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LINGUISTICS – PHONOLOGY

adapted from Majlis Bahasa Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia (MABBIM) 1994

Adapted from: Majlis Bahasa Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia (MABBIM). 1994. Microsoft Word – Sidang Ke-8 Pakar – Linguistik _Fonologi_.doc. Sidang Ke-8 Pakar MABBIM (Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, 25-29 September 1994). Online URL: http://dbp.gov.my/mab2000/Aktiviti/Pakar/pakar.htm: Sidang Pakar/Hasil Sidang/Sidang Ke-8, 1994/Linguistik/Fonologi; http://dbp.gov.my/mab2000/Aktiviti/Pakar/s8lf.pdf.

English abbreviation ablaut abnormal vowel abrupt absorption of sound abstract sound accent accentology accentual system accentual unit accentuation accommodation assimilation accompanied sound acoustics active air chamber active articulator active cavity

Indonesia singkatan; penyingkatan ablaut vokal abnormal tiba-tiba penyerapan bunyi bunyi abstrak/bunyi mujarab loghat/telor/pelat; tekanan; aksen; tanda diakritik aksen aksentologi sistem tekanan (kalimat) unit tekanan, satuan tekanan penekanan/aksentuasi bunyi iringan akustika rongga aktif artikulator aktif rongga aktif

Brunei Darussalam singkatan ablaut vokal abnormal tiba-tiba penyerapan bunyi bunyi abstrak pelat; tekanan; aksen aksentologi sistem tekanan unit tekanan penekanan asimilasi sebagian/asimilasi akomodasi bunyi iringan ilmu akustik ruang udara aktif artikulator aktif rongga aktif

Malaysia singkatan; penyingkatan ablaut vokal abnormal/vokal bilazim tiba-tiba penyerapan bunyi bunyi abstrak/bunyi mujarab loghat/telor/pelat; tekanan; aksen; tanda diakritik aksen aksentologi sistem tekanan unit tekanan/satuan penekanan asimilasi tak sempurna bunyi iringan ilmu akustik ruang udara aktif artikulator aktif rongga aktif

Keputusan MABBIM A A A A A A A A A A A D A A C A A

Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology

Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08
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English actualization acute acoustic phonetic acute accent acute resonant acute resonant distinctive feature Adam’s apple adaptation addition rule adjustment rule affricate agogics of speech air air chamber air mechanism air stream air stream mechanism allophone allophonic change allophonic realization allophonic variant allotagma alphabet alphabetic writing alphabetography alphabetology alteration alternant alternation alternation coordination alternation condition

Indonesia pewujudan tirus fonetik akustik aksen tirus resonan tirus fitur distingtif resonan tirus jakun penyesuaian, adaptasi kaidah penambahan kaidah ubah suaian afrikat irama ujaran udara rongga udara mekanisme udara arus udara mekanisme arus udara alofon perubahan alofonis pewujudan alofonis varian alofon abjad/alfabet tulisan alfabetis alfabetografi alfabetologi perubahan varian alternasi kordinasi alternasi syarat alternasi/kondisi

Brunei Darussalam pewujudan tirus fonetik akustik aksen tirus/tekanan tirus resonan tirus ciri distingtif resonan tirus halkum penyesuaian rumus tambahan rumus ubah suai letusan/afrikat irama ujaran udara ruang udara mekanisme udara arus udara mekanisme arus udara alofon perubahan alofon pewujudan alofon varian alofon/kelainan alofon alotagma abjad/alfabet tulisan abjad/tulisan alfabet alfabetografi alfabetologi perubahan varian/kelainan alternasi kordinasi alternasi syarat alternasi

Malaysia pewujudan tirus fonetik akustik (tanda) aksen tirus resonan tirus/kenyaringan tirus ciri distingtif resonan tirus halkum penyesuaian rumus tambahan rumus ubah suai letusan/afrikat irama ujaran; sistem irama ujaran udara ruang udara mekanisme udara arus udara mekanisme arus udara alofon perubahan alofon pewujudan alofon varian alofon/kelainan alofon alotagma abjad/alfabet tulisan abjad/tulisan alfabet alfabetografi alfabetologi perubahan varian/kelainan alternasi kordinasi pilihan/persetaraan pilihan syarat alternasi

Keputusan MABBIM A A A A A A B A B A A A A A A A A A A A A D A A A A A A A A A

Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology

Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08
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English

Indonesia alternasi alveolar lengkung gusi/lengkung alveolum pangkal gigi/gusi bunyi alveolar alveopalatal bunyi alveolopalatal alveolum/gusi ambisilabik konsonan ambisilabik penguatan, amplifikasi bersifat penguat, amplikatif amplitude lingkungan analogus/lingkungan serupa notasi takalfabetis perlambangan takalfabatis vokal swarabakti swarabakti kurung sudut anterior lihat: regressive dissimilation lihat: regressive dissimilation antiresonasi apertur ujung lidah ujung lidah aferesis afesis artikulasi ujung lidah bunyi ujung lidah

Brunei Darussalam

Malaysia

Keputusan MABBIM A A B A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A D D A A A D A A A A

Topic

Source

alveolar alveolar arch alveolar ridge alveolar sound alveolopalatal alveolopalatal sound alveolum ambisyllabic ambisyllabic consonant amplification amplificative amplitude analogous environment analphabetic notation analphabetic symbolism anaptyctic vowel anaptyxis angle bracket anterior anticipatory assimilation anticipatory dissimilation antiresonance aperture apex apex of tongue aphaeresis aphesis apical articulation apical sound

(sifat) gusi/alveolar lengkung gusi/lengkung alveolar batas gusi/batas alveolar bunyi gusi/bunyi alveolar alveolopalatal bunyi alveolopalatal alveolum/gusi bersifat (sabdu)/ambisilabik konsonan bersabdu/konsonan ambisilabik penguatan bersifat penguat amplitud lingkungan analogus notasi takabjad perlambangan takabjad vokal swarabakti swarabakti kurung sudut anterior lihat: regressive assimilation lihat: regressive dissimilation antiresonans apertur hujung lidah hujung lidah aferesis afesis artikulasi hujung lidah bunyi hujung lidah

(sifat) gusi/alveolar lengkung gusi/lengkung alveolar batas gusi/batas alveolar bunyi gusi/bunyi alveolar alveopalatal bunyi alveolopalatal alveolum/gusi bersifat (sabdu) konsonan bersabdu/konsonan ambisilabik penguatan bersifat penguat amplitud lingkungan analogus notasi biabjad perlambangan biabjad vokal swarabakti swarabakti kurung sudut anterior lihat: regressive assimilation lihat: regressive dissimilation antiresonans apertur hujung lidah hujung lidah aferesis afesis artikulasi hujung lidah bunyi hujung lidah

Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology

MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08
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English apicoapico-alveolar apico-dental apico-dental sound apocopation apocope apophony apostrophe application approximant Arabic script arbitrariness arbitrary arbitrary symbol archiphone archiphoneme arrangement arrow operator symbol articulacy articulation articulation mechanism articulator articulatory parameter articulatory phonetics articulatory setting articulatory system articulatory variable artificial palate artificial script artificial speech ascending diphthong aspirate

Indonesia apikoapikoalveolar apikodental bunyi apikodental pengapokopean apokope apofoni apostrof penerapan aproksiman, hampiran aksara Arab kearbitraran arbitrari lambang arbitrari/simbol arbitrari arkifon arkifonem lambang panah operator kefasihan artikulasi mekanisme artikulat artikulator parameter artikulatoris fonetik artikulatoris penyesuaian artikulatoris sistem artikulasi variabel artikulatoris langit-langit palsu aksara buatan ujaran buatan diftong me (naik) hembus, aspirat

Brunei Darussalam apikoapikoalveolar apikodental bunyi apikodental pengapokopean apokope apofoni apostrofe penerapan malaran tak bergeser/aproksiman aksara Arab kearbitrarian arbitrari lambang arbitrari/simbol arbitrari arkifon arkifonem susunan lambang panah penggerak/simbol panah penggerak kefasihan artikulasi mekanisme artikulasi alat artikulasi/artikulator parameter artikulasi fonetik artikulasi penyesuaian alat artikulasi sistem artikulasi pemboleh ubah artikulasi lelangit palsu aksara buatan ujaran buatan diftong menaik aspirat

Malaysia apikoapikoalveolar apikodental bunyi apikodental pengapokopean apokope apofoni koma atas penerapan malaran tak bergeser/aproksiman aksara Arab kearbitrarian arbitrari lambang arbitrari/simbol arbitrari arkifon arkifonem susunan lambang arbitrari/simbol panah penggerak kefasihan artikulasi mekanisme artikulasi alat artikulasi/artikulator parameter artikulasi fonetik artikulasi penyesuaian alat artikulasi sistem artikulasi pemboleh ubah artikulasi lelangit palsu aksara buatan ujaran buatan diftong menaik aspirat/hembusan

Keputusan MABBIM A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A A D C A A A A A A A A B A A A A A

Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology

Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08
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5.English aspirated aspirated affricate aspirated stop aspirated-P aspiration asbilant assibilate assign assimilated loan assimilation assonance asyllabic asymmetric atonic attraction attribute audible area audiogram audiology audiometer audiometry auditory feedback auditory area auditory center auditory discrimination auditory masking auditory organs auditory phonetics Indonesia berhembusan/beraspirasi hembusan.doc 3-Aug-04 p. 46 . beraspirasi hentian beraspirasi Brunei Darussalam beraspirasi/berhembusan letusan beraspirasi/afrikat beraspirasi hentian beraspirat P-beraspirat aspirasi desisan/asibilan mendesis/mengasibilat menentukan pinjaman terasimilasi asimilasi asonansi tak silabik tak simetri lemah pengaruh bunyi sifat/atribut kawasan boleh dengar audiogram audiologi audiometer audiometri maklum balas pendengaran kawasan pendengaran/kawasan auditori pusat pendengaran diskriminasi auditori pengaburan pendengaran alat pendengaran fonetik pendengaran Malaysia beraspirasi/berhembusan letusan berhembusan/afrikat beraspirasi hentian berhembusan/hentian beraspirasi P-hembusan penghembusan/aspirasi desisan desis menentukan pinjaman tersuai/pinjaman terasimilasi penyesuaian/asimilasi asonansi tak silabik tak simetri lemah pengaruh bunyi sifat/atribut kawasan boleh dengar audiogram audiologi audiometer audiometri maklum balas pendengaran kawasan pendengaran/kawasan auditori lihat: pusat auditori keterbezaan auditori pengaburan pendengaran alat pendengaran fonetik pendengaran/fonetik auditori Keputusan MABBIM A B D A D D A A A A A A A D A B A A A A B B D B A A B Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 aspirasi asibilan menentukan serapan terasimilasi/pinjaman terasimilasi asimilasi asonansi tak silabik tak simetris lemah atribut batas daerah dengar audiogram audiologi audiometer audiometri maklum balas audiotori daerah pendengaran/daerah auditori pembedaan auditoris pengabungan pendengaran alat pendengaran fonetik auditori /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.

English aural discrimination automatic variant autonomous sound change autosegment autosegmental phonology back of tongue back vowel backing (of tongue) balance basic alternant basis of articulation bilabial bilabial sound bilabiodental bilateral bilateral consonant bilateral opposition binarism binarity binary bisyllable biuniqueness blade of tongue bleeding rule bleeding order blocked syllable bone conduction borrowed element Indonesia varian auditoris varian otomatis/varian bersyarat perubahan bunyi otonom autosegmen fonologi autosegmental belakang lidah vokal belakang Brunei Darussalam diskriminasi pendengaran varian bersyarat perubahan bunyi autonom autosegmen fonologi autosegmental belakang lidah vokal belakang pengunduran (lidah) keseimbangan alternan dasar landasan artikulasi bilabial/dwibibir bunyi bilabial/bunyi dwibibir bilabiodental bilateral/dwisisi konsonan bilateral/konsonan dwisisi pertentangan bilateral/pertentangan dwisisi binarisme/kebineran kebineran lihat: binary biner dwisuku (kata) kedwiunikan daun lidah rumus peluka urutan peluka suku kata tertutup maklum balas pendengaran unsur pinjaman Malaysia diskriminasi pendengaran varian bersyarat perubahan bunyi autonom autosegmen fonologi autosegmental belakang lidah vokal belakang pengunduran (lidah) keseimbangan alternan dasar landasan artikulasi bilabial/dua bibir bunyi bilabial/bunyi dua bibir bilabiodental bilateral/dwisisi konsonan bilateral/konsonan dwisisi pertentangan bilateral/pertentangan dwisisi kededuaan/kebineran kededuaan/kebineran lihat: binary biner dwisuku (kata) kedwiunikan daun lidah rumus peluka urutan peluka suku kata tertutup maklum balas pendengaran unsur pinjaman Keputusan MABBIM B A A A A A A D D A C A A A A A B A A A A A A A A A D A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.doc 3-Aug-04 . 6. 46 varian dasar/alternan dasar dasar artikulasi bilabial bunyi bilabial bilabiodental bilateral konsonan bilateral oposisi bilateral binarisme/kebineran kebineran lihat: binary biner dwisuku kedwiunikan daun lidah rumus peluka urutan peluka suku kata tertutup unsur pinjaman/unsur /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.

7.doc 3-Aug-04 . mulut rongga mulut/rongga oral kakofoni retrofleks bunyi retrofleks kadensa bentuk kanonik arus udara terkurung vokal kardinal hambat glotal peminjaman sempadan terbatas kurung busur kurung Konvensi Penghapusan Kurung pengurungan latihan pengurungan nafas kelompok nafas/gugus nafas glotis terbuka arus nafas segmen tak bersuara bunyi nafasan diakritik pernafasan engah bref vokal depan spektrogram jalur lebar transkripsi kasar vokal luas oral.English Indonesia serapan peminjaman/serapan batas terbatas kurung busur kurung Konvensi Penghapusan Kurung pengurungan nafas gugus napas glotis terbuka segmen takbersuara Brunei Darussalam Malaysia Keputusan MABBIM A A A A A A A D A A A D A D D A A A A A D A A A B B A A A D A A D Topic Source borrowing boundary bounded bow bracket bracket Bracket Erasure Convention bracketing bracketing exercise breath breath group breath state breath stream breathed segment breathed sound breathing breathy breve bright vowel broad band spectrogram broad transcription broad vowel buccal buccal cavity cacophony cacuminal cacuminal sound cadence canonic-form capped air stream cardinal cardinal vowel catch categorization mengah bref vokal depan spektrogram pita lebar transkripsi kasar vokal oral. tanda bunyi lemah vokal depan spektrogram jalur lebar transkripsi kasar vokal belakang oral. 46 mengah bref. mulut rongga mulut/rongga oral kakofoni gelungan/kakuminal bunyi gelungan/bunyi kakuminal kadens bentuk kanonik arus udara terkurung vokal kardinal hentian glotis pengkategorian peminjaman sempadan terbatas kurung busur kurung Konvensi Penghapusan Kurung pengurungan latihan pengurungan nafas kelompok nafas/gugus nafas glotis terbuka segmen tak bersuara Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. mulut rongga mulut/rongga oral kakofoni gelungan/kakuminal bunyi gelungan/bunyi kakuminal kadens bentuk kanonik/bentuk dasar arus udara terkurung kardinal vokal kardinal hentian glotis pengkategorian /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.

inti suku kata. pusat lidah. 8.j. pusat lidah.: median resonant (bunyi) oral tengah nyaring bunyi tengah vokoid tengah vokal tengah penengahan penengahan bunyi 1. 3.doc 3-Aug-04 . 2. pusat lidah.: media of tongue diftong menengah saluran carta carta norma fonetik dari fonem ciri distingtif inheren cek suku kata tertutup vokal tertutup denyut dada suku kata tertutup lihat: closed syllable vokal tertutup denyut /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.j. 2. inti suku kata pusat lidah diftong pusat saluran bagan lambang kategori/simbol kategori rongga gesekan rongga senematik senem senetik diftong menengah saluran udara tengah bunyi tak nyaring tengah bunyi nyaring tengah l. 2. kata utama pusat lidah l.English category category symbol cavity cavity friction cenematics ceneme cenetics centering diphthong central air escape central non-resonant sound central resonant central resonant oral central sound central vocoid central vowel centralization centralization of sound center center of tongue centering diphthong channel chart chart of phonetic norms of phonemes checked inherent distinctive feature checked syllable checked vowel chest pulse Indonesia Brunei Darussalam kategori lambang kategori/simbol kategori rongga gesekan rongga senematik senem senetik diftong menengah saluran udara tengah bunyi tak nyaring tengah resonan tengah oral resonan tengah bunyi tengah vokoid tengah vokal tengah penengahan penengahan bunyi 1. inti suku kata pusat lidah diftong menengah saluran carta carta norma fonetik dari fonem fitur distingtif inheren terhalang suku kata tertutup lihat: closed syllable vokal tertutup denyut dada Malaysia Keputusan MABBIM D D A A A A A B A A B C A A A B B A A B A A D D A A A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 46 rongga gerisikan rongga senematik senem senetik diftong pusat saluran udara tengah bunyi tak nyaring tengah/bunyi nonresonan tengah resonan tengah bunyi tengah vokoid tengah vokal tengah sentralisasi sentralisasi bunyi 1.

doc 3-Aug-04 . 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 9.English chrone chroneme circumflexion operator symbol clear L click click sound cline closed transition closed vocoid close vowel close-knit nucleus closed approximant closed system closed vowel cluster co-articulation coalescence coalescent assimilation coarticulation coda coloring combinative sound change combinatory sound change combinatory variant compact compact cersus diffuse compensatory lengthening complementary complement rule Indonesia kron kronem simbol operator sirkumpleksi/lambang operator sirkumfleksi L tipis klik bunyi klik gradasi tak terhingga peralihan langsung vokoid sempit vokal sempit aproksiman sempit sistem tertutup vokal tertutup gugus koartikulasi peleburan asimilasi lebur koda tamber perubahan bunyi gabungan varian gabungan padat pemanjangan pampasan komplementer kaidah komplemen Brunei Darussalam kron kronem lambang operator sirkumfleksi/simbol operator sirkumfleksi L nipis klik bunyi klik klin peralihan langsung vokoid sempit vokal sempit nukleus erat aproksiman sempit sistem tertutup vokal tertutup gugus koartikulasi peleburan asimilasi lebur koartikulasi koda tamber perubahan bunyi gabungan perubahan bunyi gabungan varian gabungan padat padat lawan selerak pemanjangan pampasan saling melengkapi rumus komplemen Malaysia kron kronem lambang operator sirkumfleksi L nipis klik bunyi klik julat gradasi peralihan langsung vokoid sempit vokal sempit nukleus erat aproksiman sempit sistem tertutup vokal tertutup gugus/rangkap koartikulasi/artikulasi serentak peleburan asimilasi lebur artikulasi sertaan koda lihat: tambre perubahan bunyi gabungan perubahan bunyi gabungan varian gabungan lihat: allophonic variant padat padat lawan selerak pemanjangan pampasan saling melengkapi rumus komplemen Keputusan MABBIM A A A A A A B A A A D A A A A A A A D A A D A A A D A B A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.

English complementary distribution complete assimilation complex nucleus complex peak complex sound compound nucleus compound phoneme compound stress rule compressive sound concord concordance condition conditional sound change conditional variant conditioned sound change conditioned substitution of phonemes conditioned variation configurative feature consecutive transcription consonant consonant cluster consonant table/consonant chart consonantal consonantal inherent distinctive feature consonantal vowel Indonesia distribusi komplementer asimilasi sempurna inti kompleks puncak kompleks bunyi kompleks inti majemuk fonem majmuk kaedah tekanan majemuk bunyi pampat Brunei Darussalam penyebaran saling melengkapi asimilasi sempurna nukleus kompleks puncak kompleks bunyi kompleks nukleus majmuk fonem majmuk rumus tekanan majmuk bunyi mampat konkord kekonkordan syarat perubatan bunyi bersyarat varian bersyarat/kelainan bersyarat perubahan bunyi terbiasa penggantian fonem bersyarat variasi terbiasa fitur konfiguratif transkripsi berturutan konsonan gugus konsonan daftar konsonan/carta konsonan bersifat konsonan/konsonantal fitur distingtif inheren bersifat konsonan/fitur distingtif inheren konsonantal vokal bersifat Malaysia penyebaran saling melengkapi/distribusi melengkapi asimilasi sempurna nukleus kompleks puncak kompleks bunyi kompleks nukleus majmuk fonem majmuk rumus tekanan majmuk bunyi mampat sejodohan kesejodohan syarat perubatan bunyi bersyarat varian bersyarat/kelainan bersyarat perubahan bunyi bersyarat penggantian fonem bersyarat variasi bersyarat ciri konfiguratif transkripsi berturutan konsonan rangkap konsonan/gugus konsonan daftar konsonan/carta konsonan bersifat konsonan/konsonantal ciri distingtif inheren bersifat konsonan vokal bersifat Keputusan MABBIM B A B A A B A A A D D A A A A A A C A A A A A D Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 syarat perubatan bunyi bersyarat varian bersyarat perubahan penggantian fonem bersyarat varian bersyarat ciri konfiguratif transkripsi berturutan konsonan gugus konsonan bagan konsonan konsonantal vokal konsonantal A Ling-Phonology MABBIM 08 p.doc 3-Aug-04 . 10. 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.

doc 3-Aug-04 p.English Indonesia Brunei Darussalam konsonan/vokal konsonantal sempitan konteks konteks keadaan asimilasi konteks kelainan konteks/varian konteks berdampingan asimilasi damping disimilasi berdampingan bunyi berdampingan kontinuan/malaran fitur distingtif inheren malaran/fitur distingtif berlanjutan aspek berlanjutan kontoid kontur sistem nada kontur pemendekan kontras kontras dalam lingkungan analogus kontras dalam lingkungan identis berkontras ciri berkontras pasangan berkontras tekanan berkontras penggantian berkontras Malaysia konsonan/vokal konsonantal sempitan konteks konteks keadaan asimilasi konteks varian konteks/kelainan konteks berdampingan asimilasi damping disimilasi berdampingan bunyi dampingan kontinuan/bunyi malar ciri distingtif inheren malaran berlanjutan aspek berlanjutan kontoid kontur sistem nada kontur pemendekan bezaan/kontras. bertentangan kontras di dalam lingkungan analogus kontras di dalam lingkungan identis bezaan/berkontras ciri bezaan/ciri berkontras pasangan bezaan/pasangan berkontras tekanan bezaan penggantian bezaan/penggantian berkontras Keputusan MABBIM A A D A A A A A C A D D D A A A A A D D A A A A A Topic Source constricted context context of situation contextual assimilation contextual variant contiguous contiguous assimilation contiguous dissimilation contiguous sound continuant continuant inherent distinctive feature continuous continuous aspect contoid contour contour tone system contraction contrast contrast in analogous environment contrast in identical environment contrastive contrastive feature contrastive pair contrastive stress contrastive substitution sempitan konteks asimilasi kontekstual varian konteks berdampingan asimilasi damping disimilasi damping bunyi kontinuan/malaran Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 kontoid kontur sistem tona kontur/sistem nada kontur pemendekan kontras berkontras ciri berkontrastif pasangan berkontrastif tekanan kontrastif penggantian berkontrastif /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 46 . 11. berbeza.

L .berat vokal belakang hukum Darmesteter bunyi lemahan vokal belakang pelemahan artikulasi/deartikulasi kaedah gagal tingkat penyempitan pelepasan lambat fonologi dependensi fungsi pembatas delabialisasi pelepasan.tebal. pengguguran kaidah pelesapan transformasi /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 12. keserasian koronal korelasi koronal lawan bukan koronal korelasi kata penghubung korelasi fonem korelasi kesepadanan lawan peluka lawan penyuap krasis garau puncak geluncur silang kriptogram kriptograf daktilus peredaman L tebal vokal belakang hukum Darmesteter bunyi lemahan vokal belakang pelemahan artikulasi rumus gagal darjat penyempitan pelepasan lambat fonologi dependensi (fungsi) pembatas penidaklabialan/delabialisasi pengguguran rumus pengguguran transformasi Malaysia keserasian. serentak ada koronal korelasi/hubungan kait koronal lawan bukan koronal korelasi/hubung kait kata penghubung korelasi fonem korelasi kesepadanan lawan peluka lawan penyuap krasis garau puncak geluncur silang kriptogram kriptograf daktilus peredaman L tebal vokal belakang hukum Darmesteter bunyi lemahan vokal belakang pelemahan artikulasi rumus gagal darjat penyempitan pelepasan lambat fonologi dependensi fungsi pembatas penyahlabialan/delabialisasi pengguguran/pelepasan rumus pengguguran/rumus pelesapan transformasi Keputusan MABBIM D A D A D A B A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.English cooccurrence coronal correlation coronal versus noncoronal correlation correlative conjunction correlative phonemes correspondence counter bleeding counter feeding crasis creaky (voice) crest crossing glide cryptogram cryptograph dactyl damping dark L dark vowel Darmesteter’s Law debilitated sound deep vowel dearticulation default rule degree of closure delayed release dependency phonology delimitative function delabialization deletion deletion rule deletion transformation Indonesia Brunei Darussalam keserentakan.doc 3-Aug-04 . 46 koronal korelasi korelasi fonem korelatif hubungan lawan peluka lawan penyuap krasis garau puncak luncuran silang kriptogram kriptograf daktilus peredaman L .

bauran (bunyi) ciri distingtif nyaring bauran resapan. 46 bauran /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.doc 3-Aug-04 . bauran Keputusan MABBIM Topic Source demarcative (stress) demarcative function denasalization dent dental dental consonant dental sound depalatalization dental sound dependent sound change derivation descending diphthong Designated Terminal Element devoice devoicing diachronic phonology diacritic mark diagonal diagram diaphone diaphone variant diaphonic variant dieresis diffuse diffuse resonant distinctive feature diffusion A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A D A A A D A Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. penerbitan. penurunan diftong menurun Unsur Akhir Khususan awasuara pengawasuara fonologi diakronis tanda diakritik garis miring diagram diafon varian diafon varian diafon dieresis baur Brunei Darussalam pengguguran/transformasi pelesapan (tekanan) pembatas fungsi pembatas penyahsengauan/penyahnasa lan gigi gigi/dental konsonan gigi/konsonan dental bunyi gigi/bunyi dental penyahpalatalan bunyi gigi/bunyi dental perubahan bunyi berpautan terbitan/derivasi diftong menurun Unsur Akhir Khususan menidaksuarakan penidaksuaraan fonologi diakronik tanda diakritik garis condong/garis miring rajah/diagram diafon kelainan diafon/varian diafon kelainan diafon/varian diafon dieresis bauran (bunyi) fitur distingtif resonan bauran pembauran Malaysia pengguguran/transformasi pelesapan (tekanan) pembatas fungsi pembatas penyahsengauan/penyahnasa lan gigi gigi/dental konsonan gigi/konsonan dental bunyi gigi/bunyi dental penyahpalatalan bunyi gigi/bunyi dental perubahan bunyi pautan terbitan. 13. penurunan diftong menurun Unsur Akhir Khususan penyahsuaraan penidaksuaraan fonologi diakronik tanda diakritik garis condong/garis miring gambar rajah/diagram diafon kelainan diafon kelainan diafon dieresis resapan (kajian dialek).English Indonesia pengguguran/transformasi pelesapan (tekanan) pembatas fungsi pembatas denasalisasi gigi dental konsonan dental bunyi dental depalatalisasi bunyi dental perubahan bunyi bersyarat derivasi.

lingkungan.j. belakang bunyi dorsal dorsopalatal bunyi dorsopalatal dorsouvular dorsovelar bunyi dorsovelar Brunei Darussalam dwihuruf asimilasi jauh/dilasi diftong pendiftongan arah udara binaan terarah/konstruksi terarah tatacara penemuan atur penyarak disimilasi asimilasi jauh distingtif fitur distingtif penyebaran analisis penyebaran berdwisuku kata kedwisukuan dwisuku dorsal bunyi dorsal dorso-alveolar dorso-palatal bunyi dorso-palatal dorso-uvular dorso-velar bunyi dorso-velar Malaysia dwihuruf asimilasi jauh/penyesuaian jauh diftong pendiftongan arah udara binaan arah/konstruksi arah tatacara penemuan pengurutan serak disimilasi asimilasi jauh/penyesuaian jauh l.doc 3-Aug-04 p. kata disilabik dwisuku belakang/dorsal bunyi dorsal/bunyi belakang belakang gusi/dorso-alveolar belakang lelangit keras/dorsopalatal bunyi dorsopalatal/bunyi belakang lelangit keras belakang uvular/dorsouvular dorsovelar/belakang velar bunyi dorsovelar/bunyi belakang velar Keputusan MABBIM A A A A A D A A A A A A B B A A A A A C A A A A A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. penyebaran analisis taburan. analisis lingkungan (kata) dwisuku kata dwisuku. 46 .: dilation distingtif ciri distingtif taburan. digraf asimilasi jauh diftong diftongisasi/pendiftongan arah udara tata cara penemuan/prosedur penemuan pengurutan pisah disimilasi asimilasi jauh distingtif ciri distingtif distribusi analisis distribusi (ber) dwisuku kata dwisuku dwisuku dorsal.English digraph dilation diphthong diphthongization direction of air directive construction discovery procedure disjunctive ordering dissimilation distant assimilation distinctive distinctive feature distribution distributional analysis disyllabic disyllabic word disyllable dorsal dorsal sound dorso-alveolar dorso-palatal dorso-palatal sound dorso-uvular dorso-velar dorso-velar sound Indonesia dwihuruf. 14. analisis penyebaran.

English dorsum dorsum of tongue double arrow operator symbol double articulation double cross double cross operator symbol double stop double vowel doubling down glide downdrift down-step dumping duration durative dynamic accent egressive egressive click egressive click sound egressive direction of air egressive sound ejection sound ejective ejective sound electromyography element elicit (data) elicitation (data) elision emphatic stress end glide encode dorsum Indonesia Brunei Darussalam dorsum belakang lidah simbol operator dwipanah artikulasi ganda dwisilang simbol operator dwisilang dwihentian vokal ganda penggandaan (bunyi) geluncur menurun gradasi menurun gradasi menurun dumping durasi duratif tekanan dinamik egresif klik egresif bunyi klik egresif arah udara egresif bunyi egresif bunyi ejeksi ejektif bunyi ejektif elektromiografi unsur/elemen mencungkil pencungkilan (data) penghilangan bunyi tekanan penegas geluncuran akhir mengenkod Malaysia dorsum belakang lidah simbol operator dwipanah/lambang operator dwipanah artikulasi ganda dwisilang simbol operator dwisilang dwihentian vokal ganda penggandaan (bunyi) geluncuran menurun gradasi menurun gradasi menurun dumping durasi duratif tekanan dinamik egresif klik egresif bunyi klik egresif arah udara egresif bunyi egresif bunyi ejektif ejektif bunyi ejektif elektromiografi unsur/elemen mencungkil pencungkilan (data) penghilangan bunyi tekanan penegas geluncuran akhir mengekod Keputusan MABBIM A D A A B B B A A A A A A A A A A A A A A D A A A A B B A A A D Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.doc 3-Aug-04 . 46 lambang operator panah ganda/simbol operator panah ganda artikulasi ganda palang ganda lambang/simbol operator palang ganda hambat ganda vokal ganda penggandaan (bunyi) luncuran turun gradasi menurun gradasi menurun dumping durasi duratif tekanan dinamik/aksen dinamis egresif klik egresif bunyi klik egresif arah udara egresif bunyi egresif ejektif bunyi ejektif elektromiografi elemen/unsur memancing pemancing (data) penghilangan bunyi tekanan penegas geluncuran akhir /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 15.

46 lingkungan syarat lingkungan epentetis epiglotis asimilasi sempurna ekuipolen rongga laluan (udara) rongga esofagus bunyi indah. eufoni euritmi kekecualian epentesis penghembusan napas saluran keluar udara fonetik eksperimental penghembusan nafas aksen dinamis letup diletupkan letupan bunyi letupan keekstrametrisan urutan ekstrinsik varian bebas pudar menurun diftong me(turun) falseto fausal penyempitan faring ciri /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.English encoder encoding environment environment conditioning epenthetic epiglottis equalization assimilation equipollent escape cavity esophageal cavity euphony eurhythmy exception excrescent exhalation exit of air exocentric experimental phonetics expiration expiratory accent explode exploded explosion explosive sound extrametricality extrinsic ordering facultative variant fade falling falling diphthong falsetto faucal faucalization feature Indonesia Brunei Darussalam pengenkod pengekodan lingkungan syarat lingkungan epentetis (bunyi vokal) epiglotis asimilasi penyamaan ekuipolen rongga laluan (udara) rongga esofagus bunyi indah/eufoni euritmi kekecualian epentesis pelepasan nafas saluran lepas udara eksosentris fonetik percubaan penghembusan nafas tekanan dinamis meletup diletupkan letupan bunyi letupan keekstrametrikalan urutan ekstrinsik varian bebas/kelainan bebas pudar menurun diftong menurun falseto fausal fausalan ciri/fitur Malaysia pengekod pengekodan lingkungan syarat lingkungan epentetis/selitan (bunyi/vokal) epiglotis asimilasi sempurna ekuipolen rongga laluan (udara) rongga esofagus bunyi indah/eufoni euritmi kekecualian epentesis pelepasan nafas saluran lepas udara eksosentrik fonetik percubaan penghembusan nafas tekanan dinamis letup diletupkan letupan bunyi letupan keekstrametrikalan urutan ekstrinsik varian bebas/kelainan bebas pudar menurun diftong menurun falseto faukal pemfaukalan ciri/fitur Keputusan MABBIM D D A A A A A A A A A A A A A A D B A B D A A A A A A A A A A A B A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.doc 3-Aug-04 . 16.

17. 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. gerisik bunyi geseran/gerisik gerisikan hambat (ber) gerisik hambat gerisikan tak bergerisik kontinuan tak bergerisik Brunei Darussalam urutan penyuapan kajian lapangan penyelidikan lapangan akhir gugus akhir lingkungan akhir geluncur akhir jeda akhir suku kata akhir artikulasi pertama kibasan/flap artikulator datar frikatif datar/geseran datar fitur distingtif resonan datar birama/fut forman formula/rumus fortis varian bebas/kelainan bebas perubahan bebas prinsip bebas pacu kelainan bebas/varian bebas kekerapan.doc 3-Aug-04 . frekuensi geseran/frikatif bunyi geseran/bunyi frikatif gesekan geseran hentian gesek hentian menggeser tak bergesek malaran tak Keputusan MABBIM A A A A A A A A A A A A A D A A A A A A A A A A A A D A A A A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. frekuensi geseran/frikatif bunyi geseran/bunyi frikatif gesekan/penggesekan penggesekan hentian gesek hentian menggesek tak bergesek malaran tak Malaysia urutan penyuapan penyelidikan lapangan penyelidikan lapangan akhir gugus akhir/rangkap akhir lingkungan akhir geluncuran akhir jeda akhir suku kata akhir artikulasi pertama (martinet) tamparan/flap artikulator datar/alat artikulasi datar frikatif datar/geseran datar frikatif datar/geseran datar birama/fut forman rumus/formula fortis varian bebas/perubahan bebas perubahan bebas prinsip bebas pacu kelainan bebas/varian bebas kekerapan.English feeding order field study field work final final cluster final environment final glide final pause final syllable first articulation flap flat articulator flat fricative flat resonant distinctive feature foot formant formula fortis free alternant free fluctuation free ride principle free variant/free variation frequency fricative fricative sound friction frictional frictional stop fractionalizing stop frictionless frictionless continuant Indonesia urutan penyuapan kajian lapangan. penelitian lapangan penelitian lapangan akhir gugus akhir lingkungan akhir luncuran akhir jeda akhir suku (kata) akhir artikulasi pertama hempas. rumus fortis varian bebas/kelainan bebas perubahan bebas/fluktuasi bebas prinsip bebas pacu varian bebas frekuensi frikatif. flap artikulator datar frikatif datar birama/fut forman formula.

English Indonesia Brunei Darussalam bergesek/kontinuan tak bergesek depan lidah vokal depan pengedepanan beban fungsi fonetik fungsian beban fungsian ciri dasar/fitur dasar nada dasar geluncuran furtif vokal furtif/vokal pelancar peleburan konsonan panjang penggandaan fonem/geminasi fonetik am fonologi generatif perubahan bunyi Germanik gusi/alveolar geluncur glosogram/palatogram glotis hentian glotis rongga glotis hentian glotis konsonan glotis letupan glotis/plosif glotis bunyi glotis hentian glotis getaran glotis klik glotis penutupan glotis pengglotisan Malaysia bergesek/kontinuan tak bergesek depan lidah vokal depan pengedepanan beban fungsi fonetik fungsian beban fungsi ciri dasar/fitur dasar nada dasar geluncuran sayup/geluncuran furtif vokal pelancar/vokal furtif peleburan konsonan panjang/geminat pemanjangan konsonan/geminasi fonetik am fonologi generatif perubahan bunyi Germanik alveolar geluncuran palatogram glotis hamzah/hentian glotis rongga glotis lihat: glottal stop konsonan glotis letupan glotis/plosif glotis bunyi glotis hentian glotis getaran glotis klik glotis penutupan glotis pengglotisan Keputusan MABBIM Topic Source front of tongue front vowel fronting functional load functional phonetics functional yield fundamental feature fundamental tone furtive glide furtive vowel fusion geminate gemination general phonetics generative phonology Germanic sound shift gingival glide glossogram glottal glottal catch glottal cavity glottal check glottal consonant glottal plosive glottal sound glottal stop glottal trill glottalic click glottalic closure glottalization depan lidah vokal depan pengedepanan beban fungsi fonetik fungsional beban fungsi ciri dasar nada dasar luncuran sayup vokal pelancar peleburan konsonan kembar/geminat geminasi fonetik umum fonologi generatif perubahan bunyi Germanik alveolar luncuran palatogram glotal hambat glotal rongga kerongkongan/rongga glotal hambat glotal konsonan glotal bunyi letup glotal bunyi glotal (bunyi) hambat glotal bunyi getar glotal klik glotis penutupan glotis glotalisasi A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.doc 3-Aug-04 . 18. 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.

English glottalized glottalized sound glottalized vowel glottalization glottis gradation gradation of vowel graded area grading graph grapheme graphemics graphetics graphic sign graphics graphology graphonomy Grassmann’s law grave Greek alphabet grid grid clash gradual apposition Grimm’s law groove spirant grooved articulator grooved fricative group guttural guttural sound half-close vowel Indonesia diglotalisasi bunyi diglotalisasi vokal diglotalisasi pengglotalan glotis gradasi gradasi vokal pemeringkatan graf grafem grafemik grafetik tanda grafik grafik grafologi grafonomi hukum Grassmann tak tirus alfabet Yunani grid tembung grid aposisi gradual hukum Grimm spiran alur artikulator beralur frikatif beralur Brunei Darussalam diglotiskan bunyi diglotiskan vokal diglotiskan pengglotisan glotis pemeringkatan/gradasi pemeringkatan vokal/gradasi vokal kawasan berperingkat pemeringkatan graf grafem grafemik grafetik tanda grafik grafik grafologi grafonomi hukum Grassmann grava/tak tirus abjad Yunani grid tembung grid aposisi gradual hukum Grimm spiran alur artikulator beralur geseran beralur/frikatif beralur kelompok gutural bunyi gutural vokal separuh sempit Malaysia berhamzah/berhentian glotis bunyi berhentian glotis vokal berhentian glotis glotalisasi. 46 gutural bunyi gutural vokal setengah tertutup /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 19. gugus gutural bunyi gutural vokal separuh sempit Keputusan MABBIM B A A D A A A D A A A A A A A A A A D A A A A A A A A D A A B Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.doc 3-Aug-04 . pengglotisan glotis pemeringkatan/gradasi pemeringkatan vokal/gradasi vokal kawasan berperingkat pemeringkatan graf grafem grafemik grafetik tanda grafik grafik grafologi grafonomi hukum Grassmann grava/tak tirus abjad Yunani grid tembung grid pertentangan gradual/aposisi gradual hukum Grimm spiran beralur alat artikulasi beralur/artikulator beralur geseran beralur/frikatif beralur kelompok (kata/bahasa).

doc 3-Aug-04 . 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 20. palatum harmonik nada atasan harmonik harmoni akhir utama suku kata berat awal utama pendengaran tekanan keras tinggi lidah bentuk tegun/bentuk ragu heterograf heterografi afrikat heterorganik heterorgan hiatus hierarki aksara hieratik tinggi perubahan bunyi Jerman Selatan vokoid tinggi vokal tinggi tinggi (me) turun rendah tinggi sedang tinggi rumpang pola afrikat homorganik bunyi homorgan jika maka iambus Brunei Darussalam vokal separuh luas haplografi haplologi lelangit keras/palatum berharmoni/harmonik nada tinggi harmonik harmoni. keserasian akhir utama suku kata berat awal utama pendengaran tekanan keras tinggi lidah bentuk ragu heterograf heterografi letusan heteroorgan/afrikat heterorgan hiatus tatatingkat/hierarki aksara hieratik tinggi perubahan bunyi Jerman Selatan vokoid tinggi vokal tinggi tinggi-menurun rendah tinggi sederhana tinggi rumpang pola letusan hormogan/afrikat homorgan bunyi homorgan jika maka iambus Malaysia vokal separuh luas haplografi haplologi lelangit keras/palatum berharmoni nada atasan harmonik harmoni.English half-open vowel haplography haplology hard palate harmonic harmonic overtone harmony head final heavy syllable head initial hearing heavy stress height of tongue hesitation form heterograph heterography heterorganic affricate hiatus hierarchy hieratic script high High German sound shift high vocoid high vowel high-falling higher-low higher-mid hole in the pattern homorganic affricate homorganic sound if then iamb Indonesia vokal setengah terbuka haplografi haplologi langit-langit keras. keserasian akhir utama suku kata berat awal utama pendengaran tekanan keras tinggi lidah bentuk ragu heterograf heterografi afrikat heterorgan/letusan heterorgan hiatus tatatingkat/hierarki aksara hieratik tinggi perubahan bunyi Jerman Selatan vokoid tinggi vokal tinggi tinggi-menurun rendah tinggi sederhana tinggi/agak tinggi rumpang pola letusan homogan/afrikat homorgan/letusan sealat/afrikat sealat bunyi homorgan/bunyi sealat jika maka iambus Keputusan MABBIM B A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.

doc 3-Aug-04 p.English ictus identical environment ideogram ideograph ideography idiophone implosion implosive impressionistic transcription incomplete plosive consonant incontiguous assimilation individual variant ingressive ingressive air stream inhalation inherent distinctive feature initial initial cluster initial environment initial mutation initial stress initial string initiator initiator of air stream innate stress inspiration instantaneous release instrumental phonetics Indonesia iktus lingkungan sama ideogram ideografi ideografi idiofon hirupan implosif transkripsi impresionistik/transkripsi sepintas konsonan letup tak sempurna/konsonan plosif tak sempurna asimilasi jauh kelainan individu ingresif ingresif arus ingresif penarikan napas fitur distingtif inheren awal gugus awal lingkungan awal mutasi awal tekanan awal untaian awal inisiator inisiator arus udara penarikan napas pelepasan segera fonetik instrumental Brunei Darussalam iktus lingkungan identis/lingkungan sama ideogram ideograf ideografi idiofon sedutan implosif transkripsi sepintas konsonan plosif tak sempurna asimilasi jauh kelainan individu/varian individu ingresif arus udara ingresif penarikan nafas fitur distingtif inheren/ciri distingtif hakiki awal gugus awal lingkungan awal mutasi awal tekanan awal rentetan awal pemula/initiator pemula arus udara tekanan nurani penarikan nafas pelepasan segera fonetik instrumental Malaysia iktus lingkungan seiras/lingkungan sama ideogram ideograf ideografi idiofon sedutan implosif transkripsi sepintas konsonan plosif tak sempurna asimilasi tak damping varian bebas/kelainan bebas ingresif arus udara ingresif penarikan nafas ciri distingtif hakiki/fitur distingtif hakiki awal rangkap awal/gugus awal lingkungan awal mutasi awal tekanan awal rentetan awal pemula/initiator pemula arus udara tekanan sejati penarikan nafas pelepasan segera fonetik perantian/fonetik instrumental Keputusan MABBIM A A A A A A A A A B B A A A A A A A A A A A A A D A A A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 21. 46 .

antardental bunyi antargigi/bunyi antardental interlud vokal antara. antardental bunyi antargigi interlud vokal antara perubahan dalam hiatusdalam fleksi dalam saktah buka dalam/jungtur buka dalam abjad fonetik antarabangsa antara vokal selaan intonasi jeda intonasi kontur intonasi forman intonasi ciri dalam linguistik/fitur dalam linguistik lihat: ablaut jengulan R jengul/R-intrusif perbendaharaan kata/kosa kata/inventori (bunyi) isokronisme perubahan bunyi pencilan/ isofon saktah/jungtur asimilasi damping(an) Keputusan MABBIM A A A A A A A A A D A B A D A A A A A A D A A A A A A A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. selonongan R-intrusif khasanah (bunyi) isokronisme perubahan bunyi isolatif isofon jeda.doc 3-Aug-04 p. vokal sentral perubahan internal/perubahan dalam hiatus internal/hiatus dalam jeda terbuka internal/jungtur terbuka internal abjad fonetik internasional antarvokal intonasi jeda intonasi kontur intonasi forman intonasi ciri intralinguistik ablaut intrusi. jungtur asimilasi damping Brunei Darussalam tekanan intensiti/aksen intensiti representasi intensiti antara konsonan antara gigi bunyi antara gigi interlud vokal antara perubahan dalam hiatusdalam infleksi dalam jungtur terbuka dalam/sakah terbuka dalam abjad fonetik antarabangsa antarvokal terganggu intonasi jeda intonasi kontur intonasi forman intonasi fitur intralinguistik/ciri intralinguistik introfleksi/ablaut intrusi R intrusif/R-jengul inventori isokronisme perubahan bunyi isolatif isofon jungtur asimilasi damping(an) Malaysia lihat: dynamic accent tekanan/aksen intensiti representasi intensiti antara konsonan antara gigi.English intensity accent intensity representation interconsonantal interdental interdental phone interlude intermediate vowel internal change internal hiatus internal inflection internal open juncture international phonetic alphabet intervocalic interrupted intonation intonation break intonation contour intonation formant intralinguistic feature introflexion intrusion intrusive R inventory isochronism isolative sound change isophone juncture juxtaposition(al) assimilation Indonesia aksen dinamis/tekanan intensitas representasi intensitas antarkonsonan antargigi. 22. 46 .

bibir bunyi labial. bunyi bibir labialisasi labiodental bunyi labiodental labiolabial labiovelar fonetik laboratoris lag laminal bunyi laminal bunyi laminodental jenis konsonan kenetik kimograf penyurihan kimograf bibir bibir/labial bunyi bibir. 46 jenis konsonan kinetik kimograf penyurihan kimograf bibir labial. bunyi labial pembibiran/labialisasi bibir gigi/labiodental bunyi bibir gigi/bunyi labiodental dua bibir/labiolabial labiovelar fonetik makmal lag lambda laminal bunyi laminal bunyi laminodental bahasa makmal bahasa laringal mekanisme udara laringal konsonan laringal bunyi laringal pelaringalan vokal laringalan laringoskop laring penyurihan laring sisian/lateral ruang sisian/ruang lateral konsonan sisian laringal mekanisme udara laringal konsonan laringal bunyi laringal laringalisasi vokal laringalan laringoskop laring penyurihan laring lateral daerah lateral konsonan lateral /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. bunyi bibir pembibiran/labialisasi bibir gigi/labiodental bunyi bibir gigi/bunyi labiodental dua bibir/labiolabial labiovelar fonetik makmal lihat: progressive assimilation lambda laminal bunyi laminal bunyi laminodental bahasa makmal bahasa laringal mekanisme udara laringal konsonan laringal bunyi laringal pelaringalan/laringalisasi vokal laringalan laringoskop larinks penyurihan larinks sisian/lateral ruang sisian/ruang lateral konsonan sisian/konsonan Keputusan MABBIM D D A A A A A A A A A A A A A D A A A D D A A A A A A A A A A A A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 23.English juxtaposition assimilation kind kinetic consonant kymograph kymographic tracing labia labial labial sound labialisation labiodental labiodental sound labiolabial labiovelar laboratory phonetics lag lambda laminal laminal sound laminodental sound language language laboratory laryngeal laryngeal air mechanism laryngeal consonant laryngeal sound laryngealization laryngealized vowel laryngoscope larynx larynx tracing lateral lateral area lateral consonant Indonesia Brunei Darussalam asimilasi berjajaran Malaysia asimilasi dampingan jenis konsonan kinetik kimograf penyurihan kimograf bibir bibir/labial bunyi labial.doc 3-Aug-04 .

46 kekenduran panjang (bunyi) pemanjangan lenis pelenisan metod/kaedah fonetik huruf datar. perangkai lemah lemah suku kata ringan fonem segmental urutan linear representasi linear linguagram /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. tataran sistem nada datar fonologi leksikal tekanan leksikal nada leksikal leksis liaison ligatur.English Indonesia Brunei Darussalam Malaysia lateral letupan sisian/plosif sisian pelepasan sisian/pelepasan lateral kenyaringan sisian/resonan lateral bunyi sisian/bunyi lateral hukum (dalam bahasa) kendur ciri distingtif nyaring kendur/fitur distingtif nyaring kendur kekenduran kepanjangan (bunyi) ciri distingtif prosodi pemanjangan lenis pelenisan kaedah fonetik huruf datar. datar sistem nada datar fonologi leksikal tekanan leksikal nada leksikal leksis liaison perangkai/ligatur lemah suku kata ringan fonem penggalan/fonem segmental urutan linear representasi mendatar/representasi linear linguagram Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. tingkat sistem nada datar fonologi leksikal tekanan leksikal nada leksikal leksis liaison perangkai/ligatur lemah suku kata ringan fonem penggalan/fonem segmental urutan linear gambar mendatar/representasi linear linguagram Keputusan MABBIM A A A A A A D A A D A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A Topic Source lateral plosion lateral release lateral resonant lateral sound law (in linguistics) lax lax resonant distinctive feature laxity length (sound) length prosodic distinctive feature lengthening lenis lenition letter phonetic method level level-tone system lexical phonology lexical stress lexical tone lexis liaison ligature light light syllable linear phoneme linear ordering linear representation linguagram letupan lateral pelepasan lateral resonan lateral bunyi lateral hukum kendur letupan sisian/plosif sisian pelepasan sisian/pelepasan lateral resonan sisian bunyi sisian/bunyi lateral hukum (dalam bahasa) kendur fitur distingtif resonan kendur kekenduran kepanjangan (bunyi) fitur distintif kepanjangan prosodi pemanjangan lenis pelenisan kaedah fonetik huruf tingkat. 24.doc 3-Aug-04 .

English lingual sound linguist linguistic linguistic analysis linguistic circle linguistic discipline linguistic science linguistician linguistics linking r lip lip formation lip position lip rounding lip spreading lip tracing liquid liquid consonant local friction long consonant long vowel loudness low low vocoid low vowel lowering lung air macrolinguistics macron major air stream mechanism Indonesia bunyi lidah Brunei Darussalam bunyi lidah ahli bahasa/ahli linguistik linguistik. kebahasaan analisis kebahasaan kalangan ahli bahasas/kalangan ahli linguistik disiplin linguistik sains linguistik ahli linguistik linguistik r penghubung bibir pembentukan bibir kedudukan bibir pembundaran bibir penghamparan bibir penyurihan bibir likuida konsonan likuida gesekan tempatan konsonan panjang vokal panjang kelantangan rendah vokoid rendah vokal rendah penurunan udara paru-paru makrolinguistik makron mekanisme arus udara utama Malaysia bunyi lidah ahli bahasa/ahli linguistik linguistik. kedudukan bibir pembundaran bibir penghamparan bibir penyurihan bibir likuida konsonan likuida gerisikan lokal/gerisikan setempat konsonan panjang vokal panjang kekerasan rendah vokoid rendah vokal rendah penurunan udara paru-paru makron mekanisme arus udara utama /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 46 r penghubung bibir pembentukan bibir posisi bibir. kebahasaan analisis linguistik.doc 3-Aug-04 . analisis kebahasaan kalangan ahli bahasa/kalangan ahli linguistik disiplin linguistik sains linguistik lihat: linguist linguistik r penghubung bibir pembentukan bibir kedudukan bibir pembundaran bibir penghamparan bibir penyurihan bibir likuida konsonan likuida gesekan tempatan konsonan panjang/konsonan sabdu vokal panjang kelantangan rendah vokoid rendah vokal rendah penurunan udara paru-paru makrolinguistik makron mekanisme arus udara utama Keputusan MABBIM A D D D D D D D D A A A A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A D A A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 25.

English manner of articulation margin margin of security marginal sound mark of correlation marked marker maximal stress meaning mediae medial medial cluster medial environment median median resonant medio of tongue mediopalatal mediovelar medium vowel mellow mellow inherent distinctive feature merge (r) metaphone metaphony metathesis microlinguistics mid vocoid mid vowel middle of tongue minimal contrast minimal pair minimal stress Indonesia cara artikulasi pinggir batas variasi (alofon) bunyi pinggir(an) tanda korelasi bermarkah/bertanda pemarkah tekanan maksimum hambat bersuara tengah gugus tengah lingkungan tengah tengahan bunyi nyaring tengah/bunyi resonan tengah tengah lidah mediopalatal mediovelar lembut peleburan Brunei Darussalam cara artikulasi pinggir batas variasi (alofon) bunyi pinggiran tanda korelasi bertanda penanda tekanan maksimum makna hentian bersuara tengah gugus tengah lingkungan tengah tengahan resonan tengah tengah lidah mediopalatal mediovelar vokal antara lembut fitur distingtif inheren lembut peleburan metafon metafoni metatesis mikrolinguistik vokoid tengah vokal tengah tengah lidah kontras minimum pasangan minimum tekanan minimum Malaysia cara artikulasi jidar/pinggir batas variasi (alofon) bunyi pinggiran tanda hubung kait/tanda korelasi bertanda penanda tekanan maksimum makna hentian bersuara tengah rangkap tengah/gugus tengah lingkungan tengah tengahan bunyi nyaring tengah tengah lidah mediopalatal mediovelar lihat: intermediate vowel lembut ciri distingtif hakiki peleburan metafon metafoni metatesis mikrolinguistik vokoid tengah vokal tengah tengah lidah bezaan minimal pasangan minimal tekanan terlemah/tekanan Keputusan MABBIM A A C A A A B A D A A A A A A D A A C A D A Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.doc 3-Aug-04 . 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 26.

27. 46 .English Indonesia Brunei Darussalam Malaysia minimal tigaan minimal ganguan minimum mekanisme arus udara minor cara artikulasi modifikasi penerang menerangkan modulasi fungsi monitor konsonan monolateral monoftong pemonoftongan monosistemik lwn. polysystemic monotone monotonous voice mora morpheme boundary morphophoneme morphophonemic transcription morphophonemics morphophonology mother tongue motor phonetics mouth air mouth cavity mouth tracing movable speech organ movable stress /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.doc 3-Aug-04 ketigaan minimum gangguan minimum mekanisme arus udara minor modus artikulasi modifikasi penerang menerangkan modulasi fungsi monitor konsonan ekasisian/konsonan monolateral ekaftong/monoftong pengkaftongan ekasistemik lwn. polisistemik senada suara senada mora/mad batas morfem morfofonem transkripsi morfofonemik morfofononemika lihat: articulatory phonetics bahasa ibunda lihat: articulatory phonetics udara mulut rongga mulut surihan mulut lihat: articulator tekanan pindah Keputusan MABBIM Topic Source minimal triplet minimum obstruction minor air stream mechanism mode of articulation modification modifier modify modulation monitor function monolateral consonant monophthong monophthongization monosystemic vs. jamak sistemik/monosistemik lwn. polisistemik ekanada suara berekanada mora/mad sempadan morfem morfofonem transkripsi morfofonemis morfofonemik morfofonologi bahasa ibunda fonetik motor udara mulut rongga mulut pengesanan mulut organ ujaran boleh gerak tekanan boleh gerak Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.

oral nasalization nasalization symbol Indonesia Brunei Darussalam fonologi pelbagai dimensi fitur pelbagai segmen vokal bisik mutasi senyap saling melengkapi saling menyingkiri lingkungan saling menyingkiri diftong sempit transkripsi sempit vokal sempit sengau/nasal saluran keluar udara dari hidung dan mulut rongga hidung saluran keluar udara dari hidung faring hidung letupan hidung pelepasan hidung resonan sengau fitur distingtif resonan sengau bunyi sengau/bunyi nasal telor sengau vokal sengau/vokal nasal nasal lwn.: nose cavity saluran udara keluar dari hidung farinks sengau/farinks nasal plosif sengau pelepasan sengau/pelepasan nasal bunyi nyaring sengau/bunyi nyaring nasal ciri distingtif nyaring sengau bunyi sengau telor sengau/bunyi nasal vokal sengau/vokal nasal nasal lwn. 28. lingkungan saling-mengasingi diftong sempit transkripsi halus vokal sempit sengau/hidung/nasal saluran keluar udara dari hidung dan mulut rongga hidung l. oral penyengauan/penasalan lambang penyengauan/lambang Malaysia fonologi pelbagai dimensi lihat: suprasegmental lihat: central vowel lihat: ablaut senyap saling melengkapi saling menyingkiri lingkungan salingmenyingkiri.j.doc 3-Aug-04 p.English multidimensional phonology multisegmental feature murmur vowel mutation mute mutually complementary mutually exclusive mutually exclusive environment narrow diphthong narrow transcription narrow vowel nasal nasal and oral exit of air nasal cavity nasal exit of air nasal pharynx nasal plosion nasal release nasal resonant nasal resonant distinctive feature nasal sound nasal twang nasal vowel nasal vs. oral penyengauan/penasalan lambang penyengauan/lambang Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 46 .

English Indonesia Brunei Darussalam penasalan/simbol penyengauan/simbol penasalan disengaukan/dinasalkan klik disengaukan/klik dinasalkan hentian disengaukan/hentian dinasalkan vokal disengaukan/vokal dinasalkan kesengauan/kenasalan hentian lepasan hidung bahasa alamiah alam neogramarian vokal neutral peneutralan peneutralan opposisi kebisingan tatanama bukan bersifat konsonan asimilasi bukan berdamping dismilasi bukan berdamping bukan nalaran/bukan kontinuan kelainan tak berkontras/varian tak berkontras bukan koronal bukan distingtif fitur bukan distingtif pasangan meragukan tak berubah Malaysia penasalan/simbol penyengauan/simbol penasalan disengaukan/dinasalkan klik disengauan/klik nasalan hentian sengauan/hentian nasalan vokal sengaukan/vokal nasal kesengauan/kenasalan hentian lepasan hidung bahas tabii tabiat. alam sifat lihat: Junggrammatiker vokal neutral peneutralan peneutralan bezaan bising tatanama bersifat bukan konsonan asimilasi jauh dismilasi jauh bukan malaran kelainan tak berkontras bukan koronal bukan distingtif ciri bukan distingtif pasangan ragu malar Keputusan MABBIM Topic Source nasalized nasalized click nasalized stop nasalized vowel nasality nasally released stop natural language nature neo-grammarians neutral vowel neutralization neutralization of opposition noise nomenclature non-consonantal non-contiguous assimilation non-contiguous dissimilation non-continuant non-contrastive variant non-coronal non-distinctive non-distinctive feature non-fluctuating suspicious pair /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.doc 3-Aug-04 Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 46 . 29.

doc 3-Aug-04 . 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.English non-functional variation non-significant non-syllabic segment non-syllabic vocoid phonematics phoneme phoneme-grapheme correspondence phonemic phonemic alphabet phonemic analysis phonemic change phonemic contrast phonemic functional load phonemic juncture phonemic load phonemic loan phonemic norm phonemic notation phonemic principle phonemic reference phonemic stress phonemic structure phonemic syllable phonemic symbol phonemic system phonemic transcription phonemic variant phonemicist phonemics phonestheme phonetic phonetic alphabet phonetic analysis Indonesia Brunei Darussalam variasi tak berfungsi tak signifikan segmen tak bersuku vokoid tak bersuku fonematik fonem kesepadanan fonem-grafem fonemis abjad fonemis analisis fonemis perubahan fonemis kontras fonemis beban fungsi fonemis jungtur fonemis beban fonemis pinjaman fonemis norma fonemis notasi fonemis prinsip fonemis rujukan fonemis tekanan fonemis struktur fonemis suku kata fonemis lambang fonemik/simbol fonemik sistem fonemik transkripsi fonemis kelainan fonemis/varian fonemis ahli fonemik fonemik fonestema fonetis abjad fonetis analisis fonetis Malaysia lihat: free variation lihat: non-distinctive segmen bukan sukuan vokoid bukan sukuan fonematik fonem kesepadanan fonem-grafem fonemik abjad fonemik analisis fonemik perubahan fonemik perbezaan fonemik beban fungsi fonemik saktah fonemik beban fonemik pinjaman fonemik norma fonemik lihat: phonemic transcription prinsip fonemik rujukan fonemik tekanan fonemik struktur fonemik suku kata fonemik lambang fonemik/simbol fonemik sistem fonemik transkripsi fonemik kelainan fonemik ahli fonemik fonemik fonestema fonetik abjad fonetik carta fonetik Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 30.

46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. morphophonology fonogram fonograf analisis fonologi perubahan fonologi komponen fonologi butir fonologi Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 31.doc 3-Aug-04 .j.English phonetic chart phonetic complement phonetic context phonetic digraph phonetic empathy phonetic indicator phonetic juncture phonetic law phonetic method phonetic notation phonetic shape phonetic sign phonetic similarity phonetic sound change phonetic spelling phonetic syllable phonetic symbol phonetic symmetry phonetic theory phonetic transcription phonetic variant phonetician phonetics phonic phonic substance phono-morphology phonogram phonograph phonological analysis phonological change phonological component phonological item Indonesia Brunei Darussalam carta fonetis pelengkap fonetis konteks fonetik dwihuruf fonetis empati fonetis penunjuk fonetis jungtur fonetis hukum fonetis kaedah fonetis notasi fonetis bentuk fonetis isyarat fonetis kesamaan fonetis perubahan bunyi fonetis ejaan fonetis suku kata fonetis lambang fonetis/simbol fonetik kesetangkupan fonetis/kesimetrisan fonetis teori fonetis transkripsi fonetis kelainan fonetik/varian fonetis ahli fonetik fonetik fonis jisim fonis fonomorfologi fonogram fonograf analisis fonologis perubahan fonologis komponen fonologis butir fonologis Malaysia carta fonetik lihat: phonetic indicator konteks fonetik dwihuruf fonetik empati bunyi penanda bunyi satah fonetik hukum fonetis kaedah fonetik lihat: phonetic transcription bentuk fonetik tanda bunyi kesamaan fonetik perubahan bunyi ejaan fonetik suku kata fonetik lambang fonetik/simbol fonetik keseimbangan fonetik teori fonetik transkripsi fonetik kelainan fonetik ahli fonetika ilmu fonetik fonik jisim bunyi fonomorfologi l.

doc 3-Aug-04 .English phonological process phonologist phonology phonomechanics phonometrics phonostylistics phonotactics physical phonetics physiological phonetics pictogram pictograph pictography pitch pitch accent pitch level place of articulation plain resonant distinctive feature plosion plosive plosive sound plosive sound plurisegmental feature point of articulation polyphony polysystematic phonology position position of articulation position of tongue positional variant positive degree post of tongue Indonesia Brunei Darussalam proses fonologis ahli fonologi fonologi fonomekanik fonometrik fonostilistik fonotaktik fonetik fizikal fonetik fosiologis piktogram piktograf piktografi nada tekanan nada/aksen nada tingkat nada daerah artikulasi fitur distingtif resonan biasa letupan plosif bunyi plosif bunyi plosif fitur kepelbagaian segmen titik artikulasi polifoni fonologi polisistematis kedudukan kedudukan artikulasi kedudukan lidah varian lingkung darjah positif belakang lidah Malaysia proses fonologi ahli fonologi fonologi fonomekanik fonometrik fonostilistik fonotaktik fonetik fizikal fonetik fosiologis l.j. 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 32. articulatory piktogram piktograf piktografi nada aksen nada tingkat nada daerah artikulasi ciri distingtif resonan biasa letupan/plosif letupan/plosif bunyi letupan/bunyi plosif bunyi letupan/bunyi plosif ciri kepelbagaian segmen titik artikulasi polifoni fonologi polisistematik kedudukan/posisi lingkungan kedudukan artikulasi kedudukan lidah kelainan lingkungan/kelainan posisi darjah positif belakang lidah Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.

33.English post-alveolar post-dental post-palatal post-position post-velar post-vocalic postalveolar postulate postvocalic prae of tongue prenasalization prepalatal prepalatal sound pressure stop prevelar prevocalic primary primary articulation primary articulator primary intonation contour primary stress procedure process progressive assimilation progressive contraction progressive dissimilation prominence pronunciation prosiopesis prosodeme Indonesia Brunei Darussalam gusi belakang/alveolar belakang gigi belakang lelangit keras belakang/palatal belakang kedudukan belakang velar belakang/lelangit lembut belakang lepas vokalis postalveolar postulat postvokalis depan lidah prapenyengauan/prepemasal an pralelangit keras/prapalatal bunyi lelangit keras/bunyi prapalatal hentian tekanan pravelar provokalis primer artikulasi primer artikulator primer kontur intonasi primer tekanan primer tatacara/prosedur proses asimilasi progresif pemendekan progresif disimilasi progresif kelantangan sebutan/penyebutan prosispesis prosodem Malaysia belakang gusi/belakang alveolar belakang gigi belakang lelangit keras/palatal belakang kata budi belakang lelangit lembut/belakang velar lepas vokal postalveolar postulat lepasvokal depan lidah prapenyengauan pralelangit keras/prapalatal bunyi lelangit keras/bunyi prapalatal lihat: stop pravelar provokal primer artikulasi primer alat artikulasi primer kontur intonasi primer tekanan primer tatacara/prosedur proses asimilasi progresif pemendekan progresif disimilasi progresif kelantangan sebutan/penyebutan prosispesis prosodem Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.doc 3-Aug-04 .

doc 3-Aug-04 . 34. rumus Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. penyempitan (makna) rumus penyingkatan.English prosodic distinctive feature prosodic feature prosodic mark prosodic phoneme prosodic phonology prosodic sign prosody prosthesis prothesis pulmonic air mechanism pulmonic click pure vowel quality quantitative ablaut quantity question radical radix of tongue raising rather height rather low realization received pronunciation recessive stress reciprocal reciprocal assimilation reciprocal dissimilation reciprocity recording reduction reduction rule Indonesia Brunei Darussalam fitur distingtif prosidis fitur prosidis tanda prosodis fonem prosodis fonologi prosodis isyarat prosodis prosodi prostesis protesis mekanisme udara pulmonis klik pulmonis vokal tulen kualiti ablaut kuantitatif kuantiti pertanyaan radikal pangkat lidah peninggian agak tinggi agak rendah pewujudan/realisasi sebutan diakui/penyebutan diakui tekanan pangkat timbal-balik asimilasi timbal balik disimilasi timbal balik ketimbalbalikan rakaman penyingkatan rumus penyingkatan Malaysia ciri distingtif prosodi ciri prosodi tanda prosidi fonem prosodi fonologi prosodi lihat: prosodic mark prosodi lihat: prothesis protesis mekanisme udara pulmonik klik pulmonik vokal tulen kulaiti ablaut kuantitatif kuantiti tanya akar lihat: root of tongue peninggian separuh tinggi separuh rendah pewujudan lafaz terima tekanan pangkat menyaling/timbal-balik asimilasi menyaling/asimilasi timbal balik disimilasi timbal balik kesalingan/ketimbalbalikan rakaman penyingkatan.

bunyi nyaring ciri distingtif nyaring bunyi nyaring penyalun pertentangan terbatas bentuk hasilan gelungan konsonan gelungan bunyi gelungan vokal gelungan penggelungan assimilasi retrogresif disimilasi retrogresif rotasisme rima irama kumpulan irama Keputusan MABBIM Topic Source redundancy redundant register tone system regressive assimilation regressive contraction regressive dissimilation regularity regularity of sound change release release plosive released-P replacement rule representation resonance resonance chamber resonant resonant distinctive feature resonant sound resonator restricted opposition resultant form retroflex retroflexed consonant retroflexed sound retroflexed vowel retroflexion retrogressive assimilation retrogressive dissimilation rhotacism rhyme rhythm rhythm group /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 35.doc 3-Aug-04 kelewahan lewah sistem tona laras asimilasi regresif pemendekan regresif disimilasi regresif keteraturan keteraturan perubahan bunyi pelepasan.English Indonesia Brunei Darussalam Malaysia penyempitan (makna) kelewahan lewah sistem nada register asimilasi regresif pengecutan regresif disimilasi regresif kenalaran kenalaran perubahan bunyi pelepasan letupan lepas/plosif lepas P-lepas rumus ganti pengwujudan kenyaringan rongga kenyaringan nyaring. 46 . melepaskan letupan lepas/plosif lepas P-lepas rumus penggantian representasi resonansi rongga resonansi resonan fitur distingtif resonan bunyi resonan resonator oposisi terbatas bentuk hasilan gelungan/retrofleks konsonan digelungkan bunyi digelungkan vokal digelungkan penggelungan assimilasi retrogresif disimilasi retrogresif rotasisme rima ritma kumpulan ritma Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.

non-rounded rounding rule sandhi second articulation second sound shift secondary secondary articulation secondary articulator secondary feature secondary phoneme secondary stress segment diagram segment of utterance segmental analysis segmental phoneme segmental phonology Indonesia Brunei Darussalam nukleus beritma menaik diftong menaik jungtur menaik naik-turun bergulung bergulung akar akar lidah dibundarkan bibir dibundarkan (vokal) pembentukan bibir dibundarkan vokoid dibundarkan vokal dibundarkan bundar lwn. 36.English rhythmic nucleus rising rising diphthong rising juncture rising-rising rolled rolled consonant root root of tongue rounded rounded lip (vowels) rounded lip formation rounded vocoid rounded vowel rounded vs. tak bundar bundar lwn. tak bundar pembundaran rumus sandhi artikulasi kedua peralihan bunyi kedua sekunder artikulasi sekunder artikulator sekunder fitur sekunder fonem sekunder tekanan sekunder diagram segmen/digram penggalan penggalan ujaran analisis penggalan fonem penggalan fonologi penggalan Malaysia inti irama menaik diftong menaik saktah menaik turun naik bergulung konsonan bergolong/konsonan bergetar akar pangkal lidah dibundarkan bibir dibundarkan (vokal) pembentukan bibir bundar vokoid bundar bundar lwn.doc 3-Aug-04 . 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. tak bundar pembundaran rumus sandhi artikulasi kedua perubahan bunyi peringkat kedua sekunder artikulasi sekunder artikulator sekunder ciri sekunder fonem sekunder tekanan sekunder gambar rajah penggalan penggalan ujaran analisis penggalan fonem penggalan fonologi penggalan Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.

46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.English segmentation segmentator selection restriction semi-consonant semi-vowel semivocal semivocalic sequence sequence of phoneme sequencing series sharp resonant distinctive feature shortening sibilant side chamber silence silent similar environment similitude simple vowel simultaneous distinctive feature single phoneme sinusoidal wave form slit fricative slur soft soft consonant soft palate soft sign softening sonagraph sonant sonogram Indonesia Brunei Darussalam pemenggalan/segmentasi pemenggal pembatasan pilihan separuh konsonan separuh vokal separuh vokal separuh vokal urutan urutan fonem penderetan siri fitur distingtif resonan tajam pemendekan bunyi desis/sibilan ruang samping kesenyapan senyap lingkungan sama similitud vokal jati fitur distingtif serentak fonem tunggal gelombang sinusoid frikatif celah slur lembut konsonan lembut lelangit lembut tanda lembut pelembutan sonagraf sonan sonogram Malaysia pemenggalan pemenggal pembatasan pilihan separuh konsonan separuh vokal separuh vokal separuh vokal urutan/jujukan urutan fonem/jujukan fonem penderetan/penjujukan siri ciri distingtif nyaring tajam pemendekan bunyi desis/sibilan ruang samping kesenyapan senyap lingkungan sama similitud vokal jati ciri distingtif serentak fonem tunggal gelombong sinusoid geseran selit/frikatif selit pelah lembut konsonan lembut lelangit lembut/palatum lembut tanda lembut pelembutan sonagraf sonan lihat: spectogram Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 37.doc 3-Aug-04 .

46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. bukan sonoran (obstruen) kesonoranan nyaring bunyi perubahan bunyi perubahan bunyi oleh alofon perubahan bunyi oleh fonem criteria kriteria penggolongan bunyi/kriteria klasifikasi bunyi bunyi kompleks hukum bunyi peralihan bunyi sumber bunyi spektograf bunyi perkaitan lambang bunyi perlambangan bunyi sistem bunyi nilai bunyi gelombang bunyi sumber analisis spektral spektrogram spektrograf spektrum ujaran lakuan ujaran alat ujaran/alat artikulasi persepsi ujaran pengucapan ujaran pengenalan ujaran Malaysia sonoran sonoran lwn.English sonorant sonorant vs. nonsonorant (obstruent) sonority sonorous sound sound change sound change by allophones sound change by phonemes sound classification sound complex sound law sound shift sound source sound spectrograph sound symbol association sound symbolism sound system sound value sound wave source spectral analysis spectrogram spectrograph spectrum speech speech act speech organ speech perception speech production speech recognition Indonesia Brunei Darussalam sonoran sonoran lwn.doc 3-Aug-04 . 38. bukan sonoran (obstruen) kesonoran nyaring bunyi perubahan bunyi perubahan bunyi alofonik perubahan bunyi fonemik kriteria penggolongan bunyi/kriteria klasifikasi bunyi bunyi kompleks hukum bunyi perubahan bunyi sumber bunyi spektrograf bunyi perkaitan lambang bunyi perlambangan bunyi sistem bunyi nilai bunyi gelombong bunyi sumber analisis spektral spektrogram spektrograf spektrum pertuturan lakuan bahasa alat ujaran/alat artikulasi persepsi ujaran pengwujudan bahasa pengenalan bahasa Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.

pecahan (diakronik). 3. 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 2. terbahagi (nahu).doc 3-Aug-04 . celah bunyi frikatif celah lihat: sporadic sound change perubahan bunyi semerta vokal hampar kurung persegi sebutan standard lihat: standard language hentian tekanan kelompok tekanan tanda tekanan ciri distingtif prosodi tekanan/fitur distingtif hakiki striden suku kata bertekanan suku kata bertekanan striktur ciri distingtif hakiki bingar/fitur distingtif hakiki striden tekanan kuat Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 39. pemecahan.English speech response speech signal speech sound speech stretcher speech symbol speech synthesis spelling spelling pronunciation spelling reform spirant split split fricative spontaneous sound change sporadic sound change spread vowel square bracket standard pronunciation standard speech stop stress stress group stress mark stress prosodic distinctive feature stress syllable stressed syllable stricture stridden inherent distinctive feature strong stress Indonesia Brunei Darussalam tindak balas ujaran isyarat ujaran bunyi bahasa perenggang bunyi lambang bahasa sintesis ujaran ejaan lafaz ejaan pembaharuan ejaan spiran celah frikatif celah perubahan bunyi spontan perubahan bunyi sporadis vokal hampar kurung persegi sebutan standard/sebutan baku ujaran standard/ujaran baku hentian tekanan kelompok tekanan tanda tekanan fitur distingtif prosodis tekanan suku kata bertekanan suku kata ditekan striktur fitur distingtif inheren striden tekanan kuat Malaysia gerak balas bahasa simbol bahasa bunyi bahasa peregang bunyi lambang bahasa sintesis bahasa ejaan lafaz ejaan pembaharuan ejaan geseran 1.

46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. silabis konsonan silabis puncak suku kata isyarat suku kata/tanda suku kata bunyi silabis vokoid silabis penyukuan suku kata sempadan suku kata pembagian suku kata awal suku kata nukleus suku kata lihat: syllabic peak simbol/lambang isyarat lambang/isyarat simbol pemolaan Malaysia gaya sebutan pasangan subminima kelainan subfonemik penggantian fonem bunyi sebutan superfiks supradental gesekan supraglotal gesekan supraglotal ciri suprasegmental grafem suprasegmental fonem suprasegmental lihat: voiceless pasangan ragu urutan ragu/jujukan ragu mendatar (intonasi) silabik konsonan silabik puncak suku kata tanda suku kata bunyi silabik vokoid silabik penyukuan suku kata sempadan suku kata pemisahan suku kata awal suku kata nukleus suku kata puncak suku kata simbol/lambang tanda lambang/tanda simbol penolaan keseimbangan Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 40.English style pronunciation subminimal pair subphonemic variant substitution of phoneme suction sound superfix supradental supraglottal friction supraglottal fiction suprasegmental feature suprasegmental grapheme suprasegmental phoneme surd suspicious pair suspicious sequence sustained (level) syllabic syllabic consonant syllabic peak syllabic sign syllabic sound syllabic vocoid syllabication syllable syllable boundary syllable division syllable initial syllable nucleus syllable peak symbol symbolic sign symmetrical patterning Indonesia Brunei Darussalam gaya sebutan pasangan subminimum kelainan subfonemis/varian subfonemis penggantian fonem bunyi sebutan superfiks supradental gesekan supraglotal gesekan supraglotal fitur suprasegmental grafem suprasegmetal fonem suprasegmental sud pasangan meragukan urutan meragukan mendatar (intonasi) suku kata.doc 3-Aug-04 .

kendur ketegangan istilah akhir/terminal kontur akhir/kontur terminal jungtur akhir/jungtur terminal tekanan akhir/tekanan terminal untaian akhir/untaian terminal artikulator tertier tekanan tertier tesitura tema Malaysia Keputusan MABBIM Topic Source symmetry syncope syneresis system systematic transcription tactics tamber tamber tap tape recorder tapped tautophony taxonomic phonemics teeth ridge tempo tense tense resonant distinctive feature tense vocoid tense vowel tense vs.doc 3-Aug-04 keseimbangan sinkope sineresis sistem transkripsi sistematik taktik warna bunyi lihat: tamber tamparan mesin perakam lihat: flap tautofoni fonemik taksonomi lengkungan pangkal gigi tempo kala. 41.English Indonesia Brunei Darussalam setangkup/pemolaan simetris kesetangkupan/kesimetrisan sinkope sineresis sistem transkripsi sistematis taktik ragam bunyi lihat: tamber tepik mesin perakam ditepik tautofoni fonemik taksonomis pangkal gigi tempo tegang fitur distingtif resonan tegang vokoid tegang vokal tegang tegang lwn. kendur ketegangan istilah/kata lihat: final environment kontur akhir saktah akhir tekanan akhir untaian akhir alat artikulasi tertier tekanan tertier tesitura tema Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. lax tension term terminal terminal contour terminal juncture terminal stress terminal string tertiary articulator tertiary stress tessitura theme /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 46 . tegang ciri distingtif resonan keras vokoid tegang vokal tegang tegang lwn.

English theme and rheme theory thick L threshold of hearing threshold of pain tight phonation timbre tip of tongue tonal contour tonal substitution tone tone color tone prosodic distinctive feature toneme tonetics tongue tongue position tonic tonic stress tonomechanics total assimilation total dissimilation trachea tracing transcribe transcription transfer transitional sound trema trigraph trill trill consonant trill sound Indonesia Brunei Darussalam tema dan rema teori L tebal batas pendengaran terendah batas pendengaran tertinggi pembunyi ketat warna bunyi hujung lidah kontur bertona penggantian bertona tona warna tona fitur distingtif prosodi tona tonem tonetik lidah kedudukan lidah bertona tekanan bertona tonomekanik asimilasi menyeluruh disimilasi menyeluruh trakea pengesanan mentranskripsi transkripsi memindahkan bunyi peralihan trema tiga huruf getaran/tril konsonan getaran/konsonan tril bunyi getaran/bunyi tril Malaysia tema dan rema teori L tebal batas pendengaran terendah batas pendengaran tertinggi pembunyi tegang warna bunyi hujung lidah kontur nada penggantian nadaan nada warna nada ciri distingtif prosodi nada tonem tonetik lidah kedudukan lidah nadaan tekanan nadaan mekanik nadaan asimilasi menyeluruh disimilasi menyeluruh trakea surihan mentranskripsi transkripsi. 42. pemindahan. pindahan bunyi peralihan trema tiga huruf getaran konsonan getaran/bunyi tril bunyi getaran/bunyi tril Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. tulis pindah memindahkan.doc 3-Aug-04 . 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.

English trillization triphthong triplet trisyllabic troche type of articulation ultimate stress umlaut unaccented unchanging toneme unconditioned sound change underlying form unexploded plosive unexploded stop unilateral unilateral consonant unit unit of tone placement unmarked unproductive unreleased plosive unrestricted opposition unrounded unrounded lip formation unrounded vowel unrounding unstressed unvoiced unvoiced inherent Indonesia Brunei Darussalam penggetaran triftong tigaan trisuku troke jenis artikulasi tekanan terakhir umlaut tanpa aksen tonem tak berubah perubahan bunyi tak terbiasa bentuk dalaman plosif tak lepas/plosif tertahan hentian tak lepas/hentian tertahan unilateral konsonan unilateral unit unit penempatan tona biasa tak produktif lihat: unexploded plosive oposisi tak terbatas tak bundar pembentukan bibir tak bundar vokal tak bundar penidakbundaran tak ditekan tak bersuara fitur distingtif inheren tak Malaysia penggetaran triftong tigaan trisuku trokea jenis artikulasi tekanan terakhir umlaut tanpa aksen tonem tak berubah perubahan bunyi tak bersyarat bentuk batin letupan tak lepas/plosif tak lepas/letupan tertahan/plosif tertahan hentian tak lepas/hentian tertahan unilateral konsonan ekasisi unit unit penerimaan nada tak tertanda tak produktif letupan tak lepas/plosif tak lepas/letupan tertahan/plosif tertahan pertentangan tanpa balas tak bundar pembentukan bibir tak bundar vokal tak bundar penyahbundaran tak bertekanan tak bersuara ciri distingtif inheren tak Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p.doc 3-Aug-04 . 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. 43.

bukan vokal penyuaraan lihat: voiced Keputusan MABBIM Topic Source Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 44. bukan vokalis vokalis lihat: voiced Malaysia bersuara ujaran anak tekak/uvula bunyi anak tekak/bunyi uvula anak tekak/uvular bunyi anak tekak/bunyi uvular kelainan kelainan lelangit lembut/velar bunyi lelangit lembut/bunyi velar klik lelangit lembut/klik velar penyempitan lelangit lembut/penyempitan velar pemvelaran anak lidah/velik lelangit lembut/velum kejaludan jalud hukum Verner getaran kekerapan getaran pita suara pita suara pita suara alat ujaran saluran suara perubahan bunyi vokal ciri distigtif vokal hakiki vokal lwn. non-vocalic vocalization vocalize Indonesia Brunei Darussalam bersuara ujaran anak tekak/uvula bunyi anak tekak/bunyi uvula anak tekak/uvular bunyi anak tekak/bunyi uvular kelainan/varian kelainan/variasi lelangit lembut/velar bunyi lelangit lembut/bunyi velar klik lelangit lembut/klik velar penyempitan lelangit lembut/penyempitan velar pemvelaran anak lidah/velik lelangit lembut/velum ventrilokisme ventrilokis hukum Verner getaran kekerapan getaran pita suara pita suara pita suara alat ujaran saluran suara perubahan vokalis fiture distigtiff inheren vokalis vokalis lwn.doc 3-Aug-04 .English distinctive feature utterance uvula uvula sound uvular uvular sound variant variation velar velar sound velaric click velaric closure velarization velic velum ventriloquism ventriloquist Verner’s law vibration vibration frequency vocal bands vocal cord vocal lip vocal organ vocal tract vocalic alteration vocalic inherent distinctive feature vocalic vs. 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.

suara. 45. tak bersuara bersuara klik bersuara ciri distingtif inheren bersuara hentian bersuara hentian bersuara tanpa hembusan tak bersuara frikatif beralur tak bersuara bunyi tak bersuara hentian tak bersuara hentian tak bersuara tanpa hembusan penyuaraan subjungtif kehendak kelantangan (suara) vokal rangkap vokal/gugus vokal gradasi vokal keselarasan vokal rajah vokal sisi empat pengurangan vokal penggeseran vokal sistem vokal rajah vokal segi tiga cara gangguan tekanan lemah bisik Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 p. 46 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306. voiceless voiced voiced click voiced inherent distinctive feature voiced stop voiced unaspirated stop voiceless voiceless grooved fricative voiceless sound voiceless stop voiceless unaspirated stop voicing volitive subjunctive volume vowel vowel cluster vowel gradation vowel harmony vowel quadrilateral vowel reduction vowel shift vowel system vowel triangle way of obstruction weak stress whisper Indonesia Brunei Darussalam vokoid pembelakangan vokoid vokoid rendah vokoid tengah suara kualiti suara bersuara lwn. 2. ragam kualiti suara bersuara lwn. tak bersuara bersuara klik bersuara fitur distigtif inheren bersuara hentian bersuara hentian tak beraspirat bersuara tak bersuara frikatif beralur tak bersuara bunyi tak bersuara hentian tak bersuara hentian tak beraspirat tak bersuara penyuaraan subjungtif kehendak kenyaringan vokal gugus vokal pemeringkatan vokal keselarasan vokal rajah segi empat vokal penurunan vokal peralihan vokal sistem vokal rajah segi tiga vokal cara gangguan tekanan lemah bisikan. berbisik Malaysia vokoid pembelakangan vokoid vokoid rendah vokoid tengah 1.doc 3-Aug-04 .English vocoid vocoid backing vocoid low vocoid mid voice voice quality voice vs.

46 . sifar fonem kosong/fonem sifar Keputusan MABBIM Topic Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Ling-Phonology Source MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 MABBIM 08 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_5/171545306.English whispered sound whispered speech whispered vowel whistling consonant wide diphthong wing bracket word border marker configurative feature word boundary word stress zero zero phoneme Indonesia Brunei Darussalam bunyi bisikan ujaran bisikan vokal bisikan konsonan siul diftong lebar kurawal fitur konfiguratif penanda sempadan kata sempadan kata tekanan kata kosong/sifar fonem kosong/fonem sifar Malaysia bunyi bisikan bahasa siul vokal bisikan konsonan siul diftong lebar kurung siku ciri konfiguratif tanda sempadan kata sempadan kata tekanan kata 1. 2. 46.doc 3-Aug-04 p. kosong.