Table 2.

Summary of dietary nutrient requirement and utilization of rainbow trout, Oncorhychus mykiss (requirement expressed for dry
feed except otherwise where mentioned).
Nutrient level

Life stage/size class
Fry

Crude protein, % min

Fingerling

Juvenile

Grower

Broodstock

45–50

45

43

42

35–40

2.00
0.70
0.80
1.40
1.80
1.00
1.20
0.80
0.20
1.30

2.00
0.70
0.80
1.40
1.80
1.00
1.20
0.80
0.20
1.30

2.00
0.70
0.80
1.40
1.80
1.00
1.20
0.80
0.20
1.30

2.00
0.70
0.80
1.40
1.80
1.00
1.20
0.80
0.20
1.30

2.00
0.70
0.80
1.40
1.80
1.00
1.20
0.80
0.20
1.30

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

1
0.5
12
3
15.5
15.5

1
0.5
12
3
15.5
15.5

1
0.5
12
3
15.5
15.5

1
0.5
12
3
15.5
15.5

1
0.5
12
3
15.5
15.5

25

25

25

22

23

1
0.8
0.05
0.06

1
0.7
0.05
0.06

1
0.6
0.05
0.06

1
0.6
0.05
0.06

1
0.6
0.05
0.06

0.7
60

0.7
60

0.7
60

0.7
60

0.7
60

3
13
30

3
13
30

3
13
30

3
13
30

3
13
30

0.3
1.1

0.3
1.1

0.3
1.1

0.3
1.1

0.3
1.1

2 500
2 400

2 500
2 400

2 500
2 400

2 500
2 000

2 500
2 000

25–
100

25–100

25–100

25–100

25–100

Crude protein, g/kg body weight/day
Amino acids, % min of dietary feed (dry
matter basis)
Arginine
Histidine
Isoleucine
Leucine
Lysine
Methionine
Phenylalanine
Threonine
Tryptophan
Valine
Crude lipid, % min
Essential fatty acids, % min
18:2n-6
20:4n-6
18:3n-3
20:5n-3
22:6n-3
Carbohydrate, % max
Crude fibre, % max
Gross energy, min kJ/g
Digestible energy, min kJ/g
Metabolizable energy, min kJ/g
Protein to energy ratio, mg/kJ
Minerals

Macroelements (%)
Calcium, max
Phosphorus, min
Magnesium, min
Sodium, min
Microelements, min mg/kg dry diet
Potassium
Iron
Sulphur
Chlorine
Copper
Manganese
Zinc
Cobalt
Selenium
Iodine
Molybdenium
Chromium
Flourine
Vitamins, min IU/kg
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamins, min mg/kg
Vitamin E

15 40 .Vitamin K 1 1 Thiamine 10 10 Riboflavin 5 5 Pyridoxine 6 6 Pantothenic acid 20 20 Niacin 10 10 Folic acid 2 2 Vitamin B12 0.02 Choline 800 800 Inositol 300 300 Biotin 0. 1 10 5 6 20 10 2 0.15 0.15 Ascorbic acid 40 40 * Requirements measured in fingerling and juvenile fish.02 0. Values for other life-history Data source: National Research Council (1993) 1 1 10 10 5 5 6 6 20 20 10 10 2 2 0.02 0.15 40 40 stages are estimates.02 800 800 300 300 0.02 800 300 0.15 0.

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