be righteous and holy.) Jesus Rebukes Jerusalem (Luke 13:34-35) 37“O Jerusalem.” (The horrendous slaughter and destruction of Jerusalem took place less than 40 years later. In an ecumenical age when some evangelical Christians are joining forces with avowed enemies of the cross of Christ. not at drunkards and reprobates. wise men. Did Jesus make a mistake in referring to Zechariah the son of Jehoiada rather than to Zechariah the son of Berechiah? See 2 Chr 24:20-21. Jerusalem. 70. Love can be firm. whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar. it is good to ponder the example of Jesus. Isaiah: sawed asunder. who kills the prophets and stones to death those who have been sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings. (Cf. Cf Zech 1:1.) 34“That is why I am sending you prophets. the triumph of all history. Jeremiah: imprisoned in filthy dungeon. Zechariah: slain between the porch and the altar. Abel to Zechariah the son of Berechiah would make a much better sweep of the OT period than would the period from Abel to Zechariah the son of Jehoiada. Since many Zechariahs are mentioned in the OT. then the time span from Abel to this Zechariah would not cover the OT period.000 Jews into captivity. The Romans killed well over a million Jews during the siege. It is solemn to remember that these words of condemnation were hurled at religious leaders.
which causes the gold to melt.000 inhabitants.) 38Look! Your house is left abandoned! (See Mat 24:1-2. Primarily the house here is the temple. the prophecy was very literally fulfilled. A rabbi talking to His 12 Jewish disciples. not one stone was left upon another of the Temple. Luke 21:5-6) 1As Jesus left the Temple and was walking away. but may also include the city of Jerusalem and the nation itself. which is still there. The Temple at that time was spectacular. The next time the inhabitants of Jerusalem would see Him after His death would be when they would look on Him whom they pierced and mourn for Him as one mourns for an only son.” (These men would very likely think that although things may change. The theme of Matthew can be seen in these verses … v. The first few verses have to do with the Temple. Revolutions. the Temple would never go away. 37-39.D.Matthew tragedy of all history. He has just gotten through denouncing the leadership of Judaism . Zech 12:10. partially in a frenzied search for every last piece of the gold ornamentation melted in the awful heat of the fire.) 39I tell you. They lay siege to Jerusalem and level it. there isn‟t a single stone here that will be left standing on top of another. They set fire to the Temple. Cf. One of the wonders of the world. don‟t you? I tell all of you with certainty. and since it had already been sown with its defenders‘ blood.) 2But he told them. This prophecy had to strike them as being extremely unlikely. They left probably through the Golden Gate on the eastern edge of the Temple Mount. slaughtering 1. Thus. He is obviously prophesying about the destruction of Jerusalem. They will all be torn down.600. Famines. so the Roman soldiers to recover the enormous wealth of gold.) Cults. and Earthquakes . Historian Josephus wrote of the temple‘s destruction by Romans in A. you will not see me again until you say. The triumph of all history = the coming of the Lord Jesus. the eight Woes of Chapter 23. (―Jesus left the Temple‖: This movement is especially significant in view of the words He had just uttered in Mat 23:38. their background is in Judaism. they sowed it with salt‖. Ps 118:26. which is to occur 38 years later by Titus Vespasian and four Roman Legions. They then plowed the ground level. „How blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!‟” (―until‖: Logical linkage. his disciples came up to him to point out to him the Temple buildings. dismantle the Temple stone by stone. The context is intensely Jewish. In Jewish reckoning there is no mourning as bitter as that for an only son. Don‘t confuse the Temple with the Temple Mount. 70: ―They carried away every stone of the sacred temple.) Matthew 24 Jesus Predicts the Destruction of the Temple (Mark 13:1-2. and the best view of the Temple is from the Mount of Olives. “You see all these things. ―Temple buildings‖: These were the pride of every Jew. the retaining wall.
Now. Whose primary mission involves deceiving? Satan.D. He answered their question in Luke 21:12-24. these four disciples approached Him to ask for more details concerning His brief mention of His second coming. It was at this location that four of Jesus‘ disciples – Peter. Which is remarkable when you realize that they haven‘t really understood that He is going to leave yet. but rather the consummation of the age. Note that this discussion was NOT open to the public. of possible deception. As He stood before the Temple. the disciples came to him privately and said. The world doesn‘t end there. it appears that Christ gave the prophecy recorded there. They finally realized that the Lord is going to return. In front of the Temple. “See to it that no one deceives you. remember Acts 17:11.) 5because many will come in my name and say. James. including Josephus. Luke 21:8-11. Luke 21:7-19) 3While Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives. when will these things take place. Or perhaps they were higher on the peak where they could really see the city. Satan is attractive in his ability to weave enticing doctrines. While Satan has many goals. Luke 21:7. (How do you prevent someone from deceiving you? You stay in the Word. He sat down. yet things do change radically at this point.Matthew (Mark 13:3-13. to all who were standing near Him outside the Temple. Afterward.) 4Jesus answered them. only your walk with the Lord and guidance by the Spirit in the Word of God. wrote that there arose a number of imposters claiming to be the Messiah between the time of Christ‘s . Several historians. The end of the age is not the end of the world. In fact it appears that it was not even a discussion where all 12 were present! It is a very intimate private insight that Jesus will share with them. Now. Jesus had been asked for a sign that would alert them that the great Temple building was about to be destroyed. John. Christ was approached twice that day by His disciples concerning some amazing statements He had just made. (The Lord again warns His followers. James. about which He has just told them. his strategy in achieving them is to deal in counterfeits. also adding some details about His second coming. „I‟m the Messiah. No hope in intellect or head knowledge. They wanted the inside. Luke 21:25-28. According to Luke 21:7.‟ and they will deceive many people. having reached the top of the Mount of Olives. as He had in front of the Temple. At the Temple. Perhaps in Gethsemane. John and Andrew were sufficiently interested to question Jesus abouth His startling statements in front of the Temple. There is only one way to avoid being trapped by enticing doctrines. 25-32. “Tell us. and that is by the power of the Holy Spirit and the Word of God. the people listening had asked Jesus what would alert them of the impending destruction of the Temple. He is asked for a sign that would alert them concerning the end of the age and of His returning in power and great glory. 70. on the Mount of Olives. Jesus dealt with the subject of the destruction of Jerusalem. which took place in A. Luke 21:6-7. an olive grove at the base of the Mount of Olives. when Christ had left the Temple and was on His way to Bethany. and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?” (Mark 13:3 reveals that only Peter. full story. and Andrew – asked Him privately to explain more fully what He had said in front of the Temple.
World War 1 broke out when the heir apparent to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian zealot. History has recorded famines at various times.” (Jesus now tells His followers how they could discern when the world was actually entering into the beginning of the birth pains that would bring about the rebirth of Israel and ultimately the establishment of the Kingdom of God on earth. as well. In other conflicts. This was nation against nation. Israel will one day be born spiritually as a nation. increase in intensity and increase in frequency. The approach of the end of the age would see several phenomena on the earth occurring at the same time. 43 of the principle nations of the world had entered the conflict. Widespread famine in many areas followed World War 1. a double fulfilment of this prophecy. Apostasy. their numbers will continue to increase. Jesus tells His disciples. Never before had so many nations risen up against other nations and kingdoms against other kingdoms – all involved in the same war. The first such time in world history occurred during the years of World War 1 … 1914-1918… and immediately following.) 8But all these things are only the beginning of the birth pains. It was a vastly greater conflict than had ever before been waged on earth. four years later. And today. however. No doubt. to be awaiting a specific time during which all of these phenomena would be in evidence at the same time. There have been earthquakes in the past.) 6You‟ll hear of wars and rumors of wars. Those phenomena would be: 1. and Evangelism . Famines 4. See to it that you aren‟t alarmed. at the return of Christ … cf Isaiah 66:7-9 … but in 1948 she came to full birth as a nation in modern times. Earthquakes in various places. Before the war had ended. Labor pains begin slowly. There will be famines and earthquakes in various places. Shortly after this the nations and kingdoms of the world chose sides and entered the war. World War 1. Some of the people were deceived by these men. but in World War 1 there were tens of millions in uniform. was evidently the beginning of the birth pains that would give rebirth to Israel and eventually give birth to God‘s Kingdom on earth.Matthew resurrection and the destruction of Jerusalem. 7because nation will rise up in arms against nation. Many nations rising up against many other nations 2. but the end hasn‟t come yet. and kingdom against kingdom. is and has been a common occurrence. Hostilities between the two countries over this incident resulted in Austria declaring war on Serbia one month later. as is true of many other prophecies. as the end is fast approaching. or even between kingdoms. (―kingdom‖ is a group of nations. hundreds of thousands had been involved. Wars between nations. These things must take place. It was during World War 1 that the wheels were set in motion to bring about the rebirth of Israel as a nation. but increasingly so in the present day. there are many men claiming to be Jesus Christ. then. Earthquakes not only took their toll but have occurred with increasing frequency thruout the world from that time until now. Even though false Christs arose in that era. Kingdoms rising against kingdoms 3.) Future Persecution. is to be expected.
No doubt their number will continue to increase.) 12and because lawlessness will increase. it may very likely cost you tribulation and death. Acts 16:31. then the Lord will return and send him to his place. however. as recorded in Luke 21:12-19. In addition to being hated. But following the beginning of World War 1. The word ―then‖ means.) 13But the person who endures to the end will be saved. Luke 21:12-19) 9“Then they‟ll hand you over to suffer and will kill you. and you believe Me to be the Christ. implies. 11Many false prophets will appear and deceive many people. to tell of their final persecution in the end time. The time is coming when every true Christian thruout the world will be a marked person. the Lord won‘t look you over for degrees but for s cars. In His discourse in front of the Temple. In the days ahead. 8:24. our Lord‘s prophecy that they will deceive many is also coming true. A reading of these Scriptures will reveal that Antichrist will wage war against all true followers of the Lord when he comes on the scene.” (The Great News about salvation thru Jesus Christ.) 10Then many people will fall away. and thruout the centuries. will betray one another. But your resurrection to eternal life will be worth being hated and killed a million times over for your Lord and Savior. because you believe and are living all that My name. and then the end will come. was preached to all the then-known-world by the time of the destruction of Jerusalem in A. Multiplied thousands upon thousands were martyred during those years. Today. and especially during the first 300 years following His crucifixion and resurrection. false cults and false prophets are literally flooding the land and the world in a greater than ever tide. 12:7b. there have already been more martyrs of the Christian faith that the total of all previous Christian martyrs.D. 25. anointed and blessed by God – the coming King of all the earth. and you‟ll be hated by all the nations because of my name. You are obeying Me as your Lord. 70. followers of Jesus are likely to be martyred by the hundreds of thousands and by the millions in days to come. And when he has finally succeeded in conquering them. (There have been false prophets from the beginning of the early Church. Revelation 19:11-21.Matthew (Mark 13:9-13. (See God‘s warning to such in. the Lord Jesus Christ. Christians have been persecuted since the time of Christ. the meaning of the name Jesus. (This passage puts endurance as a requirement for salvation! Matthew 10:22) 14And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the world as a testimony to all nations. But the end is not yet. the love of many people will grow cold. Included among the false prophets are those preachers who are preaching an easy way to Heaven – which will not get you there! Sadly. the Lord prophesied imminent persecution for His followers. the One chosen. It has been rightly said. When you get to Heaven. at the time of the beginning of the birth pains. and will hate one another. Daniel 7:20-22. . See also Mark 13:9-13. This verse is another example of the twos of the Bible. Once again. you are trusting Me as your Savior. This last attack on Christians would correspond to the beginning of the birth pains. at that time. and about His Kingdom. Here He goes beyond their immediate future. 11:32-35. in Revelation 3:16. It costs something to be a Christian. (This means. Revelation 13:7.
as the present age is ending. this prophecy of Jesus is being fulfilled – this time on a much larger scale. the printed page. In the middle of the 7-year period. . In 168 B.C. Luke 21:20-24) 15“So when you see the destructive desecration. and may prepare to heed our Lord‘s strong warning to flee to the hills when the desecration of the altar takes place and the abominable thing is erected in its place. and killing and offering pigs upon their altar. we have the prophecy that the Antichrist will make a 7-year pact with many. and many other modern means. Be sure to read Daniel 8:11-14 in connection with this. Antiochus Epiphanes sent General Appollonius with 22. Dan 9:27. and then attacked and plundered the city. 19:20. We do read of an idol in reference to Antichrist in Revelation 13:14-15. 15:2. he will blast the altar of sacrifice out of the way and cause his image to stand there in its place. we discover that evidently what this ―destructive desecration‖ refers to is that when Antichrist turns against the Jews in Jerusalem … Isaiah 33:7-9 … in the middle of his 7-year treaty. Be sure to read Zechariah 14:1-7 in regard to this. From Daniel 8:11-14. ‖ Cf Daniel 12:10. Reference is made to this idol image more than once. the insightful will understand. so that believing Jews in Israel may know what to expect. 12:11. The meaning of the words ―destructive desecration‖ have been obscure and not really understood thruout the centuries. he will break this treaty and cause his abominable image to stand in the Temple area in Jerusalem to be worshiped. 20:4. 16:2. After the Gospel of the Kingdom has been proclaimed world-wide. standing in the Holy Place (let the reader take note). Concerning the understanding of these things in the last days. Revelation 13:14-15. (Cf.000 soldiers to Jerusalem.Matthew however. Mark 13:14. ―The insightful‖ refers to the true followers of Christ. Nevertheless. The Jews will have built their Temple in Jerusalem by this time. That day is fast approaching.) Signs of the End (Mark 13:14-23. 11:31. Daniel 11:31. pretending to come peacefully. this parenthetical statement may have also been uttered by Jesus. then the end will come. mentioned by the prophet Daniel. television. But the time is now near at hand for the fulfilment of this ―destructive desecration‖ and the Lord is making known to His people the true meaning of what will actually occur. as the Gospel is now being broadcast world-wide by preaching. 12:11. Here He authenticates the book of Daniel being written by no other than Daniel and notes that Daniel was a prophet! From these verses in Daniel and from Revelation 11:1-2. The Gospel is again going forth thruout the whole world with emphasis on the Kingdom message – that Christ must be made Lord and King in one‘s life. and the practice of sacrificing animals on the altar will have commenced again. our Lord told Daniel “And none of the wicked will understand. and the Great News about the coming new and wonderful Kingdom of our Lord on earth. They then desecrated the altar of burnt offerings by building an altar dedicated to Zeus upon it. See Revelation 14:9-11. radio. No one is beyond the reach of God to present the gospel to them. personal witness.
It would be wise for believing families in Israel to discuss flight plans ahead of time so that when this terrible event occurs.. 33:2-3. everyone will be prepared. For other Scriptures concerning Israel‘s flight into the wilderness in Jordan see Isaiah 26:20 -21. This flight from Judea and Jerusalem will be particularly difficult for women with children and for any woman who is about to give birth to a child. Only those who flee absolutely immediately will escape.) 21because at that time there will be great suffering. The destruction coming upon Israel at that time will be sudden and terrible. 14:3-7. Revelation 12:1-6. Even in such cases. Zechariah 10:11. See verses 21-22. faithful and immediate heed to the Lord‘s warning to flee the country will no doubt ensure escape. however. (This passage is addressed to those living in Judea.‖: How would one see this abomination without actually being in the Holy of Holies? Only the High Priest was allowed in the Holy of Holies and only once a year after extensive ceremonies! Perhaps implying live television?) 16then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains. Our Lord‘s warning here indicates that it is only those who flee immediately and directly who will escape.) 18and anyone who‟s in the field must not turn back to get his coat. the kind that hasn‟t happened from the beginning of the world until now and certainly . 12:10.) 20Pray that it may not be in winter or on a Sabbath when you flee. Luke 17:26-37. Only those few who are willing to drop everything and flee according to the Lord‘s instructions will be saved. 13-17. (Jews living in Judea at this time are hereby warned by our Lord that when this happening is announced by radio. Any person within a house is not to go to another part of the same house to take a single thing with him. But Jesus said here that the primary fulfilment of Daniel‘s prophecy is yet future. Jeremiah 30:4-9.. Anyone going back to the house to assist others or to save any material thing will no doubt lose his life. Not even to pack your bags. From the time of the destruction in Jerusalem until Jesus returns in power and glory to rule over this world as King of kings and Lord of lords. Let the people of Israel take notice! The Lord encourages you to pray that this hour of flight will not come during the winter when the weather would make the escape most difficult.Matthew A statue of Zeus was also erected in the Temple area. approximately 3½ years will pass. 44:1-7. (The housetop is typically a patio. those in Judea are to leave urgently! Time spent in gathering belongings might mean the difference between life and death.) 17Anyone who‟s on the housetop must not come down to get what is in his house. 13:8-9.) 19“How terrible it will be for women who are pregnant or who are nursing babies in those days! (A logistic problem. ―When you see. Hosea 2:14-15. Mark 13:14-23. Those in the fields are to head for the mountains without returning home. (Only a problem if you are Jewish. A Sabbath day's journey would not be enough to take them out of the danger area. But these will be 3½ years of the most terrifying tribulation the world has ever known. Only a small portion of the Jews will escape. and to also pray that it not be on the Sabbath day when the orthodox Jew is allowed to travel less than a mile. or seen on television…the altar removed and the image of the Antichrist erected… they are to flee out of the country without stopping for anything. 41:10-20. Micah 5:3. Ezekiel 20:35-38. Their refusal to bow to the image would be quickly detected.
(Christ showed His deep concern about false Christs. and obey and serve Him. He has already determined that this time will be a short time. Christ ill not appear in resurrected form until after the time of darkness. even the elect‖ implies that it is not possible. those days will be limited. and fire … evidently 45 days. (This description isolates the period from all the inquisitions.) 24because false messiahs and false prophets will appear and display great signs and wonders to deceive. Jesus definitely states. so will be the coming of the Son of Man. (They will do miracles. that unless that time were limited. And if they say. Though it is unlikely that the period of 3½ years will be shortened. purges. „Look! He‟s in the wilderness. earthquake. Rather. They will evidently be inspired by Satan. Such reports could be used to trap those who sincerely and lovingly look for Christ. Events will not be allowed to run their natural course. though not many. The Man of Sin will be given satanic power to perform miracles. You will not be able to miss His Coming if you tried. „Look! He‟s in the storeroom. This prophecy could not have been fulfilled by any previous persecutions because it is clearly stated that it will be ended by the Second Coming of Christ. pogroms. „Look! Here‟s the Messiah!‟ or „There he is!‟. universal. however. As previously stated. the glory and brightness of His person and power will be seen from one end of the heavens to the other. I‟ve told you this beforehand. God will show this mercy for the sake of His elect. Daniel 12:11-12 … which is to follow the Battle . God will evidently curtail the frightful devastation and slaughter on the earth in some way so that mankind is not completely blotted from the face of the earth. (The tribulation will be so devastating. ―If possible. and this time given power by him. that His second coming will be neither secret nor humble. if possible.) 22If those days hadn‟t been limited. massacres. Christ will not come in hiding. no one would survive. So the Lord warns all disciples not to believe reports of a local. 26So if they say to you.) 23“At that time. a second time. if anyone says to you. whether Jew or Gentile. there would be no life left on earth. These signs and wonders will be so convincing that even the elect will almost be fooled. many of them. as He warned about them in front of the Temple. and glorious. with so much loss of life. at the beginning of this discourse. and genocides of history. Those who are alive on earth during the coming days of sorrow need to be warned again and again to believe no one who claims to be Christ. The elect are all the chosen of God. false Christs. secret Coming. (In an atmosphere of crisis. miracles can be satanic in origin. and now again. only by the grace of God.Matthew won‟t ever happen again. and now again. public.) 25Remember. don‟t believe it. will appear.‟ don‟t go out looking for him. because they will perform great signs and wonders. Even those who perform miracles are not necessarily from God. false Christs appeared a few years after Christ‘s resurrection. Cf 2 Thess 2:9-10. reports will circulate that the Messiah is in some secret location. 27because just as the lightning comes from the east and flashes as far as the west. But for the sake of the elect. Christ's Coming will be unmistakable—it will be sudden. or everyone on earth would be killed. no matter how convincing his arguments or the display of signs and wonders. They are those persons who truly love Him. even the elect.‟ don‟t believe it. Elect is protected: 1 John 2:20. In God‘s future plans.
12. Joel 2:10. He will come in regal power and splendor—the moment for which creation has groaned for thousands of years. as many believe. Daniel 12:11 gives us 1. The despised Carpenter of Nazareth will come as King of kings and Lord of lords. Luke 21:25-28) 29“Immediately after the troubles of those days. Then in the very next verse. the Messiah. 21. Haggai 2:6. What a great and glorious day that will be when Christ comes to earth in His majestic display of power and great glory to receive His Kingdom! What a wonderful moment! The One who was spit upon and crucified will be vindicated as the Lord of life and glory. 2 Pet 2:4.) 28Wherever there‟s a corpse. These are human vultures. His chariots will be the clouds of heaven. See the following verses 29-31. Acts 1:9-11. 3:16. spoiled= Col 2:15. Satan is the Prince of the Power of the Air..335 days!‖ That is 45 days later. Isa 13:9-14. Cf. (This verse has nothing to do with the Battle of Armageddon. viewing as well this world age in its death throes. The meek and lowly Jesus will appear as the Lord Himself. ―Powers of Heaven . etc. Zech 12:10. 19:11-16. Hebrews 12:26. Luk 21:27. It is very possible that this darkness and the other judgments here will affect the earth and the heavens for a period of some 45 days following Armageddon. there the vultures will gather.290 days for the time of the tribulation.shaken‖: Eph 6:12. and the powers of heaven will be shaken loose. because only those who have refused Christ as Savior and refused Him the lordship of their lives will be left on earth. they will go to any lengths in their attempt to further their own self interests. before Christ appers in the heavens. and verses 12-17 reveal what will take place at this momentous time in history.) 31He‟ll send out his angels with a loud trumpet blast.Matthew of Armageddon.‟ (Refer to Revelation 6:12-17 for a vivid description of what will take place immediately after the tribulation and the Battle of Armageddon.) The Coming of the Son of Man (Mark 13:24-27. Rev 1:7-8. 9-11. Revelation 6 gives an overview of end-time happenings. All others by this moment will have been raptured to be with Christ. and all „the tribes of the land will mourn‟ when they see „the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven‟ with power and great glory.. ―The stars will fall from the sky‖ may refer to meteorites crashing into the earth in horrendous judgment. Dan 7:13-14. So this judgment of darkness.) 30Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky. Mar 13:24-26. „The sun will be darkened. Zech 2:10-13. even to pretending to be Christ. 34:4. Mat 26:64. All the people on earth will mourn. (Cf. he states: ―Blessed is the one who perseveres and attains to the 1. and they‟ll gather his elect . But what a frightful day of consternation and woe that day will be for the ungodly! Revelation 6:15-17. See Isa 40:5. the moon will not give its light. the stars will fall from the sky. The sacrificial Lamb will descend as the conquering Lion. verse 12. may continue for a longer period than most Bible students have previously believed. And when these human vultures see Israel in distress and tribulation.
if the 1st possibility were correct. The proponents of a mid-tribulation Rapture point out correctly that the 7th trumpet begins to blow in the middle of the last 7 years of the age. the only remaining possibility concerning the timing of the Rapture would be its occurrence after the end of . The more severe part of the Tribulation will occur during the last 3½ years. or shortly thereafter. or shortly thereafter. This 7th trumpet will very likely continue to blow – at least in Heaven – for 3½ years. Others believe the Lord will take His own from the earth near the middle of the last 7 years of the age. One of the Scriptures used in support of their contention is 1 Corinthians 15:51-53. 2 Thessalonians 1:8. why would anyone expect it to happen before? Many Christians believe that Christ will have taken His own people to be with Himself before the Great Tribulation. Then there are those who believe that Christ will not call His own to Himself until the moment described in verses 30-31. during the Battle of Armageddon – and following this battle. however. which period is known as the 7 years of the Great Tribulation. And this is the last trumpet prophesied to sound during the age of grace. Those who say that the Rapture of the Church will occur in the middle of the 7 years believe the Church will be raptured when this last trumpet begins to blow. have some very convincing Scriptures to support their views. According to this Scripture. or at least thru the 1st part of it. Cf Rev 11:15. and fire from Heaven. 5 to 16:21.Matthew from the four winds. It will be a time of frightful judgment for those still upon the earth. or immediately after. Paul also refers to this time in 1 Thessalonians 4:15-18 and 2 Thessalonians 1:7. because it is definitely called ―the last trumpet‖. then there must be a trumpet blast which will follow. the Rapture will take place at the sound of the last trumpet. of course. Matthew 24:29. But also. the last 3½ years of this seven will be the time of God‘s judgment upon the ungodly on the earth. It will be a time of tribulation for the nation of Israel.” (The Apostle Paul refers to this time in 1 Corinthians 15:51-52 when he refers to the Rapture of the Church taking place at the sounding of the last trumpet. How much better to be with the Lord than to go thru the Great Tribulation! Those who believe that Christians will go thru the Tribulation. great hailstones. It would be easiest. that we read about in Revelation 11:15-17 and 1 Corinthians 15:51-52. Whether or not the sound of the trumpet will be a literal sound upon earth is not revealed. earthquakes. This will herald the beginning of the reign of the Son of God upon earth as King of kings and Lord of lords! Being that both Christ and the Apostle Paul state that it is at this time that the Rapture will take place. If there should be a trumpet to follow the 7th trumpet of Revelation. but a time of great joy and triumph for those who in all sincerity have surrendered their lives to Christ as their Lord and Savior. 15:1. or just previous to that battle. and especially at the very end. from one end of heaven to another. Still others believe this great event will not take place until Christ returns in power and glory at the Battle of Armageddon. Revelation 6:12-14. 2 Peter 3:1012. The last trumpet mentioned in the book of Revelation is the 7th trumpet which brings forth the 7 vials of the wrath of God upon the earth. The mid and post-tribulationists point out that if the last trumpet spoken of in 1 Corinthians is not the 7th and last trumpet of Revelation. during the time of darkness. and for all upon earth at that time who are true believers in Christ. This is indeed the last blast of the 7th trumpet.
This is a very strong Scripture in their favor. The evil will be harvested first. Another Scripture the mid and post-tribulation rapturists use is 2 Thessalonians 2:1-12. Also. when you see all these things. Every true child of God who has died since the beginning of time will be resurrected. Luke 21:29-33) 32“Now learn a lesson from the fig tree. Remember that this whole discourse is in response to His disciples‘ question. 33In the same way. because God‘s time for you to leave this life may be as soon as today! But after all is said about the possibilities. and are ready to go to be with Him. But the time of the Rapture is not the all-important thing – getting right with God and being truly born again is what really matters. in which case we must make sure that we truly love. and that it is then that ―his angels will gather his elect‖. But such an interpretation fails in light of the fact that Luke 21:29 adds. On the other hand. proving that we are truly born again. Likewise. he knows that summer is close at hand. we dare not believe in a post-tribulation Rapture of Christ‘s true Church. we must be ready and willing to suffer and die the martyr‘s death for the sake of our Lord. people the world over will be included in this great event. and then as described in verse 31. and especially if we are to go thru the Tribulation. ―and all the trees‖. When its branches become tender and it produces leaves. The parable of the good grain and tares … Mat 13:30 … will thus be fulfilled. and use that as an excuse to put off getting right with the Lord until the Tribulation begins. the last trumpet. When one sees the trees of the forest and field putting forth leaves. So be absolutely sure that you are truly born again.g. (Many claim that the fig tree here is symbolic of the Jewish nation. and serve Him. for the Temple to be desecrated it must be consecrated.Matthew the 7 years of the tribulation period. We can hope to be with the Lord during the time of Great Tribulation on earth. they can know that the time of His coming is . thereby must be observant Jews. proponents support their view with such Scriptures as 1 Thessalonians 5:9-10. right at the door. Christ so plainly said in Matthew 24:29-31 that ―immediately after the troubles of those days‖ there will be ―a loud trumpet blast‖. (It refers to the whole discussion about His Coming. Cf Mat 13:24-30. Jesus' statement was simply a matter of everyday understanding. if such be His will. the angels will gather the good grain. at Armageddon. obey. when people see these prophecies of Jesus beginning to take place.) The Lesson from the Fig Tree (Mark 13:28-31. God‘s chosen ones. you know that summer is near.. you‟ll know that the Son of Man is near. As to a possible Rapture of the Church before the Tribulation.) 34I tell all of you with certainty. and in the judgments that follow. If this is what the verse means then it is being redundant as He has already noted that the Jews have to be around to fulfill these prophecies: e. 36-40. Returning to verse 31 in Matthew 24. this generation won‟t disappear until these things happen. even today. Every true Christian still living upon the earth will be caught up to be with the Lord.
it seems that those familiar with the prophecy may be able to know the year. still living today. They certainly did not see the events that will follow the Great Tribulation. It will be so imminent that this generation.Matthew near. because He has given us all kinds of signs and indications to look for which will indicate that the time is drawing near. that it will be approximately three and one-half years after the idol image is set up in the temple. It is the older generation. Rev 13:5. These are the ones who will see the final events that will lead up to the return of Christ. these words of His in this prophecy. Cf Dan 9:27. The only possible conclusion is that this generation refers to the generation living when these end time happenings begin to happen. they are finite creatures with limited knowledge. Rev 11:2-3. But that generation did not live to see all of these things take place. (Our Lord does not tell us that we will not know the approximate time of His coming. will positively not pass away. Dan 12:7. Rev 12:14. They will know. will positively not pass away before all of these things have taken place. In speaking of heaven passing away. that When you see all these things beginning to happen. Meaning the whole scenario will occur in one lifetime. See verses 7-8.) 37because just as it was in the days of Noah. God is able to ensure that His written Word. While those living prior to Christ's return will not know its day or hour. The dissolution of the heaven and the earth is described in 2 Pet 3:10-13 and mentioned again in Rev 20:11. will endure. nor the Son. but only the Father. and thruout the Bible. (There was indeed something very supernatural going on in the Days of Noah between the B‘nai Elohim. the Bible.) The Unknown Day and Hour of Messiah’s Return (Mark 13:32-37. living at the time when these things begin to come to pass.” (These things are so certain to come to pass that our Lord declares that even though it is true that the heavens and the earth will in time pass away. It is today's older generation! So the end is rapidly approaching. the end must be very near! Some claim that the words ―this generation‖ in v 34 refer to the generation living when Christ spoke these words. for instance. If such is the case. so it will be when the Son of Man comes. in fact. He says. see also Dan 7:25. His words will be fulfilled to the very letter. but my words will never disappear. that was born when the birth pangs of the end of the age began. Mark 13:32. Cf 2 Cor 12:2-4. the older generation of today will not die out until all things are fulfilled.) 35Heaven and earth will disappear. Even Christ did not know. Luke 17:20-36) 36“No one knows when that day or hour will come —not the angels in heaven. According to Jesus' clear indication. But He does state that nobody but the Father knows the day or the hour when He will return. realize that the end is near. He was referring to the stellar and atmospheric heavens—the blue firmament above us—not to that heaven which is the dwelling place of God. Dan 12:11. We are not surprised that angels do not know. the Sons of . right at the door. We believe it is this generation that witnessed the beginning of the end. This should warn against the temptation to set dates or to believe those who do.
Genesis 6-8. the earth was destroyed by the great flood—God's judgment on the shocking wickedness of people upon the earth. Isaiah 2:2-4. During these days of awful judgment upon the earth. Many have believed that these verses speak of the Rapture of the Church before the Great Tribulation—the true Christian being taken from the earth and the unbeliever left. they lived as if they were flood-proof. the strange creatures that this gave rise to is entrapped in our own myths and legends. even on the very day that judgment from God strikes. 41Two women will be grinding grain at the mill. In other words. people were eating and drinking. His point is that things were business as usual. On the other hand. 2 Peter 3:5-14. (The two men in the field and the two women grinding at the mill with the one taken and the other left would appear to speak of judgment. etc. Revelation 6:12-17. they went through the routines of life as if they were going to live forever. Don‘t misunderstand what He is saying. even as it did just prior to the great flood. and compared that event with the future judgment of this world by fire. great hailstones. That is just the way it will be when Christ returns. (In the days of Noah.‖ Apparently. he had it sitting in his driveway for over 120 years! The ark stood as a witness to the world that a flood was coming! Jesus‘ point here is that they ignored the signs. The next judgment will be by fire. It would seem.27 and continuing through verse 37. and one will be left behind. however. Cf. Malachi 4:1-3.Matthew God . Luke 17:26. He may simply be saying that life will go on as usual. 9:8-17 that He would never again destroy the earth with a flood. One will be taken. Some believe that this will happen again in the end times from this and other passages. People will be eating and drinking. God will be cleansing the earth by fire and remaking it by earthquakes. marrying and giving in marriage right up to the day when Noah went into the ark.. will be delivered. See Gen 6:1-5. following the Battle of Armageddon. the Demi-gods of ancient Greek mythology. In verses 37-39 Christ referred to the previous judgment by water. One will be taken. that this is a continuation of the judgment scene of the previous verses. two people will be in the field. They had unnatural offspring called ―the Fallen Ones. earthquake. in order that the earth might be replenished during the Millennium. that the Lord is comparing wickedness in Noah's day to wickedness in the days of His coming. Only those who are in Christ. So some will be taken in death and some will be left. they were unprepared. That‟s how it will be when the Son of Man comes. on one hand. The Lord promised in Genesis 8:20-22. Noah did not just build the Ark. outside the only place of safety.) 38In those days before the flood. 2 Peter 3:5-12. . Nahum 1:5. etc. and one will be left behind.the Old Testament term for angels. and the Flood as a bona fide historical event. the ark of safety. Though warned that a flood was coming.) 39They were unaware of what was happening until the flood came and swept all of them away. getting married and giving their daughters in marriage. Many people will be destroyed in these final judgments.) 40At that time. both preceding and following Armageddon. It may be. The intervention of the occult in the end times would be consistent with this view of the days of Noah. and the daughters of men. There is nothing wrong with marrying or eating. (Jesus referred to Noah as an actual historical person. When it came. while others in the same place will be spared.
especially verse 43. there are degrees of wickedness and rebellion. as well. while his Lord is absent. then.) The Faithful or the Wicked Servant (Luke 12:42-48) 45“Who. It certainly appears that judgment is the theme. The Lord will have blinded their eyes because of their determination to continue in their sin. if you are a child of the light. The warning is issued. (Cf. Revelation 16:20. Rom 11:25. We must be ready to meet Him now— today! The ungodly person who trusts that he has time to continue in his sinning. will undoubtedly find death and judgment falling upon him before he expects it. The thief is coming to take that which He has already purchased. We need to watch our lives. It is evident that even this final judgment will come as a surprise to most people still living on the earth. There is urgent need to be ready for His coming at all times.) 44So you.) 43But be sure of this: if the owner of the house had known when during the night the thief would be coming. Let's not dare to twist our Lord's words here to fit our socalled system of theology. before repenting. because you don‟t know on what day your Lord is coming. to all who profess to know Christ as Lord and Savior.) 47I tell all of . 5-10 tells you that He won‘t come as a surprise to you.Matthew crashing meteorites. and the mountains will be leveled as rolling hills. No man knows the day or the hour. Even among unbelievers. to make sure we are living in the will of our Lord. to catch Satan by surprise! Cf. They will not recognize the time in which they live as being the time just previous to the end of the world as we know it today. 1 Thess points out two distinct classes: those of the light and those of the darkness. (The householder is actually a usurper. The householder is the god of this world. The thief in the night is Jesus Christ! The Second Coming is the only thing not timed. The righteous Lord in His infinite wisdom will be quite able to choose those to be taken in death at this time and those to be left to live during the Millennium. Just what criteria the Lord will use at this time to choose between those taken and those left is not revealed. The Lord meant exactly what He said. We have no promise of a sure tomorrow on this earth. God's call on your life will no doubt come at a time when you least expect it. we are expected to anticipate His Second Coming. and to help others to be ready. is the faithful and wise servant whom his master has put in charge of his household to give the others their food at the right time? 46How blessed is that servant whom his master finds doing this when he comes! (A servant lives in a state of readiness. too. Satan. It is impossible to determine for sure the exact meaning of those taken and those left. must be ready. No one knows with absolute certainty God's timetable for this world.) 42“So keep on watching. The resultant renovated earth will contain no more islands. etc. 1 Thess 5:2-4.” (These verses also speak of judgment. because the Son of Man will come at an hour you are not expecting him. So much is at stake in so many lives. nor for his or her individual life. he would have stayed awake and not allowed his house to be broken into.
) 2Now five of them were foolish. or if converted. later straightening himself out. These are frightful warnings indeed.Matthew you with certainty. to give guidance and leadership to fellow Christians. Anything less than total surrender to the Lord is not true conversion. His end will come suddenly. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. the King. The awful truth here is.” (Some Christians. including some pastors. (The foolish girls are a picture of those who want and expect to get to Heaven. and with his own kind. The Lord promises rewards to all of His faithful servants who give His household spiritual food at the proper time.) 48“But if that wicked servant says to himself. (Added opportunity implies added responsibility. when he is least expecting it. See Mark 9:43-47. such an unfaithful servant will find his place with those who have openly opposed the Lord. Verse 47 indicates that the rewards for faithful service will be great indeed. to challenge. Such a life has the reward now of peace of mind and real assurance of eternal life—and later—eternal rewards. 5Since the groom was late. (The groom is Christ. all our talents and strengths to be used for His glory and the blessing and salvation of others. The one who thinks he can get by for a time with sin. the hypocrites. We will do well to take most earnest heed ourselves and to shout the warnings and urge all who profess Christ as Lord and Savior to live thoroughly what they profess. he will put him in charge of all his property. to rebuke.) 4But the wise ones took flasks of oil with their lamps. seem to have little concern for the fact that Christ may call them from this world at any moment to appear before Him. These prophecies of warning are just as certain of fulfillment as the prophecies of blessing. 3because when the foolish ones took their lamps. he somehow lost out to the temptations of the flesh and the devil. and full obedience to all His teachings and commands. 51Then his master will punish him severely and assign him a place with the hypocrites. 50that servant‟s master will come on a day when he doesn‟t expect him and at an hour that he doesn‟t know.‟ 49and begins to beat his fellow servants and eat and drink with the drunks. After this life is over. coming directly from the mouth of Jesus Himself. God demands our all—all our love. and five were wise. they didn‟t take any oil with them. . all Christians are to be pastors to each other. the kingdom from heaven will be comparable to ten bridesmaids who took their oil lamps and went out to meet the groom. According to Scripture. Each follower of Jesus is admonished to encourage and strengthen. The servant of the Lord who lives in sin was either never really converted in the sense of having his life changed—being truly born again—which is the only kind of conversion recognized by the Lord. „My master has been delayed. It will pay great dividends to always watch and be ready to meet the Lord.) Matthew 25 The Parable about the Ten Bridesmaids 1“At that time. but as cheaply as possible. will no doubt find his Lord coming for him at a time when least expected. they won't make it.
Those who were ready went with him into the wedding banquet. but it would have to be purchased. (The negligence of the foolish caught up with them. Of course. „Lord. but in the spiritual realm.) 13So keep on watching. That relationship ended because of their negligence. I never knew you. necessary action that must be continuous. The Lord Jesus no longer had a relationship with the 5 foolish bridesmaids as He did at an earlier time when their lamps were burning and they were ready to meet the groom. It's in the present tense. Heb 1:9. They were not ready to meet the groom anymore. as he tells a different group of continuous tense evil doers: Matthew 7:21-23. even to the wise. full and brimming over with love for Him. at this time. Don't ever think you can get by with a half measure of spiritual interest and concern and still be welcomed into Heaven. It was not freely given. Zech 12:10.) 12“But he replied. Only the wise. „No! There will never be enough for us and for you. the foolish didn‘t have the knowledge that once the door is closed it won‘t be opened for late comers. open up for us!‟ (The foolish returned. denoting present. Jesus‘ response to the 5 foolish bridesmaids is most revealing about the vital need of enduring.) 11Later. but the door was closed. or are you mainly living to please yourself and certain others. Unlike the wise virgins. Acts 10:38. but it was now dying out. Colossians 1:23. They alone went into the wedding banquet.” (Meaning.Matthew all of them became sleepy and lay down. „Give us some of your oil. not the word for a factual. the groom arrived. NOTE: He didn‘t say to those foolish virgins. God demands your whole heart. midnight. the Holy Spirit cannot be purchased. 1 John 2:24.) 10“While they were away buying it. 8“But the foolish ones told the wise. ―Oil‖ = the Holy Spirit. Zech 4. the groom came. because you don‟t know the day or the hour. imperative mood. lord. This is a real danger which few seem to recognize. the other bridesmaids arrived and said. I don‟t know you!‟ (―know‖: The intimate type of knowledge. were ready. who are not ready. instead of the Lord? Do you truly love the Lord above all else and above all others? Are you truly born again? Are you continuing in the faith? John 8:31. who were thinking ahead and knew they would have to endure. Jesus didn‘t know the foolish virgins anymore. Are you now. but the Bible does use the literary figure of buying salvation without money and without price. Is the Holy Spirit in your life?) 9“But the wise ones replied. there was a price that needed to be paid to get that oil to keep their lamps burning as God wants. Again. „I tell all of you with certainty. It was then that the bridesmaids needed to be ready.) 7Then all the bridesmaids woke up and got their lamps ready. watch the way you live.‟ (The wise ones' refusal seems selfish. Is your life really pleasing to the Lord. keeping watch over your own soul? If . and the door was closed.) 6But at midnight there came a shout: „The groom is here! Come out to meet him!‟ (At the darkest time of the night. had already paid that price and were ready at that crucial time. They needed oil to keep their lamps burning. Rom 8:9. information type of knowledge. James 5:19-20. no one can dispense the Spirit to another. Apparently. because our lamps are going out!‟ (The foolish had a lamp burning for God. who still had a burning lamp. (The groom‘s delay symbolizes the period between His two Comings. The wise. You‟d better go to the dealers and buy some for yourselves.
Matthew 10:22. still. (A talent is a coin worth about a year‘s salary. "The foolish virgins were like the seed that was sown upon the rock. Acts 14:22. Don't allow any teaching or preaching of easy believism rob you of eternal life. and at once received it with joy. and buried his . Colossians 1:23. is your lamp still burning or has it died out? Does Jesus still know you? This should be a frightful warning to many believers. to be His totally. We must keep awake to everything that would divert our attention away from the Lord and away from the prize. Then he went on his trip. This is sad indeed. and obeying everything that God teaches you there. James 4:8. Also. They heard the word. have a good daily visit with the Lord in prayer. Life everlasting can only be claimed as we are found to be truly in Christ—all the way. from the very depths of your being. will not make it. So many other warnings in Scripture could be pointed out. though the bridegroom might come at any moment. Life eternal with our Lord will be so glorious. even waiting for the Lord's coming. that it is not enough to have a lively zeal for awhile. and so everlasting that no suffering or pain or waiting can be counted too high a price to pay. "The simple and genuine meaning of the whole of this parable is just this. thru all temptations. and He will draw near to you. and to another one.Matthew you were once saved. 24:13. rejections. They were waiting for the coming of the Lord. That is. Both will fall into a pit —both the teacher and the one who accepts his message. The lamps and lights of the five foolish girls looked just like those of the wise girls. That word ―watch‖ means to not go to sleep. What to do? Draw near to God. but they had no root. in sickness and in health.) 16“The one who received five talents went out at once and invested them and earned five more. How? By reading your Bible daily. have constant fellowship with Him.) The Parable about the Talents 14“Similarly. 18But the one who received one talent went off. the one who had two talents earned two more. Jesus' warning about false teachers is very applicable today. He might long delay. until you finally stand in His glorious presence. it is like a man going on a trip. or whatever. In fact. 17In the same way. The main lesson of this parable of the ten girls is that many people who consider themselves to be Christians. dug a hole in the ground. you must read what God has to say. to another two. and obey it. To stay alive spiritually. who called his servants and turned his money over to them." Cf 2 Peter 1:10. They were lacking in perseverance. in a sense they were. If you have not already done so. We must have in addition a perseverance that never tires. because the foolish girls were all followers of the Lord. so wonderful. that there was need for daily preparation. 15To one man he gave five talents." Jesus ends this parable with another warning to watch. But the foolish had not made any provision to hold firm unto the end. of constant watchfulness for His coming. John Calvin once stated. in watchfulness. to keep awake. no matter how long or fierce the temptations to live to please ones' self. promise the Lord this very moment. based on their ability. Matthew 15:14. They did not keep in their minds the thought that. Remaining faithful to the end is an absolute imperative.
Those who desire to be used for God's glory are given the means. good and trustworthy servant! Since you‟ve been trustworthy with a small amount. we should turn them over to others who can. take what‟s yours!‟ (This was the safe route. „you gave me five talents. of rejection. I knew that you were a hard man. 19“After a long time. Your words condemn. different talents. 23“His master told him. Atrophy is the reward of indolence. etc. „Master. (This represents the Second Coming.‟ 21“His master told him. I‟ll put you in charge of a large amount. Come and share your master‟s joy!‟ 22“The one with two talents also came forward and said. he would have received the same commendation as the others. „Well done. all he had to show for his life was a hole in the ground!) 29because to everyone who has something.‟ he said. of being hurt in some way. good and trustworthy servant! Since you‟ve been trustworthy with a small amount. Bible societies. All Christians are the Lord's .Matthew master‟s money. ―If that's the kind of master you thought I am.‟ (Incidentally. in verse 26. I would‟ve received my money back with interest. not excuse you. The bankers in this case may be missionaries.) 24“Then the one who had received one talent came forward and said. (If this man had earned one talent with his talent. more will be given.‖ The mention of the bankers in verse 27 suggests that if we cannot use our possessions for the Lord. ) 26“His master answered him. „You evil and lazy servant! So you knew that I harvested where I haven‟t planted and gathered where I haven‟t scattered any seed? (―lazy‖ means failure to act energetically.) 30Throw this useless servant into the darkness outside! In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. They are persons in the employ of the Master. you gave me two talents. all the more reason to have put the talent to work. I went off and hid your talent in the ground. the master is not agreeing with the charges against him. When I returned. 25Since I was afraid. the master of those servants returned and settled accounts with them.) 28Then the master said. different performance. ―Since I was afraid‖: Afraid of failure. See. „Master. harvesting where you haven‟t planted and gathering where you haven‟t scattered any seed. He also blamed his failure on his master. „Master. I‟ve earned five more talents. Instead. I‟ll put you in charge of a large amount.) 20The one who had received five talents came up and brought five more talents. there is no excuse for leaving money idle. But from the person who has nothing. the more they are enabled to do for Him. even what he has will be taken away from him. See. Before His departure He calls His own servants to His side. (This follows a fixed law in the spiritual realm. Here. Christian publishing houses. „Take the talent from him and give it to the man who has the ten talents. See Revelation 21:8. gospel radio programs. Rather he is saying.‟” (Jesus pictures Himself here as a man traveling into a far country. and he‟ll have more than enough. Conversely. Come and share your master‟s joy!‟ (Two guys. The other guys took risks. „Well done. In a world like ours. The more they do.) 27Then you should‟ve invested my money with the bankers. we lose what we don't use. These servants are not rebels or ungodly men. I‟ve earned two more talents.
and were commended by their master and welcomed into His presence to great responsibilities. No. and happiness. to such it will be a day of frightful awakening. It would be profitable for whoever names the name of Christ as Lord and Savior to give very serious consideration to our Lord's prophecy here concerning His servants. In the second place. as such. he had simply not put it to work for his master. and meets with similar punishment. Let no one say that he cannot do anything for the Lord. Every Christian also has opportunity to take his stand for the Lord in various situations. and we all have unending." So said one of God's servants of the 19th century. To some. It will be a time of great rejoicing for those who have been faithful. There is no learning how to witness unless a person starts somehow. We would rather not speak of him. seeking to know the Master's will. "Are you planning on making it to Heaven?" The response to that question will give you the clue as to what to say next. We can bring joy to our Lord by the times we spend with Him in prayer and praise. at least. But for the one who has been slothful. open doors. the school. We would rather not think that any such thing could happen to one of the Lord's own servants. rejoicing that it is our privilege to be in His presence by this means for now. He expects each servant to use these talents. the church. His reference for the statement was this very Scripture. good works in obedience to the Lord's commands must accompany faith. opportunities. Though we are not saved by our works. you would have to call him a hypocrite of some sort. the neighborhood. or that faith is counterfeit. 24:51. If you can use that one talent in such a way that it will be a great blessing and joy to your Lord. "Spiritual indolence or inaction is as serious a sin as active wickedness. A Christian can witness to the lost simply by opening his mouth and asking. We see that his final end is to be thrown into outer darkness. Others have lesser abilities or financial means. that they might obey Him. It's a joy to think of the two servants here who were found faithful. God has entrusted great natural capabilities or financial means. our Lord created us for fellowship and communion with Himself. and wherever else the opportunity has been afforded! But the task of calling attention to the unfaithful servant is not a pleasant one. Most Christians can read and study God's Word. serious responsibilities. Whether limited to one talent or granted a large number of talents. the office. material means. On the other hand. responsibility. the factory. as well as to your fellow Christians and the unsaved. 2 Corinthians 5:10.Matthew servants. What joy to be found among the number who have been faithful in serving the Lord in the home. and joy in His Kingdom. somewhere. and later on to see Him face to face. all servants will appear before the judgment seat of Christ. this was not a hypocrite. this servant had not abused or misused his talent. as his master had ordered him. you can stand before the Lord with confidence. Remember. He was just slothful and fearful. And from this parable we are forewarned that this appearing will be a most serious matter. constantly giving excuses for not having served the Lord with zeal. And your Master will reward you with a large place of opportunity. God has given various gifts and opportunities to every servant. and every other means at hand for the furtherance of His message of salvation to a lost world. When a person is . It would appear that the person to whom God has given only one talent has the greatest opportunity of all to show himself faithful to his Lord.
Most of those orders are to be found in His message. what you make of what God has given you is very important to Him. But in the first place. and for His own good reasons and purposes. opportunities. God may be giving you a more difficult test with your one talent than those who have many. The person with only one talent is not to be jealous of the person with many. to die on the cross for your sins and mine. instead of for the glory of God and for the blessing of our fellowmen. you will receive a reward similar to those who have faithfully served with many talents. A person with lesser abilities and opportunities will never know what an impact he can make for God in this world unless he diligently uses the little he now has. God has entrusted to every one of us certain talents. Don't fail the test. Christ says we must be faithful to the end. Those with the five and the two talents in this parable would surely have been punished comparably to the unfaithful servant with the one talent. If it's easy and pleasant. you may be tempted to believe that your little help is not important. money. In God's wisdom. and few talents to others. And according to Christ's teaching here. look up and read Acts 5:32. He sent His Son. Does this mean you gain Heaven by good works? No. And the one with many talents is not to look down on the person with only one talent. don't count on Heaven if you are living at ease and are unfaithful to your responsibilities and opportunities. Don't rely on what you've done in the past. oh. The unfaithful servant is seen in the many who want and expect to go to Heaven. He has given many talents to some. Hebrews 5:9. Jesus. The whole world is in rebellion against God. because of what Christ has done for you. and therefore lost! They need to know what you know about Christ and His teachings. Jesus is Lord in that life. Romans 2:6-9. it's very important to your own future as to what you do with whatever you are and have. or had hidden them in fear.K. When He is actually Lord. Revelation 21:8. The person with many talents will have much more for which he will be held accountable to God at The Judgment than the person with only one talent. when such ultragreat rewards are obtainable?" Each person has at least one talent. One may rightfully ask. Now you can be forgiven. . 6:16. But the New Testament teaches thruout that after being forgiven you are now to become obedient—not only in a few things. or as surely as you now live. in serving to the extent of your abilities and opportunities. According to this teaching by Christ. 10:9-10. but in everything! In regard to the necessity of obedience to Christ if you are to be saved. the servant is quite willing and anxious to take orders from Him. And when man sinned by disobeying God. if they had invested and used their talents selfishly. There will be the temptation to use one's many talents for personal gain. O. If you are a one-talent person. without concern about the great needs everywhere that could use their involvement. you will receive the judgment Christ warns of here. But they love their ease and their freedom to do just what they want to do. but they will not go out of their way to serve Christ. are you working now as one ought to work. They consist of abilities.Matthew honestly born again. May the day of His appearing be a crowning day for you. But. But from the beginning God demanded obedience. the joy there will be for all who have invested their time and talents wisely and faithfully for the glory of God. and whatever other blessings we have or will have in life. But if you are faithful to the end. "With the end results promised.
God is always with you to help. since you did it for one of the least important of these brothers of mine. I was in prison. The unfaithful servant was called wicked and lazy.‟ 37“Then the righteous will say to him. you who have been blessed by my Father! Inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. Ezek 34:17. and to help you live and serve as He demands. „I tell all of you with certainty. Wickedness does not consist of only the wrong you may do. and you welcomed me. you can't fail. it will be judged just as severely. Who is being judged here? Nations. is wickedness.Matthew and about salvation thru Him! According to Matthew 28:18-20. To be lazy. and little concerned about warning the lost.) 33He will put the sheep on his right but the goats on his left. No. We will call it the Sheep and Goat judgment. or thirsty and give you something to drink? 38When did we see you as a stranger and welcome you. like a shepherd separates sheep from goats. or see you naked and clothe you? 39When did we see you sick or in prison. „Come. As we see here. Your reward will be great if you are faithful to the end—but your punishment will be horrendous if you are lazy and disobedient. Revelation 21:8. The man's excuse was. Negative evil—failing or refusing to do what Christ has commanded you to do—is just as sinful. 32All the nations will be assembled in front of him. and you gave me something to eat. he will sit on his glorious throne.) 34“Then the king will say to those on his right. If you sincerely ask for God's help. not to be confused with the Great White Throne judgment which comes at the end of the Millennium.) 41“Then he will say to those on his left. „Lord. And He's promised to always be with you. „Get away from me. that He's expecting too much. I was afraid. You are not on your own. and visit you?‟ 40The king will answer them. I was sick. God gives the same warning to cowards today. you and I are responsible before God to tell them.‟ (Whatever is done for one of His disciples is rewarded as being done to Himself. (Cf. 35because I was hungry. and you took care of me. and he will cull them out. one from another. And look what happened to them. and you visited me. I was a stranger. He's only demanding right living and right use of what He's given you. you who are accursed. to forgive. Numbers 13 and 14. (This is one of three major judgments in the Scripture. Use your talents fully in doing so! And don't stop until your last day on earth! A Christian must never retire from talking to others about their eternal destination. See Philippians 2:1213. You may think that God's demands are too great. and you clothed me. into the eternal . and you gave me something to drink. when did we see you hungry and give you something to eat. Is that also your excuse for not witnessing? That was the excuse the Israelites used for not obeying God's orders to march in and possess the promised land. And such wickedness will be severely judged by God. into outer darkness. you did it for me. 36I was naked. Romans 10:9-10.) The Judgment of the Nations 31“When the Son of Man comes in his glory and all the angels are with him. I was thirsty.
Always remember. This does not mean that those already with Christ at this time did not need to extend mercy to others to be saved. The same One who taught eternal life taught eternal punishment. Cf 1 Tim 1:17. 8:24. But if people willfully refuse life. but as you read them all you will begin to see the picture. Read Daniel. 12. chapters 7. and does something about it.‟ 46These people will go away into eternal punishment. when did we see you hungry or thirsty or as a stranger or naked or sick or in prison and didn‟t help you?‟ 45Then he will say to them. they necessarily choose death. The account here of God's judgment is not a full account of details. Since the same word for eternal is used to describe each. Those who are here said to have been kind to Christ's people are not promised the Kingdom of Heaven. and that you read them over several times. If they were truly born again they were people who lived to please God in every way. I was thirsty. Some believe this is a judgment of those who will still be alive on earth after the great wars and tribulation of the end time. life on earth is as bad it gets.‟ 44“Then they will reply. it is inconsistent to accept one without the other. Luke 16:19-31. and you didn‟t welcome me. 25.” (For believers. and you gave me nothing to drink. or highlight them. both physical and spiritual needs. life here on earth is as good as it gets. both Christians and Jews. Matt 25:41. 18. since you didn‟t do it for one of the least important of these. who were persecuted by Antichrist during the last 3½ years of this age. „Lord. The accounts in these verses are not in sequence. there is no word in the Greek language to convey the meaning. and you didn‟t visit me. and it's the Lord who will repay you. 11:32-34. And one indication that a person is truly born again is that he is concerned about the needs of others. God's people will have gone to meet Christ in the air as He was returning. hell was not originally intended for the human race. for those who refuse Jesus as their Savior. 18:23-35. 21-22. I was naked. I was sick and in prison. and you gave me nothing to eat. 20:10-15. but the punishment given those who showed no mercy will no doubt be the same Hell that all who opposed and ignored God thruout the ages will experience. 43I was a stranger. So they will not be included in this judgment. A great . 12:7. If the word translated eternal does not mean everlasting. but it gives an indication of the criterion which will govern the verdicts. Revelation 14:9-11. Hell is said to be of the same duration as heaven. These verses tell of the great conflict that will rage between God's people and the Antichrist in the last years of the age. and you didn‟t clothe me. both the physically and spiritually poor. „I tell all of you with certainty. We suggest that you underline these verses in your Bible. 8. you are lending to the Lord. Matthew 24:29-31. Matthew 13:41-42. 6:12-15. Matthew 5:7. 11. The kind of everlasting life these righteous ones will experience on earth is not explained. and especially verses 7:9-11. 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17. but the righteous will go into eternal life. when you help the poor.) 42Here‟s why: I was hungry. They will be the citizens of the new kingdom God long ago planned for earth. you didn‟t do it for me. But we know that it does mean everlasting because it is used to describe the eternality of God. They are the people who had shown mercy to God's people.Matthew fire that has been prepared for the devil and his angels! (God's desire is that men should be blessed. Proverbs 19:17.
that sinners who had died before Christ returns will not be included in the judgment described in this Scripture. However. The rest of the dead did not come back to life again until the end of the thousand years. These will live in the Heavenly Jerusalem. The individuals sent from the Lord's presence at this time into everlasting fire will be those who had mistreated the Jews and Christians during the time of the Great Tribulation. God's Kingdom on earth will not be populated by those who are with the Lord in the Heavenly Jerusalem. Even if the Rapture of the Church should take place before the Great Tribulation. it is the judgment of all persons still alive on the earth at the time of Christ's return. God does not cast entire nations into Hell. It is safe to conclude. it cannot be the final judgment of the wicked. Cf Revelation 13:16-18. individual persons will be judged on an individual basis. The final judgment of the wicked dead will come one thousand years later. It appears quite definitely that the purpose of the judgment mentioned in these verses is to determine who among those still alive on the earth after the Tribulation. as they will already be with Christ. Revelation 20:11-15. 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18. So no Christian or Old Testament saint will be included in this judgment. the Antichrist. It will be difficult. no one who receives this mark and cooperates with Antichrist will have any part in God's Kingdom. And who are the Lord's brothers and sisters? No doubt they will include the Jews and Christians who will go thru the Great Tribulation. Rather. since this judgment will take place when the Son of Man comes in His glory. What criterion will the Lord use at this judgment to judge individuals? The apparent basis will be as to how each one has treated the Lord's brothers and sisters during the time of the Great Tribulation. and after Christ's true followers have been transported to Heaven. All of God's people who have died will be resurrected to meet Christ in the air when He returns. then. But the earth will be repopulated by those who had been good to God's people. The final judgment of the wicked is to take place at the end of the first thousand years of Christ's reign on earth—the Millennium. there will still be persons converted to Christ during the time of the Tribulation. and who had not taken the mark of the beast during the time of the reign of the Satan-inspired man. Many have believed this picture to be of the great and final judgment of the wicked. Read Revelation 20. As the Scriptures warn. to buy or sell thru ordinary channels during part or all of the . Although all nations will be gathered before the Lord for this judgment. if not next to impossible. As far as the wicked dead are concerned. Revelation 20:5. are worthy to become subjects in Christ's great new Kingdom on earth. They will be the people who had cooperated with Antichrist and had received his mark on their hand or forehead. 14:9-11. with Jesus Christ seated as Judge.Matthew judgment is pictured in these verses. 22:1-5. So it appears that the basis for the Lord's judgment upon these people will be based upon their treatment of the Jews and Christians during that last terrible time of testing. together with those of His who are still alive on the earth. or had refused to help them. The Lord does not promise Heaven to these friends of the Jews and Christians on the basis of their friendship. Revelation 21:9-27. He saves the righteous among them. Only as these individuals are converted to Christ as Lord and Savior during the Millennium is it probable that eternal life will be theirs. Revelation 14:9-11.
They should have been the first to recognize and to enthrone Him. or even of sustaining life—will lose his soul. there‟ll be a riot among the people. Malachi 3:1-5.) Matthew 26 The Plot to Kill Jesus (Mark 14:1-2. The Paschal Lamb had at last arrived and would soon be slain. and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified. John 11:45-53) 1When Jesus had finished saying all these things.” (Jesus predicted His suffering and death several times. and anti-Christian. 5But they kept saying. Mark 6:11. Luke 22:1-2.Matthew Tribulation period without the mark of the beast. but not in the Heavenly Jerusalem. Jude 3-4.) 4They conspired to arrest Jesus by treachery and to kill him. “This must not happen during the festival. The eternal life received by those who are declared righteous at this judgment will no doubt be eternal life on the earth. who was named Caiaphas. (―Caiaphas‖: A Roman appointee. (The custom was to recline on couches while eating. 22:15. Annas was actually the Aaronic heir to that role. Instead. This year the Passover would find its true meaning. anti-Jew. It appears to be Jesus‘ favorite place to stay. At least. this is the immediate promise Christ will give them. But to accept that mark will ultimately result in judgment and Hell. he told his disciples. John 12:3 states that the woman poured the perfume on His feet. Otherwise. She no doubt did both. antiChrist. Revelation 21:9-27.” (It is incredible that Israel's religious leaders took the lead in plotting the death of their Messiah.) 7a woman came to him with an alabaster jar of very expensive perfume and poured it on his head while he sat at the table. they formed the vanguard of His enemies. Caiaphas is the power figure on the Jewish side. the beast. will be anti-God.) 3Then the high priests and the elders of the people assembled in the courtyard of the high priest. The reign of Antichrist. but Romans had entrenched the politics of that day. See also Daniel 7:9-10. 2“You know that the Passover will take place in two days. Passover was one of the feast which was required for every able-bodied male to celebrate it in Jerusalem. tourists from all over. 13-15. So Jerusalem at this time would be crowded with strangers.) A Woman Anoints Jesus (Mark 14:3-9. This is the last time. John 12:1-8) 6While Jesus was in Bethany at the home of Simon the leper. And God warns that anyone who has any part with the Antichrist— accepting his mark or number in their forehead or in their right hand for the necessary and legitimate purposes of doing business. as John 12:3 indicates she had a . (Bethany had the unique distinction of being within a Sabbath-day‘s journey from Jerusalem.
Believing the Lord's predictions concerning His death. saying. Cf. Gold. This gift to Him makes us realize that she understood His prediction. But only once in the world's history could the Savior be anointed for burial. This is a higher calling.” (Any act of true worship fills the courts of heaven with fragrance and is indelibly recorded in the Lord's memory.Matthew large amount.) Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus (Mark 14:10-11. she was preparing me for burial. while John is emphasizing the Lord‘s deity. Jesus asked them. Frankincense. Her mind is on Him and she lavished all that she had on Him. and Myrrh. that there was nothing too good for Him. the sister of Martha. (She is worshiping Her Lord. The costliness of her sacrifice expressed the depth of her devotion for the Lord Jesus. Cf Song of Solomon 1:3. Luke 22:3-6) 14Then one of the Twelve. 12When she poured this perfume on my body. This woman is Mary. A denari was a minimum day‘s wage. Gold: deity. “What are you willing to give me if I betray Jesus to you?” They offered him 30 pieces of silver. in effect. This particular ointment could have been sold for 300 denari. she was right.” 10But knowing this. Myrrh: suffering and death.) 8But when the disciples saw this. Those women who planned to anoint His body after His burial were thwarted by the resurrection. “Why this waste? (From John we learn that it was Judas who was raising such a fuss.) 15and inquired. It is striking to note the contrast between the woman who anointed Jesus at . who was called Judas Iscariot. Frankincense: priesthood. (The poor can be helped at any time. Cf Mar 16:1-6). she must have realized it was now or never.) 11You‟ll always have the destitute with you. Remember the three gifts that the wise men brought Jesus at His birth. he was a Judean. Complementary insights. so he emphasizes the fact that she anointed His feet. they became irritated and said. Myrrh was a burial ointment. The priests paid him on the spot—the contemptible total of about fifteen dollars. went to the high priests (―Iscariot‖ means ―ish‖ – man. “Why are you bothering the woman? She has done a beautiful thing for me. but you‟ll not always have me. The only one of the twelve that was not a Galilean. so it‘s His head. each speaking of one of His offices. ―carioth‖ . The perfume would presumably be myrrh. therefore basically 300 man -day‘s of labor. wherever this gospel is proclaimed throughout the whole world. That moment had struck and one lone woman with spiritual discernment had seized it. See also Matt 27:3-4.) 13I tell all of you with certainty.city in Judea. (Ex 3: The price of a servant was 30 pieces of silver. Matthew is emphasizing the Lord‘s Kingship. what she has done will also be told as a memorial to her. Zech 11:12-13.) 9Surely this perfume could‟ve been sold for a high price and the money given to the destitute. Somehow she assembled this enormous amount of savings to buy this unique and symbolic gift. John 12:4. As it turned out. very expensive stuff. (Jesus explains to the disciples why Mary anointed Him.
Cf. John 12:21-30) 17On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread. Yet that does not release Judas from his sin. “Go to a certain man in the city and say to him. Cf. “You have said so. designed to foil the conspirators. and they prepared the Passover meal. Daniel 9:26. The tabernacle. “I tell all of you with certainty. the anniversary of Noah‘s exit from the ark!) 19So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them. one of you is going to betray me.) The Passover with the Disciples (Mark 14:12-21.” (Rabbi is Heb. John 13:30. “Rabbi.”‟” (The undertones seem to imply a password. “The man who has dipped his hand into the bowl with me will betray me. Luke 24:25-27. In Ex 12 it lays out the Passover commitments. Lord?” 23He replied. “My time is near. I‟m not the one.) . which means that Noah exited the ark on the same month that is now called ―Nisan. both here and in the garden later. She valued the Savior highly. he said. Noah leaves the ark on the 17th day of the 7th month.) 18He said. also noting the change of the Hebrew calendar. Jesus was sitting at the table with the Twelve. 21-23. 41:9. couldn‘t Judas argue that it was his destiny to betray Jesus? Was Judas accountable? Yes. who was going to betray him. a prearranged setting. Isaiah 52:14. (According to John 13:21-26. Silver symbolizes blood. Jesus evidently said this privately to John.Matthew Simon's home and Judas. I will celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house. 45-47. How terrible it will be for that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for him if he had never been born. just as it has been written about him.. “Where do you want us to make preparations for you to eat the Passover meal?” (What thoughts must have flooded the mind of the Lord at this time! Every detail of the meal would have poignant significance. Zechariah 12:10. 20When evening came. the redemption shekel. Notice that Judas does not call Him Lord. the disciples approached Jesus and asked.” 22Feeling deeply distressed. He was resurrected 3 days later on the 17th of Nisan. Passover commemorates the passing over of the angel of death during the last plague in Egypt.) 25Then Judas. am I?” Jesus told him. Judas valued Him lightly. „The Teacher says. asked.) 24The Son of Man is going away.‖ Jesus was crucified on the 14th of Nisan. each one began to ask him. for Master and/or Teacher.. We can therefore conclude that he was not present when the Lord's Supper was instituted. Luke 22:7-14. What a privilege for this anonymous man to lend his house for this final Passover! 14th of Nisan is when Passover is celebrated. Cf Psalm 22:1-22.. “Surely I am not the one.” (Jesus notes that His death and betrayal were prophesied. When the 7th month becomes the first month.) 16and from then on he began to look for an opportunity to betray Jesus. 53:1-12. (The leaders are trying to find a way to take Jesus quietly so there is not a big public uproar. At this point we infer that Judas leaves. 21While they were eating. Complicated issue.
There is little doubt that the Lord used unleavened bread and fermented wine as all wine in those days was fermented. The Passover meal has four cups: the cup of the bringing out.) 28because this is my blood of the new covenant that is being poured out for many people for the forgiveness of sins. After Jesus told His disciples that they must eat of His flesh and drink of His blood. and set of regulations—the New Testament. “Take this and eat it. It is a tragedy when we become so occupied with the elements that we fail to see the Lord Himself.‖ referring to the Passover Lamb. (―Blood of the New Covenant‖: The blood that seals the new declaration of God's will. purpose. Luke 22:15-20) 26While they were eating. 15. See 1 Cor 5:7-8. that Jesus does this with. The Lord‘s supper links Jesus‘ two comings: 1 Cor 11:26. This Passover is unfinished. John 13:36-38) . “Drink from it. 16. Then he broke it in pieces and handed it to the disciples. The fourth cup will occur at the Marriage supper of the Lamb. saying. as He was standing in front of them. and gave it to them.” (They are used to saying ―the body. all of you.) 29I tell all of you I will never again drink the product of the vine until that day when I drink it with you once again in my Father‟s kingdom. leaven is a picture of sin.” (Note that for Jesus this leaves this Passover unfinished as He stops with the third cup. but Jesus is saying this is ―my‖ body.) 27Then he took a cup.) Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial (Mark 14:27-31. fermented or unfermented wine for the Lord's Supper. Psalm 115-118. ―Hymn‖: Some scholars believe that they sang Psalm 135. This is my body. Note verse 29. He said that the words that He spoke were spirit and life. Paul emphasized that it is the spiritual meaning of the bread. saying. Those who argue that leavened bread spoils the type. It is believed that these trees are from the same root system that very likely was Gethesmane. Cf John 6:63. not the bread itself that counts. The upper room : Cf. John 14. Luke 22:31-34. Jesus took a loaf of bread and blessed it. should realize that the same is true of fermentation. The question is often raised whether we should use leavened or unleavened bread. It is not the leaven in the bread that matters. (Grape juice or wine? Too early in the season for unfermented grapes. the cup of blessing. His words were spiritual. they went out to the Mount of Olives. On the way to the Mount of Olives. they get there about verse 36. the cup of blessing or redeeming. This could not have been Jesus‘ literal blood. 17. but the leaven in our lives!) 30After singing a hymn. the cup of the delivery. the cup of the taking. This can only have been a symbolic statement. (Right at the base of the Mount of Olives today there are Olive groves. more widely held view suggests that they sang the Halellel Psalms. The bread was obviously not His physical body. gave thanks.Matthew The Lord’s Supper (Mark 14:22-26. It is the third cup. because He was present with them.
that is. ―My Father. you will deny me three times. “I‟m so deeply grieved that I feel I‟m about to die. „I will strike the shepherd.) 33But Peter told him.) 40When he went back to the disciples. Left eight behind. something that would crush the olives to squeeze the oil out of them. we see Him as victorious. “I tell you with certainty. the sinless Savior.‖ Oil is a symbol of the Holy Spirit. he fell on his face and prayed.” (Olive trees are grown for their oil. He told the disciples. he found them asleep. (They were sincere. By this eloquent silence we know that there was no other way for God to justify guilty sinners than for Christ. it was not intended to elicit an answer but to teach us a lesson. if there is any other way by which ungodly sinners can be saved than by My going to the cross.” (―cup‖: What cup? The cup of God‘s indignation against sin. Cf 2 Cor 5:21. let this cup pass from me. you men . I want it known that I desire nothing contrary to Your will. He was not asking to be delivered from going to the cross. The press was called a ―Gethsemane. We who are sinful cannot conceive what it meant to Him. Jesus was saying in effect. Zech 13:7) 32However. to be made sin for us. I certainly won‟t!” (Failure in our strong suit!) 34Jesus told him. Mary is the only one that we have any evidence of that she understood that He was to die. “Even if I have to die with you. the heavens were silent. after I have been raised. “O my Father. the Sinless One. That was the very purpose of His coming into the world! The prayer was rhetorical.” (The disciples must be confused. They would put the olives into a press. if it is possible. Wait here and stay awake with me. reveal that way now! But in all of this. Luke 22:39-46) 36Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane. we should remember His words in Joh 12:27-28. “Even if everyone else turns against you. (James and John.‟ (Cf. and the sheep of the flock will be scattered. because it is written. Might this suggest that different disciples have different capacities for empathizing with the Savior in His agony? It is hard for us to see Jesus depressed.” 39Going on a little farther. He told Peter. “Sit down here while I go over there and pray. I will never deny you!” And all the disciples said the same thing.‖ What was the answer? There was none.Matthew 31Then Jesus told them. Lest we think this prayer expressed reluctance or a desire to turn back. “So.) Jesus Prays in the Garden of Gethsemane (Mark 14:32-42.” 35Peter told him. It was just that they didn't know their own hearts.) 37Taking Peter and the two sons of Zebedee with him. Why is He depressed? He understands what His mission is. before a rooster crows this very night. what is coming. Yet not what I want but what you want. now He talks of being raised up. I will go to Galilee ahead of you. “All of you will turn against me this very night.) 38Then he told them. they meant what they said. They don‘t even realize that He is going to die. In praying that the cup might pass from Him. he began to be grieved and troubled. to die as our Substitute.
but the body is weak. we sleep better than we pray.” (People customarily greeted their friends with a kiss. 13:38.Matthew couldn‟t stay awake with me for one hour. because they could not keep their eyes open. while Jesus was still speaking. Real praying is a costly exercise but it pays far more than it costs. if this cup cannot go away unless I drink it. saying the same thing. The universal . Look! The time is near for the Son of Man to be betrayed into the hands of sinners.” (He was necessarily alone in His prayer life. one of the Twelve. Judas. Because if there was some other way for a man to get access to the throne of God in Heaven. Luke 22:44. 39. his flesh would not have stumbled later that evening. than prayer? This explains why far too many of us are busy in attempting great things for God. He taught the disciples to pray. “You might as well keep on sleeping and resting.) 43Then he came back and found them asleep. let your will be done. “The one I kiss is the man. if there is any other way for man to be saved.) 42He went away a second time and prayed. 46Get up! Let‟s go! See. John 18:3-12) 47Just then. Perhaps the weapons symbolized the determination of the chief priests and elders to capture Him without any possibility of escape. Perhaps if Peter had been praying.) Jesus is Arrested (Mark 14:43-50. the one who is betraying me is near!” (―Get up! Let‘s go!‖—not in retreat but to face the foe. arrived. saying. could you? (We dare not condemn them when we think of our own prayer lives. 44After leaving them again.) 45Then he came back to the disciples and told them. Surely the weapons were not Judas's idea. and He prayed in their presence.” (―that you won‘t be tempted‖: … to lose faith in Me when I die. A large crowd armed with swords and clubs was with him. Do you ever get that wistful feeling that there are other things more effective. They were from the high priests and elders of the people. His anxiety was so intense that He sweated drops of blood. then Jesus Christ‘s prayer was not answered and His death was in vain! Acts 4:12. he went away and prayed again for the third time. This proves that there is no other way for man to be saved except by the Lord Jesus Christ. The uniqueness of His Person and work precluded others from sharing in His prayer life. he had never seen the Savior resist or fight back. but He never prayed with them. Luke 22:47-53. It is not easy work but it is most profitable of all work. (Judas came in first to identify Jesus. and our minds wander when they should be watching. rather than expecting great things from God in a humble attitude of prayer. Arrest him. (Three times the Lord Jesus Christ begged the Father. even more desirable.) 48Now the betrayer personally had given them a signal.) 41All of you must stay awake and pray that you won‟t be tempted. “My Father. anything but the cross. The spirit is indeed willing. We can accomplish more by time and strength put into prayer than we can by putting the same amount of time and strength into anything else.
not purely defensive. and self-giving devotion of a good soldier in his description of dedicated Christian life.) 49So Judas immediately went up to Jesus and said. Cf Acts 10:2. The first.) 51Suddenly. See 2 Tim 2:3-4. he reminded the Roman Christians that God had given the sword to the king who did not bear it in vain. Indeed. (―one of the men with Jesus‖: We know this to be Peter from John 18:10. (―Friend‖ is actually companion. and he would send me more than twelve legions of angels now? (A Roman legion equaled more than 6.) 50Jesus asked him. one of the men with Jesus reached out his hand.Matthew symbol of love was to be prostituted to its lowest use. then. John never told them to leave the army. it was not clearly an act of self-defense.) 52Jesus told him. It is unlikely that Peter had aimed for the ear. it does not endorse its use for spiritual ends. Abraham was blessed by the Most High God after engaging in a war against the unjust aggression of the kings who had captured his nephew Lot. not by the church. Two different words for kiss are used in this passage. why are you here?” Then the other men surged forward. That his aim was as poor as his judgment must be attributed to divine Providence. He will come with the armies of heaven and will war against the kings of the earth. Second. That is. from the beginning to the end. The apostles responded saying that they had two swords. “Put your sword back in its place! Everyone who uses a sword will be killed by a sword. Cf Rev. Rabbi. He was called a devout man. Cf Rom. commitment. When Jesus returns to earth. cutting off his ear. Cf Acts 23. (Is Jesus advocating pacifism in this passage? Total pacifism is not taught in this Scripture. His life was not being unjustly threatened. not Lord. No doubt the question came with scalding power to Judas. took hold of Jesus. Rabbi!” and kissed him tenderly. Peter‘s use was aggressive.) 53Don‟t you think that I could call on my Father. Not the same word as calling the disciples ―friends‖ in the Upper Room discourse. and the Scriptures say that the Lord heard the prayers of Cornelius. Jesus appears to have endorsed the use of the sword in civil self-defense . Christ says that the one who has no sword should sell his robe and buy one. the Bible is filled with examples of the justification of war against evil aggressors. was a centurion. 22:2. In Luke 3:14. in Luke 22:36–38. 13:1–4. Peter does not tell him to leave the army. When Cornelius becomes a Christian. But in verse 49 a stronger word is used. in Acts 10. expressing repeated or demonstrative kissing. and struck the high priest‟s servant. Also. So. (Note that he calls Him.Luke 22:36. soldiers come to inquire of John the Baptist about what they should do.000 . Cornelius. drew his sword. 19:11–19. The mob surged in and seized the Lord Jesus without delay. “Hello. he had doubtless planned a mortal blow.‖ In other words. What. First. Indeed. and arrested him. while the Bible permits the sword by the government for civil purposes. is the usual word for kiss. Jesus responded saying that ―it was enough. they did not need to get rid of their swords. Cf Ex. did Jesus mean when He commanded Peter to put away his sword? Peter was making two mistakes in using his sword. Cf Gen 14:19. 4. Likewise. It is to be used by the state. The Apostle Paul accepted the protection of the Roman army to save his life from unjust aggressors. in verse 48. as did the Apostle Paul in Acts 23. Paul frequently draws analogies from the obligation. but events were moving fast now. “Friend.
John 18:13-14. John 18:3. It was illegal to conduct a session of the court on a feast day. Jesus offered none. Jesus asked the crowds. Luke 22:54-55. .000 Assyrians one evening after dinner!) 54How.) 58Peter. John 18:5. could be conducted at night. John 18:13. Almost every detail of this trial is illegal. Remember that one angel slaughtered 185. It was the duty of a judge to see that the interest of the accused was fully protected. 19-24) 57Those who had arrested Jesus took him to Caiaphas. A guilty verdict was rendered without evidence. would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say this must happen?” 55At this point. but Gentiles brought Him into Caiphas‘ hands.) Jesus is Tried before the High Priest (Mark 14:53-65. The judges sought false witnesses against Jesus. John 18:12. When the witnesses first disagreed. The binding of a prisoner before he was condemned was unlawful unless resistance was offered or expected. John 18:28. Basically a Jewish issue. the prisoner should have been released. In a Jewish court the accused was to be assumed innocent until proved guilty by two or more witnesses. (Caiphas is the Jewish leader appointed by Rome. The arrest was effected through the agency of an informer and traitor. Matthew 26:59. John 18:3. but the law demanded it be pronounced in the temple. including a trial. John 11:53. They had not yet been indwelt by the Holy Spirit. It was illegal for judges to participate in the arrest of the accused. While an acquittal could be pronounced the same day. where the scribes and the elders had assembled. Lev 21:10. Matthew 26:65.23. yet you didn‟t arrest me. He was never permitted to tear his official robe. John 18:14. Preliminary hearings before a magistrate were completely foreign to the Jewish legal system. The balloting was illegal. The Jews failed to find two witnesses agreeing against Jesus. John 18:28. No witness was ever called for the defense. John 18:22. Cf. John 18:13-16.” Then all the disciples deserted Jesus and ran away. (Humanly speaking. Ex 23:6-8. their behavior was irrational. “Have you come out with swords and clubs to arrest me as if I were a bandit? Day after day I sat teaching in the Temple. ours is more so.Matthew men. It was illegal to carry weapons on a feast day. Matthew 26:66. It should have been by roll with the youngest voting first. Here it is simultaneous. the high priest. we have. The sentence in finally passed in the palace of the high priest. The Court lacked the civil authority to condemn a man to death. The high priest rends his garment.66.) 56But all of this has happened so that the writings of the prophets might be fulfilled. Mark 14:59. then. John 18:31. The use of violence during the trial was apparently unopposed by the judges. Matt hew 26:63-65. any other verdict required a majority of two and had to come on a subsequent day.24. No legal transactions. in the hall of hewn stone. John 18:30. No prisoner could be convicted on his own evidence. Mark 14:56. Mark 14:56-59. (If their cowardice was inexcusable. 63-71. John 18:28. The trial under Caiaphas took place in his home rather than the council chamber where it should have been held. Matthew 26:65.
) 66What is your verdict?” They replied. Cf Ps 27:12) 61and stated. the high priest stood up and asked Jesus. which states that the High Priest must never tear his clothes. keeping his distance yet watching what happens. He went inside and sat down with the servants to see how this would end.) 59Meanwhile. irritated by His silence. (Peter is curious. You see Me in the days of My humiliation. I appear to be just another man. yet they found none. referring to the Jews as representative of those Israelites living at the time of Christ's glorious appearing.) 63But Jesus was silent. Cf. he couldn‘t have put Christ under oath. “This man said. The problem with this logic is that it is self-incrimination. The second and third you is plural. sitting at His right hand and coming on the clouds of heaven. the Son of God!” (Fulfilling Isa 53:7. even though many false witnesses had come forward. pressed Him for a statement. “He has blasphemed! Why do we still need witnesses? Listen! You yourselves have just heard the blasphemy! (High Priest violated Lev 21:10. How? They could never agree. “Don‟t you have any answer to what these men are testifying against you?” (The high priest. ―I am the Christ. Some slapped him. The only time He speaks is when He is legally required to under oath. My glory is presently veiled in a human body. Then the high priest told him. equal in all respects with God. “He deserves to die!” 67Then they spit in his face and hit him. “I command you by the living God to tell us if you are the Messiah.) 64Jesus told him. John 18:15-18. At last two men came forward (Many false witnesses. Ps 110:1. The High Priest understood that Jesus was claiming to be God. If the high priest did not have on his priestly robe. Cf John 2:19-21. But the day is coming when you Jews will see Me as the glorified One.Matthew however.) Peter Denies Jesus (Mark 14:66-72. ―I command you by the living God. He had been predicting His own death and subsequent resurrection. Dan 7:13) 65Then the high priest tore his robes and said. from now on you will see „the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power‟ and „coming on the clouds of heaven..) 62At this. Luke 22:56-62. you Messiah! Who hit you?” (The entire proceeding was not only un-juridical. referring to Caiaphas. 60But they couldn‟t find any. 25-27) . which is also in Jewish law that your testimony could not be used against you.‖ this puts Jesus under oath. In fact.‖ In verse 64 the first you is singular. „I can destroy the sanctuary of God and rebuild it in three days. The Jews now used that prediction as an excuse for killing Him.‟” (A misquote. as you have said. 68saying. “You have said so. the Son of God.. the high priests and the whole Council were looking for false testimony against Jesus in order to have him put to death. who will clearly see that He is the Son of God. “Prophesy to us. followed him at a distance as far as the high priest‟s courtyard. but scandalous.‟” (In essence He was saying. Nevertheless I tell you.
(The familiar sound pierced not only the quiet of the early hours but Peter's heart as well. Luke. were with Jesus the Galilean. In Mark. another young woman: Mat 26:71-72. all the high priests and elders of the people conspired against Jesus to put him to death. see also Luk 22:34. you will deny me three times. This whole trial was not only illegal by Jewish law. (The arrest and trial of Chapter 26 was at night. Mar 14:69-70. There is a seeming contradiction in the Gospels concerning the number and timing of the denials.) Matthew 27 Jesus is Taken to Pilate (Mark 15:1. “I don‟t know the man!” (―The Man‖ was his Master. the punishment for which was a capital crime. . ―before a rooster crows. They were a Province of Judea under the rulership of Rome. an Idumaean. Possibly there was more than one rooster crowing.‖ Cf Mat 26:34. Mar 14:66-68.” 70But he denied it in front of them all. the people who were standing there came up and told Peter. “Before a rooster crows. Also it is possible that the Gospels record at least six different denials by Peter. In Gen 49:10. The person who was guilty for blasphemy was to be put to death and they did not have the power to put anyone to death. 75Peter remembered the words of Jesus when he said. another man: Luk 22:59-60. you will deny me three times. the prediction is. ―I saw you in the garden with him. another woman saw him and told those who were there. “I don‟t know what you‟re talking about!” he exclaimed. Just then a rooster crowed. They wanted to put Jesus to death. The Jewish authorities lost the power of capital punishment many years before. 4.” 72Again he denied it and swore with an oath. too. 6. but in some sense. means that their authority.Matthew 69Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard when a servant girl came up to him and said. They had to politic their way to get Jesus put to death. one during the night and another at dawn. a man: Luk 22:58. 74Then he began to curse violently. John 18:28-32) 1When morning came. didn't I?‖ The others are not described as saying this. the crowd that stood by: Mat 26:73-74.) 71As he went out to the gateway.” (The Galileans had a particular dialect). Mar 14:70-71.. “You. In Matthew.” Then he went outside and cried bitterly. 3. you‟ll deny me three times. a servant of the high priest: John 18:26-27. 5.before a rooster crows twice. and John. by the name of Herod. a young woman: Mat 26:69-70. “This man was with Jesus from Nazareth. He denied Christ before: 1. a non-Jew. “I don‟t know the man!” he swore solemnly. ―. because your accent gives you away.. of no practical value because they were attempting to try Him for blasphemy. (Peter's darkest hour had now arrived.‖ Cf Mar 14:30. but had no legal authority to do so.) 73After a little while. 2. Joh 13:38. Luke 23:1-2. Jesus is reported as saying. “Obviously you‟re also one of them. We believe this last man is different from the others because he said. Rome put in a puppet king.
‖ Cf Mat 27:5 & Luk 10:37. because it is blood money. he looked for another and found ―Go and do thou likewise. “It is not lawful to put this into the Temple treasury. (There is a classic story about a man who was thumbing through his Bible looking for a verse and found ―Judas went out and hanged himself. He brought the 30 pieces of silver back to the high priests and elders. who had betrayed him. Zech 11:12-13 which predicts that Jesus would be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver and that the transaction would occur in the House of God. There was a time when they lost their authority for capital punishment. ran away. Cf. This is the very thing one would expect of someone who hanged himself from a tree over a cliff and fell on sharp rocks below.) 6The high priests picked up the pieces of silver and said.) 5Then he flung the pieces of silver into the sanctuary. Whenever someone came to Jerusalem and died. and handed him over to Pontius Pilate. 4saying. regretted what had happened when he saw that Jesus was condemned. However. Though their hatred of everything Roman was intense. were the guilty ones who paid that money to have the Messiah turned over to them. Shiloh. Thus. led him away. went outside. (―Pontius Pilate‖ was the direct Roman authority for the area. “What do we care? Attend to that yourself. the Book of Acts says that he fell and his body burst open.” (These arch conspirators who had cooperated so eagerly a few hours ago now refused to have any further part in the matter. and his body opened up at the middle and his intestines gushed out. they made the outside of the cup clean. treachery.‖ Not satisfied.” (The high priests. but inside it was full of deceit. This is one of the rewards of treachery.) 7So they decided to use the money to buy the Potter‟s Field as a burial ground for foreigners. they were willing to ―use‖ this power to satisfy a greater hatred. “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood. All prophesied around 800 years . However. Cf Acts 1:18. However.” But they replied. Judas hung himself exactly as Matthew affirms that he did. These accounts are not contradictory. This didn't seem to bother them. they bought the potter‘s field for this use. and hanged himself. (They could not use blood money for the Temple treasury. and that the money would end up in the hands of the potter.Matthew the sceptre. Opposition to Jesus unites the bitterest foes. at that time. they would have to pay for the burial. too ―spiritual‖ to put the money into the temple treasury because it was blood money. Did Judas die by hanging or by falling on rocks? Matthew declares that Judas hanged himself. As the Lord had said. the governor. and they mourned believing that the Messiah had not yet come as the verse had indicated. Jesus was growing up in Nazareth. they could prepay some expenses. would not be relinquished until the Messiah came. but mutually complementary. and murder.) 2They bound him with chains. The account in Acts simply adds that Judas fell.) The Death of Judas (Acts 1:18-19) 3Then Judas.
Luke 23:13-25.) Pilate Questions Jesus (Mark 15:2-5. but Zechariah. Almost as if Jeremiah is looking through this reference and prophesying against Jerusalem for some of the burdens they are going to bear as a result of what is happening. Another view. who tried to win popularity through building projects. predicting all these horrible things that would happen. so it was an idiom of library usage.e. Jesus was made to stand in front of the governor. The scroll of Jeremiah where that prophecy was found. he talks about the potter. Pilate is amazed at His silence. 13Then Pilate asked him.) 12While Jesus was being accused by the high priests and elders. because the prophecy that is there is not in Jeremiah.” (Many problems arise from this verse. They put in power Herod. the conquerors. unlike the last trial. 9Then what had been declared through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled when he said. 10and they gave them for the potter‟s field. was not in the writings of Jeremiah. that Zechariah was included in the scroll that included Jeremiah. “Don‟t you hear how many charges they‟re bringing against you?” 14But Jesus did not reply at all. (―every festival‖: i. and was recorded by Zechariah. The governor asked him. note that the verse says ―spoken by Jeremiah‖ it does not say written by Jeremiah. So one gimmick to win popularity was . (Jesus did not defend Himself.” (Can‘t help but think that Pilate‘s question is sarcastic as here he is as the seated authority of the world empire responsible for this territory. the prophecy was indeed spoken by Jeremiah. he made no reply. he then prophecies against the city of Jerusalem. John 18:39-19:16) 15At every festival the governor had a custom of releasing to the crowd any prisoner whom they wanted. Here Jesus answers Pilate. so that the governor was very surprised. but it was included in the scroll of Jeremiah. they were the oppressors. Cf. “Are you the king of the Jews?” Jesus said. In speaking of the potter. “They took the 30 pieces of silver. Isa 53:7. as the Lord commanded me. in Jeremiah chapters 17 to 19. Pilate is nervous about an insurrection. “You say so. Perhaps.) Jesus is Sentenced to Death (Mark 15:6-15. Many scholars will say that the scrolls of the Hebrew prophets were in such an order. Luke 23:3-5. The Romans were unwelcome. There were three feasts which required that every able-bodied male attend in Jerusalem of which the Passover Festival was one. it is in Zechariah 11:12-13. John 18:33-38) 11Meanwhile. Passover Festival.Matthew earlier!) 8That is why that field has been called the Field of Blood to this day. Another possibility. the value of the man on whom a price had been set by the Israelis. He did acknowledge who He was just as He did under oath before the Sanhedrin.
Matthew an amnesty.) 16At that time they were holding a notorious prisoner named Barabbas. “Have nothing to do with that righteous man. “Which of the two men do you want me to release for you?” “Barabbas!” they replied. (Claudia Procula . she had had a very disturbing dream about Him. When someone was guilty of blasphemy. when they see someone crucified. By Roman standards. What made the Romans so strong was their regard for discipline and law. they stoned him or her. They must have been bribed to do that. the Jews. 22Pilate asked them. Satanic pun involved?) 17So when the people had gathered.) 20But the high priests and elders persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to demand that Jesus be put to death. “Which man do you want me to release for you—Barabbas. So he took some water and washed his hands in front of the crowd. “Let him be crucified!” (This is a very strange request on the part of the Jewish crowd. ―Abba‖= The Father. ―Bar‖ = Son of. There is a bitter hatred between the Jews and the Romans.” (He was symbolizing that he was washing his hands of the whole affair. (―Barabbas‖: Some of the older manuscripts indicate his name was Jesus Barabbas. but that a riot was about to break out instead. We have no evidence of these being correct. not a Roman procedure. The pride of Rome was that you were under the protection of Rome. “Let his blood be on us and our children!” (Since then the . He was a man in a responsible position who refused to take responsible action. “Then what should I do with Jesus. Pilate was responsible to protect Him.) 19While he was sitting on the judge‟s seat. Deut 21. and another guy who is up due to some religious argument by the envious chief Priests. The Romans were also very superstitious. The form of capital punishment throughout the Old Testament and throughout Israel‘s history has been stoning. If they were seeking a religious execution they would plead for Him to be stoned. There's a lesson here for each of us as well. Cf.” (The proceedings were momentarily interrupted by a messenger from Pilate's wife.) 23He asked. “What has he done wrong?” But they kept shouting louder and louder.) 18He did this because he knew that they had handed him over out of jealousy. 2 Sam 3. Pilate asked them. Therefore. saying. Attend to that yourselves.tradition and legends hold that she was actually a Jewish gal who converts to be a Christian. which the Romans are trying to shame.) 24Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere. “I am innocent of this man‟s blood. his wife sent him a message that said. This is a Jewish procedure.) 25All the people answered. because today I have suffered terribly due to a dream I had about him. they would let the people pick one prisoner which they would release. She urged her husband to adopt a handsoff policy with regard to Jesus. Normally. Here is a guy who is a known felon. 21So the governor asked them. or Jesus who is called „the Messiah‟?” (This was Pilate‘s big hope. Pilate blew it! Why did he do it? He‘s frightened of an insurrection. Pilate had concluded and announced that Jesus was innocent. it is one of them. “Let him be crucified!” (Meaning ―Nail him to a cross!‖ It was too late to plead for calm deliberation. thinking he could absolve himself of responsibility by his inaction. who is called the Messiah?” They all said. Ps 26. mob hysteria had taken over.
(Probably several hundred men.) The Soldiers Make Fun of Jesus (Mark 15:16-20. In a symbolic Biblical sense. Luke 23:26-43. find their climax here at the crucifixion. But that robe has a message for us. when God curses the earth in Genesis 3. but found in Isaiah 50 is that they tore off His beard! Cf. the robe pictures our sins being placed on Jesus so that God's robe of righteousness might be placed on us.Matthew people of Israel have staggered from ghetto to pogrom. they placed it on his head and put a stick in his right hand. saying. Cf Heb 12:3.) 26Then he released Barabbas for them. What followed is hard to imagine! The Creator and Sustainer of the universe suffered unspeakable indignities from cruel.) 30Then they spit on him and took the stick and hit him repeatedly on his head. they stripped him of the robe. Isa 50:6) 31When they had finished making fun of him. the symbol of that curse is thorns. that curse is symbolically carried on the head of our Savior. Thus. They still face the fearsome Time of Jacob's Trouble—those seven years of tribulation described in Matthew 24 and Revelation 6-19. John 19:2-3) 27Then the governor‟s soldiers took Jesus into the imperial headquarters and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him. put his own clothes back on him. (… in imitation of a king's robe. Jesus bore it all patiently. Indeed.) 28They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him. Since scarlet is associated with sin . John 19:17-27) . Not described here in the New Testament. He didn't say a word. sinful creatures. from concentration camp to gas chamber. (A large leather whip with bits of sharp metal embedded in it was brought down across His back. “Long live the king of the Jews!” (Beyond their crude jest. Jesus is Crucified (Mark 15:21-32. ―crown of thorns‖: Meant to inflict pain and to make a mock symbol of authority. and led him away to crucify him. Cf Isaiah 52:14. (.. They didn't know that the hand that held that stick is the hand that rules the world.Isa 1:18. we understand that He wore a crown of thorns that we might wear a crown of glory. each lash opening up the flesh and releasing streams of blood. That nail-scarred hand of Jesus now holds the scepter of universal dominion. The curse will remain until they acknowledge the rejected Jesus as their Messiah-King. but he had Jesus whipped and handed over to be crucified. He bore the curse that was put on creation because of sin. Cf 2 Cor 5:21. They also gave Him a stick—a mock scepter. They knelt down in front of him and began making fun of him.) 29Twisting some thorns into a victor‟s crown. The crowns that start in Genesis. vulgar soldiers—His unworthy. Paintings of a ―suffering Savior‖ on the cross can never do justice to the agonies He suffered for us. suffering the awful guilt of the blood of their rejected Messiah.. driving the long thorns ever painfully deeper into His skull.
Luk 23:38. Because it is such a slow and agonizing process. or dwell on sordid details. they would not have sat down and kept watch. to get on with it. These soldiers apparently had no sense of history being made. However. It was not quick. specifically to be demeaning. It read. they do not want the bodies on the cross at sunset because the Passover is about to start. Thus. since it is getting on towards evening. in northern Africa. agonizing death. Cf. The way to get a breath is to relieve the pressure on your arms by pushing up with your feet. The arms are pinned and the physical weight on the arms is enormous.. It was invented by the Romans. Yet eternity itself will not exhaust the depths of those words. Luke: ―This is the King of the Jews‖ . it becomes necessary from time to time. Ps 69:21. Mark says. . Simon was from Cyrene. they found a man from Cyrene named Simon. no alleviation of His pain. because the Passover lamb was not to have a bone broken. Ps 22. (He declined the drink because it would numb Him.) 35After they had crucified him. If only they had known. The fulfillment of Exodus 34. The Latin phrase is ―Calvary. ―The King of the Jews‖ .) 36Then they sat down there and continued guarding him. (. and John: ―Jesus from Nazareth.) 33When they came to a place called Golgotha (which means “Skull Place”).Mar 15:26. they start to go through and break the legs of the ones that are still alive. So to make sure that they are all dead by sundown. for whatever administrative reasons might prevail. he refused to drink it. What happens is that it puts so much strain on the chest cavity that ultimately the person dies of suffocation or any of several other physiological things that can occur. One of the ways to speed up the process was to break the legs of the person being crucified because then they could not relieve the pressure on his chest cavity and he would suffocate more quickly. But to make absolutely sure. He does not indulge in dramatics.Matthew 32As they were leaving. the soldier throws a spear up in the Lord‘s side and blood and water come out. The important thing is that he had the wonderful privilege of bearing the cross. He simply states the fact: and they had crucified Him. Church tradition that his two sons were saved. rather it was very extended.‖) 34they offered him a drink of wine mixed with gall. to make sure no one would come and take Him down. it was elevated on a post so that lots could see.. But when he tasted it. they determined who would get his clothes by throwing dice for them. It was physically very visible. and as an accommodation to the Jews.) 37Above his head they placed the charge against him. Cf. For Him it was necessary to bear the full load of man's sins with no impairment of His senses. and it would serve as an example to the crowd. The whole concept of crucifixion was a slow painful. they would have knelt down and worshiped. the King of the Jews‖ .” (The exact wording of the superscription varies somewhat in the four Gospels. but when they come to the Lord they find that He is already dead. Some think he was a Jew. the king of the Jews. resort to sensational journalism. Mark 15:21 mentions his two sons. (Matthew describes the crucifixion simply and unemotionally. (―Golgotha‖ is the Hebrew.John 19:19. (Cf. others that he was a black man. it is fascinating that the Roman did not break the legs like all the rest. See Psalm 22:18. John 19:23-24. whether dead or alive. “This is Jesus. whom they forced to carry Jesus‟ cross. We find that they do this to the others on the cross.
if he wants to do so now. the wrath of God against all our transgressions. „I am the Son of God. they had to invent a new word: excruciating. In those three hours were compressed the hell which we deserved. Cf. settled the debt. were also making fun of him.) 43He trusts in God. We can't save others while seeking to save ourselves. it was literally beyond words to describe.) Jesus Dies on the Cross (Mark 15:33-41.‖ The chief priests protested that the title should not be a statement of fact. (Isaiah predicted 700 years previously that He would be numbered with the transgressors.‘‖) . Jesus cried out with a loud voice. come down from the cross!” 41In the same way the high priests. “You who were going to destroy the sanctuary and rebuild it in three days—save yourself! If you‟re the Son of God. we simply cannot know what it meant for Him to satisfy all God's righteous claims against sin. and finished the work necessary for man's redemption. shaking their heads. the truth was there for all to see—in Hebrew. but that later one repented. They kept saying. Cf Isa 53:12. the King of the Jews. eli. ―They claimed they would have believed if He had come down. It was during that time that He bore the indescribable curse of our sins. John 19:28-30) 45From noon on. we believe because He stayed up. in just a few hours he was with Christ in Paradise. One of these thieves is saved in the nick of time.Matthew It is possible that each Gospel only gives part of the complete statement. Ps 22:1. However. one on his right and the other on his left. the bandits who were being crucified with him kept insulting him. along with the scribes and elders. Latin. but the mere claim of the Accused. which means.‖ ―He saved others but can‘t save himself‖: It was true in the Lord's life and in ours. Luke 23:44-49. Cf Luke 23:39-43. Pilate overruled them. why have you forsaken me?” (―Eli‖ = ―Eloi‖ = dual word: ―My God. Let him come down from the cross now. and Greek. We see it only dimly.) 39Those who passed by kept insulting him. My God. The pain that Jesus endured was absolutely unbearable.‟” 44In a similar way. darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon. Let God rescue him. The whole statement may have read ―This is Jesus from Nazareth.‖ yet implies two. 40and saying. “Eli. 42“He saved others but can‟t save himself! He is the king of Israel. Cf John 19:19-22. too. my God. Literally. We only know that in those three hours He paid the price. In fact. Messianic prophecy fulfilled: Psalm 22:6–8. (Did both robbers revile Christ. (William Booth said. excruciating means ‗out of the cross. lema sabachthani?”. he said. After all. The religious leaders united with criminals in vilifying their God.) 46About three o‟clock.) 38At that time two bandits were crucified with him. “My God. (Dark from noon till three! All the sufferings and indignities which He bore at the hands of men were minor compared to what He now faced. and we will believe in him. or did only one do this? This difficulty is easily resolved on the supposition that at first both reviled the Lord.
the curtain in the sanctuary was torn in two from top to bottom. and he could enter on only one day of the year. the earth shook. We die because we have to.” (The general attitude was to wait and see if Elijah would fulfill the role Jewish tradition assigned to him —coming to the aid of the righteous. “He‟s calling for Elijah. Then he put it on a stick and offered Jesus a drink. and many saints who had died were brought back to life. Jerusalem. Cf Heb 10:19-20. sounds like Eli) 48So one of the men ran off at once. Only one man.” (Elijah in Heb. and we know very little about it. the high priest. the first resurrection is a category not a moment in time. took a sponge. and soaked it in some sour wine. ―It is finished‖: Final words of Jesus. they came out of their tombs. (This curtain separated the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place.) 49But the others kept saying. which is what He did for you and I. (Who killed Him? Nobody could if they tried. this was not intended as an act of mercy but as an added form of suffering.) 53After his resurrection. it was time for Jesus to die. (―Holy City‖: i. But let us never forget that the privilege was purchased for us at tremendous cost—the blood of Jesus. they said. The first resurrection will be completed when the Millennium starts because there is 1000 years before the second resurrection. they would write Tetelestai. you had a certificate. “Wait! Let‟s see if Elijah will come and save him.) 50Then Jesus cried out with a loud voice again and died.‖ This is what Jesus said on the cross—Tetelestai—meaning ―paid in full‖ and can be translated ―It is finished‖.) 51Suddenly. When finished with your sentence. or an acknowledgment that Jesus was more than man? We cannot be sure. could enter the inner sanctuary. It does indicate a sense of awe. they were terrified and said. In that day if you were imprisoned. which would be signed.Mal 4:5. and your debt marked off. Part of the Everlasting Covenant between Jesus and the Father. (The Bible does not say whether these risen saints died again or went to heaven with the Lord Jesus. See other Gospels. (Judging from Psalm 69:21.Matthew 47When some of the people standing there heard this. and a realization that the disturbances of nature were somehow connected with the death of Jesus. Cf John 10:17-18. The death of God's Son also produced tremendous upheavals in nature—as if there was an empathy between inanimate creation and its Creator. But it was not time for Elijah to come . The fact that He yielded up His spirit distinguished His death from all others. But now the humblest believer can enter God's presence in prayer and praise at any time. But don‘t presume that the first resurrection happened at one time.) 55Now many women were . “This man certainly was the Son of God!” (What did the centurion mean? Was this a full confession of Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. meaning ―paid in full. went into the Holy City. We know that there are two resurrections. and not with the death of those who were crucified with Him. The only way was if He voluntarily yielded His life. This verse occurs only in Matthew.e. The loud voice demonstrates that He died in strength. rocks were split open.) 52tombs were opened. He died because He chose to. Jesus was part of the first resurrection along with these saints.) 54When the centurion and those guarding Jesus with him saw the earthquake and the other things that were taking place. and appeared to many people. not in weakness.
we remember how that impostor said while he was still alive. „I will be raised after three days. that a member of the Sanhedrin would publicly take his stand for the Crucified. „He has been raised from the dead. (We must try to imagine the surprise to Pilate. socially. and the mother of Zebedee‟s sons.) 58He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. and Pilate ordered it to be done. and he had become a disciple of Jesus. John 19:38-42) 57Later that evening. must have had influence. or his disciples may go and steal him and then tell the people. the high priests and Pharisees gathered before Pilate 63and said.‖ They did their best.” (Pilate‘s cynical remark. His name was Joseph. he left. Cf Isa 53:9) 61but Mary Magdalene and the other Mary remained there. 60Then he placed it in his own new tomb. They remained with Christ when the male disciples ran for their lives!) Jesus is Buried (Mark 15:42-47. They had made a martyr out of Him. ―as secure as you know how.) 65Pilate told them.‟ Then the last deception would be worse than the first one. Mary the mother of James and Joseph. watching from a distance.‟ (Jesus‘ enemies remembered what the disciples forgot! His enemies worried that His body would not be there on the third day!) 64Therefore. after the Day of Preparation). In a real sense Joseph buried himself economically.Matthew also there. After rolling a large stone across the door of the tomb. and the provocation to the Jews. Go and make the tomb as secure as you know how. and religiously when he buried the body of Jesus. The Tomb is Secured 62The following day (that is.) 66So they went and secured the tomb by putting a seal on the . (―stone‖ used to seal up the grave. “You have a military guard. They had accompanied Jesus from Galilee and had ministered to him. His enemies had doubtless planned to throw His body into the Valley of Hinnom to be consumed by dump-fires or eaten by foxes.” (They must realize that they messed up. sitting in front of the tomb. order the tomb to be secured until the third day. 56Among them were Mary Magdalene. But God overruled their plans and used Joseph to insure that He was buried with the rich. but their best security measures were just not good enough.) 59So Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth. This act separated him forever from the establishment that killed the Lord Jesus. as he just went to Pilate and begged for the body of Jesus. (Joseph of Arimathea. a rich man arrived from Arimathea. We don‘t know their thoughts but it appears that by now they apparently have come to the conclusion that they blew it. which he had cut out of the rock. They sealed the stone and stationed guards. from robbers. “Sir. Luke 23:50-56. (The fearless devotion of these women stands out with special luster.
(Why did the angel move the stone? Not to let the Lord out. the woman must have done something to prompt an answer. even the guards themselves became like the dead. Nisan. That was then followed by the regular Sabbath. It was an extra Sabbath they were commanded to observe. it would have been only one or two whole days since He died. (―He has been raised‖: Rom 8. Luke 24:21. So what evidently happened was that Jesus ate the Passover in the beginning hours of the 14th of Nisan. but to let the girls in!) 3His appearance was bright as lightning. the Lamb of God died on the cross. was the next day . The Day of Atonement. as He prophesied. there was a powerful earthquake. Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to take a look at the burial site. And further proof that Jesus died on Wednesday: The Sunday afternoon after the crucifixion as two of Jesus' followers were on their way to Emmaus.) 4Trembling from fear. At 3 o'clock in the afternoon of the same day. Leviticus 23:23-25. The very next day. Cf.Thursday. rolled it away. approached the stone. Heb 1:7 gives a physical description of angels. (The precautions His enemies took only resulted in God's overruling the plans of the wicked and offering indisputable proof of the King's resurrection. who was crucified. (There were evidently two Sabbath days here. He has been raised. the 15th of Nisan. the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. was a special Sabbath.) 6He is not here. was always a special Sabbath. Come and see the place where he was lying. Luke 24:1-12. God had commanded that several special Sabbaths be observed each year in Israel. the 10th day of the 7th month. Leviticus 23:5.) 2Suddenly.) 7Then go . making the two Sabbaths. The Passover and Saturday. the angel said. The special Sabbath. resulting in Jesus being dead three whole days and three whole nights. the 15th of Nisan. in addition to the regular Sabbaths. If He had died on Thursday or Friday. 23:26-32. The Feast of Trumpets. just as he said. was a special Sabbath. Mention is made in John 19:31 that the Sabbath of the next day was a special Sabbath. and his clothes were white as snow. He must have been crucified on a Wednesday. The Passover was observed after sundown on the 14th day of the first Israeli month.) Matthew 28 Jesus is Raised from the Dead (Mark 16:1-8. around dawn on the first day of the week. Leviticus 23:6-7. and was sitting on top of it. This would be needful if Christ was to be dead three days and three nights. (Cf. 1 Cor 15:3-4. perhaps a scream or even a gasp. John 20:1-10) 1After the Sabbaths. Leviticus 16:29-31. the 1st day of the 7th month. “Stop being frightened! I know you‟re looking for Jesus. as the Jewish day begins at sundown. That was the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. 5Responding to the women. they stated that it had now been three days since Jesus died.Matthew stone in the presence of the guards. (The angel ―answered‖ them. because an angel of the Lord had come down from heaven.
it was the Father.” (First time that Jesus calls His disciples.) 10Then Jesus told them.) 9Suddenly. This really leads to the fact that all the great acts. Cf 1 Corinthians 15:5.) The Guards Report to the High Priests 11While the women were on their way. (―large amount of money‖: Probably more than 30 pieces of silver!) 13They said. Jesus met them and said. Here the angels denote ―Galilee. took hold of his feet. but only the important one for his purpose. and ran to tell Jesus‟ disciples. then to the other women. The fact that the tomb was empty is proof that His redemption is sufficient.) 8So they quickly left the tomb.18 it was the Son. Jesus appeared first to Mary Magdalene. each event can be found ascribed to the Father. and you will see him there. some of the guards went into the city and told the high priests everything that had happened. Cephas. it is understandable that the apostle would not list the women as witnesses in his defense of the resurrection here. they would have done so. The fact that He died for our sins is important because it provides the basis by which God can forgive us. and then to Peter. It may be that at first they held their peace as Mark indicated. He is going ahead of you into Galilee. “Stop being frightened! Go and tell my brothers to leave for Galilee. the Son and the Holy Spirit. and they will see me there. If His enemies could have produced the body. but they went back with the intention to tell them. On the other hand. ―brothers. and then later spoke up as Matthew may imply. He would have been transgressing the Law of God by receiving their worship. (If Jesus was not God. Remember. and worshipped him. But Paul lists Peter. This is documented by a historian who is an unbeliever! Who raised Jesus from the dead? According to Hebrews 13:20. According to the gospel of John 2:19. but it has no validity unless He rose from the dead. I have told you!” (We are to find later that they meet in a preappointed place. innocent and adequate. and John 10:17. Paul was not giving a complete list.‖ Mark 16:8. “Say that Jesus‟ disciples came at night and stole him while you were sleeping. Josephus describes the fact that Jesus appeared to his disciples on the third day. or a body. because they were afraid. terrified but also ecstatic.‖ Jesus‘ resurrection is the most important fact of our lives. Did Christ appear first to the women or to His disciples? Both Matthew and Mark list women as the first to see the resurrected Christ. Did the women tell of their experience at the tomb or not? Matthew does not actually say the women told the disciples. 12So they met with the elders and agreed on a plan to give the soldiers a large amount of money. Since only men‘s testimony was considered legal or official in the first century. “Greetings!” They went up to him. 21. . as the first one to see Christ after His resurrection. what we would call a ―county. Rom 8:11 describes it as the work of the Holy Spirit.Matthew quickly and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead. ‖ which is a fairly large area. 20. (Mark says that the women returning from the empty tomb ―didn‘t say a thing to anyone. the Trinity is established in the linguistics of the text.‖ And that is predicted in Ps 22:22.
Would you miss the tomb of your dearest loved one between Friday afternoon and Sunday morning? Furthermore. why would they not track down the disciples. and suppose the women with their tear-filled eyes stumbled around and got to the wrong tomb. don't forget. and search for the body. John 20:6-7. see the place where the Lord lay. It can be denied. which there weren't.) Jesus Commissions His Disciples . of our Christian faith. Do you think they went to the wrong tomb? But more than that.Matthew (Romans do not sleep on watch! The whole story is preposterous. No man on the inside of that tomb could ever roll back the stone which came down an incline and fitted into a groove. did as they were instructed. it is possible for a guard to fall asleep.) 14If this is reported to the governor. unshakable and unmovable. Others have suggested that Jesus did not die. there was an angel who said. Well. but not the whole watch. He did not come out of that tomb as a weak invalid. Think about this for a moment. but they were able to get bribes and leverage on the boss so they would not be accountable for their failure. we‟ll personally persuade him to keep you out of trouble. But hard-fisted Simon Peter and John. One of the great foundation-stones. brainy men have advanced these theories. there are other myths. They also recognized that it might be worth money. Why did these Roman soldiers go to the Chief Priests first? Perhaps. Why were the soldiers sleeping when they should have been on guard? How could the disciples have rolled the stone away without waking the guards? How could all the soldiers have fallen asleep at the same time? If they were asleep. is the historic evidence for the resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. (―to this day‖ refers to the day that Matthew is writing. when they got to the tomb and found that it was empty. also went to the tomb and found it empty. why had they taken time to remove the grave-clothes and fold the napkin? Luke 24:12. and this story has been spread among the Jews to this day. The simple truth is that the resurrection of the Lord Jesus is a well-attested fact of history. Here you and I can stand and do battle for the faith because we have a situation which cannot be contradicted. Besides this story. they knew that the Chief Priests would have the biggest equity in the result. He is risen. the penalty was death. why did the soldiers have to be bribed to tell it? If the disciples had stolen the body.) 15So the soldiers took the money. In the Roman army. but swooned away. Here are two of them: 1. if you were caught sleeping on watch. No other tombs were there. This is a nonsensical one! 2. this was not a cemetery of Joseph of Arimathea. Come. They were in deep trouble. They had a great big stone rolled against this tomb and this was sealed with seals of the Roman government. let's say there were other tombs. let's grant that for the women.” (Actually the soldiers were paid to tell a story incriminating themselves. Now. This was his private garden. but it cannot be disproved. If the story was true. First of all it has been suggested that the women went to the wrong tomb. This explanation raises more questions than it answers. ―He is not here. two fishermen who were not crying.‖ Do you think the angel went to the wrong tomb too? Yet. how did they know that the disciples stole the body? If the story was true. and that he was resuscitated somehow in this damp tomb and then came forth.
and Holy Spirit. it is clear that Jesus is not the Father. Scripture is abundantly clear that the Father. as you go.Matthew (Mark 16:14-18. by My Father. and Holy Spirit are one person— Jesus Christ? There is absolutely no indication in this text that Jesus was cryptically referring to himself with the words ―the Father. The Father and Son love each other: John 3:35. Theologians . Jesus is our advocate with the Father: 1 John 2:1.the Father.. 17When they saw him. though some had doubts. The Father and Son speak to each other: John 11:41–42. Even if we cannot achieve perfection in this obedience. The Holy Spirit seeks to glorify Jesus: John 16:13–14. Acts 1:6-8) 16The eleven disciples went into Galilee to the hillside to which Jesus had directed them. for the Father sent the Son: John 3:16–17. This was a command. Mark 16:15-16. (. (Even then some doubted! Why?) 18Then Jesus approached them and told them. Phil 2:9-11. it must nevertheless be our sincere intention and supreme aim to do so. not a suggestion. 48:16. In Matthew 28:19 Jesus instructs his followers to baptize ―in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. Oneness Pentecostals believe this means that ―Jesus‖ is the ―name‖ of the Father.. 11:27. It is impossible to argue that Jesus is the Father and the Holy Spirit. we must do everything that God calls us to do. The Great Commission. This commission now becomes ours to fulfill—to reach everyone in our time. This was Jesus Christ‘s last command to the Christian community. or just for the apostles or for those in present times who may have the gift of evangelism. for the Father sent the Holy Spirit: John 14:16.‖ Putting these verses together.‖ Oneness Pentecostals are reading something into the text that simply is not there. Luke 24:36-49. Jesus sent the Holy Spirit: John 15:26. the Son. the Son. and Holy Spirit are one person—the person of Jesus Christ. Nor is the Father the Holy Spirit. And the Holy Spirit intercedes with the Father on our behalf: Rom. singular in the Greek.) 19Therefore. The Holy Spirit descended upon Jesus: Luke 3:22. Moreover.in Matthew 28:19 points to distinct persons. it is clear that Jesus is not the Holy Spirit. and the Holy Spirit. Son. 11:4. Does this verse indicate that the Father. disciple people in all nations. The Father knows the Son and the Son knows the Father: Matt. refers not to three designations or titles of one person but rather to three persons within the unity of the one God. For example. Son.‖ But in Acts 2:38 we find reference to baptizing ―in the name of Jesus Christ. Name in Matthew 28:19. they worshipped him. A study of the singular form of the word name in Scripture proves that the word does not have to refer to a single person. John 20:19-23. Son. (We cannot pick and choose which commands of our Lord we will follow. was not intended merely for the eleven remaining disciples. This command is the duty of every man and woman who confesses Christ as Lord. and the Holy Spirit. they believe that this must mean that the Father. Greek scholars universally recognize that the use of the definite articles before each noun . See for example Gen 5:2. and the Holy Spirit . and Holy Spirit are distinct persons. Son. for the Holy Spirit is said to be another comforter: John 14:16. 8:26–27. baptizing them in the name of the Father. and the Son. To be righteous. Because the word ―name‖ is singular in Matthew 28:19. “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.
His commands are just as binding upon us today as they were upon the apostles. All of us are to be reaching out to those who still need to hear the Great News. and submission to. Romans 2:1-10. 15:8-10. 14:21-23. not to three designations or titles of the one person of Jesus Christ. And notice that the command is that we teach these new converts to obey everything that Jesus commanded His apostles to obey. the Word.Matthew throughout church history have consistently interpreted this verse as referring to the three persons of the Trinity. are you planning on being there?" Or. They are not living now. 13-14. If we are truly born again. 1 John 2:3-5. Many times the best way is to just break right into a conversation and ask the question. so they could not be reaching out to those who are alive today. each convert is to be baptized in the name of the Father. And remember. There is no saving faith apart from obedience. and Holy Spirit. It is an essential aspect of saving faith. we should be willing to go forth boldly.” (The Commission goes beyond evangelism. He will always be with us with unlimited power! Just you and God can be a massive army! With such promises. And in the last part of this commission. We must likewise be intensely concerned for those who are still lost and need the message of God's love. Son.) 20teaching them to obey everything that I‟ve commanded you. "Hey. He promises He will always be with us. and their conversion from living in sin to living in obedience to God. we will indeed be reaching out to others. Also. Luke 6:46-49. John 3:36. their future is a tragic and frightful one. The obedience of even the most godly Christian will be imperfect. and this is brought about by systematic teaching of. Obeying His commands is not optional for those who desire to inherit eternal life. Therefore. It is the responsibility of every one of us to go to others with the message of life. And Jesus was so concerned that He was willing to come from Heaven to be our Savior. but even though imperfect. The commission is to all of Christ's followers. This commission was not given only to the eleven followers of Christ. knowing that we have Jesus with us and that He has all the power necessary to make it possible for us to effectively witness to those who are still lost. the intention to fully obey must nevertheless be real. God was so concerned about our lost condition that He sent His Son in the person of Jesus Christ to suffer and die for our sins. Don't lightly regard these commands from the Lord. These three verses contain what is called the Great Commission. I am with you each and every day until the end of the age. and learn everything else we can so that we will have the message of life to give them. It would be the height of human arrogance to suggest that all the theologians throughout church history have been wrong on this verse and only the Oneness Pentecostals understand it correctly. "Are you planning on making it to . it is not enough to simply make converts and let them fend for themselves. Hebrews 5:9. The essence of discipleship is becoming like the Master. See Romans 10:9-10. 6:16. Christ's message is still in force today. James 1:22. They must be taught to obey the commandments of Christ as found in the NT. 2 Peter 1:8-11. We are all to be missionaries. we are responsible to go to them with what we know. Notice that Jesus informs us that He has been given unlimited power by the Father. Just a few suggestions: It is not necessary to try to move the conversation around to spiritual things in order to talk to people about the Lord. Without God's forgiveness.
Let those questions come up. You learn by doing. Then explain to them that the Bible reveals that every single person on earth has been selfishly living to please himself. He said that unless you are born again you will never see Heaven. you can talk to that person about his or her need. "Are you born again?" You may be surprised at the many who will claim to be a Christian. even if we are not always able to perfectly fulfill our intentions. Begin now to obey Christ by witnessing to everyone possible! The day of reckoning will soon be here. to make sure that they really are. Then the next time that question or argument comes up you will have the answer. 6:23. probe. Don't wait for opportunities to witness. In that way you will have a continuing contact with them as they read what you left them. The fervent. Someone will have the answer for you. "Do you know how to get to Heaven—for sure?" Or even ask the question. to turn from living to please yourself to now live to please God. or they may say they attend such and such a church. If you find it impossible to begin witnessing. So if you expect to be in Heaven you must be born again. Whenever you ask someone if they are planning on making it to Heaven." John 3:1-21. what is the greatest consideration in life?" The hardest part about witnessing for Jesus is getting started. "To be born again means: To unconditionally surrender all that you know about yourself to all that you know about God. Will you be found faithful? Find good printed material that you can leave with those to whom you witness. Revelation 20:11-15. and that the wages for such living is death—the second death. See Romans 3:23. "Are you born again? You know. apply James 5:16 here. "What do you think of Jesus Christ?" Or. The more you witness. Once the door is opened. or some other question. with God's help. you should follow up wha¬ever answer they give. "In your opinion. Go to God in desperation in fervent prayer. that He suffered and died for our sins. "How does your future look?" Another question you could ask is. One of the most important questions you will need to ask folks when witnessing to them is. They may not know what it means to be born again. and accomplishes great things. that He is the Son of God. You can ask.Matthew Heaven?" Or. Any one of these questions. Don't worry about questions or arguments that may come up for which you have no answers. "In . and He will help you and fill you with His Spirit. make opportunities! And you can make opportunities by asking such questions. but when you ask them if they are born again. Jesus said that in order to enter Heaven you must be born again. Getting them to read the Bible or the New testament will be the greatest material you can get them to read. who has been sent for this very purpose. and He taught the necessity of absolute obedience to God." Are you born again? It is not enough to merely believe the facts about Jesus. and are not living to please Him. instead of God. In fact. by asking. wherever that may be. To be born again means that you sincerely make the decision. but they know they are not right with God. That must be our sincere aim and intent. will enable you to get started in the conversation. Even when a person claims to be born again. many will admit they are not. persevering prayer of a person who is right with God is powerfully effective. So we can all be missionaries right where we are. Luke 11:13. Another way of saying that is. and then somehow find the answer. or God in some special way will bring the answer to you. We must also believe what He taught. the more answers you will have.
Most of them are willing to listen to what we have to say. We will be condemned if we keep the message from them. Christ commands us to go. Do all that you can to help them see the truth! Pray much for God's guidance! We must go! We must go to everyone everywhere and share the Good News with them. 4. 3. So many people have a false hope. 2. what does it mean to be born again?" Their answer will usually tell you whether or not they really are." What are you doing to carry out His last command? . The message belongs to them as well as to us. We are not to wait for them to come to us! "1.Matthew your understanding.
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