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Hydrogen Wire Car

Hydrogen Wire Car

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Published by mantusubudhi
Seminar ddd on HY-WIRE CAR

Presented by
deepaksubudhi456@gmail.com

Introduction
Cars are immensely complicated machines, but when you get down to it, they do an incredibly simple job. Most of the complex stuff in a car is dedicated to turning wheels, which grip the road to pull the car body and passengers along. In this article, we'll look at one interesting vision of the future, General Motor's remarkable concept car, the Hy-wire.

HY-WIRE BASICS

• The defining characteristic of the Hy-w
Seminar ddd on HY-WIRE CAR

Presented by
deepaksubudhi456@gmail.com

Introduction
Cars are immensely complicated machines, but when you get down to it, they do an incredibly simple job. Most of the complex stuff in a car is dedicated to turning wheels, which grip the road to pull the car body and passengers along. In this article, we'll look at one interesting vision of the future, General Motor's remarkable concept car, the Hy-wire.

HY-WIRE BASICS

• The defining characteristic of the Hy-w

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: mantusubudhi on Jun 25, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/08/2012

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Seminar ddd on HY-WIRE CAR

Presented by
deepaksubudhi456@gmail.com

Introduction
Cars are immensely complicated machines, but when you get down to it, they do an incredibly simple job. Most of the complex stuff in a car is dedicated to turning wheels, which grip the road to pull the car body and passengers along. In this article, we'll look at one interesting vision of the future, General Motor's remarkable concept car, the Hy-wire.

HY-WIRE BASICS

• The defining characteristic of the Hy-wire (and its conceptual • •
predecessor, the AUTOnomy) is that it doesn't have either of these two things. Instead of an engine, it has a fuel cell stack, which powers an electric motor connected to the wheels. Instead of mechanical and hydraulic linkages, it has a drive by wire system -- a computer actually operates the components that move the wheels, activate the brakes and so on, based on input from an electronic controller. This is the same control system

• There is no steering wheel,

there are no pedals and there is no engine compartment. In fact, every piece of equipment that actually moves the car along the road is housed in an 11inch-thick (28 cm) aluminum chassis -- also known as the skateboard -- at the base of the car. Everything above the chassis is dedicated solely to driver control and passenger comfort. The floor of the fiberglassand-steel passenger compartment can be totally flat, and it’s easy to give

Power
• The "Hy" in Hy-wire stands for hydrogen,
the standard fuel for a fuel cell system. • Like batteries, fuel cells have a negatively charged terminal and a positively charged terminal that propel electrical charge through a circuit connected to each end. They are also similar to batteries in that they generate electricity from a chemical reaction. • But unlike a battery, you can continually recharge a fuel cell by adding chemical fuel -- in this case, hydrogen from an onboard storage tank and oxygen from the

Hydrogen tanks and fuelcell stack in the Hy-wire

Contd…

• The basic idea is to use a catalyst to split a hydrogen

molecule (H2) into two H protons (H+, positively charged single hydrogen atoms) and two electrons (e-). Oxygen on the cathode (positively charged) side of the fuel cell draws H+ ions from the anode side through a proton exchange membrane, but blocks the flow of electrons. to the protons (which have a positive charge) on the other side of the membrane, but they have to move through the electrical circuit to get there. The fuel-cell stack in the Hy-wire is made up of 200 individual cells connected in series, which collectively provide 94 kilowatts of continuous power and 129 kilowatts at peak power. re. rage tank and oxygen from the atmosphere. volts, depending on the load in the circuit.

• The electrons (which have a negative charge) are attracted

• This system delivers DC voltage ranging from 125 to 200 • The motor controller boosts this up to 250 to 380 volts and
converts it to AC current to drive the three-phase electric

• The Hy-wire's "brain" is a central computer

Control

housed in the middle of the chassis. It sends electronic signals to the motor control unit to vary the speed, the steering mechanism to maneuver the car, and the braking system to slow the car down. • The computer connects to the body's electronics through a single universal docking port. • The driver's control unit, dubbed the Xdrive, is a lot closer to a video game controller than a conventional steering wheel and pedal arrangement. The controller has two ergonomic grips, positioned to the left and right of a small

Contd…

Components of the HY-WIRE car

Contd…

• The 5.8-inch (14.7-cm) color monitor

in the center of the controller displays all the stuff you'd normally find on the dashboard (speed, mileage, fuel level). • One of the coolest things about the drive-by-wire system is that you can fine-tune vehicle handling without changing anything in the car's mechanical components -- all it takes to adjust the steering, accelerator or brake sensitivity is some new

X-drive of Hy-WIRE car

The X-drive can slide to either side of the vehicle.

Hy-wire Numbers
• • • • • • • • • • • • •
Top speed: 100 miles per hour (161 kph) Weight: 4,185 pounds (1,898 kg) Chassis length: 14 feet, 3 inches (4.3 meters) Chassis width: 5 feet, 5.7 inches (1.67 meters) Chassis thickness: 11 inches (28 cm) Wheels: eight-spoke, light alloy wheels. Tires: 20-inch (51-cm) in front and 22-inch (56cm) in back Fuel-cell power: 94 kilowatts continuous, 129 kilowatts peak Fuel-cell-stack voltage: 125 to 200 volts Motor: 250- to 380-volt three-phase asynchronous electric motor Crash protection: front and rear "crush zones" (or "crash boxes") to absorb impact energy Related GM patents in progress: 30 GM team members involved in design: 500+

The Hy-wire has wheels, seats and windows like a conventional car, but the similarity pretty much ends there. There is no engine under the hood and no steering wheel or pedals inside.

Advantages
• In Hy- wire car the central
computer will be able to monitor driver input which will make it much safer. • This car can resolve the major fuel problems and safety issues. • This is eco-friendly car.

Disadvantages
• This car does not have any physical
connection between the driver and the car’s mechanical component, so the electrical failure would mean total loss of control. • The production of the hydrogen which is used as fuel in the Hy-wire car can generate about as much pollution as using gasoline engines and storage and distribution systems still have a long way to go.

Conclusion
It fully intends to release a production version of the car in 2010, assuming it can resolve the major fuel and safety issues. But even if the Hy-wire team doesn't meet this goal. Automakers are definitely planning to move beyond the conventional car sometime soon, toward a computerized, environmentally friendly alternative. In all likelihood, life on the highway

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