MANGROVES

Hiroko H

What are mangroves?
• Trees or plants that are highly adaptive to extreme conditions • Usually found along coastlines between land and sea where other plants cannot grow

Why are they important?
They are one of the most productive ecosystems on the planet • Protects the coastline: prevents coastal erosion, floods and even tsunamis by slowing down the flow of water • Act as a pollution filtering system • Nursery/Breeding grounds for various species, including: fish, shrimp, prawns, crabs, shellfish and snails • Nesting sites for birds, habitat for monkeys, lizards, sea turtles etc • Diet for bats (Mangrove blossoms and fruit)

A mangrove stand of 30 trees per 0.01 hectare with a depth of 100 m can reduce the destructive force of a tsunami by up to 90%. (wetlands)

Problem
Mangrove forests are one of the most threatened habitats in the world today • We have lost half of the world's original mangrove forests (32 million hectares gone forever)

Why? • Shrimp farms • Wood extraction • Climate Change • Industrial Development (Tourism)

YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE

Bibliography
• http://floridakeys.noaa.gov/plants/mangroves.h tml • http://whataremangroves.com/what-aremangroves/ • http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/mangrove_fo rests.htm • http://www.wetlands.org/?TabId=2730 • http://www.mbgnet.net/salt/sandy/mangroves. htm

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