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Prepared by: Lovelyn Q. Ramirez Frances Margott C. Ramos BSN IV - 4
A dangerous good is any solid, liquid, or gas that can harm people, other living organisms, property, or the environment. An equivalent term, used almost exclusively in the United States, is hazardous material (HAZMAT). Dangerous goods may be radioactive, flammable, explosive, toxic, corrosive, biohazardous, an oxidizer, an asphyxiant, a pathogen, an allergen, or may have other characteristics that render it hazardous in specific circumstances.
HAZMAT CLASS 1 EXPLOSIVES HAZMAT Class 1. which is designed to function by explosion or which. including a device. based on the UNO Hazard Class and Division system. which are any substance or article. indicates Explosives. by chemical reaction within itself is able to function in a similar manner even if not designed to function by explosio .
DISPLAYING THE CLASS 1.Class 1 hazard sign (the orange lozenge) on a military ammunition load. . US ARMY TRUCKS LADEN WITH AMMUNITION.1 EXPLOSIVE PLACARD ON THE FRONT.
3 kPa .HAZMAT CLASS 2 GASES A gas is a substance which (a) at 50 °C (122 °F) has a vapour pressure greater than 300 kPa or (b) is completely gaseous at 20 °C (68 °F) at a standart pressure of 101.
.3.HAZMAT CLASS 2 GASES DIVISION 2.6 psia) or greater at 20 °C (68 °F). and Does not meet the definition of Division 2. pressurized cryogenic gas. asphyxiant gas and oxidizing gas. liquefied gas.2 Non-Flammable. Non-Toxic Gas This division includes compressed gas.1 or 2. nonpoisonous compressed gas (Division 2. A non-flammable.2) means any material (or mixture) which: Exerts in the packaging an absolute pressure of 280 kPa (40. compressed gas in solution.
3 kPa (a material which has a boiling point of 20 °C or less at 101.116(a) for assignment of Hazard Zones A. is presumed to be toxic to humans because when tested on laboratory animals it has an LC50 value of not more than 5000 ml/m³. C or D.HAZMAT CLASS 2 GASES HAZMAT CLASS 2 GASES Toxic Gas Gas poisonous by inhalation means a material which is a gas at 20 °C or less and a pressure of 101. B.7 psi)) and which: Is known to be so toxic to humans as to pose a hazard to health during transportation. See 49CFR 173. .3kPa (14. or In the absence of adequate data on human toxicity.
A propane tank car after a fire. . the HAZMAT 1075 symbol can be seen in red as a warning of the danger posed by the gas. Loading a container (with the Hazmat Class 2 symbol on the rear doors) aboard a ship.
HAZMAT CLASS 3 FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS A flammable liquid is a liquid with flash point of not more than 60. . Flash Point: The flash point is the minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor within a test vessel in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid.8°C (100°F).5°C (141°F). or any material in a liquid phase with a flash point at or above 37.
or Adding accelerants. . without: Artificially changing variables such as pressure or density.1: FLAMMABLE SOLID Flammable solids are any materials in the solid phase of matter that can readily undergo combustion in the presence of a source of ignition under standard circumstances.e. i.HAZMAT CLASS 4 DIVISION 4.
2: SPONTANEOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE Spontaneously combustible material is: Pyrophoric Material: A pyrophoric material is a liquid or solid that. when in contact with air and without an energy supply. . can ignite within five (5) minutes after coming in contact with air when tested according to the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. is liable to self-heat. Self-Heating Material: A self-heating material is a material that.DIVISION 4. even in small quantities and without an external ignition source.
when tested in accordance with the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria.DIVISION 4. is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate greater than 1 liter per kilogram of the material. . by contact with water. per hour.3: DANGEROUS WHEN WET Dangerous when wet material is material that.
generally by yielding oxygen.1 material if. its mean burning time is less than or equal to the burning time of a 3:7 potassium bromate/cellulose mixture.1: OXIDIZERS An oxidizer is a material that may. when tested in accordance with the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. cause or enhance the combustion of other materials.DIVISION 5. when tested in accordance with the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. A liquid material is classed as a Division 5. . A solid material is classed as a Division 5.1 material if. it spontaneously ignites or its mean time for a pressure rise from 690 kPa to 2070 kPa gauge is less than the time of a 1:1 nitric acid (65 percent)/cellulose mixture.
The material is forbidden from being offered for transportation according to 49CFR 172.2 material .21. in which case it must be classed as an explosive.2: ORGANIC PEROXIDES An organic peroxide is any organic compound containing oxygen (O) in the bivalent -O-O.structure and which may be considered a derivative of hydrogen peroxide. unless any of the following paragraphs applies: The material meets the definition of an explosive as prescribed in subpart C of this part. where one or more of the hydrogen atoms have been replaced by organic radicals. The Associate Administrator for Hazardous Materials Safety has determined that the material does not present a hazard which is associated with a Division 5.101 of this subchapter or 49CFR 173.DIVISION 5.
or which. which is known to be so toxic to humans as to afford a hazard to health during transportation. Dermal Toxicity.DIVISION 6. in the absence of adequate data on human toxicity: Is presumed to be toxic to humans because it falls within any one of the following categories when tested on laboratory animals (whenever possible. animal test data that has been reported in the chemical literature should be used): Oral Toxicity: A liquid with an LD50 for acute oral toxicity of not more than 500 mg/kg or a solid with an LD50 for acute oral toxicity of not more than 200 mg/kg. which causes extreme irritation. especially in confined spaces.1 INHALATION HAZARD Poisonous material is a material. . or Is an irritating material. other than a gas. Inhalation Toxicity: A dust or mist with an LC50 for acute toxicity on inhalation of not more than 10 mg/L. A material with an LD50 for acute dermal toxicity of not more than 1000 mg/kg. or a material with a saturated vapor concentration in air at 20 °C (68 °F) of more than one-fifth of the LC50 for acute toxicity on inhalation of vapors and with an LC50 for acute toxicity on inhalation of vapors of not more than 5000 ml/m³. with properties similar to tear gas.
an environmental-health engineer working for theDow Chemical Company on the containment products. refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms. primarily that of humans.2: BIOHAZARDS Biological hazards. virus or toxin (from a biological source) that can affect human health (a biological contamination). also known as biohazards. The biohazard symbol was developed in 1966 by Charles Baldwin. The term and its associated symbol is generally used as a warning.DIVISION 6. It can also include substances harmful to animals. This can include medical waste or samples of a microorganism. so that those potentially exposed to the substances will know to take precautions. .
The international symbol for biological hazard. .
Radioactive placard on containers aboard a US Navy ship. HAZMAT CLASS 7 RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES . Radioactive substances are materials that emit radiation.
A liquid that has a severecorrosion rate on steel or aluminum based on the criteria in 49CFR 173. .HAZMAT CLASS 8 CORROSIVE SUBSTANCES A corrosive material is a liquid or solid that causes full thickness destruction of human skin at the site of contact within a specified period of time.137(c)(2) is also a corrosive material.
137(c)(2) is also a corrosive material. A liquid that has a severecorrosion rate on steel or aluminum based on the criteria in 49CFR 173. A corrosive material is a liquid or solid that causes full thickness destruction of human skin at the site of contact within a specified period of time. .
HAZMAT CLASS 9 MISCELLANEOUS The miscellaneous hazardous materials category encompasses all hazardous materials that do not fit one of the definitions listed in Class 1 through Class 8. .
a hazardous waste. . or a marine pollutant. or Any material that meets the definition in 49 CFR 171. The miscellaneous hazardous material is a material that presents a hazard during transportation but which does not meet the definition of any other hazard class. noxious or other similar property which could cause extreme annoyance or discomfort to a flight crew member so as to prevent the correct performance of assigned duties. This class includes: Any material which has an anesthetic.8 for an elevated temperature material. a hazardous substance.
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