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Principais gases de efeito estufa afetados pelas atividades humanas CO2 CH4 N2O CFC-11 HCFC-22 CF4 SF6

Nível pré-industrial

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~700 ppbv

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zero 268§pptv

zero

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Concentração de 1994 Taxa de aumento*

358 ppmv

1720 ppbv

110 pptv

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1,5 ppmv/ano 0,4%/ano 50-200¸

10 ppbv/ano 0,6%/ano

0,8 ppbv/ano 0,25%/ano

0 pptv/ano 0%/ano

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Tempo de vida (anos)

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Notas: CO2 (dióxido de carbono), CH4 (metano), N 2O (óxido nitroso), SF6 (hexafluoreto de enxofre) e CF4 (um perfluorcarbono ou PFC) são cobertos pelo Protocolo de Kyoto. CFC-11 e HCFC-22 (um substituto de CFC) também são substâncias que destroem o ozônio, sendo, portanto, tratadas pelo Protocolo de Montreal e não nos acordos relativos à mudança do clima. 1 ppmv = 1 parte por milhão em volume; 1 ppbv = 1 parte por bilhão em volume; 1 pptv = 1 parte por trilhão em volume.
§

Estimada a partir de dados de 1992-93.

* A média das taxas de crescimento de CO2, CH4 e N2O são feitas sobre a década a partir de 1984; as taxas de crescimento de halocarbonos baseiam-se em anos recentes (década de 90). ¸ Não se pode definir um tempo de vida único para o CO2 por causa das diferentes taxas de absorção por diferentes processos de sumidouros. ¸ ¸ Isso foi definido como um tempo de ajuste que leva em consideração o efeito indireto do metano sobre seu próprio tempo de vida. Esta tabela foi adaptada do "Climate Change 1995", do Grupo de Trabalho I do IPCC, pág. 15.

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