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Set No. 1

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) With suitable diagram explain any method of digital to analog conversion. (b) What are the diﬀerent types of sampling operations? explain each of them. [8+8] 2. (a) Given that the z-transform G(z ) = (b) i. F (s) =

2(s+1) s(s+5) −t z (z −0.2) . 4(z −0.8)(z −1)

Find the sequence g(kT).

ii. f(t) =te

[8+8]

3. The block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 3, where . Gp (s) = s(sK +5)

Figure 3 Determine the range of K for the system to be asymptotically stable.

[16]

4. Compare the characteristics of time-domain responses of continuous - time and discrete - time systems. [16] 5. The open loop transfer function of a unity - feedback digital control system is given K (z +0.5)(z +0.2) . Sketch the root loci of the system for 0< K < ∞. as G(z ) = ( z −1)(z 2 −z +0.5) Indicate all important information on the root loci. [16] 6. A block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 6. Design a PID controller D(z), to eliminate the steady-state error due to a step input and simultaneously realizing a good transient response, and the ramp-error constant Kv should equal 5. [16]

Figure 6 1 of 2

Observable.Code No: RR420201 7... ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 0 0 −1 .C= 1 0 0 1 is [10+6] 2 of 2 . Find the complete response of the system 0 1 1 u(k ). x(k ) + x(k + 1) = 1 0 −1 if u(k) = 1 for k = 0... (b) Examine whether the discrete data system X(k + 1) = AX(k) + BU(k) 1 −2 .2.B= Y(k) = CX(k) where A = 1 −1 i. State controllable and ii. 1 x(0) = 1 −1 [16] 8. Set No. (a) Derive the necessary condition for the digital control system X(k + 1) = AX(k) + Bu(k) Y(k) = CX (k) to be Controllable.1.

Draw the Nyquist plot and determine its stability. Figure 4 Also obtain the values of the output voltage at sampling instants of e(kT) = kT for k ≥ 0. (b) State and explain the theorem required to satisfy to recover the signal e(t) from the samples e∗ (t). f (t) = t sin(ωt) 3. 2 IV B. Find the range of K for the system shown in Figure 3 to be stable. May 2008 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Derive the diﬀerence equation describing the system dynamics when the input voltage is pieceswise constant. [16] 5. i. e(t) = e(kT) when kT ≤ t < (k + 1) and T = 1 Sec. [8+8] [16] Figure 3 4. Consider the system shown in Figure 4. F(s)= s2 (s +1) ii. (b) Find the z-Transforms of the following: 1 i. 1)(z −0.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations. 1 of 2 . [8+8] 2.e.. (a) With suitable block diagram explain the general sampled data control system.7.905) [16] 6.Code No: RR420201 Set No. Consider the system shown in Figure 6 and design lead compensator Gc (z) in w’plane for this system to meet the following speciﬁcations: (a) damping ratio =0. Consider the digital control system whose transfer function is given by 0. (a) State and prove ‘initial and Final’ values theorems.0952Kz GH (z ) = (z− .

4 sec. Also ﬁnd its state transition matrix. (b) A digital control system is described by the state equation 1 0. and (c) Velocity error constant Kv = 2sec−1 . (a) State and explain the Liapunov stability theorems for linear digital control systems.. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8] 2 of 2 . y(k+2) + 3y(k+1) + 2y(k) = 5u(k+1) + 3u(k). Set No.Code No: RR420201 (b) Settling time.5 1 u(k ) X (k ) + X (l + 1) = 1 −1 −1 Find the Liapunov function and determine its stability with u(k)=0. Find state model for the following diﬀerence equation. ts =1. 2 [16] Figure 6 7. [16] 8.

where s+5) Gp (s) = K (s . Find −0. [6+5+5] 2.1 sec. (a) Describe the following parameters: i. Assume that T=sec. [16] 1 of 2 .2) [8+8] 3. May 2008 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. 3 IV B.904) is Gh0 Gp (z) = (z0 . (c) Derive the transfer function of zero order hold device. settling time (b) State and explain the sampling theorem. The open loop pulse transfer function of an uncompensated digital control system . The sampling period T is equal to 0. Acquisition time ii. The block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 3. 2 2 Figure 3 Determine the range of K for the system to be asymptotically stable.905)(z −0. Figure 2a (b) Find the inverse z-transform of the following function .Code No: RR420201 Set No. [16] 4.0.0453(z +0.819) the time response and steady state error of the system to a unit step input. Aperture time and iii. (a) Obtain the z transform of the curve x(t) shown in Figure 2a. F(z)= (z−1) z(z .Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations.

The sampling period T is 1 sec. 3 5. [16] Figure 7 8. 2 −z +0.5) . Also the design procedure of PID controller.feedback digital control system is given Kz as G(z ) = (z−1)(z Sketch the root loci of the system for 0< K < ∞. Indicate all important information on the root loci.5 1 u(k ) X (k ) + X (l + 1) = 1 −1 −1 Find the Liapunov function and determine its stability with u(k)=0.Code No: RR420201 Set No. [16] 6. (a) State and explain the Liapunov stability theorems for linear digital control systems. [16] 7. Also obtain the state transition matrix. Obtain a state space representation of the system given in Figure 7. The open loop transfer function of a unity . ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8] 2 of 2 . Derive the pulse transfer function of digital PID controller. (b) A digital control system is described by the state equation 1 0.

in which Gp (s) = s2 +2s+2 and T = 1. The block diagram of a discrete . [16] 1 of 2 . (a) Find the Z-transform of the f(t) = e−αt t2 (b) Find the inverse Z-Transform of the F(z) = 3z 2 +2z +1 (z 2 −3z +2) (c) Explain the at least four properties of Z-transforms.2) on the root loci. Find c∗ [16] max and the sampling instant at which it occurs. The block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 3.data control system is shown in Figure 4. Compute and plot the unit step response c∗ (t) of the system. to eliminate the steady-state error due to a step input and simultaneously realizing a good transient response.5z +0. where s+5) Gp (s) = K (s . Sketch the root locus of a digital system indicating all the component information (z 2 +0. [5+5+6] 3.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations. (b) What do you mean by the problem of aliasing? How to overcome this? (c) Explain the advantages and disadvantages of digital control systems. 4 IV B. and the ramp-error constant Kv should equal 5. 2 Figure 3 Determine the range of K for the system to be asymptotically stable. given with G(z ) = (K . Design a PID controller D(z). May 2008 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1.0 sec. A block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 6. [16] 4.Code No: RR420201 Set No.5) 6. [16] z −1)(z 2 −z +0.[6+5+5] 2. Figure 4 5. (a) What are the diﬀerent types of sampling operations? Explain each of them.

. D = [1 0] is: [7+9] 2 of 2 .B= C(k) = DX(k) where A = −2 −2 i. 4 Figure 6 7. Output controllable and iii.. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 −1 .. State controllable ii.2. Find the complete response of the system 0 1 1 u(k ). (a) Explain the concept of controllability and observability of discrete time control system. Observable.. (b) Examine whether the discrete data system: X(k + 1) = AX(k) + Bu(k) 0 1 . x(k ) + x(k + 1) = 1 0 −1 if u(k) = 1 for k = 0. 1 −1 [16] x(0) = 8.Code No: RR420201 Set No.1.

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