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Bobbin Driver - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

Bobbin Driver - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

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Bobbin driver - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bobbin driver
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Throughout history, lockstitch sewing machines have used a variety of methods to drive their bobbins so as to create the lockstitch. Names 1846 Transverse shuttle Longitudinal shuttle Invented by Elias Howe[1] Transverse shuttles carry the bobbin in a boat-shaped shuttle, and reciprocate the shuttle along a straight horizontal shaft. The design was popularized in Singer's Shuttle from a transverse 'New Family' machine.[2] The design became obsolete once the other bobbin driver designs were developed.[3] shuttle bobbin driver Sometimes incorrectly called an "oscillating shuttle". Description Picture Notes

Figure 5 from Howe's patent 4750, showing transverse shuttle 'K' in its race

1850 by Allen B. Wilson[4]

Vibrating shuttle

Vibrating shuttle machines carry their bobbin in a bulletshaped shuttle, and reciprocate their shuttle through a short arc. The design was popularized in the White Sewing Machine Company's 'White Sewing Machine' and Singer's 27-series machines.[5] Now obsolete.[6]
Figure 2 from Wilson's patent 7776, showing vibrating shuttle

Shuttle from a vibrating shuttle bobbin driver

Main article: Vibrating shuttle

1851 by Allen B. Wilson[8] Rotary hook Rotating hook Rotary loop taker[7] Revolving hook Rotary hook machines hold their bobbin stationary, and continuously rotate the thread hook around it. The design was popularized in the White Sewing Machine Company's 'Family Rotary' sewing machine[9] and Singer's models 95 and 115.[10]
Hook from a rotary hook bobbin driver

Main article: Rotary hook

Figures from Wilson's patent 9041, showing rotary hook and bobbin

1877 by Lebbeus B. Miller and Phillip Diehl[11]

Oscillating shuttle

Oscillating shuttle machines mount their bobbin on the hook, and reciprocate the hook through a short arc. The design was popularized in Singer's models 15 'Improved Family' and 31.[12]
Shuttle and bobbin from an oscillating shuttle bobbin driver

Figure 10 from Miller/Diehl patent 208838, showing oscillating shuttle

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Bobbin driver - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Oscillating ? hook

Oscillating hook machines hold their bobbin stationary, and reciprocate the hook through a short arc. The bobbin lays horizontally, right under the needle plate. The design was popularized in Singer's model 66.[13]

Hook from an oscillating hook bobbin driver

"Rotating shuttle"
The term rotating shuttle is ambiguous. Sometimes it refers to a bobbin case,[14] and sometimes it refers to a rotary hook design.[15]

References
1. ^ US patent 4750, issued 10 September 1846 2. ^ Singer Sewing Machine Company (1914), "Mechanics of the Sewing Machine - Monograph 5", page 49, retrieved 2010-08-11 from http://books.google.com/books? id=chkLAAAAIAAJ&lpg=PA2&ots=u1668rkYVD&dq=mechanics%20of%20the%20sewing%20machine%20monograph%205&pg=PA49#v=onepage&q&f=false 3. ^ On page 152 of Grace Cooper's "The Sewing Machine: Its Invention and Use", retrieved 2010-08-12 from the Smithsonian Museum at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/hst/cooper/, we see a 1913 trade flyer offering a treadle cabinet and a choice of machines representing every bobbin driver design except the transverse shuttle. 4. ^ Refer to Vibrating shuttle for full inventor credits with references 5. ^ All information drawn from the Vibrating shuttle article 6. ^ Singer's last vibrating shuttle machine was built in 1962, according to the references on the Singer Model 27 and 127 page 7. ^ See e.g. US patent 5617803 (1997), "Rotary Loop Taker with Replaceable Tip" 8. ^ US patent 9041, granted 15 June 1852; but see Rotary hook for full inventor credits with references 9. ^ All information drawn from the Rotary hook article 10. ^ Singer Sewing Machine Company (1914), "Mechanics of the Sewing Machine - Monograph 5", pages 54-55, retrieved 2010-08-11 from http://books.google.com/books? id=chkLAAAAIAAJ&lpg=PA2&ots=u1668rkYVD&dq=mechanics%20of%20the%20sewing%20machine%20monograph%205&pg=PA49#v=onepage&q&f=false 11. ^ US patent 208838, filed 8 June 1877, granted 8 Oct 1878; and refinement US patent 221338, filed 21 November 1878, granted 4 November 1879. In "Mechanics of the Sewing Machine, Monograph 5" (1913) p. 50, by The Singer Sewing Machine Company, retrieved 2010-08-16 from http://books.google.com/books?id=chkLAAAAIAAJ&ots=u1672tr-WA&dq=mechanics%20of%20the%20sewing%20machine&pg=PA50#v=onepage&q&f=false, the date of invention is given as 1879, but the Miller/Diehl patent trail actually began in 1877. 12. ^ Singer Sewing Machine Company (1914), "Mechanics of the Sewing Machine - Monograph 5", page 52, retrieved 2010-08-11 from http://books.google.com/books? id=chkLAAAAIAAJ&lpg=PA2&ots=u1668rkYVD&dq=mechanics%20of%20the%20sewing%20machine%20monograph%205&pg=PA49#v=onepage&q&f=false 13. ^ Singer Sewing Machine Company (1914), "Mechanics of the Sewing Machine - Monograph 5", page 53, retrieved 2010-08-11 from http://books.google.com/books? id=chkLAAAAIAAJ&lpg=PA2&ots=u1668rkYVD&dq=mechanics%20of%20the%20sewing%20machine%20monograph%205&pg=PA49#v=onepage&q&f=false 14. ^ See e.g. US patent 3921553 (1975), "Lock Stitch Rotating Shuttle", or US patent 3698333 (1972), "Rotating Shuttle Drive Mechanisms" 15. ^ See e.g. US patent 36256, "Sewing Machine" (ironically filed by Wheeler & Wilson), or US patent 2257950 (1941), "Sewing Machine"

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bobbin_driver&oldid=449780759" Categories: Sewing machines This page was last modified on 11 September 2011 at 09:23. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

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