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Set No. 2
IV B.Tech I Semester Examinations,May/June 2012 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS Electronics And Instrumentation Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ????? 1. Find the solution of the following difference equation: x(k +2) - 1.3 x(k + 1) + 0.4 x(k) = u(k) where x(0) = x(1) = 0 and x(k) = 0 for k < 0. For the input function u(k), consider the following two cases: u(k) = 1, K= 0,1,2 . . . . . . . . u(k) = 0, k < 0. 2. For the system defined by x1 (k + 1) 0 1 = −0.16 −1 x2 (k + 1) x1 (k) y(k) = 1 0 x2 (k)
 x1 (k) x2 (k) + 0 1 u(k)
assume that the outputs are observed as y(0)=1 and y(1)=2 and the control signals given are u(0)=2,u(1)=-1.Determine the initial state X(0) and also X(1) and X(2).  3. What are the two basic transformations used to convert an analog system transfer function to a digital system transfer function? Explain each procedure.  4. (a) State and explain the jury stability test. (b) Investigate the stability of the system shown in figure 1 for sampling period T = 0.4 sec using root locus technique. [8+8]
Figure 1: 5. The block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 2. Design a compensator D(z) to meet the following specifications: (a) Velocity error constant, Kv ≥ 4 sec., (b) Phase margin ≥ 400 and
8187) Design a dead beat response controller so that the output sequence C (KT) will follow a unit step input in minimum time.195)(z+2. Using the partial fraction expansion programming method.821) G P (z) = z(z−1)(z−0.  6.  ????? .Z . (b) X(Z) = Z -1(1 − Z−2 )/(1 + Z−2 ) using direct division method.1 )/(1 .5 rad. 2 Figure 2: (c) Band width =1. Obtain the inverse Z-transform of the following : (a) X(Z) = 1+Z −2 −Z (1−Z ) −1 −1  using inversion integral method. [4+6+6] 8.Code No: 07A71002 R07 Set No./sec. (c) X (Z) = Z -1 (0. obtain a state space representation of the following pulse transfer function Y (z) 1+6z −1 +8z −2 U (z) = 1+4z −1 +3z −2 . Consider the digital control system which has the controlled process described by 0. 7. obtain its state transition matrix.1 )2 using partial fraction expansion method.0125(z+0.368)(z−0.1 )(1 .8 Z .0.0. Hence.5 Z .5 .
0453(z+0.904) . [6+10] * [5+5+6]  [6+4+6] O > Figure 3: 6.905)(z−0. Obtain the state equation and output equation for the system defined by Y (z) z −1 +5z −2 U (z) = 1+4z −1 +3z −2 .0.819) the time response and steady state error of the system to a unit step input. Solve the following difference equation by using Z .  z+1 2. (a) Explain constant Frequency loci.5 sec. 4.1 c(k + 1) .1 sec. Determine the range of K.0.16 . Find the inverse Z -transform of: (a) F(z) = Z ( ZOH ) / ((Z . 3.2 c(k) = r(k + 1) + r(k) the initial conditions are c(0) = 0. Consider the system defined by G(z) = z2 +z+0. 5. 4 IV B. Find is GH 0 GP (z) = (z−0.transform method c(k + 2) . The sampling period T is equal to 0. (b) Consider the discrete .1)(Z 2 .2). for the system to asymptotically stable. Obtain the state space representations for this system in the following different forms: (a) Controllable canonical form (b) Obseravable canonical form and (c) Diagonal canonical form. (c) (Z 2 + 8Z + 12) / (Z 2 + 2Z + 3).data system as shown in figure 3 and assume its sampling period is 0. The open loop pulse transfer function of an uncompensated digital control system 0.  .Tech I Semester Examinations.May/June 2012 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS Electronics And Instrumentation Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ????? 1. (b) Z / (Z -1)(Z .Z + 1)). c(1) = 1 and r(k) = us(k).Code No: 07A71002 R07 Set No.
1 1 Determine the state feed back gain matrix K such that when the control signal is given by u(k)=-K x(k). Consider the system defined by 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 X (k + 1) = X (k) + 0 U (k).5 −0. (c) Transducer. 4 7.Code No: 07A71002 R07 Set No. −0.2 1.  8. (b) Sample and hold circuit. Explain the following with respect to digital control system configuration: (a) A/D and D/A conversion. (d) Different types of sampling operations. the closed loop system will exhibit the dead beat response to any initial state X(0). ?????  .
 3.  + Figure 4: 5.May/June 2012 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS Electronics And Instrumentation Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ????? 1. What are the popular methods used to find the inverse Z -transform? Explain briefly each of them with suitable example.Code No: 07A71002 R07 Set No. (b) Consider the discrete . With suitable diagram explain any two methods of digital to analog conversion.data system shown in figure 6 and assume that its sampling period is 0. Obtain a discrete time state model for the system. Compute and plot the unit step response c*(t) of the system.5 sec. [6+10] 2. The block diagram of a discrete .Tech I Semester Examinations.  4. The block diagram of a sampled data system is shown below in figure 4.data control system is shown in Figure 5. (a) Discuss the necessity of an observer in control systems. [6+10] .  O - Figure 5: 6. Determine the range of K for the system to be asymptotically stable. (b) Draw the block diagram of a reduced order observer and explain its advantages over full-order observer. 1 IV B. Find c max and the sampling instant at which it occurs. (a) Explain constant Frequency loci.5 sec. in which Gp(s) = 2(s+1) s(s+2) and T = 0.
x(k + 2) = x(k + 1) + x(k) Given that x(0) = 0 and x(1) = 1. ????? by the state equation. 0 1 0 1 B = −1 1 4 0 1 [6+10]  . Solve the following difference equation by Z transform method.Code No: 07A71002 R07 O Set No. (a) Explain the Duality between controllability and observability. 1 Figure 6: 7. (b) Consider that a digital control system is described 1 −2 3 2 x(k + 1) = A x(k) + B u(k) Where A = −1 1 Determine the controllability of the system. 8.
1. (a) Explain the concept of observability. −1 −3 2 determine the state controllability of the system.Code No: 07A71002 R07 Set No.May/June 2012 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS Electronics And Instrumentation Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ????? 1.Tech I Semester Examinations. f(t) = t2 . (b) Consider the discrete -data system shown in figure 7 and assume its sampling period is 0. B= . 3. (a) Explain the design procedure of digital PID controllers.3y(k+1) + 0.plane into the z . (b) Explain the limitations of Z-transforms. (b) State and explain the properties of the state transition matrix of discrete time system.12z −2 Assume any if necessary. [12+4] [8+8] C= 1 1 . Determine the range of K for the system to be asymptotically stable. [6+10] 4. (a) Obtain the Z-transform of: i. f(t)= e(−at) sinωt. 3 IV B. ii.5 sec. (b) Derive the pulse transfer function of PID controller. (a) Obtain a state space representation of the following system Y (z) z −1 +2z −2 U (z) = 1+0. (a) Write short notes on mapping of the left half of the s . 2.4y(k) = u(k) with y(k) = 0 for k<0 and y(0) = -1. [10+6] 6. x (k+1)=Ax (k)+Bu(k) y(k)= Cx(k) 0 1 1 where A = . [6+10] Figure 7: 5. y(1) = 1.7z −1 +0. obtain the solution if .plane. Given the difference equation y(k+2) . (b) Given the system.
3  7. (b) Briefly explain the design of digital control systems that must follow changing reference inputs. Draw the necessary block diagram for the control system and derive the observer error equation. (a) A state feed back control system has following system equations X(k+1) = GX(k) + HU(k) Y(k) = CX(k) U(k) = -KX(k) where K is state feed back gain matrix. applying observed-state feed back method. (a) Explain the digital implementation of analog controllers in detail. Draw necessary block diagram.Code No: 07A71002 ( (a) u(k) = ( (b) u(k) = 1 0 if k = 0 if k = 0 0 1 if k < 0 if k ≥ 0 R07 Set No. (b) Describe the three digital integration rules used for the digital implementation of controllers and explain bilinear transformation briefly. [8+8] 8. [8+8] ????? .
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