Aviation Electronics Glossary

AVIATION ELECTRONICS GLOSSARY
How to Speak Avionics-ese*

Contents
A........................................... 2 B......................................... 15 C......................................... 18 D......................................... 28 E......................................... 36 F......................................... 43 G. ....................................... 49 H......................................... 53 I.......................................... 56 J......................................... 62 K......................................... 63 L......................................... 63 M........................................ 67

of

G l o s s a ry
N. ....................................... 76 O........................................ 80 P. ....................................... 83 Q........................................ 91 R. ....................................... 92 S. ....................................... 99 T........................................110 U. ......................................119 V. ..................................... 121 W. .................................... 126 X. ..................................... 128 Y. ..................................... 129 Z....................................... 129

*Avionics-ese. Sometimes called AV-Speak. It’s a confusing, sometimes frustrating language. That’s why your friends at Rockwell Collins created this handy. compendium of acronyms, terms and definitions. We hope it helps. Copyright © 2005 Rockwell Collins, Inc.. www.rockwellcollins.com 

1.xxV(ss)

The impending low speed stall speed. xx is typically a number between 0.06 and 0.10. 1.06 of stick shaker speed would be an example. Target approach speed indicator. 1.3 of stick shaker speed. Three or four dimension The octal base, four-digit code used between framing pulses of a reply to identify the aircraft or for general use and emergency codes (XPD) 10 Mbps base band data transmission over twisted copper wire ( 1 ) Auto tuned NAVAID . ( 2 ) Amperes . ( 3 ) Aileron . ( 4 ) At or Above (Altitude Suffix) Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control System ARINC 661 Aeronautical Administrative Communications Assigned Altitude Deviation Airline Avionics Institute Above Aerodome Level Advanced Architecture Micro-Processor Aviation and Air Traffic Services Advanced Aviation Transportation Technology Autobrake ARINC 429 Bus Emulator Asynchronous Balanced Mode ( 1 ) Aeronautical Binary Phase Shift Keying . ( 2 ) Aviation Binary Phase Shift Keying Abbreviation Absolute ( 1 ) Advisory Circular . ( 2 ) Alternating Current

1.3V(ss) 3-D, 4-D 4096 Code

10 Base T A

A-SMGCS A661 AAC AAD AAI AAL AAMP AATS AATT A/B ABE ABM A-BPSK ABRV ABS AC 

used in an ACARS System Acknowledge Alternating Current Motor Pump Aircraft Condition Monitoring System Aircraft Certification Office Audio Control Panel Aircraft Certification Regulatory Program ( 1 ) Active Control System.A/C ACA ACAC ACAS ACARS ACARS Aircraft Address Compression Algorithm Air-Cooled Air Cooler Airborne Collision Avoidance System Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System Polled Mode An ACARS mode of operation in which the airborne system transmits only in response to received uplink messages (polls) ( 1 ) Active Clearance Control. ( 2 ) Audio Control System Aeronautical Communications Sub-Group ACC Acclrm ACCTS ACE ACF ACID ACIPS ACK ACKNLGE ACMP ACMS ACO ACP ACRP ACS ACSG  . ( 3 ) Advanced Certification Equipment ( 1 ) Area Control Facility . ( 2 ) Actuator Control Electronics. ( 2 ) Area Control Center Accelerometer Aviation Coordinating Committee for Telecommunications Services ( 1 ) The control character meaning technical acknowledge. ( 2 ) ACARS Convergence Function (ARINC 622) Aircraft Identification Airfoil and Cowl Ice Protection System The control character meaning technical acknowledgement of an uplink.

( 2 ) Aircraft Data Link Processor (MODE-S) Aeronautical Data Link Services Air Data Module Airline Data Management System ARINC Data Network Service Air Data Processor Adaptive Pulse Code Modulation Airplane Data Recovery and Analysis System A/D AD ADA ADAS ADATE ADC ADF ADI ADIRS ADIRU ADL ADLP ADLS ADM ADMS ADNS ADP ADPCM ADRAS  .ACT ACU Active ( 1 ) Apron Control Unit . . ( 2 ) Analog-to-Digital Converter Automatic Direction Finder: Receiver that provides bearings to radio frequency transmitters in a compatible frequency range. ( 3 ) Autopilot Control Unit Analog-To-Digital Administrative Domain Computer Programming Language Automated Weather Observing System Data Acquisition System Advanced Design Adaptive Test Executive ( 1 ) Air Data Computer: A computer that receives inputs from temperature sensors as well as static and pitot ports. airspeed. ( 2 ) Antenna Control Unit . vertical speed and several computed temperatures. Attitude Director Indicator: A PFD display that provides pitch and roll information. Air Data Inertial Reference System Air Data Inertial Reference Unit ( 1 ) Aeronautical Data Link . ( 2 ) Airborne Data Loader (ARINC 615) ( 1 ) Airborne Data Link Protocol. Then it generates altitude.

ADS ( 1 ) Air Data System . ADSEL is compatible with DABS. thus avoiding garbling. Only a particular transponder will respond. (aka ADS-C) Automatic Dependent Surveillance–Broadcast Automatic Dependent Surveillance–Contract . data derived from on-board navigation and position fixing systems. ASSR system electronically arranged to address each transponder selectively. ( 2 ) Automatic Dependent Surveillance Unit Administrative Data Transmission Network Advance Audio Electronic Control Unit Airlines Electronic Engineering Committee Aircraft Evaluation Group ( 1 ) Audio Entertainment Player. (Refer to Mode S transponders. including aircraft identification.) Automatic Dependent Surveillance Panel ( 1 ) Automatic Dependent Surveillance System . ( 2 ) Autopilot Engage Panel Automated En Route traffic control Aircraft Earth Station Auxiliary Equipment Unit Airway Facilities ADS-A ADS-B ADS-C ADSEL ADSP ADSU ADTN ADV AECU AEEC AEG AEP AERA AES AEU AF  . four dimensional position and additional data as appropriate . (aka ADS-A) Address Selective. ( 2 ) Automatic Dependent Surveillance: A surveillance technique in which aircraft automatically provide. ( 3 ) Audio Distribution System Automatic Dependent Surveillance–Address . via data link. ADSEL uses a monopulse technique to provide more accurate bearing measurement.

Advanced General Aviation Transport Experiment Automatic Gain Control. AGC is used to maintain the output level of the receiver. ( 2 ) Automatic Frequency Control Automatic Flight Control Augmentation System Automatic Flight Control System ( 1 ) Adaptive Flight Display . Air Ground Intermediate System Above Ground Level ARINC 661 Graphics Server AFDC AFDS AFDX AFEPS AFI AFIS AFM AFN AFS AFSS AFSK AFTN AFTRCC A/G AGACS AGATE AGC AGIS AGL AGS  . ( 2 ) Automatic Flight Information Service Aircraft Flight Manual ATS Facilities Notification ( 1 ) Aeronautical Fixed Service.AFC AFCAS AFCS AFD ( 1 ) Automatic Frequency Compensation. ( 2 ) Airborne File Server . ( 3 ) Automatic Flight System Automatic Flight Service Station Audio Frequency Shift Keying Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunications Aerospace and Flight Text Radio Coordinating Council Air/Ground Automatic Ground-Air Communication System. ( 3 ) Autopilot Flight Director Autopilot Flight Director Computer Autopilot Flight Director System Avionics Full Duplex Switched Ethernet ACARS Front End Processing System Authority Format Identifier ( 1 ) Airborne Flight Information System. It is also known as ATCSS or DATA LINK. ( 2 ) Advanced Flight Deck .

Attitude/Heading System: Either an AHRS or an IRS. above which a Category III approach would be discontinued and a missed approach initiated if a failure occurred in one of the redundant parts of the fail operational landing system.used for the storage of digital video and audio files Aeronautical Information Regulation and Control Accumulator Isolation Valve Advanced Interactive Executive AFEPS Journal Processing System Autoland Automatic Level Control. Aircraft Integrated Data System Advanced Intelligence Tape . or in the relevant ground equipment. Attitude/Heading Reference Systems: System which measures and outputs aircraft attitude and heading. Attitude Heading Computer: A computer that is part of the AHRS. Automatic Link Establishment Altimeter Airline Pilots Association ( 1 ) Application Layer Structure. Generates information for the pitch and roll displays.AH Alert Height: A height above the runway based on the characteristics of the aircraft and its fail operational landing system. ( 2 ) Ambient Light Sensor Clear AHC AHRS AHS AIDS AIT AIRAC AIV AIX AJPS A/L ALC ALE ALI ALPA ALS ALSIP  . A circuit used to maintain the output of a transmitter regardless of variations in the attenuation of the system.

( 3 ) Altimeter . Area Microphone Interface Unit Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display Aircraft Maintenance Manual ( 1 ) Audio Management Panel . A signal where the carrier signal is varied in amplitude to encode voice or data information. ( 1 ) Airline Modifiable Information . ( 2 ) Alternate . Arithmetic and Logic Unit Amplitude Modulation. An AM type signal that processes the modulated information signal and carrier frequency separately and then reconstructs the two signals to make an equivalent AM signal. ( 2 ) Alpha Margin Indicator: A device that displays the angle of attack.ALT ( 1 ) Airborne Link Terminal . ( 4 ) Altitude Alternate Attitude Heading Computer Altitude Hold Mode Height determined by barometric pressure A continuous return across the display at a range equivalent to aircraft altitude (WXR) Alternate Altitude Select Selected Altitude Capture: An autopilot flight director mode. ( 2 ) Avionics Modernization Program ALT AHC ALTHOLD Altitude Altitude Ring ALTN ALTS ALTS CAP ALU AM AMASS AMAT AMC AMCP AME AMI AMIU AMLCD AMM AMP  . Airport Movement Area Safety System Aircraft Mount Alignment Detector Avionics Maintenance Conference Aeronautical Mobile Communications Panel Amplitude Modulation Equivalent.

( 2 ) Aircraft Operational Control. ( 4 ) Airport Obstruction Chart. ( 2 ) Area Navigation System American National Standards Institute Air Navigation Service Provider Antenna Advanced Networking Test Center Angle Of Attack ( 1 ) Aeronautical Operational Control. excluding Flight Technical Error (FTE). Aeronautical Message Transfer Service Audio Management Unit Audio Multiplexer Air Navigation Commission (ICAO) An evacuated and sealed capsule or bellows that expands or contracts in response to changes in pressure. Ephemeris (GPS term) ANS ANSI ANSP ANT ANTC AOA AOC AOCC AOD AODC AODE  . ( 2 ) Avionics Management Service Aeronautical Mobile Satellite (Route) Service Aeronautical Mobile Satellite Service Aircraft Maintenance Task Oriented Support System. Clock (GPS term) Age of Data. Alaskan NAS Interfacility Communication System ARINC Network Layer Protocol Actual Navigation Performance: Measure of the current estimated navigation performance. ( 3 ) Airline Operational Control. An automated data retrieval system.AMS AMS(R)S AMSS AMTOSS AMTS AMU AMUX ANC Aneroid Capsule ANICS ANLP ANP ( 1 ) Apron Management Service . ( 5 ) Airport Operational Communications Airline Operation Control Center Audio on Demand Age of Data. ( 1 ) Ambient Noise Sensor .

( 2 ) Autopilot Panel Application Approach: That segment of flight having to do with final descent and landing. ( 3 ) Aeronautical Passenger Communication Application Programming Interface Aircraft Personality Module Automated Performance Measurement System ARINC Packet Network ( 1 ) Approach Control . Actual Performance Reserve ATN Profile Requirement List Autopilot System Auxiliary Power Unit Auxiliary Power Unit Controller API APM APMS APN APP App APPR APR APRL APS APU APUC 10 . ( 2 ) Airline Operational Procedure Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association Aerodrome Operations Group Atlantic Ocean Region Atlantic Ocean Region-East Atlantic Ocean Region-West Autopilot . ( 2 ) Autopilot Amplifier Auxiliary Power Breaker ( 1 ) Autopilot Computer .A computer commanded system for controlling aircraft control surfaces. Airport Location (ACARS/AFERS) ( 1 ) Allied Pilots Association . ( 2 ) Aeronautical Public Correspondence .AOG AOHE AOM AOP AOPA AOPG AOR AOR-E AOR-W A/P AP APA APB APC Aircraft on Ground Air/Oil Heat Exchanger Aircraft Operating Manual ( 1 ) Aeronautical OSI Profile .

scheduled airlines are the major stockholders. Advanced Research Projects Agency Airport Arrival Automated Radar Summary chart . waypoint and/or offset. -XXX Digital database protocols defined by ARINC committee.S. ( 2 ) Air Data Reference Panel . These are hourly generated charts showing location and intensity of radar echoes. INCorporated: Corporation in which the U. Air Route Surveillance Radar Automatic Reserve Thrust Adaptive Radar Threshold Techniques Air-Route Traffic Control Center. ( 2 ) Avionics Qualification Procedure Aeronautical Quadrature Phase Shift Keying Advanced Quality System Aviation Rule making Advisory Committee Arbitrary Waveform Generator Airline Risk Factor Aeronautical Radio.AQF AQP A-QPSK AQS ARAC ARB ARF ARINC Avionics Qualification Facility ( 1 ) Advanced Qualification Program. Automated Terminal Radar System Audio Reproducer Unit ARINC ARMC ARP ARPA ARPT ARR ARS ARSR ART ARTT ARTCC ARTS ARU 11 . Area Regional Maintenance Center ( 1 ) Aeronautical Recommended Practice . Approximately 20 centers cover the air traffic routes in the United States using numerous radars and radio communication sets. ( 3 ) Airport Reference Point: Point in space based on a particular altitude. The FMS makes calculations to guide the aircraft to that particular point.

ARINC Signal Gateway ( 1 ) Avionics System Integration .ASA ASAA ASAP ASAS ASCII ASCPC ASD ASDE ASDL ASE ASECNA ASEL ASG ASI ASIC ASLS ASM ( 1 ) Aircraft Separation Assurance. ( 4 ) Application Specific Module Abstract Syntax Notation One Automated Surface Observing System ( 1 ) Altitude Set Panel . ( 2 ) Autoland Status Annunciator (AFDS) AC RS System Access Approval (AEEC) Aviation Safety/Accident Prevention Aircraft Separation Assurance System (AEEC) American Standard Code for Information Interchange Air Supply and Cabin Pressure Controllers Aircraft Situation Display Airport Surface Detection Equipment Aeronautical Satellite Data Link Altimetry System Error Agency for the Security of Aerial Navigation in Africa and Madagascar Altitude Select: An autopilot flight/director mode. ( 2 ) Aeronautical Fixed Service (AFS) Systems Planning for data interchange Aeronautical Fixed Service (AFS) Systems Planning for data interchange Panel Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems Airport Surveillance Radar ASN. ( 2 ) Autothrottle Servo Motor .1 ASOS ASP ASPP A-SMGCS ASR 12 . ( 3 ) Avionics Specific Module . ( 2 ) Airplane Systems Integrator Application Specific Integrated Circuit Avionics System LAN Switch ( 1 ) Airspace Management .

( 2 ) Application Specific Unit Advanced Super View Alternate Source Selection Valve Airport Surface Traffic Automation ( 1 ) Air Traffic . ( 2 ) Air Transport Auto throttle ( 1 ) Actual Time of Arrival. ( 3 ) Automatic Terminal Information System Abbreviated Test Language for Avionics Systems ATD ATE ATFM ATHR ATHS ATI ATIS ATLAS 13 . ( 2 ) Automatic Terminal Information Service.A system to provide information between the pilot and air traffic control using the VHF communications transceiver in conjunction with data link equipment.ASRS ASSAP ASSTC ASTF ASU ASV ASSV ASTA AT A/T ATA ATC ATCA ATCC ATCRBS ATCSS Aviation Safety Reporting System Airborne Surveillance and Separation Assurance Processing Aerospace Simulation and Systems Test Center Airspace System Task Force ( 1 ) Avionics Switching Unit . Actual Time of Departure Automatic Test Equipment Air Traffic Flow Management Autothrust System Automatic Target Handoff System Instrument Size Unit of Measure ( 1 ) Air Traffic Information Service. ( 2 ) Air Transport Association Air Traffic Control Air Traffic Control Association Air Traffic Control Center Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System Air Traffic Control Signaling System .

( 3 ) Auto throttle System .ATM ATMCP ATN ATN P ATP ATR ATS ( 1 ) Air Traffic Management . ( 2 ) Asynchronous Transfer Mode Air Traffic Management Concept Panel (ICAO) Aeronautical Telecommunications Network Aeronautical Telecommunication Network Panel Acceptance Test Procedure (Air Transport) Air Transport Racking ( 1 ) Air Traffic Services . ( 2 ) Air Turbine Starter . ( 4 ) Air Transport System Air Traffic Service Communication Air Traffic Services Geographic Filter Air Traffic Services Message Processor Air Traffic Services Unit Attitude Airspace User Operations Automatic Mechanism that automatically tilts the weather radar. Auxiliary Audio-Visual Available Aviation Electronics: Any group of aircraft electronic devices. Avionics Local Area Network Aviation VHF Link Control Airborne Vibration Monitor Aerodrome Visibility Operational Level Aviation Packet Communication Airborne Warning and Control System Automated Weather Advisory Station American Wire Gauge ATSC ATSGF ATSM ATSU ATT AUO AUTO AUTOTILT AUX AV AVAIL AVIONICS AVLAN AVLC AVM AVOL AVPAC AWACS AWAS AWG 14 .

AZ B BACKCOURSE An approach from the end of the runway opposite Bandwidth B-RNAV BAP BARO BaronCorrected Altitude BATAP BAZ The difference between the highest and lowest frequency components of a signal. Basic Area Navigation Bank Angle Protection Barometric Pressure altitude-corrected local barometric pressure. Base Band Backcourse Binary Coded Decimal. Back Course BB B/C BCD BCRS 15 . Normally in this type of approach. A system that gathers surface weather information and transmits the information to the pilot via VOR. A coding system in which each digit from 0 to 9 is represented by a four bit binary number.AWIN AWIPS AWM AWO AWOP AWOS Aviation Weather Information Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System Audio Warning Mixer All Weather Operations All Weather Operations Panel Automated Weather Observation System. An MLS BAZ transmitter on the ground is required. At or Below (Altitude suffix) the front localizer. Comm Freq or telephone lines. Type B Application to Application Protocol Back Azimuth: Same concept as Backcourse except. there is no glideslope available. Azimuth: Distance in degrees measured clockwise from North. the pilot uses the Microwave Landing System (MLS).

BCS is a cyclic code that is used as reference bits in an error detection process. b@ckCHANNEL SERVER Bearing Distance Indicator Business Data Management and Invoicing The beam width is the width of the beam as measured at the half-power points of the radiated signal (WXR). An oscillator that produces a signal to be mixed with the received frequency to produce an audible beat note. The oscillator produces frequencies equal to the sum and difference of the combined frequencies. Boundary Intermediate System BIS Management System bCSU BDI BDMIS Beam Width Bearing BEDS BEL BEP BEPMS BER BFE BFO BGAN BGI BGP BI BiGS Binary BIS BISMS 16 . Broadband Global Area Network Bus Grant Inhibit. for the purpose of decoding the Morse code identifier of an NDB. Numbers include 0. Border Gateway Protocol Burn-In Bilingual Ground Station (ACARS and VDML2) Base-2 counting system.BCS Block Check Sequence. Boeing Electronic Delivery System Below Back-End Processor Back-End Processor Management System Bite Error Rate Buyer Furnished Equipment Beat Frequency Oscillator.1. A term used in CAPS transfer bus processing. The direction of a point or navigational aid measured clockwise from a reference through 360°.

( 2 ) Block Bezel Light Sensor Brake Metering Valve Binary Boundary Notification System (Squitters) Bottom of Climb Bill of Material Bit Oriented Protocol The process of aligning a directional antenna system. Smallest data unit in a microprocessor system.BIST Bit BIT BITE BL BLK BLS BMV BNR BNS BOC BOM BOP Boresighting BP BPCU bps Bps BPSK BR BRG BRI BRNAV BRS BRT BSCU BSN BSP Built-In Self Test A binary digit. Built-In-Test Built-In-Test Equipment Black Label ( 1 ) Black . ( 1 ) BITE Processor . ( 2 ) Bottom Plug Bus Power Control Unit bites per second Bytes per second Binary Phase Shift Keying Bridge Bearing Basic Rate Interface Basic Area Navigation Business & Regional Systems Brightness Brake System Control Unit Backbone Subnetwork Board Support Package 17 .

This system is only a proposal and not yet implemented. ( 2 ) GPS Course Acquisition Code Cabin Area Control Panel ( 1 ) Computer Aided Design. Civil Aviation Administration of China Caution Advisory Computer ( 1 ) Course Acquisition Code . A regulatory agency in the United Kingdom. At standard sea level conditions. ( 2 ) Bypass Switch Unit Bus Tie Breaker Brake Temperature Monitor Unit British Thermal Units Backup WAN A grouping of eight bits. Celsius Command and Control Control and Warning Civil Aviation Authority. A variation of the SELCAL system in which the SELCAL signal is combined with a special gating toe to produce an automatic function by the receiver.BSU BTB BTMU BTU BWAN Byte C C&C C&W CAA CAAC CAC C/A Code CACP CAD CADAG CAE CAF CAGE CAH CAI Calibrated Airspeed ( 1 ) Beam Steering Unit . CAS is equal to true airspeed (TAS). CALSEL 18 . ( 2 ) Combiner Alignment Detector Communications Automation and Data Link Component Application Engineer Crew Alerting Function Commercial Avionics GPS Engine Cabin Attendant Handsets Caution Annunciator Indicator Corrected for instrument errors and errors due to position or location of the pressure source.

An ILS facility providing operation down to a 60-meter (200 feet) decision height and with runway visual range not less than 800 meters (2600 feet) and a high probability of approach success. ( 3 ) Crew Alerting System . minimums. per FAA Order 8400. An ILS facility providing operation down to a 30-meter (100 feet) decision height and with runway visual range not less than 400 meters (1200 feet) and a high probability of approach success. ( 1 ) Collision Avoidance System . ( 2 ) Computed Airspeed . CANPA CAPT CARERI Carrier CAS CASE CAT CAT I CAT I Enhanced An ILS Approach to lower-than-standard Category CAT II Operational performance Category II. ( 3 ) Computer Aided Testing Operational performance Category I. III) for Visibility Requirements . frequency or pulse of the signal.13. ( 2 ) Clear Air Turbulence .CALVER CAM Calibration Verification ( 1 ) Computer Aided . I and in some cases to Category II. ( 3 ) Manufacturing Constant Angle Non-Precision Approach Captain Chinese Aeronautical Radio Electronics Research Institute An ac signal that can be modulated by changing the amplitude. ( 4 ) Collins Aviation Services Computer Aided Software Engineering ( 1 ) Categories (I. II. 19 . based on guidance-to-touchdown provided by a Category III-capable Head-up Guidance System. ( 2 ) Cockpit Area microphone .

and subsequently taxiing with external visual range of not less than 50 meters (150 feet).000 MHz. Operational performance Category III c.000 and 8. An ILS facility providing operation with no decision height limit to and along the surface of the runway with external visual reference during final phase of landing and with a runway visual range of not less than 200 meters (700 feet). Common Computing Resource CAT III b CAT III c CATEVS C-BAND CBIT CBT CC CCA CCB CCD CCIR CCITT CCM CCMS CCR 20 . ( 2 ) Converter Circuit Breaker ( 1 ) Charged Coupled Device.CAT III a Operational performance Category III a. Operational performance Category III b. Continuous Built-In-Test Computer-Based Training C-Check Circuit Card Assembly ( 1 ) Configuration Control Board. An ILS facility providing operation with no decision height limit to and along the surface of the runway and taxiways without reliance on external visual reference. An ILS facility providing operation with no decision height limit to and along the surface of the runway without reliance on external visual reference. Clear Air Turbulence Enhanced Vision System The frequency range between 4. ( 2 ) Cursor Control Device International Radio Consultative Committee Consultative Committee International Telephone and Telegraph Common Computing Module Content Compilation Management System.

( 3 ) Common Core System Control and Compensation Unit Counterclockwise ( 1 ) Carrier Detect . Conference Europèene des Postes et Telècommunications Cabin Equipment Software Checklist Entry Unit Change Field Central Fault Display Interface Unit CCU CCW CD CDA CDBR CDG CDI CDL CDM CDMA CDMS CDN CDP CDR CD-ROM CDS CDTI CDU CEPT CES CEU CF CFDIU 21 . ( 3 ) Compact Disc ( 1 ) Coordinating Design Authority. ( 2 ) Common Data Network Continuous Data Program Critical Design Review Compact Disc Read-Only Memory ( 1 ) Cabin Distribution System. ( 2 ) Common Display System Cockpit Display of Traffic Information Control Display Unit: An input control/display usually part of a Flight Management System (FMS). ( 2 ) Common Communication System .CCS ( 1 ) Cabin Communication System . ( 2 ) Chrominance Difference. ( 2 ) Continuous Descent Arrival Cabin Data Bus Repeater Configuration Database Generator Course Deviation Indicator Cabin Discrepancy Log Collaborative Decision Making Code Division Multiple Access Collaborative Decision Making System ( 1 ) Canadian Domestic Network (VHF ACARS) .

( 2 ) Closed-Loop Boolean Clock Connectionless Network Protocol Connectionless Network Service 22 . ( 2 ) Charge Computer Human Interface Center Hydraulic Isolation System Collins High Order Language Course Heading Panel ( 1 ) Cabin Interphone . ( 2 ) Configuration Item Category Interaction Diagram Checklist Input DataBase Common ICAO Data Interchange Network Cabin Interphone Distribution System Commission Internationale de I Eclairage Common Input/Output ( 1 ) Corporate Information System . ( 2 ) Crew Information System Configurable Integrated Surveillance System Check Checklist ( 1 ) Climb .CFDS CFIT cfm CFMU CFS CG CGI CHAN CHG CHI CHIS CHOL CHP CI CID CIDB CIDIN CIDS CIE CIO CIS CISS CK CKLST CLB CLK CLNP CLNS Centralized Fault Display System Controlled Flight Into Terrain Cubic Feet per Minute Central Flow Management Unit Cabin File Server Center of Gravity Connecting Gate Information Channel ( 1 ) Change .

( 3 ) Conflict Management ( 1 ) Central Maintenance Application . (cellular phone network) Communications Management Unit Customized Navigation Database Centre national d’etudes spatiales Carrier-to-Noise Density Ratio Comm/Nav/Pulse Communication. . Navigation. Surveillance Communication. Navigation. ( 2 ) Contract Maintenance Agreement Central Maintenance Computer Central Maintenance Computer Function Central Maintenance Computer System Command ( 1 ) Common Message Format . Surveillance/Air Traffic Management CMA CMC CMCF CMCS CMD CMF CMM CMN CMP CMS CMOS CMRS CMU CNDB CNES C/NO CNP CNS CNS/ATM 23 . ( 2 ) Component Maintenance Manuals Control Motion Noise Configuration Management Plan Cabin Management System Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Commercial Mobile Radio Service . A type of monitor common to automatic flight control systems. ( 2 ) Communication Management Function ( 1 ) Common Mode Monitor.Cloud Droplets Water or ice particles having radii smaller than 0.01 cm CLP CLR CLTP CM Control Law Processor Clear Connectionless Mode Transport Protocol ( 1 ) Context Management . ( 2 ) Configuration Management.

Concept of Operations A low-frequency. CW. The frequency range is in the 300 kHz region . keyed. Coder/Decoder Combiner Optical Element Cockpit Operating Manual Communications Communication Of Modification Plan A low-powered radio beacon. short baseline system using two antennas to radiate a daisyshaped pattern for navigational aid purposes. Continental United States Character-Oriented Protocol Communities of Practice Common Reusable Elements Company Route CODEC COE COM COMM COMP Compass Locator COMP CON Cone of Confusion CONOPS Consolan COM/MET/OPS Communications /Meteorological /Operations Contour CONUS COP COPs CoRE COROUTE 24 . Compressor Continuous An inverted conical shaped area extending vertically above a VOR ground facility that is void of the bearing signal. The area blanked out is called contour and corresponds to the return levels that exceed a predetermined threshold. Contouroriso – contour refers to a weather radar display presentation that blanks the echo returns in the center of a storm cell. It is in limited use today. used in conjunction with ILS. A compass locator has a two-letter identification and a range of at least 15 miles.Coasted Track A track that is continued based on previous track characteristics in the absence of surveillance data reports (TCAS).

A CPCI number identifies the configuration of a computer software program. g. ( 3 ) Control Panel Closest Point of Approach Collins Portable Access System ( 1 ) Cabin Pressure Controller . Cabin Pressure Control System Controller-Pilot Data Link Communications Circular Position Error ( 1 ) Core Processor Module . DON’T CLIMB when the aircraft is climbing). ( 3 ) Cursor Position Control Compact Peripheral Component Interconnect Computer Program Configuration Item. ( 2 ) Conflict Probe .Correction (SSEC) A correction is applied to static source pressure measurements to partly or completely correct for pressure errors that are caused by airflow changes. ( 2 ) Crash Protected Memory Collins Part Number Common Processing Resource Compressor Cabin Pressure Sensor Contractor Purchasing System Review Central Processing Unit Corrective Advisory COS COTP COTS CP CPA CPAS CPC cPCI CPCI CPCS CPDLC CPE CPM CPN CPR CPRSR CPS CPSR CPU 25 . It is computed as a function of Mach and altitude based on measured errors for a particular static system. ( 2 ) Controller Pilot Communication . A resolution advisory that instructs the pilot to deviate from current vertical rate (e. (TCAS) Checklist Operational Software Connection Oriented Transport Protocol Commercial Off-The-Shelf ( 1 ) Circular Polarization .

( 2 ) Contrast Ratio ( 1 ) Cyclic Redundancy Checking . ( 3 ) Crew Resource Management Controlled Reception Pattern Antenna Cutover Readiness Review Course Cathode Ray Tube Computer Receiver Unit Cruise ( 1 ) Common Service . ( 2 ) Collision Risk Model . ( 2 ) Cyclic Redundancy Code Corrosion Resistant Steel Current Routing Domain Cooperative Research and Development Agreement ( 1 ) Cockpit Resource Management . ( 2 ) Collins Commercial Systems Engineering Cargo System Controller Computer Software Configuration Item Cabin System Control Panel Commercial Standard Data Bus Cargo Smoke Detector System Control Systems Electronics Unit Command/Status Frame Carrier Sense Multiple Access Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Crash Survivable Memory Modules Cabin System Management Unit Communications/Surveillance Operational Implementation Team CRPA CRR CRS CRT CRU CRZ CS CSC CSCI CSCP CSDB CSDS CSEU CSF CSMA CSMA/CD CSMM CSMU C/SOIT 26 .C/R CR CRC CRES CRD CRDA CRM Command/Response ( 1 ) Change Request .

Chromaticity Tolerance ( 1 ) Control Area (ICAO Term) . ( 2 ) Controlled Time of Arrival Common Traffic Advisory Frequency Cowl Thermal Anti-Icing Center Tracon Automation System Cabin Temperature Controller Cross Track Deviation Control: Refers to a radio frequency controller Centralized Air Traffic Flow Management Organization Conventional Take Off and Landing ( 1 ) Center . A continuous train of identical oscillations.CSU Configuration Strapping Unit: A LRU used to select installed system features on a particular aircraft. Comparator Warning Computer Continuous Wave Interference CT CTA CTAF CTAI CTAS CTC CTD CTL CTMO CTOL CTR CTRD CTRL CTS CTU CU C/UT CV/DFDR CVR CVRCP CW CWC CWI 27 . ( 2 ) Combiner Unit (HUD) . ( 2 ) Control zone Configuration Test Requirements Document Control Clear To Send Cabin Telecommunications Unit ( 1 ) Channel Utilization . ( 3 ) Control Unit Code/Unit Test Cockpit Voice and Digital Flight Data Recorder Cockpit Voice Recorder Cockpit Voice Recorder Control Panel ( 1 ) Clockwise (cw) . ( 2 ) Continuous Wave.

CWM CWP CWS D8PSK D&O DA D/A DABS DADC DADS DAP DAPs DAR Comparator Warning Monitor ( 1 ) Controlled Working Position. ( 2 ) Controller Working Position Control Wheel Steering Differential Eight Phase Shift Keying Description and Operation ( 1 ) Descent Advisor . using VHF communication frequencies. Subpart C. An independent backup to main ATC computers. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Dynamic Aircraft Route Planning Study Designated Alteration Station: A designation of Authority authorized by the FAA under FAR Part 21. ( 2 ) DBS Antenna Unit DARP DARC DARPA DARPS DAS Data Link D-ATIS DAU 28 . Digital Automatic Terminal Information System ( 1 ) Data Acquisition Unit . Subpart M. ATCSS is a data link system used by the air traffic control system. Dynamic Aircraft Route Planning Direct Access Radar Channel. ACARS is a data link system used by airline command. A system that allows exchange of digital data over an RF link. ( 2 ) Drift Angle Digital-to-Analog Discrete Addressable Beacon System Digital Air Data Computer Digital Air Data System Digital Service Access Product Downlink of Aircraft Parameters Designated Airworthiness Representative-A designation of authority by the FAA. authorized under FAR Part 183. control and management system .

( 2 ) Decibels referenced to an isotopic antenna Downlink Block Identifier Decibel(s) below 1 milliwatt Database Management System Direct Broadcast Satellite Decibels referenced to 1 watt Decibel-Watts Database Unit Direct Current Display and Crew Alerting system Digital Control Audio System Demand and Capacity Balancing Double Channel Duplex. for simultaneous communication. one channel for receive and one channel for transmit operations. DCE DCGF DCL DCMF DCMS DCN DCP 29 . ( 2 ) Document Change Notice .DB dB dBA DBi DBI dBm DBMX DBS DBw dBW DBU DC DCA DCAS DCB DCD Database Decibel Decibels Adjusted ( 1 ) Decibels above isotopic circular. Data Communications Equipment Data Conversion Gateway Function Departure CLearance Data Communication Management Function Data Communication Management System ( 1 ) Design Change Notice . A communication system using two RF channels. ( 3 ) Drawing Change Notice Display Control Panel: Used to operate modes of EFIS system.

( 2 ) Distance Data Adapter Dual Disk Drive Direct Dial Indicator Decoder Digital Interface Box Difference in Depth of Modulation. 6. a measurement used in conjunction with ILS signals. 4. Numbers include 0. 8. One channel is disabled while the other channel is used to transmit. The ground facilities consist of a master station and several slave stations. Draft Document Review Direct Digital Synthesizer Downlink Data Transfer Data Link Delivery of Expected Taxi Clearances Display Drive Unit Design Eye Box. ( 2 ) Data Dictionary ( 1 ) Digital Differential Analyzer . 1. 7. Dedicated DCU DCV DD DDA DDD DDI DDIB DDM DDP DDR DDS DDT DDTC DDU DEB DECCA Decimal ded 30 . A navigation system widely used by shipping in Europe. Data Concentrator Unit Directional Control Valve ( 1 ) Data Delivery . A control document required by the United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) for certification of avionics equipment. 2. Declarations of Design and Performance. Base-10 counting system. 3. The three dimensional volume in space surrounding the Design Eye Position from which the HUD information can be viewed. 5. 9.DCS Double Channel Simplex. A communication system using two RF channels for nonsimultaneous communication.

( 1 ) Departure .DEFDARS DEFL DEG DEL Demand Mode Digital Expandable Flight Data Acquisition and Recording System Deflection Degree Delete An ACARS mode of operation in which communications may be initiated by the ground processor or the airborne system. Subpart B. The position at each pilot’s station from which a seated pilot achieves the optimum combination of outside visibility and instrument scan. Digital Flight Data Recorder Digital Flight Data Unit Dual Function Interactive Display Unit Digital Flight Instrument Unit Digital Frequency Select DEP DER DES DESCR DES DEST DEV DF DFA DFCS DFDAF DFDAMU DFDAU DFDR DFDU DFIDU DFIU DFS Desensitization TCAS sensitivity level (threat volume) reduction 31 . The DFDAU samples. Destination Deviation Definition File Direction Finding Antenna Digital Flight Control System Digital Flight Data Acquisition Function Digital Flight Data Acquisition Management Unit Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit. Descent Description Descent: An autopilot Flight director mode. Designated Engineering Representative: Designation of authority by the FAA authorized under FAR Part 183. ( 2 ) Design Eye Position. conditions and digitizes the flight data.

( 3 ) Direction A DME operating mode that allows an FMCS to select one to five DME stations for interrogation. Direction Generale de l’Avaiation Civile (France’s Civil Aviation Agency). The most common package configuration for integrated circuits. ( 2 ) Director . ( 1 ) Direct . ( 2 ) Decision Height: Specified height in the precision approach at which a missed approach must be initiated if the required visual reference to continue the approach has not been established. Display Distance Data Information Transfer System DGAC DGNSS DGPS DH DI DIAGS DIB DID DIP DIR Directed Mode DIR/INTC DISC DISCH DISCR DISCRETES DISP DIST DITS 32 . ( 2 ) Dual In-line Package. Data Interrupt Diagrams Digital Interface Box Data Item Description ( 1 ) Data Interrupt Program .DFU DG Digital Function Unit Directional Gyro: Mode of AHS operation that provides heading data without the benefit of a flux (AHRS) or normal alignment (IRS). Direct Intercept Disconnect Discharge Discrepancy A general term for a single wire signal that is either off or on. Differential Global Navigation Satellite System Differential Global Positioning System ( 1 ) Dataflash Header .

DL DLAP DLC DLCI DLE DLGF DLI DLK DLL DLM DLME DL/MSU DLODS DLP DLS DLSP DLT DLU DM DMA DME ( 1 ) Data Link . Data Management Function DME/N DME/P DME Search DMF 33 . Abbreviation for a DME normal system Abbreviation for a DME precision system In this mode. the DME scans from 0 mile to the outer range for a reply pulse pair after transmitting an interrogation pulse pair. ( 2 ) Dynamic Link Library Data Link Management Unit Data Link and Message Engineering Data Loader/Mass Storage Unit Duct Leak and Overheat Detection Data Link Processor Data Load System Data Link Service Provider Digital Lineal Tape-used for the storage of video and audio files Download Unit Disconnected Mode Direct Memory Access Distance Measuring Equipment. ( 2 ) Downlink Data Link Application Processor Data Link Control Display Unit Data Link Control Identifier Data Link Entity Data Load Gateway Function Data Link Interpreter program Data Link (AEEC) ( 1 ) Data Link Library . A system that provides distance information from a ground station to an aircraft.

Issued 03/22/85 Delegation Option Authorization: A delegation of authority authorized by the FAA under FAR Part 21. Issued 12/04/89 RTCA document 178. Disk Operating System Department of Transportation Dynamic Ocean Tracking System The radio transmission path downward from the aircraft to the earth. Documentation Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications Department of Defense Dynamic Object Orientated Requirements System The change in frequency observed at the receiver when the transmitter and receiver are in motion relative to each other.DMIR DMM DMN DMS DMU DO-160 Designated Manufacturing Inspection Representative ( 1 ) Data Memory Module . Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification. ( 2 ) Digital Multimeter Data Multiplexing Network Debris Monitoring Sensor Data Management Unit RTCA Document 160. Subpart J. Departure Procedures Boeing Engineering Process Council Display Process Action Team Digital Passenger Control Unit dots per inch Decision Point Process DO-178 DOA DOC DOCSIS DOD DOORS Doppler Effect DOS DOT DOTS Downlink DP DPAT DPCU Dpi DPP 34 . Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment.

( 2 ) Domain Service Unit DRER Drift Angle DRN DSAD DSARC DSB DSDU DSF DSP DSPDRV DSPY DSR DSS DSSS DST DSU 35 . ( 3 ) Dead Reckoning: The worst degraded mode of FMS navigation. ( 2 ) Display Select Panel .DPR DPSK DQG DR Dual Port RAM Differential Phase Shift Keying Digital Quartz Gyro ( 1 ) Data Reconing . position is computed by monitoring speed and direction since last known position. ( 3 ) Domain Specific Part Display Driver Display (annunciation on CDU) Display System Replacement Decision Support Systems Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Decision Support Tool ( 1 ) Data Signaling Unit . Data Signal Display Unit Display System Function ( 1 ) Digital Signal Processor . ( 2 ) Data Receptacle . Requires the same bandwidth as the AM signal. Document Release Notice Digital Service Access Device Defense System Acquisition Review Cycle Double Side Band. DR is displayed when no raw position data is received by the FMS for a set time delay. Sometimes called the crab angle. Designated Radio Engineering Representative (FAA) The angle between heading and track. In such situations. It is due to the effect of wind currents. An AM signal with the carrier removed.

Demonstration and Validation Facility Digital Visual Interface Digital Voltmeter Direct WAN Distance Dynamic Pressure is the difference between pitot and static pressure. Operation is in the L-band frequency range. RAM constructed of capacitor elements.DTC DTD DTE DT&E DTG DTK DTMF DTM DTPDU DTU DU Design To Cost ( 1 ) Data Terminal Display . Memory cells must be periodically refreshed to keep capacitors from discharging and losing data. DUAT Duplex Direct User Access Terminal A communication operation that uses the simultaneous operation of the transmit and receive equipment at two locations. Dual Mode DME An airborne DMERT capable of processing . (See “Static RAM”) ( 1 ) East . ( 2 ) Document Type Definition Data Terminal Equipment Development Test and Evaluation Distance-to-go Desired Track Dual Tone Multi-Frequency Demonstration Test Milestone Data Protocol Data Unit Data Transfer Unit Display Unit DME/N and DME/P ground station signals. ( 2 ) Elevator Experimental Aircraft Association Electronic Attitude Director Indicator DVF DVI DVM DWAN DX Dynamic Pressure Dynamic RAM E EAA EADI 36 . .

An automated data storage system. Earth-Fixed The portion of the radiated energy reflected back to the antenna from the target (WXR).EAFR EAI EAP EAROM EARS EARTS EAS EASA EASIE EATCHIP EATMS EBACE EC ECAC ECAM ECARS ECEF Echo ECL ECM ECMP ECON ECP ECS Enhanced Airborne Flight Recorder Engine Anti-Ice Engine Alert Processor Electrically Alterable ROM Engineering Activity Reporting System En route Automated Radar Tracking System Equivalent Airspeed Europeon Aviation Safety Agency Enhanced ATM and Mode S Implementation in Europe European Air Traffic Control Harmonization and Integration Programme European Air Traffic Management Systems European Business Aviation Convention and Exhibition Event Criterion European Civil Aviation Conference Electronic Caution Alert Module Enhanced ACARS Earth-Centered. Electronic Checklist Electronic Control Module Electronic Component Management System Economy (minimum cost speed schedule) EICAS Control Panel ( 1 ) Engineering Compiler System. . ( 2 ) Environmental Control System . ( 3 ) Event Criterion Subfield Left Environmental Control System Card ECS Miscellaneous Card ECSL ECSMC 37 .

g. ( 3 ) External Compensation Unit EICAS Display End-of-Descent Electronic Design Automation Error Detection and Correction (used interchangeably with EDC) Error Detection and Correction Electronic Document Distribution Service Electronic Digital Flight Control System Engine Data Interface Engine Data Interface Function Engine Data Interface Unit Electronic Data Management System ( 1 ) Electronic Data Processing . ( 2 ) Electronic Control Unit . ( 3 ) Engineering Development Pallet Electronic Display Unit Electronic Data Services Electronics Equipment (e. EE-Bay) Electronic Engine Control Electrical Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory ELMS Electronics Unit Electronic Flight Bag Expected Further Clearance Electronic Flight Display Expanded Flight Data Recorder Electronic Flight Instrument Controller Electronic Flight Instrument Processor Electronic Flight Instrument System ED E/D EDA EDAC EDC EDDS EDFCS EDI EDIF EDIU EDMS EDP EDU EDS EE EEC EEPROM EEU EFB EFC EFD EFDR EFIC EFIP EFIS 38 .ECSR ECU Right Environmental Control System Card ( 1 ) EICAS Control Unit . ( 2 ) Engine Driven Pump .

EFISCP EFVS EGIHO EELV EGNOS EGP EGPWS EGT EHSI EHV EI EIA EICAS EFIS Control Panel Enhanced Flight Vision System Expedited Ground Initiated Handoff Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle European Geostationary Navigation Overlay System Exterior Gateway Protocol Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System Exhaust Gas Temperature Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator Electro-Hydraulic Valve Engine Indication Electronic Industries Association Engine Indication and Crew Alert System: System that combines engine parameters and aircraft system status. ( 3 ) Entry-In-Service Extended Industry Standard Architecture EFIS/EICAS Interface Unit Electronic Logbook and Fault Correction Guide Electronic Logbook In-Service Evaluation Emitter Coupled Logic Electrical Elevation Extended Length Message Electrical Load Management System Electronic Library System EICASC EIPI EIRP EIS EISA EIU EL/FCG ELB/ISE ELC ELEC ELEV ELM ELMS ELS 39 . Engine Indication and Crew Alert System Controls Extended Initial Protocol Identifier Earth Incident Radiated Power ( 1 ) Electronic Instrument System . ( 2 ) Engine Indication System .

The principal E-Plane also contains the direction of maximum radiation. Electrically Programmable Logic Device Enhanced Parallel Port Engine Pressure Ratio Erasable Programmable ROM Electrical Power System Estimated Position Uncertainty Equipment EPLD EPP EPR EPROM EPS EPU EQUIP 40 .ELT EM EMC EMER EMG EMI EMS ENG ENOC ENQ EN RTE E/O EOD EOM EOT EP EPC EPCS E-PIREPS E-Plane Emergency Locator Transmitter Element Manager ( 1 ) Electromagnetic Compatibility. ( 2 ) Engine Management System Engine Engineering Network Operations Center Enquire En Route Engine-Out End Of Day End Of Message End Of Text External Power External Power Contactor Engine Propulsion Control System Electronic Pilot Reports The E-Plane is the plane of an antenna that contains the electric field. ( 2 ) Entertainment Multiplexer Controller Emergency Emergency Electro-Magnetic Interference ( 1 ) Emergency Medical Services .

Equivalent Airspeed (EAS) ERPDU ERA ERB ERD ERDI ERE ERP ERPPDU ERQPDU ERU ES ESA ESAS E-Scan ESD ESDS ESE ESH ESID ESIS ESR ESS ESSD ESSP EST Equivalent Airspeed is a direct measure of the incompressible free stream of dynamic pressure. ( 2 ) Enterprise Resource Planning Echo Reply Protocol Data Unit Echo Request Protocol Data Unit Engine Relay Unit ( 1 ) End System . Echo Reply Protocol Data Unit European Regional Airlines Association Engineering Review Board End Routing Domain En Route Domain Infrastructure External Roll Extrusion ( 1 ) Eye Reference Point . See also ESDS. ( 2 ) Enhanced Situational Awareness System Electronic Scanning Electrostatic Discharge Electrostatic Sensitive Devices. Environmental Stress Screen Procedure Estimated 41 . Also known as ESSD. ( 2 ) Environmental Stress Screening Electro Static Sensitive Devices. It is CAS corrected for compressibility effects. ( 2 ) Extended Squitter European Space Agency ( 1 ) Electronic Situation Awareness System. COTS Ethernet Switching Equipment End System Hello Engine and System Indication Display Engine and System Indication System Energy Storage/Control ( 1 ) Electronic Switching System .

ESU ET ETA Environmental Sensor Unit Elapsed Time Estimated Time of Arrival: The estimated time to arrive at some navigational position based on present position and estimated ground speed. ( 2 ) Engineering Test Band Estimated Time of Departure Elapsed Time Indicator Elapsed Time Measurement Enhanced Traffic Management System Extended Twin Engine Operations Equal Time Point Expected Taxi Ramp Clearances Enhanced Terminal Voice Switch ( 1 ) End of Transmission . ( 1 ) End of Block (ASC II/IA5 character) . ( 2 ) Entry Task Exit Enhanced Upper Air Forecast System External Uninterruptible Power Supply European European ATN European Transport European Organization for Civil Aviation Electronics. European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation Operations Earned Value Error Vector Magnitude Enhanced Vision System Executive Extension ETB ETD ETI ETM ETMS ETOPS ETP ETRC ETVS ETX EUAFS EUPS EUR EURATN EURET EurOCAE EUROCONTROL EV EVM EVS EXEC EXT 42 . A regulatory agency for avionics certification in Europe.

should not: . ( 2 ) Federal Aviation Authority FAA Technical Center (U. Fahrenheit Final Approach ( 1 ) Federal Aviation Administration (U. ( 1 ) Cause significant displacement of the aircraft from its approach path or altitude loss below the nominal glidepath. A probability of occurrence greater than 1 x 10^-9 but less than or equal to 1 x 10^-7 hour of flight. (AMJ 52.g.1309).S.1309). ( 3 ) Cause any action of the flight control system that is not readily apparent to the pilot. .).) ( 1 ) Flight Augmentation Computer .g. or per e vent (e. ...Extremely Improbable Extremely Remote A probability of occurrence less than or equal to 1 x 10^-9 per hour of flight.S. F FA FAA FAATC FAC FADEC FAF FAI Fail Operation System Fail Passive System Fail Passive (Collins Autopilot) 43 . takeoff. ( 2 ) Upon system disconnection. involve any outof-trim condition not easily controlled by the pilot. causes no significant deviation of aircraft. Alert Height). or per event (e.g. A single failure. either by control movement or advisory display. System which. takeoff. landing) (AMJ 25. ( 2 ) Final Approach Course Full Authority Digital Electronic Control Final Approach Fix First Article Inspection System capable of completing the specified phases of an operation following the failure of any single system component after passing a point designated by the applicable safety analysis (e. in the event of a failure. landing).

( 2 ) Frame Check Sequence Fail Soft (Collins Autopilot) Fan Marker FANS FAP FAR FAS FAST FAT FBL FBO FBW FC FCA FCAF FC-AV FCC FCDC FCOM FCP FCS 44 . ( b ) Fail safe means that an Autopilot complies with the requirements of AC25.4 in pitch and less than 5 deg/sec of roll rate. Standard fan marker produces an elliptical-shaped pattern . Limited aircraft disturbance for any single faultless than 0. principal structural element. Future Air Navigation System Final Approach Point ( 1 ) Federal Acquisition Regulation. ( 2 ) Federal Aviation Regulation Final Approach Segment Final Approach Spacing Tool Factory Acceptance Test Fly-By-Light Fixed Base Operator Fly-By-Wire Foot Candles Functional Configuration Audit Flight Data Acquisition Fibre Channel-Audio Video ( 1 ) Federal Communications Commission .1329-1A. A marker beacon used to provide identification of positions along airways. A second type produces a dumbbell-shaped pattern. ( 2 ) Flight Control Processor ( 1 ) Flight Control System .Fail Safe ( a ) Fail safe means that the structure has been evaluated to assure that catastrophic failure is not probable after fatigue failure or obvious partial failure of a single. ( 2 ) Flight Control Computer Flight Critical dc Flight Crew Operating Manual ( 1 ) Flight Control Panel . .

( 3 ) Flight Dynamics .FD ( 1 ) Final Data . ( 4 ) Forward Display Flight Data Acquisition Function Flight Data Acquisition Unit Flight Plan Data Bank ( 1 ) Flight Detection Exclusion . ( 2 ) Flight Director . A system where the messages are transmitted over a common path by employing a different frequency band for each signal. Frequency Division Multiple Access Flight Data Processing System Flight Data Recorder Flight Data Recorder System Flight Display System Flux Detector Unit Future European Air Traffic Management System Forward Error Correction Front End Processor Fuel Flow Free Flight Steering Committee Flight Guidance Computer Flight Guidance Panel: A LRU used for controlling the modes of the flight director. ( 2 ) Flight Deck Enhancement Fiber Distributed Data Interface Flight Data Entry Panel Flight Deck Handset Fault Detection and Isolation Flight Data Input/Output Frequency Division Multiplex. Flight Guidance System FDAF FDAU FDB FDE FDDI FDEP FDH FDI FDIO FDM FDMA FDPS FDR FDRS FDS FDU FEATS FEC FEP FF FFSC FGC FGP FGS 45 .

FHA FHSS FHW FIB FIFO FIM FIR FIS ( 1 ) Functional Hazard Assessment/Analysis .000 ft) for the United States. ( 2 ) Foot Lambert Flight Level 180: The transition altitude (18. At this altitude. ( 2 ) Flight Management Flight Mode Annunciator ( 1 ) Flight Director Control (FD). This terminology is used to describe aircraft attitude when the altimeter is set at QNE.92 in-Hg). First Out Fault Isolation Manual Flight Information Region ( 1 ) Flight Information Service . ( 2 ) Flight Information System . Flight Level Change Forward Looking Infra-Red Flight Line Maintenance Flight Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance Flight Control Flight Instrument Forward Looking Windshear Radar ( 1 ) Frequency Modulation . . ( 3 ) Flight Instrument System Flight Information Services-Broadcast Position in space. the pilot sets the barometric correction to standard atmospheric pressure (29. ( 2 ) Flight Management Computer (FMCS) FIS-B FIX FL FL 180 FLCH FLIR FLM FLT FLTA FLTCTRL FLTINST FLW FM FMA FMC 46 . ( 2 ) Fault Hazard Assessment Frequency Hopped Spread Spectrum Fault History Word Forwarding Information Base First In . usually on aircraft’s flight plan ( 1 ) Flight Level (as in FL 410 ).

FMCF FMCS FMCW FMEA FMF FMP FMS FMU F/O Flight Management Computer Function Flight Management Computer System Frequency-Modulated Continuous Wave Failure Mode and Effects Analysis Flight Management Function Flight Mode Panel Flight Management System Fuel Metering Unit ( 1 ) First Officer . ( 3 ) Fiber Optic Fuel on Board ( 1 ) Fuel/Oil Cooler . ( 2 ) Fuel/Oil Cooler . ( 2 ) Focal Plane Array Flight Path Acceleration Flight Profile Comparator Field Programmable Gate Array Flight Plan Feet Per Minute Flight Plan Target Altitude Flight Path Vector Fuel Quantity Indicating System Fuel Quantity Processor Unit Formal Qualification Review From Flap Retract ion Altitude FOB FOC FOEB FOG FOQA FOV FPA FPAC FPC FPGA FPLN FPM FPTA FPV FQIS FQPU FQR FR FRA 47 . ( 2 ) Full Operational Capability Flight Operations Evaluation Board Fiber Optic Gyro Flight Operations Quality Assurance Field Of View ( 1 ) Flight Path Angle .

Uses both localizer and the glideslope. File Transfer Protocol Fault Tolerant Power Panel FTP FTPP 48 . Free-Route Experimental Encounter Resolution A DME operating mode that will provide distance data to all DME ground stations within the DME range (LOS). It does not include blunder errors. Federal Radionavigation Plan Fixed Reception Pattern Antenna Frequency Flight Service Automation System Flight Standardization Board Field Service Engineer Flap Slat Electronics Unit Flight Safety Foundation Flight Service Station File Server Unit ( 1 ) Functional Test . Fault Reporting Manual Frame Reject ILS approach made from the end of the runway for which the localizer is calibrated. Frequency The ability of a receiver-transmitter to rapidly and continually shift operating frequency.FRAD Framing Pulse FREER Free Scan Mode FREQ Frequency FRM FRMR FRONTCOURSE FRP FRPA FRQ FSAS FSB FSE FSEU FSF FSS FSU FT FTE Frame Relay Access Device A pulse that is used to mark the beginning or end of the coded reply pulses. ( 2 ) Feet Flight Technical Error: The accuracy with which the aircraft is controlled as measured by the indicated aircraft position with respect to the indicated command or desired position.

A term referring to error introduced in a GPS calculation due to the positioning of the satellites and the receiver.FUA FW FWC FWD FWS FYDS GaAsFET GA GAAS GACS GAIT GAMA GAN GATM GBAS GBST Gbyte GCAS GCB GCC GCIS GCP GCS GCU GDLP GDOP Flexible Use Airspace Failure Warning Flight Warning Computer Forward Flight Warning System Flight Director/Yaw Damper System Gallium Arsenide Field Affect Transistor ( 1 ) General Aviation . Ground Delay Program Graphics Engine 4 Generator GDP GE4 GEN 49 . ( 2 ) Go Around Gallium Arsenide Genetic ATN Communications Service Ground-based Augmentation and Integrity General Aviation Manufacturers Association Global Area Network Global Air Traffic Management Ground Based Augmentation System Ground-Based Software Tool Gigabyte (billion bytes) Ground Collision Avoidance System Generator Circuit Breaker Ground Cluster Controller (ACARS) Global Component Information System Generic Control Panel (circuit card) Ground Clutter Suppression Generator Control Unit Ground Data Link Processor Geometric Dilution Of Precision.

The vertical guidance portion of an ILS system. ( 2 ) Group Length The approach path used by an aircraft during an instrument landing or the portion of the glideslope that intersects the localizer.GEO GES GFE GFI GFSK GG GGM GGTFM GGR GGS GH GHz GI GIB GIC GICB GIGO GIHO GL Glidepath Geostationary Earth Orbit Ground Earth Station Government Furnished Equipment General Format Identifier Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying ( 1 ) Graphics Generator . GPS Landing and Navigation System GPS Landing and Navigation Unit Global Navigation Satellite System ( 1 ) GPS/GNSS Landing System . ( 2 ) Ground-Ground Graphics Generator Module Ground-Ground Traffic Flow Management Ground-Ground Router Global Positioning System Ground Station Ground Handling Gigahertz (billion hertz) Group Identifier GNSS Integrity Broadcast GNSS Integrity Channel Ground-Initiated Comm-B Garbage-In Garbage-Out Ground Initiated Handoff ( 1 ) Ground Location (ACARS/AFEPS) . ( 2 ) Gun Laying System GPS/GNSS Landing Unit Glideslope GLNS GLNU GLONASS GLS GLU 50 . The glide path does not provide guidance completely to a touch down point on the runway.

England. GMT is a universal time scale based upon the mean angle of rotation of the earth about its axis in relation to the sun. Inertial Reference System Gigabits per second General Purpose Instrument Bus GMU GND GNE GNLS GNLU GNR GNSS GNSSP GNU Goniometer GOS GOSIP GPA GPADIRS Gbps GPIB 51 . The mechanical position of the rotor represents the bearing of the station. It is referenced to the prime meridian that passes through Greenwich. The goniometer (or resolver) contains two fixed coils and one rotating coil. Similar concept to glideslope angle. and the position is electrically transmitted to the RMI. Global Positioning. The rotating coil is connected to the ADF bearing indicator needle to indicate the relative bearing from the aircraft to the NDB station. Air Data.GM GMC GMT Guidance Material Ground Movement Control Greenwich Mean Time. Global Network Architecture Ground Gross Navigational Error GNSS Navigator and Landing System GNSS Navigator and Landing Unit Global Navigation Receiver Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Panel GNSS Navigator Unit A device that combines the two signals from two loop antennas. Grade of Service Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile Glide Path Angle: The angle between the ground and the glidepath.

A cyclic code having only one digit change at a time. Geographic Reference Point ( 1 ) Glideslope: Radio signal that provides vertical guidance in an instrument landing. ( 2 ) Global Positioning Satellite Global Positioning System L1 Frequency Global Positioning System Sensor Unit Ground Power Unit Ground Proximity Warning Computer Ground Proximity Warning System Ground Router Gridded Binary (National Weather Service Model Output) The rate at which a variable quantity increases or decreases. Used in Mode C to transmit aircraft barometric altitude.GPM GPP GPS GPS L1 GPSSU GPU GPWC GPWS GR GRIB Gradient Gray Code General Purpose Module General Purpose Processor ( 1 ) Global Positioning System (See NAVSTAR) . Special binary code used to transmit altitude data between framing pulses of a transponder reply. Ground Station Controller (ACARS) Ground Support Equipment Ground Station Information Frame Global Systems Mobile Ground Station Management System Glare Shield Panel Gray Scale Voltage(s) Ground Wave GRP GS G/S GSC GSE GSIF GSM GSMS GSP GSV 52 . ( 2 ) Ground Speed Glideslope: Radio signal that provides vertical guidance in an instrument landing. . Also known as Gilham code. A radio wave that travels along the earth’s surface.

Highly Accelerated Life Testing Hot Air Management System HGS Annunciator Panel High Altitude Route System Height Above Touchdown HGS Computer ( 1 ) Head-Up Control Panel. (Sean-Free™) Handbook Head Down Display HAD “Halo” HALT HAMS HAP HARS HAT HC HCP HCI HCS HCU HCW HDBK HDD 53 . no matter which direct ion the gyroscope mount is turned. Hardware Architecture Document Means there is a thin black line (halo) around the symbol or character. ( 2 ) HGS Control Panel Human Computer Interface Host Computer System HUD Combiner Unit Heavily Cold Worked Pipe and Tube . ( 2 ) Gross Weight Graphical Weather Services A rotating device that will maintain its original plane of rotation.GT GTA GTC GTR GUI GVE GW GWS Gyroscope Greater Than General Terms Agreement Data Link Ground Terminal Computer General Technical Requirements Graphic/User Interface Graphics Vector Engine ( 1 ) Gateway . Haloing is used when appropriate to allow characters and/or symbols to be clearly seen when they are displayed against a solid background color (Such as the Sky/Ground).

High Energy Radio Frequency Interference ( 1 ) High Frequency. ( 2 ) Human Factors High-Frequency Data Link HF Data Modem High Frequency Data Radio High Frequency Network Protocol Data Unit High Frequency System Human Factor Study Group HF Sub Network Layer High Gain Antenna Head-Up Guidance Computer ( 1 ) Head-Up Guidance System . The portion of the radio spectrum from 3 to 30 MHz. HF communication systems operate in the 2 to 30 MHz portion of the spectrum. True heading is reference to true north. Heading Select Hard Disk Hybrid Data Link High-Level Data Link Control High-Level Data Link Control-Balanced Hybrid Data Link Management System Horizontal Dilution of Precision Inertial Vertical Speed Hardware Development Plan Altitude Error The direction of an aircraft path with respect to magnetic or true north. Magnetic heading is referenced to magnetic north. ( 2 ) HUD Guidance System HDGSEL HDISK HDL HDLC HDLC-B HDLMS HDOP HDOT HDP HE Heading HERF HF HFDL HFDM HFDR HFNPDU HFS HFSG HFSNL HGA HGC HGS 54 . .HDG Heading: The angular relation of the longitudinal axis of the aircraft with respect to a reference.

( 2 ) HectoPascal: A unit of pressure in the . (Hecto=100) .HHLD HI HIC HIL HIRF HLCS HLE HLL HM HMF HMI HMOS HMU HO HOLD HOW HP HPA Heading Hold High ( 1 ) Head Impact Criteria. The H-Plane is perpendicular to the E-Plane. ( 2 ) Head Injury Criteria Horizontal Integrity Limit ( 1 ) High Intensity Radiated Field. hecto Pascal High Pressure Compressor The H-Plane is the plane in which the magnetic field of the antenna lies. (1 Pascal=1 Newton per square meter). ( 2 ) Holding Pattern ( 1 ) High Power Amplifier . High-Power Relay Pressure Altitude High-Pressure Shutoff Valve High-Pressure Turbine hPa HPC H-Plane HPR HPRES HPSOV HPT 55 . ( 2 ) High Intensity Radio Frequency High Lift Control System Higher Layer Entity High Level Language Health Management Health Management Function Human Machine Interface High Density Metal Oxide Semiconductor Height Monitoring Unit Handoff Holding Pattern Hand Over Word ( 1 ) High Pressure . meter-kilogram-second system.

glideslope. radio source. Hardware and Software Integration Test Heading Select High Stability Reference Hot Standby Routing Protocol High Speed Transceivers Horizontal Stabilizer Trim Actuator Highest Two-way Channel Head-Up Display High-Voltage Power Supply Hardware Hardware Configuration Item Headwind Hardware/Software Heat Exchanger Hydraulic Hydraulic Interface Module Hertz (cycles per second) Integrated Information System International Aeronautical Communications Service Provider Interface International Alphabet Number 5 Integrated ARINC Ground Station Internet Assigned Number Authority HSIT HSL HSR HSRP HST HSTA HTC HUD HVPS HW HWCI HWND HW/SW HX HYD HYDIM Hz I2S IACSP I/F IA5 IAGS IANA 56 . course and heading information. distance. An indicator that displays bearing.HPU HRD HSA HSACE HS-DSAD HSI HUD Projector Unit Home Routing Domain Horizontal Stabilizer Actuator Horizontal Stabilizer Actuator Control Electronics High Speed Frame Relay Service Access Device Horizontal Situation Indicator.

( 3 ) Interactive Design Center Interline Communications Manual Internet Control Message Protocol Integrated Communication s. ( 2 ) Intercabinet International Civil Aviation Organization (Montreal) IAPS Card Cage International Civil Certification Authorities International Coordinating Council of Aerospace Industries ( 1 ) Installation Control Drawing. It is the actual instrument indication for a given flight condition. International Air Transport Association In Accordance With International Business Aviation Council ( 1 ) Integrated Circuit . Navigation and Identification Avionics Initial Conflict Probe Integrated Communication Switching System IASP IATA IAW IBAC IC ICAO ICC ICCA ICCAIA ICD ICM ICMP ICNIA ICP ICSS 57 .IAOA IAOPA IAPA IAPS IARP IAS Indicated Angle-of-Attack International Council of Aircraft Owners and Pilots Associations Instrument Approach Procedures Automation Integrated Avionics Processing System Inverse Address Resolution Protocol Indicated Airspeed is the speed indicated by a differential pressure airspeed indicator that measures the actual pressure differential in the pitot-static head. IAS Profile: An autopilot/flight director mode that commands the aircraft to fly pre-programmed airspeed values. ( 2 ) Interface Control Drawing.

ICU ID IDC IDE Ident Instrument Comparator Unit Identifier Indicator Display/Control Integrated Development Environment The action of the transponder transmitting an extra pulse along with its identification code (at the request of a controller). ( 2 ) Integrated Display System . ( 3 ) Information Display System Interactive Display Unit IAPS Environmental Control Module Insertion Extraction Device Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Integrated Engine Pressure Ratio Interactive Electronic Training Manual Intermediate Frequency. A frequency to which a signal is shifted as an in-between step in the reception or transmission of a signal. Initial Domain Identifier Integrated Drive Generator Integrated Decision Making Initial Domain Part Inter-Domain Routing Protocol ( 1 ) Ice Detection System . International Federation of Airline Pilots Association International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers’ Associations In-Flight Entertainment Integrated Initial Flight Plan Processing System Instrument Flight Rules International Frequency Registration Board Intermediate Gain Antenna IDI IDG IDM IDP IDRP IDS IDU IEC IED IEEE IEPR IETM IF(if) IFALPA IFATCA IFE IFPS IFR IFRB IGA 58 .

INIT INJ INMARSAT 59 . Inner Marker Beacon: When present. Information Frame Inches of Mercury Initialization Injection International Maritime Satellite Organization IM IMA IMAS IMC IMG IMI IMOK IMPATT Diode IMS IMU INBD IND Indicated Altitude INFO in. The system provides lateral. This type of diode. MB used in conjunction with ILS. Integrated Master Schedule ( 1 ) Inertial Measurement Unit .hg. ( 2 ) IF Multiplexer Unit In Inch ( 1 ) Inboard . produces microwave oscillations and amplification. a long-course and vertical guidance to aircraft attempting a landing. ( 2 ) Inbound Indicator The altitude above mean sea level (uncorrected for temperature). Integrated Modular Avionics Integrated Mission Avionics System Instrument Meteorological Conditions Implementation Management Group Imbedded Message Identifier I’m Okay Impact Avalanche and Transmit Time. when mounted in an appropriate cavity. intercepts glideslope approximately 100 feet above touchdown.IGES IGIA IGS IGV ILM ILS Standardized Graphics Exchange File Interagency Group on International Aviation Integrated Ground Software Inlet Guide Vane Independent Landing Monitor Instrument Landing System.

Input/Output. Accuracy of the system decreases with respect to time. Refers to bi-directional data ports. black characters are created by a red background rather than writing red characters).. ( 2 ) Input/Output Concentrator.INOP INPH INS Inoperative. dead-reckoning system that senses the acceleration along the three axes of the aircraft and calculates the distance traveled from a reference point. A self-contained. Interphone Inertial Navigation System. ( 2 ) Intermediate Pressure . Instrument Intercept Internet Network Information Center Intersections An altitude reporting aircraft that is being considered as a potential threat and processed by the threat detection logic (TCAS). not working. ( 1 ) Initial Operational Capability. ( 3 ) Input/Output Controller Institute of Navigation Indian Ocean Region Internet Operating System Initial Operational Test and Evaluation ( 1 ) Instructor Pilot . A video display technique that surrounds characters or digits with a color rather than creating those characters or digits from a color (i. ( 3 ) Internet Protocol . ( 4 ) Intellectual Property Informational Pacific Air Traffic Control Coordinating Group Illustrated Parts Breakdown INST INTC Interknit INTERS Intruder Inverse Video I/O IOC ION IOR IOS IOT&E IP IPACG IPB 60 .e.

( 3 ) Isolation Refer to contour ISO Protocol Architecture IPD IPI IPL IPM IPR IPS IPT IR IRD IRE IRP IRS IRU ISA ISC ISDN ISDOS ISDS ISH ISLN ISO Iso-Contour ISOPA 61 . ( 2 ) Interface Requirements Specification Inertial Reference Unit ( 1 ) Industry Standard Architecture. ( 2 ) Integrated Product Delivery Initial Protocol Identifier Illustrated Parts List Integrated Performance Management Internet Protocol Router In-Plane-Switching ( 1 ) Intermediate Pressure Turbine . ( 2 ) Integrated Processing Cabinet.IPC ( 1 ) Illustrated Parts Catalog. ( 2 ) International Standard Atmosphere Integrated Systems Controller Integrated Services Digital Network Information System Design and Optimization System In-Service Data System Intermediate System Hello Isolation ( 1 ) International Organization for Standardization. ( 2 ) Integrated Product Team Infrared Integrated Receiver/Decoder Internal Roll Extrusion Integrated Refuel Panel ( 1 ) Inertial Reference System. ( 2 ) International Standards Organization . ( 3 ) Intermediate Pressure Compressor ( 1 ) Industrial Products Division.

( 2 ) Inter-Turbine Temperature International Telecommunications Union Internal Uninterruptible Power Supply Isolation Valve Interchangeable Virtual Instrumentation Instantaneous Vertical Speed Indicator Integrated Terminal Weather System Joint Aviation Authority Joint Airworthiness Requirement Joint Airworthiness Requirements–All Weather Operations Jet Assisted Takeoff Joint Conceptual Definition Phase Joint Development Concept Phase Joint Definition Phase ITO ITS ITSE ITT ITU IUPS IV IVI IVSI ITWS JAA JAR JAR-AWO JAO JCDP JDCP JDP 62 . Indium-Tin Oxide Integrated Test System Integrated Test and Support Environment ( 1 ) Interstage Turbine Temperature. ( 1 ) Integrated Switching Panel. labels and distributes all video cassettes. ( 2 ) Internet Service Provider Interrupt Service Routine ( 1 ) Impending Stall Speed . Facility that checks. ( 2 ) Integrated Surveillance System Intermediate System Subnetwork Integrated Surveillance System Processor Unit Initial Signal Unit Institute of Air Transport Information Technology Management is the ground based portion of an ADMS (See also EDMS ).ISQC ISP ISR ISS ISSN ISSPU ISU ITA ITM Intersound Quality Control facility.

42 MHz) L-Band carrier (1227.JFET JPEG JPS J/S JSAT JTAG JTIDS KB KBITS Kbps kb/s KBU Key KG kHz km KPI KPS kts kVA kW L L1 L2 L5 LAAS Lab LADGPS LAN LAPB Junction Field Effect Transistor Joint Photographic Experts Group Journal Processing System Jammer to Signal Ratio Joint System Acceptance Test Joint Test Action Group Joint Tactical Information Distribution System Kilo-Bytes (thousand bytes) Kilobits Kilobits per second Kilobits Per Second Keyboard Unit A hand-operated switching device or the act of operating such a device.6 MHz) Civil Satellite Frequency Local Area Augmentation System Laboratory Local Area Differential GPS Local Area Network Link Access Protocol-Balanced 63 . Kilogram Kilohertz (1000 cycles per second) Kilometer Key Performance Indicators Kilobytes Per Second Knots Kilovolt-ampere Kilowatt Left L-Band carrier (1575.

LAT L-Band LBS LCA LCC LCD LCF LCI LCM LCN LCoS LCP LCR LCSTB LCVSM LD LDA LDCC LDGPS LDOC LDS LDU LE LED Leg LEO LF LFDS LFR LGA Latitude A radio frequency band from 390 to 1. Large Format Display System Low Frequency Radio Range Low Gain Antenna 64 .550 MHz Pounds Layered Component Architecture Leadless Chip Carrier Liquid Crystal Display Link Control Field Logical Channel Identifier Logic Control Module Local Communications Network Liquid Crystal on Silicon Lighting Control Panel Link Connection Refusal Low Cost Simulation Test bed Life Cycle Value Stream Management Lower Data Localizer Directional Aid Leaded Chip Carrier Local Area Differential Global Positioning Satellite Long Distance Operational Control Lightning Detection System Lamp Driver Unit Link Establish Light Emitting Diode The section of the flight between two waypoints. The frequency range from 30 to 300 kHz. Low Earth Orbiting Low Frequency.

Valid distance information is then available. Local Mean Time Low Noise Amplifier Lateral Navigation Low Left Outboard Localizer. Longitude LMP LMT LNA LNAV LO LOB LOC Lock-On LOFT LOM LON 65 . Line Oriented Flight Training Locator Outer Marker. An NDB that is co-located at the same site as the 75 MHz middle marker beacon. List of Materials Link Management Entity Logical Management Interface Locator Middle Marker. Identifies the plug on the rear connector of an avionics unit. Left Middle Plug. The lateral guidance portion of an ILS system.LHP LIB LIM LIMNATRAN LINCS LISN LLC LLMS LLP L/M LME LMI LMM Lightning HIRF Protection Left Inboard Limit Limited North Atlantic Regional Air Navigation Long-Haul Interfacility Communications System Line Impedance Stabilization Network Logical Link Control Liquid Level Measurement System Left Lower Plug. Identifies the plug on the rear connector of an avionics unit. An NDB that is co-located at the same site as the 75 MHz outer marker beacon. The condition that exists when the DME receives reply pulses to at least 50 percent of the interrogations.

A system using a ground facility composed of a master station and a slave station.LOP LORAN Line Of Position Long Range Navigation. LORA N-A was replaced by LORAN-C in 1980. ( 2 ) Least Significant Bit Low Speed Cues: Markings on the airspeed scale associated with the stall speed region. Least Significant Digit Low-Speed Frame Relay Service Access Device Low-Speed Frame Relay Access Device Large Scale Integration LORAN C LOS LP LPC LPDU LPT LPV LRA or LRRA LRC LRM LRN LRR LRU LSB LSC LSD LS-DSAD LS-FRAD LSI 66 . LORAN-A operates at 1850. LORAN-C operates at 100 kHz. Long Range Navigation System ( 1 ) Line Of Sight. The lower side band is the difference in frequency between the AM carrier signal and the modulation signal . 1900. and 1950 kHz. ( 2 ) Line-Oriented Simulation Linear Polarization Low-Pressure Compressor Link Protocol Data Unit Low-Pressure Turbine Localizer Precision Vertical ( 1 ) Low-Range Radio Altimeter. The airborne receiver computes the position of the aircraft by using two or more received master-slave pairs of signals. ( 2 ) Line Replaceable Assembly Long Range Cruise Line Replaceable Module Long Range Navigation Long Range Radar Line Replaceable Unit ( 1 ) Lower Sideband.

Magnetic Variation: The difference between True North and Magnetic North. Magnetic The bearing with respect to magnetic north. ( 2 ) Linear Voltage Differential Transducer (used with aircraft control surface servos). Lower Sideband Voice Low-Voltage Differential Signaling ( 1 ) Linear Variable Differential Transformer . Identifies the plug on the rear connector of an avionics unit. Level Change Low Voltage Power Supply Low Visibility Take-Off Long Wavelength Infra-Red Lightning Mach Number Meter Maximum Authorized IFR Altitude Medium Access Controller Mach number is the ratio of the true airspeed to the speed of sound at a particular flight condition. It is the chief criterion of airflow pattern and is usually represented by the free-stream steadystate value. LVLCHG LVPS LVTO LWIR LX M m MAA MAC Mach Number Mag Magnetic MAGVAR 67 .LSK LSN LSP LTC LTIR LTP LTVS Lubber Line LV LVDS LVDT Line Select Key Local Subnetwork Link State PDU Lowest Two-way Channel Long-Term Image Retention Left Top Plug. Long-Term Verification Software A fixed line placed on an indicator to indicate the front-to-rear axis of the aircraft.

a 1. ( 2 ) Mode Annunciator Panel . Marker beacons along an instrument runway provide a long-course (range) guidance and design ate when an aircraft should be at a certain altitude if the aircraft is following the glide path. Marker Beacon A transmitter operating at 75 MHz that provides M/ASI MASPS MAT MAU MAWP MAX MAX CLB MAX CRZ MAZ MB MBD MBE Mbps Mach/Airspeed Indicator Minimum Aviation System Performance Standards Maintenance Access Terminal Modular Avionics Unit Missed Approached Waypoint Maximum Maximum engine thrust for two-engine climb Maximum engine thrust for two-engine cruise MLS Azimuth: A ground based radio that provides lateral guidance during an MLS landing. The marker beacon is continuously . Marker Beacon Model-Based Development Multiple Bit Error Mega bytes per Second 68 .Bearing The direction north as determined by the earth’s Magnetic North magnetic field. ( 3 ) Management Authorization Process identification of a particular position along an airway or on the approach to an instrument runway.300-Hz or a 3.000-Hz tone. tone-modulated by a 400-Hz. The reference direct ion for measurement of magnetic directions. MAINT MALDT MAN MAP Maintenance Mean Administrative and Logistics Delay Time Manual ( 1 ) Missed Approach Point.

( 2 ) Mode Control Panel Max Continuous Thrust ( 1 ) Modular Concept Unit (approximately . Meteorological Data Collection and Reporting Service Minimum Descent Height. ( 2 ) Master Caution Minimum Crossing Altitude Microwave Circuit Board Mean Cycles Between Failures Maintenance Control Computer Multiple Condition Decision Coverage Maintenance Control Display Panel Multifunctional Control Display Unit Modular Cabinet Equipment Master Caution Light Manufacturing Control Number ( 1 ) Maintenance Control Panel. A MDH for a circling approach is reference to the aerodrome elevation. Minimum Descent Height (MDH) is referenced to aerodrome elevation or to the threshold of that is more than 7 feet (2 m) below the aerodrome elevation. 1/8-ATR.MC MCA MCB MCBF MCC MCDC MCDP MCDU MCE MCL MCN MCP MCT MCU ( 1 ) Master Change . ( 3 ) Multifunction Concept Unit Minimum Descent Altitude Maintenance Diagnostic Computer: A computer that monitors for failures of others systems. Multipurpose Data Link MDA MDC MDCRS MDH MDL 69 . Airline Transport Rack) . ( 2 ) Motor Control Unit (used in auto throttle) . A specified height in a non-precision approach or circling approach below which descent must not be made without the required visual reference.

The MDS is the lowest RF signal level that can be detected as a valid signal.MDS ( 1 ) Minimum Discernible Signal. The portion of the radio spectrum from 300 kHz to 3 MHz.000. The list of equipment that the FAA requires be aboard and working on an aircraft before flying. MDT MEA MEC MEL MEMS MEO MES MET MF MFCP MFD MFDS MFDU MFF MFIT MFM MFS MGP MGSCU MHD MHz MIB MIB II MIC 70 . . Main Gear Steering Control Unit Magnetic Hard Drive Megahertz (1. ( 2 ) Maintenance Diagnostic Systems Maintenance Display Terminal Minimum En route Altitude Main Equipment Center Minimum Equipment List.000 cycles per second) Management Information Base Management Information Base II Microphone. Multifunction Control Display Panel Multifunction Display Multifunction Display System Multifunction Display Unit Mixed Fleet Flying Mean Fault Isolation Time Maintenance Fault Memory Media File Server MLS Glidepath: A ground based radio that provides vertical guidance during an MLS landing. Also refers to the output signal of the microphone. MicroElectroMechanical Systems Medium Earth Orbit Main Engine Start Meteorology Medium Frequency.

Mach Maximum Overspeed Multi-Mode Landing System Receiver MLW MM MME MMEL MMI MMIC Mmo MMO MMR 71 . ( 2 ) Marker Beacon Maneuver Limited Altitude Microwave Landing System: An ILS like system that potentially provides curved lateral path selectable angle approach. ( 2 ) Moving Map Equipment Master Minimum Equipment List Man-Machine Interface Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit The maximum Mach number at which an aircraft has been certified to operate.MicroEARTS MIDO MIDU MIL MIL-HDBK-217 MILSPEC MIL-STD-882 Min MIPS MIR MKP MKR MLA MLS Micro En route Automated Radar Tracking System Manufacturing Inspection District Office Multipurpose Interactive Display Unit Military General Prediction of Electronic Equipment (MTBF) Military Specifications System Safety Requirements ( 1 ) Minimum . ( 2 ) Minutes Million Instructions Per Second Most Important Requirement Multi-function KeyPad ( 1 ) Marker . ( 2 ) Middle Marker: MB used in conjunction with ILS. intercepts glideslope approximately 200 feet above touchdown. ( 1 ) Modular Mounting Enclosure . Maximum Landing Weight ( 1 ) Mass Memory .

Mode A Mode B Mode C Mode D Mode S MODEM Mon MOPR MOPS MORA MOS MOSFET MOU MP 72 . Identifies the plug position on the rear connector of an avionics unit.MMS MMW MN MNCID MNPS MO MOA MOCA MOD Maintenance Management System Millimeter Wave Magnetic North Network Management Category Interaction Diagram Minimum Navigation Performance Specification Magneto-Optical ( 1 ) Memorandum of Agreement. ( 2 ) Middle Plug. ( 3 ) Modulator The pulse format for an identification code interrogation of an ATC RBS transponder. ( 1 ) Mode Select (a transponder format to allow discrete interrogation and data link capability). The pulse format for an altitude information interrogation of an ATC RBS transponder. An optional mode for transponder interrogation. ( 2 ) Modification. optional transponder mode. ( 2 ) Selective interrogation mode of SSR Modulator/De modulator Monitor Minimum Operational Performance Requirements Minimum Operational Performance Specifications Minimum Off-Route Altitude Metal Oxide Semiconductor Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transmitter Memorandum Of Understanding ( 1 ) Main Processor . An unassigned. ( 2 ) Military Operation Area Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude ( 1 ) Magneto-Optical Drive .

( 2 ) Most Significant Digit Message Medium Scale Integration Minimum Shift Keying Mean Sea Level Mode Select Panel Mobile-Subnetwork Dependent Convergence Mode S Specific Protocol Monopulse Secondary Surveillance Radar Mode S Specific Services 73 .MPCU MPDS MPEL MPU MRA MRB MRDU MRO MROSE MRR MRT MS m/s MSAS MSB MSC MSCP MSD MSG MSI MSK MSL MSP M-SNDCF MSP MSSR MSSS Multiport Protocol Converter Unit Mobile Packet Data Service Maximum Permissible Exposure Level Multifunction Process Unit Minimum Reception Altitude Maintenance Review Board Multichannel Receiver/Decoder Unit Maintenance. ( 2 ) Member Services Center Mobile Satellite Service Provider ( 1 ) Mass Storage Device . Repair & Overhaul Multiple-tasking Real-time Operating System Executive Manufacturing Revision Request Mean Response Time Millisecond Meter per Second Ministry of Transportation Satellite Augmentation System (Japan) Most Significant Bit ( 1 ) Message Sequence Chart .

( 2 ) Magnetic Sensor Unit Minimum Time Mean Time Between Failures. ( 2 ) Mean Time Between Unit Replacements. Mean Time Between Outages ( 1 ) Mean Time Between Removal . A performance figure calculated by dividing the total unit flying hours (airborne) accrued in a period by the number of unscheduled unit removals that occurred during the same period. Module Test and Maintenance Module Test and Maintenance Bus Interface Unit Multi-function Transport Satellite System (Japan) Mean Time To Dispatch Alert MTBO MTBR MTBUR MTC MTD MTF MTI MTM MTMIU MTSAT MTTDA 74 . A performance figure calculated by dividing the total unit flying hours accrued in a period by the number of unit removals (scheduled plus unscheduled) that occurred during the same period. ( 2 ) Mean Time Between Repairs. Where total unit hours are available. Maintenance Terminal Cabinet Maintenance Terminal Display Maintenance Terminal Function Moving Target Indicator. ( 1 ) Mean Time Between Unscheduled Removal . this may be used in lieu of total unit flying hours. This type of radar display will show only moving targets.MSU MT MTBF ( 1 ) Mode Select Unit . A performance figure calculated by dividing the total unit flying hours (airborne) accrued in a period of time by the number of unit failures that occurred during the same time.

Mean Time To Restore Service Mean Time To Unscheduled Removal. A performance figure calculated by dividing the summation of times to unscheduled removal for a sample of removed items by the number of removed items in the sample. A generic description by parameter and characteristics of the test equipment and resources required for testing a unit or system. The same item failing N times constitutes N failed items in the sample.MTTF Mean Time To Failure. A performance figure calculated by dividing the summation of times to failure for a sample of failed items by the number of failed items in the sample. Multiplexer Multi-domained. A performance figure calculated by dividing the sum of the active repair elapsed times accrued in a period on a number of designated items by the number of these items repaired in the same period. This is different from MTBUR since no allowance is given to items that have not been removed. This is different from mean time between failures since no allowance is given to items that have not failed. ACARS Management Unit Multiplier Minimum Use Specification. The arithmetic mean of the time intervals between maintenance act ions. Mean Time to Maintenance Alert Mean Time To Repair. Mean Time To Maintenance. Vertically Aligned Major World Air Route Area Master Warning/Master Caution Mid Wavelength Infra-Red Master Warning Light MTTM MTTMA MTTR MTTRS MTTUR MU MULT MUS MUX MVA MWARA MW/MC MWIR MWL 75 .

( 2 ) National Airspace System National Aeronautics and Space Administration NAS Precision Approach and Landing System North Atlantic Tracks National Air Transport Association.1 feet.076. Eight satellites are in each of three 63-degree inclined plane circular orbits at 11. Inc.15 statute miles. Equivalent to 6. National Air Traffic Controllers Association ( 1 ) North Atlantic Track System. ( 2 ) North American Telephone System North Atlantic/North American/Pacific Navigation Navigational Aid. along with location keys. all reporting precise time signals. The system is used for navigation and determining exact position.000 nmi in altitude.N N1 N2 N3 N/A NACA NADIN NAK NAS NASA NASPALS NAT NATA NATCA NATS NAT/NAM/PAC NAV NAVAID Navigation Datacard NAVSTAR North Fan speed Intermediate compressor speed High compressor speed Not Applicable National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics National Airspace Data Interchange Network Negative Acknowledgement ( 1 ) National Aircraft Standard. A medium holding the customized navigation database. or approximately . National Business Aviation Association Numerical Control New Installation Concept Nautical Mile (nmi) NBAA NC NIC 76 . 1. A radio station (VOR) or a waypoint that assists in navigation. The NAVSTAR global positioning system (GPS) is a system using 24 satellites.

or 1020-Hz modulation (keyed) to provide identification. A ground station designed specifically for ADF use that operates in the 190. ( 1 ) Navigation Data Base (as stored in FMC memory) .to 550-kHz range.NCD NCI NCS ND No Computed Data Not Currently Implemented Network Coordination Station Navigation Display. Data and Information Service Network Entity Title Next Generation Communications Next Generation Radar No Faults Found New Generation Air Traffic Manager High Pressure Gas Generator RPM Notes and Helps Editor NAT Implementation Management Group Cost Effectiveness NAS Infrastructure Management System Network Interface Processor Network Interface Router Network interface Router VDL Not-In-Service NDB NDI NE NEAN NEG NEMA NESDIS NET NEXCOM NEXRAD NFF NGATM NH NHE NICE NIMS NIP NIR NIRV NIS 77 . ( 2 ) Non-Directional Radio Beacon. An EFIS presentation substituting for the horizontal situation indicator (HSI). Transmits a continuous carrier with either 400. Non-Developmental Item Network Element North European ADS-B Network Negative National Electrical Manufacturers Association National Environmental Satellite.

Typically. Notice of Inquiry NL NLM NLP NLR NLT NM or NMI NM NMC NMCCD NMCD NMF NMIRS NMOS NMP NMS NMT NNN NOAA NOC NOCAR NOCC NO COM NOI 78 . g. N-SDU means LSDU at the link layer). OSI model definition. Low-Pressure Gas Generator RPM Network-Loadable Module Network Layer Protocol Netherlands National Aerospace Laboratory Not Less Than Nautical Mile Network Management National Meteorological Center Network Management Category Class Diagram Network management Category Diagram Network Management Function Network Management Interface Requirements Specification N-type Metal Oxide Semiconductor Network Management Plan Network Management System Not More Than “N”s are used to represent a generic number. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Notice Of Change North Atlantic Oceanic Concept and Requirements National Operations Control Center No Communication. etc. A NO COM annunciation indicates that a downlink message has not been acknowledged in an ACARS system.) or for the initial (e. multiple Ns represent a frequency.NIST N-Layer National Institute of Standards and Technology N is set for any layer name (such as link. network.

Noise

Undesired random electromagnetic disturbances or spurious signals that are not part of the transmitted or received signal. Notification of Problem North Pacific Notice to Airmen Notice to Users (ARINC) Non-Precision Approach Network Protocol Data Unit Notice of Proposed Rule Making Network Router Network Routing Domain National Route Program Non-Return to Zero Network Service Network Service Access Point Network Service Data Unit Neutron Single Event Upset National Severe Storms Laboratory No Trouble Found. (Referring to testing or checkout of unit/module.) National Telecommunications and Information Administration (U.S.) National Transportation Safety Board Network User Identification Night Vision Goggles Non-Volatile Memory Non-Volatile RAM National Weather Service. The NWS provides a ground-based weather radar network throughout the United States. The radar network operates continuously and transmits the data to the National Meteorological Center, where it correlates with other weather observations.

NOP NOPAC NOTAM NOTUS NPA NPDU NPRM NR NRD NRP NRZ NS NSAP NSDU NSEU NSSL NTF NTIA NTSB NUI NVG NVM NVRAM NWS

79

OAC OAG OAS OAT

Oceanic Area Control Center Official Airline Guide Oceanic Automation System ( 1 ) Operational Acceptance Test . ( 2 ) Optional Auxiliary Terminal. The OAT may be in the form of a CRT/Keyboard device capable of interfacing with other sources of data on the aircraft and supplying data to a hard copy printer. (Used in an ACARS system.) . ( 3 ) Outside Air Temperature. The uncorrected reading of the outside temperature gauge. Different types of gauges require different correct ion factors to obtain static air temperature. Orbit and Attitude Tracking Operational Build Plan ( 1 ) Omnibearing Selector. A panel instrument that contains the controls and circuits to select an omnibearing and determine the TO-FROM indication. . ( 2 ) Optical Bypass Switch Oceanic Control Area Operations Control Center Oceanic Clearance Delivery Oceanic Communications Improvement Group Oceanic CLearance Options Configuration Module Oceanic Clearance Processor Base-8 counting system. Numbers include 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. Oceanic Display And Planning System. Will present oceanic flight data to controllers in a display that will enable better route and altitude assignments. Organizational Designated Airworthiness Representative Operational Display and Input Development

OATS OBP OBS

OCA OCC OCD OCIG OCL OCM OCP Octal ODAPS

ODAR ODID

80

ODL ODN OEM OEU Off-Side OFP OFST OGE OHU OID OIU OLAN OLDI O&M OM

( 1 ) Optical Data Link . ( 2 ) Oceanic Data Link Open Data Network Original Equipment Manufacturer Overhead Electronics Units Same as cross-side of the cockpit. Operational Flight Program Offset Operational Ground Equipment Overhead Unit (HUD) Outline Installation Drawing Orientation/Introduction Unit Onboard Local Area Network On-Line Data Interchange Operating and Maintenance Outer Marker Beacon: MB used in conjunction with ILS, intercepts glideslope approximately 1400 feet above touchdown. Onboard Maintenance Documentation A navigation system that uses two high-powered transmitter ground stations to broadcast a continuous wave signal. The receiver measures the range difference between the two stations to determine position. The bearing indicated by a navigational receiver on transmissions from an omnidirectional radio range (VOR). ( 1 ) Onboard Maintenance System. ( 2 ) Order Management System Object Modeling Technique Refers to a pilot or copilot’s own side of the cockpit. Object Oriented Analysis

Off-Block Time The time that the aircraft leaves the gate.

OMD OMEGA

Omnibearing

OMS OMT ON-SIDE OOA

81

An OOOI event is recorded as part of the ACARS operation. The ON event occurs when the aircraft has landed. The OUT event is recorded when the aircraft is clear of the gate and ready to taxi. Operational Operational Program Configuration Optimum Overhead Panel ARINC 629 System Overhead Panel Bus Controller Operational Program Configuration Operation Once Per Revolution ( 1 ) Operations Per Second . The IN event occurs when the aircraft has taxied to the ramp area. The OFF event occurs when the aircraft has lifted off the runway. ( 2 ) Operational Program Software Operational Specifications Overspeed Protection Unit Optical Quick Access Recorder Operational Requirements Origin Owner’s Requirement Table Operating System Order Status Report Oceanic System Development Support ( 1 ) Open Systems Interconnection . OP OPC OPT OPAS OPBC OPC OPER OPR OPS OPSPECS OPU O-QAR OR ORIG ORT OS OSC OSDS OSI OSIE OSI-RM OSPF 82 . ( 2 ) Open System Interface OSI Environment Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model Open Shortest Path First On-Block Time The time that the aircraft arrives at the gate.OOD OOOI Object Oriented Design OUT-OFF-ON-IN.

Programmable Array Logic Pulse Amplitude Modulation Pressure. ( 2 ) Power Amplifier Path Attenuation Compensation (Correction): A warning annunciation of the weather radar. It tells the pilot there is a significant weather activity on that bearing.S. ( 2 ) Primary Access Terminal PA/CI PACIS PAD Paired Channels PAL PAM PAMB PANS-OPS PAPI PAR PAS PAT 83 .) Off-The-Shelf Override Overhead Video System Oxygen ( 1 ) Passenger Address .S.OT&E OTA OTFP OTH OTP OTS OVRD OVS oxy PA PAC Operational Test and Evaluation Office of Technology Assessment (U.) Operational Traffic Flow Planning Over The Horizon Office of Telecommunications Policy (U. Passenger Address System ( 1 ) Pilot Applications Terminal . Passenger Address/Cabin Interphone Passenger Address and Communication Interphone System Packet Assembler-Disassembler DME channels are paired with a VORTAC or ILS frequency and are automatically selected when the VORTAC or ILS frequency is selected. ambient Procedures for Air Navigation Services-Aircraft Operations Precision Approach Path Indicators Precision Approach Radar. An X-band radar that scans a limited area and is part of the groundcontrolled approach system. Most navigation controls have this feature.

The N-PCI is exchanged between peer network members (OSI Model) to coordinate joint information. . ( 2 ) Power Control Unit Profile Descent Premature Descent Alert Performance Data Base Pre-Departure Clearance Panel Data Concentrator Unit Package Design Document PCIP PCM PCMCIA PCU PD PDA PDB PDC PDCU PDD 84 . ( 2 ) Printed Circuit The GPS precision code P physical Configuration Audit Printed Circuit Board Pilot Controller Communication ( 1 ) Protocol Control Information.PAU PAV PAVES PAWES PAX PBA PBD PBID PBX PC P-Code PCA PCB PCC PCI Passenger Address Unit Presence And Validity Programmable Audio Video Entertainment System Performance Assessment and Workload Evaluation Passenger Push Button Annunciator Place Bearing/Distance (waypoint) Post Burn-In Data Private Branch Exchange ( 1 ) Personal Computer . ( 2 ) Peripheral Computer Interface/Interconnect Precipitation Pulse Code Modulation Personal Computer Memory Card Interface Association ( 1 ) Passenger Control Unit .

( 4 ) Pilot Display Unit Peer Entity Contact Table Peak Envelope Power Performance A relative number used to compare the performance of different radar systems. Powered Door Opening System Preliminary Design Review Primary Display System ( 1 ) Power Distribution Unit . ( 2 ) Power Drive Unit . prf.PDDI Product Definition Data Interface. The N-PDU is a combination of the N-PCI and the N-UD or . ( 2 ) Portable Data Loader Precision Distance Measuring Equipment Public Data Network (CC ITT/ISD) Position Dilution Of Precision.. N-SDU. ( 3 ) Protocol Data Unit. The N-PDU is the total information that is transferred between peer network members (OSI Model) as a unit. antenna beam width and the receiver noise figure. Standardizes digital descriptions of part configurations and properties needed for manufacturing. antenna gain. Program Evaluation Review Technique Passenger Entertainment System Pacific Engineering Trials Preliminary Eurocontrol Test of Air/Ground Data Link PDF PDL P-DME PDN PDOP PDOS PDR PDS PDU PECT PEP PERF Performance Index PERT PES PET PETAL 85 . ( 1 ) Primary Display Function . AGPS term for error introduced into the GPS calculations. It is calculated from transmitter peak power. pulse width. ( 2 ) Portable Document Format ( 1 ) Program Design Language .

Product File Sets Pin Grid Array Program for Harmonized ATC Research in Europe Performance Buffet Limit Nominal Bank Angle Physical Interface Device A signal in which the phase varies (with respect to the original signal) with the amplitude of the modulatory signal. Parameter Identifier Performance Integrity and Availability Protocol Implementation Conformance Statements ( 1 ) Parameter Identifier . An EFIS presentation substituting for the ADI. Similar to a modified frequency modulated signal. The rate at which pulses are transmitted. ( 2 ) Primary Flight Display. ( 2 ) Power Factor Primary Flight Computer Primary Flight Control System ( 1 ) Primary Flight Director . ( 3 ) Process Identifier Processor Input/Output PFIS PFOV PFR PFS PGA PHARE PHIBUF PHINOM PHY Phase Modulation PI PIA PICS PID PI/O 86 .PETAL II PETAL IIe PF PFC PFCS PFD Preliminary Eurocontrol Test of Air/Ground Data Link. Phase II Preliminary Eurocontrol Test of Air/Ground Data Link. Phase II Extension ( 1 ) Pilot Flying . ( 2 ) Primitive Identifier . while the amplitude of the carrier wave remains constant. Passenger Flight Information System Primary Field Of View Pulse Repetition Frequency.

( 2 ) Pseudo Noise Performance Navigation Computer System Primary Navigation Display Pneumatic Pitot Tube PL PLA PLGR PLL PLT PM PMA PMAT PMC PME PMG PMO PMOS PMR PMRs PMS PN PNCS PND PNEU 87 . ( 2 ) Programmable Logic Array Precision Lightweight GPS Receiver Phase Locked Loop Project Leadership Team Phase Modulation ( 1 ) Parts Manufacturing Approval . ( 2 ) Permanent Magnet Alternator Portable Maintenance Access Terminal ( 1 ) Provisional Memory Cover . Named for Henri Pitot who first used this method of measuring fluid flow pressure. A forward facing probe attached to the outside of the aircraft to sense the relative pressure of the aircraft moving through the atmosphere.PIRE PIREPS Pitot Pressure Production or Pipe Internal Roll Extrusion Pilot Reports The sum of the static and dynamic pressures and is the total force per unit area exerted by the air on the surface of a body in motion. Parameter Length ( 1 ) Power Level Angle . ( 2 ) PCI Mezzanine Card Processor/Mass Storage Equipment Permanent Magnet Generator Program Management Office P-Type Metal Oxide Semiconductor Precision Multi-mode Radar Program Management Reviews Performance Management System ( 1 ) Part Number .

A Demonstration. facilities. in a full operational environment. and typical pilot response to failures must be successfully demonstrated. Principal Operations Inspector Point of Presence Pacific Ocean Region Position Position Initialization Portable Operating System Interface Position Reference Potentiometer Power-On Self-Test Plain Old Telephone System/Service Product/Process Assurance Plan Power PC Physical Layer Protocol Data Unit Planned Position Indicator. repeatability. related aircraft systems and any other relevant parameters necessary to show concept validity. Processor-to-Processor Link pages per minute ( 1 ) Pulse Position Modulation . ( 2 ) Parts Per Million Present Position Point-to-Point Protocol POI POP POR POS POSINIT POSIX POSREF POT POST POTS P/PAP PPC PPDU PPI PPL ppm PPM PPOS PPP 88 . system. weather conditions. Acceptable performance. of the proposed concept. The demonstration itself is not a certification program. A type of radar display which shows aircraft positions and airways chart on the same display. crew complement.PNF PNR POA POC Pilot Not Flying Point of No Return Plain Old ACARS Proof Of Concept. system reliability.

( 2 ) Proposed Rule Making Pseudo Random Noise NND-1/Precision Area Navigation Procedure Profile Progress Page on MCDU Programmable ROM 89 .PPS ( 1 ) Packets Per Second. route. ( 2 ) Primary Rate Interface PR PRAIM PRAM PRELIM PRESS Pressure Altitude PREV Preventive Advisory PRF PRI Primary Means A means of navigation which satisfies the of Navigation necessary levels of accuracy and integrity for a particular area. or an alternate level of RNP. Previous A resolution advisory that instructs the pilot to avoid certain deviations from current vertical rate.99% of the time. procedure or operation. Qualification as a “primary means” of navigation typically requires that ANP/EPU be less than RNP for 99. ( 2 ) Precise Positioning Service. ( 3 ) Pulse Per Second Problem Report Predictive Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring Prerecorded Announcement Machine Preliminary Data Pressure The altitude measured above standard pressure level. The failure of a “Primary Means” of navigation may result in. PRM PRN PRNAV PROC PROF PROG PROM ( 1 ) Precision Runway Monitoring. or require reversion to a “nonnormal” means of navigation. (TCAS) Pulse Repetition Frequency ( 1 ) Primary . Based on the relationship of pressure and altitude with respect to a standard atmosphere.

Proximity Sensor System Preliminary System Safety Assessment PSS PSSA 90 . ( 2 ) Product Support Managers Packet Switching Network Partnership for Safety Plan Preferred Standard Parts List Primary Surveillance Radar.P-RNAV Protocol PROV PROX PRSOV P/RST PRTR PS PSA PSAA PSAS PSCP PSCU PSD PSDN PSE PSEU PSID PSIG PSL/PSA PSM PSN PSP PSPL PSR NND-1/Precision Area Navigation A set of rules for the format and content of messages between communicating processes. Provisional Proximity Pressure Regulating and Shutoff Valve Press To Reset Printer Power Supply ( 1 ) Power Supply Assembly . ( 2 ) Preselect Altitude Product Support & Assurance Agreement Primary Stability Augmentation System Project Specific Certification Plans Programmable System Control Unit Port Sharing Device Packet Switched Data Network Power Supply Equipment Proximity Sensor Electronic Unit Pounds per square inch Differential Pounds per square inch Gage Problem Statement Language/Problem Statement Analyzer ( 1 ) Power Supply Modules . The part of the ATC system that determines the range and azimuth of an aircraft in a controlled air space.

Performance Test Domain Packet Switching Exchange Public Switched Telephone Network Path Packet Type Identifier Peripheral Transition Module (I/O interface for SBC) Production Test Requirements Problem Tracking System Production Test Specification Document ( 1 ) Post. Telephone and Telegraph . Velocity. ( 2 ) Push To Talk.PSU PT PTR PTCH PTD PSE PSTN PTH PTI PTM PTR PTS PTSD PTT Passenger Service Unit Total Pressure Production Test Requirements Pitch: Movement about the lateral (left to right) axis of the aircraft. Time Printed Wire Boards Pulse-Width Modulation Power Predictive Windshear System Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Quick Access Recorder Quality Control Quadrantal Error Corrector PTU PVD PV PVC PVT PWB PWM PWR PWS QAM QAR QC QEC 91 . Also refers to the switching signal that enables the transmitter. ( 3 ) Push To Test Power Transfer Unit Plan View Display Parameter Value Permanent Virtual Circuit Position. .

( 3 ) Routing Area . ( 1 ) Right . ( 4 ) Radio Altitude: The absolute altitude (height) above the ground. Quality Operating Procedures Quality of Service Quick Reference Handbook Quantity Quadrant Error in the relative bearing caused by the distortion of the received radio signal (RF fields) by the structure of the aircraft.013. Pilot receives information from airfield. the United States airspace by all aircraft above .QFE A method of setting the altimeter to compensate for changes in barometric pressure and runway elevation. Measured by a radio altimeter system. ( 2 ) Radio Altimeter . ( 2 ) Route Tuned NAVAID .25 mb). Regional Airline Association QM QMP QNE QNH QOP QoS QRH QTY QUAD Quadrantal Error R RA RAA 92 .92 inches of mercury (1. FL 180. This setting is used in . ( 3 ) Rudder ( 1 ) Resolution Advisory (generated by TCAS) . Quality Management Quality Management Plan The method of setting the altimeter to the standard atmosphere datum-29. Pilot receives information from airfield and adjusts his altimeter accordingly and it will read zero altitude at touchdown on the runway. The more common method of setting the altimeter to compensate for changes in barometric pressure. adjusts his altimeter accordingly and the altimeter will read airfield elevation at touchdown.

( 1 ) Radial . The time interval (approximately 12. or running rabbits. LRRA) Random Access Memory. Regional Airworthiness Engineer (Canadian) The radome is the protective cover on the aircraft nose that fits over the weather radar system antenna. ( 2 ) Reference Approach Speed Required Communication Performance RAM Air Temperature is the temperature of the air entering an air scoop inlet. RA DA LT. LRA. Remote Area Precision Positioning System ( 1 ) Row Address Strobe . Rockwell Collins Rate of Climb Resistor-Capacitor network RAD Radar Radar Mile Radial RAE Radome RAF RAI RAIM RALT RAM RAPPS RAS RCP RAT RC R/C R-C 93 . ( 3 ) Rapid Application Development Radio Detecting and Ranging. A line of direction going out from a VOR station measured as a bearing with respect to magnetic north.Rabbit Tracks Rabbit Tracks.359 microseconds) required for radio waves to travel one nautical mile and return (total of 2 nmi). Requirements Analysis Folder Radio Altimeter Indicator Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring Radio Altimeter (also RA. Generally used to describe read/write integrated circuit memory. The radome is transparent at radar frequencies. refer to the distinctive display produced by another (alien radar) radar system transmission. A system that measures distance and bearing to an object. ( 2 ) Radio . It is a factor in engine performance.

( 2 ) Required Communications Performance Routing and Circuit Restoral Rockwell Collins Technical Consistent Process Remote Control Unit Receiver Research and Development R-Channel used for data Regional Domestic Air Route Area ( 1 ) Routing Domain Confederation . ( 2 ) Remote Display Unit Requirements Development and Validation Rapid Deployment Voice Switch Reliability Evaluation and Corrective Action Program 94 . ( 2 ) Recall Remote Communications Outlet Rockwell Collins Management Authorization Process ( 1 ) Radio Control Panel.R-C&W RCAG RCC RCE RCFD RCL RCO RC-MAP RCP RCR RC-TCP RCU RCVR R&D Rd RDARA RDC RDF RDI RDMI RDP RDR RDSS RDU RDV RDVS RECAP Rack Connectors and Wiring Remote Center Air/Ground Station Remote Charge Converter Radio Control Equipment Rockwell Collins Flight Dynamics ( 1 ) Radio Communications Link . ( 2 ) Remote Data Concentrator Routing Domain Format Routing Domain Identifier Radio Distance Magnetic Indicator Radar Data Processing (system) Radar Radio Determination Satellite Service ( 1 ) Receiver/Decoder Unit .

g. Relative A probability of occurrence greater than 1 x 10^7 but less than or equal to 1 x 10^-5 per hour of flight. ( 2 ) Required/Requirement Residual Error Rate A display indication given to the pilot recommending a maneuver to increase vertical separation relative to an intruding aircraft. ( 2 ) Reliability Evaluation Test Remote Electronics Unit Radio Frequency. A resolution advisory is also classified as corrective or preventive. The bearing of a ground station relative to the direct ion the aircraft nose points. takeoff. ( 2 ) Request For Information Request For Proposal Requirements Functional allocation Synthesis Integration Verification Validation REP REQ RER Resolution Advisory RESTR RESYNCING RET REU RF RFC RFD RFI RFP RFSIVV 95 . to the infrared region (1012 Hz). landing) Reliability Enhancement Program ( 1 ) Request . Request for Comments Reconfigurable Flight Deck ( 1 ) Radio Frequency Interference . A general term for the range of frequencies above 150 kHz. or the direction of an aircraft to or from an NDB.REF REFL Reflectivity Factor (Z) Relative Bearing REL Remote Reference Reflection This is a measurement of the ability of a target to reflect the energy from a radar beam. Restriction Resynchronizing ( 1 ) Rapid Exit Taxiway . or per event (e.

RFTP RFU RGB RGCSP RH RHI RHO RHSM RIB RIP RIPS RISC RIU RJ R/L RA RLD RLE RLG RLI RLP RLS RLY R&M RM&A RMA RMI RMMS Request For Technical Proposal Radio Frequency Unit Red/Green/Blue Review of the General Concept of Separation Panel Radio Handler Range and Height Indicator Response on Handoff Reduced Horizontal Separation Minima ( 1 ) Right Inboard . ( 2 ) Remote Light Sensor Relay Reliability and Maintainability Reliability Maintainability and Availability Remote Maintenance Access Radio Magnetic Indicator RM Management System 96 . ( 2 ) Routing Information Base Routing Information Protocol Recorder Independent Power Supply Reduced Instruction Set Computer Radio Interface Unit Regional Jet Red Label Radio Altitude Rijksluchtvaartdienst (The Netherlands’ Civil Aviation Agency) Response on Link Establishment Ring Laser Gyros Relative Location Indicator Ring Laser Gyro ( 1 ) Reliable Link Source .

RMP RMT R-NAV RNG RNGA RNP

( 1 ) Radio Management Panel. ( 2 ) Remote Maintenance Panel Remote Area Navigation Range Range Arc Required Navigation Performance. A statement of the navigation performance necessary for operation within a defined airspace. Receive Not Ready Radio Nav Tuning Panel ( 1 ) Radio Operator . ( 2 ) Roll Out Recognized Operating Agency Right Outboard ( 1 ) Rate Of Climb . ( 2 ) Rate of Operational Capability Rate Of Descent Roll Movement about the longitudinal (front to back) axis of the aircraft. Rollout starts from the first contact of the wheels with the runway and finishes when the airplane has slowed to a safe taxi speed (in the order of 30 knots). ( 1 ) Read Only Memory . ( 2 ) Rough Order of Magnitude Remain Over Night Runway Occupancy Time Relocatable Over-The-Horizon Radar An ordered group of flight reference points (Airports, Navaids, Geographic Reference Points, etc.) representing part or all of a planned flight path.

RNR RNTP RO ROA ROB ROC ROD ROL ROLL Rollout

ROM RON ROT ROTHR ROUTE

97

RP RPDU RPI RPM RPOA RR RRI RSDP RSN RSP RSSI RT

Routing Protocol Remote Power Distribution Unit Rapid Process Improvement Revolutions Per Minute Recognized Private Operation Agency (CCITT) Receiver Ready Router Reference Implementation Reliable Sequencing Delivery Confirmation Protocol Regional Subnetwork ( 1 ) Required Surveillance Performance . ( 2 ) Reversion Switch Panel Received Signal Strength Indicator ( 1 ) Radio Telecommunication . ( 2 ) Receiver-Transmitter (R/T). Also referred to as a transceiver. (See T/R) ( 1 ) Receiver-Transmitter Antenna . ( 2 ) Required Time of Arrival Real-Time Clock Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics RTCA Document 160, Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment, Issued 12/04/89 RTCA Document 178, Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, issued 03/22/85 Route Radio telephony Real-Time Interrogate Radio Transmission Module Reliability Test Plan Rejected Takeoff Real-Time Operating System

RTA RTC RTCA RTCADO-160

RTCADO-178

RTE RTF RTI RTM RTP RTO RTOS

98

RTP RTR RTS RTSP RTSS RTTI RTU RTW RU Runway Incursion RVDT RVR RVSM R/W RW RWM

Radio Tuning Panel Remote Transmitter Receiver Site ( 1 ) Request To Send . ( 2 ) Real-Time Studio Required Total System Performance Rotable Total Service Solutions Run-Time Type Identification Radio Tuning Unit: A control for tuning communication and navigation radios. Real-Time Workshop Rack Unit The act of inadvertently crossing the runway holding point without ATC clearance. Rotary Voltage Differential Transducer Runway Visual Range Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum Read/Write Runway Read-Write Memory. A memory in which each cell is selected by applying appropriate electrical input signals, and the stored data may be either sensed at the appropriate output terminal or changes in response to other electrical input signals. Reactive Windshear System Runway Receiver Return to Zero South Segment 0 Segment 1 ( 1 ) Selective Availability . ( 2 ) Situation Awareness Service Access Area (VHF Cat B ACARS)

RWS RWY Rx RZ S S0 S1 SA SAA

99

SAAAR SAARU SAE SAI SAL SAMA SAP SAR SARPS SAS SAT Special Aircraft/Aircrew Authorization Required Secondary Attitude Air Data Reference Unit Society of Aeronautical Engineers System Architecture and Interface System Address Label (ARINC 429) Small Aircraft Manufacturers Association Service Access Points Search and Rescue Standards And Recommended Practices (ICAO) ( 1 ) Stability Augmentation System. . ( 2 ) System Acceptance Test Satellite Communications Satellite Navigation Service Bulletin Space Based Augmentation System Single Board Computer Schematic Block Diagram Single Bit Error Step Climb Special Committee Angle of the weather reflectivity information with respect to the aircraft heading. ( 2 ) System Category Diagram SATCOM SATNAV SB SBAS SBC SBD SBE S/C SC SCAN ANGLE SCAT SCAT-1 SCD 100 . Increases in airspeed cause probe temperature to rise presenting erroneous information. SAT is the outside air temperature if the aircraft could be brought to a stop before measuring temperatures. ( 2 ) Station Address Set ( 1 ) Static Air Temperature is the total air temperature corrected for the Mach effect. Special Category Special Category 1 Approach System ( 1 ) Specification Control Drawing .

Individual SDs are combined and transmitted once an hour as collectives ( SDUs) over the aviation teletype circuits. A communication system that uses simplex. ( 2 ) Service Delivery Management Surveillance Data Processing Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory Supplier Data Requirements List SD&AHWG SDD SDF SDI SDM SDP SDRAM SDRL 101 . ( 2 ) Storm Detection. It is the designation for the hourly transmitted radar observations from the NWS and ARTCC radars. ( 2 ) Sensor Display Driver.SCDU SCE SCID SCIU SCM SCPC SCQA SCR SCS SCSI SCT SCU SD Satellite Control Data Unit Servicing Customers Engineer Software Configuration Index Drawing Radio Altimeter Indicator Software Configuration Management Single Carrier Per Channel Supply Chain Quality Assurance Special Certification Review Single Channel Simplex. ( 1 ) Speaker Drive Module. System Design & Analysis Harmonization Working Group ( 1 ) Standard Disk Drive . Small Computer System Interface System Configuration Table ( 1 ) Signal Conditioning Unit. ( 3 ) System Description Document Simplified Directional Facility Source Destination Identifier: A bit field contained in serial data words that tell the source or destination of the data in that word. ( 2 ) Signal Conversion Unit ( 1 ) Side Display .

( 2 ) Standby Engine Indicator ( 1 ) Select . ( 3 ) Service Data Unit Seat Electronics Box Secondary Secondary EICASD is play ( 1 ) Software Engineering Institute . Sensor An instruction given to the TCAS equipment for control of its threat volume. ( 2 ) Seat Electronics Unit Special Federal Aviation Regulation Subsystem Fault Detection Function Supplier Furnished Equipment Signal Generator Standard Generalized Markup Language. Secondary Electrical Power Contactor Stress Evaluation Prediction Program Serial Number ( 1 ) Single Event Upset . ( 2 ) Standby Instruments . ( 3 ) Supporting Interrogator . ( 2 ) Sensor Display Unit . ( 2 ) Selector Identifier Selective Calling System. ( 4 ) Supplementary Information SEB SEC SED SEI SEL SELCAL SENS Sensitivity Level Command SEPC SEPP SERNO SEU SFAR SFDF SFE SG SGML SGS SI 102 . A system used in conjunction with HF and VHF communication systems that allows a ground-based radio operator to call a single aircraft or group of aircraft without the aircraft personnel monitoring the ground station radio frequency.SDU ( 1 ) Satellite Data Unit . Surface Guidance System ( 1 ) Selective Interrogation .

SIF SIGMETS SIL Simplex SINAD SIP SITA SITP/D SIT SITR SIU SKP Skywave 103 .SIAP SICAS SICASP SID Sidetone Standard Instrument Approach Procedure Secondary Surveillance Radar Improvements and Collision Avoidance System Secondary Surveillance Radar Improvements And Collision Avoidance System Panel Standard Instrument Departure The reproduction of sounds in a headset (or speaker) from the transmitter of the same communication set. Signal-plus-Noise-plus-Distortion to Noise-plusDistortion-Ratio Single In-line Package Societe Internationale de Telecommunications Aeronautiques System Integration Test Plan/Description System Integration and Test System Integration Test Report Satellite Interface Unit Skip A radio wave that is reflected by the ionosphere. ( 1 ) Standard Interchange Format . Depending upon the state of the ionosphere. This allows a person to hear his/her own voice when transmitting. Communications can take place in only one direction at a time. the reflected radio wave may propagate along the layer of the ionosphere or be reflected at some angle. ( 2 ) Service Information Letter A communication operation that uses only a single channel for transmit and receive operations. ( 2 ) System Integration Facility Significant Meteorological Observations ( 1 ) Systems Integration Lab . It is also known as ionospheric or indirect wave.

Synchronous Link Control System Level Health System Level Interface Standard Length Message Source Lines of Code Side-Lobe Suppression. A system that prevents a transponder from replying to the side-lobe interrogations of the SSR. System Level Use Case ( 1 ) Service Level Verifier .SL S/L SLA Slant Range SLC SLH SLI SLM SLoC SLS Sensitivity Level Sub-Level Service Level Agreement The line-of-sight distance from the aircraft to a DME ground station. ( 2 ) Sync Lock Valve System Monitor Surface Movement Advisor System Management and Communication Surface Mount Device Switched Multi-megabit Data Service System Management Entity Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems Standard Message Identifiers Seamless Pipe and Tube Spectrum Monitoring System SLUC SLV SM SMA SMC SMD SMDS SME SMGCS SMI SMLS SMS 104 . Replying to side-lobe interrogations would supply false replies to the ATC ground station and obscure the aircraft location.

( 6 ) Station Management . ( 2 ) Elevator Servo Mount .SMT ( 1 ) Aileron/Rudder Servo Mount . ( 5 ) Standard Message Text . ( 7 ) System Maintenance Task Subnetwork System Network Architecture Subnetwork Access Subnetwork Access Protocol Subnetwork Connection Reference Subnetwork Dependent Convergence Function Subnetwork Dependent Convergence Protocol Subnetwork Independent Convergence Function Subnetwork Link Establishment Simple Network Management Protocol Subnetwork Point of Attachment Subnetwork Protocol Data Unit Signal-to-Noise Ratio Subnetwork Service Data Unit Safety Of Flight Start of Header System Operator Instructions Satellite Operational Implementation Team Software Operator Manual Statement of Operational Need Standard Operating Procedure Standard Operating Procedure Amplified Silicon On Sapphire Statement Of Work Space Special Purpose Automatic Test Equipment SN SNA SNAC SNAcP SNCR SNDCF SNDCP SNICF SNLE SNMP SNPA SNPDU SNR SNSDU SOF SOH SOI SOIT SOM SON SOP SOPA SOS SOW SP SPATE 105 . ( 3 ) Servo Mount . ( 4 ) Stabilizer Trim Servo Mount .

(Term is used in Mode S transponders. Sync Phase Reversal. SPI SPIP SPKR SPM Spoking SPR SPS SQ or Sql SQ SQB SQD SQL SQP Squall Line Squawk Squelch 106 . of 2.571.194 feet/second. Special Position Identification Designation for a transponder ident pulse.) ( 1 ) Sensor Processing Subsystem .9979250 x 108 meters/second or 983.SPC SPD SPE Speed of Light Statistical Process Control Speed Seller Purchased Equipment Represented by the symbol c and has a value . ( 3 ) Support Plan Manager Refers to a display presentation that radiates outward from the display origin like the spokes on a wagon wheel. ( 2 ) Surface Position Monitor . A control and/or circuit that reduces the gain in response of a receiver. The squelch is used to eliminate the output noise of the receiver when a signal is not being received. Reply to interrogation signal (XPD). Speaker ( 1 ) Stabilizer Position Modules . ( 2 ) Standard Positioning Service Squelch Service Quality Service Quality/Billing Processor Service Quality Data Structured Query Language Signal Quality Parameter A squall line is a line of thunderstorms and developing thunderstorms.

with the power applied to a single sideband. fail. The status can be normal. ( 2 ) The transmission of a specified reply format at a minimum rate without the need to be interrogated. . . Selected Reference Point Satellite Recognition Receiver Satellite Receiver Transmitter Shop Replaceable Unit ShipSet System Safety Assessment Single Sideband. (Filler pulses transmitted between interrogations) [XPD]. Service Request Software Requirements And Design Description Static Random Access Memory Systems Requirements Document Selective Reject Selective Reject Mode Short Range Navigation-term used to encompass VOR/LOC/DME/MB Navigation. An AM signal that has a reduced carrier. a better signal-to-noise ratio is obtained at the receiver.Squitter ( 1 ) The random pulse pairs generated by the ground station as a filler signal. Since the bandwidth of the informationcarrying signal is reduced. Solid-State Cockpit Voice/Data Recorder Solid-State Cockpit Voice Recorder Static Source Error Correction Solid-State Flight Data Recorder Sign Status Matrix: A set of bits in an ARINC label that tell the status of that label. test or no computed data (NCD). or a sub-set there-of. ( 3 ) Spontaneous Transmission generated once per second by transponders. SR SRADD SRAM SRD SREJ SRM SRN SRP SRR SRT SRU S/S SSA SSB SSCV/DR SSCVR SSEC SSFDR SSM 107 .

Memory cells do not require refreshing. A DME mode that applies power to the DMERT but the unit does not transmit.SSP SSR System Signal Processor Secondary Surveillance Radar. A radar-type system that requires a transponder to transmit a reply signal.92 In Hg and temperature is +15°C.) A correction applied to static source pressure measurements to partly or completely correct for pressure errors that are caused by airflow changes. Standard Terminal Arrival Routes ( 1 ) Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System . Systems Test Bed Static Source Error (SSEC) STB 108 . is the force per unit area exerted by the air on the surface of a body at rest relative to the air. Single Sideband Suppressed Carrier. (See Dynamic RAM. A SSSC signal is a band of audio intelligence frequencies that have been translated to a band of radio frequencies without distortion of the intelligence signal. Subsequent Signal Unit Statistics Station Stabilizer Represents the mean or average properties of the atmosphere. At sea level static pressure is 29. ( 2 ) Status Tracking And Reporting System Flush-mounted openings in the skin of the aircraft fuselage used to sensestatic pressure. SSSC SSU ST sta STAB Standard Atmosphere Standby Mode STAR STARS Static Ports Static Pressure Ambient atmospheric pressure or static pressure Static RAM RAM constructed of bistable transistor elements. It is computed as a function of Mach and altitude based on measured errors for a particular static system.

01 (Roll tests). 02 (Pitch tests). 03 (Heading test). Satellite Telecommunications Intermediate Unit Serial Transition Module Short Takeoff and Landing Standard Temperature and Pressure System Trouble Report Stable Time Subfield Start of Text Signal Unit Special Use Airspace Yaw Damper Actuator ( 1 ) Aileron/Elevator/Rudder Servo. STCM STD STDBY STDMA STEPCLB STIM XX STIU STM STOL STP STR STS STX SU SUA SUL SUO Superheterodyne Receiver Suppressor Pulse 109 . ( 2 ) Servo Actuator A receiver in which the incoming RF signal is mixed to produce a lower intermediate frequency. ( 2 ) Supplemental Type Certificate Stabilizer Trim Control Module ( 1 ) Standard . ( 2 ) System Technical Description Standby Instruments Synchronized Time Division Multiple Access Step Climb An AHRS test mode. It prevents the other avionics aboard the aircraft from being damaged or interfered with by the transmission and any noise associated with that transmission. A pulse used to disable L-band avionics during the transmitting period of another piece of L-band airborne equipment.STBY STC Standby Instruments ( 1 ) Sensitivity Time Control. where “XX” can be OA (Sequence of all tests). A control circuit used in radar applications to control receiver gain with respect to time. .

( 3 ) System Under Test Space Vehicle ( 1 ) Service .SUPPS SUT Regional Supplementary Procedures ( 1 ) Autothrottle Servo . ( 1 ) Terrain Awareness Display . ( 2 ) Stabilizer Trim Servo . ( 2 ) Transport Airplane Directorate SV SVC SVDU SVO SVRR SVS SVT SVU S/W SWAP SWIM SWIR SWIT SWRD SWTRR SXGA SYNC SVA sys SYS SYSCAT-B SYSCI TA TAD 110 . ( 2 ) Switched Virtual Circuit Smart Video Distribution Unit Servo Service Readiness Review Synthetic Vision System Servo Throttle Satellite Voice Unit Software Severe Weather Avoidance Program System Wide Information Management Short Wavelength Infra-Red Software Integration and Test Software Requirements Document Software Test Readiness Review Super Extended Graphics Array Synchronizing Synthetic Vision Application System System Identifier System Category B (FAA Message Format) System Configuration Item Traffic Advisory: TCAS information given to the pilot pertaining to the position of another aircraft in the immediate vicinity.

however. It represents the performance envelope (speed and path of aircraft) divided by the closure rate of any intruder aircraft (TCAS). Tachometer Test Access Control Interface Unit Terminal Area Forecast (ICAO) Thermal Anti-Icing ( 1 ) Terminal Area Productivity. ( 2 ) Type Certificate Top-of-Climb TACAN Tach TACIU TAF TAI TAP TAR Target TAS TAT TATCA TAU TAWS TBB TBD TBO TBS TC T/C 111 .TAC ( 1 ) Test Access Control . . ( 3 ) Triacetate Cellulose The Tactical Air Navigation System that provides azimuth and distance information to an aircraft from a ground station (similar to VOR-DME. ( 2 ) Tailored Arrival Procedure Trials ATN Router An aircraft within the surveillance range of TCAS. in the UHF Frequency band). Terrain Awareness Warning System Transfer Bus Breaker To Be Determined Time Between Overhauls ( 1 ) To Be Specified . True Airspeed ( 1 ) Total Air Temperature. ( 2 ) Thrust Asymmetry Compensation . ( 2 ) True Air Temperature Terminal Air Traffic Control Automation TAU is the minimum time a flight crew needs to discern a collision threat and take evasive action. The air temperature including heat rise due to compressibility. ( 2 ) To Be Supplied ( 1 ) Transport Connection .

A TCAS II-equipped aircraft will coordinate with TCAS II-equipped intruder aircraft to provide complementary maneuvers. A collision avoidance system providing traffic information (within approximately 30 nmi of the aircraft) to the flight crew. vertical speed. distance and bearing. ( 2 ) Telephone Conversion Unit Temperature Controlled Crystal Oscillator Top-of-Descent Traffic Display: A feature of the TCAS that shows TCAS traffic. rate. Tower Data Link System TCAS I TCAS II TCC TCDS TCF TCM TCMS TCN TCP TCPIP TCQ TCS TCU TCXO T/D TD TDLS 112 . in addition to the resolution advisories (RA) (for vertical maneuvers only). ( 2 ) Throttle Control Assembly Traffic Alert Collision Avoidance System: Transponder system that talks to other aircraft and determines their altitude. Turbine Case Cooling Type Certificate Data Sheet Terrain Clearance Floor Technical Coordination Meeting Test Content Management System TACAN Transmission Control Protocol Transport Control Protocol/Internet Protocol Throttle Control Quadrant Touch Control Steering ( 1 ) TACAN Control Unit . No avoidance maneuver is suggested. A baseline system that provides a warning (TA) to the flight crew of the presence of another aircraft (potential collision threat) within the surveillance area.TCA TCAS ( 1 ) Terminal Control Area.

When multiple transmitters are using a single carrier to transmit to a single receiver. A term used to describe the error introduced by variances in the calculated time. Transponder Tactical Data Radio System Terminal Display System Tower Data Services Terminal Terminal Doppler Weather Radar Touch Down Zone Test Equipment Thermo-Electric Cooler Text Element Identifiers Temperature A sensor protruding into the airstream to sense air temperature. Requires correction to get static air temperature. Terminal ( 1 ) Terminal En Route Procedures . so the multiple messages are not garbled at the receiver. Time Division Multiplex Access. ( 2 ) Terminal Instrument Procedures Trials End System (for ATN) Task Force 3 Traffic Traffic Flow Management Total Field Of View Temporary Flight Restriction TDMA TDOP TDR TDRS TDS TDST TDWR TDZ TE TEC TEI TEMP Temperature Probe TERM TERPS TES TF3 TFC TFM TFOV TFR 113 . Time Dilution Of Precision. the carrier is time shared between each of the transmitters.TDM In the Time Division Multiplex Systems a common carrier is shared to transmit multiple messages (to multiple receivers) by time sharing the carrier between the message sources.

True Indicated Airspeed Type Inspection Report Traffic Information Service Traffic Information System-Broadcast Track Angle Track Angle Error Top-Level Terminal Location (ACARS/AFEPS) Thrust Lever Angle Target Language Compiler Telemetry Word THSA TIA TIAS TIR TIS TIS-B TK TKE T/L TL TLA TLC TLM 114 . Trimmable Horizontal Stabilizer Actuator ( 1 ) Telecommunications Industry Association . ( 2 ) Type Inspection Authorization. ( 2 ) Transmission Gate GS’s Maximum Time Between Transmissions Maximum Time Between GSIF’s Timer Turbulence Gain Control Maximum Link Overlap Timer Target: A weather radar annunciator that indicates weather ahead.TFT TFTP TFTS TG TG 3 TG 4 TGC TGS TGT THDG THLD THR THRHOLD Threat Thin Film Transistor Trivial File Transfer Protocol Terrestrial Flight Telephone System ( 1 ) Timer-VDL Management Entity. True Heading Threshold Thrust Throttle Hold A target that has satisfied the threat detection logic and thus requires a traffic or resolution advisory (TCAS).

( 2 ) Transfer of Communications Top of Descent Takeoff Engine Pressure Ratio Indicates whether the omnibearing selected is the course to or from the VOR ground station. ( 2 ) Twisted Nematic Take Off ( 1 ) Top of Climb . Go-Around.TLS TM TMA TMC TMCF TMCS TMF TMS TMU TN TO TOC TOD TO EPR TO/FROM Indicator TOGA TO N1 TOR TOT Touchdown TOW TPMU TP TP4 TPDU TPL TPM Target Level of Safety Timer-Media Access Control Traffic Management Advisor Thrust Management Computer Thrust Management Computer Function Thrust Management Computer System Thrust Management Function ( 1 ) Thrust Management System. Take Off Engine Fan Speed Terms of Reference Total The point at which the predetermined glide path intercepts the runway. Also seen as TO/GA. Take Off. ( 2 ) Traffic Management System Traffic Management Unit ( 1 ) True North . Time Of Week Tire Pressure Monitor Unit Test Point Transport Protocol Class 4 Transport Protocol Data Unit Terminal Permission List (ACA RS/AFE PS) Technical Performance Management 115 .

TRACS functions include: 1) provide the location of any given unit at any time. ( 2 ) Transceiver (see RT). . ( 3 ) Transmitter-Receiver ( 1 ) Temporary Reserved Airspace. printed on yellow paper that temporarily amends a page or pages of a component maintenance manual. over the ground.TPR TQA TR Transponder Throttle Quadrant Assembly Temporary Revision. An automated data retrieval system. Terminal Radar Approach Control Test and Repair Control System. traveled by an aircraft (navigation). ( 1 ) Thrust Reverser . WIP. . ( 2 ) In this mode the DME transmits a reduced pulse pair rate after acquiring lock-on (DME). position of another aircraft in the immediate vicinity. A document. etc.) [TCAS] T/R TRA TRAC Track TRACON TRACS Traffic Advisory Information given to the pilot pertaining to the 116 . yield rates. ( 3 ) Estimated position and velocity of a single aircraft based on correlated surveillance data reports (TCAS). 2) provide an efficient flow of work to and from test stations. 4) provide statistical and historical data regarding throughput time for products. 3 ) provide quick access to quality information generated by the actual testing process (performed by the technician). The information contains no suggested maneuvers. ( 2 ) Thrust Reduction Altitude Terminal Radar Approach Control ( 1 ) The actual path. (Traffic advisory airspace is 1200 feet above and below the aircraft and approximately 45 seconds distant with respect to closure speed of the aircraft. failure.

The direction of the north pole from the observer. divided by x (R nmi) 2. The exact distance above mean sea level (corrected for temperature). Avionics equipment that returns an identifying coded signal. ( 1 ) Transformer Rectifier Unit . ( 2 ) True The true velocity of the aircraft through the surrounding air mass. Transponder-equipped aircraft include Mode S and ATC RBS Mode A and Mode C. The international standard for MLS installations. ( 2 ) Transport Service.Traffic Density The number of transponder-equipped aircraft within R nautical miles (nmi) of own aircraft. ( 2 ) Test Rejection and Repair Time Reference Scanning Beam. Tracking and Resolution Of Obsolete Parts Mode S Transponder ( 1 ) Test Readiness Review . and excludes own aircraft. ( 2 ) Technical Service Agreement TRANS Transceiver Transponder TRB TRD TRK TROOP TRP TRR TRSB TRU True Airspeed True Altitude True Bearing True North TS TSA 117 . Transit Routing Domain Track: The course the aircraft is traveling along the ground with respect to true North. ( 1 ) Time Source . Same as RT. (TCAS) Transition A receiver and transmitter combined in a single unit. Turbulence (TURB): A weather radar warning of approaching turbulence. ( 3 ) Traffic Synchronization ( 1 ) Tail Strike Assembly. The bearing of a ground station with respect to true north.

TSAP TSC TSDIU TSE TSIP TSM TSP TSO

Transport Service Access Point Term Service Commitment Transport Service Data Unit Total System Error Trimble Standard Interface Protocol Autothrottle Servo Mount (without Clutch) ( 1 ) Transmitted Signal Power . ( 2 ) Twisted Shielded Pair Technical Standard Order. Every unit built with a TSO name plate must meet TSO requirements. TSO operating temperature extremes are not the same as the manufacturing burn-in limits. Technology Support and Services Time Source Transition Module ( 1 ) Test Tools . ( 2 ) Total Temperature Total Inlet Temperature (Engine) Time To First Fix Time To Go: The time from present position to the next navigation fix based on current aircraft ground speed. Transistor-Transistor Logic TCAS II Receiver/Transmitter Time To Station, an indication that displays the amount of time for an aircraft to reach a selected DME ground station while traveling at a constant speed. Tele typewriter Smart Tapping Unit Test Unit Adapters Turbulence

TSS TSTM TT TT2 TTFF TTG

TTL TTR TTS

TTY TU TUA TURB

118

Turbulence

The U.S. National Weather Service defines light turbulence as areas where wind velocity shifts are 0 to 19 feet per second (0 to 5.79 meters per second) and moderate turbulence as wind velocity shifts of 19 to 35 feet per second (5.79 to 10.67 meters per second). Turbine Vane and Blade Cooling Turbine Vane Cooling Total Vertical Error Test Vector ( 1 ) Terminal Weather Data Link. ( 2 ) Two Way Data Link Terminal Doppler Weather Radar Terminal Weather Information for Pilots Tailwind Technical Work Program Turbulence Weather Radar Traveling Wave Tube Transmit (see XMIT): An annunciation that may be displayed on the Communications Radio Controller (CTL, CDU, RTU) while a radio signal is being transmitted. ( 1 ) Unnumbered Acknowledgment . ( 2 ) User Application Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter Universal Avionics Systems Corp. Universal Access Transceiver Unmanned Air Vehicle Utility Bus Uplink Block Identifier User Computer Interface Uniform Chromaticity Scale

TVBC TVC TVE TVEC TWDL TWDR TWIP TWND TWP TWR TWT TX

UA UART UASC UAT UAV UB UBI UCI UCS

119

UD

User Data. The N-User data may also be transferred between peer network members (OSI Model) as required. User Datagram Protocol Universal Flight Data Recorder Ultra-High Frequency. The portion of the radio spectrum from 300 MHz to 3 GHz. Unnumbered Information Upper flight Information Region Uplink Underwater Locator Beacon Unit Load Device User-Modifiable Information Unified Modeling Language User-Modifiable Software User-Modifiable Software Development Tool Universal Mount A DME channel without a corresponding VOR or ILS frequency. The radio transmission path upward from the earth to the aircraft. Universal Platform User Preferred Route Universal Platform Resource Management UPS Management System Uninterruptible Power Supply United States Air Force Upper Sideband is the information-carrying band and is the frequency produced by adding the carrier frequency and the modulating frequency. Unstabilized Universal Time Coordinated (French) Universal Trigger Engine

UDP UFDR UHF UI UIR UL ULB ULD UMI UML UMS UMSDT UMT Unpaired Channel Uplink UP UPR UPRM UPSMS UPS USAF USB

USTB UTC UTE

120

Volt-Amperes Volts Alternating Current ( 1 ) Value Added Processor . Takeoff rotation speed. ( 2 ) Visual-Aural Radio Range. ( 2 ) Volt Critical engine failure velocity. ( 3 ) Volt-Amps Reactive Visual Approach Slope Indicator Voltage Averaging Unit PFD Flight Director Symbology for which the command bars move vertically for pitch command and rotate for roll command. ( 2 ) Virtual Avionics Prototyping System ( 1 ) Variation . A pilot selectable speed on the PFD. A pilot selectable speed on the PFD. ( 2 ) Virtual Circuit Virtual Circuit Bridge ( 1 ) Variable Capacitance Diode . ( 2 ) Visual Aids Panel ( 1 ) Virtual Applications Prototyping System . Variable Bypass Valve ( 1 ) Design Cruising Speed . A pilot selectable speed on the PFD. ( 2 ) Voltage Controlled Device VASI VAU V BAR VBV VC VCB VCD 121 . A pilot selectable speed on the PFD.UTP UUT UV UW V V(1) V(R) V(2) V(T) VA VAC VAP VAPS VAR Unshielded Twisted Pair Unit Under Test Upper Sideband Voice Unique Word ( 1 ) Velocity . A general target speed for flight. Takeoff safety speed.

usually calibrated in hundreds of feet per minute. The portion of the radio spectrum from 30 to 300 MHz. ( 2 ) Heading to a DME Distance Volts Direct Current VHF Data Link VHF Data Link Mode X VHF Digital Radio Version Video Entertainment System The rate of change of pressure altitude.VCMAX VCMIN VCO VCU VD VDC VDL VDL Mx VDR VER VES Vertical Speed VF VFE VFO VFOP VFR VFXR (R) VFXR (X) VG/DG VG or VGND VGA VH VHDL VHF VHS VHSIC-2 Active Maximum Control Speed Active Minimum Control Speed Variable Controlled Oscillator VDL Control Unit ( 1 ) Design Diving Speed . Design Flap Speed Flaps Extended Placard Speed Variable Frequency Oscillator Visual Flight Rules Operations Panel Visual Flight Rules Flap Retraction Speed Flap Extension Speed Vertical Gyro/Directional Gyro Ground Velocity Video Graphics Adapter Maximum Level-flight Speed with Continuous Power Very High-speed integrated circuit Hardware Description Languages Very High Frequency. Very High Speed Very High Speed Integrated Circuits-Phase 2 122 .

( 2 ) VHF Management Entity. VME bus Versa Module Eurocard Card Cage Basic Clean Aircraft Minimum CAS Minimum Maneuver Speed Visual Meteorological Conditions The maximum airspeed at which an aircraft is certified to operate. or altitude. Velocity. Maximum Operation VNMS Health Monitoring VME VMECC VMIN VM (LO) VMC Vmo VMO/MMO VMON 123 . Maximum Operating/Mach. or both. This can be a fixed number or a function of configuration (gear.). etc. ( 2 ) Minimum Control Speed with Critical Engine Out ( 1 ) Versa Module Eurocard Bus.VI VIR VIs VIS VIGV VISTA VIU V/L VLE VLF VLO VLOF VLSI VLV VM V/M VMAX VMC Heading to a course intercept VOR/ILS Receiver Lowest Selectable Airspeed Video Intelligence System Variable Integral Guide Vane Virtual Integrated Software Testbed for Avionics Video Interface Unit VOR/Localizer Landing Gear Extended Placard Airspeed Very Low Frequency Maximum Landing Gear of Operating Speed Lift-off Speed Very Large Scale Integration Valve Heading to a manual termination Voltmeter Basic Clean Aircraft Maximum CAS ( 1 ) Visual Meteorological Conditions. flaps.

Voispond is not yet implemented. ( 2 ) Heading to a radial Video Random Access Memory Reference Velocity VDL Reference Guide Video Reproducer Unit VNE VNO VNR VNV VOCRAD VOD VoIP Voispond VOM VOR VOR/DME VOR/MB VORTAC VOS VOX VPATH VPN VR VRAM VREF VRG VRU 124 .VMOS V/NAV Virtual Machine Operating System Vertical Navigation: (Also VNV). A system in which a VOR and DME station are co-located. ( 2 ) Virtual Private Networks ( 1 ) Takeoff Rotation Velocity. VOR/Marker Beacon A system in which a VOR and a TACAN station are co-located. A system by which the crew can define a vertical path in space and the system can output guidance to maintain that path. Never-Exceed Speed Maximum Structural Cruising Speed VHF Navigation Receiver Vertical Navigation Voice Radio Video On Demand Voice Over Internet Protocol A CALSE L function that would automatically identify an aircraft by a voice recording. A system that provides bearing information to an aircraft. Volt-Ohm-Millimeter VHF Omnidirectional Radio Range. Velocity Of Sound Voice Transmission Vertical Path ( 1 ) Vendor Part Number .

The ratio of the amplitude of the voltage (or electric field) at a voltage maximum to that of an adjacent voltage minimum. VSWR is a measurement of the mismatch between the load and the transmission line. Stall Warn Velocity Very Small Aperture Terminal Variable Speed Constant Frequency ( 1 ) Vertical Stabilizer Control System used on NOTAR helicopter . ( 2 ) Voice Switching and Control System ( 1 ) VDL Specific DTE Address . landing and missed-approach speeds. approach.V/S Vs VSpeeds Vsw VSAT VSCF VSCS Vertical Speed Stall Velocity Automatic look-up and display of takeoff. ( 2 ) Vertical Situation Display ( 1 ) Vertical Speed Indicator. Vertical Track Distance Volumetric Top-Off Vertical Takeoff and Landing Variable Takeoff Rating Vertical Track Utility Speed Speed for Best Angle of Climb Speed for Best Rate of Climb VSD VSI VSL Advisory VSM VSO VSTOL VSV VSWR VTK VTO VTOL VTR V/TRK VU VX VY 125 . ( 2 ) Stalling Speed in a Specified Flight Configuration Vertical Speed Limit Advisory may be preventive or corrective (TCAS) Vertical Separation Minimum Stalling Speed in the Landing Configuration Vertical or Short Takeoff and Landing Variable Station Vane Voltage-Standing Wave Ratio.

W WAAS WAD WADGNSS WAFS WAI WAN WARC-92 WARC-MOB WAT WATRS Waypoint ( 1 ) Watt . airport. or geographic point a pilot uses to navigate the aircraft. Navigation aid. ( 2 ) West Wide Area Augmentation System (Method of Differential GPS) Wide Area Differential Wide Area Differential Global Navigation Satellite System World Area Forecast System Wing Anti-Ice Wide Area Network World Administrative Radio Conference (1992) World Administrative Radio Conference for the Mobile Service Weight and Temperature West Atlantic Route Structure A position along a route of flight. WBC WBS WCP WD WES WEU WFA WGS WGS-72 WGS-84 Whisper Shout A sequence of ATCRBS interrogations and 126 . Weight and Balance Computer Work Breakdown Structure WXR Control Panels Wind Direction Warning Electronic System Warning Electronic Unit WXR Flat Plate Antenna World Geodetic System World Geodetic Survey of 1972 World Geodetic System 1984 suppressions of varying power levels transmitted by TCAS equipment to reduce severity of synchronous interference and multipath problems.

Size of group varies from microprocessor to microprocessor.WING CHORD WINDMG WINDR WIP WLAN WLD WLM WMA WMI WMO W/MOD WMS WMSC WMSCR WMT WN WORD WOW WP WPT WPR WRAU WRS WRT WSDDM W/STEP WT WX An imaginary line joining the leading and trailing edges of the wing. A defined geographic point used as a reference for navigation. Weight On Wheels Working Paper Waypoint. Wind Magnitude Wind Direction Work In Progress Wireless Local Area Network Welded Pipe and Tube Wireless LAN Manager WXR Antenna Pedestal and WXR Waveguide Adapter WXR Indicator Mount World Meteorological Organization With Modification of Vertical Profile Wide-area Master Station Weather Message Switching Center Weather Message Switching Center Replacement WXR Mount Week Number Grouping of bits. Waypoint Position Report Weather Radar Attention Unit Wide-area Reference Station WXR Receiver/Transmitter Weather Support for Deicing Decision Making With Step Change in Altitude Weight Weather 127 .

SITA Cross-side X/Open Transport Interface XCVR XFR XID XLS XLTR XM XMIT XML XMTR/RCVR XPD XPDR XPTR XS XSIDE XTI 128 . X PNDR. Transceiver Transfer Exchange Identification Cross-side Translator External Master Transmit eXtended Markup Language Transmitter/Receiver ATC Transponder (also XPDR. Pitch command is shown with vertical motion of the horizontal bar and roll command is shown with lateral motion on the vertical bar. the ground-to-air frequency is 63 MHz be low the air-to-ground frequency. TPR) Transponder Cross Pointer: The flight director command bars. 12500 MHz International Air Transport Association (IATA) A DME channel. There are 126 X-channels for DME operation. For the first 63 channels.WXI WXP WXR WWW WYPT XA X-BAND XB X-Channel WXR Indicator Weather Radar Panel Weather Radar System World Wide Web Waypoint Altitude ARINC The frequency range between 8000 and . For the second 63-X Channels the ground-to-air frequency is 63 MHz above the air-to-ground frequency.

( 2 ) Zulu (GM Time) Zone Distribution Equipment Zero Fuel Weight A marker beacon.XTK XTP Yagi Antenna Crosstrack (crosstrack error) Express Transfer Protocol An antenna with its maximum radiation parallel to the long axis of its array. Zulu Time YAW YSAS YD Z ZDE ZFW Z-Marker Z 129 . a parasitic dipole reflector. Refers to movement about the vertical axis of the aircraft Yaw Stability Augmentation System Yaw Damper ( 1 ) Refer to reflectivity factor . sometimes referred to as a station locator. that provides positive identification to the pilot when the aircraft is passing directly over a low-frequency navigation aid. consisting of a driven dipole. and one parasitic dipole director or more.

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