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Turkish Cases

Turkish Cases

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Published by Cristina Tintareanu
Turkish Cases
Turkish Cases

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Published by: Cristina Tintareanu on Sep 15, 2013
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07/21/2015

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Cases Cases are familiar to some languages such as Latin, German, Polish or Finnish.

However, if your native language is English, it may be difficult to learn cases immediately. But, if you use and/or study Turkish, you will understand the importance of case. In Turkish, prepositions like "to", "from", "at","in" etc. do not exist. Instead, case suffixes are employed. e, i ö, ü a, ı o, u ev "house" Yalın Hal bahçe "garden" "Nominative" İlgi Hali "Genitive" -(n)in -(n)ün -(n)ın -(n)un bahçe "garden's" Belirtme Hali bahçeyi "(the) garden (as -(y)i -(y)ü -(y)ı -(y)u "Accusative" an object)" Yönelme Hali -(y)e -(y)e -(y)a -(y)a bahçeye "to garden" "Dative" Bulunma Hali -de -de -da -da bahçede "in garden" "Locative" Ayrılma Hali -den -den -dan -dan bahçeden "from garden" "Ablative" Eşitlik Hali "Essesive" -ce -ce -ca -ca bahçece "as a garden" İlgi Hali "Instructive" -(y)le -(y)le -(y)la -(y)la bahçeyle "with garden" İlgisizlik Hali -siz -süz -sız -suz bahçesiz "without garden" "Abbesive" araba "car" araba "(a) car" arabanın "car's" araba yı "(the) car (as an object)" arabaya "to car" arabada "on car" arabadan "from car" arabaca "as a car" arabayla "with car" arabasız "without car"

Example
Kitap okuyorum. "I'm reading a book." Nominative Kitabı okuyorum. "I'm reading the book." Accusative Evin kapısı. "House's door." Genitive Eve gidiyorum. "I'm going to house." Dative Evde bekliyorum."I'm waiting in house" Locative Evden geldim. "I came from house." Ablative Arabayla gidiceğiz. "We will go with car." Instructive Arabasız gidemeyiz. "We can't go without car." Abbesive Suffixes attached to the names (people, cities, countries) are preceded by an ' . Ali => Ali'ye (to Ali, male name) Tarkan => Tarkan'a (to Tarkan, male name)

I am going to Turkey => Türkiye'ye gidiyorum.Ayşe => Ayşe'ye (to Ayşe. I am going to Ankara => Ankara'ya gidiyorum. yi. i. -e) and accusative (ı. girl name) Sibel => Sibel'e (to Sibel. -ye) and (yı. The genitive case requires an additional n in words ending with a vowel as in: Ayşe'nin (Ayşe's) => Ayşe'nin babası (Ayşe's father) Ali'nin (Ali's) => Ali'nin annesi (Ali's mother) Atilla'nın (Atilla's) => Atilla'nın abisi (Atilla's [elder] brother) Arto'nun (Arto's) => Arto'nun ninesi (Arto's grandmother) Hüsnü'nün (Hüsnü's) => Hüsnü'nün evi (Hüsnü's house) . ü) case suffixes require a buffer consonant y in words ending with a vowel and become (-ya. yu. => Halıyı alıyorum. Türkiye'ye (to Turkey). halıyı (the carpet). I am buying the carpet. yü) respectively as in: Ankara'ya (to Ankara). u. girl name) The dative (-a.

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