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Drumuire-Planimetrica-Sprijinita La Capete Optimizata

Drumuire-Planimetrica-Sprijinita La Capete Optimizata

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Published by: Ionut-Alexandru Hurmuz on Sep 13, 2013
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DRUMUIRE PLANIMETRICA SPRIJINITA LA CAPETE PE PUNCTE DE COORDONATE

CUNOSCUTE

Se dau:
- coordonatele punctelor vechi de sprijin
Nr.pct X(m) Y(m)
A 140.380 175.498
B 202.156 114.429
C 120.580 530.804
D 92.860 647.546
- distantele inclinate
o L
A1
=81.316
o L
12
=119.837
o L
23
=84.882
o L
34
=134.264
o L
4C
=111.662
- Unghiuri orizontale
o ω
A
=123.4817
o ω
1
=286.5747
o ω
2
=101.0302
o ω
3
=293.0238
o ω
4
=77.0967
o ω
C
=283.2575
- Unghiuri zenitale
o z
A1
=99.45
o z
12
=99.37
o z
23
=100.65
o z
34
=99.85
o z
4C
=100.42
Se cere:
- sa se calculeze coordonatele punctelor noi de drumuire 1, 2, 3, 4.


Rezolvare:
1. Calculul orientarilor punctelor de sprijin

θ’
AB
=350.3662
θ’
CD
=114.8415
Fata de:
114.429 175.498
202.156 140.380
61.069
400 400 40 '
350.36
0
61.776
400 0.98856 400 49.633 62 8
AB
B A
g g g
B A
g g
Y Y
arctg arctg arctg
X X
arctg



 
      

   

647.546 530.804
92.860 120.580
116.742
200 2 '
114.841
00 200
27.720
200 4.21147 200 85. 8 5 15 5
CD
D C
g g g
D C
g g
Y Y
arctg arctg arctg
X X
arctg




      
 
   

2. Calculul orientarilor provizorii intre punctele de drumuire

θ’
A1
=73.8479
θ’
12
=160.4226
θ’
23
=61.4528
θ’
34
=154.4766
θ’
4C
=31.5733
θ’
CD
=114.8308
fata de:

1 1
2 2
3
1 1
21 1
1
12
23
3
2
4 32
400 350.3622 400 123.4817
' 400 ( ' 200 ) 400 273.8479 400 286.5747
' 73.8479
' 160.4226
' 400 ( ' 200 ) 400 360.4226 400 101.0302
' 400 (
' 61.4528
'
A
g
A AB
g g g
A A
g g g
g
 
   
   
 




      
          
          
    3
4 4 4
23
43 34
4 4
' 200 ) 400 261.4528 400 293.0238
' 400 ( ' 200 ) 400 354.4
154.4766
' 31.5733 766 400 77.0967
' 400 ( ' 200 ) 400 231.57. 400 283 ' 114.8308 .2575 C C
g g
g g g
g g g
C
C
CD C
 
  

 
   
      
          
          

3. Calculul erorii orientarii de drumuire

e
θ
= θ`
CD
– θ
CD
= 114.8308–114.8415=-107
cc

c
θ
= - e
θ
=107
cc
0.0018
107
6
cc
cc
c
n
k


  

asta o scrii asa. Vezi ca 107/6=17.83 nu 0.0018 si cand aduni la punctul 4
rotunjesti in fiecare caz.
4. Calculul orientarilor definitive ale punctelor de drumuire
Θ
i,i+1
= θ’
i,i+1
+nk
θ
θ
A1
=73.8515
θ
12
=160.4262
θ
23
=61.4581
θ
34
=154.4837
θ
4C
=31.5822
θ
CD
=114.8415 fata de 114.8416 al tau

θ
A1
= θ`
A1
+k
θ
=73.8479+0.0018=73.8515
θ
12
= θ`
12
+2k
θ
=160.4226+0.0036=160.4262
θ
23
= θ`
23
+3k
θ
=61.4528+0.0054=61.4582
θ
34
= θ`
34
+4k
θ
=154.4766+0.0072=154.4838
θ
4C
= θ`
4C
+5k
θ
=31.5733+0.0090=31.5823
θ
CD
= θ`
CD
+6k
θ
=114.8308+0.0108=114.8416

5. Calculul distantelor reduse la orizont
D
i,i+1
= L
i,i+1
sinz
D
A1
=81.313m
D
12
=119.831m
D
23
=84.877m
D
34
=134.263m
D
4C
=111.659m
D
A1
=L
A1
sinz=81.316*sin99.45=81.313m
D
12
=L
12
sinz=119.837*sin99.37=119.831m
D
23
=L
23
sinz=84.882*sin100.65=84.877m
D
34
=L
34
sinz=134.264*sin99.85=134.263m
D
4C
=L
4C
sinz=111.662*sin100.42=111.659m

6. Calculul coordonatelor relative provizorii
ΔX’
i,i+1
=D
i,i+1
cosθ
i,i+1
le poti calcula la etapa 4 unde iti ramane θ in calculator
iar pentru
ΔY’
i,i+1
=D
i,i+1
sinθ
i,i+1
poti da undo pe calculator (al meu avea asa ceva in
facultate, nu stiu cum sunt astea mai noi) sau bagi de mana valorile sau
daca iti afiseaza functia si o poti edita, mergi si schimbi cos cu sin (asa era
calculatorul meu, nu bag mana-n foc)

X’
A1
=D
A1
cos θ
A1
=81.313*cos73.8515= 32.467m
∆X’
12
=D
12
cos θ
12
=119.831*cos160.4262= -97.415m
∆X’
23
=D
23
cos θ
23
=84.877*cos61.4582= 48.304m
∆X’
34
=D
34
cos θ
34
=134.263*cos154.4838= -101.384m
∆X’
4C
=D
4C
cos θ
4C
=111.659*cos31.5823= 98.198m

Y’
A1
=D
A1
sin θ
A1
=81.313*sin73.8515= 74.550m
∆Y’
12
=D
12
sin θ
12
=119.831*sin160.4262= 69.784m
∆Y’
23
=D
23
sin θ
23
=84.877*sin61.4582= 69.792m
∆Y’
34
=D
34
sin θ
34
=134.263*sin154.4838= 88.022m
∆Y’
4C
=D
4C
sin θ
4C
=111.659*sin31.5823= 53.149m

7. Calculul erorii si corectiei coordonatelor relative

e
x
= ( ) C A X X X   

=-19.830-(-19.800)=-0.030m
c
x
= - e
x
= 0.030m
0.030
531.943
0.00005640 x
x c
D
k   



e
y
= ( ) C A Y Y Y   

=355.297-(355.306)=-0.009m
c
y
= - e
y
= 0.009m
0.009
531.943
0.00001692 y
y c
D
k   


Daca la o drumuire de 500 de metri ai erorile astea scoti naveta de bere si te
cinstesti pentru o treaba bine facuta!
Mai departe intelegi ideea


8. Calculul coordonatelor relative compensate

X
A1
=X’
A1
+k
x
D
A1
=32.467+0.00005640*81.313=32.472m
∆X
12
=∆X’
12
+ k
x
D
12
=-19.415+0.00005640*119.831=-97.408m
∆X
23
=∆X’
23
+ k
x
D
23
=48.304+0.00005640*84.877=48.309m
∆X
34
=∆X’
34
+ k
x
D
34
=-101.384+0.00005640*134.263=-101.376m
∆X
4C
=∆X’
4C
+ k
x
D
4C
=98.198+0.00005640*111.659=98.204m

Y
A1
=Y’
A1
+k
Y
D
A1
=74.550+0.00001692*81.313=74.551m
∆Y
12
=∆Y’
12
+ k
Y
D
12
=69.784+0.00001692*119.831=69.786m
∆Y
23
=∆Y’
23
+ k
Y
D
23
=69.792+0.00001692*84.877=69.793m
∆Y
34
=∆Y’
34
+ k
Y
D
34
=88.022+0.00001692*134.263=88.024m
∆Y
4C
=∆Y’
4C
+ k
Y
D
4C
=53.149+0.00001692*111.659=53.151m

Verificare

∑X=X
C
-X
A
19.800=-19.800
∑Y=Y
C
-Y
A
355.306=355.306

9. Calculul coordonatelor absolute ale punctelor de drumuire

X
1
=X
A
+∆X
A1
=140.380+32.472=172.852m
X
2
=X
1
+∆X
12
= 172.852-97.408=75.443m
X
3
=X
2
+∆X
23
= 75.443+48.309=123.752m
X
4
=X
3
+∆X
34
= 123.752-101.376=22.376m
X
C
=X
4
+∆X
4C
= 22.376+98.204=120.580m

Y
1
=Y
A
+∆Y
A1
= 175.498+74.551=250.049m
Y
2
=Y
1
+∆Y
12
= 250.049+69.786=319.835m
Y
3
=Y
2
+∆Y
23
= 319.835+69.793=389.629m
Y
4
=Y
3
+∆Y
34
= 389.629+88.024=477.653m
Y
C
=Y
4
+∆Y
4C
= 477.653+53.151=530.804m




498 61.720 200 g  arctg 4.804 116.4226 θ’23=61.380 61.776 400 g  arctg 0.8415 2.742  200 g  arctg  200 g  arctg  XD  XC 92.4528 θ’34=154.429  175.3662 θ’CD=114.156  140.546  530.3662  '  200 g  arctg CD YD  YC 647.1585  114.860  120.98856  400 g  49. Calculul orientarilor punctelor de sprijin θ’AB=350.069  400 g  arctg  400 g  arctg  XB  XA 202.4766 .21147  200 g  85.Rezolvare: 1.6338  350.8415 Fata de:  '  400 g  arctg AB YB  YA 114.580 27.8479 θ’12=160. Calculul orientarilor provizorii intre punctele de drumuire θ’A1=73.

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