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Spanish Tenses Future: Used to tell what “will” happen, or what “shall” happen Option #1: Ir + a + ifinitivo Option #2 AR/ER/IR

-e, -as, -a, -emos, -eis, -an Hablare, hablaras, hablara, hablaremos, hablareis, hablaran Preterite and Imperfect: Preterite: generally used for actions that are seen as completed. Tells us specifically when an action took place Imperfect: generally used for actions in the past that are not seen as completed. Tells us in general when an action took place. Preterite: AR -e, -aste, -o, -amos, -asteis, -aron ER/IR -i, -iste, -io, -imos, -isteis, -ieron Ellos llegaron a las ocho. They arrived at eight o’clock. Imperfect: AR -aba, -abas, -aba, -abamos, -abais, -aban ER/IR -ia, -ias, -ia, -iamos, -iais, -ian Almorzabamos juntos todos los dias. We would lunch together everyday. La nina tenia cinco anos. The little girl was five years old.

Past Participle: Can be used as an adjective Combined with “ser” to get passive voice AR  -ado ER/IR -ido Hablado, comido, vivido La puerta esta cerrada. The door is closed. Present Perfect:

I have paid the bill. hemos. habeis. La puerta esta cerrada. han He comido.Often used for past actions that continue into the present. has. La cuenta esta pagada. habias. ha. The door is closed. habiamos. Past Perfect: Past action was completed prior to another past action. habiais. He pagado la cuenta. (or affect the present) Combines auxiliary verb “haber” (has/have) with a past participle He. habian Habia vivido. The bill is paid. Combines auxiliary verb “haber” with a past participle Habia. . Yo habia cerrado la puerta. I had lived. habia. I have eaten. I had closed the door.