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tl khfhz rigj; Njh; j Yf; F Kd; d uhd Ma; T
 
khw;Wf; nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyaj;jpd; Ma;T Muha;r;rp epWtdkhd Nrh~y; ,d;bNfl;lh;> tl khfhz rigj; Njh;jYf;F Kd;dh; Xh; tpiuthdnjhU fUj;Jf;fzpg;gpid 2013 Mf];l;by; elhj;jpaJ.   25 tUlq;fspd; gpd;dh; Kjy; Kiwahf - tl khfhzj;jpd; khfhz rigj; Njh;jy;fs; 2013 nrg;nlk;gh; 21k; jpfjp elhj;jg;glTs;sJ. Njh;jy; jpizf;fsj;jpd; jfty;fspd; mbg;gilapy; 714>488 egh;fs; thf;fspg;gjw;fhf gjpT nra;ag;gl;Ls;shh;fs;.
 

nrg;nlk;gh;  2013  

Photograph  by  Vikalpa

Kjd; i kg; ngWNgWfs;

  ,f; fUj;Jf;fzpg;ghdJ Njh;jy; KbTfis Kd;$l;bNa njhptpg;gij fUj;jpy; nfhs;shj NghJk;

eilngwtpUf;Fk; Njh;jy;fs; njhlh;gpy; kf;fs; fUj;Jf;fis kjpg;gpLtjw;Fk;> Aj;jk; Kbtile;jJ Kjy; vj;jifa khw;wq;fis mDgtpj;jhh;fs; kw;Wk; r%fj;jpw;F Kf;fpakhd tplaq;fs; vd;dntd mth;fs; fUJfpwhh;fs; vd;gJ njhlh;gpYk; ,q;F Muha;fpwJ.   kf;fSf;Fk; mth;fsJ r%fj;jpw;Fk; Kf;fpakhd tplaq;fshf Ntiy tha;g;Gf;fs;> fy;tpia Kd;Ndw;wy;> tjptplq;fs; kw;Wk; ghijfs; Nkk;gLj;jy; Nghd;wit fhzg;gLfpd;wd. fle;j ehd;F tUlq;fspy;> gjpyspg;gth;fspy; ngUk;ghd;ikahdth;fs; (63.7%) tl khfhzj;jpy; mgptpUj;jp XusT Nkk;gl;Ls;sjhf ek;Gfpd;wdh; mNjNtis 26.1% ngUksT mgptpUj;jp mile;Js;sjhf $Wfpd;wdh;. jdpg;gl;l ghJfhg;gpidf; fUj;jpy; nfhs;Sk; NghJ 41.3% fle;j ehd;F tUlq;fspy; XusT Nkk;gl;Ls;sjhf Fwpg;gpLfpd;wdh; mNjNtis 21.6% ve;jtpj khw;wKkpy;iy vdf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wdh;. 40% tho;thjhukhdJ XusT Kd;Ndw;wk; mile;Js;sjhf ek;Gfpd;wdh; mNjNtis 33.9% ve;jtpj khw;wKkpy;iy vdf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wdh;.   Ntl;ghsh;fisj; njhpT nra;Ak; NghJ ngUk;ghd;ikahd gjpyspg;gth;fs; kpf Kf;fpakhd tplakhff; fUJtJ Ntl;ghsh;fs; r%f NritapYk; fpuhk mgptpUj;jpapYk; <Lgl;bUe;jhh;fsh vd;gNjhL mNjNtis Neh;ikahd> ey;y nfhs;iffSldhd nghUj;jkhd Ntl;ghsuh vd;w tplak; ,uz;lhk; gl;rkhfNt fUjg;gLfpd;wJ. ngUk;ghyhd gjpyspg;gth;fs; eilngwtpUf;Fk; Njh;jy;fs; njhlh;gpy; ed;ikiaNa fhz;fpd;wdh; 34.2% tl khfhz rigj; Njh;jy;fs; Rje;jpukhdJ epahakhdJkhd Kiwapy; epfOk; vd ek;Gfpd;wdh; mNjNtis 24% Rje;jpukhdJ epahakhdJkhf epfoyhk; vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;. 34% ngUk;ghyhd gjpyspg;gth;fs; jkpoh; Njrpaf; $l;likg;G ntw;wp ngWk; vd ek;Gfpd;wdh; mNjNtis 21.7% If;fpa kf;fs; Rje;jpu Kd;dzp vd ek;Gfpd;wdh;.  

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Njh; j y; fhyj; i j xU Gwk; js; s p> nghJthf murpay; kw; W k; nghJ tplaq; f s; njhlh; g py; cq; f Sf; F ve; j sT Mh; t k; cs; s J vd eP q ; f s; fUJfpwP h ; f s; ?        

 

cs; @ h; r%fj; j pw; F Kf; f pakhd %d; W tplaq; f s;     1.  Ntiytha;g;Gf;fs;   2.  fy;tpapid Kd;Ndw;Wjy;   3.  tPLfs;     13k; jpUj; j r; rl; l j; j pd; Kf; f pa Fwpf; N fhs; vd; d ?   ghuSkd;wj;jpw;F vjpuhf [dhjpgjpapd; mjpfhuq;fis typikg;gLj;JtJ  –  9.7%   khfhzq;fSf;F ngUksT mjpfhuq;fis toq;FtJ  –  24.1%   rpq;fs nkhopapid ,yq;ifapd; murfUk nkhopahf;FtJ  –  2.6%   ,yq;ifapd; mjpfhu ikag;gLj;jiy mjpfhpg;gJ  –   3.9%   njhpahJ/epr;rakpy;iy  –  38.1%   gjpy; ,y;iy    26.1%

murhq;fj;jpd; mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rp ‘tlf; f pd; tre; j k; ’ njhlh;gpy; 88.8% gjpyspg;gth;fs; mwpe;J itj;Js;shh;fs;. mjd; %yk; ed;ik ngw;Ws;shh;fsh vdf; Nfl;l NghJ 54.2 % ,y; i y vdTk; mNjNtis 11.6 % m th; f S f; F ghi jfs; fpi lj; j jhfTk; 9.8 % m th; f S f; F kpd ; r huk; fpi lj; j jhfTk; njhptpj;jdh;.   tlf;fpd; tre;jk; %d;W tplaq;fis fUj;jpy; nfhz;L 2009y; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lJ – ghJfhg;G> kPs; FbNaw;wk; kw;Wk; cl;fl;likg;G mgptpUj;jp> ,tw;wpid %d;W fl;lq;fspy; epiwTnra;a – 180 ehl;fspyhdnjhU jpl;lk;> FWq;fhy jpl;lj;jpidAk; ePz;lfhy jpl;lj;jpidAk; cs;slf;fpaJ.

  fle;j ehd;F tUl fhyj;Jf;Fs; cq;fs; fUj;Jg;gb tlf;F khfhzj;jpy; gpd;tUk; epiyikfs; ve;jsT khw;wk; mile;Js;sd vdf; Fwpg;gpLf?

vjph; t Uk; tl khfhzrigj; Njh; j y; f isf; fUj; j py; n fhs; S k; NghJ> ve; j f; fl; r p ntw; w p ngWk; vd eP q ; f s; epidf; f pwP h ; f s; ?    

tl khfhz rigj; Njh; j y; f s; Rje; j pukhdJk; epahakhdJkhf ,lk; n gWk; vd eP q ; f s; epidf; f pwP h ; f sh?  

cq;fsJ Ntl;ghsiuj; njhpT nra;Ak; NghJ> ePq;fs; fUj;jpy; nfhs;Sk; kpfTk; Kf;fpakhd tplak; vd;d?   r%f Nritapyhd <LghL/ fpuhk mgptpUj;jp –  26.4% Neh;ikahd nghUj;jkhd Ntl;ghsh;fs; ey;y nfhs;iffSld; –  26.1%  

Ma; T Kiwik
 
,f; fUj;Jf; fzpg;ghdJ tl khfhzj;jpy; gjpTnra;ag;gl;l 617 thf;fhsh;fSf;fpilNa elhj;jg;gl;lJ. gjpyspj;jth;fspy; 54.5% Mz;fSk; 45.5% ngz;fSk; mlq;Fth;. ,jd; khjphp guk;gyhdJ tl khfhzj;jpy; 5 khtl;lq;fis (aho;g;ghzk;> Ky;iyjPT> fpspnehr;rp> tTdpah> kd;dhh;) cs;slf;fpapUe;jJld; rdj;njhif tpfpjhrhu khjphpapid 2010 tl khfhz njhifkjpg;G mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. ,d tpfpjhrhukhdJ fzf;fplg;gl;lJ khjphpg; guk;gypd; khtl;lq;fSf;fpilNaahFk; mj;Jld; xt;nthU khtl;lq;fspYk; Njh;jy; njhFjp vOkhwhfj; njhpT nra;ag;gl;lJ. xt;nthU njhpT nra;ag;gl;l Njh;jy; njhFjpapYk; 60 gjpyspg;gth;fs; mq;F jw;NghJ fhzg;gLk; epiyikfs; fhuzkhf ];NdhNghy; Kiwapidg; gad;gLj;jp njhpTnra;ag;gl;ldh;. vt;thwhapDk; Njh;jy; njhFjpfs; njhpT nra;Ak; tiuapy;> vOkhw;whd khjphp Kiwfs; gad;gLj;jg;gl;ld. ntspf;fs Ntiyfs; 11 ntspf;fs Ma;thsh;fspdhy; 5-15 Mf];l; 2013 tiu elhj;jg;gl;lJ.

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