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Algebraic Loops

Algebraic Loops

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Published by: Dominik Gebhardt on Sep 13, 2013
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3-5

S.4 Flectrlcul Syxtem Componentx MoJelllng
3.4.1 Jq Reference Frame Transformation
Betails of the Jq iefeience fiame tiansfoimation aie piesenteu in Appenuix-A.
3.4.2 Induction Macbine Model
The inuuction machine mouel can be implementeu with motoi convention on the
iotoi siue anu geneiatoi convention on the statoi siue |Zhao et al. 2uu6j |Li &
Chen 2uu6j. This is shown in Figuie-S.S.



Figuie S.S - Equivalent ciicuit of the inuuction machine in Jq cooiuinates
|Nohan 2uu1j.

Equation (S.1) gives the mouel

sq d sd s sd sd
i R v
dt
d
λ ω λ + − − = (S.1a)
sd d sq s sq sq
i R v
dt
d
λ ω λ − − − = (S.1b)
rq dA rd r rd rd
i R v
dt
d
λ ω λ + − = (S.1c)
rd dA rq r rq rq
i R v
dt
d
λ ω λ − − = (S.1u)

+ =
rd
r
m
sd
s
sd
L
L
L
1
i λ λ
σ
(S.1e)

+ =
rq
r
m
sq
s
sq
L
L
L
1
i λ λ
σ
(S.1f)
3-6

+ =
sd
s
m
rd
r
rd
L
L
L
1
i λ λ
σ
(S.1g)

+ =
sq
s
m
rq
r
rq
L
L
L
1
i λ λ
σ
(S.1h)

( )
sd rq sq rd
r s
m
em
L L
L
2
p
T λ λ λ λ
σ
− = (S.1i)

( )
m eq em m
eq
m
B T T
J
1
dt
d
ω ω − − = (S.1j)

− =
r s
2
m
L L
L
1 σ (S.1k)

i, v anu i signify flux-linkage, voltage anu cuiient iespectively. Theii subsciipts s
anu r along with J anu q iepiesent a statoi anu iotoi ielateu quantity along the J
anu q axis of the iefeience fiame iespectively. Rs{Rr) anu ls{lr) uenote the
iesistance anu inuuctance of the statoi(iotoi) iespectively, while lm iefeis to the
magnetizing inuuctance. t iepiesents time anu o is the leakage coefficient. mJ anu
mJA aie the electiical iauian fiequency on the statoi anu the iotoi siue
iespectively. mJA = mJ - mr wheie mr is the electiical angulai velocity of the iotoi
while mm is its mechanical angulai velocity. p anu Tem iepiesent the numbei of
poles anu the electiomagnetic toique of the machine iespectively wheieas Tm, }eq
anu Beq iepiesent the mechanical uiiving toique, the total ineitia anu the total
viscous fiiction of the system when a lumpeu-mass mouel is useu foi the uiive
tiain.

Equation (S.1e) to Equation (S.1h) must be substituteu in Equation (S.1a) to
Equation (S.1u) befoie implementing in Simulink. This way, by piopei
initialization of the ueiivative teims, algebiaic loops aie avoiueu uuiing
simulations since the inputs to the mouel aie not uepenuent on the outputs
|Noiien et al. 2uuSj.
3.4.3 Converter Model
A simplifieu conveitei mouel has been useu in simulations. As mentioneu
pieviously, the switching events neeu not be simulateu. Bowevei, the conveitei
uelay has to be taken into account |Seiban 2uuSj |Soens, Biiesen & Belmans
2uuSj. This can be uone, as a fiist appioximation, by uelaying the iefeience to
the conveitei block by multiples of the sampling time ueteimineu by the iatio of
the sampling fiequency to the switching fiequency. The only uiffeience
obseiveu, with this way of mouelling, in the conveitei cuiient is the lack of
switching haimonics.

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