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A. Welsh. —D. Obrycki. All rights reserved. Lepidopterists’ Society of Africa. PA. Ecuador. Dilshan Madawala. Adrian Hoskins. Brazil. South African Nursery Assoc.2. Carlisle. ButterflyCorner. England. Tim Loh. University of Kentucky. San Francisco. Nicholas School of the Environment. Steve Woodhall. The illustrations in this book were rendered in watercolor. Gareth S. photographer. LearnAboutButterflies. Jean-Claude Petit. Conservation of Butterflies in South Africa. Pippen. Australia. p. Stockton-on-Tees.chroniclekids. South Africa. California 94107 www. Chronicle Books LLC 680 Second Street. Hampshire. Lizanne Whiteley.78’9—dc22 2010008548 Book design by Sara Gillingham. Malaysia. editor. Dongguan. Andr Victor Lucci Freitas.For my Sri Lankan friend and diviner of codes. S o Paulo. John J. Linden Gledhill. Dianna Hutts. Germany. South African Butterfly Conservation Assessment. Panang Butterfly Farm. Butterfly World. Melani Hugo. Butterflies—Juvenile literature. University of Turku. Nicky Davis. For my father—Frank J. Niklas Wahlberg. A butterfly is patient / by Dianna Aston . Wiedenmann. Jr. Dept. © © Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Aston. Chair. Manufactured by Toppan Leefung. Finland. Illustrations 2011 by Sylvia Long. illustrated by Sylvia Long.—the blue-eyed sailor. University of Arkansas. for their wisdom and dedication to quality in children’s books. Thomas Neubauer. Universidade Estadual de Campinas. and Sara Gillingham. Title. ISBN 978-0-8118-6479-4 1.net. of Biology. of Entomology. England. Gauteng. Jeffrey S. Robert N.A87 2011 595. Butterflies of Sangau National Park. of Entomology. QL544. Among other things. Wild Utah Project.com. Dept. Sylvia. Museum Victoria’s Discovery Centre. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without written permission from the publisher. Victoria. China. Da Ling Shan Town. who is my source for all things wise and wonderful.com .. Silvia Mecenero. Dept. B lu e-E yed S a il o r ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: Victoria Rock. in December 2010 1 3 5 7 9 10 8 6 4 2 This product conforms to CPSIA 2008. I. Teh Su Phin. —S. Duke University. book designer. L. II. Butterflies and Moths. he taught me the value of an interest in the natural world and our place in it. cm. President. Long. Halmar Taschner. Philadelphia. Handlettered by Anne Robin and Sylvia Long. Butterfly Garden at Ludwig’s Rose Farm. British Columbia. Canada Text 2011 by Dianna Aston.

Sp ot te d F r ll i ti ar y D ia nn a t Hu ts on Ast Sylvia Long .

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tiny. Gr ea Pu t rp le H airstreak . . hungry to grow. protected from rain. until the caterpillar inside chews free from its egg-casing.It begins as an egg beneath an umbrella of leaves. wingless. hidden from creatures that might harm it . .

A caterpillar feeds on leaves. It can grow up to 30. eating so much that it must molt. AR 26 S T IN S T A 1 AYS 15 D S AY 21 D 5T R H IN DA ST YS PR EPUP A 3R D IN ST A R . or shed its skin.000 times larger than it was when it took its first bite. many times.

om C m eye Buck n o 38 D A YS 38 M A D A Y S : T U R E P U 2 6 N D E A Y S : PA W PU A P Once a caterpillar has eaten all that it needs. it is growing wings. Now it is time for metamorphosis. changing from one form to another. NE WL RGED Y EME . it creates a protective covering called a chrysalis. Curled inside the chrysalis.

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like bees. This is called pollination. then fall away onto other flowers. help pollinate plants so that they can reproduce. Seeds are only produced when pollen is transferred between flowers of the same species. . As a butterfly flits from flower to flower. or make seeds. tiny grains of pollen cling to its body. sipping nectar.Butterflies.

O w l Pea coc Butterflies use their wings to protect themselves from predators such as hungry birds. lizards. Scientists don’t know what they are used for—perhaps to scare away predators or attract mates! k . Some butterflies have markings on their wings called eyespots. and other insects.

One kind of butterfly. . the peacock butterfly. or hide. themselves in the environment. makes a hissing sound by rubbing its wings together when it is alar med.Or an ge Oa kl e f a Wings can help butterflies camouflage.

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Monarchs. whites. and pipevine swallowtails eat poisonous plants as caterpillars so that they become poisonous as adults. and blacks—tell predators that they are poisonous or bad-tasting. Birds and other insects have learned not to eat them! ar ch . wanderers. reds. oranges.M on The warning colors of some butterflies’ wings—yellows.

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