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The Oredigger - Issue 3 - September 16th, 2013

The Oredigger - Issue 3 - September 16th, 2013

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The Oredigger, Volume 93, Issue 3
The Oredigger, Volume 93, Issue 3

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THE OREDIGGER

The student voice of the Colorado School of Mines
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Volume 94, Issue 3 September 16, 2013
KATERINA GONZALES / OREDIGGER

News

Employers recruit Mines students

Features 4

Stargazing a fun, simple pastime

Sports 6

Floods devastate Oredigger career front range prospects bright
Katerina Gonzales Content Manager
Only a few months after bonedry conditions led to a myriad of wildfires all across Colorado, torrential rains and flooding struck the Front Range, leaving roads washed away and closed, basements underwater, tragic casualties, and hundreds unaccounted for. The significant precipitation fell over the course of less than a week. The disaster garnered national media attention. The worst of the disaster fell upon the Boulder area where, according to “The Denver Post,” flood waters reached an estimated 4.5 billion gallons by Friday. In Lyons, roads in and out of the town were unusable, and in Jamestown citizens had to be evacuated with helicopter. Downtown Evergreen was also seriously flooded and the South Platte’s rising in Aurora led to some raft rescues. Longmont, Greeley, Estes Park and other areas were also badly hit. The heavy rains Monday night through Thursday caused rivers to rise very quickly. For Golden residents, the peak height of Clear Creek as of Saturday was 6.75 feet, recorded Friday morning by the USGS. This was over two feet higher than the previous week. The flooding of the Clear Creek river plain was on the order of a five or tenyear flood, while some areas such as those near the Big Thompson River and Boulder Creek are of a 100-year flood scale, statistically meaning that a flood like this will not occur again for another 100 years. While Golden was not hit as hard as other areas, geohazards abounded near the Table Mountains and Clear Creek Canyon. Rockfall and landslides were a real threat, with one car-sized boulder rolling off of South Table Mountain, and debris flows excavating the highways west of Golden. North and South Table Mountain had waterfalls cascading down their mesas for a short time, as the earth had become over-saturated and water had nowhere to go but down. Road closures caused CSM to dismiss class Friday at 3PM, although road conditions were much worse Thursday. Golden’s most notable evacuation was of the Clear Creek trailer park, as the park is mere feet away from the creek’s rising banks. Citizens were cautioned against travelling in the Front Range area, and are warned to not go near the rivers or creeks, keeping safety as the top priority.

After several days of heavy rain, Clear Creek water levels are extremely high. Golden avoided most of the deadly flooding occurring along the front range, but faced flood and flash flood warnings.

Katerina Gonzales Content Manager
The monsoon-like conditions did not stop ambitious Mines students from filling Lockridge Arena at the annual Fall Career Day last week. “This is probably the soggiest Career Day ever,” said John Kuyt, a senior in Civil Engineering, “When I first came in, I walked around and talked with friends who are recruiting because that was when I had wet hair.” Director of Mines Career Center Jean Manning-Clark concurred, “Well, it’s definitely the wettest Career Day ever, though we have done it in a blizzard before.” Besides being the wettest, this year’s Fall Day also broke the record for most employers in the history of CSM career days. According to Manning-Clark, the official number of employers was 227, eight more than the previous year, which was the largest Career Day at that time. “This year we kind of just blew it away,” added Manning-Clark. There were also additional companies on the wait list and large areas for resume drops. “The companies are great this year. It’s been a great day. I walked up to Ball and there was no line, so I’ll take that as a sign,” said Sarah Ivey, a junior majoring in Engineering Physics. Besides stocking up on free company paraphernalia, CSM students flock to Career Day to

Lady Orediggers on winning streak

Opinion 7

Minds at Mines asks about the weather

search for an internship or a full-time job. Mines prides itself on graduating many students with summer experience, making graduates even more attractive to employers when the time comes to search for a full-time position. Ivey was one of many attempting to secure an interview for a summer internship, while graduating seniors were trying even harder to interview for companies where their career might start. Not only were the companies attractive to students like Ivey, but the students also stood out this Fall to the recruiters. “I am impressed with the students,” said Valerie Holt of Tenova, “There’s lots of great applications for interviews and I’m confident that we’ll be able to fill the spots.” Romica Williams from Bimbo Bakeries USA said, “The quality we get each year is always top of the line so we love coming here each year.” After securing that first full-time job, some Mines graduates return to where it all began and recruit at the Career Day. “Being at Career Day now is less stressful. It’s a good change. It’s also kind of fun to see everyone again,” said Chelsea Newgord, who graduated from CSM in 2012 and is now a geophysicist at SIGMA Integrated Reservoir Solutions. Recruiting will continue with info sessions and on-campus interviews. There will also be a smaller spring Career Day.

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Jacob Emmel, Staff Writer

Cambridge, United Kingdom - Researchers determined that the Issus genus of insects are the first living creatures whose bodies feature functioning gears. Located at the top of the insects’ back legs, these twenty micrometer long gears are capable of propelling the insect at a speed of over eight miles per hour in two milliseconds. Scientists explain that the gears developed to synchronize the Issus’ jumping movement at a higher speed than the nervous system could. The gears are not present throughout the insects’ lives, and after the final molting of the exoskeleton, they are not replaced, likely to prevent permanent damage as a result of a broken gear.

Pasadena, California, United States of America - NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory is testing a new camera that can choose its own scientific subjects. This camera, known as TextureCam, is meant to streamline the process of examining the surfaces of other planets and celestial bodies. It will map the surface that it is examining and prioritize geological features, in order to select the most significant ones to send back to Earth, thus removing the necessity of human controllers to examine every picture taken by a rover, significant or not. This will be especially beneficial for rovers travelling to further destinations, such as Europa, which would experience more significant delays with the current system.

Tempe, Arizona, United States of America - A study of the Sutter’s Mill meteorite suggests that there was a larger variety of extraterrestrial organic molecules available to the Earth in its early years than previously thought. By hydrothermally treating meteorite fragments, scientists at Arizona State University were able to simulate early Earth conditions, which caused the release of complex oxygen-rich compounds including polyethers of “definite prebiotic interest.” These findings give greater insight into the organic compounds produced outside of Earth, as well as to how they may have influenced early molecular evolution on the planet.

Alexander Island, Antarctica - Scientists discovered diverse microbial life in Antarctica’s Lake Hodgson. Researchers from the British Antarctic Survey drilled through the lake’s ice covering to its bottom, approximately 205 feet below the surface, to take 12.5 feet of samples. These samples contained a variety of microbial life and fossils dating back thousands of years. The researchers identified many known microbes from the samples; however, about twenty-three percent of those found were determined to be previously unidentified bacteria. Further analysis of the samples and other subglacial lakes aims to explore how life adapted to the extreme conditions and determine if these conditions could exist on other planets.

Oredigger Staff
Deborah Good Editor-in-Chief Emily McNair Managing Editor Taylor Polodna Design Editor Connor McDonald Webmaster Lucy Orsi Business Manager Arnaud Filliat Copy Editor Katerina Gonzales Content Manager Jared Riemer Content Manager Karen Gilbert Faculty Advisor

Headlines from around the world
Emily McNair, Managing Editor
In New York City, police trying to apprehend a man running through traffic accidentally shot two women. One of the women was grazed by a bullet; the other was sent to the hospital with nonlife-threatening injuries. The police did apprehend the 35-year-old man after tasing him. A fire engulfed the Seaside Heights and Seaside Park boardwalk on Thursday. 400 firefighters worked to put out the blaze, which damaged many businesses rebuilt after Hurricane Sandy. New Jersey Governor Chris Christie is working with the Economic Development Authority to get funds to repair the famous location. The cause of the fire is still under investigation. JAXA, Japan’s space agency, launched a new rocket. The Epsilon carried a new space telescope that will observe Venus, Mars, and other planets. This telescope, the Sprint-A, orbits the Earth 620 miles above its surface. The new rocket costs half as much as its predecessor, the M-5. It also utilizes artificial intelligence so that it requires fewer personnel a launch. The M-5 required 150 people; the Epsilon rocket only requires eight. Italian officials have approved a salvage operation on the Costa Concordia. The ship hit rocks and fell on its side in January 2012. This large operation hopes to pull the ship upright, but faces several challenges. The largest challenge facing the engineers is the ship’s proximity to land. To date, the salvage project has cost $800 million, and the costs are expected to rise dramatically by completion. Japan shut down reactor 4 at Ohi on Monday. This was the last nuclear reactor online in the country. Since the meltdown at Fukushima, citizens have turned against nuclear power. Due to public pressure, nuclear power plants have to go through many legal hurdles to restart their reactors after performing maintenance. Currently, 12 of Japan’s 50 nuclear reactors have applied to restart. Until those applications are approved, the country relies on imports of coal, natural gas, and other fuel to fulfill its energy needs. Syria has agreed to hand over its chemical weapons. The country must provide an inventory of their stockpile within a week and the weapons will be destroyed by mid-2014. Syria will also join the Chemical Weapons Convention. Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov came to the agreement on Saturday after several days of talks in Geneva. The UN, China, the UK, and France approve of this agreement as well. If Syria does not stand by this agreement, the UN may authorize force.

Local News
In a landmark vote, citizens recalled two Democratic state senators. 51 percent of voters in Colorado Springs voted to recall John Morse. Republican Bernie Herpin, a former Colorado Springs councilman, will be taking his place. In Pueblo, 56 percent of voters wanted to recall Angela Giron. Republican George Rivera, a former Pueblo police officer, will take her place in the state legislature. A suicidal woman in Santa Ana, California alerted police to two dead children in a hotel room. The woman crashed her car in a supermarket parking lot. When police arrived, they suspected another crime had occurred. The police went to check on the welfare of the children and found their bodies. The Colorado State Rams defeated Cal Poly on Saturday in their first game of the season. Garrett Grayson threw two touchdowns. Linebacker Shaq Barrett blocked two field goals and Jared Roberts converted two field goals. Klondike, a polar bear raised at the Denver Zoo in 1993, has died at SeaWorld in Orlando, Florida. Zoo officials sent Klondike and his sister, Snow, to the zoo in 1995 when the Denver Zoo could not provide them permanent housing. Colorado State University is asking residents for help in determining the amount of rainfall that fell from September 8-16. They are collecting rain gauge measurements from local and federal agencies as well as volunteers. However, even with this data, they do not have measurements from many flood-stricken areas. Rain gauge measurements, stories, and photos to document this storm can be sent to coflood2013@gmail.com.

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EPICS 2 abroad offers broader perspective
Helen Ringle Staff Writer
cause the projects weren’t ”drawn out‚“ through an entire semester and the students could devote all of their time to their projects. One of the biggest highlights of this trip was a weekend at a surf camp. Even though it was winter in Australia,the temperatures were in the high 60’s to low 70’s. The students also took a few trips up to Sydney. Carathryn Beutel shared her testimony about her experience: “Taking EPICS 2 in Australia

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Club Spotlight: Judo
Taylor Smith Staff Writer
and a two-time graduate of the Colorado School of Mines. A little known fact about the Frustrated students can throw CSM Judo Club is that it has a fellow classmates on the floor in a history of doing really well in comcontrolled environment as a part petition. In the past, the club had of the Mines Judo club. Judo has students compete successfully at COURTESY FRANKLINBALDO the national level. been around for At the 2013 Naover a century tional Collegiate with its origins Judo Championin Japan. Judo ships the men’s manipulates the team placed third, weight of one’s while in the 2012 opponent, using championships, a it against them Mines woman won to throw the opfirst in her division. ponent to the The club even had ground in compea student who was tition. As a martial once a member of art, Sensei Rich the USA Judo JuMignogna connior World Team. siders Judo to Earlier this year in be a great athMarch the Judo letic endeavor in club was featured which size does in an article in the not matter. Judo USA Judo newsclub president, letter. Alex Golden, reaParticipants sons that Judo in Judo have an is a sport where excellent opporeven the “smalltunity to meet est girl can throw new people while the biggest, being physically toughest, bouncactive and studyer guy with the right technique.” Judo has been ing a well-respected martial art around Mines about as long as throughout the world. President it has been an Olympic sport, or Alex Golden also believes it gives since the middle of the twentieth him “a huge boost in confidence.” century. The club is active on and For those interested in joining, the off throughout the years and has Judo Club meets Mondays and participants of varying levels of Wednesdays from 6pm to 8pm in experience from beginners to the the second floor basketball gym more advanced. The Judo club in the Student Recreation Center. is instructed by Sensei Rich Mig- Everyone of all skill levels is welnogna, a sixth degree black belt come.

as engineers by performing an energy audit on a building in the University of Wollongong’s InnovaLast summer some students tion Campus. We also got to exchose to take a summer course perience some Aussie culture by thousands of miles from home. eating Vegemite, learning how to These students went to the Universurf, and feeding kangaroos. This sity of Wollongong (UoW) in Aushas been an amazing experience tralia to tackle a sustainable design that I would recommend to any project, evaluating the energy usstudent.” age of a 180-person residence hall, However, not everything was and making feasible recommendaperfect. “I wish I had gone to the tions to increase its energy effiGreat Barrier Reef, gone to the ciency. They also toured COURTESY CARRIE SONNEBORNOutback or saw anUoW’s newly constructother city,” said Wiled Sustainable Buildliam Siirola. “Overall, I ings Research Center would give the whole (SBRC), a net-zero enexperience 9.5/10, ergy building that, over and I know when they its lifetime, will produce do this class again as much or more enernext year it will be gy than it takes to build much better. The flight and operate. was 15 hours long, Mines students had non-stop from LA to the unique opportunity Sydney. And don’t fly to work with students United, fly QUANTAS. and professors from all They treat you much over the world. “Some better.” When asked if of the professors from he would recommend the University of Wollontaking this course in gong were from Asia. It Australia if it were ofwas a challenge trying CSM students complete EPICS requirement abroad. fered again, William to understand them Siirola said, “I would because not only did they have has been one of the best academic highly, highly recommend it. The an Asian accent when they spoke decisions I have made. Living in an trip was expensive. You had to pay English, but they had an Australian international dorm and working in for tuition (3 credits), plus airfare, accent on top of it,” said Nicole groups with Australian students room and board, and you needed Neals. Aside from getting first- has been a great learning experi- spending money, but it was worth hand global experience, students ence, preparing me to work in the every penny. And if I could talk to a also felt that this three-week ver- global job market. We got to see freshman right now, I would say to sion of EPICS 2 was effective be- what we might be doing later on do it now.”

CSM Geology Museum: campus highlight
John Bristow Staff Writer
Beyond conventional resources, the Colorado School of Mines has a small set of off the beaten path collections and campus resources. While it is hardly small by any means, the Colorado School of Mines Geology Museum is JOHN BRISTOW / OREDIGGER more than just a stop for an Earth and Environmental Systems lab. The museum was started in 1874 by Arthur Lakes. It began as a small mineral collection that could be examined by prospectors and miners heading up to the gold rich hills to the west. In the 139 years since its establishment, the museum has had pieces The Geology Museum is CSM’s best kept secret. It has an extendisplayed in sive collection of minerals from all across the world and the solar the Chicago World’s Fair, it system. riety of gemstones. has hosted several moon rocks, play in the past few weeks. In line with the theme of the One of the most important and has moved from building to building to its current location in Gem and Mineral Show, one of facets of the museum extends the General Research Lab on the the major exhibits put on display beyond showcasing some of the is an exceptional variety of tour- best mineral specimens from Colnorthern edge of campus. Every fall the museum hosts malines from around the world. orado and around the world. The an open house in conjunction Also new to the museum are col- museum functions as a learning with the Denver Gem and Mineral show. Collectors and dealers from the Denver area and beyond show up, and 2013 was no exception. Curator Dr. Bruce Geller took this time to thank all of the current donors, volunteers, and student employees for their work and to introduce the newest exhibits that have been put on dislections featuring rhodochrosite, pyrite, specimens from Cripple Creek, and fluorite specimens found by local collectors. Those visiting the library will notice that the large safes that display gold specimens have been relocated to the museum, where they now show off the gold as well as a vaexperience for local schools. the world. Throughout the year, school Since the museum serves as groups visit the museum and are one of Colorado’s main storage given tours over-viewing the his- facilities for minerals from a varitory of the Earth and the local ety of collections, it is no surprise geological history. Beyond the that there are more than a handmuseum, the outreach extends to ful of extremely unique pieces mineral kits that are loaned out to and artifacts. Collections Managschools and occasionally guest ers Ed Raines and Tom Hughes lectures are given elsewhere. “It put in new minerals with a fervent is a great idea,” said student aide drive to showcase the best speciKelsey Lewis, “students get to mens. see actual bits of A l m o s t “The museum provides weekly, geology beyond a new textbook and a lecspecimens are a fantastic variety ture, it really helps put on display make the earth sciof different miner- so it is always ences accessible.” worth returnThe museum also als from all over the ing. Of note are has a geology trail the Apollo moon which gives an ex- world, it is a cool mu- rocks, one of cellent overview which is on loan of Golden geology seum,” stated Franke, from NASA, and that can be visited the other, which “plus it’s free.” any time. is from the state. Classes at Student Aide Colorado School of Mines also Charlotte Adams explained her have labs and assignments to be favorite current piece, “The rhocompleted in conjunction with the dochrosite chess set is really museum. Freshmen Lexie Lude- cool, it shows that variety of piecman and Michelle Franke, who es that can be on display.” Also recently visited with the Earth on display is the Miss Colorado and Environmental Systems class tiara, which is awarded to Miss both gleefully expounded on the Colorado every year. qualities of the museum. “The Looking to the future, there museum provides a fantastic va- are many changes that are beriety of different minerals from all ginning to take place. Curator over the world, it is a cool mu- Bruce Geller is in anticipation of seum,” stated Franke, “plus, it’s a new gift shop for the museum free.” “Oh my gosh,” responded which will have a wide variety of Ludeman, “I am so glad it is free, specimens for sale. Also on the I would be spending so much horizon is a potential coffee table money here.” The museum also book which will highlight some of sees many visitors from around the best specimens.

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The Stars Above Mines - Stargazing tips
John Bristow Staff Writer
It has been astronomically tragic that for the past week the skies were clouded over the Mines campus. That means now that the skies are clear, it is the perfect time to get re-acquainted with the stars. Stargazing is one of the easiest activities around, at a basic level there is no need for complicated instruments, arduous classes, and hours of travel to attempt it. All a stargazer needs is a patch of sky and a bit of imagination to partake in an activity as old as humanity. Of course that doesn’t mean that there aren’t ways to make the experience better, but the fundamentals are there if the sky is open. For amateurs and professionals alike, one of the first ways to improve stargazing is with binoculars. Telescopes may be good for finding certain stars and distant nebulae, but nothing gives the big picture like binoculars. Since the optics of a set of binoculars allows for the light to be condensed down, structures like the Pleiades become all the more vibrant. Most telescopes would not have the capability to see these amazing structures in one single view. To know where to point the binoculars is another important step to a good experience. There are plenty of forums online that can serve as guides to the skies, pointing newcomers in the right direction for easy and spectacular views. Still, it never hurts to have a planisphere to serve as a physical map. Planispheres come in all shapes and sizes, so it is crucial to get one for the observing latitude, or else the stars that are above will not match what is on the paper. It is important to remember that stargazing is not an immediate activity. There is an acclimation time that is necessary to see the best stars. Even astronomers with big telescopes need to sit with them for a few minutes before the true power of a telescope can be seen. When stargazing with reference material, it is best to use a light which is red, or to use a phone app that will shine a red light. White light washes out the stars and many stargazing events have been ruined by careless members who bring normal flashlights. The red allows for materials to be seen, and since most objects in the sky are not red, it does not wash out the stars. There are many stories of foolhardy amateurs that run off and buy the biggest priciest scope that they can afford only to find that they do not know how to use it. It is much cheaper, and significantly less stressful to go out with a few friends to a dark hill and just look up. No fancy instruments needed. Just remember, if several millennia of humans could look up and find inspiration and awe with just their eyes, nothing is stopping even the newest members of the hobby from having a great time.
ALEC THOMPSON / OREDIGGER

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photo machines inside of train stations. She grows to have feelings for him, but is unable to confront him or her feelings because of her shyness. Amélie, originally titled Le FabuEventually she grows to overcome leux Destin d’Amélie Poulain in this and becomes able to attempt to French, is a whimsical romantic love again by the film’s conclusion. comedy set in Montmartre, France Amélie is a beautiful and whimsistarring Audrey Tautou and Macal romance that is everything a rothieu Kassovitz. It follows the life mantic comedy should be, and defiof a shy and somewhat reclusive nitely not another case of “will they waitress who goes around trying or won’t they with a few assorted to change the lives of those around sex jokes to keep the audience from her while attempting to deal with COURTESY JEAN-PIERRE JEUNET becoming bored and leavand understand her own ing” that has plagued the self-imposed isolation from genre for the last few deothers. Amélie has won cades. It also is centered several awards including around a woman who is Best Film at the European completely content with Film Awards, four César her life without romance awards, and two Britbut simply encounters ish Academy of Film and the idea and becomes Television Arts awards. happy to integrate it into It is also still the highest her existing life, rather than grossing French-language someone who is unsatisfilm released in the United fied without a relationship States. and is constantly seeking Amélie Poulain (Auone out. In addition to bedrey Tautou) was home ing somewhat unique for schooled by her emotiona romantic comedy, it is ally distant parents who heartwarming on its own. kept her away from other Anyone looking for a good children under an incorrect date movie, or just a movie diagnosis of a heart defect, that can scrub away cynileading her to live in a world cism on the heart while still of fantasy in order to cope being able to give a sarwith loneliness. Her mothdonic laugh should watch er then dies when a Cathis. Fans of the show nadian tourist falls on her “Pushing Daisies” will esduring the tourist’s suicide pecially enjoy this film as attempt, causing her father the creator of the show to become withdrawn from was heavily inspired by social life and even more Amélie to create the same emotionally isolated from spirit of whimsy and magic Amélie. As an adult, Amélie Audrey Tautou, French actress, was a sucin a more or less realistic is a shy waitress in a café cess in “The Da Vinci Code” and was no let non-fantasy setting. The in Montremont who has a down in this enduring French comedy. show’s creator, Bryan Fullfew regular and eccentric customers. Her life is mostly made with. Over the course of her adven- er has said of Amélie, “All the things up of small pleasures as she has tures she discovers an eccentric I love are represented in that movie,” given up on romantic relationships man named Nino Quincampoix and, “It’s a movie that will make me after several disappointments. In her (Mathieu Kassovitz) who collects the cry based on kindness as opposed apartment one night, she discovers discarded photographs of passport to sadness.”

Ramiro Rodriguez Staff Writer

French take on romantic Get the low-down comedy a sweet success on this tall drink
a small tin box full of children’s toys and photographs and decides to make it her personal mission in life to return this slice of childhood to whoever it once belonged too. After this reunion with a collection of things from his childhood, the box’s owner endeavours to reconnect with his estranged daughter and grandson. Amélie then decides to attempt to alter the course of the lives of the people around her to grant them the small happiness that she is content

Jessee Arnold Staff Writer

People in the market for a new, high quality water bottle or two, look to the stainless steel Klean Kanteen bottles, offered in several sizes and colors, from small bottles for children to large 64 ounce tankers. Klean Kanteen also makes fantastic vacuum insulated bottles in 12 and 20 ounce sizes. Arguably the nicest aspect of these bottles is that they are chemically clean and free of harmful toxins such as bisphenol A (BPA). This frees their owners from concerns present with plastic bottles. Another benefit of these robust bottles is that they are entirely reusable. There is no environmental guilt attached in using these bottles like with the cheap disposables. These durable bottles are built for years of use in any situation, from camping to day to day life. Specifically, the vacuum insulated bottle is very high performance. Utilizing the same wonderful technology as the Thermos brand, this bottle holds the temperature of its contents nearly constant for long periods of time;

according to the Klean Kanteen tests, cold contents are kept cold for up to 24 hours and hot contents for up to 6 hours. The insulated Klean Kanteen is perfect for any adventure. It could even keep ice cream cold through the heat of a summer hike. Or, it could keep hot chocolate through a long day of skiing in the dead of winter.. To keep up with the versatility of the modern adventurer, Klean Kanteen also makes a wide variety of tops for their bottles other than the wide mouth loop cap that can be purchased separately. For avid coffee drinkers, there is a sip lid. For those nostalgic about the bottles they drank from as kids, Klean Kanteen offers a straw-like sport cap for their narrow mouthed bottles and even a bamboo cap option. And for when after the adventure, Klean Kanteen also makes stainless steel cups so you can enjoy a nice cold drink and relax. So, when in need of high quality gear for any task, check out Klean Kanteen, and make a commitment to clean, reusable, and durable products. These drink containers serve the same purpose as plastic water bottles but do so with more efficiency and responsibly.

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Four upbeat albums to check out this week
John Bristow Staff Writer
Rather than review a new album, this week four extended play (EP) will be reviewed, some by artists that have had an album come out, and others that have albums on the way. “Haunt” by Bastille is a great EP. Though their follow up to this album has been released, Bastille put a good foot forward with “Haunt”. The first track, “Pompeii”, is clearly the focus of the EP, having gained an immense amount of radio play prior to the release of their main album, “Bad Blood.” The song is upbeat despite a message which is one of caution mixed with a bit of fear. While this song is upbeat and catchy, the following song, “Overjoyed,” is a much different emotion, serving as the opposite side of the coin from “Pompeii.” “Bad Blood” has a Gotye-like feel to it, being both a bit muddled but strong. The title track, “Haunt,” is probably the strongest song on the EP. Overall the EP is strong and serves as a good foot in the door. While “The Change” by Churchill has been out for a year now and the band has broken up, the EP serves as a good example of what an EP should be. Each of the five songs on the album is strong and brimming with passion. Since an EP should serve as the equivalent of a resume to the world of listeners, there is no purpose in putting out an EP with anything but the best, save a few surprises to make a main album sound genuine and new. The title track may serve as the focal song of the EP, but it would be wrong not to point out “Ark In A Flood,” which is passionate and chaotic. Other songs such as “Sing Out Your Love” and “Made a List” is enough to fulfill the need for strong songs while inducing a sense of sadness that the band is broken up. Lorde has also put a strong foot forward with “The Love Club.” The EP has a wonderful ability of putting childish concerns in a serious light and the highlight track, “Royals,” takes on the frivolity of modern teenage pop songs. Much like most EPs, “The Love Club” has a strong variation in sounds for the songs, though when compared to others, the EP does have a strong central message. Some of the tracks ask for improvement, but given the age of the artist, there is time for good changes to come. The best comparison to a well known artist who has released albums would be Florence and the Machine, though Lorde is much deeper. For those that enjoy slightly moody and mature-sounding songs with a bit of rebellious flare, this EP is worth the look. “A New Kind of House” by Typhoon has been in existence for well over two years, and it is quite possibly the best EP in recent history. Where most EPs showcase a few songs for an upcoming album, “A New Kind of House” serves as a background for “Hunger and Thirst,” which came out before the EP. Though the EP has some song overlaps with the album, the songs are done in a different style. On top of that, the album leads into the EP with the last few words of the album echoed in the first few seconds of the EP. The song combination of “The Honest Truth” and “Summer Home” is like a fine wine and cheese, if wine and cheese could make one feel overjoyed and relaxed at the same time. The songs are embold-

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ening and the EP firmly deserves to be a standard in music libraries.

COURTESY (CLOCKWISE FROM UPPER LEFT) BASTILLE, CHURCHILL, TYPHOON, AND LORDE

Faculty Spotlight: Dr. Becky Lafrancois
Zach Snyder Staff Writer
Everyone remembers being the “new kid” and his first day walking into preschool, or maybe that first day after a big move. Sometimes it is tough being a newcomer in an unknown environment. Dr. Becky Lafrancois, a Ph.D. in economics, is one of the newest additions to the Colorado School of Mines faculty and is in her first semester in teaching at Mines. As an economics professor coming to an engineering school such as Mines, there will be some transitions for Dr. Lafrancois, but with eager-to-learn students, the transition will be smooth. Lafrancois had a few things to say about her experience teaching at CSM to The Oredigger. [Oredigger]: Can you go a little into your background? Where did you go to school, what did you study, and when did you get your doctorate? [Lafrancois]: Sure, I did my undergraduate work at Bryant University which is a small college just outside of Providence, Rhode Island. There I studied finance and economics, though I was originally an actuary math major. That’s how I got into economics, with my strong math background. I found out I didn’t want to be an actuary so I said, “What do I want to do?” I thought it would be really cool to be a professor. It came down to choosing between teaching finance and teaching economics. I ended picking economics because you can apply it to all kinds of different areas, as opposed to just finance which is pretty narrow. I started looking for PhD programs in economics. At that time I was interested in studying education policy, and ended up in Syracuse University. I was there from 2005 to 2010 where I did both my Masters and PhD, which is in economics. While I was at Syracuse I changed my research focus to energy, so my dissertation looks at energy policy issues, dealing with investment and generation decisions that were made in the electricity sector and how different policies can influence those decisions. After that I went to Michigan Tech and was an assistant professor. Then I came here. What makes economics interesting to you? I went into economics because I think it’s a field that you can apply to any situation. From deciding if you want to go to class in the morning to looking at electricity sector decisions to looking at growth in the economy, it’s just a field that’s very versatile. What was the thought process of wanting to pursue higher education? Many students are unsure of what they want to do in the future: start working with a Bachelor’s, go to graduate school, etc. Can you explain the decision making on doing that? Maybe there’s a cost-benefit analysis involved? [Laughs], I actually did not do a cost-benefit analysis. I really knew that I wanted to be working in the academic environment, especially in higher education. For me to do that, I knew I had to get a Ph.D., or at the very least a Master’s. My decision at the time I thought was pretty straightforward. I said, “Okay, I want to do this” and went to grad school to be done with my Ph.D. by 27, then go start working. In retrospect, it might have been a good thing to go work for a couple of years. Whenever I talk to undergraduates who are looking to go to graduate school, I always present them with the option of taking a couple years and going to work, especially if they’re interested in doing a Ph.D. down the road. I think it’s very helpful to get an idea in what your true research interests are and also have the ability to pull that real life experience into the classroom. In light of the recent career fair, many students are scouring for possible internships. What advice do you have for them? Get one! Make sure your resume is formatted correctly. I know that sounds kind of stupid but it can make a big difference. Work on presenting yourself in a professional manner. When you’re competing against all kinds of people who have similar high GPAs and really good leadership experience then it really comes down to the little things-- not necessarily the font of your resume, but just making sure that everything looks good. More importantly, when you meet people, make sure you look them in the eyes and have a firm handshake. I think given that you’re competing against very strong candidates, the little things do make a difference. How many classes do you teach at Mines, and is it just the two sections of Principles of Economics, or are there more? This semester it’s just those two, but in the spring I’ll be doing a third class. What’s it like working with so many TAs? Is it like commanding a squadron of minions or is it perhaps less involved than that? I’m still learning. It’s kind of like being a manager. I’ve never had one TA before let alone ten. It’s been pretty interesting. I’m learning on the fly. What is the best part about teaching at Mines? I love working with students who are excited about learning. It’s nice to work at a place like Mines where everyone is a good student; it’s a lot of fun. What is your least favorite part about teaching at Mines? Well, teaching economics, most people think it’s the “easy subject” and while the principles level of economics might be not super technical, the higher levels of economics are more advanced. I really get annoyed when people sit around in class and just make fun of the theories we talk about. We cover both micro and macroeconomics in one semester so it’s difficult to go into the higher level issues. Are big 150-plus student lectures intimidating to handle, like walking into a big room with tons of people staring at you? I was so nervous the first day, but once I got up there I realized that if you can talk in front of five people you can talk in front of 300 people. One of the methods used to unify a big class in participation is through the “iclicker” questions. What are your thoughts on that system and how it is used at Mines? I like them. It forces you guys to work on a problem. If I just ask you to do a problem, you might just sit there and talk to your friends. For me as a professor I can look at the data and see that 90% of students got that right and I can move on. Whereas if there’s more division, I can spend more time on that question. It’s good for you guys because it gets you more involved than if I stood up there talking for 50 minutes, and it’s also good for me since I get involved as well.

The four EPs above boast a mixture of upbeat, strong, and passionate songs that should be standard in any music library.

As a teacher, you readily use Twitter for class information, send out constant email updates, and of course have access to the digital iclickers. What is it like using social media and other 21st century electronic assets to supplement teaching a college class? I just got my first smart phone yesterday! I’m still figuring out how to use it. I have a Twitter account that I haven’t tweeted on yet and I have a professor Facebook account which I haven’t really used either. It’s fun being able to integrate social media into the classroom but it’s also a little bit challenging to create this bridge between your personal social media and your professional social media, and where to draw the line between the two. That’s still a work in progress for me even though I grew up in the Facebook era. Favorite TV show? Chopped Favorite musician or artist? Led Zeppelin Favorite famous person? Martha Stewart, because she turned from going to jail to becoming really successful. Favorite place to eat? I like Middle Eastern restaurants, though I just moved here so I don’t have a local favorite yet. If you had to tell the whole population of Mines one useful tidbit of information, what would it be? Live life in a way that if you think you would have said, “I should have done that,” go do it. Don’t be one of those people who live their life saying, “I should have…” To follow that up, by the time I was 30 I hit six continents, meaning I accepted the different opportunities that came up.

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s p o r t s

september 16, 2013

Football puts up a fight
Hannah Max Rossi Staff Writer
field. As Carson-Newman made steady progress towards the end zone, Mines defense forced a fourth down near midfield. A controversial face mask call on Mines led to another touchdown for Carson-Newman during their second drive. With Mines offense heating up, quarterback, Matt Brown took advantage of the holes in the Carson-Newman defensive line with several long runs. However, Mines fans were disappointed when Brown threw an interception in the end zone, costing Mines possession of the ball and an additional touchdown. Defensively, Mines remained strong and held Carson-Newman to three touchdowns in the first half. Carson-Newman led 21-13 at the end of the first half. At the start of the third quarter, the offense almost slipped up when wide receiver, Jimmy Ellis, fumbled the ball on the CarsonNewman fifteen yard line. Fortunately, wide receiver Diamond Gillis recovered the ball and ran it in for the touchdown. Brown drove up the center for the successful two point conversion, firing up the Mines crowd and tying the game at 21. Carson-Newman kicker, Curt Duncan, hit a field goal from 26 yards with five minutes to go in the third quarter. With CarsonNewman leading by 3, their defense stopped Mines on the 29 yard line. Mines tied the score up at 24 with an Avery Lewellyn field goal from 23 yards, but with 5:39 remaining, Carson-Newman took the lead for good with a 38 yard field goal. With 59 seconds left, Lewellyn attempted a 46 yarder, but the kick fell short and ultimately so did the comeback. Mines defense kicked it into gear in the second half, only allowing Carson-Newman one field goal in the each of the last two quarters, while the offense matched the score. The game ended in a painful defeat 24-27. Despite suffering a loss, Mines fans remain optimistic. Mines put on a show both offensively and defensively. Matt Brown ran for a total of 133 yards in the game in addition to throwing for 332 yards. Mines defense also forced seven fumbles, recovering four of them in addition to three sacks. Mines also successfully converted three fourth downs. Next Saturday, Mines will play at Black Hills State.

The Game of the Century 2013
James Kergosien Staff Writer

disruptive, reactionary, and at times nonsensical. Alabama opened up a lead that After an offseason that can best reached 21 points by the start be described as “too **** long”, of the fourth, and seemed able football has returned to us at to move at will against the Aggie last. The final season of the Bowl defense. However, a fumble on Championship Series is underway, A&M’s goal line followed by a 95and true to form, a national title yard touchdown pass from Mancontroversy is brewing as usu- ziel got the Aggies right back in al, with Clemson, Oregon, Ohio it. A&M scored three touchdowns State, and the SEC West powers in the fourth quarter and was an eyeing their championship hopes onside kick away from potentially while Louisville looks on from the tying the game, falling just short outside. The elites jostle for posi- in a 49-42 thriller. However, Mantion and strut their resumes for the ziel utterly devastated the Tide’s press in the one sport where, in- vaunted defense, putting up 628 explicably, newspaper columnists’ yards of offense and scoring more opinions directly matter. points than any Tide opponent in However, we mustn’t get the Saban era. Alabama looked ahead of ourselves. This Sat- vulnerable earlier in the season urday provided an instant clas- against Virginia Tech, and this sic between two title contenders game did nothing to alter that and newfound rivals, Texas A&M perception. The Tide may need and Alabama. The Aggies, led to lean on veteran quarterback AJ by Jonathan “Johnny Football” McCarron to put up enough points “Johnny Heisman” “That Guy Who to win, which leaves Alabama vulConstantly Draws Condescend- nerable to a bad offensive game. ing Remarks From SportsCenter The Aggies, meanwhile, have efAnchors” Manziel, first freshman fectively lost their SEC title hopes, Heisman Trophy winner, who man- as Alabama would likely need to aged to eclipse lose two confereven Tim Tebow’s Alabama looked vul- ence games to alhigh bar for inceslow A&M back in sant media atten- nerable earlier in the the hunt. tion…ahem. AnyMeanwhile, way, the Aggies season against Virgin- across the world were seeking to of college football, defend their home ia Tech, and this game Oregon continued field against the to show its mustop-ranked jug- did nothing to alter cle, shaking off a gernaut Alabama start to run that perception..The slow Crimson Tide, up 59 points on who came into Aggies, meanwhile, an overmatched College Station Tennessee team. seeking revenge have effectively lost Ohio State rolled for their lone deagainst Cal, and feat in last year’s their SEC title hope. UCLA overcame national champian 18-point deficit onship campaign. to hammer NeThe hype was turbocharged, the braska. Arizona State escaped star power tangible, the atmo- with a controversial victory over sphere electric. And the game de- Wisconsin when a Sun Devil delivered on all of it. Manziel and Co. fender held onto the football after struck first, building a shocking a play with the clock running in the 14-0 lead on two almost-effortless final seconds, preventing Wiscontouchdown drives, and the near- sin from a clock-stopping spike record crowd at Kyle Field Home play; the officials failed to assess of the Twelfth Man (that may as a delay of game penalty and the well be the stadium’s official name) clock ran out on the Badgers in a was roaring its approval. Alabama game that called back memories began to show its teeth, however, of last season’s “Fail Mary” play at and a pair of Manziel intercep- the end of the Seahawks-Packers tions let the Tide go into halftime game. Aside from the headline with a two-touchdown lead. In the game, it was a fairly uneventful process, controversy erupted re- weekend in college football, and garding the NCAA’s new automat- next week seems likely to conic-ejection rule for targeted hel- tinue this trend; ESPN’s College met-leading hits, as the Alabama Gameday, for instance, will be safety Ha’Sean “HaHa” Clinton- travelling to Fargo, North Dakota, Dix was flagged for apparently in- to cover the high-profile Division cidental helmet-to-helmet contact 1-AA game between North Dakowith an Aggie receiver. The initial ta State and Delaware State. ejection ruling was overturned on As the season unfolds into replay, but the personal foul flag conference play, the national title stood. The safety rules evened picture will slowly become clearer. out in the end, however, as A&M Until then, there is always the arsuffered a similar personal foul in gument, the lobbying, the beauty the fourth quarter when a player pageant that is college football. lost his helmet and continued to We won’t really miss this aspect of pursue the play. Say what you will the game when it’s gone, but for about the aggressive new player better or worse, it helps to define safety rules, but their implementa- this sport. College football is glorition thus far has been somewhat ously quirky, and it is great for it.

The second home game of the season for Mines football was a hard fought battle against a tough Tennessee team, No. 11 CarsonNewman, which saw the Orediggers defeated 27-24. “We worked really hard all week. It’s going to be an exciting game, since we are such a great passing team. We are going up against a high octane running game, so it’s going to be a battle of the offenses,” Predicted Mines freshmen Chantz Tanner before the game. “It’s a great environment; it’s real pretty up here in Colorado. I’m just ready to play,” Commented Carson-Newman center, Derek Evans. The Orediggers’ loss came on the heels of their 72-6 blow-out in the first home game. CSM’s defense started out slow when Carson-Newman ran for a touchdown on the second play of the game. Mines offense quickly returned the touchdown in the middle of the first quarter on a 10-yard Matt Brown run. Carson-Newman’s running plays led their drive back down the

Volleyball back on track
Jared Riemer Staff Writer
With four games on the docket between Friday and Saturday, the nineteenth ranked Colorado School of Mines’ Volleyball team looked to put their rough first weekend of games behind them. With contests against Western Oregon University and Texas Women’s on Friday, the Orediggers were looking to gain momentum going into Saturday’s showdown with No. 22 Central Washington. Winning both matches by a score of three sets to zero, the ladies from Mines did so in convincing and record breaking style. In the first match, Mines handily beat Western Oregon 3-0 by scores of 25-21, 25-16, and 2515. The first set was the closest of the three sets. The teams traded points back and forth for much of the set, with neither team taking more than a four point lead. With both teams tied at 18 apiece, Mines scored the next two points and seven of the next ten points to separate themselves from WOU and take the ones set lead. The second set was all Mines. With the score 5-6, Mines went on a six point run to take a 5-12 lead and never looked back. The Orediggers won the second set 25-16 and kept their momentum heading into the third set. After an 8-8 start, Mines soon jumped out to an 18-11 lead and coasted to the 25-15 win in the final set to take the match and improve to 2-3 on the season. The Orediggers were led by a record 16 kills from freshman Alanna Winfield, who had a kill percentage of .800 and needed only 20 attacks to nab her record breaking 16 kills. Melanie Wannamaker recorded 13 kills with a .426 attack percentage, Sarah Pekarek notched 10 kills and 11 digs for the Orediggers, Hannah Margheim provided 21 digs to lead the team, and Danielle Johnson-Hazlewood led the team with 42 assists and added eight digs. Samantha Fischer led the team with two blocks, and as a unit, the Orediggers had an attack percentage of .330 and recorded 60 total digs. Their second match of the night was much like the first. Mines beat Texas Women’s 3-0 by scores of 28-26, 25-13, and 25-21 to win their third match in a row. The Orediggers held Texas Women’s to a staggeringly low at-

Women’s soccer gets hot
Jared Riemer Staff Writer
The sixth ranked Colorado School of Mines women’s soccer team is on one heck of a hot streak. Having not trailed for over 889:59 minutes, or almost 10 games worth, the Lady Orediggers defeated St. Mary’s 2-0 in their home opener on Friday. Mines, now 3-0, scored the first goal of the game at the 6:19 mark. Caitlin Kaltenbaugh weaved her way through the St. Mary’s defense and struck a shot from 12 yards out into the lower right corner of the net for her first of the year. The Lady Orediggers dictated the pace of the game and controlled the first half, getting off nine first half shots, and led 1-0 at halftime. After a weather delay, the Lady Orediggers picked up in the second half where they left off in the first. Taking a total of 15 second half shots for 24 total, Mines picked up their second goal in the sixty-fifth minute when Anna Deleray scored an unassisted 20 yard goal, also her first of the young season. Mines finished out the game with a few more shots

tack percentage of .075 and saw a well rounded effort in their victory. For much of the first set, Mines was playing catch-up. Texas Women’s lead 24-21 and needed only one more point to steal the first set, but Mines fought back and tied the match up at 24 and again at 26 before scoring the final two points to take the first set. The second set was a dominating performance by the Orediggers who went on a six point run with the score 8-7 en route to a 25-13 set victory and a 2-0 set advantage. The third set was closer than the third, at one point Texas Women‘s lead 15-14, but Mines pulled ahead and closed out the third and final set 25-21. Wannamaker and Winfield both recorded 12 kills to lead the team and Johnson-Hazlewood again recorded 42 assists to lead the team and added 12 digs of her own. Taryn Huber recorded 17 digs and Samantha Fischer recorded four blocks, to lead the team. While Abby Reuland added 10 kills, Margheim added nine digs, and Pekarek added eight kills. As a team, Mines recorded 51 digs, 46 assists, and a kill percentage of .231.

on goal, but never found the back of the net again and, when it was all over, the score remained 2-0 in favor of the home team. Mines dictated pace and possession, out-shooting St. Mary’s 24-3 for the game including 9-1 in the first half and 15-2 in the second stanza. Anna Evans led the team with six shots, three on goal, Kaltenbaugh and Deleray both recorded three shots, and Jayln Yates saved just one shot in her second straight shutout. The Lady Diggers start conference play this week against CSU-Pueblo at home.

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september 16, 2013

o p i n i o n

Seeing the bright side
Monica Patterson Staff Writer
No matter how old a person is, there are some aspects or times of life that just...well, suck. It can be very hard to see a silver lining or anything positive in life. The bad thing about this mind-set is the issue that usually that person is in fact better off than a great deal of people. The hardest thing to keep in mind is that, while this is true, nothing that person does will change this fact while he or she remains in this mind-set. Wallowing in feelings of guilt or self-pity will neither make anyone better off nor will it make the person feel better. There are, however, a few ways to see the good things despite the bad. The first thing to do is to learn to tackle the common downers, such as doing badly in a class. Everyone, except those godlike people who should not even exist, has struggled in a class before. Whether it is grasping a new concept or just not understanding a certain problem, there comes a time when school is just hard. Everyone else is doing better. They just get it. These negative thoughts may start gushing in, but keep this in mind: you made it this far. No matter how tough it is, realize that it was tough before, but that everything ended up okay. It will be okay. Another common issue is struggling to make friends. Perhaps the student is a person new to Mines. Making friends is a skill that everyone develops at a different pace. People are different here than the people back home. It is just a fact of life that people are diverse and react differently from each other. Instead of dwelling on this fact, try to remember that they are people with feelings who are probably struggling to make friends themselves. Talk to classmates about schoolwork and their interests. Talk to the people already acquainted with you. The main thing to keep in mind is that for every moment that you’re scared to talk to someone, someone is scared too. Maybe, however, the person reading this article is an upperclassman whose friends have graduated and/or moved. Breathe, smile, talk, and get out there. It will be okay. A college setting is very different from home and high school and one can easily become homesick. Parents aren’t there to fix everything. Everyone here is an adult. People will not dismiss childish acSudoku Puzzle - Medium

page 7

Minds at Mines Colorado Floods
Katerina Gonzales Content Manager
It was a rough week for Colorado, as four straight days of rain caused flooding along the Front Range. Although Mines kids might have initially welcomed the change in weather, save the umbrella-less students running from class to class, the overflowing torrents likely changed most people’s minds. This week, Minds at Mines asked, “What do you think about the floods?”

I want to say it’s cray, but that sounds insensitive. But I am glad my family is okay. Our neighborhood in Aurora was on TV for like two hours because of the flooding. Nathaniel Marshall

tions or acting out--mistakes matter. While this is true, keep in mind that the faculty members are here to help. Most students here are nice and will also help with anything if asked. It is not reader vs. the world here. Just do not forget to ask for help or company. 43% of this school is not from the Colorado area, and it certainly takes a while to get used to it. To help keep the homesickness to a minimum, keep tabs with people at home and get involved here. The more friends you make, the more it feels like home. It will be okay. Finally students often have self esteem issues. People here are smart. People here are, for the most part, physically fit. It may start to feel like everyone else is better. Just keep in mind that everyone is different and has a different skill set. Everyone has their own story and background. Everyone has weaknesses. Everyone has strengths. Remember this, and try to find your own unique strengths and skill sets. It will be okay. In short, learning to deal with these problems and push aside negative thoughts will eventually lead to positive thoughts and positive outcomes. The key phrase to keep in mind is, “It will be okay.”

They suck because they’re ruining my birthday. Eric Sears

I think the floods suck and they’re dangerous and floods has two O’s and people should not be near them. Nate Caroe

www.sudoku-puzzles.net

I think the water nation isn’t as awesome as people make it out to be. Clinton Smith www.sudoku-puzzles.net More Puzzles:

ALL PHOTOS KATERINA GONZALES / OREDIGGER

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o p i n i o n

september 16, 2013

Ethics Across Campus
The Environmental Impacts of Meat-Eating
Brian Zaharatos Guest Writer
of climate change (on pessimistic days, I tend to think we’re in serious trouble no matter what). Climate change—which is I do my best to take up some of thought to be anthropogenic (hu- these actions: for example, I try to man-caused) by the vast majority compost and recycle what I can; of climate scientists—is projected this semester, I didn’t buy a parkto have serious impacts on the ing permit to coerce myself into environment that we depend on, biking to campus more often; for and thus, on our health. For ex- recent home renovations, I tried ample, it is projected that climate my best to buy environmentally change will increase the frequen- friendly items like energy star apcy of major storms like Hurricane pliances and recycled materials. Katrina and Super Storm Sandy; While I think that these actions cause sea level rise, and thus are beneficial if repeated on a serious suffering, in many areas large scale, there’s one action that, if we’re including very rich (New York For most Americans, in- serious about the efCity) and very cluding me, eating meat slowing fects of climate poor (Banglawe desh) areas; is a deeply ingrained change, ought to do: recause water scarcity (this is piece of our culture. duce our consumption of, or particularly relevant to Colorado); and increase cease all together, eating meat. I know how bad that sounds. the prevalence of many diseases and disorders, including malaria, For most Americans, including diarrhea, and asthma. An incred- me, eating meat is a deeply enibly important question that we grained piece of our culture. Even now face is, what, if anything, if one is convinced that meat eatcan we do to slow the effects of ing is, in most cases, wrong (and I’m thoroughly convinced that it climate change? On my most optimistic days, I is), ceasing something so centend to think that there are things tral to our culture is difficult. But that we can do to slow the effects we ought not let what is difficult stand on the way of what is right. thing about water issues, espeAfter all, no one would be con- cially in the western US, you see vinced that, since ending institu- how much of an issue this is. By tional slavery in the US in the 19th contrast a pound of rice requires century was 400 gallons of The emissions prodifficult, we water, a pound might as well of potatoes not have both- duced by an 8 oz. steak requires 30 ered. Instead, gallons and a are equivalent to the pound of letwe ought to try, as much as we emissions produced by tuce requires can, to do what 15 gallons. is right, inde2. It is estidriving 14 miles. pendent of how mated that one hard it is. That being clear, now pound of beef requires almost a comes the difficult part: arguing quarter of a gallon of oil. A full convincingly that eating meat is sized cow requires almost 300 wrong. gallons. There are very convincing rea3. The emissions produced by sons to believe that eating meat an 8 oz. steak are equivalent to is wrong, especially in the fash- the emissions produced by drivion that we produce it, because ing 14 miles. it causes extreme suffering. My 4. Since most of the cows that goal is not to make this argument we eat are fed an unnatural diet here; rather, I hope to argue that of corn and grains (rather than it is wrong because the negative grass), they tend to be very gassy environmental impacts of pro- (that’s right—they fart a lot). The ducing meat are great. Consider methane released from cows is some facts about the way that we thought to be a significant conproduce food: tributor to climate change. 1. It is estimated that one 5. The waste from concenpound of beef uses between trated animal feeding operations 2500 and 5000 gallons of water; produces some nasty waste, a pound of chicken requires 815 which includes antibiotics, horgallons of water. If you know any- mones, chemicals, and ammonia and heavy metals. This waste is known to pollute waterways and drinking water. These facts lend a lot of support to the following claim: Meat production is detrimental to the environment, is a contributor to climate change, and thus, is detrimental to human health. Since it is plausible that we ought not support what is detrimental to human health, if follows that we ought not eat meat (or, at least we ought to greatly reduce our consumption). What do you think of this argument? Are you convinced of the conclusion? If not, then it must be that, either some claims are false or the argument form is bad. Which is it? Feel free to share by emailing me at bzaharat@mines. edu.
Editorials Policy The Oredigger is a designated public forum. Editors have the authority to make all content decisions without censorship or advance approval and may edit submitted pieces for length so long as the original meaning of the piece is unchanged. Opinions contained within the Opinion Section do not necessarily reflect those of Colorado School of Mines or The Oredigger. The Oredigger does not accept submissions without identification and will consider all requests for anonymity in publication on a case-by-case basis. Submissions less than 300 words will receive preference.

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