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A brother recently asked me about Afrikan Martial Arts, and i didn’t really have alot of information on it but recently stumbled upon this very extensive list. I was not aware of 98% of this information before! Jaden Smith, didn’t have to goto China to learn Martial Arts. He should have went to Africa to film Karate Kid! Black Love. Neo-African Styles - Styles that aren’t native or traditional to Africa, but were developed recently from African martial art techniques and principles. -Afrikan Kimarekani Kutia Kivuli Ngumi African-American Shadow Boxing. Derived from Kwa Asilia Avita Sanaa. Used as somewhat a Revival for its predesescor and as tribute and as rembrence of the enslaved Africans -AKERU is a program opened as a workshop to teach African. It is based on Afro-Brazilian Dance, martial arts, culture, discipline, and philosphy. -Kamau Njia Kamau Njia, which means “Way of the Silent Warrior” in Swahili, is based on instinctive movement, practical concepts, and sound principles. This is coupled with the ability to develop skills from an individual’s natural defensive and offensive movements. These skills are thoroughly enhanced through “real time” training scenarios against grabs, strikes, weapons, and ground attacks. Through these training scenarios, students are better prepared to function during the pressure and distress of violent attacks. Derived from a variety of martial arts methods. These include Ju Jitsu, Aiki Jitsu, Kempo, Boxing, Vee Jitsu, Law Enforcement Defensive Tactics, Filipino/Indonesian Martial Arts and African Dance. -Kiungo Cha Mkono (a.k.a. “Shackle Hands” and “The Shackle Hand Style”) is an art developed by Master Nganga Mfundishi Tolo-Naa from traditional African arts. The hands are linked together based on the concept that two hands are better than one. It is also symbolic of Africans in slavery. It takes traditional blocks and strikes and combines into one action. This defense can be practical in application, but it is more flashy than anything. There are three levels, 1) hands joined at the wrist, 2) hands are separated, and 3) hands are crossed as the Egyptians are often depicted. The last being the highest level and symbolizes spiritual cultivation. Kupigana Ngumi- Known as the “Essence of African Martial Arts,” Kupigana Ngumi is a comprehensive term that is inclusive of all Afrikan Martial Arts systems. Recognized for its rhythmic dance like movements, Kupigana Ngumi was founded in the 60’s by Shaha Mfundishi Massi and Nganga Mfundishi Taloo-Naa. Kupigana Ngumi Is a complete system designed around four areas of training they are: Cultural, Emotional, Mental and Fitness. Mshindi Vita Saana- “Mshindi Vita Saana” is Kiswahili for “Champion War Art” or Victor(’s) War Art. Mshindi Vita Saana is a system of self defense developed for and by people of African descent (African Americans.) Using an African frame of reference, Mshindi Vita Saana
At its core. However. Kemet Mariama) Aha is a tricky form of boxing and grappling . -Mousondi a Martial art that later lead to the development of Kalenda. Ahah. coordination and agility to highlight traditional and contemporary movements. -Njinga An Angolan art that later contributed to the art of Capoeira. Congo -Gwindulumutu a head bashing style of martial arts from Congo -Kipura A martial art of Congo in which the fighting techniques are based on that of a rooster’s. Angola -Bassula This Angolan art’s sole purpose is to immobilize the opponent. The fight uses both hands and feet all to knock the opponent down. African Martial Arts. A predecessor of Capoeira.k. In this. Egypt -Aha (a. -Gabetula An Angolan art that supposedly involved punching that later contributed to the art of Capoeira.a. the modern objective is to only knock them down. -Kamangula An Angolan martial art and predecessor of Capoeira.approaches self defense using rhythm. A predecessor of Capoeira. Mshindi Vita Saana reflects the graceful elaborate polyrhythms found in African dance and music. Kemetic Aha. this art is much like modern Slap Boxing. because of the high risk of injury. The winner would prove his bravery in order to recieve his wife. it consists of bash your opponent open-handed. strategy. Believed to be an predecessor of Capoeira.These arts are native to Africa Algeria -El Matreg A North African martial art most commonly practiced as entertainment in Algeria. two players fight using long sticks – the idea is to score points by outwitting and out-maneuvering your opponent. -N’gola (or N’golo) An Angolan ritual martial art (used by the Bantu and Mucupis peoples) in which two males would fight in order to win a bride presented by the parents of the girl.
except that the fighters use longer staffs. maybe this picture implies that Nubian wrestlers were also highly valued by the Egyptians. -Kuta Kuta was initially developed by the bodyguards of the ancient Pharoahs in Egypt as the most efficient and effective way to defend their king. These wrestlers can use their entire body. Nuba wrestling. most likely predates Greek wrestling by several hundred years and has remained essentially unchanged for millennia. . According to one of our MartialTalk posters. it was practiced exclusively by Kemetic priests. Like Surma stickfighting of southern Sudan. parrying and blocking are essentials to survival when playing the game. Today Hikuta is used for very modern reasons. Ancient Greek wrestling and Nuba wrestling are similar in style—the wrestlers are nude and score by takedowns (not pinning).000 years. Tahteeb is played only by men and can get very bloody when two opponents do not particularly like one another. mostly the defeat of criminals. The earliest known portrayal of Nubian wrestlers is found on a wall painting from the tomb of Tyanen. “Nubian” is a common term the Egyptians used to describe all brown. Due to the fullcontact aspect of Tahteeb. anthropologists. there are no rules. an Egyptian officer who died in 1410 B.Sebekkah A native grappling art of Egypt. practiced for over 3. is one of the oldest forms of this ancient sport. When Tahteeb is played nicely one man will attack and the other will only defend and then vice versa. *NOTE: Other sources say Naboot isn’t a martial art. -Hikuta An ancient Egyptian boxing art still used today.practiced by the Kemites. Today Kuta is the basis for the art of Hikuta -Naboot Supposedly almost the same as Tahteeb. The basis for Hikuta is the ancient art of Kuta. archaeologists.and black-skinned people living to the south. but modern Greco-Romanstyle wrestling allows the competitors to use only their upper bodies for takedowns. and historians have determined that the Nubas of southern Kordofan are most likely the descendants of the ancient Nubian wrestlers. also it is a great way to show machismo and rack up potential brides.C. According to some sorces. While it is known that Egyptians recruited Nubian archers into their army. Sebekkah requires much waist power in its movements. however. -Tahteeb Tahteeb is played mostly in the Northern regions of Egypt by tuff men young and old who enjoy the challenge of a good fight. After studying the various wall paintings depicting Nubian wrestlers and comparing them to the myriad tribes in what is now modern-day Sudan. striking is the norm and joint locking is almost . but when men do not like each other and they play together suddenly the rules change and the real rules are announced. but the name of the staff used in Tahteeb. -Nubian Wrestling Nuba wrestling. Kuta remained top secret amongst the Asian rulers for over a thousand years until military soldiers found out the secrets.
-Ta-Merrian An Egyptian martial art that is based on totem animal movements and spirit dances. spar. grabs. settle personal vendettas. The 50 or more men who participate in each tournament represent different villages. the atmosphere builds with excitment as the champions come out to fight. collar bone and arm. and grabbing techniques are very intricate and are solely used in order to strike the opponent with the “Big Knuckle”. is a test of nerves and brute strength. -Gambian Wresting Gambian Wrestling is an African martial art that is a deep-seated tradition and national sport. and most importantly. spitting and flinging sand in the eyes is all legal. etc. Ethiopia -Dula Meketa the stick fighting art of the Oromo people of Ethiopia -Re-Efi-Areh-Ehsee An Ethiopian martial art that is used as a way to convey cultural identity through a fighting system. -Surma or Donga Stick Fighting. or Riesy. The Donga of Ethiopia is fought to prove masculinity. foot. and brag in challenge of noisy support from the drums. leg. parries. dance. headbutts. kicking. After sundown.unheard off. It may also include kicks. hand strikes. with the winners going on to the next round until the competition narrows to two finalists. kicks and holds to break the neck.Peul A martial art of Guinea . The fight continues until a contestant is brought to the ground. Note: May be the same as Borey. Eritrea -Testa Testa. or head. to win wives. Hand. Guinea . Punching. A Testaman may even bite the opponent’s windpipe or groin out of pure desperation. The contestants fight in heats. is a brutal Eritrean headbutting art. The warriors wear loincloths called “Juju’s” and strut. There is a similar art in Senegal called Laamb. The winner of the last bout wins the entire contest Gambia -Borey Borey is from the Gambia it is a grappling art of the Mandiga. it consists of knees.
grappling. Though centered in Africa (primarily Kenya). kicking. and joint locks -Dioula . knees and headbutts. Kayti represents the origins of all weaponry. or Hausa Boxing.Kenya -Kayti Arguably the first of all weapon-based martial arts. Kayti is the predecessor to modern swordplay (from China) and the better known Islamic Kali (from Philippines). and (in the Senegal style) consists of punching. Réunion -Moringue A stick fighting art of Réunion. Senegal -Béri A native style of wrestling from Senegal -Borey The art of Borey is also native to Senegal. punches. headbutting. the roots come from all over Africa. is a fist fighting system from Nigeria consisting of kicks.Maratabeen An Arab martial art of Morocco Nigeria -Dambe Dambe. -Massaï The fighting techniques and disciplines of the Masai people of Kenya Madagascar -Morengy The traditional boxing martial art of Madagascar Morocco . Dambe is a savage method of empty hand combat and a testament to the creativity of African warriors. -Gidigbo A kind of Wrestling practiced by the Yoruba of Western Nigeria -Igba Magba A martial art native to Nigeria -Korokoro A ritual martial art intertwined with the Korokoro dance of Nigeria.
-Mkazo Ncha Shikana African pressure point grappling. headbutting. acculturation. sharpening physical skills and mental attitudes necessary for hunting game and combat.k. gender roles.a. which would be provided by their fiances or female relatives. The system emphasizes strong combative techniques and ethical philosophy.a native martial art of Senegal -Laamb Laamb (a. Before the event the beating of the drums along with the mellow voices of the singers will alert everyone that it’s about to start. therefore continues to fulfil its traditional didactic function in some Zulu communities. It consists of punching. Zulu and Xhosa boys begin learning at an early age the utilitarian function of sport. and knees. the worthy nature and respectability of physical endeavors. Stick fighting. It is used as an initiation into the “warrior-priest caste” of the two tribes. -Zulu Stick Fighting (or Zulu Impi) Long past its days of glory. The rise of stick-fighting as a physical contest created a stage for young boys to assert themselves within a specific age-group. . achieve a degree of ‘independence’ unavailable to the common person. it teaches young members of society social values. The crowd would gather around a sandy pit and watch several bouts before the final bout of 2 champions. and modernisation. and practitioners struggle to validate its existence in these days of political turmoil. -Musangwa A martial art of South Africa. -Nguni Stick Fighting Stick-fighting in Nguni-speaking areas of South Africa has an educational role.N’oboro A stick fighting art from Senegal -Olva A native style of wrestling from Senegal South Africa -Isinaphakade Samathongo an ancestral esoteric warrior system practiced by the Zulu and Xhosa tribes of South Africa. and the rest of their body will be naked. The fighters would wear “wrappers” around their waist. shoulder. achieve a social identity in competition with others. . Strikes and slaps are allowed nowadays. earslaps. Most commonly practiced in Senegal. stick fighting is no longer a common practice among the Zulu people. Nonetheless. The winner must knock his opponent’s knees. stick fighting appears to assist in upholding the traditional social system by perpetuating socially accepted modes of male behaviour and ideals. or back to the sand. and. possibly. “Senegalese wrestling”) is a wrestling art that takes place in Senegal. as a cultural tradition.
In wrestling competitions. and. it is feared that if the Nuba were to lose wrestling. practiced by the Nuba tribe. in which thanks is given to God for providing a good harvest. It is so intertwined with all aspects of Nuba culture. Wrestling also has connections with fertility rites. beetween fight and dance. Successful wrestlers achieve a higher status that follows them through life. Stick fighting is part of the ceremonies that follow the harvest. as the name indicates. and animistic beliefs. Only the men take part in it. ancestral worship. It is embedded in the spiritual traditions of the people. This sport is always carried out at the end of autumn and the beginning of harvest. and chooses a protagonist among the others men of the circle. boys try to prove there manhood by winning an Evala wrestling match and is used as an intiation ceremony -Zvaha A native wrestling martial art of Togo Unknown Country of Origin -Yuna Onse An art that is very similar to Capoeira. as it is one of its many predecessors Caribbean Arts. “Wrestling is more than just a sport to the Nubas—it is a seminal part of their culture with both social and religious purposes. in harmony with the other dancer. -Nuba Wrestling The ancestor of the ancient Nubian Wrestling. The dancer in the circle does movements simulating fight.Sudan -Nuba Stick Fighting Rarely practiced today. The stick-fighting is a contest conducted by. a stick and a shield between two contestants. it might cause them to lose other customs. grew in 19th century among slaves of sugar plantations in Cuba. Then the elected “adversary” comes in the circle.”. traditional Nuba Stick fights are most commonly practiced among the Moro tribe. a fighting-dance martial art.These arts were developed by the African slaves of the Caribbean Cuba -Mani Mani. Curaçao . executes a choregraphy of movements.National Geographic -Toubata A native wrestling art of Sudan Togo -Evala Evala is a wrestling sport practiced by the Kabye people of northern Togo. Boys prepare for manhood through wrestling competitions. and it is completely forbidden during the cultivation season. in case it puts the youths off their work.
It was a game of skills. stick-fighting and the tambú game ‘blood for the drum’. performed during tambú feasts. They manipulated the sticks masterfully. -Sové Vayan (or Sovayan) a stick fighting art that was created developed in Guadeloupe Haiti -Pinge A Haitian martial art developed by the African slaves residing there. The loser had to let some blood flow on the skin of the drum. according to Brenneker. Koko Makuku. Guadeloupe -Bénolè (or Bénolin) a stick fighting art of Guadeloupe. A drummer would beat time. -Machet’e A Jamaican martial art developed by African Slaves out of a burning desire for freedom. is also mentioned by father Paul Brenneker in his series “Sambubu”. If the loser bled from his head wound. If one of them saw an opportunity to deal a blow to the other on his head. Among these were stick-dancing. Each of two men held his stick at the ends. he would be the winner.” This was made from a wine or rum barrel. -Mayolet (or Mayolé) Mayolet is a stick fighting martial art from Guadoloupe. It was developed from Danmyé. “Ladja”) is the first martial art to ever be practiced in Martinique. The men were supposed to defend their own head with their stick and simultaneously make efforts to strike the opponent with it on his head. Some slaves . the development of the game of sticks was obvious. the “koko makaku” was also used as a defensive weapon and for cultural and sports activities.k. the bystanders would shout: “sanger pa tambú” (blood for the drum). at approximately 4 o’clock in the afternoon. “The game of sticks was not bound to seasons or festivities and in former days it used to be played on Sundays. Developed for the same reasons as Machet’e and Capoeira Jamaica -Bangaran A martial art developed by the maroons of Jamaica. In addition to being used as a walking stick. Stickfighting. thus reports René Rosalia in his contribution to the ‘third seminar on Latin-American and Caribbean folklore’.a. Bangaran is taught from generation to generation.-Koko Makaku The walking stick. which took place in Curaçao in 1990. As in the old times practically every man went out with a stick. Martinique -Danmyé (a. was in fashion in Curaçao in the early 20th century. approached the other and danced and jumped around to the rhythm of the singing and clapping of hands of the spectators.
Desire and La Resource. The wrestler has to get the upperhand of his opponent while respecting the drummer’s pace. in front of a bank during a carnival. They can only be given to drive the opponent to refuse a hand-to-hand fight. The main goal is to score more points than the opponent does and hit without being hit. all strikes must be restrained and given without intending to hit. It was made of cog-wood. A fighter can win by referee’s ruling afte a decision blow. A conch shell is blown to call the drummers and the batonniers to the ring. Mt. There are many places to practice: in pitts. one of fighter being hit more than the other (amount of points in a 2-minute fight). or being immobilized on the ground (Kakan). dance and be entertained by stick fights.any part above the waist . It combines strikes with wrestling and grappling skills.from Senegal and elsewhere. Hitting “under the belt” or striking a player when he fell or was forced to kneel was an infringement. Men. It is a serious full contact art that can open gashes on the head and chest. different songs are played on the drums to help the contestants along. Again. lifting your opponent off the ground. Music is very important in most African arts and this is no exception. -Trinidad Stick Fighting (a. village fairs. The wrestler has to hit and move in harmony with the rhythm or the guilty party would be disqualified. Blows were usually aimed at the head and damage to the skull was a very common occurrence in stick fighting. ‘Bois’ or ‘Sticklick’) is an art from Carriacou. The wrestler then draws an invisible circle which represents a magic space and any person entering the circle is an opponent. The aim of each stick fighter was to deliver a blow that would hit the opponent on the body . The stick used was between three and four feet long and was about seven-eighths of an inch in diameter. known as the introductory stage of the fight. When the contestants get in the ring. and appointed fights until 1947. which symbolized the passing from adolescence to adulthood and included a confrontation which took the form of a fight. The wrestlers determine the fightin space by dancing around in a ring to the rhythm of the drum. It was confined to two communiteis. women and children gathered to sing. African Diasporic Arts of South America -These arts were developed by the African slaves of South America Brazil . the wood of the yellow poui tree or even the sour guava.hard enough to fell him to the ground. a hollow made for this purpose in the ground in the center of the fighting ring. The rules of the game were few.a. when the authorities banned Danmyé. as long as a player’s skull was cut he had to retire and drain the blood into the “blood hole”. Fights were practiced in festivals.k. There are many stances the main is to hold it with 2 hands in front of your face for defense and let swing down to which ever way you need. However. The object is to strike your opponet while moving away artistically to make them look foolish. that were on there way to the island of Gorée created a fighting art inspired by the initiation ceremony of “N’golo”. Trinidad -Kalenda (or Kalinda) It is believed that kalinda began around 1860 when the freed slaves organized themselves into competing bands and held performances. and bèlè events (what ever that is).
apparently relaxed and close to the ground. A circle or roda is formed with the muscicians at the foot of it known as the pe da roda. Different rythms call for a different speed and type of game. approximately 400 yrs. the object of Bate Coxe was to knock the opponent down using collisions of the thigh. The one thing that stands out for someone witnessing a Capoeira game for the first time is the music. self-defense. Angola is slower paced with subtle yet cunning moves and much longer games. Once in the roda the players (Capoeiristas) move and interact/react in various combinations of acrobatic and poetic moves. Angola is the original form. The goal is to knock the opponents head till the death. The music and lyrics play a big part in the way the game or jogo will be conducted. A predecessor of Capoeira -Batuque (a. Capoeira can be done by anyone of any age or size. Capoeira possesses a very unique style that brings together beauty and power. acrobatic yet much shorter games. also dictate game characteristics. This is where the players usually enter the roda with a cartwheel or some other type of move. the art is little used today. A predecessor of Capoeira Suriname -Susa Susa is an art very similar (and may be a style of) Capoeira that is practiced by the Saramaccan and Ndyuka diasporic people of Suriname Venezuela -Broma An Afro-Venezuelan martial art African Diasporic Arts of North America -These arts were developed by the African slaves of North America . Regional is faster paced with more dynamic. physical conditioning. but much more dance-influenced. The lyrics which are traditionally in Brazilian Portuguese. The next thing that strikes observers about Capoeira is that the movements of the players are very different from any other type of martial art. Capoeira has two forms. Bets were made of money or even women. Capoeira is also a social event filled with tradition and history. Much emphasis on kicking. The players stay mainly erect and throw faster attacks.a. with more Jumps -Luta do Bode A headbutting martial art used by the Africans in Brazil. in Brazil. music and a profound sense of art. Capoeira Batuque) Batuque is supposedly much like Capoeira (and one it’s many predecessors). -Capoeira Capoeira was created by African slaves. Regional is a newer form of Capoeira spawned from Angola. For this reason. More than a martial art. ago as a martial art. all at once. developing mental balance. The moves are slower. Capoeira Angola and Capoeira Regional.-Bate Coxa Used by Africans of bigger stature.k.
Closing Gates. meditation. Gorilla. I could find no information on the following arts: Batonique (May be the Same as Batuque) MgBwa (may be the same as Igba Magba) . subject to arrest”. Comstock. Some of them are Jail-House-Rock. For obvious reasons most of the arts went underground or died out but not all of them. African caught without “visible means of support” could be made “indentured servants” to a white employer by the courts of law with penal imprisonment being his punishment if he left his new “slave master”. It is during this time period that African martial arts left over from slavery began to creep into the penal system. and healing which includes medical gymnastic (self-defense techniques). PK. 52. Assassination. it does not emphasize the traditional methods of guerrilla warfare (Ambush. Although Kwa Asilia Avita Sanaa attempts to remain consistant with the fighting systems of ancient African warriors. and stealth). 42. The Europeans have been practicing the African art of “Boxing” for millenniums every since the Greeks adopted it from ancient Kemet (Egypt). To make matters worse those Africans who tried to migrate to other states to escape the new slavery functioning under the guise of penal conviction were forced to “post bonds or be declared vagrants. Strato.United States of America -Jailhouse Rock In order to understand how an African martial art came to be in the Prison system in the evolved gloriously mutated manifestation known as “Jail House Rock” one needs to understand the political. -Kwa Asilia Avita Sanaa Kwa Asilia Avita Sanaa is a deadly fighting art that can be used as an educational system. Instead emphasis is placed on internal development. For example “Boxing” matches pitting African slaves between different plantations were popular as well as cockfighting and dog fights. Mount Meg. Due to the contemporary politics of the United States and the profitable running of prisons by private corporations this lethal art continues to thrive as a functional necessity of modern African Americans. African orphans were turned over to white slave masters to work for free until they reached adulthood. Stick fighting to a very limited degree and the art of kicking and knocking were sometimes permitted. Here are some examples of the Black Codes. -Kicking and Knocking A fearsome kicking and head-butting art developed by the African slaves. BarnYard etc. economic and racially charged environment of the United States before and principally after the great “Civil War”. During the African Holocaust of slavery many African warriors were captured and with them came their traditional fighting arts. a competitive sport. It is in this hostile racist environment that African martial systems that had survived the original slavery entered the penal system of the United States via ex-slaves and mutated into various styles at different prisons. Since the African language had long been forbidden and forgotten new regional names were developed to reference the art. Exploiting the slave loophole in the Thirteenth Amendment the former slave states began utilizing the penal system to re-institute Slavery visa via the Black Codes. Excessive fines were levied against Africans for minor offenses and then the courts would turn around sentence these Africans to work for planters who would pay their fines. breath control. and a form of self-enlightenment.
Tekengumi Yangumi Yara Zuar .
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