Cyclic prefixes are way of fighting the Inter Symbol Interference (ISI) that may occur in multipath environments

where transmitted signals arrive at the receiver with different delays.

CP consists of a copy of the last part of a symbol shape for the duration of a guard time and adding it to the beginning of the symbol.

This guard time needs to be long enough to capture all the delayed multipath signals and avoid ISI at the receiver

CP is used by the receiver to detect the start of symbol due to the high correlation between the CP and the last part of the symbol that precedes.

After this, the receiver can start with the decoding. Cyclic prefixes are way of fighting the Inter Symbol Interference (ISI) that may occur in multipath environments where transmitted signals arrive at the receiver with different delays.

CP consists of a copy of the last part of a symbol shape for the duration of a guard time and adding it to the beginning of the symbol.

This guard time needs to be long enough to capture all the delayed multipath signals and avoid ISI at the receiver

CP is used by the receiver to detect the start of symbol due to the high correlation between the CP and the last part of the symbol that precedes.

After this, the receiver can start with the decoding.

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