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Assignment 1

Vectors
1. For the points P = (1, −1, 1), Q = (2, −2, 2), R = (2, 0, 1), S = (3, −1, 2), does PQ=RS ?
−→ −→

2. Let v = (1, 0, 0) and w = (a, 0, 0) be vectors in w = |a| v .

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. Show that

3. Let v = (−1, 5, −2) and w = (3, 1, 1). (a) Find v v . (b) Find the vector u such that u + v + w = 2j + k. (c) Is there a scalar m such that m(v + 2w) = k? If so, find it. 4. For the vectors v and w in question 3, is v + w = v + w ? If not, which quantity is larger? 5. For v = (2, 1, 4) and w = (1, −2, 0), verify the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality: |v · w| ≤ v w . 6. For v = (2, 1, 4) and w = (1, −2, 0), verify the Triangle Inequality: v+w ≤ v + w . 7. Prove or give a counterexample: Let w be a vector in for all v in 3 , then w = 0.
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. If v · w = 0
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8. Prove or give a counterexample: Let w, v be vectors in u · v = u · w for all u in 3 , then v = w. 9. Given v = (5, 1, −2) and w = (4, −4, 3), find v × w.

. If

10. Calculate the area of the triangle ∆PQR, where P = (5, 1, −2), Q = (4, −4, 3), R = (2, 4, 0).
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0. 3) 18. 14. 2. Q = (1. 15. Q = (5. 3. P : 3 x − y − 5z + 8 = 0 2 . 12. 4). Find the point of intersection (if any) of the given lines. z = 3 − 2t 17. 3). −1. Calculate the area of the parallelogram PQRS . Write the line L through the point P and parallel to the vector v in the following forms: (a) vector. 4. 3). Find the volume of the parallelepiped with adjacent sides u. R = (2. 1. P = (1. 1. Prove the following for all vectors v. (6. where P = (2. Write the normal form of the plane P containing the point Q and perpendicular to the vector n. v = (5. −2) 13. −1). n = (4. 2. (b) parametric. 2). z = 7 + t 16. 5. Q = (4. y = 4t. 3). v. then v = 0 or w = 0. 1. (1. −4. w. and (c) symmetric. z = − 7 − 5 s and x = 1 + 6t. 1. 6) 19. P = (2. 1). x = 7 + 3 s. y = 2 + t. (1. 1. Write the normal form of the plane containing the given points. y = − 4 − 3 s. w = (5. w in 3 : (a) v × w 2 + |v · w|2 = v 2 w 2 (b) If v · w = 0 and v × w = 0. Find the distance d from the point P to the line L. −2). 1. 1. Find the distance D from the point Q to the plane P. −3). v = (2. S = (3. 3). L : x = −2 − 2t. 4. −1). −2).11. 5). u = (1.

Find the line of intersection (if any) of the given planes.20. x + 3y + 2z − 6 = 0 2x − y + z + 2 = 0 3 .